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A Brave South Carolinian 

Adams, Richard n 90 

Advertisements — 34 

After Battle of Frazler's Farm 20 

Alabama, ICearsarge Fight ... HO 

Alabama al Capetown 332 

mi. n w Pi 

Anecdot nn .. 379 

Announcement .. 372 

Annual Memorial Services 279. 323 

Antidote for Cowardice 

Res] I To 

A Rainbow from I kout Mountain 

Archer, James 

Armlstead, i \ :7i 

1 morarj Mi i" 1 " rs 1 C. V.... 
A Veteran in Need ... 235 

I I :. Inn. I :i PJni 'i ■ 


I Ballentint'. John 11. Gellantrj 1 nder Fire 

B 336 

Battlefield oi I dai Cr'ei k 

Battlefield of Chtcl 

Battlefield of Shlloh 

9 Hill 

nam.- of Fraeler's Farm 

■I Mana 1 

Battle ol Staunton River Bi 1.. . 19 

' ,.i 1 >.■!-., 1 tment 78 

Baylor, John it n<; 

Beauregard's will 

Iful R< plj ol J- Ifi rsor. Davl 
Bell. John II 

Benefactions of a Comradi .376 

Name for the War 

Bin. 1.1s tor ran 321 

Birmingham Confederate Monument 145 

Board of Go U lerate Borne 

Boyd, John 

Bragg, Braxton. Telegrams of 1 1 ■ 

Branch, Mrs. Charlotte 344 

Brave and Trui 343 

Brave I '.led 24" 

Bravi P. E. Drew's I'.n. 85 

Brave South Carolinians 12.", 

Bridcll, Edward, Fate of 311 

Buck. Sam , ]5;» 

Buford, Abram 32s 

Building Oonfederati Monuments 210 

Bush, W. N 102 

Bj <■' ives ol I hi federate Dead 

Cabell, w. D 

Cabell. W. 1. 

Call of Comrades to Dutj 

Call m 1 1. 

hern Virginia 

ol Gi 11 Earlj 

Camp Moultrie Sons of Veterans at Char! 

Camp Life 

Che 1 ran 

Capture of Wool ford 

ol 1 be M'i iiimii 

if l ' .!. Vetei ass 

Caring for the Wounded at luke 

Carpi -11 of Terror In Arkansas 

Cause and its History 

Ol W11 \\ .1 

Cave 1 »r . \. i.i i - - of 

ham, B. v 

Chicago Monument Dedii 

Chick ini.niL.i 1 , , r..,;. , .; 

Childress, Miss \ C 

Circular Lettei \ 1 1 1 h 1 R< union 

Clebui ,.1, :n Shiloh 

i :iert 

■ 121. 








. 1 




11, Ti X., Ri 233 

Commi in C. I"ii.;. ut Birmingham Reunion 156 
Communications Between Comrades 



1 Ingham Ri 20 

'. Icksburg 


... 18 



- Living. . 

. der of First 
oi Arkansa- 

ument in Alexandria, Va 367 

... 335 

Mon men! for Birmingham 145 

ument a' ... 216 

ni at Chlckamaug i 

', ! 1 1 

Monument in I 149 

Organlzat . . . iro 


mps 77 

-■' Ni n Yi.rk 


i ' infi Souvenir. ........ 

It rai Cemi -. tv 
iptured at Fort Don. 1- •, ... ]S4 

■ -. 
1 7, i 

■ I lenry. D rj 

David ''. 

Cunninpham. P. D .333 

Daughters of Confederacy. 

Hayes :: 

rson. Tribl - • 25 

Sam, Hero Martyi 

Winnie and Haggii 



Delivering the Veteran in Nashville 

Departing I . Soldiers 

Dibreil's Victorj Over Woolford 

•i. .1 .1 _ 9g 

Order the VwtranBut a Tear 

u the Last Ditch 

Drew, P. E.. and His FaU 

S First Siege of Vlcksburg 

. . 113 

iHKy to Veteran Mem 

BUsler, Effle 

Emmet. Daniel D 

Enemy Our Friends 

Epitaph on Si .n. w. ill Jackson 

Evans. Clement A jq] 

Eve. Franeis E j 4r > 

Every Man to His Humor 

n's Crave 35 

Father Ryan t i Sen. Butler 20 

Feast -;iitine 

Feeling in the Army 339 

Fergusi - g : , 

Field Glass of A. Gen. Jackson !!!!!."!!! 5r, 

First Capitol Boil. line of Confederacy 10^ 

Qopfederate l/eterai?. 


First S 


of the Twentieth Ti 

■ it 


ford 117 

3° 5 



! -ii 164 

Forty-Eighth T H 235 

Founder of First Hospital Ml 

Foute igUBtua M 343 

Framed Copies ol l- 

Franklln, Jamec 308 

Freak In the Army 335 

■ anklin 239 

Gap of ■ ■ kamauga 

c;.,\. i i tntry 216 

niioii 171 


News for the New fear ;;,; 

B : '' 

a, .Mrs. I. .nil.- .\1 217 

ij Letter from Hoi Springs - 1 

Own Turkey 246 

Got the Wa '-' 

Grand Army Invitations 154 

Graves of Our Dead at Resaca 54 

i i 63 

d Gray 269 

Greetings from a Union Soldier 

Gwine i I ■ Dixie 1M 

ederates 258 

Hall, B. D m 

Hand t" Hand Fight in the Army 228 

Prison Lite a 242 

' '; 

Hart's Famout Battery : '" 

' 3 


Hi Hoi Tl 

and il.i .i- In Virginia 

i no in the Strife 282 

ii. role and Patrlotii I i rs 

i I on 356 

Hill, A. P., Signal Corps 11 

Historical Curiosity " ■ 

II. .Im. in, J. A 227 

, James G 178 

l ( for Fen 80 

Home Sweet Home 241 

ed HI Q i 89 

nig the Private Soldier 162 

Honor to the Third Louisiana Regiment 341 

ii in Tennessee 4 

i, Near Nashville 231 

How We - ! lion 137 

Humors of Camp Life 851 

Humors "i" War Times 151 

Humphries, Rob rt 89 

Hyde, I.. H 280 

I mi is:. i derates 262 

Ln teres I Ing Ba I in 1 10 

S 234 

, i noma J 31, 180, 27.s 

in, William 11 176 

Jimmy, An Invincible irishman -■" 

in Bradley T 31 

Johns. m. Mrs. Bradley T., li red 366 

J.ilm - i i ' 242 

Johnston, A. S 81 

Jones, K. Tyler ami Gen, Arm! ti id 271 

ECearsarge Alaba til 140 

Mike 6 

Two Artillerymen With H 
Knights rl Dixie 

B. 1"' 

"Land ■• ran 


' icy 7i 

Latham. John C 

- i. Y ,.. 1"3 

tttox 171 


Lee, Gen., r. 14 

Lee, S. D TO 

Lee's Surrender 4; 

Leg Ampul i Th rtj iears 

■mi Veterans 227,280,305,340 


i - ' 7!' 

i md 27i 

Manlfi a. .248 

■ n.l I. in. Co ate Soldiers I Ion 41 

McCann, Dick, Anecdote ol 27;' 

ate Soldiers 3* 

i Pn 188 

Memorial Daj Services 142, 166.213,267 

ei of mi 

Military Disabilities 238 

Mllledge, John .' 81 

i Polk 230 

M ook i-:. ii i: Other for Bnems 

Model M.i hods of a Texas Camp 828 

Monument to Gen. Klrby-Smith 372 

Monuments to Southern Women 312 

Morgan, Henrietta, Mother of Heroes 331 

Morgan, Irby 194 

i m's Raid 195 

More of Gen. Rains' Torpedoes 383 

Vicksburg Reminiscences 371 

Mother of the Confederacy 

My South. My South 114 

..i Our War 112 

\'.u ni Daughters I . D. V 3'»l 

Need of United States History 126 

New Ideas, New Departures, New South 359 

Newspapers and Publishers 34 

Northorpe, B. L 84 

Notable Colon d 

Noted Grave In Altoona, Ga 

no .i' i •■ ■ Surrendei II 

Official i'i lings of U. C. V 

Old Hickory 127. 369 

■ -I to the Name Ri bellion 199 

Defeat of Hampton 801 

Parson's Brigade at Reunion 23S 

Partial Lisl of Veteran Subscribers 313 

i ent and Business 321 

i'. iii. mi. John, The Gallant 74, 2ln 

Penal i Ii inn 285 

Pennsj Ivanlan and Gi orgian Bucktalls 816 

Perilous Crossing of the Tennessee lis 

Polk, Bishop, Quick Wit of 

Ucable Method of Insurance 

o Shan thi B*ati ■ His Men 115 

President ol I I' C 307 

Price of the Veteran 16, 26 

Prison Life al 13 irper's Pern and Johnson's Island 113, 242 

Private Soldier 375 

Proof Thai Southerners Were Heroes lSl 

Prove Your Faith 130 

Quintard, Bishop, Will Write a Book 353 

I in .iii.h West Virginia Mountains 83 

Rare Old Postage Stamps 259 

Recollections of an Artilleryman 379 

Record of Confederate Defeal 48 

(Confederate l/eterap. 

i of Vote -it r. c. V ■■ 1*3 

I the Truth of History ••• 16 

M 290 

- I — " 

Remarkable R. R >- 7 

Remit, 'ederal Surgeon ...368 

Remli ■> 

Remit'; i Shlloh 

Reminii i I 

Repn sentati\ is of tl 

Response ' — ®* 

m in Belton, Texas 

.ii at Ooll n .... 233 

in ai Gallatin. Tenn 

Reunion it Hawklnsvllle, '■■< 
.ii at Mount Airy. N. C 
Ion Notes from Birmingham... 

. . 212 

Reunion of Texas Veterai < ... 122 

the Twentieth 
• n Report I mlngham. ... 131 

Ross, G 
Ryan, Fath 
Ryan's I Fa 

Ml 9. Winifred. Kind 
s< outing i" w est Vh git 1 

1 tarvey 

Sentinel Bongs 

uyland Command .... 185 


isburg, Ciisis at 

Bherldan's Reply to Gen. 1 

Shlloh .1 

•1 of Old 

Fund ■■■ 117 

Smith. "Extra Billy" 

at Dalton... 

Solid Testimonials 

South Is At 

nir, To w hom It Is s. n 

if thi w st" ... 120 

1 1 the Armj 335 

Things w e-ri 

Surrendet 1 42 

Surrender of TIcksburg 

B. H. . 

Tennesseeans at Chit kamauga 205 

1 a of Pension Examiners 73 

Texas in • 1 98 


Thrilling v I 26S 


Touching Incident, Virginia* -•■ 51 

Tribute to a Soldier. Shot Twentj Times 89 

Staff Officers 205 

Senator. .... . us 

Itudes of Private Soldier 19 

Worthy Plea for Help 37 

An Incident of Battle 

Ashes of Glory I 43 

Aye. But Its 1 re Dead 333 

Richmond 46 

Broke 1 375 

Captive's Dream -'" 

Chickamauga 316 

1 293 


Florida White 294 

Back to Jesus V* 

I'm Gwlne Back to lesus 1M 



M] T.ittle Volun . 


Tril. 1 


11 Fell 


Home lr 

Emmel Decatur. Horn. 


glment Flat- 


Latham ,, 


a, Wilm. • 

Monument at Chancellors ville.. 

w. ii.. Home of 

Quintar.i. I 


in Examiners 



Allston. Jos. B 

- .n. Mrs. May 78, 

Andrews. C H 


T. 11 

Badl, Mrs. C. A 

1 T 

. J . N 


Bemass. W. H 

Bidwell, B. G.. 

;.. Jno. F 

Bizzell. M. 1} 

Blackmore, Jas. W 

Bondurant, B. C 

J. A 

Boyle, Virginia Fr..7. 

! . V 

Brentwood. Joe 

Briges. J B 

Brown, Joshua 

Buck, Mrs. Alios Trueheart. 

Buck, s. 1 1 

Burrey, A. M 


Caddwell, D 

Caldwell, Joshua 

CaJlan, J. J 

Cave, R. C 

in R 

Chandler. A. N 












Qopfederate tfeterap. 

Clark, Geo 

Clark, W. C 

Collins, Mortimer 

Crisp, Jn... T 

Cummlng. Jos. R 274. 

Currle, Mi?. Kate Cat* 

T. M 

'■! C. O 

ly, J. L 


id, T C 

Depew, Chauncey 

L. T 

ry, J. B. S 

Q ' 

C. M 

Jno. \V 


EarJ i ( I lerby 

Eason, J. T 

Eve. P. E 

r. well, Wm. J 

Fli mming, D. G 

Flynt. T. \V 

: . Tom 

Franklin, .las 

eh, S. G 

Fry, Geo 

W. D 4, 

I iardner, Washington 

, Gee, G I 

Be, J. H 

in, F. T 

Goldsmith. W. L 

Iloe, A. T 

• ; rdon, J. B 

Gordon-Law. Geo 105, 

Greacen, Jas 

Green, Curtis 

Gulce. B. D 20. 

Harreil, Jno. B 

J, F 

Haaklns, Behj 

Haynes, J. D 

Hickman. F. G 

Hill, H. R 57. 

Hindman, Biscoe 

Hockersmith, H. H 

Hogan, N. B 51, 

Holmes. J. G 

Hord, Ben MoC 

Horsley, A. S 

Houghton, Sir Henry 

Hughes, L. A 215, 

Johnson. Bradley T 

Johnson, J. TV 

Job nson, Smith 

Johnson, W. Gart 212, 

Johnston, A., s 

J ihnsbon, Frank 

Johnston, Wm. Preston 

Jones, Ohas. E 244. 

J. Wm. 

Jones, -Mrs. J. Wm 

i ins . Wm, B 

Kahle, M. S 

Kelso, P. M 

idy, N. B 

King, J. M 

Kyle," Ruby Beryl 23, 91, 

Lanier, T. L 


























Law, Mrs Bailie C. G 

tter, II. T 11.". 

E. T 

F. YV 175 

R B 

Lee, s. D 

page, ii B 88 

Lovelace, P. C 

Lyons, Jas. T v 

M'Amy. ('. D 

YV Jl 


Mattes. J. A 79 

Martin, Jos. E 323 

a, J. T 198 


Mi • Sormlck, S. D 330 

McKinney 344 

MoLeary, A C 151 

MoMurray 829 

M X.-illy. J. H 71. 126, 261 

Mi 3Si ngi i -, Lillian R 269 

Ullsl i 131 

Monroe, Miss Sue 181. 35S 

Montague, Win. P 140 

M T. C W0 

Morels T na 

m : Ison, W. 1 341 

Motlow, Felix s7 

Murphy, D. C 267 

Murray, John P 333 

Nixon, W. C 279 

Norton. B. R 332. 365 

Nun. J. M 276 

Overall, H"n. John W 331 

is, Thos 233 

Parker, E \v MS 

Pacrent, E. J 14 

Polk, Bishop 27u 

Pi wer, J. L 313 

Powers, W. Dudley 23 

Quincy, Josiah 294 

Blaine, < iabrleJ -34 

hSord, J. W 283 

hi. Jno. H H6 

R. (Jlll.-r. A. J 143 

Rhelt, Claudlne 126 

Rhodes C. '' ->" 

Ridley, S. J 295 

Rivers, Pearl 46 

li. b rts, i 'has. W 75 

R ils. Dr. J. P 328 

Rogi rs, G. T 838 

Ryan, Father 108 

Sage, G. R 166 

Savery, P. M 180 

. W. B 206 

Shoup, !■'. A 137, 1.2 

Simmons, II. C 2^0 

Simmons. J. W 32s 

Slack, A. L 12, 20 

Sloan. Jno. N 37 

Smith. Frank M 267 

i -. Jesse 802 

Si. r..n], T, B 199 

St. Clair, Wm. R 17 

Stewart. Wm. H 140 

Slinson, J. B Is7 

A. T 168 

Stovall. F. M 171 

Strode. E. W 379 

Sullivan. Kale 262 White, ,1. H 263 

Teague. B. H 79 Williams. L. G .- 

J W 12-7 Williams. Martin 206 

Thompson, Mrs. John C .. 1"9 Wilson, D. J 188 

■■•. Frank O 323 Winchester, Jas 17a 

I, ula 8E Wiseman, Elijah 

Trousdale, .i A 332 Woodruff, Mrs. J. G 

Underwood, J. C 156 Worsley, P. s 

Watkins, s. R 204 Wright, Clark 

>. J A 13 


Mis. Albert i"i Hayne, Paul 375 

Allen, w. w 824 Henderson, Bessfc (froi 

. Jas 
Aubrey, .las 


R. A 37u Herbst, Charley 


I 364 

Marie Louise 59 

Michael 93 



\\ B 336 

la 11, John II 17:. 

Boone, Laura front May 

i GOO W 369 

I (oj d, John 121 

BufOrd, Al.ram 326 

Banks, M 

A M 


Hush. W. N 102 

W. D 186 Latham, Jobs C. 

Cabell, W. L 67 

Cadgy. W. D front Sept. 

Cantrell, Jas front Sept. 

Cheatham, B. P l 

Childress, U ss a. C 128 

Chdsolm, Robl 98 

Claiborne, Ohas H 360 

Clampitt. Geo. M 268 M. Dougald. Annie. 

Clarke, Lizzie 12s, 107 McGee, Lillie 

Cobb. Robt 108 .M.. Murray. Adele 1 

Cochran, Carrie 102 MoMurray, W. .1 Bi 

Cooke, John Esten 170 , MeNeilly, .las. n 261 

Oockrill, M. S 370, Mill. r. Polk 230 

Cowan, Geo. ,\ 370 Mitchell, Etta 101 

Crittenden, S. S 9s M.intague, Lula 108 

ii ckman,' John P 

Hinsdale, Ellen 

ii. a. ii tnols 

Holmes, Jas. G l'i 

Jackson, TIws. J 21. .60 

Jackson, w. ii Front June 

Johnson, Brnll.-i T 21, 21 

Jon.-s. Jl.m A 2 

Jones. Robl Tj ler 2 

K. hi. w. 11 Chas 3. 

Kirl.y -Smith. Edward 373 

Lake. Geo. II 

Lane, Jas. 11 i5'i 


Laurens, Eliza 104 

Law, Mrs. Sallie C. G....1" 

Leavy, Sam T 108 

10. T 212 

i S. D •' 

Luttrell. S. c 

Martin. J. T 


Morgan, Irby 194 

Morgan, John 193 

Muse, Wm. J 370 

Pea-due, Geo front Sept. 

Pasco. Elizabeth 122 

Pope, Win. II 364 

Rogan, Ma,rtha L...fronl Si p 

Ross, L. S 199 

. 141 
. 270 

Evans, Clement... .... 101 Shrlver, Marsh 363 

Eve, Francis BI 342 Simon, August 365 

Ferguson, F. S 369 Skinner, F. G 

Crockett, David 161 

Cumming. Jos. B 350 

Davis, Jefferson 3 

Davis, Jefferson Hayes 3 

I >a\ is, Win 3, 360 

Dickinson, J. J 99 

Dickinson. L. T 165 

Dudley, it. H 370 

BUsler, Effle 380 Sample, Mrs s. Tyler 

Emmet, D. D 373 Shipp. J. F 


Goodlett, Janle 361 Thomas. Daniel L 365 

Gordon. J. B 92 Tompkins. Jas front Sept 

Gordon. Mrs. Loulle M 217 Trlppe, A. C 3C4 

Graham, Jeanli 361 Underwood, John C 

Fitzgerald, Wm. H 

Forrest, N. B 1 

Kii, r, Sarah 309 

Gaithn r, Geo R 365 

Gale. Mrs, W. D 104 

Snow. Adelaide 

SMnson, R. Jas 

Taylor, John M 

Ti ague, B. 'ii 

Tennessee Press Ass'n. 

Graves, Eleanora 21 

Hale, E. D 68 

1 1 : 1 > .1.11. John F 264 

' -. Mrs. M. Davis 360 

Hayne, Delia (front May). 99 

Vinson, Annie 309 

Vinson, Ida (front May) 107 

White, Florida 294 

it, Clark 2; 

/^c ^ 


^ J B Tate '«* 9 * 


Published Monthly in the Interest of Confederate Veterans and Kindred Topics. 

Prior 10 Ckkts. i v„i tt 

Yearly -i.ihi I VOL 11. 

Nashville, Tkxx., January, 1894. 


X- t IS. A. CI NNING1 
i\0. I. \ pro, 

a* m 


Born in Bedford County, Tenn., July 13, 1821 ; died Rl Mi m- 
phis, Tenn., October, 29, 1877. He removed to Hen 
Miss., m 1842, and was a planter until 1852, when he removed 
i.i Memphis 

General Forrest was one "f the mosl remarkable men de- 
veloped by the war. In fighting he was the Stonewall Jack- 
son of the West. United States Senator John W. Daniel, of 
Virginia, in liis groat Bpeech as orator for tin 1 United Confed- 
erate Veterans, al their reunion in N^» Orleans,in April, 1892, 
said: "Forrest, the 'Wizard of the Saddle,' oh whal genius 
was in that won. Infill man! He fell the field as Blind Tom 

touches tin' keys <>f a piano. 'War means killing,' be said, 
'and tin- way to kill is to gel there first with tin- most men.' 
There is military science— Napoleon, Stonewall ami lee -in a 

nutshell. He was not tau>_'ht at West Point, hut he gave les- 

sonstoWesJ Point." Erroneous statements have been pub- 
lished, even in Encyclopedias, concerning his illiteracy. 

His lovely Christian wife died in Memphis only a year or 
two sine.', i if his family now living there are t Saptain William 
Forrest and his three children— Mary, Bedford, and William. 


Born in Nashville, October 20, 1820; died Sepreml 

rved as Captain of Volunteers in thi Mexican War, and 
distinguished himself in the -. \ i rest hatth s there. On return- 
ing from Mexico he was appointed Major General of fchi 

• Militia. 
In the Confederate service lie was at one., ma.le Brig 

General, and soon afterward a Majoi General. He w 

many tierce hattles. an.l always was the pridl ildiere. 
In tie- Hood Campaign he commanded one of the three Corps. 
"Mars Frank" was the familiar term under which any pri- 
vate soldier \\ u him. who hesitated to ask th< 

things of their regimental commanders, Aftei the war he 
engaged in Farming, and when he died was Postmaster al Nash- 
ville. The honor ami affection in which he was held was 
verified by his having "thi funeral that has evei 1" en 

held in Nashville." The procei S more than a mile in 

length. His faithful, lovely wifi ed over tb* river" not 

ftei him. Their live children— three sons ami two 
.laughters are all doing well, ami live in a good boip 
Nashville, provided by their parents. 


Position Guaranteed! 

The Nashville Shorthand Institute 

and Tennessee Business College. 

The Leading. The Oldest, and The Best. 







Day and Night Classes all I fie 5 ear. Hours from K a. M to I" I*. M. 
Headquarters for all kiml* of Shorthand and Typewriter work. 
KeaKonahi'- rales and entire s;it Lsfacl Ion guaranteed. 


Main Floor, Baxter Court. Telephone 1466. 

Catalogue and Tfertn* mailed on application. 

(aii deposit your money for lUltlOD in bank till |m«illou in 
secured and accepted. This offer Is made to all who enter for K»»r- 
antee couise In 

Draughon's Consolidated Practical Business College 

and School of Shorthand and Telegraphy. 


Ifo Text-book used on Book-keeping. 

Three weeks '•> our practical method ol leaching 1 k-keeplnf 

Is equal to i%»ci\*' weeks by the old style. Elovon in Faculty. 
Besl patronized Buslm as College In the South. Cheap Hoard. Bend 
for *• free" Illustrated late 80-page catalogue, which will explain 
can to vnarantee positions, ami u liy other schools 
It a 1st 1 gives rates of tuition, board, etc. Address, 

J. F. i>kak.iio\. President, Nashville, Tens. 

why wf 

can uol 


charles mitchell. 
Baker ano Confectioner. 

Orders for Weddings and Parties Promptly Filled. 

Home-made Candles Fr«sh Dally. 

323 Union Street. NasMlle. Tenn. 

Second Floor. Cole Building, 


8*^- The Most Practical Institution of its kind in the World. '"©8 

Indorsed by Merchants and Bankers. '■' Write for Catalogue. 


The only school in the Smith devoted exclusively to the training of young ladies and gentlemen In Shorthand and Typewriting. The 
Academy Is under the personal direction of a veteran teacher and reporter— a veteran 111 a double sense, hav ng commenced the study of 
phonography thirty years ago, while a prisoner of war in Uoek Island, Illinois. 

CtonHorH Cotom Tano-ht Bend for handsome Souvenir Catalogue, containing much valuable information about short- 
OT.ri.rmcU u Jyjtcin ictugiit. nan( j, systems reviewed, comparisons made, deductions drawn. 



The Greatest Southern System. 

The route of the <;reat Washington and 

Southwestern Vestlbuled Limited, composed 
o:ily of Pullman Vestlbuled Bleeping and 

lhnlng Cars, solid in and [r New York, 

■iniing Through Vestlbuled Sleepers be- 
tween New < irleans and New York via Mont- 
gomery, Atlanta, Charlotte, Danville, Char- 
lottesville and Washington. Also the " U. B. 
Great Fast, Mall," with Through Pullman 
Sleepers, saving twelve hours between New 
York anil Montgomery, without Change; 
triple daily trains between the Bast ami Ai 


via Birmingham, t lie stiort and direct route 
East ami West. All Confederates going In 
the Confederate Reunion, at Birmingham, 
should see that their tickets read via the 
Georgia Pacific Railway and Richmond <S 
nanvi'h I mllroad. 

W. A.Tokk, 
General Passenger Agent, Washington, D. C. 

Assl. 8. H. llAKI.WK'K, 

General Passenger Agent, Atlanta, Ga. 

There never was a better Beer brewed, and never before has any 
Beer obtained such a reputation in so short a time, as 

The proof, of course, is 
in the drinking. Try it. 
Convince yourself. 








Paducah, Tennessee and Alabama R. R. 
and Tennessee Midland Ry. 



By l Ins route passengers leave Nashville at 
8.26 A. m. and reach Memphis at ti o'clock P. 
if., making good connection with this line at 
Hollow Rock .i unction. 

Get your Tickets at W. S. DUCKWORTH'S, 

Next Door to Maxwell House. 

Dental Department 

Sixteenth Annual Session 

Will begin October 2, 1898, and continue un- 
til latter part of February. 

Infirmary, Southeast corner Broad ami High 
streets, Is now open for the reception of pap 
tlents. Patients will be charged onlyfor ma- 
terial 1 1 -. -. i peratlons. Competent In- 
structors always present to direct the work. 

Infirmary open from n a. m. to i p. m. 

ii-iiHius. R. B.LEES, M.D..D.0.S., Dean. 

Confed erate Vete ran. 

Published Monthly in the Interest of Confederate Veterans and Kindred Topics. 
VSSk^tF™- \ Vol. II. Nashville, Tenn., January, 1894. No. 1. { 


Eratered ;ii tin- Postoffioe, Nashville. Tenn., as second-class matter 
\«i\ .1 ( [seraenl - : Two dollars i" 
eept i;i>i page. Oue page, one time, special. $10. Dlsoount: Ha I 
one-Issue; one year, i Issue. This is ao Increase on former rate. 

Contributors will please be diligent to abbreviate. M 
Important (or an; thing thai has nol special merit. 

The date t.» subscriptions Is always gi%*en i" the montb 
ends. For Instance, II the Vbtbkah be ordered to begin with Janu- 
ary, the date on mail list will be December, and thi 
il'.i lot Ikii numb 

With tlii- greeting to patrons of the Vetj ran for 
the nevt year there musl be explanation and apology 
for delay in issue. It was difficult to determine about 
certain changes to be made in the new volume, basing 
all upon tin' price. When it was decided to in< 
tlir price it was determined to improve tin- quality of 
materia] and, it" possible, the matter, lor the new year. 
\ Budden ami unexpected illness intervened just as 
matters « ere under way for having the V i tbb v\ com- 
pleted by the L5th, which compelled some delay. The 
articles in this number will he found very good, yet 
greater disappointment than ever ha- been hail in 
promised articles of much strength ami historic ben- 
efit, which it was expected would begin the new year's 
volume. Some of these may be expected in February, 
Review of many hooks ami matters of interest to com- 
rades has been unavoidably delayed. However, with 
better facilities than ever, with restored health, ami 
with the assured approval of all people who honor the 

name Confederate, it is believed that in future the 

Veteran will he better than it has ever been. 

The time of issuing the Veteran has been from the 
12th to the IMh of the month, although it has heen 
designed to bring it to the first. It is considered best, 
however, to have publication day at about the middle 

of the month. Therefore patrons every where may not 
expect it before the 15th, close to which day it may he 

expected in the mail to .'very suhsc riher. 

cut nIT from public patronage. In b such men 

I am impelled to commend tin ration of com- 

rades. Ought we not take Buch action a- opportunity 
that will hring about a co-operative spirit with 
tin in and assure them in every possible way that they 
have not only our gratitude, hut that we are deter- 
mined to CO-operate at any time in such mi 
will enable them to , ien ise such influence upon the 
administration of government as their patriotism and 
their steadfastness merit'-' Tl ■ be no spirit 

truer than that which inspires thi- sentiment. In 
their and our powerless condition three decades have 
elapsed, and we have never manifested to them the 
regret we feel and thi' high regard we entertain for 
them. So much a- a Suggestion. Let it he said that 
the \'i iikw is for smh patriots, and is for making 
known that Confederate veterans have a thoroughly 
fraternal regard for the men who fought us only to 
maintain the Union, and we would gladly CO-operate 
with them for the common good of our gnat country. 


Sim i; having in charge the highly responsible work 
of Sending out the CONFEDERATE VETl RAN to 80 many 
thousands who arc its loyal and firm supporters, the 
grave responsibility weighs heavier and heavier. A 
sentiment ha- I ieen growing for month-, to which refer- 
ence is now made, which is in behalf of Union soldiers 
who were tired hy the kind of patriot ism that inspired 
Andrew .lack-on to say. 'The Union! it must and 
shall be preserved." who fought its battles to a vic- 
torious ending, and who. with admiration for the 
courage of Confederates and highest personal esteem, 
felt the great injustice of depriving them of property 
by confiscation, and have all these decades continued 
in a political minority whereby they have heen wholly 

1 82C 

To met a demand from every section of tie South 
t,,, issues of the Veteran tor I893, which cannot be 

supplied, it has heen determined to publish a- a Sou- 

venii all the best articles ami the many splendid illus- 
trations which appeared in that volume. TheSouvenir 

will contain I < M > page-. }„■ printed in -uperh Btyll 
nicely hound. Tin price will he twenty-live . 
It is furnished free to all subscribers who have remitted 
II. It cannot he supplied to those who 

renewed at fifty cents, hut they can have it by 
remitting twenty-five cent- M 16 expected to have 
the Souvenir ready for distribution at the P.irmingham 
reunion. April 25th, about which time it will he de- 
livered through the mails. Advertisements will bje 
taken for this Souvenir edition at liberal rates. This, 
will he an excellent opportunity for first-class adver- 
t Lsers, as the Souvenir will he one of the most popular 
productions ever issued in the South. The forms 

reotyped, and it is believed that m vera] editions 
will he demanded. 

unsettled was the question of price of tie Vi i- 
eram for so long that it has heen decided to accept re- 
mittances that have heen made at fifty cents to date 
and through this month. Such subscribers, however, 
will not he entitled to the Souvenir. All subscriptions 
received during December at one dollar, which cam,- 



through the Liberality of friend-, were entered at the 
T reduced rate, therefore making the time two years for 

one dollar, tin- even ogainsl their protest. Since Jan- 
uary remittances at one dollar have 1 n entered for 

the year with the Souvenir, and remittances at fifty 
■ • ms have been entered for the year without the Sou- 
renir, and to show the most Liberal spirit possible this 
' edition will continue until the end of this month. 
.fter which no subscriptions will be entered for less 
T than one dollar, except renewals without the Souvenir, 
which will he accepted at seventy-five cents. All dol- 
lar subscriptions will include the Souvenir. It is be- 

b^ lieved. with this statement and the editorial on this 
Bubject, page L 6, that patrons will lie universally sat- 
isfied with the chain 


A misleading proposition was published in the De- 
cember Veteran. It was that "Flags of a nation 
_ that fell," and pictures of Gen. Lee and of Mr. Davis 

would he furnished (Valued for thirty cents. It was 
not intended to offer hut one frame and glass for the 
thirty cents. The design was to give the preference 
to friends? as between either of these eminent men or 
I the Hags. A contract was made with factory agents 

■r to supply cherry frames with glass, to be supplied by 
the Vi ii ran, at thirty cents, just as the factory shut 

> down, and there lias been annoying delay in getting 
il 'Values made at the very low price named. It is 
understood now that during the next week they will 

b. be sent in by the hundred, so all the orders received 

\\ can lie filled without any further delay. Remember, 

— that all who wish the four Hags framed nicely under 

- g I" supplied by remitting the thirty cents. 

The offer to supply the Davis ami I ,ee pictures in 
these frames is recalled. These plates cannot he 
"made ready" and printed at the small cost in orders 
of less than one hundred copies. 

I i was designed to review somewhat fully in this 
I' VsTEBANGen. Gordon's great lecture. "The Last Hays 
of the Confederacy," by referring to and quoting from 
it in BUCh way as would not detract from the interest 
l( ,'i,i Cjf audiences to whom he may yet deliver it. The 
,n " review has been deferred, however, as have many oth- 
er, ers on account of sickness. In introducing Gen. Gor- 
'",' don Gen. W. II. Jackson, the Major General command- 
>*' ing Tennessee Division U. C. V., paid fine tribute to 
pi ti e lecturer. He asked, Whocould so well portray the 
11 closing incidents as the hero of the closing scenes, who 
>■• was one of the leaders of the "forlorn hope" at Appo- 
mattox, leading that last charge, which is unsurpassed 
in history, who was the trusted Lieutenant of tin' 
i peerless and spotless Robert E. Lee, and who was the 
typical soldier, promoted from Captain to Lieutenant 
Bt General by merit alone? He mentioned the loyal de- 


votion of the speaker to hi- chief, and recited the in- 
cident of hi- taking fee's bridle reins in the battli 
Sharpsburg. When Lee -aid to Gordon, who was com- 
manding the center of the line. " 1 have no support 
for you." ( rordon Stood there like a stone wall, with a 
hall in his right leg and another in hi- left arm. com- 
pletely shattering it. yet he still refused to leave the 
field. Finally, when shot by a minnie ball in his left 
shoulder, and terribly shot in the face, he was carried 
from the field unconscious. The speaker has been 
Governor of the empire State of the South, and twice 
elected to fcne United state- Senate, lie is Senatoi 
now. and is Commander of the United Confederate 

"The Confederate Soldier in the Civn War" 

needs at tent ion. A clever Hep u Mi can. who has changed 
his residence from the North to the blue grass region of 
Kentucky, has inaugurated another great scheme for 
getting tin- Confederate soldier's money, lie ha- -cut 
out an elaborate circular, not to the Veteran, anil has 
gotten it up so ingeniusly that theauthoi ship appears as 
Hon. Jefferson Davis, associated by Hon. A. II. Ste- 
phen.- and other Confederates. Then (lens. I!. E. Lee, 
Albert Sidney Johnston and others "describe" the 
battles. Admiral Franklin Buchanan describes the 
naval battles. 

Oh the engravings! They are to exceed one thou- 
sand in number. The "partial table of contents" is 
a stunner. It is represented under twenty-two dif- 
ferent heads. The author's patriotism t '! i has stirred 
him to the depths. " The publications of 'The Sol- 
dier- in our Civil War.' 'Harper's Pictorial History,' 
and 'The Pictorial Battles of the Civil War'— ' the 
three greatest ami most stupendous pictorial histories 
ever published in this or any other country — renders 
necessary a companion volume giving the Confederate 
side,'" etc. The author advertises himself as "more 
the master of the subject than any man living." He 
is a daisy. Don't forget that he will not let you vet- 
erans nor other people have this great book except by 
subscription, and at $s or $12. The pictures are old in 
the main, hut they were made North and will be re- 
printed there. 1 d'nl not intend to not ice further your 
enterprises lor enlighten ing the Confederate elements, 
not even to protest against the Washington Post's in- 
direct charge that the VETERAN, by its " sensat ional 
war stories,'' is " inferior" hut you are amusing. If 
you will he candid and tell how your marvelous 
hook will he published, the Veteran, which will not 
he put under a bushel, will print it gratis cordially. 

Ho he manly and see how much better you will feel. 
If you will send your politics to Kansas, ami demon- 
strate that you can turn the vilest of partisan pictures 
to good account, making them serve exactly the oppo- 
site purpose for which they were designed and made, 
you will have the fraternal regard of heroes. 



These are the two surviving children of Jeffi 
Davis. The elder, Mrs. Hayes, was born al the Na 
tional Capital, while her lather was Becretary "I" War. 
Shr is the wife of Joel Addison Hayes, who is a native 
of Mississippi, bul whose ancestors were of the oldest 
families of Nashville, which is now the home of his 
mother and sisters. Mr. and Mrs Hayes reside in 
Colorado Springs, Col. They have four children living. 
two each, daughters and sons. 

Miss Winnie Davis, horn near the close of the war, 
is everywhere known as "The Daughter of the Con- 
fedi racy." Both daughters honor their distinguished 

Cant. B. H. Teague, Aiken, s. C: Inclosed find 
postal note. This has been handed me by a worthy 
veteran who lost his arm while wearing the hhie at 
Jackson, Miss. 1 lenl him my Confederate Veterah 

and he wa- so well pleased that he desires nie 1 
you to send it lor the ensuing year. 

Col. 1 >. H. Ri \rk.. writing 

a. O. F. Strahl, killed al Franklin, says: Hi 
1 Hrst nut as students at the Ohio Wesleyan Univer- 
sity in 1851 or 1852, and we left there al the clos< of 
it in June, 1854. Prom thai time until 
his death we were more or less intimately acquainted. 
We read law in the office of Judge John W, Harris in 
Somerville, Tenn . and were admitted to the bar there 
in 1858. shortly after I went to Arkansas and he 
went to Dyersburg, Tenn., where be engaged in the 
practice of law until he entered the army in 1861. 
Gen. Strahl was one of the I 'est nun 1 ever knew. He 
was intelligent, true and brave. He was generous. 
\- such men always are, he was patriotic, and a true 
friend to his fellow-man. [ Both of these loyal South- 
ern men were horn in Ohio in 1 *:'._'.] 

Master Jefferson Hayes Davis, whose name was fit- 
tingly changed by legislative enactment, is a bright 
healthy lad ami proud of his ancestry. The father 
tribute for which the South should be mindful 

ndering his own name in the chain 


BY. B. II. T. 

You ask for a line about Blue ami Gray 
" Your rebel" has this to say. 
lie has fought hard in many a fray. 
And saw the lives of many pass away. 
Bine and i rrey. 

Bat with the lights oi the present day 
He wonders why the mighty array 
Was permitted for one's victory, the 

other's dismay, 
Why did we not the golden rule obey? 
Blue and (irav- 

Write and suggest names of pel 
sons who would like the Veteran. 



noon's < AMPAIGS is TENNBSS1 I ■ 

Every subscriber u> the Veteran, and every friend 
tn the cause espoused, n ho realizes the importance of 
true history, will be gratified by the great kindness of 
Mrs. W. I». Gale, daughter of General and Bishop 
Leonidas Polk, for the contribution of personal letters 
by her husband in connection with the eventful times 

in Tennessee during II I's campaign. Mrs. Galeis 

doing jusl as every patriot Bhould do in giving to the 
public, through this important channel, the facts as 
brought put by witnesses :it the time. Col. Gale was 
Adjutant General "I' Stewart's Corps. 

The entire letter is given, the references to family 
in which bare-footed children an- mentioned being 
given as illustrating vividly the situation at the time, 
as there was iml a family in the State whose condition 
had been better to feed and clothe the household than 
had been this. 

Headquarters Stewart's Corps, Near Tupelo, 
January 14. 1865. — My Darling Kate: Your dear let- 
ter of December 20th received and read with what 
avidity you can well imagine when you learn that the 

last I had received was of November 6th. lam glad to 

find you in Midi good spirits, ami hope you may bear 

up and keep well. 1 feel indignant when I hear thai 
Fanny and Dudley have nut had their shoes. How 
the little darlings must suffer from the biting cold! 
Now that we are to go into winter quarters I hope to 
be able to attend BOmewhat to your comforts, and 
will try and have some made them, but it will be BOme 
time yet before you will get them. 

1 wrote ymi a slmrt account of our battles in Mid- 
dle Tennessee and our flight from the State. I now 
give you some of the particulars in detail. After 
three weeks' preparation at Florence we finally 
crossed the Tennessee on the 20th of November and 
moved forward toward Mt. Pleasant. Gen. Thomas 
at that time had his army at Pulaski. When we got 
to Mt. Pleasant he had fallen back to Columbia. We 

got' to Columbia on the 26th and invested it. On the 

night ol' the 27th it was evacuated. On tin' 28th this 

and Cheatham's Corps began one of the finest moves 

of the war — in conception worthy of Stonewall Jack- 
son, and in execution feeble and disgraceful —to cross 
Duck River above Columbia, anil by a forced march 

overbad roads and through the woods and fields to 
strike the pike at Spring Hill, and cut Schofield off 
from Nashville or strike him in the Hank. The move 
made and all was a success up to the time of 
striking the enemy. We struck the pike at Spring 
Hill lU8t as the retreating enemy were moving by, 
completely surprising him. Put strange to say. we 
remained all night in sound of the voices of the men 
as they retreated in the greatest haste, and not a blow 
was Btruck, though orders were sent by Gen. I loud 

several times to attack at once. One time Gov. Har- 
ris himself carried the order to Gen. . Gen. 

Lee was left in Columbia to cross and attack in the 
rear. He failed to come up also, and thus Tennessee 
was lost. Gen. Stewart was ready and anxious to 
had his corps to the attack, but was not ordered, as 
the other was in front. The next morning we pushed 
forward in pursuit of the Hying column, the road 
strewn everywhere with the wreck of a Hying army. 

Wagons, just set on tire and abandoned, were saved 
from destruction. When we got near Franklin we 
found the enemy in line across the road two miles 
from town. Preparations were made to turn the posi- 
tion by a Bank movement, when the force fell back to 

their entrenchments mar the town. Preparations 

were made at once to assault the town. Franklin is 
in a bend of tin- Harpeth, and the enemy's line was a 
circle, each wing resting upon the river. 
It was one of the strongest places in tic world to de- 
fend. Our men went boldly up in the face of 20,000 
musket- and at least T< J pieces of artillery, many of 
the bands playing our favorite pieces. The enemy 
was easily driven from the front line and Bought 
safety behind the inner line, where his artillery was. 
( >ur line moved forward and closed around the enemy 
Poring on the right. French next, then Walthall, 
then Cleburne, linn Brown, then Pate. Johnston's 
Division — the only one of Pec's corps that was up — 
was held in reserve, and afterward was put in where 
Bate and Brown were. The fight was furious, and the 
carnage awful beyond anything I ever saw . ( >ur men 
were mowed down by what is called an enfilade and 
reverse fire, i.e., in the side and rear, in addition to 
that in front. The enemy fought with great despera- 
tion. Our men were Hushed with hope, pride, and 
ambition as they fought for Tennessee. They felt that 
the eyes of the men and women all over our country, 
as well as Tennessee, were upon them, and the Yankee 
Army which they had followed so long was before t hem. 

Wave. Munich! all thy banners wave. 
Ami charge with all thy chivalry! 

The chivalry of the South did charge, as bravely as 
they charged Agincourt or Cressy, and Marathon and 
Therinopylea were not more grandly fought than 
Franklin. Charge after charge was made. As last as 
one division was shattered and recoiled, another 
bravely went forward into the very jaw s of death, and 
came back broken and- blood v. again rallying quickly 
with their heroic officers, and again went forward to do 
what seemed impossible — or die. Such men a- Poring, 
Walthall. Adams, Cock rill, dates. Feat hers ton, Shelby, 
Reynolds. Cleburne, Strahl, <;ist, and others, should 
live in prose and poetry as long as the story of 
the war is written or read. No pen can do justice to 
the gallantry of these men. Walthall had two horses 
shot dead under him. The field was covered with the 
wounded and the death The enemy's line had been 
crossed in one or two places, but no man who went 
over was ever known to return. Many hundreds lay 
all night in the ditch separated from the enemy by 

the thickness of the embankment. * While 

the officers were collecting the scattered ami broken 

ranks I went with Gen. Stewart to Gen. II I's head- 
quarters. He had determined to renew the attack in 
the morning. The plan was that all our artillery - 
100 pieces— which had been brought up, was to open 

on them at daylight, and at 9 the whole army was 
to assault the works. You may well think it was a 
bitter prospect lor our poor fellows. We rode up to a 
part of the enemy's line, which we still held, to place 
Strahl's brigade in position, when I was struck by the 
stillness in the enemy's works, and asked the officer 
nearest me if the enemy had not gone. He said that 
they had, as some of his men had been down and 
found no one there. Further examination convinced 
me of the fact, and I rode back to our camp-fire, and 
just as day was dawning I dismounted, wet, weary, 


hungry, and disheartened, telling Gen. Stewart that 
Schofield was gone. A half-hour's rest, do! sleep, mi 
the wet ground and I got up, drank a cup of coffee 
and went to my daily work. I rode over the field 
early in the day, before the details winch I had or- 
dered, had begun to bury the dead. It was awful! 
The ditch at the enemy's line— on the right and left 
of the pike — was literally filled with dead bod 
lying across each other, in all unseemly deformity of 
violent 'hath. Gen. Adams lode his horse upon I 
brenst- works and both horse and rider fell tb< 
Cleburne was thirty yards in front of his division 
when he tell, shot through the heart. But I am tired 

of the sickening details, and you all must I"', too. 

You can Bee our dreadful loss from published accounts. 

I have now one more scene to paint, one more story 
to tell you. and 1 am done. 1 wish 1 had a pen to do 
justice to tin- subject, tor in all the annals of this war. 
tilled as it i- with the great and noble deeds of great 
and noble men and women, none exceed and fi w 
lal in true merit the noble sympathy of Mr-. John 
McGavock (Miss Winder'. When day dawned we 
found ourselves near her house in her lawn — which 
was in the reai of our line. The bouse l- the 

large old-fashioned country houses of the betti 
in Tennessee, tfl - nigh, with many room- and 

every arrangement for comfort. This was taken ac 
hospital, ami the wounded in hundred- were brought 
to it during the battle, and all the night after. Even 
room was filled, every bed had two). ling fel- 

lows, every -pare space, niche and corner, under the 
stairs, in the hall, everywhere hut one room tor her 
and family. And when the noble old house could 
hoi. 1 no move, the yard was appropriated until the 
wounded and dead filled that, and all were not yet 

provided for. < lur doctors were deficient in I 'a ml a: 
ami -he began by giving her old linen, then her 
towel- ami napkins, then her sheets and I ths, 

and then her husband's shirts ami her own in 

its. During all tin- time the surgeons plied 
their dreadful work amid the sighs and moans and 

death-rattle. Vet, amid it all, this noble woman, the 
y impersonation of Divine sympathy ami tender 
pity, was active ami constantly at work. During all 
tie night neither she nor any one of her househ 
slept, hut dispensed tea and coffee and such stimu- 
lant- as she had. and that. too. with her own hands. 
unaffrighted by the sight of blood, unawed by horrid 
wounds, unblanched by ghastly death, she walked 
from room to room, from man to man, her very skirts 
Stained in blood, the incarnation of pity and mercy. 
1- it strange that all who wire there praise her and 
call her blessed? About nine in the morning she 
t for us — General ami staff- ami gave us a nice. 
warm breakfast, and a warmer welcome. The brother 
of one of my clerks • McReady i was very badly wounded, 
and then in her house. I bespoke her kind attention. 
which she gave till he died. 

Manx v. ars ago 1 was in tic same house, and in the 
sane room, on a visit. < In one side of the tire sat the 

father of Mrs. McGavock, then an old man. lie 
nidi particularly glad to see me. ami told me that 
he was a soldier in the w.n of 1812, and was at the 
battle of New Orleans. When on his way hack the 
troop- marched by the plantation of my grand- 
father Green, below Katchez, ami his regiment was 
entertained by him and furnished with milk in great 
quantities. 11<- spoke of the gratitude of the men. 

There wen- beeves killed also, and a great treat given 
them. Is it not strange- that after fifty years a de- 
scendant of that generous man should receive hospi- 
tality on a bloody field of battle from a descendant of 
tin' tired and hungry soldier? 

I will leave the balance of the campaign for future 

\"t a drum was In ard, nor a funeral i 
A- - we liurrii .1 ; 

Not ■< -.;.! i. r tire. I :t farewell shot 

v e buried. 
The Generals were buried at Ashwood Cemetery. 


Ill N OMAN. 

During the dark days in the last year of the % 
war t..r Southern Independence, the diet • suf- 

fering throughout the South tiie ps, no parallel 

in history. With nciliatorj 

from the general Government, and our afflicted people 
turned to their work with sorrowful hut determined 
hearts, feeling confident that tl brave 

men who ha. I fought would he 

fully respected liut the carpet-bag thieves who in- 

the en- - h had I 
none for the live- it the 

honor and virtue of | - were 

doomed at this period to such painful experiei ■ 
fell t>> the fate of Arkat 

In a most valual ntertain i tied. 

'•Tin' Brooks ami TV of the l,\ ■ 

i notion Period in Ark black and 

murderous record of the carpel in that State 

i.- for tin- first tun. put in lasting shape and placed be- 
lie peoph. I ii. aul hor of tin- book i- ' ii n. John 
M Harrell, of Hot Springs, at present Brigadiei ■ 
eral commanding the United Confederate Vet< 
for the Southern' Disti 

m, and passii • - that par- 

alyzed th - ' and drenched it with 

the blood of u- people, it i irly fortunatt 

Arkansas that Gen. Harrell has rescued from oblivion 
these important I iiortly must have 

> for want of proper attention. Mis 
work was um intervals during a laborious 

life, and so w ritten ' Localise it had to b( one 

else would undertake it." It should he in the hands 
of every patriotic citizen of Arkansas, and t 1 
student' of history will want it. The hook i^ i 
fully and forcibly written. 

In the light of tl - therein presented, a more 

unprincipled villain ne Arkansas with his 

citizenship than Powell Clayton, the prince of carpet- 

ore the war he was a pro-slavery Demo- 

me a federal officer during the war. and 

afterward the "black Republican" Governor of Arkan- 

self-installed by means of the most outrageous 
measures of undisguised fraud and force. He 
native of Pennsylvania horn in 1833), and afterward 
lived in Delaware. In 1855 he emigrated to K 
and in 1862 he turned up in Helena. Ark., at the head 

regiment of Federal cavalry. He went into that 

with ''a sword in one hand and a torch in the 

other." After semiring th. ' Governor, with a 

gang of thieves, hacked up by their negro soldiers, he 

proceeded to roh the people and State hy every mean- 


which he could devise and execute. \\\> spacious 
home, at that time on a ridge overlooking the Arkansas 
r, was known as the " Robber's Roost." 

In January, 1869, the Louisville Courier-Journal pub- 
lished a letter over the nom di plum* of "A Fair-minded 
Carpet-bagger," which contained these statements: "I 

served with Gov. Clayl luring the war. I was born 

in Massachusetts, was educated at Harvard, and bave 
always been a Republican. I voted for Fremont, twice 
for Mr. Lincoln, and recently for Gen. I .rant, for Presi- 
dent. My purpose give a lair not inn <>l' the con- 
dition ol affairs in Arkansas. That condition is ter- 
rible. Nothing like it exists this side of the Cretan 

islands. Comi i i very-day events remind me of the 

of Warren Hastings, in India, or of Mustapha 
Asaph, in < freece." 

His acts of oppression and cruelty have made his 
namea6tench in the nostrils of all Arkansians, and 
it will remain odious for all time to come. Among 
the many bloody murders committed by his hirelings 
and supporters was that of an old man by the name 
of Hooper, who was tied to his horse and shot dead 
at Plummersville. Strange to say that at this same 
place, where old man Hooper was so foully murdered, 
Clayton's brother, John M. < llayton, was himself mur- 
dered only a few years ago. In order to carry out his 
schem livided the State into three military dis- 

tricts, and placed them under martial law. Then fol- 
lowed scenes of bloodshed and murderous executions 
in all pan- of the State. The most respected citizens 
were dragged from their families and openly murdered, 
and that without cause or form of trial. His negro 
militia ran riot, an I women were outraged in the very 
presence of their helpless husbands! Relief only came 

to tin- suffering | pie when Clayton was elected to 

i In- United States Senate, many good Democrats voting 
for him as Senator in order to rid the State of his 
presence a- Governor, knowing that as Senator he 
would at once sink into utter insignificance. 

Gov. Elisha Baxter succeeded Clayton, and he had 

hardly taken his seal before one Joseph Brooks, a rev- 

i hypocrite and scoundrel, who lived in Helena, 

ami who had opposed Baxter for Governor, declared 

himself elected and forcibly took possession of the 

House. In thiscontest ••tie- Brooks and Baxter 
war" was brought on, and the State was still further 
disgraced. Knowing that Baxter had been madeGov- 

ernor by ( llayton, many g 1 citizens supported Brooks 

in this infamous contest, believing in his protestations 
of reform, and knowing his then bitter hatred of 
Clayton. Fortunately for the state. Brooks was finally 
overthrown and Baxter, the rightful Governor, took 

it. Brooks would have I □ as unscrupulous as 

Clayton, and would have taken up reconstruction 
where the latter left off. W. L. Stephenson, of Helena, 
figured as one of the judges during Clayton's rule. 
Baxter was undoubtedly the best man for the people 
that the Republicans could have furnished. His final 
opposition to the monstrous bond scheme, by which 
the State was plunged into ilebt. lo-t for him the sup- 
port of ( llayton ami his gang. 

Ihe days of carpel bag rule in Arkansas will always 
recall painful recollections in the hearts of our people 
who passed through that fearful time. Gen. Harrel] 
has performed an inestimable sendee to Hie people 

and State by his faithful record of that black period 
in the history of the state. 


a V i AIT. HKN. m'i ri lo, ii HOED, wmiviiii., i i:\\. 

IB- was an Irishman by birth and a blacksmith by 
trade, but gave up his bellows and tongs to follow his 
gallant countryman, Gen. Pat Cleburne, into the Con- 
federate Army, and become a gunner in a battery that 
was organized (?) by that peerless soldier. In many 
of his characteristics Mike was strikingly like hi- 
Captain. Though possessed of a rich vein of Irish 

ml humor, he did not have that volatile, bub- 
bling overflow of spirit SO natural to his peopli 
the contrary he was quiet, and rather retiring in his 
disposition, even to apparent timidity. His only form 
of dissipation was tobacco. 1 well remember his dirty 
little coo pipe, black with age and tobacco, with a Mem 

of the same Color and from the same causi S, not three 

inches long. Every old soldier who saw much active 
service in the Held, in thinking of the close places he 
has passed through, will recall vividly the sunburnt 
fa e mil form of some comrade, friend or acquint 
conspicuous for his courage, brave when- all were 
braves, hut he the bravest of them all. In tin- 
dear old lion hearted Mike Kelly always appeal- to 

me. With the courage of a game cock, the i 

of a woman, and a sunny temperament, he was i 
able companion, and when by your side in uction 
made you feel as if you had two right amis a 
double pair of eye,-. Il is not. however, to -peak of 

In- courage, but some ludicrous incidents that hap- 
pened to him after he "jined the cavalry," that I write. 
Mike was torn nearly in two by a canister shot at 
Shiloh, and as soon as he was able to stand the journey 
his surgeon sent him home to Helena, Ark., to die, 
which Mike, with an Irishman's perversity, refused to 
do, hut which he explained to me afterward in a half 
apologetic tone for not doing, that the shot didn't 
damage his " in 'an Is." It, however, incapacitated him 
for serviic in the infantry, and as the yankees by that 
time had the river as far down as Vicksburg, lie 
not well get back to his old command, so he reluc- 
tantly joined the cavalry. I say reluctantly because 
while he knew every hour ami nerve in a horse's 
and was perfectly at home when he had that article 
between his knee- tacking on a shoe, put him on a 
horse'8 back and he was as helpless as a new-horn babe. 
I doubt if he was ever on a horse a half dozen times 
in his life he lo re he joined ( 'apt. Ruf. Anderson's com- 
pany of scouts, of Col, Dobbins' Regiment and Walk- 
er'- Brigade of Arkansas Cavalry, of which I was at 
that time a member. Seeing him one day shortly 
after he had joined hesitate on the hank of a little 
stream as if debating with himself which would be 

wiser, to ride across or to get down and wade ami i ad 

his horse, I called out to him, "Grip him with your 

knees, Mike, and your back will keep dry." "Grip 
him with me knase. is it," he replied: '■thin h' jim- 
miiiy I'll wade, for I'm as how legged as a barrel hoop; 
its me grub and not me hack 1 want to kape dry." 
(apt. Anderson was a superb horseman, having 

spent many years of his life on the frontier of Texas. 
He could perform all the tricks in the saddle thai are 

common to the cowboys of the present day, such as 

" - ping down " and picking from the ground his hat, 

six shooter, glove or handkerchief, wdth his horse at 
full speed. The freipient encounters his company had 
with the cavalry of the enemy made him pretty well 
known and much sought after by them, and through 


the citizens they had obtained not only a good descrip- 
tion of him, but also knowledge of bia dexteril 
rider. < >n one occasion our seoute reported thai a tor- 
aging train was coming out from Helena, escorted by 
only a squadron of cavalry. Wetherly, our First 
Lieutenant, was in command of our troop that day, 
Anderson being absent; and as "the old man" never 
lost :m opportunity to pick a fU6s or make a Gght, in 
or "ut of the army, we wore soon in the saddle and on 
<>ur way to strike the escort of the P We were 

considerably outnumbered, but Wetherly tb 
that if he would dismount part of Ids men, place 
them in ambush, and when they opened tire on the 
blue coats charge with his mounted men on their rear, 
the advantage of the surprise would about even the 
thing up. So part of us weir dismounted, Mike and 
I of the number, and were placed in a dense thickel 
not more than twenty parrs from the road. The Fed- 
eral column so, ,n rode in. and at the word, "Fire!' 1 
tin thicket blazed, and at the Bame time Wetherly 
charged, as he thought, on their rear with his mounted 
men. A Dumber Ol horses and men went down from 
our lire, and the head of the Federal column was 
thrown into confusion, hut only for a moment, lor we 
had struck the Fifth Kansas, commanded by Maj 

Sam Walker, a- good body of cavalry and as brave an 

officer as thru- was iii the Federal Army. At com- 
mand they wheeled and formed, fronting the thicket, 
and charged in the face of our second - \t the 

same time a yell distinctively yankee and a heavy 
discharge of carbines further down the road to our 
right told us as plain as if we had Been it that Weth- 
erly had wedged himself between the advance guard 
and main column of the enemy. At this unexp 
turn in affairs, with nothing but our six shooters to 
hold back bui h odd- we did not have time to reload 
our trims — it did not take long to determine what to 
do. "Fall back to your horses," was the order, and 
we fell. Mike and [ were together. Partly on account 
of his old wound, hut mostly. I think, on account of 
his contentious disposition under such circumstam i b, 
lie was the poorest runner 1 ever saw, and when we 

reached our horse holder he was mounted, the others 
gone, and. throwing the reins to us. he followed in hot 

haste. 1 was in my saddle instantly. Mike was not 
so fortunate. His horse, a loDg, lank old bay, as thin 
as a rail, excited by the shouting, shooting ami run- 
ning, was plunging viciously around in the brush, 
draging Mike, who was pawing the air with first one 
foot and then the other in fruitless efforts to catch the 
stirrup, at the -ame time keeping up a continuous 
string of comments upon the situation generally, in- 
terspersed with hits of ad\ ice t,, me and curses at his 
horse, such as "Give'm a taste of your shouting, boy; 
whoa, you d n old Look at the blue devils how they 
-warm. What ad — n fool old Wetherly was -truck 
'em in the middle. Divil take the cavalry service. 
Woah '. " In the meantime the Yankees. I'm, ling noth- 
ing in front of them, were coming on as fist as the 
nature,,!' the ground would admit, Bring at random, 
for the hushes were SO thick they could not see till 
feet in front. Although expecting to show a clean 
pair of heels to the enemy, I had instinctively drawn 
afresh pistol from my holster w hen I mounted, and, 
according to Mike's advice, was using it to the best 
advantage 1 could, at the -ame time watching his cir- 
cus performance and inwardly praying that it would 
come to a speedy close, or both of us would he either 

killed or captured in a half minute more. I couldn't 
leave him. for he had more than once stood between 
me and "the other shore." and to leave him now 
would show rank ingratitude and cowardice." "Turn 
him Loose, Mike, ami jump up behind me. it's our 
chance," I yelled, and at that instant the front line of 
Yankees burst through the thicket into the open woods 
within thirty steps of us. "Bang, bang, hang' halt! 
halt ' surrender' surrender! " they called out. 1 turned, 
to pick up Mike if possible, and take my chance run- 
ning, just in time to see hi- horse lunge forward, and 
lying like a sack of meal crosswise in the saddle, 
with one hand clutched in the male about midway 

k. My first impression was that he had )■• 
-let. ami 1 ■ • him wiggh- hi- leg over 

his blanket, which was strapped to in- and 

lighten up. Our horses wi i at racing speed, 

ami Mike was doing some wonderful riding. Neither 
foot was in a stirrup, and he showed no partiality 
any particular place to sit. Every time his old ho 
made a jump Mike would come down on him u 
different place— behind tie cant li 
the pummel cm hi- neck, then back again, up one side- 

d down the cither lie literally rode the old hay 

from his ears to bis tail A fallen tree Mont of 

us, both horses took the leap at tin 1 same time, and 
Mike disappeared on tie- far side of h Gone 

this time sure. [ thought, but the next instant, ba 
headed, he bounced hack on top. Our pursuers, not 
liking to follow us too far in the woods, tired a parting 
volley of lead and curses at us, pulled up. and a hun- 
dred yards oi ber we run into our own scattered 
squad that had halted and reformed. An hour la! 
Wetherly, having gotten the compai we 
were pegging away at tin rear of tin Federal column 
surely fell hack into Helena, having senl 
their well loaded wagons on in front. I stopped a 
moment to get a drink of water the 
I ■ derals had ju-i left. The old man had a Bon in our 
company, and was very anxion- to hear the news of 
tic -kinin-h. "I tell you thev lighty Ql 

getting ('apt. Anderson, he said, after learning that 
his hoy wa- all right. " How's that." I a-ked : "Ander- 
son wasn't in the skirmi-h at all." 
that yankee Captain that just left here said he rode 
right on Anderson, knew il wa- him from his riding, 
never saw BUch devilish line riding in his hi 
played along in front of him cutting up all kinds of 
antics on his horse, and if he hadn't been afraid that 
he was doing it just to decoy him into another am- 
hush he could have caught him." I knew at 01 

that Mike's remarkable performances had been taken 

for Anderson's skill. The story wa- too good to keep, 
and no one enjoyed it more than ('apt. Anderson. 
When the hoys run it on Mike, however, he replii 
" It's all right, me lads, hut there's no danger "f any of 
you blackguards ever being mistook for your betl 

Mike did not have to wait long, however, before he 
had his " inings" on our friend- in blue, though he 
did not come cut a- scarleoe as in the scrape just men- 
tioned. Our pickets reported a body of Federal cav- 
alry advancing toward I, arrange from Helena, mi the 
St. Francis road. The regiment was badly scattered, 
having to picket some twelve or fifteen miles of coun- 
try, hut at the sound of" hoots and saddle" a hundred 
and ten or fifteen men "fell in," and. with the (o|,, nil 
at our head, we went trotting through l.a(i range to mi 
the enemy. Some two or three miles below the litl 


village the road run.- through one of those large planta- 
tions common in that section, with a high, .-till' rail 

fence on either side. In the w Is just at tin- end of 

this lane there was a heavy growth of young paw- 
paws. Dismounting Wetherly, who had meanwhile 
been promoted t<> a captaincy, with thirty live or forty 
■ if hi- men, had them placed along the road with 
instructions t<> open on the enemy as soon a- they 
came up. The Colonel took the rot of the command, 
skirted the plantation, and came to tin' lam- a half 
inili- lower down. We had scarcely reached this posi- 
tion and formed before Wetherly's guns opened. We 
Bwung by fours out in the lane, ami with a yell went 
at them under lull -peed. Col. Dobbins and (apt. An- 
derson, the hitter's company being in front, leading 
the charge on the right and left of the column. The 
road was a- open and level as a billiard table, and 
every man was driving the steel into his horse. The 
rear companies of tin- Federal squadron promptly 
wheeled to meet us, and poured a steady fire from 
their carbines on us as we came up. I happened to 
be one of the first fours, and was within a few feel of 
tin- Coloml when I saw him glance over his shoulder, 
slacken his speed somewhat, throw up his hand and 
call to (apt. Anderson, " Let the column close up!" 
At the rate we had been coming we were necest 
badly strung out. ami tin- federals wen standing solid 
the entire road not Beventy-five yards from us. 
1 hail half turned my head to look back when, like a 

red streak, a trouper dashed by me. There was no 
mistaking tin- rider. The rein- were flying loose, the 

old horse's hlood was up. and SO was Mike's. lie 
couldn't have stopped him if he would, and he 
wouldn't if he could, for "charge" to Mike meant "go 
in." whether there was one man or one thousand at 
his hack. He was drawing his gun as he passed, a 

double barrel Bhot-gun loaded with buckshol and hall, 
and by the way. the best gun that cavalry can have 
for close quarters. "Cavalry are of no service in ac- 
tion unless they do come to close quarters.) 1 had 
only time to see him, when the Colonel again gave 

tie- order to charge. The delay was only a fracti I 

part of a Becond, hut .Mike was then flying fifty yards 
in front of US. r saw two puffs of smoke fly over bis 
bead, and be disappeared in the cloud. The next in- 
we were "mixing with 'm." as Gen. Forrest 
aid. The action was sharp and fierce, 
the federals using the sahre and we sixshooters. It 
was too hot to last long. Their rear gave way. we 
v.eni through, joined Wetherly, and never gave them 

time to reform until they had been driven inside of 
their lilies. ] was hurrying hack to the place when I 

had la.-t seen Mike, when I came upon our surgeon 

ng into a poor fellow after a hall, and inquired if 

he had found Mike's body. "Yes." "Dead.'" "No, 

bul wounded, and he's in the ambulance on ahead.' 

I didn i have an opportunity to see Mike until s e 

tin* after midnight. I found him, with others. 

hed on some straw in a ham t had been con- 
verted into a hospital. His head was swathed in 
bandages,and looked as big as a half bushel. His face 
was so swollen he could not see, and the poor fellow 

w as delirious. 

From the surgeon I learned that Mike had marched 
a couple of pris irs up to him, Baying, "Take charge 

of 'm. Hoe," when he keeled over at his feet with an 

empty sixshooter in his hand. An examination 
■ showed that his head had been terribly beaten, the cuts 

were to the >kull in live different places. I afterward 
learned from Mike, as soon as he was able to see and 

suck his coli pipe, that after emptying hi- gun he did 
not have time to draw his pistol before he was w. 
in the Federal column, ami clubbing his gun lie was 
"knocking the spalpeens" right ami left, when some 
"dirty blackguard" struck him over the head, knock- 
ing him from hi- horse. In falling he was caught be- 
tween the horses of a couple of Federals, his arms 
pinned to his Bides as the horses were crowded to- 
gether, and the last he remembered their riders were 
beating a tatt in his head. When he recovered con- 
sciousness he was lying in the timber, and two federal 
soldiers standing close by undecided whether to try to 
escape or surrender. Mike decided the matter for 
them. Struggling to liis feet and taking a pistol from 
the ground, having lost his own. douhtlcss. in his 
tumble, In- promptly ordered them to throw up their 
hands, which they did. and were marched back as 
above stated. Neither Mike nor his prisoner- knew 
at the time that the pistol he pointed at them was 

Mike was a favorite with the Colonel, who. like the 
reel of us, would occasionally joke him about his rid- 
ing. Shortly after these incidents, when Mike was 
able to crawl out and sun himself, the Colonel passed 
by and began to rig him about letting his horse run 
awa\ in the charge and carry him into the yankee 

"Run away, is it." said Mike. "Och, Colonel, its 
yourself that's fond of a joke. Now when we swung 
into the lane and you Ordered US to charge, if ye had 
just tipped me a wink and -aid, 'Mike. I don't mean 
it: I'm only joking.' my head would he a- sound as 
yours this minute." The laugh wa- on the Colonel, 
and he joined in it heartily. 

The story of Mike Kelly is longer than was intended, 
yet this is hardly a beginning of the many stories that 
seem fitting while writing of him. He actually mad) 
a cannon by a process of rings, and welding them suc- 
cessively, and with it he fired on a government trans- 
port containing the pay for Hanks' army. 

Lakeland. Fla., Oct. L6, 1893.— My last messmati 
fell iii the battle of franklin. When we buried him 
we placed at the head of his grave a plain wooden 
slab, with this inscription, "W. J. Edgar, Co. H., 5th 
Trim. Reg." In a printed list of Confederate dead 
interred in McGavock Cemetery, I see his name is \v. 
.1. Egar, the "d" being omitted. Will some kind 
friend make the correction on the stone? 

.1. M. Fraser, Morgan city. La.: I wa- one of tie 

youngest soldiers in the < 'on I'c 'derate Army. 1 icing onl\ 

en years old when 1 started as bugler in a C 

pany Ol independent rangers in Texas. I like the 

Veteb \\ because it speaks the truth, and I shall have 
all of the copies hound, so that my children can read 
them. 1 belong to the Berwick Camp. 1 havespoken 
to the editor of tin Independent Democrat to mention 

the V ETERAN in his paper, and he w ill do SO. 

Billy Blatter, Winchester, Tenn.: Now you know I 
am an old and practical printer, and I am persuaded 
that you will have to increase the price or lose money. 

Skitter will not take advantage of your oiler to accept 
fifty cents for a renewal, hut will send you one dollar, 
ami I want all the rest to do likewise. 



A history of the Maryland Line Confederate Home 
is now in press at Baltimore. The Veteran has ad- 
vance prooi sheets, and makes liberal extracts. The 
'•"Id United States Arsenal," of which there is a brief 
account, covers an area about equal to two Bquaree in 
a city, and, furnished as it is. entitles it to considera- 
tion as "the best soldiers' home in the United States:" 

Thai there was a division of sentiment in Maryland 
upon the causes which led to the war between the 
States ii" one will deny, yel the large preponderance 
of public opinion was heartily in favor of the cause 
of the South. Maryland. L»y reason of her geograph- 
ical location, close commercial interests with the to- 
bacco and cotton-raising States, similarity of institu- 
tions and intimate BOCial and natural relations with 
the people south of the Potomac, was emphatically b 
Southern State, notwithstanding it had come to be 
classed with that division of the country lying north 
of the Potomac and south of New England called the 
Middle States. Of the same ancestry, prevailing cus- 
toms and ha hits, and do- eh welded by internum 
together with the memories ol the past Btruggle of the 
c Monies in the French and Indian wars, and of the 
free and independent states which determined to 
throw off allegiance to Great Britain and King G* 
— with the same views ol the character ol the Federal 
Union, and the rights and privileges which were re- 
served to the state- under the Constitution of 1789, it 
Would have been unnatural to have found her people 
engaging in a fratricidal war ol desolation and inva- 
sion of those communities, to which she was so bound 
by historic and sympathetic ties. 

The conservatism of her people misled pome to in- 
dulge the hope that what was popularly called the 
"loveofthe Union" would overcome the considera- 
tions of honor and the associations of years of com- 
mon struggle and danger ; but such conceptions were 

as unfounded as they were insulting to the maul 1 

and integrity of her people. The right of self-gov- 
ernment had. on this continent, no firmer supporters 
and defenders than in Maryland. 

Allusion is only made to these circumstanot 
explain why it i- that we have here in Maryland— 
a State that was not "out of the Union" — a home for 
Confederate soldiers. Her sons were in the Confed- 
eracy, the hearts of her women were there, and the 
great body of her people were in sylnpathy with the 
cause oi' constitutional government, 

A- a border community in a sectional quarrel, this 
feeling could not be unanimous. 'There were some 
who were loyal to the Union, and this minority, ob- 
taining control by reason of the bayonets of the Fed- 
eral power, gave the weight of state authority to their 
claims, ami we find Maryland regiments and Mary- 
land batteries Maryland at least in name,) respond- 
ing to the call of the Federal President, .It 

is conceded that there were those who 1 10 nest ly SU] >- 
ported the national authority, and the brilliant record 
of Maryland soldiers who "wore the blue" is cher- 
ished and prized as the common glory ><( the State 
by none more dearly than those of her sons who 
" wore the gray." As in the days of the Stuarts, the 
hearts of the loyalists were "o'er the water with 
Charlie. " SO was it in Maryland. Her body hound 
and shackled, her heart was unchained, and her sym- 

pathies were with the followers of Lee and Jackson 
beyond the Potomac. * A prominent officer, 

after inspection of the records of the office ol the 
Adjutant-General of the army in Richmond, esti- 
mated that tlea, 20,000 Marylanders in the 
service of the Confederate States lie organizations 
officially recognized as from Maryland were as fol- 
low-: Firsl and Second Maryland Infantry, First and 
d Maryland Cavalry, First Andrews and De- 
ment), Second Baltimore Light . Third (Latrobe), 
Fourth (Chesapeake), Maryland Artillery. Their ag- 
gregate strength was some 1,000 men. with tl 
ception of the last named battery, which served with 
distinguished honor with the army in the West, it is 
enough to say, in the language ol Gen. Ewell, refer- 
ring to the Hret Maryland Infantry: "The history 
of the First Maryland Infantry is the history of the 
valley campaign;" the history of the Army ot North- 
ern Virginia cannot be written without giving the 
history of these commands "( the Maryland Fine. 

From the early days ol the war. from Manasas to 
Malvern Hill, from the valley to Gettysburg, from 
the d< \ ppomattox, w a- their 

valor and efficiency conspicuous. 

From the beginning at Harper's Fei ry, in '61, t< 
end at Appomattox, in '63, they maintained the same 
high character and bearing, and the record ot their 

deeds, the icputation of their commanders of Buch- 
anan and Hollins. of Trimble, Flzey. Winder. Stuart, 
Johnson, Herbert. Rid iwn, Gilmor, Ant 

Wm. I'.roun. and Breathed, are held in veneration 
and affection by all familiar with the military history 
of the Confederacy, and have made for Maryland a 
name equal if not above other name- in the admira- 
tion of a heroic people. 

The State of Maryland can well be proud of it- 
of the Maryland Fine of 1861 ways 

been of their forefather-- of the Revolution and the 
subsequent war- of [812 ami with M« sico An hon- 
orable, brave people are Q< their vet- 
eran soldier-, ami the fact that the Federal 

ment ha- ously provided for those of lei sons 

who wore the blue but make more pronounced the 
obligation of our Mother State to e;ire for their unfor- 
tunate brothers who. in ragged gray jackets, repre- 
sented Iter in the Confederate ranks: and. to their 
honor be it said, in this pious purpose the Union citi- 
zen^ ot' the State have been willing and earnest in 

their co-operation. 
Sad indeed w a- the heart of the poor Maryland l 

federate, alter the days of Appomattox — the cai 
which he had devoted hi- best years, and for which he 
had so freely risked his lite and shed his blood, had 
failed — as the ?ad good-bye was spoken to associates. 

The Association of the Maryland Fine was fori 
in 1880, to assist the disabled and the destitute. 
There was already in existence the Society of the 
Army and Navy oi' the Confederate state- in Mary- 
land, which was organized in 1871, shortly after the 
death of Gen. Fee, and it was not proposed to in- 
croach upon, or to displace this organization, bu1 
to cherish it a- the parent society, or center of Con- 
federate influence and work. Under the direction of 
Gen. Bradley T. Johnson, and largely aided by his 
material assistance, the Association of the Maryland 
Fine made up a fairly complete roster of the various 
Maryland organizations. In this work they were 
largely aided by the courtesy of the War Department 



in permitting acre-.- to Bucb muster rolls as were found 
in the records of the Adjutant-General's office at Rich- 
mond, and which were removed to Washington al the 
close of the war. 

Under the auspices of the Society of the Army and 
Navy of the Confederate States in Maryland, was 
held in Baltimore, in 1885, a most successful bazaar, 
the proceeds of which, -nun- 131,000, were being de- 
voted to the care of indigent Confederates and the 
burial of the dead. Through the medium of this 
fund, and the contributions of generous friends, t ti< ■ 
duty of ministering to the wants of the unfortunate 
was faithfully performed, but as the years rolled on it 
became painfully apparent that the means at hand 
aot equal to the i ency, and that the appli- 

cations sterna were far beyond the ability to 

It was ascertained that a Dumber of thesi 
lant old soldiers were finding refuge in the alms- 
houses of the State, and not a few, instances came to 
light of the burial of dead in the unhallowed graves 
of Potter's Fields. After careful consideration, it was 
determined to make an effort to establish a Soldiers' 
Home in Maryland, and to ask that the property 
known as the Pikesville Arsenal be devoted to that 
purpose. To thi- memorial the General Assembly 
gave ready ear and took prompt affirmative action, 
and in February, 1888, this property was given by the 
State to the Association of the Maryland him- for the 

purpose indicated, and an approprial ion of $5 000 pet 
annum was voted lor the repair of the property and 
maintenance of the Home. This property was singu- 
larly adapted to the purpose by reason of the charac- 
ter of the building and convenience of location. 

During, or shortly alter, the Confederate war was 
over, the arsenal was abandoned as a military post. 
and in 1880 the Federal Government relinquished the 
game to the State of Maryland. The commandant in 

I860, just preceding the commencement of the war. 
was thai distinguished soldier, Major, afterward Lieut.- 
Gen. Huger. The State, after taking possession of 

the property, made no practical use of it: in fact, it 
was an item of expense for several year-, by reason 
of the salary of a custodian. No repairs had I. .'en 
placed on the property for a period of some twenty 

■and lie- condition at the time of the transfer to 
the care of the Maryland Line was little short of that 
of a ruin. Work was at once commenced to rest 
from this Bad plight in April. 1888, and in June, the had -o far progressed as to admit of the 
formal opening and dedication. Appropriate exer- 

were held, with a large attendance of citizens 
from Baltimore and the neighboring country. Every 
year since reunions and like celebrations have taken 
e, which have been frequently attended by dis- 
tinguished Confederate., many of whom have been 
prominent in the national councils of the country. 
The administration of the Home rest- with a Board 

of i rover S of the Association of the Maryland Line. 

[a nn. ler the immediate supervision of a Hoard of 
Managers, v, ho are largely aided in their duties by the 
labors of ■■< Board of Visitors, which is made up of 
well-known ladies, who give the benefit of their coun- 
sel, and are untiring in their efforts in caring for the 
sick and ministering to their wants. The command 
of the Home is intrusted to a superintendent, Mr. W. 
II. Pope, a gallant soldier of the Maryland Line, who, 
with his devoted wife, have faithfully given their en- 
tire service to the institution. 

It was determined from the tir-t to make the insti- 
tution in fact what it was in name— a home for those 
who Bought it* sheltering care- and this view « 
held in the furnishing of the room-, and the rules 
enacted for the government of the inmates. These 

la-t have been framed BO a- to insure the least re- 
straint possible with the maintenance ol proper dis- 
cipline and decorum. The separate buildings have 
been named after distinguished Maryland t Confederate 
soldiers, or Bailors, and tin room- have been furnished 

a- memorials by the friends or relatives of sonic loved 
one who gave hi- life for the cause, or who was con- 
spicuous foi' his gallantry or devotion. These rooms 

have 1 n furnished in a substantial manner with 

many of the comforts and elegancies found in private 
homes, and at an estimated cost of $10,000, which ex- 
pense has been defrayed by the generous friends un- 
dertaking this important and interesting feature. As 
a result, the management have been relieved almost 
entirely of the great expense incident to the furnish- 
ing of the Home, ami their mean- made available for 
the necessary repair- of the property and the purchase 
of proper equipment ami supplies required by an in- 

st it ution Of this character. 

The State has continued to make appropriation, 
which, supplemented by generous private contribu- 
tions, both in money ami material, have enabled the 
management to maintain the high standard of com- 
fort orignally had in view, and, at the same time, there 
has been due regard to proper economy. 

The total admissions, from the opening in June, 
1888, to December 1. I893,.a period of nearly live and 

a half year-, have been 139. Of this number twenty- 
seven have died, three have been suspended or other- 
wise discharged ; the number now borne on the roster 
is 109. 

The library is supplied with many valuable ami in- 
teresting books and periodicals, the gift of friends, and 
many newspapers regularly mail their i-sues without 

The total receipts of the Home to September 130, 
1893, were $37,620.40, and the expenses $38,195, leav- 
ings deficit as of the above date, $574:60. Of the re- 
ceipts, the state of Maryland has contributed $27,500, 
ami the remainder is the result of private subscrip- 
tions and the proceeds of entertainments, held at va- 
rious times in tin' interest of the 11, .me. Included in 
the item of expenses is the sum of $8,118.42, the e,,-t 
,,f repair- to the property. 

Here will be found a noble charity, creditable to the 

honor of our State ami the public Spirit of our citi- 
zens. It i- a comfort to the old veterans, who ted 
that if adversity proves to.. Btrong for them in their 

declining years' a haven of rest is here provided, to 

which they may retire and find refuge, ami at the 
same time' lose 'none of their self-respect, nor suffer 

in the estimation of those whose experience in life is 
more fortunate; and it is a standing illustration to 
the VOUng that our loved Commonwealth reveres 
manliness and courage, and is proud of its military 

r. rd of the past, and is not unmindful of it- heroes 

in their ..Id age. 

John Harleston, Charleston, S. C: "I have been a 
subscriber to your paper since March. Have taken 
nearly all that have been published since 1865, and 
know' of none superio.i to yours, and wish you all pros- 





In tlic summer of \^>1. during the firel 
Vicksburg, the First Kentucky Brigade was Bent to 
that city as a sort ol guard of honor to tin- heavy 
batteries then Lining the shores of the Mississippi 
above and below Vicksburg. The regiments did duty 
in town alternately, wh dated mainly in lying 

under the Bhade of the trees in tl lautiful gi 

lawns, with which the city and its suburbs abounded, 
and. at night, watching the course of the immense 

rtar shells fired from the yankee Beets above and 

below the city. These shells generally passed over us 
apparently a half mile high, and their course could be 
distinctly traced by a burningfuse attached to each. 

On the morning of the Ith day of July, 1862, we 
naturally supposed the Federals would celebrati 
day by an extraordinary bombardment >>( tin- city, 
and thus make things somewhat lively for us. The 
sun arose with unusual splendor; i xpectatiou iviih "ii 
tip-toe; but to our surprise a silence, profound as 
death, rested upon the combatants until just a; noon, 
when both fleets opened live with every gun. They 
rent the heavens with the fury of exploding shells ; 
the shore batteries instantly responded, and for half 
an hour these tremendous engines of death vomited 
forth their horrible contents, and then ceased ae 
denly as they began, not another gun being tired dur- 
ing the day. 

On the following day the Fourth Regiment, with a 
battery, was ordered to a point on the Mississippi 
River jusl below Warrenton, fourteen miles from 
Vicksburg. This place was a wide, swampy bottom 
on the east side of the liver, ami occupied abend in 
the river, which, with the bluffs on the east, inclosed 
several hundred acres. This bottom hail been over- 
flowed, and the cottonwood tree- which grew on a 
considerable portion of it had caughl and held 
quantities of brush, drift wood. etc. Our mi 
was to conceal ourselves and our battery in this drift, 
the river, and pounce upon any steamer which 
might undertake to pass up the i i\ er. It did not take 
ns Ion-,' to conceal ourselves in this wilderness, and 
plant our guns along the river bank. Of coursi 

nicely masked sentinels were posted down the 
river. Five days passed in the pleasant occupations 
of eating, sleeping and fighting mosquitoes without a 
single alarm or sign of the enemy. On the fifth day 
the pickets sent in information that a small craft, w itii 
several men in it. was crossing the river from the 
Louisiana shore, a mile or so below us. 

The Colonel immediately ordered Sergeant 

to select a squad "t six men to investigate the move- 
ment. As one oi' this detachment, we proci 
down the river as fast as possible, and concealed our- 
selves in the bushes, near the point which the batteaux 
seemed to he making for. The moment it struck 
shore we sprang from our hiding places, with cocked 
guns, and demanded a surrender. The enemy con- 
sisted of four lusty negro men and one woman. 
With these we captured several bundles of old cloth- 
ing, bed-quilts, and other trumpery prized bj neg 

Had we dropped from the clouds, out. of a clap of 
thunder, the poor darkies could not have been more 
astonished and terrified. With dilated eyes and 
trembling limbs they awaited death, which they evi- 
dently thought was at hand. In answer to the Ser- 

geant's inquiry, "Who are you.' Where an- you 
going? " one of them answered supplicatingly, " We 'se 
nothing but poor niggers, massa, trying to git wid our 
folks mi dis side of de river." Ordering them tri 

shoulder tlieii . we led them to the Colonel, 

who gathered from them that they were th< 

a Louisiana planter, who had thd from his hoi, 

the approach of the yankee.-. leaving I take 

■ themselves; and they, being scarcely 1> - 
rified at the name of yankee than their master, were 
seeking to reach their friends and relatives in M 
sippi. The Colonel sent them on their way. 

On the morning of the 12th day of our anihusli. 
about an hour before dawn, the picked reported a 
Bteam boat coming up the river. Winn she had ar- 
rived nearly opposite the battery the guns opened on 
her with shot and -lull. Her light- were almost in- 
stantly extinguished, and her -peed ii . but 

before she con >ul of range a number of -hot 

struck, a- we could distinctly hear them crashing 

through her timber- They tailed, ho- I dis- 

able her. and she sped on her way up the river. It 
was now apparent t hat on would bi 

lerals would aln 
gunboat to in ,lt it pos- 

sible. We had no particular rj ine of 

-. so we limbered up and pulled up 
pulled Out about dawn, and in a leu hour- had g 
iniinit of the high bluffs back of \\' :i 

few miles nearer the city, when 

\ - we i ame into view a flat I 
lainous-li inboat v If in 

the rivei opposite our recent hiding place: and it was 
with some satisfaction that we contemp 
distan be poured a broadside from her I 

into the um helled the 




This did nol big army of men, with guns, 

drums and flying artillery. A. P.Hill's signal cor] 
consisted of Cant. R. H. T. Adams, o! Lynchbui 

geant Pat Vermillion, also of Lynchburg; Win. 
Daniel, ex-St I uator, from Clarksvi n.; 

John Muring, of I hi ma in V C. w In n last Inard from 
he had finished eight year- in tin ter 

Eaves, from Rutherford ton, N 

Christian and brother Have, of Appomattox, Va 
James Featherston, of Vii of; Jan 

Driver, of the First Tennessee died of smallpox ; Hal 
W. Manson (the writer), of I - nth Ten 
was detailed to take his placi . Henry B. Pope, of 
Rome, Ga.; Ii. F. Mayhew, of New Berne, X.c. now 

dead, and a few other- that were detailed for divis 

These young men for most of them were under 
twenty-one -wen used to transmit messages by optii 
telegraphy from one part of the army to the other. 
Sometimes the lim would extend as fa 
and. as in the case of Harpi r's Ferry, the plan of battle 
was telegraphed over tie line. T! 

were made with different colored ll;i. 
Hag a yard Bquare with a red square in center. This 
(lag was used when they had a green background, SUCh 
as pines, or a wheat field or grassy knoll. Win 
had the sky for a background, as from the top ol 



mountain, a dark Bag, with ;i white Bquare in thi 
ter to distinguish it from a black one, was used. At 
night torches of copper tubes filled with turpentine 
1. one placed on the ground in front <>f the 
operator and the other on the end of a -hurt po 
his hand, which he moved right and left, front and 
circle, making movements that ■milil be easily under- 
stood with the aid of a good glass from ten to twenty 
miles at the next station, ft On the march the signal 
men could not be used as such, and wen- used as 
couriers and scouts. Another of their duties was to 
late messages into cipher and back again. Thus if 
Genera] Lee wished to communicate witn President 
Davis the message was put in cipher, Joe Cabiness 
alone knowing what it was at Lee's headquarters, and 
a trusted man at the President's office would read the 
message to him. 

I cannot hope to follow the fortunes of the 
•• knights of the crossed flags," all the way from 
the day I was detailed and reported to Capt. Adams. 
and was placed under the management of Harry 
Pope to learn the signal alphabet on the heights of 
the Rappahanock, or the long march at Gettysburg, 
where the first bullet was fired at a signal man. We 
returned *■<•> Orange County and spent the long winter 
on Clark's Mountain. Then came the march and 
fighl from 1 there Ed Richmond and Petersburg, until 
the final charge of Grant, the 'Jd of July, 1865, when 
ourbeloved Hill was killed. .IneCabiness was shot in 
the neck and captured ; the writer lost a leg, and was 
captured also. 

Our life in Camp was one round of fun and gaiety. 

G ge Christian's yellow hoy, Jess, did the cooking 

and stealing foi- our mess, and (His McClellan's pop- 
eyed negro Tip, with his assistants, kept up the cor- 
ners For tie couriers, fed his Mars tins' horse, blacked 
hi- hoot-, washed his clothes, ami brightened hissabre 
and spurs. Gus himself was a character, lie was a 
brother of tin- great Alabama writer, "Betsy Hamil- 
ton." lie could sing a song, tell a good story, dance 
"Lucy Long.' and would light the d— 1, ami "give 
him the go." Never did old Talladega send to the 
war a braver soldier than Gus, or a more faithful 
negro than Tip. (ins i- dead, and Tip was caught by 
a bright-eyed dusky damsel about Petersburg and re- 
turned to Alabama to visit "Old Marster and Mars 
tins," after twenty years' of hard work, thinking and 
dreaming of "old Talladega. Ala." Alas' bis home- 
coming was sad in the extreme! He went at once 
from tic station to thi' old plantation, through the 
Gelds, over the well-known foot path straight to "Old 

Marster- n ." lie would see him that night, and 

his brothers tin next day. When he knocked on the 
door he was answered by a stranger. He called, "Old 
Marster, it- me, your hoy Tip what went with Marse 

(ills to tin- war; I made money nuf to come hack, 
and I is here. Open the do', please sir!" Hut the 

place was in the hands of strangers. "Old Master" 

was under the marble, "Marse" (Jus dead too, and 
the other- scattered in different States. Hut his mis- 
tress, "Betsy Hamilton," has told this story and 
placed it where it will live and he draniati/cd when 
she, too, shall have been gathered with the sleepers 
under the oaks. 

During tin' several months seven of the signal corps 
were stationed on Clark's Mountain, in Orange 
County, Va. Here at the station we spent the day. 
leaving the guard, consisting of a Lieutenant and 

ten men. to look after it in tin' night. We would 
mount our horse- and ride down to the house — T. 
Preist's whose cottage nestled in a cove at- the head 
of a valley. <>n his table the best of garden truck 
was found, and in his cellar were divers keg- ami 
long necked bottles tilled with blackberry and cherry 
brandies. This was our boarding-house. Across the 
field was Bob Sales' place and hi- lovely daughter, 
over the hill was the Bushrod Brown and the beau- 
tiful Epperson girls also. At the Rapid Ann Sta- 
tion was Mi,-.- Genevieve Peyton, and on the moun- 
tain side the Misses Terrell. Down near the river 
was the regiment of I'.arksdale's M ississippians in 

oni company of ninety men "seventy-five were g 1 

fiddlers." We cultivated these fellows and they culti- 
vated us. We had a dance three nights out of tin- 
week, and went courting two out of the other four. 
We were in full view of the enemy's camp acros- the 
river, and hundreds of officers, citizens, and ladies usi d 
to visit the mountain-top and our courtesy would be 
at times taxed to the utmost to show them the attcn 
Don we w ished to. 

Gen, Lee would come up and spend hours study- 
ing the situation with his -pleiulid glasses; and the 
glorious Stuart would dash up. always with a lady, 
and a pretty one, loo. I wonder if the girl is yet 
alive who rode the General's line horse and raced 
with him to charge our station. When they had 
leached the level plateau, and Stuart had left her in 

care of one of us and took the other oil' to one side 
and questioned the very sweat out of him about the 

enemy's position, he was Gen. Stuart then, hut when 
he got hack and lifted the- beauty into the saddle and 

rode oil' humming a breezy air. immortalized by 

Swiney and John L-ten Cook, he was Stuart the beau. 
The next day his command was on the enemy's 

Hank thirty miles away. The great Gordon came up 

and showed us how to steady the eyes with the fin- 
gers BO as to look a long time. Old lien. (Dwell, with 
his old flea-bitten gray and crutches, wa- a frequent 


HY A. 1.. SLACK, T M.I.I I. AH, I.A. 

I enlisted as a private in the Second Louisiana Vol- 
unteers in 1861. My first real soldiering was on the 
Yorktown Peninsula, in Virginia. While there, or at 
Suffolk i 1 forget whichi. there strolled into camp a 
young hoy. scarcely over Id or 12 year- of age. who 
attached nimself to one of the neighboring regiments. 
Who he was, or where he came from. I cannot now 
recall. He was looked upon a- " no man's chi Id," and 
as such found genial fellowship among the soldiers, 
I BOOH realized thai he was a Cosmopolitan, and at 
home anywhere, for I next .-aw him the pit of the 

First South Carolina Volunteers, 1 low long he stayed 
with them 1 cannot say. It was fully a year before I 
saw him again. His small form and boyish face win 
it contrast to the men among whom lie mingled 

I remember then how odd it seei I to gee that lad in 

a camp, hut he was truly " the child of the regiment." 
After we had fallen back to Richmond, and after those 
terrible seven days' of battle, the army was reor- 
ganized and the troops brigaded by States, so 1 lost 
sight of our Carolina neighbors, and also the boy. 

At the second battle of Manassas, on the 29th of 
August. 1862, our brigade iStark's — poor fellow, he 


fell at Sharpsburg). was lying in the woods nearly 
opposite that "terrible deep cut" when the dripping, 
Bpattering lire of the Yankee skirmishers drove in 

our out-looker? (as "Old Jack " did n't have a < ounter 
skirmish Unci the cry "F-o-r-w-a-r-d" rang along our 
lines, and we advanced and ran almost into the Yan- 
kees, who. giving ue a deadly volley, fell hack rapidly 
across a Held and into the woods beyond, where a bat- 
tery, supported by a swarm of troops, was posted. 
Nothing checked us. Under a withering fire of min- 
nies and canister we pressed on, Bradley T. Johnson 
riding ahead, with his sword run through hi- hat. 
waving us on, until we waved him out ol our line of 
lire. When we arrived within aboul one hundred 
yard- of the battery the line was halted, and under 
this raking lire the allignmnit was I. and the 

men "right dressed" t" be Bho1 down. 

I have thoughl often since that the command of 
halt, under BUCD a tire might have been heroic', hut it 
certainly was not wise. However, not a man faltered. 
Again. "Forward!" and we drove straight for the 
gun-, .lust then I felt a thud, a Bting, a twist around 
and fell. A minnie had struck my pocket Bible edge- 
wise, and passing nearly through tie' New Testament 
part, dug a trench across, my left ride into the flesh. 
With the blood spurting from the wound 1 started 

rearward, while our boys bravefellows went up and 
over the battery, scattering it- supports like chaff*. 

As I struggled back over tie field, the (had anil 
wounded, blue and gray alike, lying around, I heard 
a great rumbling on my left and turned and saw 
that our guns were plunging to the front, Under la-h 
and shout, to -ei/e the hills whence to pour shot into 
the then retreating foe. I can -ee them now tumbling, 
bouncing, and surging to gain that front. Whal 
did I see'.' So close 1 could nearly touch him, the little 

boj sitting on the limber of one of the pieces, his 
aflame, his hat waving, his treble voice shoutingex- 
citedly, and his whole being lit up and aglow with 
the terrible magnetism of battle, cheering on the line. 

That was the last that 1 saw of him. lie passed on 
and was lost in the cloud and smoke of the field, hut 
the memory of that inspiring -eene will never t 

It has well been said that truth is -trangcr than 
fiction; the sequel to the above sketch (which is ab- 
solutely true proves the truth of this adage. 

The sketch was first published in the Detroit Fret 
Pnse on the 23rd of April. 1891. Finding out the 
address of Col. Bradley T. Johnson 1 -cut him the 
M.S., which he published in the Baltimore Sun in the 
December following. 1 received from the Colonel a 
most Mattering letter, in which he said: "Your graphic 
description ol the " War Waif" touched mv heart. I 
have given it to the Baltimore St«. That defense of 
the railroad cut was a feat of arms. I had 800 mus- 
kets and Stark hardly 900, and we held it again-t 
18,000 (Fitz John Porter's whole corps). We did as 
well as men could do. hut the real work was done by 
Stephen ]>.'s guns, on our right, which enfiladed 
and tore up the assaulting column. But that charge! 
Wasn't it glorious? There was genuine, real, soul- 
stirring, blood-thrilling gavdium certamini .' Those 
days of our golden prime! " 

The Colonel, in the above, has confused the de 
<>f the railroad cut with the charge I describe. The 
incident 1 refer to occurred on the 29th, while that 
defense of the railroad took place .in the 30th of 

August. L862. But this is not the coincidence 1 
started out to refer to. 

It so happened that when the -ketch appeared in 
the Fret Presi that the hero of my sketch was a sub- 
BCriber to that paper and " read himself" in the article. 
He at once wrote to that paper inquiring who the 

author was, a- only m\ initial-. "A. 1.. S." were 
signed to the pice. Tie information was furnished 
him and 1 received several communications from him. 
That lie i- the identical "hoy" 1 have no douht. A 
few days before last Christn aid me a visit, and 

we passed several days recounting tl sin "Old 

Virginny." Hi- name is W. .1. Pucket, and hie 

Win-tead. Mi- He tells me that at the 
time referred to he was just 13 year- of age; that he 
belonged to the Louisiana Guard Artillery, and that 
he surrendered at Concord station, near Appomattox, 
when our cause finally collapsed. 

Cleburne's Ban Shiloh. — J. A. Wheeler, 

Salad- Texas I give tie Veterak a brief account 

of Shiloh a- I -a" it. hem- a private in the Twenty- 
third Tenneseei Regiment Pat Cleburne's Brigade . 
On the morning of April 6, "62, when the entire line 
moved forward, our brigade had to face a battery of 
twelve gun- : eight 20-pound rifles (1 id four 12- 

pound Napoleon guns. We were ordered to halt and 
lie down in a deep ravine while tin- battery was 
shelling our position at a fearful rate, .lust in our 
front was a ridge, a peach orchard, and the Federal 
encampment. General Cleburne told us to prepare 
for a charge. Soon it wa- ordered and we moved for- 
ward at double-quick, passed through the encamp- 
ment, down the -lope on the norti the ridge 
near to ,, branch. Here :i line of infantry rose up 
and poured such a destructive volley into our ranks 
that we recoiled and fell hack to the first ravine. Here 
we rallied, and General Cleburne came to as again 
and said. "Boys, don't he discouraged; that is not 
the tir-t charge' that was ever repul-ed: fix bayonets 
and give them steel," Then he ordered. "Forward! 
Charge! " We leaped forward with a deafening cheer 
and drove the infantry out of the ravine, but firing 
from the Lattery and a line of infantry was so heavy 
just in rear of the battery that we again fell hack, 
'with great loss, but soon reformed, and were ready for 
the third charge, when a Louisiana brigade was 

brought up to our support. Another charge was or- 
dered and we moved forward over the dead and 
wounded, (hi- time to reach the goal that had cost 
the live- of many of our best mi n. But the struggle 
was not yet over for the battery, as the hoys in blue 
tired some of the guns when we were within ten feet of 
their muzzles. Here we had a hand-to-hand co 
over the gun-, hut we were triumphant, and this fine 
battery of twelve guns was ours. Cleburne's Brigade 
wa- composed of the Seventeenth. Twenty-third 
and Twenty-fourth Tennessee and First Ark 

1 cannot close this article without saying that the 
men of this battery were the bravest men we ever had 
to deal with. They were worthy of our steel, not one 
of them surrendered with a whole hide. They had 
been in the United States sen ice for twenty years. 

If this should fall into the hands of any soldier, on 
either shh- in this charge. I would be glad to 
spond with him. 




BY wm. B. -r. ,1 iih, KA8HVILLB, TBNN. 

The following incidenl is but a remnanl of the 
spice-box that, like pride, had a fall, or rather a more 
expeditious send-off during Gen. Forrest's raid on 
Paducah, Ky.: .Maj. Thompson led an attack on 
Fort Anderson, a huge affair, Burrounding the Marine 
Hospital. Close by and overlooking the fort was the 
two-story brick building of l>r. Bassett. Some six or 
eight young Kentuckians, among whom were the 
Douglas an<l Meriwether boys, thought that this house 
ated some fine strategic points of value, both as 
a commissary department and "shooting-box;" the 
big 32-pounders in the fort could not he handled with 
any degree of safety if any party of sharp-shooters 
should happen to occupy the upper story. Accom- 
panied by their Captain, the house was at once taken 
--ion of. and .Mrs. Bassett, delighted with the 
of the " Southern hoys," made at once extensive 
pr< paratione for their comfort. The large dining 
talile was taken up-stairs. for the greater convenience 
of her guests, and heaped with all the delicacies and 
good things that the house, cellar or pantry afforded. 

And nobly did the famished defenders of a lost cause 
tespond to the tempting viand-. The battle had now 
begun in earnest, ami '• the hoys." with their mouths 

full, sent their unerring missiles mi" the enemy's 

can tiers, to their utter discomfort and demoraliza- 
tion. The huge thirty-two in front of the house could 
not he fired. Every time a head appeared it was 
promptly scalped. The hoys enjoyed the fun im- 
mensely, and divided their time between "shootin' 

an' eatin'." After many failures, one artilleryman 
eded in pulling the lanyard, and a Btorm of 
grape and canister whistled through the bouse, with- 
out, however, touching the hoys or the "viltels." 
Douglas remarked that this was the best place to light 

In- had ever struck, and as long as the ammunition 
on the table held out he was willing ''to light it out 
on that line if it took all summer." 

The enemy made great efforts to reload the gun. 
hut every time a man appeared a whistling messen- 
ger, laden with "pie," stopped the perl'c nana nee. It 
had become intensely interesting and amusing on one 
side, and exceedingly dangerous on the other. The 
enemy soon realized the state of affairs, and took all 
available means to dislodge the sharp-shooters. The 
trouble was that the little hand in the " I '.asset t house " 
had command of nearly every gun in the fort, and 
not only stopped proceedings against themselves, hut 
hampered and annoyed the gunners on the opposite 
side, so as to prevent anything more than straggling 
shots, that did little or no execution. The gunboats, 
however, made active demonstrations in favor of the 

fort, and nf the -hell,-, intended no doubt for the 

Bassett house, cut Maj. Thompson in two. Hut the 

end was nearer than "the hoys" imagined. An un- 
lucky shell from the enemy, striking a little lower, 
hit the edge of the table and made a promiscuous 
mingling of china, wood, meat, iron, vegetables, glass- 
ware and pie, the "tout ensemble" of a well-regulated 
dinner-table. It heat a " hull in the china-shop." To 
see the heautil'ul walls plastered with pie, and the 
blackberry jam and preserves dripping mournfully 

from the ceiling was just a little too much for them. 
"Boys," -aid Meriwether, "let's go." The Captain 
tearfully removed a lump of plum jelly from hi- eve 
and. said. "You're right." The defenders having 
left, tin- enemy immediately riddled the house with 
-olid shot and grape, making a complete w reek of the 
noble building. 

Meeting a refugee from the fort some months after- 
ward, and regaling him with the narrative above 
stated, he remarked that he was one who tried to 

work that gun. ami escaped the "rebel bullets;" 

" hut." says he. "1 sun-It t he patching ! " "Ilowwa- 
that?" 1 answered. "Well, they scuta ball right un- 
der my nose, taking off a part of my mustache." 



• Since the columns of your magazine are open to 
answering queries relative to Incidents of the war. I 
reply to ('apt. \V. T. (iass. of Camp Ben McCulloch, 
Mt. Vernon, Texas, relative to General Lee at the 

Wilderness: 1 was a member of Company 1>, Fourth 
Texas Regiment, Mood's old brigade, commanded at 
the time by General Gregg, Field's Division, Long- 
street's Corps. A. X. \'a. Our brigade was composed 
of the First, Fourth and Fifth Texas, and the Third 
Arkansas: our regiment ( Fourth Texas i. if 1 remem- 
ber correctly, was on the left, center of the brigade, 
and the Firsjl Texas was formed on our left. We had 
just filed off of the road, in which we had been moving, 
and formed in line of battle in an open space a few 
yards in front of the timber. About that time 1 saw 
General Lee ride up and stop on the left wing of the 
First Texas. A number of us, mostly of the First 
Texas, gathered around him and begged him to go to 
the rear, some of the hoys saying that they would not 
go into the light unless he retired. There were a good 
many, both up and down the line, yelling, "General 
Lee to the rear." 1 was standing by the side of his 
horse and placed my hand on him : one of the First 
Texas had hold of his bridle-rein. I do not remem- 
ber whether his hat was oil' or not at the time. I 
know we told him that if he would go to the rear we 
would whip the yankces. 1 am confident that no one 
man is entitled to the credit or honor of causing 

General I to go to the rear; every man there would 

have gladly died to save one drop of his precious 
blood, and" I am confident that General Lee saw a 
determination in the fares of his men to conquer or 
die. and felt Confident that he could trust the battle lii 
them, lie turned his horse and was soon out of sight. 
We were then ordered to charge, and the result oi 
the day's work is well-known. 

I am sure (here are some of our old brigade yet liv- 
ing who remember the incident as vividly as I do. 1 
was detailed as division scout, and had the privilege 
of going and coming as 1 pleased, but when my Com- 
pany was ordered into action, 1 always went witli 

1 am a member of I'at Cleburne Camp, No. 222, U. 
C. V., Waco, Texas, and am highly pleased with the 
Confederate Veteran, and think that every Con- 
federate soldier should subscribe for it, and keep it 
always before his children. 


l 5 

The "Jackson Day'' (January 8) occurs so near pub- 
lication time of this Veteran thai reference to the 
Hermitage, by which is Located the Tennessee Soldiers' 
Home, Beems appropriate. The picture is an excellenl 
vic« of the grand hallway at the Hermitage, and gives 
at once an idea of the dimensions of the home built 
by Genera] Jackson for bis fireside pleasures. The 
building was constructed upon a broad and liberal 
plan characteristic of the man. The house contains 
eleven rooms, all large and superb in style of archi- 
tecture. The wall paper appearing in the picture, 
with its liberal background of trees, foliage, ami beau- 
tiful landscape, is a scene from the history of Tele- 
machus, and represents Ulysses on the Island "i < lalyp- 
son. It has been preserved carefully by the 1 a 
Hermitage Association, although it was "in shreds 
upon the walls" when they got possession. The 
Bcenes are iii an excellenl state of preservation. The 
grand stairway is one of the most imposing in any 
house in the country, and leads to an upper hall of 
equal dimensions, and ornamented with the same 
scenes from Tclemaehus. General Jackson procured 
this paper from Paris in 1836, when the Hermitage 
was rebuilt after having been destroyed by tire while 
he was President. 

Joseph Branson, Aiken, S. C, Dec. 24; "1 see the 
inquiry concerning who it was that took General Lee> 
horse by the bridle in the battle of the Wildenn 
prevent In- personal peril, and the three versions of 
Hair. I was then a member of A. I'. Hill's corps, 
Wilcox's division and McGowan's brigade. We had 
been fighting all day and all night. Early next morn- 
ing we were being Banked by the enemy, and were 
falling back, when we net Lonj corps. They 

formed on ,>ur right. I remember it well. 1 v 
glad to see them. Only a veteran can appreciate the 
situation. 1 saw General Lee ride to the left of the 
line and then to the front, as though he intended to 
lead the charge. He was in front of a 'I'. \a> brigade. 
I saw a private go from the rank- and catch his horse 
by the bridle and lead him to the rear, ami then the 
brigade charged. I couldn't hear a word that was said. 
By all means give the Texas private the honor of the 

noble deed. 

A pathetic poem, but ton long for use here, comes 

c ruing Lieut. Josiah W. Nance, who served under 

Gt neral Forrest and was killed near Cuba Landing on 
the Tennessee River while bearing dispatches for his 
commander. June 10, '64. He lies buried in a quiet, 
well.kept graveyard neai thi Bceneof his death. "Lov- 
ing hands plated his body in a hen's grave, and lov- 
ing hearts will cherish the memory of Ids brave deeds 
and truth and loyalty forever." 



2Mic (Confederate Uctcvan. 

One Dollar a Year. 8. A. CUNNINGHAM. Editor. 

Office hi The American, Corner Churcb and Cherry si-. 


Much has been said concerning the change in price 
of tin 1 Veteran. It has been explained that the 
publication was made larger and finer, from necessity, 
after the first issue. The universal acceptance of the 
publication by comrades and people who are friendly 
to it. and the unstinted assistance gratuitously fur- 
nished it. created and maintained a high ambition to 
continue it without change. In view of that, how- 
ever, friends who have had much experience in j ■ » n r- 
nalism have urged the necessity of increase. Then 
the demand for making the Veteran better in every 
way. and perhaps larger, contributed to this decision. 

In the year's work of unprecedented prosperity. 
excepl as to advertising, excess in outlay over re- 
ceipts was about 81 .nut). This fund has been shared 
unstintedly by a young man — whom 1 have not seen 
since long before the Veteran was thought of, but 
who has lived a soldier's life, tenting on snowy moun- 
tains in winter, and pressing in his work through 
deserts where life was impossible through summer — 
wdiose heart is as loyal as any battle-scarred Confederate. 

The general public has but little idea of the expense 
in establishing a periodical to a paying basis. Pub- 
lishers will doubtless regard this excess in expendi- 
tures as remarkably small, considering the superb 
record the little journal has made. The price, while 
nominally one dollar, is hardly seventy-five cents, for 
the souvenir promised in April is well worth the dif- 
ference, and it gives the publication two years prac- 
tically for one dollar. 

This candid statement will be sufficient for every 
friend, the assurance being that their continued zeal 
will assure every patr >n a publication better and bet- 
ter in proportion. The small amount extra, while a 
light tax on the multitude, will be a most important 
benefit to 1 he great cause in hand. 

( loncerning the price let there be no misunderstand- 
ing. It is not increased as a -peculation. Friends 

who have been SO diligent that any favor asked by 

them would be granted occasionally say thai the money 
was handed them and by some mishap they failed to 

send it in time. It is considered necessary and right 
to increase the price, as there are many ways for 
helping the cause espoused which will be a tax upon 
the Veteran, -lust as fast as practicable it will be 
entered for comrades who cannot pay, and in inisters 
will be supplied at seventy-live cents. By the by, 
Rev. W. A. Nelson, of llawkinsville. 6a., in sending 

a dollar, writes that he did not renew before January 

so that he might semi that amount instead of fifty 
cents, '•because it's worth a dollar." 

In this spirit a Confederate organization is raising a 
fund to supply the Veteran to those who can't afford 

tO Subscribe. It was expected to report its action in 

this Veteran. One man subscribed ten dollars to the 
fund, and it was expected to secure ten times as much 

before reporting. 

•I. W. 'fucker, Beachville, Trim., the first person to 
call at office and renew at the increased price, wasa 
veteran with no hand left and but one arm. The 
clerk had to finger the money from bis pocket. Such 
a man should have the VETERAN free. Part of his 
money was promptly re-mailed to him. Hasten the 
day when such a man will be required to have no 
thought of the morrow as to life's necessities. 

0, W. Case, Superintendent of the Pacific Express 
Company. St. Louis, was the first to remit at SI for 
the Veteran. He is a Union veteran: "Herewith is 
81 to pay for subscription to your magazine for 1894. 
I like its kindly tone. I rather think 1 am in favor 
of the organization of the 'United Veterans of 
America' as begun at some point in Texas." 


The Veteran is published in the interest of Con- 
federates. It is patriotic and progressive. Its wish is 
to forgive and forget bitter memories of the war in the 
broadest sense. A digression, however, from this 
rule is apparent in the article about "Carpet-bag Rule 
in Arkansas." Its author has the bitter memory of a 
murdered father. He simply reviews the " Brooks 
and Baxter war" in Arkansas. Is it well to reprint 
these facts now? This query is of the Union veteran. 
There is back of it a much graver question. It con- 
cerns prison life. The most singular exactions from 
our victorious compatriots is their general unanimity 
of sentiment against publishing the history of prison 
life from their side. Dr. John A. Wyeth, of New York, 
who served in the Confederate army from Alabama, 
dared to write an article on the subject, entitled "Cold 

Cheer at Camp .Morton," and it stirred the enmity of 
Grand Army veterans to a shocking degree. He en- 
gaged to deliver a professional lecture at Indianapolis 

afterward, ami the bitterness engendered by his truth- 
ful narrative was so great that his friends advised him 

to decline the invitation. Dr. Wyeth is one of the 
best accredited men of the entire South, liefore this 
thing occurred one of the first surgeons who served in 
the Federal army told me that beloved Wyeth so well 
that he didn't like to think they wvrr ever against 
each other. Why not let the whole truth be known'.' 
A young lady of Rock Island, 111., was deploring the 
treatment of Union soldiers in Southern prisons to a 
Confederate when be asked her to remeni bet; that with 



all the advantages of the Union Bide in medicine, him to deduct the cost of remitting subscriptions. It 

clothing and food, the percentage of deaths was greater is pleasant to see in the Washington Gazette this 

among Confederates in Northern prisons, she was strong tribute" from Mr. Motte Smith, that " Mr. Cordes 

astounded at the remark and said, " Did we have your lived more in touch with more people than anybody 

men in prison?" she had been reared close t<> the else in Wilkes County." 

place thai many gallant Southerners laid down their 1 lenry Cordes was a German, and 59 years old. He 
lives, and yet had do conception that these deplorable enlisted with the [rvin Artillery in 1861, and served 
conditions ever existed but on one side. Do On to th the war. In compliance with his re- 
sirs, let the truth be recorded. It will help your chil- quest, this " bouI of honor'" was buried in his < Jonfed- 
dren to appreciate the sacrifice of your, and their, fel- erate suit, with badges attached. The coffin was 
low citizens in the South for the principles in-tilled draped with a genuine Confederate battle flag. The 
by the founders of our great republic. funeral procession was one of the lon§ > in 
We are not afraid to publish the truth, but in doing Washington. "All the carriages and I I the 
SO we want to feel that vou concur in the spirit that town were in it." and many from the country. Con- 
ours were not more heartless and barbarous than your federate veteran- wen pall bean da- 
own leaders. We all remember that war is terrible, way's company, the Irvin Guards, served as guards of 

ami are not complaining. One g 1 moral effect honor. Comrade Cordes left five daughters, two ol 

would be to discourage rash people from agitations whom are married. The youngest child is the only 

that threaten the peace of the general public. 

Cur. L J. Dawdy, a Union veteran, of Peoria, 111., 
-ays : '■ Through the kindness of my old friend. ( 'apt. 

B. F. Smith, Of Sin Ibyville, Teuil., I have received 

each number of t he first volume. 1 have 

read each number of the \" 1. 1 bran with much int 

I like the spirit of fairness toward soldiers of the 

Union army which seems to pervade its columns, and 

which, 1 believe, will cause its acceptance by any vet- 
eran on either side, Brave men are always generous. 
and as no greater sacrifice and heroism were ever 
shown than by soldiers in the late war. none should 
be more generous with each other. Many incidents 
have Keen published with which I am acquainted, and 
I could not Help being interested in seeing the stand- 
point from • tother Bide.' " 

son. Comrade, brother, farewell. No friend was more 
faithful to the Vi rERAN, and it- editor honors your 
memory with a grateful h( 


A\ exquisite Christmas remembrance come- to the 
Veteras from Richard R. Foster, Adjutant of the 
Massachusetts Soldiers' Home. On the front a tat- 
tered flag, th ind -tripe-. 1- suspended in the 

blue sky. and an eagle has lighted upon it, hi> broad 
wings SO extended that he Seems to support rather 

than be a weight to the limp ensign, the -hied- of 
which are not rippled by breeze. Thanks are return'. 1. 
Brave Southerner- will ever return the -pirit of greet- 
ing from valiant foes who bring the olive and extend 
it as to equals in all that makes manly men and true 

A WRITES in the - that there are (00,000 

more pensioners on the i_'o\ eminent pension mils than 
there were soldiers in the Confederate service. \ - 
ond curious fact, derived from another source, is. that 
while our pension li-t has grown enormously in num- 
bers in recent year-, the list of pensioners on tin State 
of Georgia, which pay- a certain amount to n 
wounded in the Confederate service, has steadily and 
regularly decreased. 

One of the most beautiful women residing now in 
the national capital, expressing her regard foi this lit- 
tle periodical, said. " 1 had rather have my picture ill 
the Veteran than in the White House." Honor to 
her. She represents a sentimenl that will live beyond 

her generation. 

At its last reunion the Forty-fourth Gi ted 

plain, true man has Keen a peculiar pleasure. He was the following officers Maj. John C. Key, President; 
made aid to staff of General Evans, of U. C. V., but Col. J. W. Beck, Vice-President; S. M. Buchanan, 
claimed the title still of Corporal. His home standing Secretary. They -elected Fayetteville as the place of 

was not known, but he had rallied again and again meeting in 1894, and Wednesday after the lirst Sun- 
his people in behalf of the Veteran, and 1 had to urge day in August as the time. 

The V 1111; \\ begins it- second vear in deep Borrow 
for the death of Mr. Henry Cordes. of Washington, 
<ia. The sad announcement came by postal, and then 
in papers by Miss Gertrude Cordes and R. T. Rich- 
ards. Pneumonia was too severe upon the infirm 
patriot. Henry Cordes wrote more letter- and senl 
subscribers at more different times to the Veteran 
than any other person, and never asked a favor of it. 

By agreement we Were to meet at the Augusta 

reunion in November, and in describing himself he 
wrote: "When you see a man in a suit of Confederate 
gray, with a small cane as a Staff, and the ugliest man 
there, he will be yours truly, Henry Cordes." He was 
sought and found promptly, and the memory of the 




James T. Lyon, of the Forty-third Battalion, Vir- 
ginia Cavalry : I have never criticised or undertaken 

:icit any article appearing in the Confi 
aii. \ i 1 1 kan. bo dear to u- old Confederates, but 
tin article of James B. Clay, in the September 

number, recting one published in the Si. Louis 

Globe-Democrat on the "Campaigns of General Early 
in the Valley," is al6o erroneous. He fails to men- 
tion General Rhodes and his Division. That brave 
and patriotic officer deserves to be mentioned with 
honor in the battle of Chancellorsville, under ( ieneral 
Jack.-*n. He distinguished himself, and in every bat- 
1 1 « ■ thereafter fought by the Army of Northern Vir- 
ginia he bore a conspicuous part, up to the 19th of 
September, 1864. At tin- battle of Winchester, in his 
heroic attempt to stay the tide of battle and t<> re- 
trieve the fortunes of thi day, he fell at the head of 
hie spendid Division, lamented by all who knew him. 
Now, after Early took command in the Valley, there 
was but one ( 'orps permanent then', and lliat was the 
old Second Corps, commanded by General Early in 
person, and it comprised the Divisions of Generals 
Rhodes, Ransom, Breckinridge, and Gordon. Breck- 
inridge never commanded a Corps under Early. Gen- 
eral Heath's Division was nol with Early in his Mary- 
land campaign. Heath belonged to the Third Corps, 
under A. P. Hill, and on the 10th of July, 1864, ac- 
cording to the returns of the Army of Northern Vir- 
ginia of thai date, was with his Corps at Petersburg. 
General Marly never commanded in Southwest Vir- 
ginia, and was never removed from his command, and 
never went to Europe until after the war. After the 
battle of Winchester General Breckinridge was sent 
tn command in Southwest Virginia, and appointed 
from there to the War Department in February, 1866. 
We find Genera] Early in command at that time— 
the early spring of 1865 at Waynesboro in the val- 
ley t'i protect and defend Rock fish Gap, in the Blue 
ridge Mountains. About that time Sheridan moved 
up the valley with 9,000 cavalry and mounted in- 
fantry. Early only had a small force, consisting of 
Wharton's Division, 1,800 infantry, a small force of 
cavalry, and some artillery— a force entirely inade- 
quate for the task. There was a good deal of disaf- 
fection among the troops, and, without hardly a show 
of fight, Sheridan broke through the mountain, passed 
into Eastern Virginia, laid waste to that country, and 
joined < Irant at Petersburg. We here find Early, with 
hi- faithful few, following and harrassing Sheridan at 

every turn. It is said that Early displayed re 

heroic valor with his faithful few than he iliil with 
his victorious army in Maryland. 

II. M. .Miller, of We-t Point, Va., who was of Cox's 
Brigade, and Rhodes' Division, writes: In the Sep- 
tember Veteran appeared an article headed, ".luhal 
A. Marly and His Campaigns." in which James I'.. 

Clay. i'f (ieneral Breckinridge's stall - , defends "Old 

.lulu' - (as his boys loved to call him). General Early 
needs no defense from any one. History will take 
care of him. Comrade clay is "mixed" on the bat- 
tle of Winchester. He says that Marly had engaged, 
at the battle of Winchester, the Divisions of Gordon, 
Wharton. Ransom, and Heath. Now, where was our 
glorious Rhodes, who was killed that day at the head 
•f his Division? I don't think General Harry Heath 

could have been there in Rhodes' place and I not 
have known it, and then General Rhodes was killed 
that day, as I understand it. The Tnion Army were 
at a place called Smithville, between Winchester and 
Harpi r's Ferry. Ransom was left at Winchester. Gor- 
don ami Rhodes left for Martinsburg, Rhodes stopping 
at Bunker Hill and Gordon going on to Martinsburg. 
Gordon had arrived at Martinsburg, where he was ex- 
I to remain all night, but was ordered back, as 
Sheridan had attacked Ransom. Ransom held him 

in cheek until Rhodes go1 up fr Bunker Hill, and 

then the fight was continued until General Gordon 
came up. We were compelled to fall back through 
Strausburg to "Fisher's Hill" (not Fisher's Mill), 
n here we stopped. This is a plain statement of facts. 
I could write all night on " Early's Vallej Campaign," 
but I could not have I Ieneral Rhodes left out after the 
glorious fight he made that day. 


During the last session of the National Encamp- 
ment of the G. A. II., at Indianapolis, the New,ot 
that city, published everything obtainable that was oi 
interest to visitors. The following is an extract: The 
graves of rebels who died in Indianapolis prisons lie 
leveled and unmarked in the old cometerv at Green- 
lawn. Coming North in the time of winter, thinly 
clad and nearly starved when captured, to a climate 
of rigors to which they were strangers, they died in 
large numbers in spite of the humane care extended 
to them by the citizens. Every available building 
was converted into a hospital, and all these were filled 
by the prisoners. The firm having the contract to 
bury the prison dead was required to keep a record of 

the grave of each lor future identification. The man 
who made the burials still lives in thi.- city. He is 
Elijah Hedges, 83 North Noble street. lie has the 
name, command and address of all those who wen 
buried by him during the war, when he was in the 
employ of Weaver A- Wil Mams, the linn having the con- 
tract. Mr. Hedges states that there were -J . 1 7 "J rebel 
prisoners buried by him in the old cemetery at (ireen- 
law n. I have a list showing the location, by number. 
of each grave, so that, with the exception of eleven 
who were not known, all can be identified if desired. 
There is a grave every two feet, containing a prisoner. 
The largest number buried in one day was nine. In- 
quiry was made some months ago by those interested 

in these graves as to whether they could be identified, 

and what the cost would be of putting in order tin- 
plat occupied by them. The promoters of the plan 
were much pleased, but stateil that owing to the de- 
pletion ol' funds collected for the purpose, in putting 

in order other cemeteries, the improvement of the 
plat here would have to be postponed until more 

I icy could be secured. The hope was expressed 

that by next year the graves might receive the atten- 
tion they SO much need. At one time, owing to the 
advance ol' business interests in that part of the city. 
it was found necessary to remove 300 or |im of the 
prisoners' bones to another part of the graveyard. 
Talking on the subject, Mr. Hedges made this re- 
markable statement : " Muring the war I buried in all 
12,000 persons, and, according to the habit of under- 
taker-, I have the names and addresses of all who 
were known. During my lifetime I have buried I'.t,- 
.S7'_' people." 





In June, 1864, Major Cooper, of Memphis, then 
Quartermaster of the Forty-second Mississippi In- 
fantry,and I were returning from short furloughs (my 
first and (inly one during the war) to our homes in 
Mississippi. We were halted at Danville, Va., and 
informed that a division of yankee cavalry, under 
General Kirkpatrick, were near Burkesville Junction 
trying to makes circuit of Lee's army, and were de- 
stroying much of our supplies They were tearing up 
tlic railroads and threatening great disaster to our 
already greatly impoverished men. Danville, being 
one of our chief supply depots, was a point of great 
importance. It was understood that the enemy would 
aitempt the capture of Danville, and if successful, then 
Greensboro, X. C, Raleigh, Goldsboro and possibly 
Wilmington. They were well mounted and equipped 
for tli is hold raid, and were pursued by Gen. W. II 1 
Lee'e division of cavalry, which was poorly mounted, 
and of course outdistanced by the enemy. Calls wen 
made for volunteers From Boldiers cut off at Danville 

to gO to Staunton River to assist a company of 125 

disabled soldiers, working in the arsenal at Danville, 
and a battalion of 350 Virginia State troops, old men 
and boys, armed with Bhotguns, squirrel rifles, etc., to 
defend the bridge and frustrate the plan of the invad- 
ers. 1 was among the fifty-nine soldiers that cheer 
fully agreed to go under Lieutenant Colonel Jackson, 
of North Carolina, who was then suffering from a 
wound in liis leg. Colonel Jackaon assumed command 
of the little army of defense, and made a spee< b to the 
militia, telling them of the importance of defending 
tlie bridge, etc., and very wisely removing all means 
of retreat to the other side of the river (several bat- 
teaus), hastily throwing up earthworks on side of ap- 
proach, each wing resting on the river, forming a semi- 
circle. We also had two cannons, old howitzers, with 
a lew trained artillerymen to work them, on opposite 
side. .Our preparations were very hastily made, for 
the enemy SOOn made their approach known by the 
cloud of dUSt in the distance. Soon they opened up 
with their field guns, trying to burn the bridge and 
dislodge or frighten the d-d Virginia militia, as they 
termed Us. The shells striking the thin roof of the 
bridge made a tearful racket, scaring some of the small 
boys into outbursts of weeping. They then dismounted, 
deployed a strong skirmish line, supported by several 
regiments, that seemed eager for the fray. We reserved 
our lire until in close musket range, and then poured 
volley after volley, repulsing their first attack with 
ease This greatly encouraged some of the militia, 
who had refused t" light. The enemy soon rallied 

again, and with reinforced numbers charged with re- 
doubled real, only to meet defeat at the hands of our 
little Spartan hand. When they heard the old rebel 

yell given by us their efforts were less vigorous. 

In the meantime General Lee had hurried forward 
with his poor, jaded horses, and we soon heard his 
guns firing on their rear guard, and we felt assured 
that we had won. and had saved the Confederacy mil- 
lions of dollars worth of supplies and ordnance that 
we could ill afford to lose. The enemy soon with- 
drew, and were hard pressed by Lee's cavalry, forcing 

them to retreat toward Petersburg, directly in tie 

neral Lee's main army, when Wilcox'- splendid 
division of infantry attempted to intercept them, hut 
Gray's regiment of Pennsylvania " Bucktails" actually 
led and charged through our lines, thus saving a huge 
pint ol this now thoroughly disorganized command. 
The result of Our tight was eighty-five Federals killed, 
wounded and captured. We had three men killed 
and -even wounded. A member of the Thirteenth 

Mississippi Infantry was my companion, and was 
badly WOUnded by a yankee Lieutenant, w ho shot him 
twice at close r.niL'e with a pistol. 1 left him in the 
hospital at Danville and have never heard from him 
since. The next few day- the woods were full of ne- 

who had attempted to escape with tin- enemy 

hut were foiled hv their defeat, and were anxious to 
return to their old lion 

This is a brief account of one of the most hotly con- 
I little hatths I ever participated in. and 1 was 
in most all the battles f<>u>_dit by the Army of North- 
ern Virginia. Yet then has been no mention made 
of it hv any historian 


.1 W. Johnson, Toone, Tenn., write- I jive you a 

short history of my sold in Harde- 

man County. Tenn., went to Texas in 59, and was 

wle n the racket commenced betw< 
I volunteered in the fourth Texas Cavalry, served 

seven months, when we wen' dismounted. W'a- at 

Corinth under Generals VanDorn and Price; tl 
to Tupelo; thence to Chattanooga, and from there 
into Kentucky under General Kirby-Smith. With 
he whipped Bull Nelson at Richmond with 
18,000 men. < hit of thirty cannon we got twenty nine 
of them, only leaving him one to salute hi- friends 
with when he got to Cincinnati, where we stopped 
running him. 1 Fought at Perryville, was captured 
ami paroled. I thi i down here where I was 

raised. After awhih General Forrest came al 
1 went with him for a spell, until the report got cil 
ciliated in Camps that he was going to send all old 

soldiers back to their old commands at twenty-five 

dollars per head. I told" the hoys that 1 was not for 
sale, and so one of the darkest rainy nights 1 ever saw 
a lot of us ran away, and going down a long red hill 
south of Jackson, Tenn., one fellow's nag fell down 
and Bwapped ends, lie gol up, fell about for bis 

and got hold of his tail. He said, " l'.oys. my 
mare has broke her neck.'' and it was true. 1 then 
went back to the Tennessee Army at Dalton, Ga., and 
on to Atlanta. Then around Sherman and on to 
Nashville by way of Franklin. I was in G< 
French's 1 livision, Stewart's Corps, after » ieneral Polk 
was killed. That occurred June 14, '64 We did not 
stay at Nashville; we left there and went south be- 
tween Nashville and the Tennessee River. On the 
25th day of December 1 gave a fellow $15 tor a plug 
and a half of tobacco We crossed the Tenm 
River and went into Mississippi, and thence to Mobile, 
Ala. I was in seige there tor two weeks We left 

for Meridian, Miss., and there we Mowed the 
hounds off. 

John s. Pierson, New York: "Please find im 
my subscription for 1894. I make it one dollar, being 
more convenient to send, and because 1 think the 
magazine is worth it." 





A. I.. SI. II K, T Will. A, I.A. 

It was . I une 30, l s "_. Struggling along the Charles 
City road in tin' black darkness, keeping Btep to the 

cannon's 1" i, we reached Frazier's Farm just as the 

hist shot was red, abou( 1 1 o'clock at aight. 

Frazier's Farm possessed great advantages to the 
Federals, because tiny brought every piece of their 
artillery to bear with deadly effect, while, owing to 
the configuration of the Held, tin- Confederate guns 
could be used with hut feeble success. 

Tired and exhausted from the long march and heat, 
we dropped upon the ground, near where seventeen 

guns of the enemy's artillery had been charged and 

capti 1. I could not sleep. From the hlue and gray 

alike came piteous calls tor water or help, so I anil 
others arose and did all we could to alleviate their suf- 
fering. Save these piteous cries, the Bickering lights 
about the dead or wounded were all there was to tell 
that we were upon a battle-field, so ominous had 
grown the >tillne.-s and so thick the darkness. 

Bui when morning dawned the whole indescribable 
scene hurst upon us. Yonder stood those grim guns; 
yonder lay tin- dead from the Federal infantry sup- 
port^, behind improvised breastworks of rails, sods. 
anything, however frail, that promised protection from 
the leaden hail. On the right of these guns stood a 
small cabin, literally honey-combed by shot. Around 
in ghastly neaps lay the dead mole of the gray, alas, 
than hlue! Gallant fellows! How could they stem 
that torrent of flame and capture those guns, whose 
grim mouths were then black from hurling death! 
But the cabin told its own story, which I read from 
the surroundings as I stood therein ranks. A mother, 
whose home was this humble cabin, startled by the 
awful proximity of war, had seized her young child 
and fled for safety, and was now hack, not hearing 
the battle renewed. She had crept to her threshold 
with a scared look, her 1 itt'e child clasped in her arms. 
She stood gazing upon the bloody scene. '■'•'■ * 

But "Right face! Forward, march!" This is 

the first of July, hoys, and soon evening's shades will 
see us where "dear old .Malvern Hill is wreathed in 

It fills my heart with the saddest thoughts to recount 
and live over these old memories, hut I find as I grow 
older 1 live more and more in retrospection, and thai 
these scenes of my golden prime will continually pass 
in review before me. I do not know, but somehow 1 
feel that 1 would not forget them if 1 could. 

Wants to Hear From His Comrade. If D. Guice, 
W'oodville. Miss., November 13, 1893: In September, 

1865, On my way to my home in Tensas Parish. I. a., 

from the Army of Northern Virginia, I parted on the 
wharf at Memphis, Tenn., from my old comrade, Ike 

Caiues, of Company It. Seventh Regiment of Virginia 

Cavalry, and since then have never heard a word from 

him. Have written letters of inquiry toseveral news- 
papers, but to no effect, and now write this to you 
with the hope that some one will see it that knows or 
knew him, and tell me of his whereabouts or of his 
fate. It would afford me much pleasure to bear from 
him, as we went through many hard struggles and 
trials together. 

Cn. W. L. Cabell, Dallas, Texas, says : Our people, 
Trans-Mississippi veterans, are well pleased with the 
time, as it enables the farmers to take advantage of 

the interval between planting com and cotton and 
making the same. You may look for a fig crowd from 
this Bide of the river, as the camp tires are still burn- 
ing west of the Mississippi. I shall issue my orders 
in a few days in reference to the reunion, ami appoint 
the necessary committees to look after railroad I 
portation and the comfort of every one going to Bir- 
mingham, anil the dedication of the Confederate 
Monument, erected at Chicago to the six thousand 
brave men who died at Camp Douglass during the 
war. This is a sublime monument, and as it is the 
first erected in the North in commemoration of the 
heroism, braverj and patriotism of the Confederate 
soldier. Every i !on federate soldier who is able should 
go from Birmingham to see the monument and to take 
part in the dedication ceremonies. 1 hope that you 

will urge the veterans all through the South not only 

to go themselves, hut to take their noble sons and fair 
daughters to assist in strewing flowers over the graves 
of the tried and true men who are buried there. Gen- 
eral Underwood deserves great credit for his noble 
work, and in behalf of forty thousand Confederate 
veterans I say that he has our sincere thank- and as 
much praise as we can give him. 


When den. Butler was in command at .New Orleans 
during the rebellion, he was informed that Fat lei 
Ryan, priest and poet, had been expressing rebellious 
sentiments, and had said he would even refuse to hold 
funeral service for a dead yankee. Gen. Butler sent 
for him in haste, and began roundly scolding him for 
expressing such un-Christian ami rebellious senti- 
ments. "General," the wily priest answered, "you 
have been misinformed; 1 would he pleased to con- 
duct funeral services for all the yankee officers and 
men in New Orleans." 

The foregoing was sent by " Hick" Reid, of Nash- 
ville, who -'ivcd in I'elham's Battery of Mounted 
Horse Artillery, under "Jeb" Stuart, in Army of 
Northern Virginia. Comrade Reid has a vivid 
memory of many thrilling events in the war. ami 
he promises to give them to the VETERAN. He adds: 

I inclose you a (dipping out of the Washington Re- 
publican, organ of Grand Army of the Republic, and 

it was so much like what Father Ryan would saw I 

thought it ought to he published in the Confederate 

VETERAN. And while on this subject, it has occurred 
to me, that this great and brilliant man, the author of 
of "Lee's Sword" and "The Conquered Banner," 

should not he allowed to remain in a lonely grave, at 
Mobile, without even a stone to mark his resting 
place. II' we all would give oil cents or $1 each, we 
could place a nice monument over his grave, en- 
grave the Conquered Banner on one side of it, ami 
Fee's Sword on the other, and it would he an 
honor to all Confederate soldiers who contributed to 
it, long after we have all crossed over the river and 
are resting in the shade with the great and glorious 
Stonewall Jackson and Robert E. Lee. 





I . T. ilIBSON, COWAN, 1 K\v 

Please give me space in the Veteran tor ;i few 
words aboul our command. I enlisted in Company I. 
Seventeenth Tennessi e, on April 25, 1861. We moved 
as follows: Camp Harris, thence to Camp Trousdale, 
from thereto Bristol, then to Cumberland Gap, then 
to Big Creek Gap and back to Cumberland Gap, and 
then to Cumberland Ford; we fortified that place; we 
made a raid to Goose Creek Salt Works in Kentucky; 
we went down Straight Creek, crossing it fifty • 
times in three miles -| ?En.], then we came back to 
Cumberland Ford, where we remained several days. 
We marched to Wild Cat, where we had our first bat- 
tle, but we did not Bucceed in getting the "Wild Cats" 
out of their den. Then we fell back to Cumberland 
Ford, inarched back through < lumberland Gap and on 
to Mills Spring, Ky., where we went into winter quar- 
ters, and remained there for Bome time. Wee: 
Cumberland River on a Bteamboat and marched ten 
miles through the rain, snow and mud to Fishing 
Cre< k There we lost our noble Zollicoffer. I 9 
the field with Mm when he "a- shot ofl of his gray 
horse by Colonel Fry. of the Fifth Kentucky Yankee 

There ii;i- a Colonel in our brigade who. in march- 
ing his regiment into the battle, commanded, " Heads 
up! Byes to the front and Btop your dodging." At 
that time a grapeshot came Dying by and the old 
man. turning to his men. said. " Dodge the bigg 
them, boys." We had held the yanks at hay about 
five hours, when we got orders to fall hark in good 
order which we did to our fortilicat ions at Mills 
Spring. A funny incident on the field : We had or- 
der- to lie down, and did it: one of our Lieutenants 
lay so that his overcoat collar was sticking up, and a 
rabbit run down his hack. "Cousin Ike " pulled it 
out, and told the Lieutenant to " hush hollering, it is 
only a rabbit, and not a cannon-ball." Colonel 
Miller, of our regiment, ordered him to turn tie 
liit loose, and he told him lie could not let it go tor he 
w a- out of meal. BO he carried it hack to cam 1 1 and we 
bad rabbit for Bupper. When we not hack to Mills 
Spring, about twelve o'clock that night, we had orders 
to abandon everything we had except our guns and 
one blanket. Early next morning we took up our re- 
treat toward Nashville. We marched from there to 
Murfreesboro through the rain, snow and mud. On 
this retreat we Buffered a great deal by exposure and 
lack of food. When we arrived at M ni fi'eeshoro we 
got plenty to eat. stayed there a tew da\ -. and took up 
our farther march to " l>i\ 

l». G. Fleming. Ilawkinsvillc. (.a.: "In the la-t 
number of tie Vetera* I notice that information is 
asked of 1>. IF Mason. Wright's Brigade, thought to 
have been killed at Manassas, Probably a mistake is 
made as to the name of the brigade. One Daniel II 
Mason was my dear friend and messmate. IF' was a 
Sergeant of Company 1. 1 Pulaski Volunteers . Eighth 
Georgia (Barton's) Regiment. Enlisted at Hawkins- 
ville, May, 1861, made a most excellent soldier, and 
was wounded in arm at first Manassas (arm amputated), 
from which wound he died a few weeks afterward." 


G( n. John M. Harrell writer : I wrote from a -:ok- 
room, down with la grippe. Your gossipy, genuine, 
genial "old Veteran" comes to cheer inc. When I 
get about again I am going to strive to do something 
for you. With your ridiculously small subscription 
price you should have l .1 h n 1 n in subscribers out of the 
12,000,000 Southerners. 

1 congratulate you on republishing the "Dead Con- 
federacy" ol Fannie Borland. How appropriate it is 
now. and was when written, by a girl ol not then 
twenty. It reads to me like a fragment from Keato. 
owswith pa — ion, hut illine in its pride, 

mournful and graceful as wintei ami night, which it 

invoke-. Mi-s Borland was a niUS who per- 

ished too son. I knew her. and saw her in 1870, when 
she completed ara ted, beautiful girls, 

that fori 1 the family of 1 len. Pike, in Memphis, the 

other- s Pike and I Miss Sallie Johnson, 

now Mrs. Cabell Breckinridge, each a type of surpass- 
ing beauty. Mi-- Johnson was sole aaughb 
Senator K. W. Johnson, and Mi-s Borland, • 
daughter of ex-Minister Solon Borland. 

I must send you my "History of the Brooks and 
Baxter War.'' in which, on page 102 or in:'.. 1 g,» into 
that "Hampton Roads Conference" with some care. 
I should Jike you to read it : and, I want my hook to 
supplied by you." It has cost a considerable 
sum, because I would have none hut the hest paper 
and appropriate binding, making it a veritable volum 
'/< luxe. I have dedicated it to the United Confeder- 
ate Veterans, for whosi 1 saltation, and honor 

it was solely written. They saved us from complete 
slavery, and w ill yet gave their principles will) this 
same nation. Fet u- stay on our own platform, ami 
all other state- w ill come to it. Even the States ol 
Europe are infatuated with the simplicity and < 
iveness of home government. 

Wc are ■• all right ' hen- in Arkansas, only wi 
very poor— taxed to death. The manufacturer- and 
gold- bugs come to tin- resort and spend money like 
water, hut they have no notions above money, and 
believe the old Confederate- are enemies of thi 
eminent, whom fear alone keeps ui 

Christmas Dinner, Soldiers 1 Home, Richmond. — 
Onder a superb picture of General 1 ee, came this hill 
of fare in English : 

Richmond, Virginia. 
CHRISTM \s DINK! l; l« 
( 'ofl Cornel Beef. Rorseradisb. 

Turkey, Cranberry Sauce. Roast Shoat, Ipple Sauce. 

Baked Ham. 
sweet Potat Celery. imed Irish Pot 

Mixe.l Pickles. Wheat Bread, 1 
Apples. Oranges. Bananas. Mixed Nuts. Ra 

Mixed Candy. Sponge Cake. Currant Cake. 

Chocolate Cake. Mince Tie. 

Tea Cot Cigars. 

"Glory to God in the highest, and on earth pea 
I will toward men." 

In your hearts may bells of gladness 
Ring their happy chime ; 

fain would we that naught of sad c 

Cloud thi- blessed time. 

The hill of fare is printed on tine paper and illus- 
trated by " fruit id' the vine." 




<;. E. Dolton, of St. Louis, write-: Of theConfed- 
erate regiments, batteries, etc., that took part in the 
battle of < Ihickamauga, there are 1 1 I from which there 

ifficial reports published, and without m 

definite information than can be gleaned from the 
meagre brigade and division reports, justice cannot 
possibly I"- done them in a history of the battle. 
Even the official reports of commands that are pub- 
lished, 129 in number, are so general or conflicting, 
that without much additional information a truthful 
ml lit' the battle is impossible For these reasons 
I am anxious to get all the information I ran from all 
participants, and especially from those of the com- 
mands not reported, which are as follows: 

Alabama: Infantry Stone's Battalion of Sharp- 
shooters, Regiments 4th, 15th, llth. 17th and 48th, 
and (8th Battalion. Artillery— Dent's, Kolb's, and 
Lumsden's. Cavalry Holloway's, Lenoir's, and Ma- 
- Companies, and l>t. 3d and 51st Regiments. 

Arkansas: Infantry- -First Mounted Rifles (dis- 
mounted), Itli and 31st Battalions, consolidated to 
1th, 2d and 25th Regiments; Wiggins' Battery and 
3d Regiment of < 'a\ airy. 

Florida : Mc( ants Battery. 

Georgia: Infantry First Battalion of Sharp-shoot- 
ers, Ri - 2d, 15th, 17th, 20th, 25th, 29th, 30th, 
16th, and 8th Battalion. Artillery -Harris', How- 
ell'*, Massenburg's, Peeples' and Wolihin's Batteries. 

Cavalry Regi tits 1st, 2d, 3d, 1th ami 6th, and Co. 

< i. _'d Regiment. 

Kentucky: Graves' Battery, and '_!d and 3d Regi 
ments of < lavalry. 

Louisiana: Infantry First Regiment and Itli Bat- 
talion. Artillery — LeGardeur's and section of 

Robinson's Batteries. Cavalry- Dreux's and Green- 
leaf'e < lompanies and 1st Regiment. 

Mississippi: 1 nfantry Pound's Battalion of Sharp- 
shooters and 13th, 17th, 18th and 21st Regiments. 
Artillery Darden's and Stanford's Batteries. Cav- 
alry- Fowle's ( lompany. 

Missouri : Barret's Battery. 

North Carolina: Infantry Nineteenth and 39th 
Hints. < avah y Sixth Regiment. 

South Carolina: Infantry Third, 7th, 8th, I5tb 
and 'Jlili Regiments and 3d Battalion. Artillery 
Culpeper's Battery. 

inessee: [nfantry Third, 10th, 30th, 34th and 
list Regiments and ls1 Battalion. Artillery Bax- 
Carnes', Eiuggins', Huwald's, Mebane's, Morton's 
and White's Batteries. Cavalry ('lark's and Jack 
son's Companies; Rucker's 1st Legion, composed of 
12th and 16th Battalions; Shaw's Battalion, composed 
nf Hamilton's Battalion and Allison's Squardon, Regi- 
ments 2d, Itli, commanded by Col. McLemore, and 
4th, commanded by Lieut.-Col. Anderson, 5th, 6th, 
8th, 9th, 10th, llth and 18th. 

Texas: Infantry Seventh and 9th, and 10th, llth 
and 32d, dismounted cavalry. Cavalry Eighth arid 
. J 1 th Regiments. 

Virginia: Jeffress' Battery. 

Con lleiiulars: Cavalry First, 3d, 8th and 

10th licgiinents. and a detachment of John 11. Mor- 
gan's men. 


A I. A I'. \ \l A 


Ai.iH ir 1'n Dapi \v A Handle] 861. 

btI\ Hie i amp Miller 

Ddrla Alexan ,ln:i 

AlexaoderClty Lee H)l 

Andalusia. Harper 25tf.. 

Annlslon Pelliam., 

Ashlat d in in \ i '. i layton 827,. 

Asln Mi.- si. cialr 

Athene Thou I. Hobbs 

Auburn .\uhut n 

Bessemer.. Bessemer 

Birmingham.. . W .1 Hardee 
sport, i" \\ i.. • i. ' 
i : I< ii Franklin K. Bei 

I iilT'illlnIi . I : < 1 1 1 4 • l'l.ken-. 

\\ i ...n nil 
Coalburg I 

I )aie\ tile Cruwf-Klmbal 848. 

Bdwa rdsvllle ' lamp Wiggonton 

Eutaw Sanders 84 

Bvergn eu * 'apt Win Let 

Florence >•:. \ I I'Ni a 

Fori Paj ne ,W N i-.-i.- 

Gadsden Enima snnsoi 

Gaylesville lobu Pelbara 111. 

Grei asboro ...Mien e. Jones 

' ■- llie sjini'i i. Adams 

Uuln I : • i "Hi' d< rati 

i luntersville .... Mont. Gtlbreal b 

limn llton Marl iy ;:i.i 

Hartselle Frlendshi p .. 

Huntsville Egbert .1 Jones 

Jackson^ i I li ■ . e.ii. .las. i j. Martin. ..292 . 

i. ii I :i,\ ette A. A. Greene 

Livingston .. en in e su in i . ■ 

Low'r Peach tree. K ll i . Galui .(to 

Low ndesl T l Bollock 881 

Marlon I W Qarretl . . 277 

Madison Sta \ \ Russell 

Mobili .. Raphael Semmes. 1 1 

Monroeville George W Fostei 

Montgomery Lomax 151.. 

i i Lee County. 

' ixford <':ini|i Lee 

0/.ark Ozark 880 

Piedmont Camp sn-v, 

Pi area's Mill Roberl I. Lee 
Roanoke Uken-Smltb 288.. 

Robinson spr ...Tom McKel I 

Rockfnrd Henry W. Cox 

Scott.- -.. N n Forresl 

Seal. lames F. Waddell 

Selma < latesby R.l is 

Spring v tile . Sprl ngville 

SI i'ihiiI ('.mi |i Mr!.. ■ 

St. Stephens . John Jamea..... 

s mi ill. hi Col. i inrrel I 

Talladega Charles \i . Shell! y. 

'lin.iii:i-\ [lie I 'n mi' i McFarland 

i ' cumbla.. James Deshler 

Tuskaloosa... i lamp EtodeB 

["roj Camp Rufflu 

I Inlontown Tom i lalema 

Verbena . Camp < iracle 
Vei imiii Camp I I'Neal .. 
Wet umpka.. Elmore < '.unity 
Wedowee Randolph 


I J 


22 1 


'J M. 






.,. i i. 

M \' Mulllns, ll A Brown 

W 11 Mot mil. Ass 

■ Mai nn. I I Clark 

i; U lii a-. A s Smith 

. in.i. F. i nomas, .1. M. Robin- 
son, Br. 

.(..hi, m. McKleroy, W. ll. 

a s stockdale, DLl ampbell 

John W. 1 hui! . In-. I I. i 
I i i .nnli hi. 

< i l '. smith, Jamea ll 
W. K. Jones, V 11. Sewall 
It ii.i.ii,. -. p K McMIUer 
in. Johnson, R. A Ji 

.ml. .1. H. Foster 
M. 1,. Stausel, It. L'pchurch 

- Powi rs, .1 A. l-'.llioii 
I ll Brook, I:.- w Barnbarl 
,W C Mcintosh, Win. I.. Rows 
W r in om n. i .1 Burton 
i. li. Cole, F. ll. Mundy 

P I i lion I, B, 

A. M. i I'Neal, i M ' row 

.1 N Da\ Idsou, a I' McCartney 

.lie. A Iken, Jos. I: Uui 

l: K w I, i. W B Bell 

a. \i. ivorj . E. I . Pasteur 
ushaw, F 1 

. . W N llal-ev 

K T Coles, i I. Bui Re 

\ .1 Hamilton, .1 F Hamilton 

.Matt K Milium, T .i Sin 

P. Turner, \V M Ersklne 

.1, ll. i i.i.i w. n. i.. \V. Granl 
.1. .1. Robinson, Geo, 11. Black 

in hapman, 

n U Poi ii-. \ .1 MeC ell 

.1 I. Hint CD Whitman 

.1 i ii l M Thomas 1 1 udson 

w I • Kohl !•: w 

ll,,,- i Roeln . •» hi E Mlckle 
W W McMillan, 1' I. Se\ I lie 
I '.in in. t i I lebcls, .1 II 1 1 
I; M. Greene, J, '!■ Burton 
I'h. i- II Barry, John T Pearce 
,W K Painter. .1 I. Williams 

J S n i. I. I ergusou 

Jim Pearce. F M I 

w . \. Handley, B. M. Mi - 


I K J -. W li WheUI 

K. L. Smith, W. '!'. Johnson 
i II Voin.K, J P Harris 
R. ii. r„ llamy, P \ i ■ re. 
Thoa P w hltbj . Edw P Gall 
A. W. Woodall, w J. Sprulell 

A JTli |. .J Lstrlckland 

A T Hooks, J M Pel ham 
K.I Morrow . I: B Cater 

w .1 K lea, I T Dyi 

Jus N i allaban, Geo B Hall 
A. II. Keller, l. P. Guj 
.A C Hargrove, \ 
.W.D.Henderson, L.H.Bo 

.— . i ' i ■ . in i 

K. Wells, .1. A. Mitchell 

.1 P Young, T M W Is 

J. K. Maull, llul T. Walker 
C.C. Enloe, R. B. Pati 

\i;k \nsas. 

\lnn. Cabell 202...Jamea E. Smith, J. i : 

Bei i * ■• ■ Id 1 1, Dodd 16 --ii Wbltthome, I ' E Shoe- 

ma i.'-i 
Bentonvllle... Camp Cabell B8 N. 8. Henry, A. J. Bates 

l; levllle Camp Evana 155 G W Evans, D BCastleberry 

I'ehtre Point Haller. 192. ..J. M. Somervell, J. C. Ansley 

Charleston .Pal Cleburne 191... \ SC ill. 

i Ouwaj .. i, ii I >a\ i- 218 .A. P. Witt, W. 1' 

hiv.'ii. ■■. ill. W. H. Brooks 216...T. M. Gunter, I. M. Pati 

Fori sin iih BenT DuVal 148 M M Gorman, Col R M Fry 

i lm Co. V. \ 
..Ben Mel lullocb 



Allien Pike 

1 1 n in i ii j i,,n Stonewall 

Little Rock . .. ' r R Weaver 


■ i H 1 1 > 
W I. 

Hacketl Cltj 

i [ope 

Hi. I Sp 


..IK 11 

! nnli. \ Mllum, M Stroup 

I i: ! ■ 
208 .N. W. St. wart, John F.Si 
.. n In., m Harrell, A i 'url 

I89...L ll Lake, A II Qon 

Win I'.;, 1. 1|, i. ,11. .1 ll Paschal 
Roberl W Harper 2H7...W. B. m. una. R. W. Harrison 

Nashville In.' 208... W E Cowling, EG ll 

irl rum ll.n.liiiaii 818... ,T. T.Ward 

Pari- Ben McCul gb 888 .1 1 1 Sadli r, w m Snoddy 

Prairie Grove ...Pralrii Grove 884... . Win Mitchell 

i 11 Walter Bragg 128... W J Blake, O S Jones 

Van iiniei. lohn Wallace 'Jim ..John Ulen.J m 

on Sterling P ill .LPFuller, V M Fullei 

Woo-i.-r rosephE Johnston 181 w A Milam, W J Sloan 


I'.aiiow Francis B Bartow... 284 w n Reynolds, J A Vrmistead 

Brookville w. \v. Loring 18...J. C. Da van t, K. L. Robertson 

Chlpley McMillan 217...S M Robinson, G w Cook 

Dade City Pasco C. V. \— 'n. ,. '.7...Ja- E Lee, A H Ravesiea 




LPT. GBO. \ DlGGONS, lis 1 11 I' 1 vv. IMVSTRV. 

When I look in the mirror to-day, 

And Bee tlir locks fast turning to gray. 

As many a wrinkle I Badly trace, 

By time ami Borrow lefl "ii m> 

When 1 miss the bright, the youthful glow, 

I think of the ban I times long ago; 

( if the bard times, old man, 
Tlij bard times long 

How shabby the clothes we used to weai ' 
How many burdens we had to bear! 
How hungry often, but oh, 1h>\\ sweet, 
The bacon and bread we go) to eal ' 
Yel hope, I we still, though rations van low, 
Soldiering in the hard times long ago; 
In the bard times, old man, 

Ttie bard times long ;e_'". 

Who can the gloomy nights 

When stamlini; |.n kit. nr lone * idette. 

With bin four 1 Boff and two hours 

Tired and sleep] In longed for the dawn? 
Or the ride, or tramp, through ram in snow, 
lie made in the bard times long ago; 

In the bard times, old man. 

The bard times long ago. 
None can forgi t the sudden alarm. 

The ski rni is 1 1 line ami the battle storm : 
The faees sad, round the lire at night, 
Thinking of the boj s *\ ho fell in the fight 
Alas' o'er many the daisies grow, 
\\ ho died in the bard tit 

I n 1 he hard times, old man. 

The hard times long ago. 

But, oh! how lovely the girls were then. 

And ^r 1 »:b net the master ol men : 

And nol for wages we fought, but lore, 
And faith we had in a heaven abo 1 
And .Hi 1 n't profess " no God to know," 
We boys "t' the hard times, I. ,1 

Of the hard times, old man. 

Tin 1 hard times long ago. 

When I ,all In mind old times to-d 

Ami think of the hoys who passed away. 

I remember soon must comi the time 
When all ..I 11* must fall into line 
With the gallant boys we used to know 

Who died in the hard times long a) 
In the hard times, old man. 
The hard times long ago. .Ions l'.i TTi I 



The drum's; loud call, the war of battle, 
The foeman's cry, the dread death rattle. 

Is heard no n 
The cause is lost, but it was just. 

Though Pixie's hope lies low ill dllst. 

We mourn no more. 
For Peace— Sweet Peace! hath said to-day: 

" Look up. fair South, thy fame's aln 

iile once ■ 

Grandson of \ Vi lERan.— Willie Callan, Menard- 
ville, Tex., Bays: "Grandpa sent me the Confedi 
Veteran for L893. I do not want to lose a number. 
Enclosed find subscription for the new year. I am not 

the son, but the grandson of an old veteran, ami I love 
them all. and also tin cause in which Ihey lost all but 
principle and honor." 


POSTOf i h p, 

Defnniak Sptp E. Klrby-Smitb 
demanding \ .--.. 
Inverness. 1 ...... T. Ward 

Jacksom II le 1; 1 ■ . 1 . . 

Jacksoni Iile Ji 11 I> ,\ Is 


Juno Pattoi 


Marianos M lion 

Hontlcello. Pattoi 

Ooala Mai Ion Co. C. V. A 



Pensaoola. Ward C V. ■ 

Qulncy D. I. Ki 1 




Kirl.y Smith 


st Petersburg ' amp 

. tndls I 

Ilia.. ; \ \ 

I F.RS. 

Btubbs, D. G. Mi 
W. N. Thompson, I. A. Hall 
.W C Zimmerman, W S Turner 
I .,. W w 1 
E. Merrll 1 I 
bt. .1. Stewart. J. K. Hauna 

. .1 F Hiith-iintli 

\\ li. Moore, W. M. Ives 
W ]> Barnes, 1 T; 

W G .1 

.1. 1 '. Pelot. J. W. N 

ompKon, |{ ,1 Jordan 
U. H. M. Da\ IdBon, 1' M. Me- 

.t A I 

A. M. Thrasher, 1 H. 1.. n. r 
W.C Dodd, 1 wick 

David 1 ong, R \ \\ liitt 
I W. Mi 11 111. II 

I II Blaki . 

Atlanta 1 .iii.m Count ■ 

KM." 1 

Rabun < - ■ 

' Jow ph KJok nton 

Vet. H'l 

I :.'.! 


•spring I 

W 1 > Mil 

I W I 


I'll. .in 


\ Inn 

M' .1 Whltsitt, 1; 1 

n, W. It. 1 
IS 1: .. v 

! . W II Pbl 


II. I.I- 

- .1 W White, 1; 1 



Mc LIB) 1 B. Coll na U 


August lui B B001 ey, 1 1: 

H. Kills, . I 
Brlen, W J I 
lietliel 1 

Cam pi 


Kmiie nci 1 

B. Johnston 233 Wm Stanley, JnoW Hi flia 


1IM fl W Jo [ S I .1,1, 

Harrodsburg.. Wm Prestoi 9 Bush W. Ulin.J 

•1 Hardin Helm .101 ..P. H. Thom 

Mt Stei 

Nlcholasvirie Humpb'y Marshal T. I.illard 

Padui pson I74...WG Bullitt, J. M. Bn 

lohn II. Morgan. 

mond.. Thomas I'. 1 
lohn W. 1 'al 
lobn H. \v 
Winchester.. Roger W. 1 1 

1 T. Forsyl - lines 

\u- Bufor I 


. I I.Watts,W.W.Wb1tt 
Amite City Sunt. City - L.P.Ric-hai 

»-...... ......A n A. 1 "leu 

Baton j. McUrath, r. \\ 

Benton ! 109.. .S M Thomas. B B 

I 1 1 Brlen 
Com pie i ap Perot 11 Hamilton 

38 SAP 
Kuril,. 1 \ iile C. V.A.i ■■ ■ ,-, I> Arenl 

Franklin Floilao Con W R Collins, Tho 

Uoniales P. O...I 11 1 . Brown 

Jackson I 

Laki V.t. 

1. l'r 

II. M,i lei land 
' \ . K 11.1 1,|.. \\ . !.. Hi it. I, lugs 

Manderrllle. Gen Geo.Moorman..270...Jos. L. Dicks, R. O. Pizzetta 

Mansfield Moo ton tl 1 .Schuli 

Merrick Isaiah Norwood.... 110. D. T. Merrl, lylor 

Monro,- Henry W. Uleo is: W R 

Natchitoches, Natcbtto, - 10 .1 A Prndhomme, W D Har- 

leans. LrmyofN.Vi : W. R. Lyman, T. B. O'l 

x. ^ ' irleans. Army of Ten 1 ■ 1 any 

N, « Orleans Vet-Con.States Ca\ B Wm. Laugblln, E. R, 




LOUIS] \N A Continued. 

D. Caldwell, Division Freight Agenl of R. & l>. It. 
R. Co., Columbia, S. •'.: "1 take the Veteran, and 
enjoy it. I notice you address it to 'Col. I». Cald- 
well.' 1 was not a Col '1 when I was in the «ar, I 

was l'in a private. I was a boy ami pulled tin lan- 
yard t<> a gun in McGregor's Battery, Stuart Horse 
Artillery, which formerly formed part of Pelham's 
Battery, Army of Northern Virginia. 

"I am glad to see thai you often tell of the bravi 
deeds ami great achievements of our armies. 1 am 
also glad to see that you give the private soldier a 
chance, ami tell some of his personal exploits in 
camp. Here is one that took place late in the sum- 
mer of HI. when the cavalry was trying" to hold the 
Van kees back from tin' Boydton |>lank road ami the 
Welden Railroad : < >ne hoi afternoon our battery was 
ordered into camp near Jones' farm. When we had 
Spread our blankets and unsaddled —that was all we 
had to do. as we had no tents— some of the hoys went 

out to see wdiat the neighborh 1 afforded in the way 

of something to eat. very soon one of them returned 
with information that Mr. Jones' watermelon crop had 
not been harvested, but lay in full view, and that the 
ground was fairly covered with luscious melons. The 
fellow who brought the news was asked why lie did 
not bring in a sample, when he informed us that 
there was a guard over the patch. For a moment the 
situation was gloomy. Soon Joe Pearl, rarely ever 
downed by trifles, said : 'Boys, I've got it; get ready 
to 'at Jones' melons.' Do you tellers join me! 1 
will go on guard in the field myself and you hoys lay 
along the fence in the bushes and I'll mil out the 
melon-. We had great faith in Pearl as a manager, 
hut did not see how he would L'et away with the guard 
already in charge. Well, we did as he directed. 
With a sabre banging to hi- belt he mounted the 
fence and boldly advanced on the 'true, true' guard, 
who. in time, challenged, 'Halt!' Guard Pearl did 
not stop, but he commanded, 'Halt!' 'Who are you?' 
" I am on guard here.' he answered. ' Whose command 
do you belong to?' demanded Pearlin haughty tones. 
He replied, to ( Iraham's Battery. Ah! that 'sail right. 
said Pearl, I am from McGregor's; you watch that 
end and I will watch this, and the goose said 'all 
right.' In a few minutes our 'guard' began to roll 

out the largest and best melon- n mlcr t he fence. We 
held a council of war to decide whether we should give 
our officers any of them or not. finally we decided 

to roll a melon or tWO down to where they had their 
bivouac, and it was noticed that not one of them even 
cared to know where they come from. One was a 
preacher, too. 

" None of these young men ever went to the peni- 
tentiary. Since the war some of them have been really 
good men." 

(apt. I!. II.Teague. Aiken, S.C.: " This makes two 
subscriptions to the Veteran that this noble minded 

ex-federal veteran. Rev. T. S. Bailey, ha- given to hl- 
brothers in gray." 

C. T. ford write- from ( I reenton, Mo. : " 1 am a sub- 
scriber to your staunch magazine, and am exceedingly 

pleased with it as a medium for interchange of thought 
between veterans, whose thin gray lines arc getting 
farther apart each year, and will so < ontinue until the 
last tattoo will he sounded, and we will ' cross over the 
river to rest under the trees.'" 

PO8T01 I II I . CAMP. 

NewOrleans.. ..Wash, Artillery.. 
New Orleans...., Henry St. Paul... 

1 lakley robn Peck 

< Ipelousas R. K. l 


., 18 


Plai|iiemine Il.ervillc IB. 

Rayvllle.. Richland 152.. 

Rustin Ruston 7. 

sport- U .n LeRo] Stafford 

Tangipahoa Camp Moure Rl 

i hi laux Braxton Bragg 198 

or I ICHK.S. 

It K Bahelman, L A Adanu 

J. Demoruelle, \ li I; i, 

w. s. Peck, J. w. Powell 
I.. 1 1 la. -i ..n. I!, in. I<1 
< !.H.Dlcklnson .1 .1.. I tardenne 
.1. s. Bnmmerllu, u. T. smith 
.A. Barksdale, .1. I.. Bond 
w K Innej . w H Tunnard 
0. P. a ma. a;, i .... i: Taylor 
B.T.Grlsamore, M. N.Coulon 


Amory Stonewall Jackson 127 W A Brown, 

neviUe w. Jl. H. Tlson ITS D. I . Reals. J, W. Smith 

Brandon Rankin 285.. Patrick Henry, R.S. Maxe] 

Brookhaven Sylvester Qwln 285...J.A. Hoskins, J. RDaugbtry 

Canton E. Giles Henry 812...E. C. Postell. .1. M. MUle 

" hi -i. i I: ■ . la. « hi 138 .1 II Evans, w M I: Tts 

COlUmblU Ishalii Harris.. li 27, E I, I. in. -..111. K P Richards 

( Irystal Sp'gs.. Ben Humphreys., i" ..C. Humphries, J. M. 1 1 




tireenvllle . 

w. a. Montg rj 26 w . \. Montgomery, 'I'. 11. w. 

W l. Stephen, T B Hammetl 
i; w w illtamson, w a Gil- 

Ueu.S.W. Ferguson, W.I 

1..1. Whitney •-"-' 

Hugh A. Rl x n.. I. Is. -JIS 

,.W. A. Percy 

Grenada w. H. Barksdale, 1KB...J W Young, Julius Ash 

Harpersville... Patrons tJnlou 272. M W Stamper, C \ Una 

Hattlesburg Hattlesburg 2I...O. D. Hartfleld, E. II. Harris 

Hernando DeBoto 220...Sam Powell, C. 11. Robertson 

Hickory Flal .. Hickory Flat 219...W. A. Crum, J. J Hicks 

Iuka Tl8l Ingo C. Vel l23...Geo P Hamm 

Hollj Springs Ell Molt. 

Jackson Robert A Smith.... 

Lake Patrons Union 

Lexington Walter I. S> im 

Liberty Amite County 

Louisville lolin M Bradley... 

Mabi n Stephen D Lee... 

Macon i: is Longstreel 

Magnolia Stockdule 

Meridian Walli all 

Miss, city Beauvoir 120 

Natchez Natchez 20, 

NewAlbanv Oen M P Lowrj I-' 

Fori Gibson Clalborn 187 


. VJ.. 

Rolling Fork. ...Pal R Cleburne., 

Rosedale Montgomery 

Sardis .In. i I! Dickens.. 

Senatobia Bill Feenej 

Tupelo I.ilin M. Stone.. 

Valden..* Frank Liddell. 

Vicksburg Vicksburg 

Winona M. Karivil 

Woodvllle Woodvllle 

Yazoo City Yazoo 

. i ■'. Faut,S. n. Pryor 
ji ... ii .1 \ Smith, USG 
272 M. W. Stamper, C. A. llud- 

.ll-sl. Ill 

898 ii .i Keld, F a Howell 
228 P K Brewer, Geo A McGehee 
852...M A M i it -. Jno B Qage 
2! i . .. is. Cooke, J. L. Sherman 

1KU...H. W. !•', .1. 1.. Griggs 

824 K II Felder, 8 A Matthew 
25... W. F. Brown, B, V. White 
Uen. .1. u. Davis, E. s. Hewen 

.F.J.V. I. ml. K I.. Hopkins 

i ' s Robertson, U F Rogers 
A. K. Jones, W. w . Moon 
.1 C Hall, Jno - Joor 
F A Montgomery, CC Farm 
It II Taylor, .1 It it mthe 
. . n Shonds, I P Hill 
Gen l M st«ine, P M Savery 
..■ C. Balnes. w. J. Booth 

82 n \ i lampbell, .1 1> Laughiln 
.81I...J. K. Blnford, C. 11. Campbell 

.. in ... i. n. .loins. P. M Stocketl 
178 s n Robertson,! U DuBulsson 


Kansas city Kansas City... 

..!..- W Mercer, Geo It Spratl 


Bryson ciiv Andrew Coleman., 801 

Charlotte Mecklenburg 882 

Clinton Sampson 187. 

Concord Cabarrus Co. C.V. \ 212 

Hickory - Catawba 182 

Littleton Iiinins Daniel 828, 

Hi 1 1 si. in. i I.e. ii i i.las J .M in i 1 1 is, 

Ryan Confederate iit. 

Salisbury i barles F. Fisher 809 

Salisbury Col i has F Fisher 

States vl lie i '..i R i ' pbell 

Washington Bryan i Irlmee 

Wilmington I tape Fee r 

Winston Norfleel 


El Reno El Reno 848 

Guthrie Camp Jamison 847.. 

Norman h B Gordon 200.. TJ Johnson, w C Renfro 

Oklahoma City ..D H Hammons I77...J W Johnson, .1 OCasler 


I-:. Everett. B. ll Cathey 

. ..l Roessler 

R ll Holllday. Jno \ Beaman 

.1. F. Will, foul. C. M.l aid 

.!. U. Hall, L. It. Whin-ma 
.John P. l.i i rli 

W I, I don, II A London 

. . T MoByrde 

.1 no K Ramsay, .1 ' ' Bernhardt 
Big . Col ,i i; Crawford, C R Barkei 

894 ..PC Carlton, 

124 R R Warren. C (' Tl s 

254... W. f. l'i 'II i. Win. Blanks 

i is I .1 Brown, Sam'l ll smith 

Abbeville Seci Bslon ll". 

Aiken Barnard K. Bee... B4. 

Anderson L'ump Benson 887, 

Beaufort Heaufori M 

Charleston Camp Sumter 2-iO. 

Charleston Palmetto ' luard 81 i 

CberaW ,1 It Kershaw i 1 

i lolumbla Hampton 

I iinieans I lean 

Kasie\ ...Jasper Hawtborn.... 286. 

Edgefield CH. \i r Perrlu W 

Florence Pee 1 890 

Glj mphvllle Ulympb\ llle 899 

— , W A Templeton 

it H. league, J. N. wlgfall 
M p Trlbbe, i N Vandlver 

Tli"- B While, 

R, n . I Johnson, .1. W. Ward 

i Bulst, a Baron Holme* 

TheoT Malloj .so. lodfrey 
A P Brov ii. |. R Flennikln 
\ n Dean, J V 
It. E. It.. wen. J. H. It. .".n 
,i 1 1 Brooks, Thos w Carwile 
E w Lloyd, Win Quick 
i, P Milter, 

Greenville R.V. Pulltam 297!."j. W. Norwood, P.T, Hayne 

< Ireenwood I ' W\ai I \ iI..n 182 

Ml Pleasant Thos M Wagner 110 

Newberry lames l> Nance 886, 

Pickens w,.if Creek 412. 

Rock inn Catawba 278, 

Socastee routed. Suv. Vss'n.,418 

Spartanburg ....Camp Walker 885. 

Sumiiierv ille lien .las I 'on nor 874. 

Sumter Dick Anderson 

St. Georges Stephen Klliott 51., 

s Porches, .las R Tomlluson 
, .1 W Gary, C F Boyd 
Jae \ Griffin, ll B Hendricks 
i ladr Jones, w It imnlap 

Jeremiah smith, 

,i,,s walker, A B W Iruff 

i leo Tupper, P ll Hutchinson 
.1 n Graham, P P Ualllard 

R W Minus. .1 Ote\ Reed 


V, Y. CO 



THE <>L1> SONG. 

1:1. \ . \\ . ITM h \ POWERT. 

Down in iht' lowgrounds, where the rustic cabin stands, 

A ml pine* lean gauol against tlx sky, 
I lii-it r again the weird carousing of the bands; 
I'll t-ir low mm' I quaint old lullaby; 

Moaniug, and crooning, mm. I strong, 
Through tin' grove it swells along, 
The st. 11. Bad, negro's song, 

n 'tis moonlight in a year long gone away ; 
The summer breeze a perfume brings 
From down the meadow sweet «nli new mown hay, 
Ami chant 1 'i one » In. sings, 

(loaning, and crooning, and 

It Sweeps through tin 1 grove along, 

'Ihi' low. Bad, negro's Bong. 

Now like the soughing wind, in solemn, rhymeless lay, 

Bo ~"ii. and l<>\\ . an. I Bad it ewt 
'I'll. 11 stronger still the chorus bursts in sadder way. 
As it si. in. • superstition t- 

Moaning, ami ci Pong, 

Through the grove it Bweeps along, 
'I'lif low . sad, negro's Bong. 

1 md il"' li.' an. I distant w Is the music 1 

and tlits : 
Then as inspii ed bi gins > 
The bending pines, harmonious »iili their plaintive 
I', in! kin.lh tt ill. 1 I Bl tain : 

Moaning, an. I crooning, and - 
Through the grove it swells along, 
The Bolt, Bad, negrt ■ - sung. 

o night "I year from out my happy past remain I 
( '' back in. n 1 those .lav-. 1 1 

softly, in 11 iin nr. .in. .n ye men its old refrain ; 
M y memory ln>ltls it \ el too Btroi 

Moaning, ami crooning, an. I Btrong, 
li sv\ eeps through 1 he grove al 
I'lif low, Bad, negro's song. 

A. S. Colyar's Tribi it I.. .1 11 1 ERsoti Davis.— Hon, 
Washington Gardner, of Michigan, writes While 
not wishing t" It a party to anj controversy, it is bul 
justice t.t all interested t" say that my 
of the reply of tin' Hon. Mr. Colyar t < > the question 
in regard t't Mr. Davis could give no offense to his 
most ardent admirers. He replied in substance, and 
almost in thf following language, according to my 
best recollection ; "I think Mr." Davis was thoroughly 
honest and - He had become bo imbued with 

thf history "t Washington ami his strug om- 

patriots, and so accustomed t < > see analogies in thf 
Confederate situation, that he believed Providence 
would in some way bring relief and the Confederacy 
would succeed in its efforts t.. establish a permanent 

Tin: N. B. Forrest Camp, Chattanooga, Tenn., passed 
resolutions in honor of Joseph F. Shipp, who has 
served that Camp faithfully ami well for seven con- 
utive years a- Commander, ami now retires from 
that office of his own choice. The resolutions were 
adopted unanimously ami by a rising vote, not in thf 
meaningless manner usual upon such occasions, l>ut 
in all sincerity and truth, that "The thanks of this 
Camp be extended to him for his wise and impartial 
rulings at all times, his universally courteous man- 
ner, ami hi- earnest ami energetic w>rk tor thf i_">t»l 
ni' tho Camp, to which is largely due its success ami 
importance that it has attained; also, thai resolutions 
be spread of record, ami that thf Adjutant present 
Commander Shipp with a copy i>t" tin 




Browos\ ill. Hiram S Bradford 

Chattanooga N. B. Forrest 

Clarkt-n 11 ■ 1 orbes 

Fayettevtlle. .Sbackelford-FultOD. 

Franklin.. Gen. J. W si 

Jackson Jno tngrara 

Know ,1. Felix K. Zolllcoffer. 

I 'red A tilt 
Lewlsburg Dibit 

McKenzie Stonewall Jackson 

Memphis Confed. Hist. Ass'n 

Murfreesboro. J. 

Nashville Frank Cheatham. 

Win. 1 
Tullaboma.. Pierce B. In 

Willt'h.'-l. I I'm 11. J 





. 11 .11 it Ingston 


1 lllman, w H Cashion 

SV\I all, I . . si. ihnon 
M B Hun 

t \ . \i, .*,.<. j w s. Frlerson 
>s . P. it\ Ine, w . 1.. 1 .:. 
Marsh \ 1 u Isson. .1 P.t iunnon 

. W 1 . ■>. ■. . K..I 1 

W.S.M lettet 

Thos II Smith, J PHI 
J. M. Hastings. J ti 


1 r\ is 

Abilene raj lot I 

Alvarado. \ arado. 

Al\ in Win ll.irt 

Al vord - ' 

Archer fit 


Al Uiui.'i si' "i- « all J 

I. ' ' \i ,■ ■ 

mont \ 3. Jobnsi 

Bel ton • Con. As I.-.' 

So 1: ... 
. into 

Brownw I 

1 B 1 . • . 
Bufmlot otc 

Calvert w 1 I. ...ill 

1 'ampbt II 

r 1 Hogg 
nil III! 
. 'amp Mel nt. .-It 

Cleburm 1 



R. I 

. 11-1..11 
M. Wlnl 

Crockt 1 1 

Col 1 1 11 si llle B 

1 i : ■ 1 •■ 

Camp Brook 

Sterling 1 1 
it. ■.inn Ben m 

DeKalb Tom « 

BUl RoS* 
It,. ,1,1 1 iiv . amp Ma si ■ 

Dublin F.rath A Comancl 

El Paso I 

Emma 1 one SI:, 1 

w p. 1 M ■ ' • 
Florest W son I Ounty 


Ftirt Worth K I I ■ 

Kr..-l 1; .. Mi. 

' ... on in 1 

Galveston. Magi udi 1 

Gonza lea. ohn CO K 

F G Hodges 
n loung Count] 

. ■ , .1 •• , 
i View .1 I Johnst 

Josi pit E JnhiiHtn 

■ .1 .hilii. - '. 

Hamilton \. B. Jobnsti 

Hemsti ."! 1 . i" ' In 

Hendt rson. Ras Redv 

Henrietta Sol K"-~ IT-' 

Hill Count] 
Hone] Gro> e. 1 ogan 1 t;t\ 
Houston Dick 1 

Huntsvllle., John C Upton 
Jacksborougb ...Camp Morgai 
Jacks Ubmp Hnghes . 

Kaufman . 
Kilgore. Buck 1 

Kingston I. 8. Johnston 71 

Ladonls Rob! .1.1 ee 
LaGrange 1 ol. B. Tlmn • 

. . I W Daugberty. 

II. I„ Bentley, Then n 
Jesse w Hi 

Wm Hart, Uf H H To 
.1 M Jones, W ' ■ ! 
II .1 Brooks, I M • 
It M. Morgan, w I 

tinson, J. N. Simmons. 

t , W s 
W M 

II M Cook, 1: II I 

.1 P. lli.ln. 
W in. I 
W I '■ 
It t 1 . kin 

II B Stoddard, w II lln 

.1 11 King, J 1 Matlhi 

tliain. H F Kel- 

1 -i.nli 
W. 1>. I hon 

ml. .1 M. V 

an, .1. M. W 

1.; 1 1 C 6 

I. F. J 

. HI .1 J 

n w \ m 

.-!' W - 

i."i Hugh tirton. 

I'.ll l':i\ I"-. W] 11 

John W. M 1 ■ 

w 1 • i 

W 1 Igd VI' t 

I \1 I 

V B Fraser, w \1 ( 

M. 1 W :tkf- 

.1 M msi 

T N W Mill. 1 W HSlllllgtOII 

. nider*. 

.1 I Martin, W II Thompson 

Lampasas R. r Lee 

I,i\ ingston Ike Tu I 

Lubbock F. li. Lubbock 

Madisonvllle Jno Q Walker 

Martin Willis I 

Mi in phis Hall t "nuniy 

1. \ King, .1 T Owen 

.. w Tipton 
Mena'rdvllle .. .Henardville . -- 1 M Kitchens, 

ill. t;iniil- 
Wm [lodge* \\ 1 
V G Gray, V M Kdwai 

■ 1 Hatfield 
w S Ward, a II Hefnei 

Battle I .hi. 1. A 11 Snt 
V. B. Thornton, S. Bchwars. 
.1 M Mays, ' 

. c. B. Patti 
. Win w i 

W. Lambert, s.K 
.1 M Smlther, K K Gon 
s w Eastln, w .1 Dent 
s II Hi. ■ . -. \ I 
JOS. 1 1 

w \ Miller, 1; *' Wyiui 

w B Merrill, .1 R Arthur 
. .1;. II. Phelps, N. HoJn 

11 Haynle 

W. D. Crump, '-. W. Shannon 

.1: « 



TEX \- I 

SO- 0F1 [I 

.115 RoW Donnen. .1- W. Utams. 
:■• J. r Tucker, \. \. Baker. 
••I c I. Watson, h w Williams 
.1 11 HuOmaster, T .1 Goodwin 
T. Turner, B. Blrdwell. 
c. L. DUlahunl y, J.C. Turner. 
R Bean, K. D. Rugelej . 
W ll Harris, n \v Sadler 


I [I K • AMI'. 

Meridian \. B. Johnston.., 

Merki . Mi rki 

Mexls I"« Johnston 

Mlnneola W 1 < bounty. . 

Mi. Bnterprlse..Rosser 

Mi. Pleasant . ' <•!. I iud Jones 

Montague i'..a> stone 

i amp Mel iregor 

UcKlnm ) i ollin C itj 109 T M Scott, II C Mack 

Mt Vernon Ben Mcculloch BOO W T Gass, J J Morris 

Nuvasota Hannibal ll B le IW W E Barry, las H Freeman 

New Boston Sul Ross G oH Rea, T J Watllugton 

Oakvllli Jonn Donaldson 195 ,C. C. Cox. T. M. Ch 

Palesl Ine Pali si Ine n 

Paradlsi I 

Parle \. -. Johnston 7u 

Patnl Rock Jell Davie 

" Hardeman 290. 

Richmond Frank Ten J 

Ripley i Jen Hood 

Rockwall Rockwall.... 

J.W.Ewing, J. M . In lliuwldei 

\ ,1 Jones, I . I Ma»ou 

i m ■ i ', r, S s k nl 

W. I. Melton, J. W . Katcbford. 
R M Harkness, Henry Maney 
r. v.. Peareson, B. F. atuart 
liter.Joo ii ll. i,i<i 
:i M. s. Austin, N. ' . Edwards 

Robj ,.W. W. Lorlng ra .DKpeer, IPKellej 

Antonio A.S.Jobnston l44...Joha 8 Koi I lark 

San VugU8tIne..JeffDavi6 886... , WAFIi 

San Saba W P Rogers. 322 George Harris, A Duggan 

Santa inna LQOLamui L M Cravens, W1U Hubarl 

Seymour Bedford Forrest 

man Mildred Lei 

south Prali 
twater. E. ( . Walthall. .. 
Rulphur Sp'gs... Matl Ashcrofl 

Taylor ...... A 8 i i»ton ... 

I E B sunn i 

irkana A P Hill 26B 

ryler \. s. Johnston., 

vemon C p < 'a bell l~"> 

Nil T. Hi. Peery, R. J. Browning. 

W .1 r Wilson, Robl Walker. 

9 W 1. II. In. i. 

82 W. Ii. Keall, J. ll. Freeman. 


:.. M. Henderson, M.G. Miller. 

I'.. .\l RoSS, Perrj Hawkins 

i \ \n! bony, V '.■ Relnhardt 
w .1 mi. ii. i Li lea \ Hooks 
J P ] houglas, si.i s Johnson 
s. i- . Hatchett, u. D. Mavis. 
'Aa... ....Pat Cleburne 222 ,C L. Johnson, W. C. Cooper 

Waxalia.-hi... \\ innir I I i\ |. KW I. .in YateS, J | '(',„, j,,. , 

Waxabachie ..... Parsons Cav. Ass'n..290... . \ M Dechman 

Weatherford Tom Grei a 169 J. P. Rice, M. V. Elnnison. 

ngton Collingsworth Co 25" J H McDowell. J M Tatee 

ion Bucbell 22* I N Dennlr, II T ' lomnton 

Wbitesboro Geo] I 288...J \» M Hughes, B M Wright 

Wichita Falls... W.J. Hardc-i 78... W R Crockett. Nt A Robinson 

Will's Point...... Will's Polnl 02 \> Uford. W A Benham 


Harrisonburg SBGibl - i 88 D H Lee Martz, J S Messerlj 

Reams Statlou-.J. E B. Stuarl 211. ..M A Moncure, A BMoncure 

Richmond. .... E Picketl an.. 

.....RE Lee 

Roanoke William Wntts., 205 

Weal Polnl rohn it. Cooke. L8i 

irasburg..McQrudei Ewell ..210 T J Stubbs, H T Jonee 
Winchester. Gen Turner Ash bj 240. ' bas W Mc Vicar, E G llollis 

Washington Wash, city Confed 171 ..J G M •e.TW Hungerford 

.l: N Northern, r Mc( lurdy 
A W M.hi i. .1 T Stratton 
S S Brooke, Hugh \v Fry 
ll. M. Miller, w. W. Green. 


■I. .1. Callan, Coleman, Texas, says: Tliis brings my 
list up tu sixty-one. I do nut know if this puts Cole- 
man at the head of the Texas list, for I do not know 
how well other comrades are doing; hut I do know- 
that in i in )] miii inn in population Coleman stands away 
above Nashville. It' Coleman, with L,200 inhabitants, 
furnishes sixty-one subscribers to the Veteran, in the 
-.inn. ratio I 'alias, headquarters of the Trans-Missis- 
sippi Department, should have at least 2,000 subscrib- 
ers. What a magnificent monument we could build 
to a nation's glory if all Southern cities ami towns 
proved their devotion as this little Texas village in 

this drought afflicted region has d il 1 hope they 

will. If they will get up a generous rivalry they can, 

Now, comrade, permit me, too, to offer a little gratu- 
itous advice: Keep the subscription at 50 cents for 
1894. I do nut write in my own behalf, for ours are 
paid all. lint there are thousands of veterans in Texas 
who fared badly this year mi account of drought. 
Even old subscribers, who would not take the price of 
,i whole year's subscription tor any one number, are 
unable to renew, [n God's providence they will he in 
better shape next year, and I have no doubt there will 
he a unanimous vote for increase of size and price. 

R. A.Owen, Port Gibson, Miss.: The Veteran is 
worth over a dollar to every veteran household, and 
must In- put at a price that you can afford to keep ii 
to the front. 

John M. .lolly. Marlin. Texas: 1 note what you say 

in regard to the price of the Veteran after January 1, 
1894, ami in soliciting subscriptions for same will do 
80 at $] per annum. This remittance will make 
twenty-eight subscriptions 1 have sent you. including 
my own renewal. 1 shall continue to do all I can for 
the Veteran, as I wish every Confederate veteran liv- 

Ould read it. 

c. 1.. Edwards, Esq., Dallas, Texas, whose adver- 
tisement in the V ETERAN wa- paid for in advance, -ays: 
The dollar sent in renewing subscription for the Vet- 
eran Was for .me year. You rnli yourself when you 
credit it for two year.-, and although lawyers ari 

considered as being entirely above predatory incur- 
sions upon their fellows, I don't ted exactly right 
when despoiling an old brother Confed. of his hard 
work at less than half its value. 

G. W. R. Bell, Cedar Springs, Ala. : To me the Vet- 
eran i> not only instructive ami entertaining, hut it 
is inspiring and elevating. It is my opinion that to 
continue the Veteran at the present price will accom- 
plish mure g 1, for the reason that the circulation 

will I., greater. I had rather forego the advanti 
improvement than deprive my brother of its benefits. 

M. T. Ledbetter, Piedmont, Ala.: Comrade N. I'.. 
Hogan, of Springfield, Mo., writes my sent in nut-, lie 

says: "We Ought indeed to make the VETERAN of 

world-wide reputation. Every Confederate and Con- 
federate organization should indorse and push its 
claims until it is firmly and securely established. I 
never go out without taking a sample copy, and never 

fail to show it and talk up its merits. 1 don't know 
who might want it. so I never fail to show it. 

frank A. Owen, Evansville, lnd.: I saw the first 
copy of the Veteran to-day. Inclosed find my check 

f..r si. it's a .as,, of love at first sight. I will keep 
the machine greased at any price you put it. as long 
as you print it, or until the long roll is called. 1 have 

not been in Nashville since the war. hut remember 
with much love such names as Col. Kite. Maj. Dick 
\l. la nn. ('apt. Cox. Lieut. Tindle. and others, on John- 
Son's Island, winter of '63. 1 remember Capt, Cox 
died of blood poison from vaccination. 

Thomas !:. fowler, Rfurfreesboro, Tenn., wrote some 

time since concerning an article in the October VET- 
ERAN, by Robert M. Frierson. in which the following 
statement appears: "When we were making tin- as- 
cent the horse of Adjutant Fowler, of the Second 

Tennessee, got into a bees' nest and rushed through 
the brigade riderless over sleeping men." I suppose 
that lam the Adjutant fowler referred to. hut 1 de- 
sire to state that [ was not, at that date, the Adjutant 
of the Second Tennessee, and was not the owner oi a 
horse, I was then a Lieutenant of the line, hut was 
afterward Adjutant in Mate's old Second Tennessee 
Infantry. My recollection of the event referred to is, 
that the command was toiling slowly up the mountain, 
weary and footsore, hut not "sleeping," when the 
horses attached to a caisson, from some cause, became 
unmanageable, and the head of the infantry column 
found it necessary to promptly open ranks and yield 
the road. The 'night being dark, this movement 

brought on a im ntary panic in the rear, when 

quite a number, now "veterans," who had faced death 
mi many bloody fields, took to their heels and to the 
w Is. 





The following list includes the subscriptions at 
places named where there are four or more. There are 
over' 7,000 paid subscriptions .-it over 1,600 po 
in more than 12 States and Territories. There are 
printed of this edition 10,000 cop 

\ 11 niston 5 

\i liens 22 

1 '.< ' I I 1 1 M I 1 

Birmingham .. 3u 

I Mlll'l'll 

I ;i 1 rollton 

1.1 u ml v lie 

Elk mon 1 In 

II .. 4 


1 : 1 1 1 : 1 \v I 

1 lorence 

Knin. In 

1 . reenvllle 



1 .inn ■ 
Hiintui lll< 

Arkade! i 


< Jamdeu 

Washington, D. 





1 1 J . M. \ 

Hoi Springe 
Little Rock. 

M. .111 11. Ml 





1 1 1 


!• Vi "liatldl mm 


Lake Wi li 




L.IW ||. |. Sl. Mill 11 

Lower PeaCht 1 1 
Mon ndvllle 

I'm iltii.iiil . H 




\ n n i;ui 1 1 

\. worth 1 

\ i in us 1 

\ 1 1|_ 1 1 -I :■ III 

l 'union. 17 

ere vl 1 1 i 

' UlcngO, Illinois. 

UEOKU1 \. 


. isboro . 

Hau i- 



i in. pa 

Tl His vile. I" 

Welborn i 


E\ hum llle H 

\ rdmore i ; 

. ..ii. > \ in. 


\nllioslon I 

\ ii- HSlB I 


Bow ling Ureen in 

Ington i 

Ellzabet htow n ■'• 

< leorgetown 7 

Harrodsburg 17 

Hendetson .... 67 

Hopktnsvllle li 

Ber« Ick 111 

Luke Charles. 

Baltimore.. .... 54 

INDI \N.\. 
INDIAN II Kill mi; . 

KANS 18, 

B I N II i KV. 
.1 list i<-. 

Lav n mi burg 
I iew1*burg 
I ...ins\ , ii. :,!i 

M Idfl :iv I 

Morgai Held B 

Owensboro 20 

Owlngsvllle i 

Pari* Hi 

i'. in broke . 21 

l.oi isi.w v. 

i iki Pro Idence., 7 

Morgan i iiy i 

M Wl'i I \NH. 
Cheltenham I 

I n.linli.ili. ills 

McAllsUl li 

II ill. Ins. in I 

PlneOrove i 

aichm ii. I . in 

Rugse i 

Shi Ibyvllli 
Stamping Urout 


I'. .I<1 

mtown. ..... 

\ ersallles 
\\ Inchest' 

New ' irleans.... 

Mi it\ eporl . . 

i lumberland Hi 

PlkCSl ,11. 

31, Paul, Minnesota 

Andlng i 

Canton n 

Ceii t re v 1 1 li . .... 7 

i .,l,li\ :il, i !l 


<'r\ stal Springs. li 

Ceotralla. B 

Dexter 7 

• lolde j 


i , .'" 


l-'.lw ards I 


Greenwood « 

Jackson ...... i 

Mcl .mil. i 'It) . . .i 

Meridian 15 


i .. is Summit. 

l loulslana i 

Moberly 9 

Pass i 'hristlan 5 

tobln 7 

i ilea i. 


« u nil 

ioCRj 20 

n. , ads . 

Palmyra 12 


M. I... nis 27 

N. w \ oik Clt) . N.« ' 

\sh, v me 

Brj s..n i ii i :, 

Mi. Airy. i 


Raleigh 7 


Waynesvllle 13 

Wilmington ll 

\\ Inston l.'i 

Cincinnati, i iblo 

Oklahoma Cltry, Oklahoma Territory 


Philadelphia, Pennsj i\ anla 




























gi burg i . H. 

i 'oiimii la 

TENN1 - 


Trillion . 



1 . ii 
i. Ilettsvllle 


Bradj < llli 


II. i,.i. rsonville 

1 '. IM li 11 

Sprlngfli i.l 







i :u mhi 

M. K . n/i. 


W.i\ .1 i 

Woolwortl . 
Yorki llli 

Kd«< « I 

M in t 


I i t 




A Ivai ado 

Antelopi i 

Ai liens 

I'.i li.. i 
Bon ham 

Calvi n 

:i. ui i 


i 'milt i 

inche li 

Crocki ii 


in g 

Di Kalb. i 

Denton i 

■ ,11, 





I. HI 


II Ilton 

Housti i 

K ll ,,i 

i, ., 



i ..ii 

I ii 1,1..,, i 4 


I'. IM 11 







Viesca i 

W:<.-< . 

Walder... i 

wills- Point. 
Wrlgbtsboro. -'I 

\ lexandi la 
Culpepei ; 

Lynchbnrg 19 

\\":i rin S|i 
West Point . .. 


Portsmouth is 

l|. .i.i i.l 

■ burg 

Huntington, Went Virginia 7 

Tin' V ii i ran goes t" about five times as many )>ost- 
offices as are named above, yel at 1 hese 3 12 offices there 
are 5,773 subscribers. 

The John II. Morgan Camp at Ardmore, Indian 
Territory, has made the Veteran its official organ. 
'I', I'., King and 1'. \V. McCoy w ted First 

d Lieutenants, ami M. Wheeler, Quartermaster. 

Judge D. C.Thomas, Lampassas, Texas: 1 am not 
prepared to ex] opinion as to whether or not it 

will he best to increase the price ui' tlio Veteran, hut 
will say this, that in my judgment 1 it would he a very 
cheap publication at one dollar; and further, I would 
nut take fifty outs each tor my copies of this year's 
subscription. In fact, they are not for sale. 

.1. W. Corman, Brooksville, Pla.: Inclosed i 
rind postal order for SI 4 for twenty-eight subscri 
sixteen old name- and twelve new ones. I havt 
sick and unable to do any more. 





^ D.u.i is, Tex is, Dec. 10, 1893. 
EditorCoNj ederatj Veti ran : As 
your splendid magazine is to be 
found in the house of a great num- 
ber of "Id t 'onfederate veterans in 
tlii— Department, I hope that the 
i be said of the Eastern 
Department, and read nol only by 
the "Id hero and his good wife, but 
also by his noble sons and beauti- 
ful daughters. I send you for pub- 
lication ii roster of the living Con- 
federate Generals up to the 1 < m h of 
I '. ci ml. it. 1893, compiled from the 
most reliable data to be had. 

During the war there were 198 
officers commissioned as < lenerals 
of all grades in the Confederate 
Army. < If this number not more 
158 are living. Sinn' Jan. 1. 1893, 
two i lenerals, two Major Gi m rals 
and four Brigadier < lenerals have 
died, leaving 158 living out of the 
... I number. I hope thai e\ ery 
old ( 'onfederate living will pi ruse 
this list, as it will recall many noble 
dents of the war: 

1 • El M.S. 

sti phi ti D., Stark ville, Miss. 
James Longsl rei t, Gainesville. Ga. 
a 1 1\ . l,\ nchburg, Va, 
. B. Buckner, I- rand tort, Ky. 
\ la. 
Alexander P. Stewart i bfekamauga, Ga. 

« ill Hampl i olumbtn, s. i :. 

John B. ' tordon, At lanta, i 

M Aim: i 
(iustaviiK W. Smith, Kcm fork. 
Lo Fuj el te M.l.iu s. Savannah, ' ■ .> 
S. <i. French, Winter Park, I- la. 
John 1 1 . Forni \ , .li-n i i,i. A la. 

Dabm v 11. Maury, Rtcl I, Va. 

!!• iirj ii. ih. \iiii, t : , in Battle Field Survey, 

Washington. l«. i . 
J, I.. Kemper; Orange Court blouse, V'a. 

ii F. Hoke, Rali Igh. v I 
Fitzhugb Lee, « ilasgou . V'a. 
W. B Bate, I . s s, nate. 
.1. B. Kershaw, i 'amden, S, i '. 
M.C. Bui lei i 8. Si nate. 

I-:, i '. Wal I, I . s. Senati . 

1.. l.. I... max, Wa bhigton, D. C. 
1*. M. l:. ifoung, I arterM in.., i la. 
T. I.. Rosser, Charlottesville, Va, 

W. W. \ll.-li, M..HI \I.|. 

s. B. Maxey, Paris, I 

William Uaboue I 5, Va. 

' .. w . i ii.iis i. , . Lexington, K* . 
William B. Taliaferro, Glouo sti r, Va. 
William T. Martin, Natchez, Miss. 
'i. Pollgnac,! irleans, Fram 
E. M. Law, Yorkville, s i 
Richard I ratlin Fort smith. Ark. 
Mai i Ransom, U.S. Senate, 
smith. Jackson, Mi-. 
William It. Forney, Jacksonville, Fla. 

. AI.1KK lies 1 i; \ 1 s. 

1 ii.i. rson, \ ston, Ala. 

I . Armstrong, Washington, D. C. 
!■:. P. Alexander, Sai annab, < ■:.. 
Arthur S. Bngby, Texas. 

Lain. s. l:,k,-r, >ntt,,lk. Va. 

Plnck in > I ». Bowles, \ labs I 
Rufus Barrlnger, i hs rlotte, N. i '. 
s,-iii M. Hail. .ii. Fredericksburg, Va. 
John Bratton, White Oak, S. I 

l. L. Br. hi. Baltii v. M.I. 

C. A. Battle, Alabama. 

Hamilton P. B*e, San Antonio, Ti 

W. R. Bogus, Winston, N. C. 

T\ ree II. Bell, Tennessee. 

William i . . abell, Dallas, Texas. 

K. i Papers, i lolumbia, S. i '. 

James it. Chalmers, Vicksburg, Miss 

Thomas L. Clingman, Asheville. v. i '. 

. i:. i :osby, Sacramento, Cal, 
!■ in ncis M. i 'ock rell, U.S. Senate. 
A II. Colquitt, U. s. s, nate. 
Phil Cook, Atlanta, <e,. 
M. D. ' "i Re, Alexandria, Va. 
John B. Clark, Jr., Rockville, Md. 
A Ifred Cumming, Augusta, Ga. 
X. II. |)i Ki'..y. Austin, Ti \. 
u llllain Ii. Cox, Raleigli, N. ' . 
Joseph I til is, M isst« Cll v. Miss. 
I ! ]:. Davidson, < laiifornia. 
T. P. Dockery, Arkansas. 
Basil W. I'M ke. Louisv] i |o, Ky. 
-I..IHI Kchols, Louisville, K y. 
C. A. Evans, At lanta, ( Ja. 
Sam mi \\*. Ferguson, Greenville, Miss. 
.1. .1. Pinh-y, Florida. 
1). M. Frost, St. Louis, Mo. 
Richard M. Gano, Dallas, Tex. 
James X i leorge, Jackson, Miss. 
William L. Gardner, Memphis, Tenn. 

I ,. \\. i ,ii. Memphis, Ten n. 
H. i Govan, Arkansas. 

.Juliii-i Barnwell, s. r. 

i leorge I', Harrison, si.. Auburn, Ala. 

A. T. Hawthorne, Atlanta, < la. 

Eppn II n 1. 1 ., a. I' s. Senator, Warrenton, Va. 

William P. Hardeman, Austin. Tex. 

N. ii. Harris, Vicksburg, Miss. 

i leorge It. 1 lodire, Kent uck >*. 

Louis II ii. Breaux, l.a. 

J. n. I mhi di ii. s,,ui Ii west Virginia. 

I I ■ . 1 1 ry It. Jackson. Sa> anna b, Ga. 
William II. Jackson, Nhs1i\ Hie, Tenn. 
Bradlej T. Johnson, Baltimore, Md. 
\. R, Johnson, Texas. 

George D, Johnston, Civil Service Commls- 

t, rt ashingl D. C. 

Robei i I '. Johnat> n, Birmingham, 
J. D. Kennedy . i iimden, s. i . 
William ii. King. Austin, Tex. 
William W. Kirkland, New x. ork. 
James 1 1. Lane, Norl b i laroU na. 
A. R. Law ton, Savan aah, i la. 
T. M. Logan, Richmond, \ a. 

i: 1 1 Lowry, Jackson, Mis-. 

JoRcph ii. Lewis, Frankfort, Ky. 
W. II. I ,ewl8, Parboro, N. < '. 


William McComb, Gordonsvllle, \ ... 
Samuel McUowan, Ai.i..-\ ill, . 5. > 

I McNnlr, It xburg, Miss. 

John T. Morgan, r. S. SenaU . 
r i Muraford, Unlontown, Ala, 
Manej . Vish\ in,., t.-uh. 
B. McGlathan, Bavannab.Ga. 
John McCausland, Mason C. 11-. W. Va. 
Henry E. Mel nil... h. Segulu, Tex. 
W. R. Mill s. Mississippi. 
William M ia. 

John ' ' M . I, Mis. 

band ridge McRne, Searcy, Ark. 
Francis T. N Icholls, New ' irleans, La. 
R, L. Page, Norfolk, Va. 

W. il i';i\ ii. . Warrenton, Va, 
W. I-'. Pen j . I llendale, K> , 

. \. Pryor. New York City. 
r. w Phj I. r. Mls8lssl| 
w. ii, Parsonr, Philadelphia, Pa. 
\. B. Pearce, Galnes> lile, Tex, 

E. W. Pi tins, Selma, Ala. 

w. a. Qnarles, Clarks\ I lie, Tenn. 
B. ii. i: rtson, Washington, D. C. 

F. II. Robertson, Waco,Tex. 

< ■■ ■ irge W. limns. \ ugusta, I la. 
Daniel Ruggles, Fn d< rlcksburg, Va. 
Charles v. Ronald, lllacksbtirg, \ a. 
D. II. Kej nolds, Arkansas Cltj . Ark. 
William P. Roberts, Raleigh, V . 
L. S. Ross, i ollege station, Tex. 

3bai i'. Jackson, M Iss. 
Joi Sbelhs , i larthage, Mo. 

Cbarli • M Sbi Ibj . Bl nu i, aim. 

James I , Slaughter, Washington, D.C. 
r. \ . sboup, Sewanee, Ten n. 
Ti.. .urns B. smith. Bolivar, Tenn, 
1 1. M. Sorrell, s : ,\ anns h, I (a. 
i leorge II. SteM art, Ball Imoi <■. Md, 
Marci Hue \. si,,\ all. Vugustn, i ta. 
Edward L. Thomaa, Washington, O.C 
w. R, Terrj . Richmond, Va. 
.1. C. Tappan, Helena, \ rk. 
Robert B. Vance, Asbe^ ill.-. N. c. 
\. .1 . Vaughan, Mini pb i . ivnn. 
James \. Walker, Wvt h.'\ Hie, Vn. 
D. A. « eisger, Richmond, Va, 

. ■ r. Wbarl New River, Va. 

Marcus .1. Wrlehl w nsliinj ton, D. C. 

n. .1. Wright, Grlffln, i .;. 

w. s. Walker, Florida 

M. ii. w alker, New ■> ork. 

W. II. « allace, Columbia, S. I '. 

'I'. N. Waul, < i : . i s eston, rex. 

John s. Willi. 'i ii I-. Mount Sterling, Ky. 

/..■i, nl. .a Vol k, Baton Rouge, l.a. 

w. 11. voung, Antonio, Tex. 

Eight Lieutenant t lenerals li\ ing. 

Twenty -eight Major Generals liv- 

( >ne lm ndred and twenty-two 
I '.i 'igad ii r I lenerals living. 

Should there be any error, 1 hopi 
that i he living, or some of his 
friends, will notify you, as one bj 

we are all "crossing the river. 

Your friend and comrade, 

W. [,. C M'.l I I . 

/./. hi. i .. a. U. C. I'.. Tmn '/ 
sippi Department. 

i:n Other Side. The letter from Mrs. V. Jefferson Davis, 
from which the following are extracts, wa9 written last sum- 
ni.i to Mis. Virginia Frazer Boyle, of Memphis. The title of 
i 'ik \\ ; i s liisi designated as "The Prisoner of State." 

TI Kit title, however, was afterward reserved as the second part 
or division of the poem: ".My Dear Voim.; Friend— I have 
often wished to utter the gratitude my hearl lias has long 
cherished toward you for your noble poem, 'The Prisonerol 

State,' which you kindly read i • in Memphis, while ii was 

nfinished. Then it gave ran. pr ise of excellence, 

attained, « Inch, I understand, it has more than fulfilled 

since that ti Could the deal Prisonerof State havelivtd 

to see it, ii would bave been a rich reward, after his protracted 
sufferings, to kimw that his noble patience, under wrong, had 

inspired his young country « an, who «as an infant when 

he Buffered, to « rite bo great n poem as a tribute tn his memory 
and to the truth of history. Your unfeigned desire to tell onlj 
the exact truth, setting down nothing in malice, rather under, 
than overstating the circumstances attending the outrages 

coi itted ii|niii a helpless prisoner of stale, touched me 

greatly, and if possible, increased my respect for you, and 1 
can vouch for the exact accuracy of your narrative, fn the 
nai I Mr Davis' descendants [thank von.'' 

As a matter of general interest the Veteran pursues this inquiry so as to make historic record of the 
Confederate soldiers who now live in Texas. Texas Commanded and Adjutants will please give attention to 
i lii- report al once, so it may be published as complete as possible in the February Veteh vn. See the Hecem- 
ber Veteran, page 381. Circulars, « ith blanks, will be sent to all Texas Camps. 



One 'it' the jollies! comrades al th< I oi 1 iderate re- 
union, Versailles, Ky., was Ben S Drake. He told 
stories to the delighl of his auditors, and this one is 
printed: As Indian Agent, during Mr. Cleveland's 
first administration, he took much interest in the ad- 
vancement of the Red Man. Through his intelligent 
interpreter he sought to inform a group of them about 
the telephone. He told him to explain to them that 
two Indians could talk to and understand each other 
one hundred miles apart by using an electrified tele- 
graph wire. The interpreter hung his head and 
seemed not to understand. The explanation was 
made again with same result. Still the interpreter 
remained -ilent as it' in deep thought. "Why don't 
you tell them?" said the Kentnekian. " Ah' Too 
nmeli a dam — lie," w as the respone 

Capt. Will Lambert, commanding Dick Dowling 
Cam]), Houston, Texas, writes : Two of OUT comrades 
have " crossed over the river," comrade -I . W. I'm ford, of 
Company A. first Kentucky Infantry. He wae at 
Hull Run and Appomattox. What better record could 

lie given a Southern soldier ' Tl ther. comrade \Y. 

T. Johnson, served in Walker's Division of Texas In- 
fantry, and was in all the fights participated in by 
that splendid command. They were Both ardent 
members of our Camp, loved the history they helped 
to make, and were buried by their comrades with rev- 
erence and affection. May angels guard their tombs. 

We all like the true ring of your expose of the Frank 
Leslie si 'heme, and will stand by the VETERAN. <o"l 
prosper you in your noble work, 
.lames c. Percival, Staunton. Michigan. December 

29th, semis for the V I PER w and Souvenir and write- 
I was for nearly three years a member of the Eighty- 
third Pennsylvania, ami had the pleasure of meeting 

some who are now ( 'on federate veterans a number of 
times from IMiJ (,, jsi;.', in Virginia, Maryland and 

Pennsylvania, and one of my greatest pleasures now 

is to read of those times and those n timjs. and I 

like to read the writings of those on both sides. I 
have quite a war library. * * I have no doubt 

hut I shall find some articles in tin •. that I 

cannot agree with, in fact, I find in the copy I have 
that you say. "I had rather he tin- representative of 
those who fought the battles of the Confederacy —the 
women as well as the men — than of any other people 
on the earth," and it sounds as though you still think 
Bei 1 ssion was right, and arc sorry you did not win. 

[Good sir. such a sentiment did not have to do with 
the quoted paragraph. I have never written a word 
about whether we had a light to secede. It would he 
useless discussion. We join you heartily in the sen- 
timent of one country and one tlag because we think 
it is best. We honor you veterans of the Union army 
who give us credit for as courageous patriotism as 
nerved the best of you to face death for your convic- 
tions. The paragraph you quote is the truth, and I 
would not change it as my last assertion.] 

The Sterling Price Camp, at Dallas, Texas, has 

firmed the appointment, by Commander Storey, of 
Maj, George S. Pearn as Adjutant of the Camp to fill 
the vacancy caused by the resignation of Col. W. L. 

P. J. Bond, Roseburg, Oregon : Had it not been for 
a friend in New Mexico, who sent me the VETERAN for 
one year, 1 might never have known of your valuable 
publication. For the back numbers 1 would pay any 
reasonable price. 


Separate Cards From Nashville Bankers -Eight 
of Jennings' Graduates In One Bank. 

Nashville, Tenn., December 14, 

I 1:111 -late with much pleasure that I have known Ml. K. W. 
Jennings lor more than twenty years, both as a wholesale mer- 
chant ami afterwards as the Principal of Jennings' Bu- 
College, an. I that I esteem him man an. I a but 

man. and believe that t he in st ruction given the students in his 
will be of great benefit to thei Fourth National 

Bank now baa in its emploj eighl ot the graduates of that 

BCl 1. S on 11 .1 K hi 11. 

Pri -1. lent Fourth National Bank. 
N esu\ nit. Ti nn . 1 1 cember 15, I 

I am pleased to state that for many years I have known Mr. 
l;. YV. Jennings a- one of our in si 1 li/> ns. an. I as a hu- 
man. His Business College, where Bookkeeping is taught, 
stands as first class Mi own son graduated tin rein, and was 

afterwards, witli other graduates of that school, employed as 
clerk in the Capital City Bank. THOMAS I'l aiki:. 

President Capital City Bank. 
N tSHVU LI, Ti nil.ei 1 4. 1 - 

I have known R, W. .1, Doings since 1861, when we wen- l».tii 
bookkeepers in the Planters' Hank of i . nd later aa 

a wholesale merchant of the highest integrity, ana after this as 
the Principal ot Jennings' Bosh ge. The teller of this 

hank is a graduate of that school, ar f my pons. 

I can. therefore, commend it to all those who may dl 

practical equipment for the business of life. 

President Union Bank and Trust Co. 
\ \ -m ii i i . Tiw . December 14, 1893. 

1 take pleasure in Stating that I have known Mr. R. W. .len- 

nings, Principal of Jennings' B i _•■ . Nashville, long 

and intimately as a I in, and believe that the instruc- 

tion given si ii. lent s in hi- college will be of irreat value to them. 
We now have employed in the American National Bank four 

graduates. A. \V. H ■ 

shier American National Bank. 
N >sn\ ii i k. Tkw. December 14, 18 
1 have known R W.Jennings -m ' which time he 

1 1 ployed as an expert pnt a.. T. Stewart A Co., 

ol \. w York, and afterwards for twenty years I knew him as 
a wholesale merchant in Nashville, and still later for many 

at the head of Jennings' Business College. I consider 

this of the befit schools of its kind in the (Jnitl 

J. N. Sl'KRRV, 
President Merchants' Bank. 

n i-iiv mi. Tk.nv. December 14, 1893. 
nt my son t.. Jennings' Business College, with results 

highly beneficial to him and satisfactory t.. me. I therefore 

commend it unreservedly as a school high standing ami of 

iblished reputation. H. W. GRANT) 1KD, 

Cashier First National Bank. 

Confederate Stamps. 

We buj < .mfclerat. Postage Stamps, used or unused. Stamp 

Collectors will do well to send for our Approval sheet of For- 
eign and Domestic Stamps, as we allow half commission. II. 
Stonebraker & Co., kil'1 Eutaw Place. Baltimore Md. 

Rt mi w i i- p. i.e in Nashville, Watkin's Hall. February 6tb, 

1 by s.une of the beet musical talent of the time. It IS 

a treat that will he appreciated by the finest element in the 

City. That the entertainment is in charge of Mrs. M. Henry is 

assurance that its purposes are for some special benefaction. 

One of the most charming hooks about the South is that of 
*' Stonewall JackFon," by his wife." It is handsomely . 

up by "tie of the first publishing rirme in the country. 
Anxious to benefit the worthy author. I have bought a supply 

from the publishers, and will send them postpaid to any 
address at the publisher's price. $2. 

(bn. John M. Ilarrell'sbook, "The Brooks and Baxtei War," 
a history of Carpet-bag reign in Arkansa- 

Miss Keller's two books are still supplied at 50 cents each. 



Books Supplied by S. A. Cunningham, 

Nashville, Tenn. 


People interested in Nashville will read with in- 
terest a brief notice of its "Union Gospel Tabernacle," 
erected a few years since, and in use, though not yet 
complete, [tssizeis 118x178 feet, a superb brick on 

elegant st - foundation. The roof is a steel truss 

and weighs 130 tons, with Btren'gth to sustain a rail- 
way train. About$70.000 have been expended already, 

and $25,000 will complete it in satisfactory style. 
This would include a gallery, giving to the Taber- 
nacle r n for about 5,000 people Capt. T. < r. Etyman 

has heen the leading man in its construction from the 

It Pays. 
It pays In read tin- papers, especially your own farm paper, 
for often in this way good business opportunities are brought 

to y 'attention. It may be that yon wish to secure a bargain 

in implements, or a situation tor one of your boys, or J on wish 
to use your spare time to good advantage; [fso, B. F. Johnson 
A-- d.., of Richmond, Va., have an advertisement in another 
column that may interest you. 

" Life and Letters of Thomas J. Stonewall i Jackson." by his 

wife. Mary Anna Jackson. This IS an elegant I k. being in 

large, clear type* ami printed on very tine paper. - 

_-ht ski.'.- an. 1 Dark Shadows," by Henry M. Field, D. I'. 
{1.50. This book comprises a series ol letters on the South. 
Fifty pages are devoted to the battle of Franklin, and the au- 
thor is especially complimentary to this editor The closing 
chapters are on Stonewall Jackson and Robert I-'.. Lee. 

"The Civil War lr a Southern Standpoint," by Mrs. Ann 

E. Snyder. |1. 
"Four Years in the Stonewall Brigade," by J. 0. Casler, $2. 

■' Hancock's Diary, Or History of the Second Tennessee Cav- 
alry. A large octavo book, with many portraits and biographic 

sketches. The ii . .in is a line steel enKTaving Of " ■ « ■ T I 

N. B. Forrest $3.50. 

John Ksten Cook's c pl.-te works, eleven volumes, 89. 

"Sketch of the Battle ..f Franklin, and Heminiscen. • - 
Camp Douglas," by John M. Cop|.-\ , 

"Memoirs of Mrs. Sarah CbiMress Polk, Wife oi the Elev- 
enth President of the United states." bv Anson ami Fanny 
Nelson. This is an elegant book, and charmingly written $1.75. 

Messrs. T. II. Hani A: Co. have on hand copies of Anson an. I 
Fanny Nelson's Memoirs of Mrs. James K. Polk. It 

"The Other Side," a thrilling poem of M00 lines, Mr. Davis 
being her theme. $1. 

"How It Was, or Four Years With the Rebel Army." a 
thrilling story by Mrs. Irby Morgan, of Nashville This i- a 
charming hook. SI . 

"The Southern Cross." by Mrs. Lizzie Rozzell Messen- 
gi i. $1.25. 

"That Old-Time Child Roberta," by Mrs. Sophie Fox Lea,$1.76. 

"The Battle of Franklin and Prison Experience at Camp 
Douglas," by John M. Copley, SI. 

"Immortelles," by Maj. S, K. Phillips. Chattanooga, 50 cents. 

"Immortelles" is a pretty little volume..!' poems by Major 

s. K. Phillips, of Chattanooga. It was written for various 

memorial occasions, or upon the death of some C0n8pJcU0U8 

Confederate and Federal leaders from I86ti forward. "Lee 
Before Richmond" is a Sne tribute to that grand man. lie has 

not neglected the gallant dead of the Federal Arniv. Ills 

"<>dc on the heath ot Con. Grant" "is the finest tribute to 

the man written by any author." 




Leather Woven Link BeltT 


Leather • Pulley • Covering^ 



Ward Seminary, 

Conservatory of Music School of Fine Arts. 

For catalogue and information, address, 

J D. BLANT0N, President, Nashville, Tenn. 


cm. ay's 


la sold under a positive guarantee to 


tiinl, Bleeding, Itohii 




3 1 


-•FOR CURE 0F«- 






Attorney and Counsellor at Law. 


Invitee correspond) 1 r* of 

-. having bnalnesi lo this part <>f 


Recovering and 


222 Nnrlh Summer Street, 

Knights of Dixie. 


TO I '. t • V all kin 
stamps, u^fd or new, 
and Confederate nmn- 

I 1 10 \ 1 s I iilliihoniH.Triiii. 



Bend ror literature on treatment of the above 
diseases, x - J * i resa, Id uonfldt nee, 

The Keeley Institute. 

>l KM 1*11 IS. II \ \ . 

* A*ll VI l.l.i . TEN V 
Or l4\OW III I . I l \ > 

5i2.oo to $35.00 a week can 

be made working ror us. Pari lo* 

who can furnish a horse and iravH ibrouvh 

the count rj ; n team, though, Is nol 

A few vacancies lu town* and oltles. Men 

and women ->f g I rbai icter will And this 

;in exceptional opportunity r<>i profitable 
employment. Spare hours may be used to 
good ad* anl 

B. F. JOHNSON A CO., Ilth and Main Sts., 

RICHMOND, \ v. 1->M-1> 

Want 4 'l ;i numbi 

11 the K n 1 L- 1 1 ts of i 
\ p. 

■ <» :i«t i\ «■ and lntelllg< nl or 


318'v Union St.. Nashville, Tenn. 

(UD-lV Tl II 



H. S. HA1LEY, 



119 N Market St.. Nashville. Tenn. 
Sblfsfta Co r rt * ) t ondenoe, Wtphom 

All Kinds of Brushes to Order. 

Nashville Brush Factory, 

.1 I \~"N. I'Ri 

PUREBRED POULTRY cotton mops, dusters and whisks. 


For egga aud beauty. 
LIGHT HH. \MMas. tor early broilers. 

Egga, 11.50 for 15. 

Stock for sale in the fall. it 

Address MR i. T. E. McDANIEL. -ith's Grove. Ky, 


112 Seuih Market Street. NASHVILLE. TENN. 


1 ftrgesl Stock In 1 he Si >uth. 



■ ■■ the 
■■ 1 aabrtdgi 

,-t Dictionary of 

A Grand Educator 

Abreast of the Times 

A Library in Itself 

Invaluable in the 
household, and to the 
teacher, professional 
man, self-educator, 

Ask your Bookseller to show it to you. 

shed by 
MERRlAJCCO.,SPBlirc] in.n.M A>>.,t".S.A. 
as" semi tor free proepeetns containing speotnum 
pages, iUastrattons, tesumoula] 

■3- l>o not Imy reprints of ancient editions. 



Trie> rle»*. Vel.'€'l|.e<leH. l-'.lc.. lta*<> Ball. 
Trnni* A- t'roqnrl B et a, Hammock*, 
ttriilal and Souvenir I'rivnis 

•9 m LIL orders 

iliclted and carefully tilled 


SOB < Oll< ■■-•■ St., >h»1i, ill.-. I. m 






Is the 


In the 


It will Cure 

A Man 

or his kind more oerl ainly and more 
rapidly than am other Liniment on 
earth, of Rheumatism, Pains, Swell- 
ings. Bruises. Sprains, Sorer 
Stiffness, Sore Throat or Chest, Pain 
in Back and Joints, Corns, Warts 
and Bunions, InsectBitesandStings. 
Frostbite, Cramps, Aches, Cuts and 
Wounds. It will as surely cure 

A Horse 

01 his kind of Spavin, Splint, Ring- 
bone, Windgails, Puffs, Swin- 
e\. Scratches. Swellings, Bru: 
Sprains. Harts, Cuts, Wounds, Sore- 
ness, Stiffness, Knots, llarness and 
Saddle Hurts. 

SPURLOCK, NEAL & CO . Nashville, Tenn. 



MAXWELL HOUSE, Nashville. Tenn. 

^Fosters Webb, 




IjhrSff HACKS. S2.S0 
to S.i.00 per day 

ri* Www 


wmkH "M 


Kni'u WEEKS by mil- method 
leaching Bookkeeping 1& equal 
in IW I'.iak weeks bj the lext- 

■ i u or copying course Posi- 

^^^^^^^^■^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ tioms Guakaoteed under cer- 

'. litlons. our 56 and BO page free catalogue will explain all. 

Si ad tor Ihi ra al once. Address, J. F. DRAUCHON. President 
Drauahon'fl Business College and t*chool ol shorthand & Telegraphy, 
Nashville, Tenn. Cheap Board. Mo Vacation. Enteral anytime. 
When you write mention tiii* paper. 

Blank Books, 

211 CHURCH ST., 

We make a specialty of printing for Confederate Camps and other 
Veteran organizations. 

We have in our possession electros of all Confederate Dags, which 
may be printed In colors on stationery, BtC. 

The Confkukkatk Vf.teban is printed by our establishment and 
Is submitted as a specimen of our work. 

\v. c. COLLIER, President. 

POPE TAYLOR, Vice President. 

J. E. HART, Secretary and Treasurer. 


W. C. Collier Grocery Company, 


Nos. 6oi and 603 Church Street. NASHVILLE, TENN. 



Wltnoul the use of :■ knife we have a 

Sure Cure for Cancers, Tumors 

and all ugly sores thai are so numerous on 
the linn i;in body, and from which thirty 
thousand persona Iobo theli lives yearlylor 
the wanl 01 proper treatment. We guarantee a 


\n.i we ash for do pay nntll you are per- 
fect ly satisfied t ba 1 3 ou a re cured. 

Below you will find :> few of the prominent 
persona who bave tried this cancer care of 
Dr. H. K. Anderson. \-u them what it baa 
nii them: 

Joh n S. DaVlS, Paris. K J . 

Capt. 1 1. hi \ Bedford, Snawhan, K v. 

rames Mansfield, Little Rock. 

Mi-v. \v. i!, Smith, Paris. 

John Cox. Newtown. 

Dr. J. \v. Prowell, Newtown. 

J, 1;. Spratt, Bharpsburg. 

M rs. Mary bun, < iariiale. 

.1. B. Botta, Graj son. 

1 ;. \v. Morgan, 1 in rrlsbu rg. 

Dud Lock ridge, mi. Sterling. 

James BlggerstanT, Mt. Sterling. 

I'iit Punch, mi. Sterling. 

\\\ Ha riiiiiL'. Fa rmers, B 3 . 

Mrs. Man St oner, Mt, Sterling. 

luck l»;. vis. Ashland. 

Wiley Prltehet, Mt. Suvajic 

Fur pari Lonlara address, 


U-8t Specialists, Paris, Ky. 

coto.. VOGEL'S 



233 North Summer Street, 
Nashville. Tenn. 


Horse Shoeing of all kinds Neatly Done. 


Dr. Roberg's Patent Hoof Expander, 

For the cure and prevention of Contraction, 
Quarter Cracks, Corns, « i< . 

$75.00 to $250.00 

(AS BE 'I \ I > I 

monthly working for 
B. F. Johnson * Co., Richmond, Va. ]un-OI 



Russian and Turkish Baths 


No. 317 Church Street. Nashville. Tenn. 

PRICE eoc 


O I'll A< I'K Al. . IIWKI.KK, 

" 215'.. Union SI . up stairs. 



Kkh 'khkni is.— "Cupt. E. \V. Averell is a 
member In i_-'»ici standing of Cheatham Biv- 
ouac, V.V. V'., 'I'. II. .INU. P. Hll'K.MA.N. 

mat - i y r "Seoreta c.v- " 





icitn 1 iNii < 01 4.11 

Positively Ihe Best made. ■{ ALSAM. 


HYAM COHEN, Pharmacist & Chemist, Waxahat-:hie,T« 
1 -'!)-!- 1 y 


Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 

Published Monthly in the Interest of Confederate I 'eterans and Kindred Topics. 

Price 10 Cents. I \T n ] TT 

Yearly si.ou 

Nashville, Tenn., F: 

No. 2. 

S. A. ( INMNliHAM. 
I Proprietor. 

,.;*3 ^& 





Rbv. Henri M. Fisld, D. D., in a Preface to her 1 k: 

"Stonewall Jackson was the most picturesque figure in the war. 
In him there were two men in .me; he united qualities that 
are no) only alien to each other, but that B' em almost incom- 
patible-military genius of the highest order with a religious 
fervor that bordered on fanaticism ; a union of the poldier and 
the saint, for which we must go back to the time of ('rum will. 
Inthpgival operationsof war he was Silent and uncommuni- 
cative ; wrapping himself in his n bi i ve as in a military cloak ; 
Baking nil advice ; forming his own plane, which those n< an st 
to him could not penetrate and hardly dared coconji cture, and 
were disclosed even to his military family only when he pave 
his orders f >r the march and the battle. While the world saw 
only tlm soldier with a coat of mail over his breast, t lose VI ho 
knew him best s:nv under it a (treat human heart. • * * 

"Killed with such memories, it is but the impulse of loyalty 
to the dead that she should wish that others should know him 

whose name she be a is as she knew him ; that the world sin mid 
appreciate not only the soldier, hut the man ; that they should 

know all the gentleness and the tenderness that were in that 

■iiin ave 

lion In ait ^MHsure we are that those who have 

ill tin great histories of the war will turn with fresh 
sttothigf ry, written out of a woman's heart." 



I'o MH kv T. .hiUNs' \. Baltimore, President of the Con- 
federate Association in tin n ice as 
Captain of Company A, First Regiment of Infantrj He was 
ted to Major, June 17, '61; to Lieutenant Colonel, July 
21, at the battle ol Manassas; lo Colonel, March I8,'62; and 
■ General, June 28 1 1 - gallantry was conspicu- 
ous in the hardest trials, Stonewall Jackson's report of the 
Valley Campaijn says : • "In a short time the Fifty- 
eighth Virginia became engaged with a Pennsylvani 
called the 'Buck tails,' when Colonel John son, ol the Firel 
Maryland Ri giment, coming up during the hottest pel 
the tire, chargi •! gallantly into its Hank and drove the i 
with beavj loss from the field, and captured Lieut. Colonel 

i >• neral Johl 1 In- In ad of the 

■ m "i Mat j land, and has ,i, ,n,. much in 
time and money for its maintenance. . 

B. H. STIEF JEWELRY CO. Position Guaranteed ! 

208 and 210 Union St.. NASHVILLE. TENN. 


In Quantity, Quality, Style and Price 



Class and Society Badges and Cold 
Medals a Specialty. 

Repairing Promptly attended to and Warranted. 

JAS. B. CARR, Manager. 

Can deposit your money tor tuition in bank till imih.i.ou ts 
Becun d and accepted. This offer La made t" all irtao entei tor guk> 
course in 

Draughon's Consolidated Practical Business College 

and School of Shorthand and Telegraphy, 


\'> Ti'vi-IxmiU us#(i <>ii Bonk-beeplng. 

Three weeks by our practical method o! teaching book-keeping 
is equal t«i twelve week** by the old style. Eleven In I'lirnitj. 
Beet [mi ion i /i'ii Business College In the South. Cheap ituurii. send 
for " tree" Illustrated late 80-page catalogue, which win explain 
why we can afford to guarantee positions, and why other eohoola 
ran imi. n also gives rates of tuition, board, etc Address, 
oc-61 J. F. DRAVGHOIT, President, Nashville, Tens. 



The only school in tbe South devoted exclusively to the training of young ladles and gentlemen In Bbortband and Typewriting. The 
Academy Lb under the personal direction of a veteran teacher and reporter— a veteran in a double sense, having commenced t he study of 
phonography thirty years ago, while a prisoner of war in Rock Island, Illinois. 

Q+o rirln rrl ^VQtpm Ta I icrht Bend for handsome Souvenir Catalogue, containing much valuable Information about sbort- 
OLaiiuqiu J J 3LCI " lau B" Ll hand, .systems reviewed, comparisons made, deductions drawn. 



- us " ««®*#b --n 

GEN. JUHN A. KITE, President. ISAAC LITFOV, Treasurer. C. L. RI DIET, Secretary. E. H. JONES, Physician 1 Surgeon 

Tysons Nashville Sanitarium, 



No. 710 Church Street. 


The Tyson Sanitarium is conducted bj as reputable gentlemen as live in 
Tennessee. The location is in the Cole mansion, centrally located, on tbe 
most popular thoroughfare in the city. Read what is said of its treatment : 

A Marvelous Cure From Morphine and Whisky. 

R. ii. PORTER. Nashville, Tenn., October 16, 1898: To Dr. E. H. 
Jones, Physician in Charge Tyson's Nashville Sanitarium. Dear Doctor— 
Ii has been three weeks since you gave me my Last dose of morphine, 

ami over a week si i you discharged me from the Sanitarium as 

cured from tbe opium and whisky habit. It is almost impossible to 

realize the changed condition ol ny present exlste as compared 

with that ol elglil rears ago, when l was constantly under the influ- 
eoceol morphine. Then, with the exception of a few weeks at the 
commencement, nlghl was rendered unpleasanl i >> hideous dreams, 
and my mind was befogged and under a cloud. Now my sleep a1 
night Is qulel and refreshing, and my head as clear as a bell, lam 
rapidly gaining both in flesh and strength. New blood seemstobe 
infused in my veins. My whole being becomes dail: more buoyant 
with new life, and I feel like a new man altogether. 

The coi •im. in, ni c,i m\ taking morphine dates back to an 

amputation performed about eight years ago, when morphine was 

for a long! i administered tomebj a physician, a- you are aware, 

when I .Hi. red i Sanitarium I was taking from 20 to 125 grains of 

morpl ■ per daj bypodermlcally. From the very beginning of 

your treatment I Blepl well, and during I he enl Ire course fell better 

physically and mentally, and suffered leBslm renience than I did 

when l was inking n plate. Sou withdrew the morphine so 

gradually, building up the system at the same tl ,that before I was 

aware of ii I was entirely out from under the influence of the drug. 
[ have no desire for o|iiu in. wliisky or slim ii Ian Is of any kind. 

my God I when I look back over fifteen of those years, I shudder with 
horror at tbe misery, trouble and sorrow thai I have suffered and 
have caused to be Buffered by my dear wife and children, w ho have 

i a good and kind to me. Well, I tried every remedy thai I could 

in .in' of. mi d spent nit the money I could earn i rylug to cure mj self, 
but found i hem worth b ss. l i hen beard oi I he great gold cure, which 
l ;iK. . tried, inn that was tbe last straw thai broke the camel's back, 

for Instead ol curing me ii '•:, very near killing me. Ii broke me 

down mentally and physically ; it en used my hair to turn gray w Ithin 
:. month after I had taken It. I went down blllsteadllj until I saw 
nothing but a wreck, [had got so bad I could neither eal nor sleep. 
1 would st n it anywhere after something, and before l could get it I 
would forget what I wenl alter, ami would have to go home without 
it. Weil, I badafrleud thai was cured of the whisky habit by the 

"Tyson cure," and he said he knew you could oure but I did not 

much believe bun. 1 saw in the paper where Prof. Wharton bad 

analyzed n Tyson cure," and I went to him. He said tome that 

I. was not n mineral poison, bul that it was a vegetable compound 

well adapted t.> tbe purposes claimed tor it, and would do no 

harm. Then 1 concluded to trj It, and now] thank God that I did, 

for In the short Bpaceol five weeks I was i le a new and well man, 

cured of all desire for morphlue, and fulls restored from the awful 

Any Drunkard Can Be Cured. 

After Twenty Years With Morphine. 

.1. s. HART, 1108 Second street, Nashville, Tenn., Sept. U, 1898: 
Ladles, Gentlemen and Fellow-Students o( Dr. Tyson's Sanitarium of 
Nashville— Let me sn\ to you that today I am one of the happiest 
in. ii in Nashville or anywhere else. When they can cure a case like 
mine I know it will cure any one. I am a man fifty years of age, and 
have been taking morphine rortwenty years, and have taken from 
thirty to lift v grains e\ ery twenty-four hours most of that time, oh, 

JESSE KENNEDY. Nashville, Tenn., Nov. I. 1893: T» Tyson's 
Nashville Sanitarium. Gentlemen—] took the Tyson treatment for 
alcoholism In the months of February and March, IS98, and can tes- 
tifj to the merits ol the Tyson cure, I don't, care how long any man 
has been addicted to the habit, If he has an honest desire to quit, I 
know ilia t you en n cure in in, ami Hint he will sutler no Inconvenience 
ordistresB. He will commence to Improve from tbe very beginning. 
1 have never laid l be least desire for whisky since three days after J 
commenced treatment, For about twenty years I was an "artist" in 
the business, squandered all I bud, and for three years resorted to all 
the tricks and devices known to the professional drunkard to get 
j usl one more drink. 

Qotyfederat^ l/eterap. 

Published Monthly in the Interest of Confederate Veterans and Kindred Topics. 

Price, 10 Cents. 
Yearly, tl. 

Vol. II. Nashville, Tenn., February, 1894. No. 2. { a A ' S^f AM ' 

Knlered at t lie PoetofflC6| Nashville, Tenn., .1* second-class matter 
Adi 'ertlsements : Two dollars per lncb one time,orfSOa year,ex« 

eept las! page. One |»:il'» . "in Mint-, special, MO. Discount : Half J ' :ir. 
one-issue ; one year, one issue. This is ;in increase <>n former rate. 

Contributors will please be diligent to al rhespaoi 

Important for any thing that bas not sp. eial merit. 

The date t'l subacripttone le always given to tbe month ' 
ends. For Instance, if 1 lie Vbtbrah be ordered to begin wit h Janu- 
ary, the date on mail lisi win he December, and the subscriber enti- 
tled I" that nam tier. 

Thb Bplenrjid illuetrationa of Confederate Home for 
Maryland were supplied to the Veteran compliment- 
ary. The souvenir volume containing all these and 
many other pictures, in handsome gray cloth and 
gold, with a complete roster of the Confederate army 
and navy from Maryland, ran be had on application 
to W. H. Pope, al Pikesville, to the Commercial Print- 
ing Company, in Baltimore, or it will be furnished 
from this office. Price 51 ' cents. 

The Veteran thank- II. M. Miller of Weal Point, 
Ya.. for notice of error in letters by himself ami by 
Comrade Lyon, whereby they are both misquoted in 
the use of Ransom for R imsei \\. « hose division they 
referred to in reply to article by -las. B. Clay, of Ken- 
tucky. General Ramseur was killed at Cedar (reck. 

.1. M. McReary, Comanche, Texas. give- testimony 
concerning the malicious treatment of Clayton's men 
in Arkansas, when ordering General Harrell'e hook, 
"The Brooks-Baxter War." Much similar testimony 
as his might be given. The taking of property and 
life unjustifiably was a common occurrence. 

From a correspondence not in hand at writing the 
statement was made that William Compton, of Fort 
Royal, Va., was the Boldier who took General Let - 
horse by the bridle at the battle of the Wilderness 

when the soldiers told him to go"tothe rear" and 
they would whip the enemy. 

I\ sending copy of the poem, " Before Richmond," 

Claudine Rhett, of Charleston, states : " I have never 
seen it in print in any paper or magazine since I cut 
it out of the Charleston Mercury in December, 1864." 
To her are we also indebted for the Earl of Oerhy's 

lines to General Lee. 

J. F. Kvsak, of Little Oak. Ala., wants to put a mar- 
ble slab to his father's grave in the Confederate Cem- 
etery at Chicago. As there is but one grave in the six 
thousand marked, those who have fathers and broth- 
ers there would do well to contribute to inclosing the 
lot ornamented by a superb monument, after that is 
paid for. 

W. C. Cooper, who has been an active worker in the 
Pat. Cleburne (amp at Waco. Texas, conceived the 
idea Of placing dismantled cannon at the Coi 
Cemetery in Waco, and has pressed the matter with 

tl and discretion through Congressman George C. 
Pendleton. It is stated that a Virginia Camp took up 
the idea, and wait successful in the application, and 
has Becured several old cannon and some cannon halls. 
Compliance with Mr. Cooper'e request would show a 
worthy spirit, and it would do much good. 

venerable Mrs. S. I '. Gordon Law. of Mem] 
remit- I ased price of the Veteran and adds: 

"If 1 were not an invalid, having been confined to 
my home nearly nine months. I would solicit suli- 
Bcribers for you. but at my advanced age. now in my 
hty-ninth year. 1 cannot do more I -how it to all 
visitor-, and try in that way to send you suhscriC 
Mrs. law- published "Reminisi the Wai 

tic si \ties " will furnish readers of thi Veteran some 

thrilling stories at an early date She is known a- the 
Mother of the ( lonfederacy." 

Tm Veteran greets most cordially I f the 

!A, published at Jacksonville, Fla., and edited by 
Mi- May and Bessie Williams. It is an ex- 

quisite historic and biographic publication, and cham- 
pions specially the Florida Confederate Home. Mi-- 
Caroline Love Goodwin tist, and the page il- 

lustration of the trio of beauties threat) 
proposals for changes of name- / ',., | South 

recalls. in its elegant typography, tl lub- 

li-hed in Jacksonville nearly twenty years 

Much controversy is had in Congress concerning 
pension frauds. It i- strange that claimant- who 
are receiving their pay regularly, and are entitled to 
it. should opp.-e investigation. A worthy pensioner 
is willing to l.e investigated every day. and the more 
careful should he he to have unworthy claimants chal- 
lenged. Mr, EDnloe, of Tennessee, has Bought to i>en- 
efit the worthy by exerciBing vigilance against those 
who have secured payments fraudulently. Tie 
should be no politics in the question. 

A TRUE Southerner at the North, anxious for Con- 
federate literature, says he take- the "Frank Leslie 
printed at Lexington, Ky.," adding that it recalls to 
his mind "a stray copy of an illustrated Northern pa- 
per which we would occasionally get through the lines 
during the war." 





Every reader and friend of the Veteran is solicited 
to become agent for the Souvenir of* its Bret volume. 
During 1893 there were many splendid illustrations 
on the cover and in the body of the Veteran, all of 
which are to be republished on fine paper in a volume 
e hundred pages. This publication is designed 
mtain the best articles published during the year, 
and so condense the other articles as to give in sub- 
stance all of their most desirable features. This Sou- 
venir is being published to meet a demand which could 
not I"- met in the supply of back numbers. It is to 
be furnished free to all subscribers to the current vol- 
ume who pay$l, and will be furnished independently 
for twenty-five cents. It is very desirable to secure a 
large number of orders fortius Souvenir, and an addi- 
tional copy will be furnished free to those who procure 
four subscribers at twenty-five cents each. 

Advertisements will betaken supplemental to this 
volume at $30 per page, or a quarter page can be had 
for 110. Friends of the Veteran can do it a valued 
service by inducing advertisers to take space at these 
raic-. The forms are to be stereotyped, and however 
many editions may be ordered, these advertisements 
will be good for all without increased price. 


Friends of the Veteran: A multitude of you have 
shown as zealous and earnest interest in behalf of the 
Veteran as could lie expected. Your attention has 
been almost solely to increasing the subscriptions. 
That is well, but if you had a conception of the extra- 
ordinary merit of the VETERAN as an advertising me- 
dium, with its circulation of more than ten thousand 
copies, you would not only do the Veteran a valued 
service, but would do general advertisers a favor in 
commending the Veteran to them. Try it, please. 
Since the edition of the Veteran has become so large 
the responsibility has increased in proportion, and the 
dependence upon its friends has in like mannerin- 
ed. Many of you realize that times are so hard 
that multitudes who would like the Veteran do not 
feel that they can afford it. Remind such of the high 
benefit that increased patronage will be. If each sub- 
scriber would renew and send another, the reputation 
of the Veteran would excel any publication in our 
history in behalf of the South. Therefore, let patri- 
otism induce sacrifice and renewed zeal, that the ag- 
gregate strength will arouse universal pride and give 
the Veteran such prominence as it should have. 

An official indorsement of the Veteran comes from 
the Joseph E. Johnston Camp at Childress, Texas, 
It is of record, and a copy has been received at this 
office, signed by E. J. McConnell, Commander, and 
L. C. Warlick, Adjutant. 

The Confederate Veteran is not being Bent asa 
regular exchange in any instance. Its territory covers 

the area of bo many thousands of newspapers that it 
would be impossible to supply a general exchange. 

No publication is requested in exchange, but the Vet- 
bran will be sent to any publisher who desires it. and 
will write a card, with the understanding that its mer- 
its will be considered and report made accordingly. 
Many editors and publishers are regular subscribers. 
This does not seem fair to them, and payment of sub- 
scription is not asked of any editor. All that is 
wanted is assurance that they are interested in it. and 
will give attention to it when received, editorially. 

Supplemental to the "Call of Comrades to Duty" 
in this Veteran these statements are made: Ollicials 
should have been criticised nearer as were newspapers. 
Mr. Johnson, editor of the Courier-Journal, writes: "I 
take pleasure in making the correction you ask. I 
mail you a copy of the weekly Courier-Journal contain- 
ing this correction in the same department in which 
the error occurred — the 'Answers to Correspondents.' " 

Cor.. BICKMAN, Secretary, is sending out the sixth 
annual report of the Association of Confederate Sol- 
diers in Tennessee. The meeting was held in Jack- 
son, October 18th. Anticipation of this report is an 
apology offered for less notice immediately after the 
reunion. The hospitality of Jackson was a credit to 
that people and to the State. 

Of the thirty organizations reported twenty contain 
an aggregate membership of •_!,(>!(;. The X. B. Forrest 
Camp, Chattanooga, with a large membership, is not 
included. Besides the Forrest Camp there are fifteen 
of the thirty Bivouacs members of the Cniteil Con- 
federate Veteran Association. 

The number of pensioners in Tennessee is 571, 316 
of whom are in Middle Te issee, I II in West Ten- 
nessee, and 111 in Fast Tennessee. 

The Confederate Soldiers' I Ionic at the Hermitage 
represents an investment of S(iS,'.l7S. Bi. < if this fund 
the state has contributed $58,125. 

Steps were taken, through suggestions of ('apt. J. 
W. Morton, looking to the erection of monuments to 
Generals B. P. Cheatham and X. B.Forrest. Comrade 
F. S. Mallory proposed greetings to the Confederate 
Veteran Association then in session at Pallas, Texas. 
The greeting was wired to Dallas with the wish that 
their lives " be lengthened as they have been glorious."' 
The addrc-- of the reunion was by Rev. Dr. J. E. 
Martin, in a eulogy upon St 'wall Jackson. It grati- 
fied this great audience, and when the formal address 
was finished Br. Martin said, after a, pause, "Now 1 
must say more or 1 will die." Then he gave a perora- 
tion that thrilled the multitude. 

The neat pamphlet of sixty-six pages contains a 
vast amount of valuable information. Along with 
the Veterans the Sons are well attended in the report. 




In the January number of the Confederate VETERAN there 
is a statement that Father Ryan's grave is "without even a stone 

to mark his resting place." This is quite an old story. I here 
Bend you a sketch I have made from the "lonely grave" to let 

the readers of the CONFEDERATE VETERAN know that Father 
Ryan has not been so neglected. The flowers in the howl and 
the nicely clipped grass around the slab show thai -nine one 
visits the place. Father Ryan has a very handsome monument, 
though it is not very elaborate, and is of the finest marble. At 
the base of the cms,- is inscribed: " Father Ryan; may he rest in 
peace. Born May 12, 1840; died April 22, L886." At the head 
of the slab is a circle, within which is carved the Confederate 
flag, and beneath is, " Rev. A. J. Ryan, died April 22, 1886. Priest, 
Patriot and Poet. K. T. P." While on a visit in the North last 
year I heard the same statement, that Father Ryan's grave was 
neglected, and as a Mobilian, and a daughter of one of the boys 
who u ore the gray, 1 felt some pride about the matter, and when 
I got home I Bet to work to inform myself on the subject, and 
found, in the little Catholic Cemetery, this beautiful monumenl 
instead of a lonely grave covered with weeds. I.i 1 1 Toomi 


A- a matter of general interest the Veteran make- this inquiry so as to complete historic records of the 
Confederate soldier- who now live in Texas. Texas < ommanders and Adjutants will pit attention to 

this report at once, so it may be published as complete as possible in the February Veteran. See the Decem- 
ber Veteran, page 381. Please fill out report for your Camp below. 

LcK \ rio» and N ami oe Camp. 

Belton Bell Do. Ex-Confed. Ass'n 

Canton- J. L.Hogg Camp 

Coleman — Coleman Camp 

Dublin— Erath and Comanche Camp 
El Paso Jno. C Brown Camp 

Bvllle Joseph E. Johnston Camp.. 
i . G. Kej ' lamp 

m — Young Counts Bivouac 

Grand* i-« —J, l ■'. Johnston Camp 

Ladonla -Robert K. Lee Camp 

Lampassas K. E. Lee Camp.. 

Marlin— Willis L. Lang Camp 

Mexla -Joe Johnston Camp .... 

Paradise— Pal Cleburne Camp 

South Prairie— J. K. B. Stuart Camp 

Tyler — Albert Sidney Johnston Camp.... 
Will- Point-Wills Point Camp 




































































































■ > 


































































W. A. sims. Adjutant, Gainesville : Sony [cannol give you a complete roBtei bo man] registered without giving where from. We 
ha\ e ftbout 800 ni our Camp. 

There are 1,615 subscribers in Texas at 320 postoffices. Please compare your list with the names at other 
postoffices. Surely all Camps will become interested in the Veteran it' they can Bee it. The Veteran has 
been made the official organ of many Camps in Texas and in every other Southern State. Various not- 
to be added when the list is completed. 

Comrades and brothers, why do you delay? Prepaid envelopes with printed blanks, at considerable ex- 
pense, were sent to every Camp. Let each send statements similar to the above without delay. 



'./..V. /./•;/•; ABOUT TO ENTER BATTLE. 

N.i other circumstance of the war has attracted more 
attention than the reference- to ' leu. Lee when, in the 
crisis between defeat and victory, he rode in front of 
soldiers, ready to lead them in the charge. An old cir- 
cular coiiic> from Texas with an account of an exhibi- 
tion in which Lee is reported by the Galveston News 
in the picture as follows: This heroic man, generally 
so calm and self-contained, Barnes like an archangel 
above the wreck of war. ami inspires all around him 
with his own elevated yet steadfast intention. 
"gen. LEE To the re \K." 

Col. W. L. Goldsmith, Meridian, Miss., writes: The 

Texan, in Last CONFEDERATE VETERAN, is correct, and 
BO wen- other writers who saw Gen. Lee turned back. 
All are correct, but, strange to say, no one gives dates. 
This would correct every thing. I happened to wit- 
both events. One occurred on the nth of May, 
L864, early in the morning, when A. P. Hill was being 
withdrawn to place Longstreet's corps in position, be- 
cause of the severe fighting of Hill's Corps on the 5th 
of May. The Federals, by a strange chance, attacked 
Hill's Corps while withdrawing, which was thrown 
into great confusion, and retreated fighting. Long- 
street's column was just coming up. Gen. R. E. Lee 
started to lead them into action to check the wild rush 
of the Federals. .Many of us heard the Texas soldier 
tell Gen. Lee to go to the rear. 1 was in a few feet of 
Gen. Lee for a long time that morning, while trying 
to rally the retreating Confederates. Be was on Old 

The second occasion occurred just six days there- 
after, early on the ever-memorable 12th of May. 1864, 
when Hancock, by night surprise, had captured the 
angle occupied by Gen. Johnson, and captured nearly 
his entire division, with many pieces of artillery. 
Gen. R. E. Lee again attempted to Lead the fresh troops 
coming up to retake our Lost works. 1 was there, and 
saw the gallant John l'». Gordon remonstrating with 
Gen. Lee to go to the rear, which he finally did, and 
Gordon led brigade after brigade against the enemy, 
my own included, and we recaptured the works in our 
front and held them all day. and until 10 P. vi., when 
we were withdrawn to form the new line. 1 remember 
sending Capt. Perry, of my regiment, back that awful 
12th of May, 1864, to tell our artillery to elevate their 
guns, as their shell- were exploding just over US and 
killing my men. Capt. Perry returned and said, " My 
God, they are yankee battenesl" At this battle the 
musketry rolled for twenty hours continuously. So 
you see "this matter, which seems to be in such great 
confusion, happened twice, and comrades write about 
each without giving dates, and hence the conflict. 
I commanded the fourteenth Georgia Regiment, 
Thomas' Georgia Brigade, Wilcox's Division, and A. 
]'. Bill's Corps, and saw both occurrences, and all 
writers nearly are correct. 

Capt. R. D. Funkhouser writes from Mauvertown, 
Va.: The details of the " Lee to the rear" incident 
are given at the request of W. T. Gass, of Texas. The 
claims of Alabama and Texas are correct. Their ac- 
count occurred on the 5th or (>th of May, 1NH4, at 
the Wilderness proper. The battle of Spottsylvania, 
or Horse-shoe, occurred on the 12th of May, fifteen or 
twenty miles distant. 

I was First Lieutenant of Company D, Forty-ninth 
Virginia Infantry (the famous Extra Lilly Smith's 
old regiment up to the battle of Spottsylvania. After 
thai 1 commanded my company, and was captured at 
Hare's Hill, or Fort Steadman, March 25, L865, in 
front of Petersburg, along with one hundred and 
eleven oilio r- and nineteen hundred men. The Forty- 
ninth Virginia Regiment was in Gordon's Division, 
Jackson's old Corps, afterward Early's and Gordon's 

General Grant commenced his " on to Richmond" 
by crossing the Rapidan River, May I, 1864, the terri- 
ble battles of the wilderness, or Parker's store, taking 
place on the 5th and 6th of May. < Irant being worsted, 
he commenced his slide around or Hanking policy, only 
to find General Lee boldly confronting him on the 
heights at Spottsylvania on the evening of Sunday, 
the Nth. after a tortuous march through the Wilder- 
ness, which was on lire, and burned up to the road on 
both sides, and in very warm weather too. It had 
been evident that preparations were being made for a 
tremendous conflict, and it came. In the meantime 
the famous horseshoe and other earthworks were cre- 
ated, and a sortie was made by the enemy on the 
evening of the 10th on a portion of our works a little 
to the left of the toe of the horse-shoe, and it was car- 
ried, but speedily retaken, with considerable loss on 
both sides. On that day and the next, the 11th. our 
brigade, or division, was used as a supporting division, 
consequently we occupied a position in the rear. On 
the morning of the 12th we were moved up to the 
front line, a little to the left of the toe of the horse- 
shoe, the latter being a thicket. Our position, a small 
open field, connected with another Held a little farther 
to the rear by a narrow strip of land like an isthmus. 
We were doubled upon or supported the Louisiana 
brigade. I said to one of the Louisiana Tigers, " What's 
the matter here? You've had us waked up before day 
and brought out of our shelter into the rain." He 
replied, " We will have the yankees over here directly 
to take breakfast with us." 

It was hardly dawn, and pouring down rain, when 
Hancock landed bis forty thousand men against 
Johnson's division, in the toe of the horseshoe, 
when his thirty-six hundred as brave men as the 
world ever saw, with its commander, who had won the 
sobriquet of "Hull" Johnson, were overpowered and 
captured. We, being immediately on their left, of 

course the enemy were to pay their respects to us next. 
A gallant officer sprang oiit of the ditch and said, 
"Men, don't be scared; be steady and follow me ; I'll 
take you out." We had not gone more than two 
hundred yards before we were halted by Col. A.. I. 
Pendleton', who said to me, "Captain, stay here at all 
hazards till I return," and started for General Swell's 
headquarters in a gallop. My attention was called to 
a thicket which we would either have to pass through 
or flank around through the little opening already 

described, and t y horror the yankees were going 

up an old road at trail arms and double quick to cut 
us off. I called Colonel Pendleton and pointed to- 
ward the yankees. With a motion of his hand he 
directed us to Hank around the thicket, which we did 
in a hurry, marching within fifty or seventy-live yards 
of the yankees, who seemed to be forming to charge 
us. When we got around the thicket and in the 
second field we came to a halt without any orders from 
anybody, and on looking around I saw Gen. R. E. 



Lee, alone I think, calmly sitting on his gray horse. 
I said to Capt. J. B. Updike, "Here is General Lee!" 
He joined nie and others in saying, "General Lee to 
the rear." General Gordon then rode up and said, 
"General Lee, these are Virginians; they have never 
failed to do their duty, and they never will, lmt they 
don't want you to uselessly expose your life. You go 
to the rear and they will follow me ; won't you, boys? " 
All echoed "Yes," when Sergt. Wm. A. Compton, who 
had volunteered at the age of seventeen Li' is now 
Sheriff of Warren County. Va. i, took hold of the bridle 
of General Lee's horse and led him back through the 
ranks of my company and regiment. ' leneral Gordon 
Immediately spurred hi;- horse into the thicket, saying, 
"Charge! men, follow me!" and in the language of 
John R. Thompson, the poet, 

" Like the waves of the sea 

Tliat burst the dykes in t lie overflow . 

Madly the veterans burel on the fi 

Their ranks were torn and their columns riven, the 
breastworks retaken, and the day was ours, General 

Lee was reported to ha \ e -aid : " The crisis had come. 
The army was cut in twain, and I was willing to risk 
all on the one issue." And he won. 


Capt. John M Sloan, Pontotoc, Mis-.. Dec 27, 1893, 
writes to comrades: 1 was Captain of Company G, 
Forty-fifth Mississippi Regiment, Wood- and M. P 
l.ou iy's Brigade, Pat Cleburne's I >ivision, in our greal 
war. 1 was fearfully wounded ami disabled in the 
memorable battle of Chickamauga, September 20, 1863. 
When in command of my company, in front of the 
enemy's lines, and under a heavy tire of shot and 
shell, I had the misfortune of having my under jaw, 
upper teeth, and pari of my tongue shot away, and 
my fare terribly mutilated bj the explosion of a shell 
from one of the enemy's guns, Since thai time I have 
had to lie on my hack when taking my meal- and he 
fed by others on fluids. 1 cannot masticate any food 

whatever. Notwithstanding my unfortunate and irre- 
parable condition, 1 managed so ae to support myself 
and family tor twenty-live years, lmt am unable to do 
so longer without assistance. 

Comrades. 1 dislike to beg 1 had rather that it was 
different, hut 1 cannot help it. 1 received this ugly 
ami unfortunate wound in a just and honorable cause. 
1 did my duty in defending our beloved Sunn\ South- 
land, homes, property ami firesides. Will you please 
Bee to it that myself and family do not suffer for the 
necessaries of life ? 1 baveawifeand two daughters 
dependent on me for a support, and one of the daugh- 
ters has been an invalid for the past eighteen years. 
Please contribute something to our relief, and I assure 
you that the amount will be gratefully appreciated by 
us. [Signed], Your comrade, John N. Sloan. 

C. If Mitchell and Frank Sauter fully indorse the 
above statement of (apt. .1. X. Sloan, ami say he is 
very poor, -i good, moral man. a law-abiding citizen, 
ami merits all that can he .ion.' for him. 

Rev. ('has. ll.Otken. Summit. Miss., Jan. 1,1894: 

1 was the Chaplain of the Forty-fifth Mississippi Regi- 
ment. I saw Captain Sloan on the held of Chicka- 
mauga. Sept. I'll, 1863. Four surgeons pronounced his 
case hopeless. The chin dangled in front of his breast. 

The shell made a gash from the outer edge of the 
right ' eye to the corner of the mouth. From Sun- 

day noon until Tuesday about '2 p. m. no relief was 
given him — not a drop of water could he given him. 
[obtained private physicians from Ringgold, Ga. They 
cut away the chin and sewed the nose to the face. An 
old physician who had Berved in the Mexican war, 
and who saw him, said that he knew of only one man 
similarly wounded on record. Captain Sloan was 
frightfully mutilated. For over thirty years he lies 
down supine three times a day on two chairs and is 
fi<l as a child. I have made several efforts for relief 
in his behalf. To the last, the first response came 
from Hon. (i. F. Rowles, of Natchez — a negro— a rep- 
resentative of Adams County. He -cut $25. The 
next came from Mrs. Sarah F. Marshall, from Bartow 
on the Sound. Westchester County, N. Y. she -cut 
$10 to me through Rev. l'r. Stratton, of Natchez. M tee . 
and $10 direel to me from her home. Dear Comrades 
of the Lost Cause! I know no! how to commend my 
friend to your generous consideration.- He is now an 
old man, has an afflicted family, a ml is poor. I am sure 
that as long as there are surviving Confederates who 
can aid, Captain Sloan ought nol to Buffer for material 
comforts. Shall we not let a little BUnshine into this 
dreary ho ? 

Gen. S. D. Fee. Columbus Miss . -Ian.. 18, 1894, in 
official letter: Comrades of the Division, and Unat- 
tached Veterans The inclosed appeal ol Comrade 
John K.Sloan, Forty-tilth Mississippi Regiment, M. 
P Lowry's Brigade, Cleburne's Division, Army of 
Tennessee, is before you. He ha- done nil he could 
ami supported himself for twenty-five years. Now he 
call- on us for aid. Fet those of us who w ei . spared 
and were more fortunate now come forward 
our scanty purses and means, as we did our haversacks 
and canteen- during the war. He i- now old ami can- 
not help himself. His is an exceptional case. Prob- 
ably no other such disfiguring and disqualifying wound 
was received on either sid< during the war. Fetus 
all, comrades and charitably disposed persons, con- 
tribute of our means to this unfortunate soldii 
well vouched for. He was a splendid soldier, and was 
disabled while fighting for our 1. cloved Southland. 

Since receipt of above I learn the State has given 

Capt. Sloan $150. Contributions will be accepted for 

him at this of] 

Mi I'M. s fob Confederate Soldiers. — Southerner, 
Dyersburg, Tenn. : Among my friends is a deserving 
Confederate veteran who is unable, as a re-ult of a 
wound received during the war, to earn a living in the 
ordinary pursuits of life. One day 1 said to him, 
"Captain, why don't you apply for a pension; you are 
entitled to it under the laws of T( "1 do 

not want it," he replied. "1 did not fight for money. 
but 1 believe thai a medal ought to be issued to each 
deserving old soldier." This is an idea that 1 would 
be glad to see carried into effect. If each Southern 

State would issue a t la] to its honored Confederate 

veterans, and to the families of the dead who fought 
to the death, it would do much to keep alive I 
lire- that should burn forever in our hearts. The 
medals would become precious heirlooms to which 
eaeh Southerner and Southern family would point 
with pride, and the holiest principles for which mor- 
tals ever fought would still live, and the memo) 
our glorious heroes would be consecrated in undying 
love. Could not a movement looking to this end be 




Col. Jno. P. Hickman. Secretary of the Tennessee 
Division of Confederate Soldiers, has kindly furnished 
the Veterak the following from the Minutes of the 
meeting held at Jackson. It will show how very 
strict the Tennessee Division is as to the eligibility of 
membere : 

The Secretary read the opinions given 1 > v the State 
( tracers as to eligibility of members, in answer to cer- 
tain questions asked by one of the Bivouacs. Said 
questions and answers were taken up, and each an- 
swer was unanimously indorsed and adopted by the 
Association. They are in substance as follows: 

Question i. If a Surgeon in the Confederate Army resigned, 
not from any physical disability, and came home, took the 
oath of allegiance to the Federal Government, and remained 

within the lines of tlie 1,0.1:1! forces, would he be eligible to 
our Association? 

Answer. Tin- act of resignation is honorable ; but the mo- 
ment an officer forswears his allegiance to the Government, he 
loses the honor of his resignation, ami can only be classed as 
having abandoned the country winch he swore to support, and 
cannot I a member of our Association. 

Question L'. If a man was discharged from service for sick- 
ness the first year of the war, and was afterward able for ser- 
vice and did not re-enter the army, would he be eligible '.' 

Answer. If a soldier was discharged for a real physical dis- 
ability 1 sickness, not minority or over-age) under our Consti- 
tution hi- is eligible. Oar members should only be men who 
did their whole duty, without shirking or equivocation. 

Question 3. If a soldier joined the army and served one 
year, ami then hired a substitute, came home, took the oath, 
ami remained within the enemy's lines, would he be eligible? 

Answer. A man cannot join our Association on the ser- 
vices of a substitute, but the service must have been performed 
in person, otherwise a man could join on the services of a son 
who was a minor, for he owned and was as much entitled to 
the services of his minor son as he was to the services of his 
substitute. A man's financial ability to hire a substitute did 
not relieve him of his duty to his country, nor does it make 
biin eligible to our Association. 

Question 4. What is meant by "honorably released from 
Service," as appears in the third Article of our'Coustitution J 

Answer. If a soldier was released from one branch of the 
service to join another, or was released from service to take 
some civic ollice which was necessary to the maintenance of 
bis government, or was released on account of some physical 
disability, not warranting a regular discharge, be would be hon- 
orably released. This Instance is cited : Hon. Howell Cobb, 
of 1 norgia, was Colonel of a regiment, and was elected to the 
( 'onlederate Congress ; the records say " be was honorably re- 
leased from S01 vice." 

It can readily he sen that if a soldier was fortunate enough 
to hold a commissi. .11, resigned it, went in the lines of the 
enemy, took the oath Of allegiance to the government of the 
enemy, that was not an honorable release, and such soldiers 
cannot become members of our Association. 

S. S. .Meyers, of Jackson County, filed his applica- 
tion with S. S. Stanton Bivouac to lie,,. me a member. 
Said application was fully considered by the Bivouac, 
and it appeared that he had taken the oath of allegi- 
ance to the federal Government before the surrender 
of the Confederate Annies, lie had never been dis- 
charged for a real physical disability. His application 
was rejected by the Bivouac, and he appealed there- 
from to the state Association. Comrade S. F. Wilson 

moved that the appeal lie laid upon the table, as S. S. 
Myers, never having I .eon a member of the Association, 
had no right to appeal thereto. Whereupon ('apt. W. 
W. ( 'antes offered the following resolution, which was 
unanimously adopted : 

Resolved, by the State Association of Confederate Soldiers, 
that the appeal of 8. 8. Myers be laid on the table, S. S. Stanton 

Bivouac being the soje arbiter and having exclusive jurisdic- 
tion in his case. Hut nothing herein contained shall be con- 
strued as in any way abridging the State officers' right to 
i. jeel members received by the Bivouacs, or to purge Bivouacs 
of unworthy members. 


This Camp has an auxiliary membership. The eli- 
gibility of members is officially reported as follows: 

'flu' immediate descendants and relatives of those 
who honorably served in the Army, Navy, or Civil 
Service of the Confederate States of America, and 
their male relatives, shall be eligible to admission as 
auxiliary members of the Confederate Veteran Camp, 
provided they shall have attained the age of twenty- 
one years. 

Auxiliary members are entitled to all the privileges 
of the Camp, excepting that of voting before attain- 
ing the age of twenty-live years, or 01 holding office 
or membership in the Executive Committee before at- 
taining the age of thirty-live years. But no auxiliary 
member shall be eligible to the office of Commander 
or Lieutenant Commander before attaining the 
forty-live years. Nevertheless, auxiliary members 
having attained the age of twenty-live years, are eligi- 
ble to appointment on any or till special or subcom- 

woman's auxiliary of this. camp. 

To foster and encourage co-operation in the charita- 
ble, social, and other appropriate works of the Camp, 
the Executive Committee may authorize the forma- 
tion of one or more associations of ladies, to be 
known as "Woman's Auxiliary of the Confederate 
Veteran Camp," membership therein only to be held 
by wives or daughters, granddaughters, sisters, nieces, 
or cousins of those who honorably served in the Army, 
Navy or Civil Service of the Confederate States of 
America, or relatives of auxiliary members of the 
Confederate Veteran Cam]). No dues or U-r< shalj be 
levied by the Camp on such Associations, or the mem- 
bers thereof. 

A Confederate Monument to re Erected at 
Franklin. — The ladies of Williamson County are en- 
gaged in raising funds with which to erect a monu- 
ment to the memory of Confederate soldiers, the living 
and the dead. It is their purpose to place iton the 
Public Square, where it may be seen of all men. We 
are going to succeed, and will have a monument of 
which any city would be proud. Some time ago 
Charles Hills, of Chicago, a Federal soldier who fought 
here in November, 1864, was on a visit looking over 

the battle-ground, and heard of this monument un- 
dertaking, when he volunteered to give ten dollars 
toward it. This is one of the many incidents that 
occurs during life's journey to show us the kin-hip 
of men. 1 don't know what his polities are, and 1 
■ 1 < piil care. I venture to say he is a gentleman of the 
highest order, and was a brave soldier. 11. 

Mrs. S. A. A. McCausland, Lexington, Mo., in send- 
ing subscription to the Veteran, Bays: I want the 
Hag.-. In the beginning of I he " late unpleasantness " 
I suffered many things because of a refusal to surren- 
der a Confederate Hag to a regiment in blue, so now I 
"even up" by keeping the colors always in sight on 
my own domain. 



Too late for suitable notice conies the announcement 
that Gen. Lucien B. Northrop, Commissary General 
of the Confederate States and classmate of Jefferson 
Davis at West Point, died at the Maryland Confeder- 
ate Home. 

It is well to give in the Veteran notice of the death 
of Mrs. .lane Washington, mother of Hon. Joseph E. 
Washington, member of Congress from Tennesset 
She was a Miss Smith, of Florence, Ala., and became 
the second wife of Col. George A. Washington, whose 
father, Joseph Washington, came from Virginia in 
1798. II'' bought sixty-live acres of land, to which he 
and his son added by purchase nearly 1'J.inki acres 
more. It is doubtless the largest body of improved 
land ever owned by one family in Tennessi e \ mag- 
nificent home was buill nearly three-quarters of a cen- 
tury ago. Colonel Washington was buried there a 
little more than a year ago, and now his wife. 

During the war, while submitting to legal authori- 
ties. Col. Washington determined to resisl hand- of 
guerrilas who infested his home, and was given per- 
mit by General Rosseau to keep fire-arms in his house. 
He resisted as many as eight marauders at one time, 
assisted by two faithful slaves, to whom he gave guns, 
while young Joseph carried ammunition for him. He 
shot one of them, and by that means traced some 
of the others so the authorities secured and executed 
them. Again he killed a man while taking a horse 
from one of his stables, who happened to be a soldier, 
It created a great sensation. Two companies of sol- 
diers went to the house to avenge the death and quar- 
reled about the prey until a regiment arrived for his 
rescue. Meanwhile one of them shot him a flesh 
wound, and was about tiring again when the faithful 
wife rushed between them. The coward tired at her. 
but one of his comrades knocked up the pistol and 
the hall passed over the heads of them both. 

('apt. Thomas E. Mallory, who served four years 
in the Confederate army, died in Montgomery County, 
Trim., February 9th. He was a member of the church 
and was buried by his brother Masons. 

An exchange reports "a big funeral" by the colored 
people in Jacksonville, Florida, to Or. A. H. Darnes, 

colored. The deceased was a prominent Mason. No- 
tice here is given because of his service through the 
war with Gen. 1-'.. Kirby-Smith. Of the many manu- 
scripts that have awaited space in the Veteran there 
i- one from this Dr. Panics setting forth the noble 
character of his master. 

F. O'Brien, Birwick, La., notes that Comrade James 
Malcolm was huried February Ith. He was in his 74th 

year. Adjutant O'Brien adds that the Yi ii i,\\ im- 
proves all the time, and says. " 1 think you will get as 
many subscribers at si as you would at fifty cents." 

Nat. D. Colhoun, who was a member of Company 
C, Second Louisiana Cavalry, died at his home at 

Stanton Depot, Tenn., January 19th, aged ."> I years. 


Effort i- being made to chancre the general postal 
law in regard to delivery of periodicals in the cities 
where published. The Veteran weighs about two 
and a half ounces. Postage upon it is one cent per 
pound to every place in the United States, and deliv- 
ered by carrier the same as letters, except in Nashville, 
where prepayment by postage stamps is required at 
two cents percopy. The largest magazines are maila- 
ble at the same price. Twelve copies of the Veteran 

may he delivered throughout the suhurhs of the 1; 
cities for what it costs to mail one to a Nashville suh- 
Bcribi r. By the libera] favor to publishers of hooks 
the I tepartment sends all that are admitted as second- 
da-- matter at on, cent for four ounces, yet the Vet- 
eran a- other small monthlies), entitled to the gen- 
eral mail at one cent per pound, must pay two cent- per 
Hy of publication. Mr. Washington. 
Representative of the Nashville District in Con 

bill before tie House for a change in the law. 
Cen. Wheeler, of Alabama, Member, and Gen. Bate, 
of Ti - itor, are co-operating with Mr. Wash- 

ington in behalf of a change whereby periodica 
four ounces and less may he mailed for one cent. Ap- 
peal for favorable consideration ha- been made to 
Postmaster General Bissell, who ms satisfactory 

interest in it. This publication explains to the hun- 
dred- of subscribers in Nashville whose copies of the 
Veteran arc not promptly delii hey should he. 

Rev. C. G. Reagan, of Itasca, Texas, in his mi --ions 
of peace, forgot that he left with Mr. T. J. Glasscock, 
of Marshall. Texas, his sword about the close of the 
war. Thomas Brooks, editor of the Washington 
County Review, printed a letter about it. and Rev. Mr. 
ii secured the sword. It was presented to him 
by Col. J. R. Pettigrew. 

The next Veteram is to contain an elaborate his- 
tory of postage -tamp- mad, m Confederate time-. 
There are about forty illustrations to be in the sketch 
referring to many curious characteristics about them. 

A Confederate Camp was organized at Pikeville, 

Tenn.. January 19th, and named in honor of Col. H. 
M. Ashhy. who commanded tie Second Tenn 

Confederate Cavalry. 1.. T. Billingsley W8 
Commander, and Z. M. Morris. Adjutant. Another 
meeting to perfect the organization i- to he held on 
the 17th of February. 

John W. l'oo-er. Marianna, Fla.: Inclosed find $2 for 
.■ al-. We have been reading the Veteran now 

for twelve months, have become much attached to it 

and can't do without it. 

Geo. E. Hardwicke. Sherman, Texas, February 12th, 
in sending $5 for live subscribers, states; All you lack 
of getting on. hundred subscribers here in Sherman is 
somebody to rustle for them. I simply mentioned the 
paper and they immediately subscribed. 




H. K. Hill, Comanche, Texas: * * * And be- 
sides, I never wrote any thing for publication in my 
life. I regard Forrest as the greatest cavalry officer in 
our war. I firmly believe bad Stonewall Jackson lived 
and been given 50,000 infantry, and Forrest given 
15,000 cavalry, they would have wiped tin- thing out 
and "carried the war into Africa," instead of standing 
on the defensive and being worn out, as we were. I 
belonged tn Itoss' brigade, and was under Van Dora 
until he was killed. After this we wen- sent hack to 
Mississippi, and covered the gloomy retreat oi Joseph 
K. Johnston from Big Black to Jackson, and afterward 
went to Georgia and skirmished for Johnston's left 
from Rome to Atlanta. We were at New Hope and 
Jonesboro, and captured McCook and I Jrown low's out- 
fit at Xewnan, and followed Kilpatrick down to Love- 
joy. The description of the Confederate 
soldier by Mr. IJaskette, in December Veteran, was a 
very fine production. He must have been one of 
them. I was well pleased with the letter of Mrs. Sarah 
K. Brewer, some time ago. God bless her, she has my 
permission to have her say. a- she called it. 1 wish 
you good success. Don't let your journal get into the 
hands of a cold-blooded mob north of Mason and 
Dixon's line, and my opinion is it will flourish. Mind 
you. 1 have not written this for publication. 

Wm. C. TimminS, Of Houston, Texas, hopes tO lo- 
cate :i sword presented to his uncle, Lieut. Col. Wm. 
C. Timmins, of the Second Texas Regiment, when he 
first left to join the Confederate Army as Captain of a 
company raised in Houston. It was appropriately en- 
graved, and had his name Inscribed thereon. Col. 
Timmins was wounded during the siege of Vicksburg, 
and died soon afterward in vicksburg, and is buried 
at Houston. Texas. 1 am pretty certain that the 
vankees did not get it, hut some Confederate officer 
brought it away from Vicksburg. 

John \V. Rogers, manufacturer of fine carriages. Bal- 
timore, writes an earnest commendation of the Vet- 
eran with his left hand. He lost his right arm in the 
battle of Gettysburg, in Company C, Twelfth Virginia 

• lames D. Odom, Boz, Texas: Go on, sir, with your 
noble work, and may the God of our beautiful South- 
land bless you and all worthy ex-Co nfederate soldiers. 
One dollar is quite reasonable for the Veteran. Let 
us have it, thai we children may know more of our 
fathers' experiences during those stormy days. 

W. A. Campbell, Columbus, Miss.: 1 wish I could 
write for the Vj teran Gen. S. D. Lee's speech to us 

last night, lie gave incidents of the war, illustrating 

the daring and valor of the Southern soldiers, and he 

Baid, in the course of his remarks, that as time passes 
history will recognize the sublime courage of the 
Southern soldiers. He told of seeing a company of 
boy-, about 125 strong, in which there were none ex- 
cept the officers -1 years old. go into battle to sup- 
port artillery at Sharpsburg, and that although about 
twenty-five of the boys were shot dead from the ranks 
they faltered not. 

GeorgeN. Ratlifif, Huntsville, Mo.: * * * By the 
way, I am coming back to Franklin to visit again" that 
battle-field. There are 1 III M issourians buried there. 
and I knew them every one. 1 was with them for 
nearly four years. 

W. A. ('.. ( olumbus. Miss. : Let each Camp have a 
visiting card, to give to any member who is traveling. 
signed by the Commander and Adjutant, stating that 
he is a member in good standing Any man can buy 

01 f the Confederate buttons and pas- as a veteran. 

We intend to do this in our Camp, and a notice in 
the Veteran may induce other Camps to adopt the 
plan. It will at least bring out a discussion of the 
matter, and may lead to something better. ( >ur regu- 
lation button, as you know, can be bought in many 
places of jewelers, and by any one. as Captain Shipp's 

plan of having the button copyrighted has not so tar 
been successful. 

Rev. Thomas M. Cobb, Lexington. Mo.: I am de- 
lighted with the Veteran. Success to you. 1 was a 
member of Company 11. Second Missouri Infantry, C. 

s. A.., Senator Cocknll's old regiment and company. 

I was severely wounded at the battle of Kennesaw 
Mountain. Georgia, and sent to the hospital at Barns- 
ville, Ga., where I lay with wound and gangiven for 
two months. My nurse was a Mr. Elder, a wounded 
and disabled soldier from Tennessee. My recollection 
is he lived in or near Murfreesboro. If he is living I 
would like to hear from him, and would take it as a 
great favor if any one would inform me about him. 
I hope to give you some incidents interesting and 
thrilling soon. 

C.J.Holt. Haley. Tellll. : It does my soul good to 

read of the daring deeds of those heroes who donned 
the gray and kept step to strains of martial music 
made from such airs as "Maryland, My Maryland," 
"Bonnie Blue Flag," "The Girl I Left 'behind Me," 
or the soul-stirring strains of "Dixie." The proudest 
heritage I claim is my birthright in the sunny South- 
land, and the son of a Confederate veteran who tramped 
the hot sands of Virginia and other Southern States 
four long years. 

Messrs. P. L. Smithson and J. L. Gee, of Williamson 
County, Tenn., have a very pleasant recollection of 
Gen. John C. Breckinridge at Shiloh. It was on 
Tuesday after the fighting of Sunday and Monday. 
They had been sent early on detail for some guns, and 
while in execution of the order they were met by Gen- 
eral Breckinridge, who asked what command they be- 
longed to, and on being told, he said, " Soldiers, you 
seem to have had a bad night" — they were wet from 
the excessive rains — "and 1 expect have not had any 
breakfast." They promptly responded that they had 
not. "Neither have 1," said the General, " but 1 have 
two biscuits. 1 will give one to you two and divide 
the other with my Aide" They will ever remember 
thecourtesy and kindness of the eminent Kentuckian. 

Capt. B. M. Hord, Nashville, Tenn., desires to know 

of Ed Moore, of t he Washington Artillery, who shared 
bed blankets with him at Lock Island. 111. 

I!. I!. Hancock, Auburn, Tenn., desires the address 
of any members of the Second Missouri Cavalry. 

•lames Archer, Stanton, Miss., would like to know 
what became of the three stall' officers of Gen. Bush- 
rod Johnson— Snowden. lilakemore, and Black. 

A. .1. Cowart, of Little Oak, Ala., wants the address 
of Spotswood Garland, who was Captain of Company 
G, Sixty-third Alabama Infantry. He was wounded 
and captured in the battle of Blakely, (?) April 9, 1865. 

R. II. Phelps, Esq., LaG range, Texas : Send me the 
old list of subscribers, giving date when subscription 
expires, and I will try to get them to renew. 




The January Veteran contained quite a thorough 
account of the Confederate cause in Maryland with ref- 
erence to the Confederate Soldiers' Borne at Pikeville, 
a small tillage eight miles from Balti- 
more, which is reached by splendid driv- 
ing roads and by electric cars. Thei 
mand of the Home is intrusted to W. 
11. Pope, who was a gallant Confederate 
soldier, and whose whole heart is en- 
listed for its success, lie has been zeal- 
ous tor the Veteran from the tirst. The 
total expenses of the Home at the last 
annual report, September, 1893, were 
$38,195. Of this sum the state has 

trihuted $27,500. The Maryland Line 
created the influences whereby the Home 
was established. 

maintained the same high character and bearing, and 
the record of their deeds is held in veneration and 
affection." All honor to Maryland I 

The superb record made by soldiers 

from Maryland in the Confederate Army 
is attributable mainly to the First and 
Second Regiments Infantry, the First 
and Second Regiments < Javalry, the First, 
Second. Third and Fourth Companies of 
Artillery, numbering in the aggregate 
about four thousand men. From the be- 
ginning, at Harper's Ferry, in 1861, to 
the end at Appomattox in 1865, "they 






denta is due to the fact 
that the narrators of such 
tiling do not always con- 
fine themselves strictly 
tn the Btat< men! of what 
they did themselves, but 
are much disposed to in- 
clude in their reports 
what they think was 
done or omitted to be 
done by others. At the 
battle 'it' Fredericksburg, 
for instance, fiehting 
took place on the right 
and Left of the ( lonfeder- 
ate army, it- center not 
bavins been engaged at 
all. < fen. Longstreet, "it 
i be I onfederate left, had 
repulsed the repeated at- 
tacks made u po D t he 
troops posted at the foot 

Col. Charles Marshall of Baltimore, delivered an ad- 
dress in that city January 19th, the birthday of Gen. 
Lee, in which be described graphically the great sin- 
render at Appomattox . 1 1 is large audience comprised 
many members of Congress who had gone over from 
Washington. On the platform, in addition, were 
Cardinal Gibbons, Gen. Wade Hampton, and other 
distinguished visitors. The twin daughters of Gen. 

II I were there with their chaperon. Gen. Bradley 

T. Johnson introduced Col. Marshall as "the right 
hand of Lee," and who was with him in the last hours 
of an expiring tragedy. Col. Marshall was received 
with great applause. Part of his address follows: 

When old soldiers and sailors meet to talk about the 
war, it must be admitted that they some- 
time- forgel the reverence due the divin- 
ity commonly Bpoken of as the Goddess 
of Truth. This tendency to exaggerate 
and invent in describing events that ex- 
cite great interest, and particularly such 
as appeal to the feelings and passions of 
men, makes itself felt long after the 

events hav icurred, and impairs the 

value of history. We d t yet know 

with certainty the Tacts of the battle of 
Waterloo. As to Cliancellorsville and 
Gettysburg, although I witnessed both, 
1 sometimes think, in view of the abso- 
lutely irreconcilable accounts we have of 
those two engagements, a Bishop Whate- 

ly might readily create historic doubts 

as to whether either was, in ('act, fought. 
It. was my duty during the latter half of 
the war, tO prepare the reports of Cell. 
Lee under his directions, and one of the 
most difficult things I had to do was to 
reconcile the many conflicting accounts 
of the same affair submitted by com- 
manding officers. Much of the confu- 
sion and contradiction of statement mad e 
by narrators or writers of historic inci- 

of .Marye's Hill, and Cell, .lackson had repulsed the as. 
sault made on our right near Hamilton's Crossing. 
The distance between the two scenes of combat was 
between three and four miles. In the afternoon I 

came across Gen. 1>. H. Hill, of Jackson's Corps, who 

thought Ids wing had been doing all the fighting, 
while the left had not been engaged at all. Nearly 
fifteen hundred Federal dead lay in front of Marye's 
Hill, and Gen. Hill did not know that there had been 
any fighting there. 

With this full knowledge of this tendency to error, 
I now come to present to you, as accurately as 1 can, 
the facts of the surrender ot'Cen. at Appomattox, 
about which you have asked me to talk to you on this 
occasion, when we are met to celebrate his birthday. 
I know of no other event in his life which more 
strongly illustrates some of the great qualities that 
adorned the character of our great chieftain. 

1 shall begin my narrative with the opening of the 





correspondence between Gen Lee and Gen. Grant. 
After the disaster of Sailor'e Creek, the atmy, reduced 
to two corps, under the command of Gen. Long! 
and Gen. Gordon, moved through Farmville, where 
rations were issued to some of the starving troops. 
The 'lose' pursuit of the overwhelming army ol 
Grant made il necessary to remove the wagon trains 
before all the men could be Bupplied, and the remnant 
of the great Army of Northern Virginia, exhausted by 
fighting and starvation, moved in the road to Appo- 
mattox Court House. On the afternoon of the 7th of 
April i .en. (.rant Bent to Gen Lee the first letter, so 
well known to readers of history, pointing out the 
hopelessness of longer contining the struggle, and ask- 
ing the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia. 
Gen. Lee, you remem- 
ber, replied, disagreeing 
with Gen. Grant's view 
of the hopelessness of the 
struggle, but inquiring 
the conditions of surren- 
der Gen. Grant might 
oiler. The next day, 
April 8, < Jen. Grant re- 
plied, " Peace being my 
:it desire, there is but 
.me condition I insist 
upon — namely, that the 
men ami officers surren- 
dered shall be disquali- 
fied for taking up arms 
again against the Gov- 
ernment of the United 
States until properly < \ 
changed. 1 will meet 
you, or will designate 
Officers to meet any offi- 
cers you name for the 
same purpose, at any 

ing definitely the terms 
upon which the surren- 
derofthe Armyof North- 
ern Virginia will be re- 

h will be observed that 
Gen. Grant, in this let- 
ter, manifested that del- 
icate consideration for 
his great a d v e r-a ry 
which marked all his 
suhse.|Ucnt conduct to- 
ward him. He offered 
1,. have the terms of the 

arranged by 
officers to be appointed 
for the purpose by him- 
self and ( ren. I I 

the latter the 

and mortification of 

conducting person ally 

the arrangements for the 


When Lord Cornwallis 

opened hi- correspond- 

■ with Gen. wash- 

;ton. which ended in 
rrenderat Yorktown, his lordship proposed that 
two officers he appointed on each Bide to arrange terms 
of surrender. This letter, ami ( lornwallis' subs< 

nation to attend the ceremony of the sum 

of his army, deputizing Gen. < I'Hara to represent him, 
slowed that he Bhrunk from sharing with hi- army 
the humiliation of surrender. Gen.t .rant offered 

ii opportunity to avoid the trial to which the 
British commander felt himself unequal. But 
Lee was made of different stuff It is not without in- 
terest to recall what ■ ren I • i - father, I ight I 
IImm Lee, in writing of "this episode, said that I 

nothing with which Cornwallis could repi 
himself nor his brave and faithful army, and by fail- 
ing to appear at it- head in the day of misfortune, as 

point agreeable to you, 
for the purpose of arrang- 





he had always dime in the .lay of triumph, the British 
General dimmed the splendor of hia lung and brilliant 
career. Little did the father think when he wrote 
these wonls that he was marking the arduous path of 
duty along which his son was one day to be railed 
upon to walk. That son was worthy of such a father 
and of Buch teaching. As I said on another occasion 
of Gen. Lee's conduct through the pain and humilia- 
tion of his position, his great career about to close in 
defeat, and all that he had done about to be made un- 
availing, he saw the path of duty, and he trod it with 
as firm a step and as brave a heart and as lofty a mein 
ae if it had been the way of triumph. 

The march was continued during the 8th of April 
with little Interruption from the enemy, and in the 
evening we halted near Appomattox Court House 
Gen. Lee intending to march by way of Campbell 
Court House through Pittsylvania County toward 
Danville, with a view of opening communication with 
the arm v of General Joseph E. Johnston, then retreat- 
ing before Gen. Sherman through North Carolina. 
Gen. Lee'e purpose was to unite with Gen. Johnston 
to attack Sherman, or call Johnston to his aid in resist- 
ing Grant, whichever might be found best. The ex- 
hausted troops were halted for rest on the 
evening of the 8th of April near Appo- 
mattox Court House, and the march was 
ordered to be resumed at 1 o'clock a. m. 
1 can convey a good idea of the condition 
of affairs by telling my own experience. 

When the army halted on the night 

of the Mh, General Lee and his staff 

turned out of the road into a dense wood 

!; some re-t. The ( leneral had a 

conference with some of the principal offi- which it was determined totryto 

ur way the next morning with the 

troope of i lor don, supported by the cav- 
alry under Gen. Kit/.. Lee, tin- command 
of Longstreet bringingup the rear. After- 
ward we laid upon the ground near the 
road, with our saddles for pillows, our 
horses picketed near by, eating the bark 
from thi' trees for want of better proven- 
der, our faces covered with the capes of 
our overcoats to keep out the night air. 
After 1 o'clock I was aroused by the 

Bound ot a column of infantry marching; 
along the road. We were so completely 
surrounded by the swarming forces of 
General Grant, that at first when I awoke 
I thought the passing column might he- 
Federal soldiers. I raised my head and 
listened intently. My doubts were quickly 
dispelled. 1 recognized these troops as 
they passed along the road in the dead 
of night by hearing one of them repeal 
the Texan version of a passage of Script- 
ure with which I was familiar — I mean 
the Texan version. That version was as 

"The race is nut to tliein that's got 

The longest legs to nm ; 
Nor the battle to that people 

That sheets the biggl si gun." 

This simple confession of faith assured 
me that the immortal brigade of Hood's 
Texans was marching to battlein the dark. 

Soon after they passed we were all astir, and our 
bivouac was at an end. We made our simple toilet, 
consisting mainly of putting on our caps and saddling 
our horses. Somebody had a little corn meal, and 
somebody else had a tin can, such as is used to hold 
hot water for shaving. A fire was kindled, and each 
man in his turn, according to rank and seniority, 
made a can of corn meal gruel, and was allowed to 
keep the can until the gruel became cool enough to 
drink. General Lee, who reposed, as we had done, 
not far from us, did not, as far as 1 remember, have 
even such a refreshment as 1 have described. This 
was our last meal in the Confederacy. Our next was 
taken in the 1'nited States, and consisted mainly of a 
generous portion of that noble American animal whose 
strained relations with the great Chancellor of the 
German Empire made it necessary at last for the 
President of the United States to send an Ohio man to 
the court of Berlin. 

Genera] Cordon had already begun the attempt to 
open the way, hut informed Ceneral Lee that it was 
impossible to proceed farther. General Lee had 
already written to Ceneral Grant, stating : '"1 cannot 
meet vou with a view to surrender the Army of 




Northern Virginia ; but, so far as your proposal may 
affect the Confederate Southern fonts under my com- 
mand, and tend to the restoration of peace, I should 
be pleased to meet you at 10 a. m., to-morrow, on the 
old stage road to Richmond, between the picket lii 
of the two armies." No reply to this Letter had l>een 
received on the morning of the 9th, and General I i 
attended by myBelf and with one orderly, proceeded 
down the old stage road to Richmond to meet < reneral 
< rrant, and while riding to i he rear for this purpose he 
received the message of General Gordon that his ad- 
vance was impossible without reinforcements. We 
rode through the rear guard of the army, composed of 
the remnant of Longstreet's corps. They had thrown 
up substantial breastworks of logs across thi 
leading to the rear, and cheered General Lei as he 
passed in the way they had cheered many a tune be- 
fore. Their confidence and enthusiasm were not i 
whit abated by defeat, hunger and danger. A- soon 

1 reneral Lee received the report of General Gordon 
as to the state i. f affairs in front, he directed that oil 
to ask tor a suspension of hostilities, and proceeded at 
once to meet General < rrant. 

General Lee, with an orderly in front bearings flag 
of truce, had proceeded but a short distance after pass- 
ing through our riar guard when we came upon the 
Bkirmish Line of the enemy advancing to the attack. 
1 went forward to meet a federal officer, who proved 
to be Lieutenant Colonel Whittier. > Whittier 

delivered to me < reneral < (rant's reply to i . ■ 
letter of April 8th, declining to discus- the terms of a 
general pacification, on the ground that ( ieneral Grant 
possessed no authority to deal with the subject, < ien- 
eral immediately sent a letter requesting an inter- 
view for the purpose of arranging tie terms of sun 
der. There were indications that the advance of the 
Federals would booh get into a brush with our troops, 
and I expressed to Colonel Whittier the hope that the 
hostilities would he -u.-pelided until the letter reaehed 

(ieneral Grant. Colonel Whittier soon afterward 
ported that an attack had been ordered, but General 
Meade, upon learning the nature of the note sent Gen- 
eral Grant, assumed the responsibility of suspending 
hostilities for one hour. 1 have said that as General passed through his rear guard the men cheered 
him as of old. They were the flower of the old Army 
<<( Northern Virginia, and 1 felt quite sure that if the 
officer commanding tin' advancing federal troops 
should consider himself bound by his orders to re1 
my request for a suspension of hostilities until Gen- 
eral Lee's letter could reach (ieneral Grant, the rear 
guard of the Army of Northern Virginia would secure 
all the time necessary. 

Colonel Babcock, of General Grant's staff, soon ap- 
peared with tie' reply to (ieneral Lee's note, He and 
1 then rode to Appomattox Court House to secure a 
suitable room for the meeting. This we found in the 
house of a Mr. Mid. can, who had moved there. from 
the battle-field of Bull Run to get out of the way of 
the war. 

General Lee, Colonel Babcock and myself sat in the 
parlor of this house for about half an hour, when a 
large party of mounted men arrived, and in a few 
minutes (ieneral Grant came into the room, accompa- 
nied by his staff and a number of Federal officers of 
rank, among whom were General < >rd and (ieneral 
Sheridan, (ieneral Grant greeted General fee very 
civilly, and they engaged for a short time in conversa- 

tion about their former acquaintance during the Mexi- 
can war. Some other federal officers took part in the 

conversation, which was terminated by General Lee 
Baying to General Grant that he had come to dif 
the t'rins of the surrender of his army, as indicated in 

te of that morning, and hi' suggested to Get 
Grant to reduce his proposition to writing. 
( i rant assented, and < 'olonel Parker, of his staff, moved 
a small table from the opposite side of the room, and 
placed it by General Grant, who sat facing G 

When ( ieneral Grant had written his letter in 
pencil, he took it to (Ieneral Lee, who remained 
seati d. 

eral Lee read the letter, and called General 
Grant ."ii to the fact that he required the 

der of tl of the cavalry a- it thej 

public horses. He told General ('rant that Confed- 
llrymen owned their horses, and that they 
would need them for planting a spring cropt Gen- 
eral < irani pted tie n. and inter- 
lined the i i. allowing t lie retention by the men 
of the horses tl iged to them. At the dire 
of our superior '>;; | Parker made a copy 
of thif in ink, and 1 wrote out (ieneral Lee 8 
acceptance, both ol inkstand. 
In the midst 1 Grant, who was 
talking with < i urned to Gei 

that he has gome 1,200 
of our people i with his men, 

ami that none of them have anyth iti How 

many ration- can you B] J Sheridan 

1. "About twenty-five thousand." (ieneral < 
turned to General Lee and said. il, will that be 

enough?" General Lee replied, " More than enough." 
Thereupoi oJ Grant said to General Sheridan. 

" I (irect your commissary to send twenty-five thousand 

nmissary." (ieneral Sheri- 
dan at once sent an officer to giv< the necessary orders. 
When Coloml Parker had completed thecopyii 

it down at tl little 

table and wroti er. I have yet in 

my possession the original draft of that answer. It 
began: "1 have the honor to acknowledge." General 

truck out tin-, words and made the answei 
as it now appears. His reason was that the c 
pondence might not to appear as if he and (ieneral 
Grant wen not in immediate communication. When 
(ieneral < i rant had signed the copy of his letter I 

by i olonel Parker, and General Lee had signed the 

answer. Colonel Parker handed m J. Grant's 

letter, and I handed to him (ieneral Lee's reply, and 
the work was done. Some further conversation of a 
general nature took place, in which (ieneral Grant 
said to (ieneral fee that he had come to the meeting 
a- he was. and without his Bword, because he did not 
wish to detain lee until he could send hack 

to his wagons, which were Beveral miles away. This 
made by any one to the subject 
of dress on that occasion. General Lee had prepared 
elf forth Qg with more than usual care, 

and was in full uniform, wearing a very handsome 

sword and sash. This was, doubtless, the reas tf 

eral (.rant's reference to himself. 

At last General I.e. took leave of General Grant. 

saying that he would return to his headquarters and 

mate the officers who were to act on our side in 

arranging the details of the surrender. We mounted 

our horses, which the orderly was holding in the yard, 



and rode away, a number of Federal officers standing 
on the porch in front of the house looking at us. 
When General Lee returned to his line a large number 
of men gathered around him. to whom he annou 
what had taken place, and the causes thai had ren- 
dered the surrender necessary. Great emotion was 
manifested by officers and men, bu1 love and sympa- 
thy for their commander mastered every other feeling. 
According to the reporl of the chief of ordnance, 
less than 8,000 armed men surrendered, exclusive of 
the cavalry. The others who were present were un- 
armed, having been unable to carry their arms from 
exhaustion and hunger. Many had fallen from the 
ranks during the arduous march, and unarmed men 
continued to arrive for several days after the surrender, 
swelling the number of paroled prisoners greatly 
beyond the actual effective force. 





Tread lightly, 'tis a soldier's grave, 

A lonely, mossy mound ; 
And yet to hearts like mine and thine 

It should he holy ground. 

Speak softly, let no careless laugh. 

No idle, thoughtless jest, 
Escape your lips where sweetly sleeps 

The hero in his rest. 

For him no reveille will beat 
When morning beams shall come; 

For him, at night, no tattoo rolls 
Its thunders from the drum. 

* s- # 

Tread lightly! for a man bequeathed, 

Ere laid beneath this sod, 
His ashes to his native laud, 

His gallant soul to God. 


[From the British Army and Navy Review, December, 1864.) 

" Grant will hurl a thunderbolt 
At the heart of the revolt; " 

We shall see! 
Other men have tried and failed, 
Other men have blenched and quailed, 

Forcing Lee. 

What though Jackson, dear to God, 

Lies beneath the battle sod, 

Dark and cold '.' 
What though Stewart in earth is laid ; 

He who won in rapid raid 
Spurs of gold'.' 

Longstreet in his anguish lies; 
Tears are making soldiers' eyes 

Strangely dim ; 
And we hold our breath and say, 
"Does Death's angel come this way, 

SeekiiiL' him ? " 

For the Lord of Hosts, who gave 
These great men our land lo gave, 

Knoueth best. 
We to the last man shall light, 
Doing battle for the right — 

His the rest. 

On, then, ( rrani ; we sec the gray, 
Kill your myriads that ye may 

Crush the free! 
But 'here are great deeds to do, 
Ere your mercenary crew 

Passes Lee. 

-Mortimer t 'ollins. 

Headquabtkbs Stewabt's Coin-.. Tupelo, Mis-., 
January 19, 1865. I now resume my story, and will 
give you some account of our doings in front of Nash- 
ville. We left Franklin on the second day after the 
tight and moved on toward Nashville, our army in 
mourning. When we got to .lohn Overton's place I 
saw some ladies by the roadside in high excitement. 
and on riding up found them to be Mary Bradford, 
Miss Maxwell. Miss May. Misses Becky Allison, Mary 
lladley and Buck Coney. Mary lladley was married 
to Maj. Clare, of the Staff of Gen. Hood, and was left 
behind after her three days' honeymoon. Our corps 
then moved across to the Granny White Pike, through 
Mr. Lea's [dace, and went to Mrs. Johns' house and es- 
tablished headquarters there. Our first line was from 
the Franklin Pike, near Mr. Vaulx's, along the ridge 
in front of father's, by Montgomery's house (burned 
some time ago), across to the Hillsboro Pike, near Mr. 
Rains'. This corps on the left, Lee in center, and 
Cheatham on the right, extending over toward and 
near to the Murfreeshoro pike. We remained thus for 
two days, entrenching and building redoubts on our 
left. The yanks were in line, plain in view along the 
high ridge just back of Mr. Lawrence's and in front of 
Mrs. Acklin's. 

There was a force under Rousseau holding Murfrees- 
horo which Gen. Hood was anxious to capture. He 
detached the most of Forrest's Cavalry and Bate's Di- 
vision to that work, hut they failed. Bate was then 
ordered back, leaving Forrest. Here we remained 
watching each other and entrenching as hard as we 
could until the morning of the 15th of December. 
On that morning about 9 o'clock it was reported to me 
that the enemy were advancing in heavy force on the 
Hillsboro pike and in front of Gen. Loring. Generals 
French and Walthall had their troops in bivouac along 
the east side of the Hillsboro Pike ready to move. I 
informed Gen. Stewart, who mounted and rode to the 
point, leaving me to keep my office open and send dis- 
patches. I had a signal station, and sent dispatches 
to Generals Hood, Lee and Cheatham, and received 
others. In a short time the tiring began and grew 
heavier as the enemy advanced. It was soon perceived 
that his main attack would be here, as his whole army 
appeared to he in our front. * * * They then 
stormed and took redoubt 5, our forces being entirely 
too small to keep them back. The reinforcements sent 
to us did not arrive in time. Walthall's troops, sta- 
tioned along the pike in front of these works, were 
then driven in ami the enemy were in the rear of Gen. 
Loring, which, of course, compelled him to fall back, 
as did the whole of our line, until dark. 1 remained 
in my office until the yankees advanced to within 
three hundred yards. I then mounted and made my 
escape through the back yard with my clerks and 
joined Gen. Stewart in front of Mr. Plater's, where 
Gen. Sears lost his life very near me. * * * As 
our men fell back before the advancing yankees Mary 
Bradford ran out under heavy fire and did all she 
could to induce the men to stop and light, appealing 
to them and begging them, but in vain — Deas' brigade 



was here. Gen. Hood told me yesterday that he in- 
tended to mention her courageous conduct in his re- 
port, which will immortalize her. The men seemed 
utterly lethargic and without interest in the battle. I 
never witnessed such want of enthusiasm, and began 
to fear for to-morrow, hoping that Gen. Hood would 
retreat during the night, cross Duck River, and then 
stop and fight; but lie would not give it up. How- 
ever, he sent all his wagons to Franklin, which pre- 
pared the men still more for the stampede of the next 
day. * * * The enemy adapted their line to ours, 
and about 9 a. m. began the attack on Cheatham, try- 
ing all day to turn him and get in bis rear. They suc- 
ceeded about 2 or 3 p. m. in gaining the pike behind 
the gap, and in crossing got in the rear of Gen. Stew- 
art's headquarters, which were on the Bide of the knob 

looking toward Nashville. We could see the whole 

line in our front every move, advance, attack and 
retreat. It was magnificent. What a grand Bight it 
was! I could see the < apitol all day. and the chun hee 
The yanks had three lines of battle everywhere I could 
sec. and parks of artillery playing upon us and rain- 
ing shot and shell for eight mortal hours. 1 could Bee 
nearly every piece in our front, even the gunners at 
work. They made several heavy assaults upon Gen. 
Lee's line near John Thompson's, and one in front of 
Mrs. Mullins". At length, having trained oui 
about 4 P. M. they made a vigorous assault upon the 
whole line right and left. Bate gave way. am) they 
poured over in clouds behind Walthall, which, of 
course, forced him to give w a v. and then by brigades 
the whole line from left to right, held on bravely 
awhile longer than the center and left. 

Here was a Bcene which I shall not attempt to de- 
scribe, for it is impossible to give you any idea of an 
army frightened and routed. Sonic brave effort was 
made to rally the men and make a stand, but all control 
over them was gone, and they flatly refused to stop, 
throwing down their guns and, indeed, every thing 
that impeded their flight, and every man tied for him- 

Reynolds' Brigade was ordered to go to the right 
just before the rout began, and got to where 1 was 
when 1 halted it and got the General to form it in 
line across the point of the knob just in the path of 
the Hying mass, hoping to rally some men on this and 
save the rest by gaining time tor all to come out of the 
valley. Not ■ < man would stop.' The First Tennessi i 
came by, and its Colonel, House, was the only man 
who would stop with us, and finding none of his men 
willing to stand, he, too. went on his way. As soon 
as I found all was lost, ami the enemy closing in 
around us, 1 sent a courier to Gen. Stewart, who had 
gone to Gen. Hood's headquarters in the rear of Lea's 
house, to inform him of the fact, that he might save 
himself. This courier was mortally wounded, and left 
at Franklin. Finding the enemy closing in around 
us. ami all indeed gone, 1 ordered the couriers and 
clerks who were there to follow me, and we rode as 
fast as we could to where 1 thought Gen. Stewart and 
Gen. Hood were. They were gone, ami in their plai es 
were the yankees. 1 turned my horse's head toward 
the steep knobs and spurred away. It was the only 
chance o( escape left. The first place I struck the 
hill was too steep for any horse to climb, and 1 skirted 
along the hills hoping to find some place easier of as- 
cent, hut none seemed to exist. Finally 1 reached a 
place not bo step, and in the midst of thousands of 

retreating soldiers 1 turned my horse's head for the 
i-i cut. resolved to try it. The bullets began to come 
thick and last. Now. I found my saddle nearly off, 
and was forced to get down, but on 1 went on foot. 
All along the poor, frightened fellows were crying out 
to me, "Let me hold on to your stirrup, for God's 
sake." "Give me your hand and help me, if you 
please." Some were wounded, and many exhausted 
from anxiety and over-exertion. On 1 struggled until 
I. too. became exhausted and unable to move. By 
tin- time the enemy had gotten to ihe toot of the hill 
and were tiring at US freely. What was 1 to do 
twisted my hand in my horse's mane and was borne 
to the top of the hill by the noble animal, more dead 
alive. 1 wa- safe, though, and so were my men. 
We descended the southern slope ami entered the deep 
valley, whose shade- were darkened by approaching 
night. The woods were tilled with our retreating men. 
1 joined the crowd and finally made my way to the 
Franklin Pike, where 1 found Gen. Stewart, who was 

much relieved, for I had been reported as certainly 
killed or captured. All night long we tied. The 
Harpcth wa- crossed and a few hours of rest allowed. 

when we started on lor Columbia, then Pulaski, and 
then Bainbridge, lour miles above Florence. Every 
mind was haunted by the apprehension that we did 
not have boats enough to make a bridge. On we 
marched, through ice and rain an.) snow, sleeping on 
the wet ground at night. Many thousand- were bare- 
footed, actually leaving the prints of blood upon the 
ground, as the enemy pressed u- in the icar. When 
• it the |dke at Pulaski we had an awful road, 
strewn with dead horses and mules, broken wagons, 
and worse than all. broken pontoons. We counted, 

as we passed them, one. two, three, to fifteen. 

Thus we toiled ..n. till Christmas day, cold, drizzly 
and muddy we camped on the bank ot Shoal (reek, 
and our cups formed line of battle to protect the rear 
and let all cross, if the bridge could be made Roddy 
bad captured the enemy's pontoon- at Pe, atur, and 

they were Boated down over the shoals. The bridge 

Was made and the crossing began. Then cane the 
tight with the gun-boats, which tried to destroy our 
bridge. They were driven back and wecrOSSed. "All 
i- well that ends well." Every wagon, every cannon, 
every horse, every mule, the hog-, beeves, cavalry, in- 
fantry, and finally every Bcout crossed over. The re- 
treat continued to this place, and here we are. daily 
expecting orders. There were many things in this 
memorable campaign never to be forgotten. I shall 
never forget the passage of Duck River — Washii 
rig the Delaware was insignificant. 

1 wish 1 could send you something, my darling, but 
von know 1 have no 'means. 1 do not despair, but 
hope to send you and the little fellows a lew things 
some of these days. 

General Hood has been relieve, 1 ami Taylor is in 
command. What next " 

Jno. W. Dyer. Sturgis. Ky.: Allow me to «•■ 
my appreciation of the not crumbs, but solid. Bquare 
meals of satisfaction I have enjoyed by reason ot' the 
Y i i i R w for the year past. May the good Ford pros- 
per the Veteran and those int< in it. We old 
Confederates only can know how dear the reminis- 
cences ami acts of fortitude, heroism and bravery 
recorded on its pages are to those who participated in 



JThe (Confederate U etc van. 

One Dollar a Year. S. A. CUNNINGHAM, Editor. 

Office at The American, Corner Church ami Cherry sis. 

This publication i^ the personal property <>f S. A. Cunningham, 
rsone who approve such publication, and realize i i ^ i,, 
as an organ tor associations throughout the South, are requested to 
commend lis patronage aud to co-operate In extending it. 


Tins issue of the Veteran contains two interesting 
papers. The one from Col. Charles Marshall aboul 
the surrender of General Lee will be perused with 
pathetic interest. His vivid and certainly accurate 
report may be embodied in the history of both sides. 
The chief of Staff to General Grant would hardly 
wish to pay finer tribute to him than Colonel Marshall 
has paid. An interesting bit of history already ac- 
'i pted by millions of people is changed so us to honor 

General Lee first c terning the horses. He ob- 

I to the surrender of them to the United States 
Government, explaining that they were the per- 
sonal property of his soldiers. It was then thai Gen- 
eral Grant is supposed to have said. "The hoys will 
need their horses to make a crop." < Irant's deference 
i" I reneral Lee in explaining that he was not willing 
to keep him waiting while he could have sent for his 
sword was worthy the spirit of a great man. The 
Southern people are gratified that Colonel Marshall is 
so honored a living witness to that historic event. 

It is a more courageous thing to print the letter of 
Colonel ( lale than has often come to the Veteran. In 
it the Confederate soldiers engaged under Hood, from 
perhaps every Southern State, an- reported as running 
from the enemy and being utterly stampeded. It is 
the truth, but they can stand the reputation. Aye, 
they had established enough of courage, endurance 
and undying glory. The Federal army at both places 
realized their incomparable advantages, and it ani- 
mated their cowards even to press on to the front. 
It was time for every fellow to redeem his reputation. 

The situation of the army in front of Nashville was 
extraordinary. We were on a range of hills near the 
Granny White pike, and so situated that for more 
than a mile to our extreme left the overwhelming 
forces of the enemy could be seen pressing our flank 
in so that each private soldier could see for himself 

that (Hir only avenue for retreat would soon be cut oil'. 

The Federal army overwhelmed us. My personal ex- 
perience is as vivid as anything in life. ( )ur line was 
broken only a few yards to my right, and the prospect 
of getting out was so hopeless that my immediate 
companions refused to undertake to retreat, ami re- 
mained there to surrender. I had gone about an 
hundred yards, when 1 stopped and, turning upon a 
handsome young Federal, was about to fire upon him 
and stopped, with the sentiment that he was ton brave 
to he killed, and just then he "pulled down" on one 

of our fellows, when with quick, careful aim I tired 
once more for ray home and native land. 

That awful, awful day! Hood's army was crushed 
at Franklin, and his soldiers, in going on ami on. Buf- 
fering all that is possible, did it almost without hope; 
but they would have died a thousand deaths rather 
than be untrue. No apologies are offered for the rout 
from before Nashville. No braver and truer men ever 
existed, ami the remnant yet alive care not for the 
record of thai day. They realize that man is not om- 


A lady writes that she has an article in her scrap 
book that she will send to the Y ETERAN if wanted, and 
if not she will send it to " the other publication." 

Rivalry in journalism begets ill feeling, and the 
general conclusion is that the controversies come of 
business encroachments. If the Veteran has ever 
lost a dollar or a cent because of that " other publica- 
tion " I do not know it. But its relation to the South- 
ern people, who arc not only zealous but enthusiastic 
for it, imposes a duty that will be performed regardless 
of consequence-. 

The use of the word "Confederate" in a periodical 
publication should engage an active interest by every 
man and woman to whom it is sacred. The Confed- 
erate Veteran was started specifically to give the 
public knowledge of moneys received by me as agent 
t'orthe Davis Monument. My appointment to that 
important position was made by the Executive Com- 
mittee of the Southern Press Association, and I 
assumed use of the name because I was a Confederate 
soldier, and every instinct of my nature was of defer- 
ence and honor to the spirit embodied in it. 

To the thousands of noble men and women in every 
Southern State, who have been so zealous for the VET- 
ERAN, 1 appeal concerning a principle that is of con- 
cern to us all. Soon after the popularity of the VET- 
ERAN was established a combination was formed 
whereby the word <: Confederate " was to be prefixed 
to a monthly half this size for republishing some 
blood and thunder pictures gotten out in New York 
during the war. It was started in deceit and falsehood, 
and has been so continued. To emphasize the situa- 
tion, I will write of my own record and then repeat 
what has been already published of the others who ask 
Confederates for pat ronage, 

1 am a. native Tennessean, was a volunteer soldier 
in the Forty-first Tennessee Infantry. I did my 
whole duty. I don't remember an engagement with 
tin' enemy in which any soldier or officer went farther 
than I did, except at Franklin, where a few got over 
the last entrenchment, but 1 did more effective light- 
ing from the t mbankment. In the battle of .lonesboro, 
where we faced two lines of infantry behind breast- 



works, one above the other, on a hill in the woods, the 
most awful firing of small arms that I ever heard, I 
had advanced beyond :ill my fellows, not realizing 
that they had fallen hack. On seeing that I was 
within about seventy yards of a thousand men. each of 
whom could have killed me in a twinkling, 1 saw near 
me Lieut. W. s. Bearden, commander of his company, 
standing by a small tree, the Mood pouring from a 
hole in his trousers above the knee. I assisted in his 
support to the rear, and went in again, leaving otl 
to care for him, [ He is :i true man in every sense, and 
at present an able Chancellor in Middle Tennes 
An elaborate official report kindly sent me recently 
by Dr. S. II. Stout, Medical Examiner of the West 
Army, begins with the killing in that battle of my 
Lieutenant. Hardy Jones, and the wounding of Lieu- 
tenant Bearden.] I never held a commission, but was 
Corporal, First Sergeant, and served as ; til Major 

of my regiment Once 1 was ordered to wear a sword 
and take eomn mid of two companies in an important 
task. There was no hoy soldier in the command bet- 
ter known, perhaps, and to thi B( ?i ie rans 1 submit for 
testimony. Because I was"so small, and a good sol- 
dier," by special favor of my Colonel, J. D.Tillman, 
now a hanker and lawyer at Fayettex ille. Tenn,. I was 
permitted to carry a short Enfield rifle. However, it 

was an effective gun— it was submerged in hi 1 at 

Franklin. I was faithful through the war, and if I 
ever fail murder me, cover me in a ditch and mark 
not the spot. Now for the Frank Leslie: 

A. Confederate Lieutenant Colonel was so unpopu- 
lar that he was not I'e-ele. ted. hilt left out to gO ill 

the ranks because of his , who through political 

favoritism secured an appointment as Brigadier < 
eral, and was put in command of brave men. Theii 
testimony is that he left them under fire, never to be 
seen again except on Post duty at the rear. Continued 
preferment from a political source secured to this man 
a position in the War Records office at Washington. 
This position enabled him to control in a great m< 
nre publications there that would have placed him in 
a had light, and so there was good reason for securing 
to him this position, Authors and witness) - of tin-. 
reports are yet living, and will bear testimony at any 
time. Think Ol the insolence to the Southern people 

of this man engaging with the Frank Leslies to repro- 
duce their filthy, falsifying pictures under the name 
" Confederate," and engaging a trusted Republican, 
who removed from the North to Kentucky, so as to 
locate it at "Lexington. Ky.," as well as New York. 
That feature takes SO well that they recently trans- 
posed publication offices, and put Lexington. Ken- 
tucky first. 

The enterprising LaBree, who is to publish that 
wonderful hook, " The ( lonfederate Soldier in the Civil 
War," and claims to be "the most capable person liv- 

ing for that work." advertises himself in that circular 
as the editor i I onfederate"(?) war journal. 

Now . comrade-, brothers, 1 call upon you to do your 

duty. Help me to expose this falsity and hypocrisy. 
Your adoption of tic VETERAN as your organ was 
good; hut ought you not to formally repudiate that 
New York sheet with a Kentucky imprint '.' Some of 
you are negligent, and your newspapers publish 
long advertisements of that falsifying thing. Even 
the ' i/, the editor of which I know is my 
friend, has, on tw asions, in its local department, 

w hen asked questions about w here the CONFEDERATE 

Veteran is published, replied, at Lexington, Ky. 

I his is the last notice referred 

< ' wen, \. 1 1. i , n called the CoNl i i 

Where is it publial T. \\ 

We understand thai there is such a paper pul 


These things come from harmful lack i 

I ■ I ■■■■ ery ( lamp of Confi tat an Historial 

Committee look- into this matter, ami it I represent 

corn ■ that the vile si Vou 

take my statenn lit lOtiveS, I know. 

but if you suspect mistake by me, interrogate rigidly, 
and 1 will n : all 

of this infamy to be exposed by me. If 

faithful comrade, who marched and fought 
and suffered with you while these old war plates w 
being made— which should be thrown into Vesuvius 
should be sustained, Bay so. < otherwise declare against 
it. I beg you, comrades, to give this attentioi 
you go to Birmingham, Cany or -end such commen- 
dations to that me. tine as you think you Ought. 
Months ago 1 told yon that certain prominent men 
would commend that sheet. That prophecy was ful- 
filled before the Veteran's expOsi in December. It 
came ol' desire for press favor- Such is natural, 
■l -ii ill know that I hive honored our Cont'd! 

-fully, although the Veteran ha- been the 
special channel for private soldiere' experiences but 
I d( 'la re now. that by tin memory of our dead, sacred 
only second to the memory of the world's Savior, that 
1 shall defer to no man's rank, now or In , in 

the performance of duty. If you believe in tin \ 

\ goto Birmingham prepared to speak for it. If 
you doni go believe, repudiate it. < >f one thing 
assured, I shall not swerve from my duty to my people 
foi money nor from peril. For the indorsement of so 

-amis I bow in meekness, and will pi 
with vigor on in their service as lam capable of know- 
ing my duty. I f these fellows will tell the truth about 
themselves and what they are doing, the Veteran will 

let them alone. This slimy scheme to make money, 
if successful, would be a disgrace to our people. 
If you patronize that thing you force the Y i 
into comparison with not only what is worse than de- 
sertion, but with a crowd chuckling over the gulli- 
bility of our people. Take up the Blue and Gray if 

you will, take the Bu i: by itself, a thousand times 
rather than contribute to that which is an insult to 
every holy memory. 




Joshua W. Caldwell, in the Arena, furnishes some 
remarkable statistics. Extracts from his article: 

The war ended twenty-eight years ago, but it is still 
the habit of the North to think of the people of the 
States which attempted to secede as enemies of the 
Qnion and of the Constitution. * * * It is one of 
the hopeful signs of the times that throughout the 
South there is a positive and growing interest in his- 
torical research. * The founders of Virginia 
and of the other Southern colonies were average nun 
and women of the seventeenth and eighteenth centu- 
ries, and had their Cull share of the vices and their full 
share of the virtues of the times. * * 

of all the British colonies Virginia was the most 
English. In blood the Virginians were not more En- 
glish than the Puritans, but they held to the English 
forms and methods, social, political, and religious, 
whereas the New Knglanders attempted to set up a 
theocracy which should realize the ideals of the Puri- 
tans of old England and of the Covenanters of Scot- 
land. In Virginia institutions were as English as the 
people. * * * 

Maseai husetts and Virginia appear to have been es- 
sentially unlike, hut in reality a likeness was essential. 
Their people were of the same race, and had the same 
conception of liberty and the same love of liberty. 
In the end they two were to lead all the other colonies 
to the establishment of their common principles. * * 
Massachusetts was turbulent, Virginia placid; but 
when the time came Virginia was as quick as her 
Northern sister to declare for freedom. When Massa- 
chusetts defied England it was George Washington, of 
Virginia, who declared that to aid her he was ready to 
raise and subsist a regiment at his own expense. If 
Massachusetts gave Otis, Hancock, Adams, to the good 
cause, Virginia gave Randolph, Marshall, Madison, 
Jefferson and Washington. Thus it appears that Vir- 
ginia, the typical and dominant Southern colony, bore, 
in the struggle for independence, a part no less trying, 
no less important, no less honorable, than Massachu- 
setts. As Virginia had been the richest and most in- 
fluential of the Southern colonies, she became the con- 
trolling Southern State. Indeed, for a time she led all 
the States of the ("nion, but gradually the larger North- 
ern States outgrew her in population and in wealth. 

* # :|: * * * * * * 

The Puritan influences of New England and the 
Dutch influences of New York never reached the Car- 
olinas nor Georgia, but overall of them the Virginia 
influence was supreme. Socially, politically, and re- 
ligiously the Southern colonies were of the same type; 
and it was mainly, almost exclusively, Virginia and the 
Virginians that shaped their institutions and deter- 
mined the character and quality of their civilization. 

The Anglo-Saxon supremacy in the South has never 
been overcome. So far as other white races are con- 
cerned, it has never been threatened. The white pop- 
ulation has always been American and homogeneous. 

¥ % % sf* -£ •['■ A : -fc # 

New York is more Jewish than Jerusalem ever was; 
more German, probably, than any city except Berlin: 
more Irish than any except Dublin ; more Italian than 
any except Naples. Chicago is American only in ge- 
ography and politics. Of the fifteen million descend- 

ant- of the Puritans, Boston retains very few; and 
New England has been so overrun by French Canadi- 
ans that recently it is reported that some of them had, 
in an outburst of Gallic enthusiasm, proposed the es- 
tablishment of a new Latin republic, with Boston as 
n- capital. But statistics are more convincing than 
general statements. In order to show how thoroughly 
American the population of the Southern States is, I 
present the following statistics, taken fresh from our 
new census. I confine my attention to the white pop- 
ulation and omit the odd hundreds. 

According to the census of L890 there were for every 
100,000 native born Americans 17,330 foreign born. 
The State .if New York has 4,400,000 native and 1,600,- 
000 foreign bom citizens, being 35,000 foreign for every 
100,000 native. In Illinois for each 100,000 native 
born citizens there are 28.2oi i foreign born; in Michi- 
gan, 35,000; in Wisconsin, 44,400; in Minnesota, 56,- 
600; in Montana. 18,400; in North Dakota, 80,400. 

When we turn to the Southern State- the contrast 
is impressive. The white population of Tennessee is 
1,336,000, and of this number 20,029 are foreign born; 
that is to say, for each 100,000 native born whites 
there are 1,500 foreign born. North Carolina is the 
most American of all the States, having a native born 
white population of 1,055,000, and foreign born of 
3,702, or for each 100.000 native born 370 foreign born. 
In the other Southern States the figures are as follows : 

Native. Foreign. 

Alabama 833,000 15,000 

Arkansas 818,000 14 0(10 

Florida 225,000 22,000 

Georgia 078 000 12,000 

Kentucky 1,000,000 50,000 

Mississippi 545,000 8,(100 

Louisiana 558,000 40,000 

South Carolina 462,000 6,000 

Texas 1,700,000 152,000 

Virginia 1,000,000 18,000 

West Virginia 730,000 1 8.000 

The total foreign born white population of the South 
is about 380,000. 

Massachusetts alone has a foreign born population 
of 657,000; New Jersey. 32H.O0O, or nearly as many as 
the whole South; New York, nearly 1,(>(H),000, or four 
times as many as the South; Pennsylvania. ,845,000; 
Ohio, 459.000, or more than the entire South ; Illinois. 
sl-2,000; Michigan and Wisconsin, each over 500.000; 
Minnesota, nearly 500,000; and California, 366,000. 

If we omit Kentucky, Louisiana and Texas, the lit- 
tle State of Connecticut has (iO,0(IO more foreigners 
than all the remainder of the South; and wee Rhode 
Island, as large as an average county, has within 14,1 100 
as many foreigners as the entire South, omitting the 
three Stales named. * * * 

The proportion of adult men among immigrants is 
much larger than in settled societies. For instance, 
of the 1,571,000 foreign horn citizens of New York, 
1,084,000 are voters I that is, of voting age), while of 
4,000,000 native born citizens only 1,769,000 are voters. 
In percentages the foreign born vote of New York is 
38.73; Illinois, 36.39; Michigan, 10.22; Wisconsin. 
52.93; Minnesota, 58.55 ; North Dakota, 64.89; Nevada, 
51 II : California. 50.21. 

These are foreign countries, and it is a positive re- 
lief to turn to the South and feel that there are still 
some Americans left. The percentage of foreign born 
voters in some of the Southern States is as follows: 

Tennessee, 3 percent; Kentucky. 7: Alabama, 2.50; 
Mississippi, 2; Louisiana, 10; Texas, 14; Arkansas, 3; 



Virginia, 3; West Virginia, 5 : North Carolina. 0.61] 
South Carolina, 2; Florida, 11: Georgia, -. I have 
used the word "voters" to describe the class of immi- 
grants last referred to. It is not a fact, however, thai 
they all are voters: more than a million of them .ire 
aliens, and thirty two per cent of these foreign Amer- 
icans cannot speak the English language. 

A comparison of census reports for I860, 3 v 7< '. 1880, 
and 1890 shows that in none of the Southern States 
except Kentucky, with the large city of Louisville. 
Louisiana, with the large city of New Orleans, and 
Texas, lying upon the Mexican frontier has there 
been any increase of foreign population since I860. 
We know that there was oone before that time 'lie 
white people of the South arc almost exclusively the 
descendants of the Americans of 177"'. Upon the 
other hand, it is safe to say that of the males of VOtil 
age in the Northern and Northwestern States, not lees 
than fifty per cent are foreign born, or the sons of for- 
eign born parents. 

The white people of the Smith are nut only Ameri- 
can, they are. in the main, the descendants <>f a race 
which from the days of Tacitus has been known in 
the world's history as the exemplar and champion of 
persona] purity, personal independence, and political 
liberty. For them no life but one of freedom is possi- 
ble, and can never believe that the hybrid population 
of Russians, Poles. Italians, Hungarians, which tills mi 
many Northern cities and States, has the same love 

for our country, the same love of liberty, as have tie 

Anglo-Saxon Southerners, whose fathers have always 
been free. The strongest, most concentrated force of 

Americanism is in the South, and Americanism is tie 

highest form of Anglo-Saxon civilization. There is no 
part of the globe, except the kingdom of England, 
which is so thoroughly Anglo-Saxon as the South. 

But it will lie said, admitting that the South is 
American, and has preserved the Anglo-Saxon trait-, 
nevertheless a war was necessary to keep her in the 
Union. To this matter my own inclinations, no 1 
than limitations of space, require me to refer very 

The excellence of the American Union is in the 
principles upon which it is established — that is to say. 
in the Constitution. Surely no man will say that it 
is more important to preserve the physical integrity 
of the Union than the principles of the Constitution. 
We claim for the South, in the war between the states. 
absolute good faith. Whether she was right or wrong, 
the impartial judgment of the future will fairly deter- 
mine. I affirm that the South has been, from the first, 
absolutely faithful to the principles of the Constitu- 
tion, as she in good faith construed it. Let me indi- 
cate briefly the extent of her participation in the form- 
ation of the Constitution and the establishment of the 
Republic. It is correctly said by a Southern states- 
man that the Constitution was "adopted and promul- 
gated by a convention in which Southern influences 
predominated." The heading of one of Bancroft's 
chapters is, " Virginia Statesmen Lead Toward a Let- 
ter Union." 

Virginia did lead the movement for the establish- 
ment of the Constitution, and the reader who wishes 
to know the extent of the influence of George Wash- 
ington, of Virginia, in this movement, is referred to 
the pages of John Kiskc. of New England. Rutledge 
and Pinckney, of South Carolina, were the most im- 
portant contributors to the form, a- to the substance, 

of the Constitution, with theexception of -lames Mad- 
ison, of Virginia, who justly hears the name of " Father 
of the Constitution."' The Bill of Rights is mainly 
the work of Thomas Jefferson. 

Luring the first century of our national life South- 
ern statesmen held the Presidency and shaped the 
policy of the Government. They acquired Florida. 
and extended our domain to the Rio Grande and to 
the Pacific. The Constitution was first construed by 
John Marshall, of Virginia. The school of strict con- 
structionists, « hich made a fetich of the Constitution, 
was founded ami supported by Southern men. When 
the Southern Confederacy was formed it adopted as 
ganic law the old « Constitution, unchanged in any 
essential resp< 1 t 

There ia no fact nor logic which can prove that the 
South ever deviated from her fealty to the Constitu- 
tion, or ever shed a drop of blood except in defei 
its principles as she 1 ocstrued it. 

Tic w .11 construed the Constitution, and the South 
has in good faith and unreservedly accepted every le- 
gitimate rcMi't of thi war. No man who is le 
and who js adequately informed will say thai her peo- 
ple are not absolutely loyal to the Union and the Con- 
stitution. I go further, and affirm thai in the troubles 
which the future is Bure to bring, the principles and 
the institutions of American liberty will rind their 
mosi loyal and steadfast support in the twelve millions 
of Southern Anglo-Saxon Americans. 


l:\ \ B. I t\. SPRINGFIELD, HO. 

It was on Sunday, May 3, 1863, while Lee at Chan- 
cellorsville was hurling his heroic and victorious bat- 
talions against the dense masses "f Hooker, that 
wick, with the deign of falling upon Lee*s rear, 
crossed the Rappahannock at Fredericksburg with his 
magnificent Sixth Corps, 20,000 strong, and marched 
hurriedly along the Fredericksburg and Orange Court 
House plank road, following the retreating brigade of 
Alabamians, under command of • Gen. C. M. Wilcox, 
who had attended the military school at West Point 
with General Sedgewick. 

Wilcox's brigade numbered leSE than 3,000 effi 
men. while his antagonist wa*fe the flower of all the 
corps embracing the Federal Army of the Potomac. 
numbering not less than 20,000. Against this ho-t ot 
veterans it would seem worse than folly to make any 
show of resistance, but the glorious Wilcox had un- 
bounded faith in the heroism and courage of his oft- 
tried Alabamians. and relying upon their unfaltering 
devotion and determination to conquer or die in tip- 
holding the righteous cause they had espoused, halted 
his small command at Salem Church, a large brick 
edifice, about four miles west of Fredericksburg, on 
the south side of the plank road. Just west some 
thirty yard- from tin- church was drawn up in line of 
battle the Tenth Alabama, supported by the Eighth a 
few paces to the rear of the Tenth, their left resting 
near the mad. Immediately across the road lay the 
Eleventh, my own company in it, near the road, and 
to the left or north lay the Ninth and Fourteenth 
Regiments. The ground in front of the Tenth was 
clear of underbrush. A grove of oak timber sur- 
rounded the church, in which had been posted a Bmall 



squad of sharpshooters, who did irreat execution in 
the battle which followed. 

This was the Spartan hand of bronzed braves which 
was tosave the rear of Lee's victorious legions from 
an attack by an army nearly as large as thai with 
which he was driving back the shattered hosts of 
Hooker, and nobly did they do their duty. 

In fronl of my nun regiment was a thin brush fence 
about waist high ; outside of that was a skirt of tim- 
ber — iak, gum, etc.- -with some undergrowth. While 
we thus lay, waiting and watching, about t o'clock p 

m. a magnificent scene burst up »ur view in the 

open Held beyond the skirt of timber in our front. 
Fhe -round in our fronl sloped gently from us. and' 
up tins irentle slope approached the dense columns of 
blue with steady tread, with banners fluttering and 
nmg stee] glimmering in the sunlight. Three 

columns deep this array pressed u] the -mail Land 

ot he,-,,,- before them, little dreaming that in a few 
•"•" ; moments they would be hurled hack with fearful 
havoc to then- shelter beyond the Rappahannock. 

General .Wilcox had ordered us to withhold our fire 
until we could look into the eves of our enemy, which 
order was literally obeyed. The first assaulting line 
approached fc within twenty paces, when we rose and 
poured a deadly hailstorm of lead into it. which was 
-o destructive that our fire was not returned, and that 
first column disappeared. The second column ad- 
vanced with unbroken front, and met the fate ol' the 
first; and s,, the third, and as we poured our minies 
into the serried ranks our line bounded forward and 
swept the entire Federal corps from the field, killing 
wounding and capturing thousands. 

That nighl Sedgewick recrossed the river in the 
darkness. The magnificent fighting of this little brig- 
ade and good generalship of Wilcox saved Lee fro in 
a rear attack and enabled him to inflict a terrible de- 
feat upon Hooker, with his large army. It is strange 
that so little attention has been given to this impor- 
tant battle by historian-. 

I now come to a touching incident in this battle: 
As the last assaulting column of blue approached, 
Capt. John P.. Rains, commander of our company | A i, 
was patting me on the shoulder and repeatedly saying' 
as I loaded my Springfield rifle as rapidly as possible! 
"Give 'em h . Xeclham ; give 'em h— — !" , Need- 
ham is my first name.. Suddenly an officer, mounted 
on a line, swift horse, aame at a racing run along the 
plank road from theyankee lines, and it seemed that 
I was the first one to notice him. and I called to the 
boys to •■shoot the man on the horse," at the same 
time liring obliquely toward him. The gallant fellow 
reeled am I fell a corpse on the hard plank of the road. 
H" borse turned and ran to the rear. After the bat- 
tle was over, and we returned to the bloody ground 

where we made the stand. Captain Rains, I and 
others went to where the dead officer lav, whom Cap- 
tain Kains recognized as a schoolmate 'of his at the 
Philadelphia Law School. The gallant Captain burst 
mi" tears over the fate of his old-time friend, lie 
was i olonelofa Pennsylvania regiment, but I have 
forgotten his name. Several of the boys fired al the 
Same time. -,, none of us knew who sent the fatal ball 
and I am glad of it. 

Gen. John C. Underwood, Chicago: 1 am glad t<> 

learn that you have increased t he subscription price 
of your valuable paper to 81 per annum, and herewith 
inclose to you my check. 


>B Gordon, General Commanding Ulanta on 

Hal Gen Geo Moorman, id l and Chtel ol Bt^NewOrleans La. 


M ; ,'/ " ! •■;' P I ■'• rguspn, Commai r Moi.Utomerv 

SS^EE ne'rit™* ' 8 *" - " S! 

Jno M McKleroj . Brigs 


Aim, i PO 


' A MI '- NO. ,,i i n 

Cap! \v \ Handle; 851. \i v Mniiins. n a limn 

CampMlller S85...W II McCordl AstrSS 

1 ■ Martin, E T Clark 

Alexandria .Alexandria 
Alexander! Its Lee 

Andalusia . , 

101 R M Thomas, A a smith 

Harper 266 j,„,. p. Thomas, I. M.Robln- 

AnniM " n Peluam 258 John ll ia\ r, McKleroy 1 w. h. 

••••Henry p. Clayton ...827. A S^s/ockdaJe. 1 
. si. i talr. 


Alliens -I'll, is I. Hobba 

Auburn lubui a | , i ••- 1 1 
08 John w. [nger,Jas. D. Truss 

Birmingham . 

la i-i-ip.,1 1 

' . mden 

Carrollton .... 
Coal burs 
Dade^ 111, 

I iessemer..., 
w .1 Hardee 

JO W'l ! 

.Franklin K. Beck...224 
Camp Pick, a 

. .HHI 



O. D. Smith, James II. Lane 
w. B, Jones, N. ll. Sewall 
l; i: Jones, P K McMlller 
'• ll Johnson, I:. A. Junes 
K. Qalllard, J. P. Poster 
M. L. Stansel, I'.. Upchurch 

r v '"" 89 JnoS Powi i-. .1 \. Kiia.n 

Frank Cheatham ,. 134 .1 n Brock, Jas W Bai 

■a 3 w i Mcintosh, Win. I.. Havre 
359 W !■ Howell, TJ Hurl, ,n 

" j Oeo. ii- 1 p. h. Mil 

138 l'l> Bowles, 

298 a. M. O'Neal, J, VI. Crow 
.203.. J N i ia \ i, K,, I,, .\ P McCartney 
.275 -Ins. \ i u ■ m, Jos. It. Hug 

1 rawf-Kimbal 

Bdwardsvllle ..Camp Wiggonton 

Eutaw Banders.. 

Evergreen Capl Wm Lee 

Florence E. A, I I'Neal 

Perl I ij in , w \ i Bti s 

Gadsden Emma Sanson'. 

■ ville i- ii ii r, i n no 

asboro \ lien i '. Jones 

1 Ireenvilie Bam'l I. Adams 

Uuin Ex r, di rati 

Guntersville Mont. Gilbreath... 

..Mao, ,n i oiini \ 


..Egbert .1 Jones . 
Col. .las. B. Martin 

.A. A. Greene 

' tamp Sumter 
Low'rPeachtree.R II G Gaines 
Lowndesboro ...T J Bullock 

Marlon I w Barren '.'."" 

Madison sta \ a Russell 

Mobile Raphael Bern s. 

Mnnroevil rge w Poster 

Mutitsuniery I.mnax 

Gpellka I County. 

Oxford Camp Lee 

8? arh Ozark 

Piedmont Camp Stewart 

ivain's Min Robert i: Lee 
Roanoke. \ikcii-sniii h 


Hmitsvilh- .... 



Livings ti 

Robinson Spr 





4II...BF Wood, G W K Bell 
206 a. M. Avery, E. T. Pasti 
d Crenshaw, F E Dey 
. w N Halsey 

R TC s..i i, Burke 

346 A .1 Hamilton, .1 F Hamilton 
383 Man K Malian, T .1 Simpson 
3o7 Geo. P. Turner, \V M Ersklne 
..292.. .1. II. i laldwell, I.. W. Grant 
310 .1. J., Geo. 11. Hliiek 

.. ■'■'■ ;- i: i bapman, 

370 .nil i',, nis. n .i McConnell 

...'(.'11. ...I I. Hlnson, CD W'l, an 

. 2, 7. ...I Cal Moore, Thomas Hudson 

108 w T Garner, Robl E Wl 
.. ii Ti,,,s t Roche, arm E Mlckle 
w W McMillan, l> I. N. \ tile 
,.151...Emmetl Lionels, .1 ll HIgglns 
all R Mi Ireene, J, Q. Burton 
..:.'; i Thus ii Barry, John T Pearoa 

880 ..W R Painter. .1 I. Williams 
..378 -I N Hood, I. Ferguson 
.lini Fearce, F M Clark 
.W. A. Handley, B. M. McCon- 

I E Jones, \v n Whetstone 
,F. L. Smith, W. T. Johnson 
I II Voung, .1 P Harris 
R. II. Bellamy, I'. A. Greene 
'l'h, ,s p Whitby, Bdw PGalt 
A. W. Woodall, w J, Sprulell 
A J Thompson, J LSI rlckland 
\ T Hooks, J M Pelbam 
Ed Moi row, It B Cater 
W .1 Rhodes, 1 T Dye 
■ las N Callahan, Geo B Hail 

• James Deshler 818.. A. II. Keller, i. p. Guy 

' ■'""i' g°dcs 282 .AC Hargrove, A P Prince 

,'.'""i' Ruffln 820... W.D.Henderson, L.H.Bowles 

1 Calema 129... .CCCarr 

v ;:, ;;;"■' '■'""' ''-s'" m K - WeIls ■'■ A - Mitchell 

™, ,' , ,: CampONeal 858...J PYoung.TM W s 

W • I u .'•', ':'""." V ','"""> 265 .1. F. Manll. Hal T. Walker 

wedowee Randolph 816...C. C. Knlue. H. s. Pate 


Min ',,,, ii m Moore, Commander p or | Smith 

i!,' , m r'.",.Ti'iV. l, '" : ';" General and Cblei ofStaflf Van Bun ., 

jno m Hai i, ii. Brigadier General 
J M Bobart, Brigadier < leneral 


A-lma Cabell 

Benton David 0. Dmld ., 

Bentonvllle lamp Cabell 

Boonevllle Camp Evans 

1 ei iv Polnl Haller. 

1 iharleBton Pal I He -m- 

Conway i,n Davis 

Hayettevllle w. n. Brooks 

Fori Smith 11,-n t DuVal 

..Tom McKelthen .. 

.Henry w. i ,,\ 
N ii Forresl 
..lames F. Wadil, II 
Catesby R Jones.. 
Springs ill.- . S|,nii„\ ilk 

sln,ll 'l Camp McLeroy 

si. Stephens ■ • ■ i ■ ■ ■ James 

Summerfleld I tol. G»rr< it 

Tbomasi ill,- . 

I'llsruiii 1,1a.. 


I IliulltuWI 


896 . 

I ;n 

.. Charles M.Shelley! 246 

l.eaii,],-i Mrr'arlam]. .117:1.. 

Hut Springs 

Benton villi 





■ ii !• n his. 

■ lames E. Smith, .1. T. ,| s 

s ii Whltthorne, C E Sboe- 


N. s. Henry, A. J. Bate* 

■ ■ w Evans, i> i: Castleberry 

I lulip 

-192 .1. M. Somervell.J. C. Ansley 

..191... A s Cabell, 

..213.. .A. P. Wilt, W. D. (' 

• -in. /r. m. Gum, r, i. m. Patridge 

M8...M M Gorman, Col R M Fry 

"''. x , ' aj Co. V. Ass'n... ::;.', . .1 R Hodee 

|'| , ., , 'u,T;';",V J;'"' M "- Oh. 194... I ley .Milum.MsT,, 

gackettcitj Stonewall 198 LB Lake - — 

''j'sl :?;;;■- Vu'"? 1 ,;-., - (t: N - w - Stewart, John F.Sanor 

r,o, v " rl ' ',,'' 840...QenJno M Harrell, A Curl 

1 ',' " '.-";" stum-wall 199...L B Lake, A H Gordon 

LtttleBock Orner It Weaver 854 Wm PCampbell.J H Paschal 

>.isi.\ Hie j„e Neal 208...W K Cowling, EG Hale 

Newport Tom Hendman 818... , T. T. Ward 




Lieut. Gon. W. L. Cabell, Commander Trans-Missis- 
sippi Department, Dallas, Texas, Jan. 30, I s '- 1 1 : Com- 
rades — I greet you, my old comrades, with a heart full 
of love and affection. A kind Providence haa extended 
His sheltering wings over us another year, and our 
Association is still growing. The number of Camps 
in each state and Territory, not only in this Depart- 
ment, but throughout the South, is increasing, and 
our noble Association has nearly live hundred < amps. 
Our comrades are becoming more familiar with the 
workings of our Benevolent, Social and Historical 
Associat inn. 

Although several of our "Id comrades bavi 
the river, yet the death roll is not as great as we might 
have expected after twenty-eighl years. <>ur dead 
have been properly cared for, and the living Confed- 
erate veterans, incapacitated by sicknese or wounds 
from makings Living, have been provided with good 
houses, amply provided with raiment and food and 

shelter, where they can spend the evening of their 
lives in quiet and peace, as the honon - of the 

great States of Texas, Arkansas, Missouri and the Ter- 
ritories. Monuments to commemorate the heroism of 
the dead have been erected in a number of pla 
One at ( lakwood ( lemetery, Chicago, to the memory of 
6,000 Confederate soldiers buried there -soldiers true 

to their cause, who died ill prison tar from hone anil 

loved ones, and who preferred death to dishonor. It 
is a grand monument, over twent\ feet high, -ur- 
mounted with a statue eighl feet high of a Confeder- 
ate soldier — the worn warrior looking down on his 

6,000 sleeping comrades heroes from every Southern 
State — who 

■■ Loved their country with a love Eai brought." 
1 call your attention to the fact that every (amp. 
not only in the Trans-Mississippi Department, but in 

the Department of the Bast, has been called upon to 

COntributl a -mall amount to complete the payment 
of the monument, on which a small sum i- due. and 
to properly inclose and beautify the grounds. This 
monument is the work of our faithful and true com- 
rade, General Underwood, aided by the good citizens 
of Chicago. Not over $10 will be required of any 
Camp. It should be forwarded to Gen. J. C. Under- 
wood, Omaha Building, Chicago, 111. 

1 urge you. my old comrades, to press forward our 
good work. Organize new Camps, send on your an- 
nual dues and make every arrangement to lie fully 
represented at our great reunion, to 1m- held at Birming- 
ham, Ala. 

Let every Camp be represented by as large a delega- 
tion as possible, and let them he fully authorized to 
act for the (amp. When the Camp cannot attend, 
send a proxy, properly signed by the officers of the 
Camp, to some oihcr Camp or comrade. 

The Committee on Transportation, composed of 
good business men, Gen. S. 1'. Mendez, chairman, will 
secure reduced rates on all railroads leading to Bir- 
mingham. Local committees can communicate with 

Let us rouse up and -end from this Department 

mole Camps, more Confederate Veterans, a greater 
number of the son> and daughters of Confederate- to 
the unat reunion at Birmingham, April 25th and 26th, 
and to Chicago, April 28th and 2&th, than ever left 
this Department at any one time. 


P06TO] I CAMP. NO. hi l li BIS. 

Paris Hen McCulleOgb 888 .' Sadler, Wm Bnodd] 

Prairie Grove Prairie Or U „ . Win Mitchell 

Prescotl Waltei Bi -- -- WJ Blake, O 8 Jones 

Van Bnren John Wallace 200 Job II Allen, .1 K i 

Waldrnn sterling Price 414... L P Fuller. A M Puller 

Wooetei Joseph E Johns ton 181 w A. Milam, W J 81oan 


M.i Gen J J Dickteon, Commander. 

Robertson, Vi I General and Chief of Stall Brooksvllle 

W I 1 1 Ihlpley, Bi ! " rat P 

Wm Baya, Brtgadlet G Ocala 

Gen si Winter Park 


Hart, ivv Francis SB WHReyi Is, J \ Unilstead 

BrookvlUe WW 1 I Da van t, F. L. Robertson 

Chlpley. McMillan ITi B M Robinson, O W Cook 

. , v, tss'i si i ... \ ii ii:. \ esiea 

Kirl.v-Sin i .1. T. Blubbs, D. G McLeod 

Fernan.liic Nassai WM W. H Thompson, T \ Hall 

r. Ward i i v wi Zlmn BTurnei 

Jacksonville ,.H i Lei ■- Wm Baya, W Vi rucker 

Jacksonville Jeff Davis. 280 C. E. Merrill, C.J. Colcock 

Jasper Btewarl 166 U.J.Stewart. J. B. Banna 

Juno Patton 244...- , J F Hlghamltn 

LakeCllj Columbia Count] 150 W. R. Moore, W. M. Ives 

Marian oa. Hilton i : -' W 1' Barm s, 1 P 

MontlcellO Patton W. C. Bird, B. W. Partridge 

Ocala MarionCo.C. V. A 58 .Sam'l F Marshall, Wm Foi 

Orlando... W G Johnson, B M 11oMhroi> 

Palmetto.. Geo. T.Ward 58 3 C. Pelot, J. W. Nettles 

i Ward C. V. Aas'n 111 w 1 lnderson,.R J Jordan 

yninev D.L. Kenan. lin K. H. M. Davidson, D. M Mc- 

St. Augustine K.KIrby Smith 178 .1 V Enslow, Jr., 

Sanfor.l Gen Joe Flnnegan uw A. M. Thrasher, C. H. Lefler 

v i odd, D. 1.. South* 1oa 

Tallah _. I; \ Whitfield 

Tampa ... Hlllsboro I W Merrln, II. 1, i 

Tttusvllle .. Indian Rlvei \ 1' Cohen 

Dmatllla.. Laki Co.C. V. A 279 l ll Blake, 

i.i ORQl L 
Mali I lei 

. i West, Id atanl Q< LUanta 


Atlanta Fulton County "'•■' ' Edwards 

- rvh Vss'n 135 F EEvi I M st..\ all 

Carnesvllle Mlllgan Conf. Vel 118 J( McCarter, J M Phillips 

Polk Co. Con. Vets 108 .1 M Vrrington, J 8 Stubbs 
S M Beck, W II 

Covington i GDHeard.JW Anderson 

Daltoii Joseph B Johnston 84 v P Roberts, J. A. Slant 

Dawson I...J W I i...« n y. Wm Kaigler 

Harrisbure .Chattooga Vel ,LR Williams 

Jefferson .....Jackson County 140 Thos L Roes,T H Nlblocn 
l tGrangt ..Troup Co.Con.vets..405 J L Schaub.ET Winn 

Morgan I ilhout nVt t 108 P I Boyd, A .1 Muni 

Ringgold Ringgold 808 ..W .1 W nil-it I. H BTrlminler 

i , ,i , .. . ■. \ - | G Yelser, J T Moore 

ice... Jno. R Gordon i «'ii«ni. w. II. Ramsey 

Thomiun llli W 1> Mltchi N Hopkins 

l, lootton i BSmlth W II Phllpol 

Washington ... John T Wit CEIn lien 

\\ aj in Bbor rdon >x, B H Full 

Zebulon Vel 121 G W Strickland, W O Gwya 

Ms I i len i ndcr. ' 'hli 


nfed. Km'n I i W Whltt . R !■ • l ranee 
seyvllle Benev. ex-Confed...J04 Fob - I in Morris K. Ixicke 


\i Gen IS r Guj . Command i ' : ■ 

It B Coleman, Adjutant General and Chief of Stafl McAlet 

.Tie. t. Gait, Brigadli r ... n. ... Vrdi 

1> M Haley, Bi l| 

POSTOl I li i .IMC. "II 

Ardmore lim ll Morgan ... 107...W w Hydi ... I ■• B 

• man 

.i .i John Boyd, Command, i 
Col Jos M Jones, Adjutant General and ( in. f ol Staff. i 

POSTOl inc. iimc. pro. 

John B. Hood 288 Jno. - 

: own Thomas H, Hunt 

Benton Johnston 176 J P Bi li n, W .1 v 

Bethel Pa ' Arrasmltb, A.W.C 

en.Bowllng Green... 148 W. F. Perry, Jas. A. Mitchell 
, ,mpton i leorge W Cn Jos C Lj klms, o o Hanks 

i ;,i lisle Peter] ' Taylor 

Cj utbiana . C n Desha .... M D \i Bnj der. J w ... 
Danville . J. Wat ren Grl( [,Bau( innan 

E. lCiii. i Smith - .1 w.i.i rabb, J.8. i 
FlemlugBburg... Albert 8. Johnston. .282 Win Stanley, Jno W Heflin 

mas B Monroe 188 A W Macklln, Joel E Scott 

etown Georgi W Johnson 98 I. H Sinclair, J Webb 

dsburg.. Wm Preston W. Allln, John Kane 

Hopklnsvllte ..Ned Merrlwether ..Ml . ' l Jarrett, Hunter Wood 
Lawrei. ;i Hardin Helm...l01...P. H. Thomas, ,i- p. Vaughn 

Lexington ..J. & Breckinridge 100. John Boyd, G. C. Snyder 

Mt. Sterling Roy B. iluke 2»l...ThOB. Johnson, W. T. Havens 




Calhoun, Gta., January 19, 1894. 
Editob Confedeb ate Veteran There is a Con- 
federate cemetery on the battle-field of Resaca, sis 
miles from tlii- place, which is in a most deplorable 
condition of neglect. About five hundred soldiers are 
buried there. They are from every Southern State. 
The fence which once inclosed this consecrated ground 
has fallen away, and the whole is fast becoming over- 
grown with underbrush. An Association has been 

organized here to look after it, and Lf 92 -an be 

raised the Association will see that the work is dune 
and that the cemetery is looked after from this time 
The State of Georgia, just alter the war, appropriated 
sufficient money to build a fence around thecemetery 
and buy iron headboards for the graves of the men 
whose names were known. The unknown were 
buried in a circle and wooden headboards placed over 
them. These have decayed and fallen away. The 
soldiers of the different States are buried together. 
The fence built by the State has fallen down'. The 
Association wishes to get sufficient funds to inclose 
the grounds with a good picket fence, construct one or 
two rustic bridges across the little stream running 
through the cemetery, cut oil' the undergrowth, and 
prepare graveled walks around the unknown circle 
and between the different States. The State Legisla- 
ture is now precluded from making an appropriation 
by the State Constitution, so whatever is done must 
be by private subscription. We therefore call on every 
one who feels an interest to contribute a small amount. 
If every reader of the VETERAN will send a small 
amount the success of the enterprise will be assured. 
The money can be sent to the Bank of Calhoun, with 
instructions to place to credit of Resaca cemetery fund, 
or it may he sent to .(.(). Middleton, Calhoun, Ga. A 
list of contributors will he kept, and all money re- 
funded if the effort lie unsuccessful. 

KENTUCKY— Cbnttnued. 




Florida Division, U. C. V.— Brig. Gen. Win. Baya 
furnishes this list of officers: W. R. Moon-, of VVel- 
born, Inspector < leneral and Chief of Stall': .1. A. 
Enslow, Jr., of St. Augustine, Adjutant General; W. 
II. Young, of Jacksonville, Judge Advocate General; 
William Fox. of ( Icala, Quartermaster General ; H. 11. 
Linvill, of Femandina, Commissary General; A. I >. 
Williams, M. 1».. of Jacksonville, Surgeon General. 
They are all to rank as .Major, and to he obeyed and 
respected accordingly. 

The Mississippi Divisit f United Confederate Vet- 
erans is in healthy working condition. Gen. S. D. Lee, 
i he I lommander, begins his second term with his old 
-tali: Gen. Robert Lowry, of Jackson, and Gen. J. R. 
Binford, of Duck Hill, are Department Commanders. 
\\\< genera] stall' i- a- follow.-: Col. E. T. Sykes, of 
Columbus, Adjutant Genera] and chief of stall'; Col. 
P. M. Savery, of Tupelo, [nspector General ; Col. Ad- 
dison Craft, of Holly Springs. Quartermaster ( reneral ; 
Col. S. A. Jonas, of Aberdeen, Commissary General; 
Col. J. II. Jones, of W 1 v i lie. Judge Advocate Gen- 
eral; Col. B. F. Ward, of Winona, Surgeon General: 
Col. II. F. Sproles, of Jackson, Chaplain General; Ft. 
Col. W. W. Stone, of Jackson, Aid-de-Camp; Maj. I> 
A. Campbell, of Vicksburg, Aid-de-Camp. There are 
•over forty Camps in Mississippi and others forming. 

I'osron n k. CAMP. 

N lchola8vllle...Humph*y Marshall. is: Geo. B. Taylor, K. T. I.lllard 

ruitucan A P Thompson 171 ...w u Bullitt, J. M. Brow n 

Paris l.ihn ii. Morgan B6...A.T. Forsyth, Will A. < mines 

Richmond Tl las B. Collins.. 216...Jas. Tevls, N. B. I >i-:it li<-rnee 

Russellvllle John W. Caldwell... l;w J, P.. Brlggs, w. B. McCarty 

Sbelbyville I ll. Waller 387, ,W. F. Beard, R. T. ' »wen 

Winchester Rogi r W. Hanson...l86...B. F. Curtis. J. i„ Wh 

Versailles \i« Buford 97 r C Bailey, Jas W Smith 

I ' '1 IS1ANA. 

Maj Get Watts, Commander Alexandria 

Col T I. Macon, Adjutant General and chief of staff New i Irleans 

i ■'!- mi ni I . CAMF. Mi. OFVII i I ' 

Alexandria I. ll Dai is 8...G.0. Watte, W.W.Whlttlngton 

Amite City Imlte City 7H...A.P.RIchards,G.W.Banltston 

Arcadls Arcadia. 229 James Price. John A. I >den 

Baton Rouge. .. Baton Rouge. 17...J. McGrath, F. w. Heroman 

ton Lowden Butler 109 8 M Thomas. B R Nash 

Berwick Winchester Hall .. its .T.I Royaler, FOl 

Compte Cap Perot .. 897 ...Leopold Perot, TH Hamilton 

Donaldsonvllle Victor Maurln 88 SA Poche, P Garrel 

Evergreen K. L.Gibson 88... Wm. M. Ewell, I. C. Johnson 

Farmervllle C.V.A.of Union Par.879...J K Ramsey , l> a rent 

Franklin Fiona n (' :e. a", w R Collins, ThOS J shatter 

Gonzales P. O.-.Fred N. Ogden 247 ..Jos.GonzalesSr,B T. Brown 

Jackson Feliciana 264 .Zacb Lea, K. ll. Mel lelland 

Lake Charles... .Calcasieu C. Vet H2...W.A.Knapp,W. L. Hutching* 

L. Providence ...Lake Providence lit!.. ,1. c. Bass, T. P. McCandless 

Mandervllle Gen Geo.Moorman..270...Jos. l.. Dicks, U. < I. Plzzetta 

Mansfield Mouton 41. C. Selniler. T. <i. Pegues 

Merrick Isaiah Norwood Iln . Ii. T. .Merrick. .1, .1. Taylor 

Monroe Henry W. Allen 182... W. R. Roberts, ll. Molse 

Natchitoches.. ..Natchitoches 10 ..J A Prudb me, W D liar- 

New Orleans Army of N. Va I...W. K. Lyman, T. B. I I'Brlen 

New Orleans Army of Tenn 2. ..Gen .1 Bvlnet. Nicholas Cuny 

New Orleans Vet. i 'on. States Cav.. »...Wm. Laughlin, E. It. Wells 

NewOrleans Wash. Artillery I6...B F Eshelman, L \ Adams 

New Orleans Henry St. Paul Hi.. ..I. Demoruelle, A B Booth 

Oakley lohn Peck 188... W. s. Peck, .1. W. Powell 

Opelousas R. E. Lee 14... L. D. Prescott, P.. Ill nfield 

Plaquemine Iberville 18. ..C.H.Dickinson. J .L.Dardenne 

Rayvllle Richland 162... J. s. Summerlln, c . T. smith 

Rustin Ruston 7. ..A. Barksdaie, J. L. Bond 

Bhrcveporf Uen LeRoy Stafford .1 ...W Kinney, W II Tunnard 

Tanglpalioa Camp Moore imi.ii. P. Amacker, (). R. Taylor 

Thibodau.x Hraxton Bragg 19ti...S. T. (irisainorc. II. N. Coition 

Maj Gen Geo H Stuart, Cot ander Baltimore 


Maj Gen S D Lee. i lom nder starkvllle 

Col K T s.vkes. Adjutant General and Chief of stair Columbus 

I eii icrt i.owry. Brigadier < leneral rackson 

.1 R Binford, Brigadier I leneral Puck Hill 


Amory SI wall Jackson..427...W A Brown, 

BooneviUe W. II. H. Tlson 17D...D. T. Beall, .1. w. smith 

Hrandoi) Rankin 285. ..Patrick Henry, K. s. Maxcv 

Brookbaven Sylvester Gwln 2.'l r >....7. A. Hoskins, J. 1(. Daughtry 

Canton E.iiiles Henry 812. ..E. C. Postell. .1. M. Mills 

Chester R Prevt itl 139 .1 ll Evans, W M Roberts 

ColumbUS Ishani Harrison 27...C I. Lincoln, W A Campbell 

( 'rystalSp'gs Pen Humphreys hi, c. Humphries, J. M. Haley 

Edwards W. A. Montgomery 2B...W. A. Montgomery, T. H.'\V. 


Fayette J. .1. Whitney 22... W I. Stephen. T p. Hammett 

Greenwood Hugh A. Reynolds... 21X...R W Williamson, W A (iil- 


Greenville w. A. Percy liis ..Geu.S.W. Ferguson, W.Yerger 

Grenada W. K. Barksdaie 189...J w Young. Julius Ajh. 

Harpersvllle. Patrons Union 272. M W Stamper, CA lluddicstou 

Hatticshnrg Hattlesburg 21. <C D. Hartfleld, E. II. Harris 

Hernando Desoto 220 Sam Powell, C. H. Robertson 

Hickory Flat Hickory Flat 219.. W. A. I rum, .1. .1. Hicks 

Euka Tishomingo C. Vet..425...Geo P Hammersley, ■ 

Holly Springs K 1 1 Motl 28.. I. F. Fant.s. II. Pryor 

Jackson Robert a smith 24...W D HoMcr. wm Henlger 

Lake Patrons Onion 272.. .M. W. stamper, C. A. llud- 
Lexington Walter 1, Keim 898 II .1 Keel, F A Howell 

Liberty Amite Counts 228 I' l; Brewer, Geo A McGehee 

1 Isvllle loli n M Bradley 852...M A Mitts, Jno B Gage 

Maben Stephen D. Lee 271...0. B. Cooke, J. L. Sherman 

Macon I a nies Longstreet.. 1X0.. .H. W. Foote, .1. L. I Irlggs 

Magnolia Stockdale 8U B 11 Fehlcr. S A Matthew 

Meridian Walthall 2B...W. F. Brown, B. V. White 

Miss. City Ilea u voir l-'O.Aien. .1. R. Ha\ Is. E. S. Hewet 

Natchez Natchez 20...F.J.V. Lei and, E. L. Hopkins 

N.w \ Ibany t len M P Lowrj 842.. < I s Robertson, M F Roget - 

Port Gibson i la i horn i I87...A. K. Jones, w. w. Moore 

Rolling Fork. ...Pat R Cleburne 190...J C Hall, JnoS Joor 

Rosedale Monigoincrv a'J !•' A Montgomery, C C Fnrrar 

sa niis in., r Dickens 841.. it n Taylor, .1 B B lothe 

Siiiatol.ia Hill Fceiicy 358...G 1 > Shands, T P Hill 

Tupelo lohn M.St ■ Ill ...<i. n .1 M stone, P M Savery 

Valden Frank i.hhicil 22I...S.C. Haines. W. .1. Booth 

Vicksburg Vickshurg .;■_' ll A famphelL.I l> Laughlin 

Winona M. Farrell .'ill .1. ii. Binford. C. H.Campbell 

w iviiic Woodvllle in....!. H. Jones, P. M. Stocketl 

Yazoo City Yazoo 17H...S D Robertson, C J DuBuisson 

Maj Gen .1 ( i Shelby, t 'omiuanper Adrian 


Kansas City Kansas City 80...Jos W Mercer, Geo B Spratt 




T. I'>. Stringfield, Cashier of the [owa Savings Hank 
at Sheldon, wrote the Veteran in November that he 
had seen a Union soldier who had Gen. "Mudwall" 
Jackson's field glass, which he captured in a battle 

near Nashville, anil which the possessor desired to re- 
turn to Gen. Jackson, or to some member of hie family. 
The glass was promptly requested i" !»• sent to Mrs. 
Charles Fuller, a daughtei of th< General referred to. 
Upon its receipl Mrs. Puller was notified, when she 
declined the gift, because her father was not in the 
battle near Nashville, and was never captured. 

The story of the capture is an interesting one. Lieut. 
John I'". Bishop, of Company B, fifth Minnesota In- 
fantry, writes Mr. Stringfield: 

" I desire very niiieh t" "1 tain the address ol a you nt: 

Confederate officer, Capt. Adams, oi South Carolina, 

wh" was an Aide mi the Stall' of < mi. .la< k - • < 1 1 \\ hen 

■our troops charged (Jen. Hood's, stationed behind a 
stone wall about six or seven miles out on the Granny 
White Pike, December 16. 1864, Gen. Hood moved Ins 
forces to the [eft of the pike. Tie y attempted to gain 

the ground on the right, facing Nashville, where t on- 
federates had not yet broken. I was ordered to deploy 
my company along the pike and to keep the sai 
possible. An officer came to the first wall, climbed 

over, and as he did so 1 called him to halt. He did 
not obey, bui crossed the pike, leached the opp 
wall, and was in the act of crossing it when 1 went up 
to him ami again called him to halt. He turned, 
looked me Square in the lace and asked, " Will you 
take me a prisoner'.'" I replied, " Vrs that is what I 
am here for.'' He re]. lied. "All right, 1 will surren- 
der." He turned over to me a leather haversack con- 
taining a rasher of fresh beef and coin bread, together 
with the field glass. He gave his name as G. 11. -lack- 
son, I think, ot Georgia. 1 thought him either a Cap- 
tain or Lieutenant, BS he had 0D a water-proof overcoat 
and I could only see a strip of gold lace just above his 
shoe tops. 1 was informed that night that 1 had taken 
Gen. .laekson a prisoner, lie applied to Gen. A.J. 
Smith for the return ot' his field glass, hut no requisi- 
tion was made byanyoneon me. 1 have, therefore, 
kept it all these years. * I am anxious to re- 

turn the held -las- to its rightful Owner. Xo one is 
more anxious than 1 to try and heal the terrible wounds 
made between the North and South during tin years 
from 1861 to 1865." 

Mr. Stringfield, a Southern man. write- of Lieut. 
Bishop, that he is one of the Lest citizens ot' O'Brien 
County, Iowa, and is very anxious that this relic of 
the war should he returned to the One most entitled 

to it. The field glass is held by Lieut. Bishop's wish, 
in the hope that this notice will bring to light it- real 
owner. Any information from any source upon this 

SUbjed will he gratefully received. 

.lust as this VETERAN goes to press another letter 
Comes from Mr. Stringfield stating that he has a letter 
from Mrs. Mary ('. Carter, of Knoxville. who writes 
that her father was Gen. A. 1'",. .laekson. 

\V. M. ( railbreath, Flynn's Lick. Tenn., while report- 
ing Subscriptions, writes: " 1 was not in the war, as I 
was only 11 years old when it began, bu1 1 rejoiced 
over the victories of the Confederate soldiers and 
groaned when they were defeated. My father gave up 
his life on the battle-field of Murfreeshoro, fighting for 
the Confederacy." 


nED Hall. Commander Wilmington 

Col Junius Davis, Hi and Chief of Star] w 

mifiis Barrti i i harlot te 

W 1' Roberts, Brigadiei General Gatesville 


.v.. Everett, B. h. Cathey 

. . .t ft test 

K 11 Holllday, .in" \ Beamaa 
.1. v. w 

i.o. n»u. l.. R. Whltenei 

..John P. I <'li 

w I. I Ion, II A London 

.. I McB; 

..In.i F Ramsaj , J C Bernhardt 

..Col .1 R Crawford, C It Marker 

P • I arlton, 

R i; Warren, CC Thon 

W 1. !'• R 1, Win. Blanks 

I .1 Brow ii. Sam'l 11 Smltb 

M P. n. . 

Bryson CHj Andrew Ooli 
Mecklenbi - 

Clinton Sampso 

Concord.... i abarrue Co.C\ 

Hickory i atawba 

Littleton Junius Daniel ... 

Pittsboro I Didae J Mi n 

Ryan 117. 

bury « 

nr.\ • 

Rtates> III 

Wilmington I 

i Norman 

MCF. ■ IMP. 

Guthrie < amp .1 

ii ■ ufro 

Oklahoma en\ D H Run i- ... 177 3 W Johni 

-Till ' \Hill.lNA. 

i ol Thos > Moorman, \ - umbla 

\\ lunsboro 
poa ropi camp. wo. 

■ , , 

Aiken Barnard F. 


tori Beaufort 


Charleston Palm< tto Ui 
( In iiiw I l: Ki i-luov 

Columbia Hampton 

l luncans I teat 

lasra i Han tboi 

Held ( H Abner Perrlu . 
Pee Dee 

nville R. r. Pulllan 

Greenwood ,D Wyatl \ it . n 
Ml Pleasant l hoe M w sgm i 

Newberry lames D Nni 

Pickens Wolf Creel 

Rock Hill i 

i onfed. Su\ . \-- 
unp Walk< 
Bummervllle Gen Jas < lonnor 
Sumter Dick Anderson 

s' ' ■■ rget Stephen Elliott. 

. W V Templeton 

B H. Teague.J. N Wigfall 
M P Trlbbe, .1 N Vandlver 

I boi - Whit. . 

Rev. I Johnson, J. W. Ward 
i ..i. ii 


\ P i-.e.u ,,. D P. I lennlkin 

\ II Dean, .1 V Hi-li 
i; 1 Bi iwi ii. .1 H, !'•"" 
.1 h Brooks, Thos W CarwUe 
i: w Lloyd, Vfva Quick 

i P Miller, 

.1. w. Norw i. P. T. H 

.1 w i,:." I I Boyd 
Jae \ Gi i'" .it i. ii- i 
i ladr J< roes, w i: iiunlap 


Jos Walker, A B Woodruff 

P H Hiii' 
.1 ii Grabam, P P Halliard 

Ii W Minus. .1 Otej K.^.l 

TENM "I 1 
n w ii Jackson, Command' ' ishvllle 

Col Jno P Hickman, \.lji ' leneral of staff Nashville 

J A Vaughn, Btieadlei Memphis 

Frank A Moses Brigadier General ..Knoxville 


Brownsville .... Hiram S Bradford...428... , H .1 Livingston 

Chattanooga ..N. B. Forrest t ,L. T. Dickinson, 

Clarksvillc .Forbes n T. H. Smith, Clay Stacker 

Fa\ .ii' alton 1 1 1 -In- I' Tillman 'w ii ' 

Franklin Gen I W 8 

Jackson .Inn Inprain 

1.' ;n„ f_,t_ i- 'i in 

Knoxville Felli K. Zolllcofl 

Knoxville Fred Ault 

.8 V Wall, T ' 
W Holland, M Bl 


1 \. Moses, J. W. s. Prlerson 

Lewlsburg Dlbrell SS W. P. Irvine, W. G. Lord 

Marsh v tklsson, J. P. < annon 
i . w i ran r, R.J. Black 

V/.S.Mcl emon ,W 1 

Thos ii smith, .1 P Hickman 

.1. M. Has! Ings. .1 

McKensie 8 laekson. 42, 

Memphis Confed. Hist. 1st 

Murfreesboro... J 

Nashville Frank Cheatham 

Shelby vllle Win. Frierson.... 

Tullahoma..... Pierce B. And Ino P Hickman, W J i 

Winchester Turney I J Martin 

I EXA8. 

■ r. ii w i. Cabell, i "iniii.Mii. i 
Brig Gen AT Watts, Adjt Gen and Chief of Stall D 

Northeasters Texas Drvisioar. 
Ma Gen W N Bush, Commander Mc] 

Col .1 M Pearson, Adjutant General and Chief of Staff... Mel 

NORTHM ES. Ills I it ' 

MaJ Gen Richard Cobb, Commandet 

■ o w in Poi I ind Chief of Staff WlchH 

Josepf) Benedict, I General........ Graham 

w B Pli mmons, Brigad Imarillo 


Maj Gen W Q Blain, Commander Fa 

Col Thos J Gibson. Adjutant Gem ral and Chief ol Staff Mexla 

11 H Boone, BrlgadlerGi Navasota 

D H Nunn. Brigadier General 


Maj Gen \V H Young, Commander San Antonio 

Ool n M Poor. Ailiii.liint (ieneral and Chief of Staff San Antonio 

Hamilton P Bee. Brigadier General San Antonio 

Thos w Dodd, Brigadier General Laredo 




Col. E. T. Lee, Secretary Shiloh Battle-field Associa- 
tion, Monticello, 111.: The committee of the Shiloh 
Battlefield Association, composed of Secretary Col. E. 
T. Lee, Treasurer Dr. .1. \V. Coleman, and Cant. R. C. 
McMechan, the latter one the Vice-Presidents, bare re- 
turned from their visit to the battle-field. They were 
very successful in securing the land on which this fa- 
mous battle was fought, at a very reasonable i>rice, 
some 2,500 acres. They will recommend to Congress 
that the battle-field be purchased by the Government 
and made a great National Memorial Park, like Get- 
tysburg and Chickamauga, and that graves of the dead 
soldiers scattered over the field he preserved. Two 
reunions are to be held on these old battle-fields 
this year, one on April 6th and 7th, the anniversary 
of the battle, and one on May 30th, when the graves 
of the thousands of sleeping heroes there will he dee- 
orated with flags and flowers. On hoth of these occa- 
sions there will lie appropriate exercises, suitahle to 
to the place and occasion. Secretary E. T. Lee, of 
.Monticello, 111., has received over 6,000 names of the 
survivors of this battle, and they are continually re- 
porting. A complete roster of the men who fought 
in it is to he made, representing every command 
that took part in the battle, North and South, as the 
officers and members of this Association are composed 
of those who wore the blue and the gray in equal num- 
bers. Gen. John B. Gordon, Commander-in-Chief of 
all the United Confederate Veterans, gave this bis 
hearty approval. There are some"4,000 Confederate 
dead buried on this battle-field, whose graves will be 
looked after and preserved. 

In a persona] letter Col. Lee states: Our Association, 
as you will see from the ollicers, is composed of one- 
half of the Blue and one-half of the Cray, and we desire 
all the old Confederate comrades to meet us at Shiloh 
on the 6th and 7th of April, and we will mark the po- 
sitions held during the battle, and also look up the 
graves of the Confederate dead buried there, so we can 
have them properly cared for and preserved. We feel 
very sure we will succeed in having this old battle-field 
purchased by the government and made a national 
memorial park. 

Carrol Cates' Yankee Breeches. — The peculiari- 
ties of men were brought out in high degree during 
the war. W. C. Cates. who was a member of my regi- 
ment, was conspicuously careful, and the fact that he 
"wore out" a pair of blue pants, issued to him in 
prison during February, 1862, when hack in the serv- 
ice, by carrying them in his knapsack, is a vivid illus- 
tration, lie writes: " I tried them on once, and they 
proved to he knee pants. I kept them until the fail 
of "<;:!, when I exchanged them for two pairs of rebel 
gray pants. The other fellow wanted the blue ones for 
Sunday." The average Confederate would not have 
carried them go long for tleir weight in gold. 

TEXAS— CbntflMled 

Wkstern Division. 

MaJ i, in v. M Bean, Commander _ Cameron 

' "I u M McGregor, Adjutant General and > blef of stmt ' ' Cameron 

H E Shelley, Brigadier General Austin 

Robert Donnell, Brigadier General Meridian 

. 29 




. 88, 

Capt. J. F. Puckett, Commander Camp at King-ton. 
Texas: At the October meetinjfbf our Camp the claims 
of the Veteran were presented, and it was recom 
mended that it be adopted as our official organ at the 

Birmingham reunion. We have a live Cam]! here, 
composed of veterans from all the Southern States. 
Hope to be able to send you more subscribers soon. 


Abilene Abilene 72 

Abilene Taylor Co 88 

Alvarado Alvarado ihu 

Alvln Win H .. it 280 

A 1 v>i<l Stonewall 382 

Archer City Stonewall Jackson. 219 

Athens Howdy Miirlin 05. 

Atlanta Stonewall Jackson »l 

Annua Hi; Mills 880 

Austin I no BHood 1V8 

Beaumont a. s. Johnston 

Belton Bell Co. ex-Lou. As 122 

Bis; springs I.» U'linki 33U 

Bon ham Sul Hoss I in, 

Brazoria Clinton Terry 243 

Breckinridge Stephens Coimlv :;1 1 

Brenham Washington ... l 1 19 

Brownwood stonewall .Jackson J UJ. 

Bryan J. B. Robertson 124 

Buffalo Gap Camp M lv 

Caldwell Camp Hosiers 

Calvert w. P. Towdsend 

Cameron Beu McCulloch ... 

Campbell .Camp Boss 

Canton James 1,. Hogg 

Carthage Horace Randall.. 

Chico Camp .Mcintosh.. 

Childress los E Johnston.... 

Cisco Camp Preveaux... 

Cleburne 1'at Cleburne 

Colorado Albert s. Johnston 118 

Columbus shropsh ire-Upton... 112 

Col. nun: Jno Pclham 78 

' 'ommercc .. R. [•;. Lee j ;| 

Cooper Ector , 2::i 

CorpusChristi... Joseph E Johnston.. 63.. 

Corsicana C. M. Winkler 147. 

Crockett Crockett HI. 

Colli usvi lie Beauregard 806. 

Cuero Emmett Lynch 242. 

Daingerfleld Camp Brooks :in7. 

Dallas Sterling Price 81. 

Decatur Ben McCulloch Si 

DeKalb Tom Wallace 289. 

Denton Sul Ross 129, 

Dodd City ('amp Maxev 281. 

Dublin Erato 4 Comanche.. 85. 

El Paso.. John C Brown 20. 

Emma Lone Star 198 

Fairfield Wm. L. Moody 87. 

Floresvllle Wilson County 225, 

Forney .Cam]) Bee 130. 

Fort Worth It. E. Lee 158.. 

Frost R. i|. Mills 100.. 

Gainesville Joseph E Johnston .llli. 

Galveston Magruder M5. 

Gatesville Ex-C A. Coryell Co 1.T5 

Goldtbwaite Jeff Davis .... 117. 

Gonzales .ohn CG Key 166 

:!ordouvllle J (i Hodges 392.. 

Graham Young County 127. 

(I ran bury Gi anbury '. 07 

Grand View .1 E Johnston ::t: 

Greenville Joseph E Johnston ..267. 

Hallettsvillc Col Janus Walker 248, 

Hamilton \. s. Johnston 116. 

Heme tead Tom Green 136 

Henderson Ras Redwlne 295. 

Henrietta Sul Boss 172 

Hlllsboro Hill County 166. 

1 [one] < trove. Logan Davidson. 294 

Houston Dick Dowllng 1»7.. 

Iluiiisvillc lohn C Upton 48.. 

Jack6borough ...Camp Morgan 864.. 

Jacksborough ,..< lamp 1 1 ughes 365.. 

Kaufman Geo. D. Manlon 1 15 

Kilgore Buck Kllgore 288 

Kingston i.. S. Johnston 71.. 

Ladonla Robt. E. Lee 126... 

LaGrange Col. B. Tlmmons 61.. 

Lampasas K. I-:. Lee 66., 

Livingston Ike Turner 821 

Lubbock !•'. R. Lubbock 186 

Madisouvllle Iik.ii Walker 128 

Marlln ... Willis L Lang 299 

Memphis Hall County 245., 

M< inn .lv ill.- ..Menardvllle 328 

Meridian \. 8. Johnston 115 

Merkel Merkel 79., 

M.xia roc Johnston 94.. 

Minncola Wood ( ounty 153.. 

Mi. Cnterprise,.Ro8ser 82.. 

Ml. Pleasant Col. Dud Jones 121., 

Montague Bob Stone 93.. 

McGregor i 'amp McGregor .... 274.. 

McKlnney Collin county 109.. 

Mi Vernon Ben Mel ullocb 800, 

Navasota Hannibal 11 Boone.,102.. 

New Boston Sul Boss 287.. 

Oakville John Donaldson 195.. 

Palestine Palestine 44.. 

01 I ICKRS. 

.. , T W Daughertv. 

. H. L. Bentley, Theo. Heyck. 
Jesse \\ HIM, J. B. Posej 

..Win Hart. All II II Tolar 

. J M Jones, W <• Leach 

.11 .1 Brooks, T M Cecil 

D M. Morgan, W.T. Eustace. 

J. D. Johnson. J. N. si mm . ms. 

(. W abort, '>' Leonard 
,.W. M. Brown, c. 11. Powell. 
.T J Russell, G \V O'Brien 

Joi Bralster, H E Bradford 

, R BZinu 

J. P. Holmes. 

Wm. I'. Smith, F. Leltibens 

\V K Marberry, <; B Brown 

I"' Giddlngs, J <; Rankin 

.Carl Vincent, A D Moss 
.1 W Tabor. S M lieid.n 
.Ben K Jones. .1 J Ewbank 
.J B King, J F Matihewe 
e w Hig'inb'th'ni.H FKellogg 

E. J. Mclver, J. B. Moore. 
R W Ridley, Tom G Smith 

T. J. Towlcs. W. D. Ibonipsou 
J. It. Bond, .1 M. Wooiworth. 
I. S K.ldins. (J \V Craft 
W I' Jones, L C Warllck 
I w Neal, ,1 s McDonough 
,.OI Plummer, s c Scurlock 
,.W. V. Johnson, T. Q. Mullin. 

. Q Mcl orniick, J. .1 Dick. 

J. J. Callan, J. M. Williams. 
,G O l.indscy, W E Mangum 
Geo w Jones, u J Pickett 
.11 R Sutherland, M c spann 

,R M Collins, 

Enoch Braxsnn, J. F. Martin. 
J B King, W II Stephenson 
V Weldon. George H Law 
.1 N /.acbery, J A McGregor 
J J Miller. Geo R Fearee 

W A Miller. A Edwards 

W s Proctor, J D Stewart 

.Hugh McKenzie, J.R.Burton. 

We Moore 

J. T. Harris, L. E. Glllett. 

11 H Davis. Wyndham Kemp 

John W. Murray. 
.WG Blaln, L GSandlfer 
,W. C. Agee, A. D. Evans 
„T. M. Daniel, S. G. Fleming. 

A 1! Eraser, W M M. -Council 

.AChamberl'n, M F Waki Held 

. .1. M. Wright, W. A. Sims. 
,.T N Waul, c Washington 
,.M S Stanford 
.1 I-: Martin. W H Thompson 

W H Say. -IS. II L CJUalls 

Wm Hodges. \\" Blassingame 
\ G i nay, V M Edwards 

...J. A. Formlvalt, I. R. Morris 

.. , C c Hatfield 

W s Ward, a II Hefner 

Vnlnev Ellis, B P Burke 

.Baltic Fort. I. A H Smith 

,V. B. Thornton, S. Schwara. 
J M Mays, C C Doyle 

F. J. Barrett, C. B. Patterson. 
, Wm W Fields 

J II Lynn. John I, I'.allinger 
W. Lambert. S. K . Longu.-cker 
.1 \i Smlther, !•: E Goree 
s w East In, w J Denning 
s ii Reeves, A F Anderson 
Jos. 1 1 iiflinastcr. E. s. Pipes. 
W \ Miller, R W Wvnn 
J. F. Puckett. T. J. Foster. 
W B Merrill. .1 R Arthur 

,K. II. Phelps, N. llolman. 
1 1. C. Thomas, T. 11, llaynie 

..lames E Hill, A B I .riiii 
W. l). Crump, G. W. Shannon 

, R Wilej 

1 1 \ King, J T < iwen 

i' m vim raj ,G w Tipton 

EM Kitchens, 

.Robt Donnell, J. W. Adams. 

.J. T. Tucker, A. A. Baker. 

C L Wals II W Williams 

J II llulliiiast.-r, T J Goodwin 

T. Turner, B. BlrdweU. 

.i '. L. Dillabunl v, J. C. Turner. 

ic Bean, R. D. Rugeley. 

\V II Harris. II W Sadler 
T M Scolt, II C Mack. 
.W T Gass, J J .Morris 
\V E Barry, .las H Freeman 
i leo II Bea, T .1 Watlington 
r.f. i 'ox, T. M. Church 
J.W.Ewlng, J. M. Fullinwlder 




II X \s— Continued. 

P. A. Green, Seale, Ala.: I have just finished read- 
ing the December oumbei of the Veteran, and wish 
that every Southern soldier could have the g I for- 
tune to do the same. I feel sometimes thai four of the 
best years of my life were us thrown away, and that 
the dangers, privations and hardships endured by the 
soldiers of our dear Bouthland were not appreciated, 
hut when I read the Veteran 1 am cheered with the 
hope that, although unsuccessful, history will tell to 
future generations the justice of our cause and the un- 
dying devotion of the Southern soldier to hie native 
land. Please send the Veteran to Capt. Thomas H. 
Hardwick, Hatchechubble, Ala. He was one of the 
most gallanl soldiera in the Southern army, whose 
company captured on the bloody field of Chickamauga 
a yankee battery, hut whose affliction has confined 
him to his bed for six Long years. 

W. Fort Smith, Esq., Brazoria, Texas I am very 
much interested in your enterprise, for 1 feel thai we 
should educate our children in the true faith while we 
live, bo that when we have bivouacked on the other 
shore our cause will live. By "ourcause" 1 mean the 
right "t' self government and American manhood. 
Let us tea< h them to love the Republic our fathers be- 
queathed i" us. the Republic of equal rights for all 
the States. Teach them thai the followers of Sidney 

and •'. E.Johnston, Forrest, Wheelerand II I. fought 

for the preservation of civil liberty againsl centralism 
and the downfall of American liberty. 

R. W. Crabb, Uniontown, Ky.: Find inclosed my 
checl foi II 30, to renew my subscription for the \ 
bran and for the " Flags of a Nation thai fell," framed, 
also tin' Souvenir. I am in time to renew at fifty 
cents, but 1 do not want it at that price; it is worth 
one dollar 1 feel now that you will make it a sua ■ 
Now, we have had enough of this surrendering, what 
we old Rebs want is a magazine that will stay by us. 
and is not for sale; a magazine that will publish our 
side" of history as it actually occurred from '61 to '65. 
without prejudice or partiality. Do this, and we will 
stand by you until the last ditch is reached and the 
last round is fired. 

Sherman, Texas, January 28, 1894. At a meeting 
of Camp Mildred Lee, United Confederate Veterans, 
last night, these resolutions were unanimously adopted : 

Whereas, we have observed with pleasure and profit 
the publication of historical and instructive incidents 
relating to our side in the late war. in a neat and hand- 
some little journal by S. A. Cunningham, at Nash- 
ville, Tenh., called Confj i i Veteran; therefore. 

Resolved, L, That we commend the spirit and patri- 
otic intent of this attractive journal, and send fra- 
ternal greetings to Mr. Cunningham, assuring him of 
our sympathy and good wishes in his praiseworthy 
efforts, and hope the Confederate Veteran will be 
well sustained, continue to improve, and publish all 
of the truth relating to the history of the "lost cause." 

Resolved, '2.. That we indorse the publication of the 
Confederate Veteran, and adopt it as the official 
organ of Mildred Lee Camp. 

Resolved , 3, That this preamble and resolutions be 
spread upon the records of this Camp, and the Adju- 
tant he instructed to transmit a copy to the editor of 

the Confederate Veteran. Long live the Veteran. 

Fraternally. Unci. WALKER, Adjutant. 


Paradise Pat* 'lebnme 

Paris A.s. .1. illusion 70. 

Paint Rock 1.11 Davie ..188 

Pearsall "Gotch"Hardemai 

Richmond Frank Terry .... 

Ripley . ■■• n Hood 

Korkwall Rockwall.. 74 

Rob] W. W. Lorlng ... 

\ntonlo A. S.JohnBton .144, 

\ ngustine-Jefl Dai la 
W P Rogers 
Santa Anna L *7 C Lamar 871, 

our Bedford I 

Sherman Mildred Lee. BO 

South Prairie, South Prall 

twater. E. c. Walthall. 
Sulphur spy* Matt tabcroft. 

Taylor \ S lobnatoo 166. 

Terrell . . I EH Stuai 

\ P Hill 

Tyler V.8.Jobnati 

in Campl labt ll_. 

w aco Pal Llebu 

Waxabachle.... w inn 
Waxabachle.. ..Parsons > av. Va« 
Weatberford ..Tom Gret I 
Welllngtoi .".worth i i 

Wharton Bucbell 

Wnltesbon R Reevee 



A .1 Jones, I. T Ma-otl 

■ it e.. n nor. s s Record 
W. I . Melton, J.W.Ratcbford. 
R M Harkness, Henry Maney 
I'. K, Peareaon, B. K. .•smart 
W RM Blaaghter,Jno H Hood 
M. S. Instln, N. C. Eds 
li Bpoer, \ P Kelley 

.John s Ford, Jamea < lark 

.. . W \ Field 

. teorge Hal rts, A I hitman 
I M i in \ < na, Will Hubert 
T. He. l'ccrv.R.J. Browning. 
.1 T WINon. Kohl Walker. 

W L Hefner, 

w D c. all, 1. H. Freeman. 
H.M. Henderson, M.G. Miller. 
M Rosa, Pi 1 1 > Ha a 
,i \ \iithony. Vic Relnbardt 
w .1 \ Men. Charley A Hooks 
Harsh, Bid 8 Johnson 
8. I Hatcbett, M. D. Davis. 
C I. Johnson, W. ' . Poopei 
T'lin Yates, JPOo 

.. . \ M I'.-ilnnan 

I. P. Riot . M. V. Kim. 

.1 II McDowell. .1 M 'i ■ 

I N Dennlr, H T ( 'otoi 

.1 w M 

w R Crocki t i . N A IS' 

\ N Uford, W V Kenham 

n Tit". A I I hmond 

( "ol Jop 

Mlcajah Charlott. 

■ oir. 

Harrison b bbona 


Rich re Dd El 

mond . i isi 

oki w I Ham Watts 

Weal Polnl John R ke. 184 

Wllllamaburg ..McGl udei i ■ 

Wlncbestei GenTu rner \-M.\ :'i" 

..i i ■ 
nil Lee Mat tz, J 8 Mi 

R N Northern, P 
\ w \n h, r. .1 t Btratton 
H v Brooke, Hugh W Pry 
li. M Miller, W. W. Gret 
T l Stubba, II T Jonea 
\ m. \ icai 


Washlnet're ^ • I 171 J O Moore, T W Hungi 

The Southwestern Journal of Education: The 
Southern people have been much dissatisfied foryi 
with partisan history concerning their section ami the 
part they took in the war. Dally hooks and 

pamphlets have been printed in refutation of thi 
objectionable hist ut they I [uently bet 

extreme on the opposite side. The soldiers of the two 

en friends, except now and 
then when controlled by partisan politicians, who 
have created and continued sectional bitterness for 
personal advancement. The Vetera] eal- 

ously the cause of the < onfederate soldier-, and is very 
diligent to give just credit to Boldiers of the Union 
Army "who realize that the war ended in 1865." The 
editor of the Veteran was a soldier and carried a gun. 
He has a wide acquaintance throughout the South, 
and has the benefit of public confidence. It is refresh- 
ing to read a publication so coui is the V 

\. and yet so carefully deferential a- never to he 
offensive to true men who are equally zealous for tic 

Vngus P. Brown, Commander < lamp Columbia, S 
The Veteras has been made the official organ of this 

ip. Long may you be spared to preside at tl 

helm of a magazine that has clone so much to furnish 

the facts for the future historian of the South. Suc- 
- to you in your great enterprise. It is the duty of 
iv Confederal ustain you in your laud- 

able work. • 

\V. s. 1 lamia, Morrilton, Ark.: But for the very 
hard times I would be able to send you another list of 
subscribers for the Veteran. 1 will not, however, re- 
lax my exertions, and hope to be aide in the near fu- 
ture to send vmi additional name-. 



S. I ». Van Pelt, Postmaster, Danville, Ky.: In- 
closed find 81, for which please place my nam' 00 
your subscription list for the Confederate Veteran. 
'l - ;i w a copy of the Confederate Veteran this 
evening for the first time, and read it with a great 
deal of interest. I Berved three years in the Federal 
army as a soldier. Am a Republican in politics, bul 
I hive the true and brave Confederate soldier. 1 am 
hi- friend. The truest and best friends I can boast of 
are men who served in the Confederate army, and 1 
love them. I heartily approve of the publication of 
the Confederate Veteran, and wish it success. 

J. K. Merrilield. St. Louis. Mo., sends a dollar for 
the Veteran and writes: Allow me to thank you for 
the kind words you say in your Letter about Opydike'e 
brigade. We were always ready and willing to do our 
duty, and every historian who has written about the 
battle of Franklin gives our brigade the credit of sav- 
ing the Army of the Cumberland from destruction. 
Had our brigade not charged and recaptured the works 
from you after you had possession, you could have 
whipped the right or left wing in detail, and what you 
did not kill or capture would have been drowned in 
the Harpeth River, so that Hood with his army could 
have marched to Louisville or to Cincinnati without 
a Btumbling-block in their way except what few Home 
Guards they might have come across, but the veterans 
of your army would have -wept them aside like chaff 
before the wind. * * * While they are dealing 
out medals in Washington for brave acts done that 
accomplished but little, they might give a medal to 
every man who was in the charge .with Opydyke at 
the battle of Franklin. Tenn. 

\V. J. Ervin, Hamilton. Mo.: Asa private I bore an 
humble part in the late struggle from <>1 to the close. 
Received five wounds, participated in every engage- 
ment under the .Missouri State Militia until the 
organization of the Fourth Missouri Brigade, C. S. A., 
at Springfield, Mo., in the winter of '61-2. Arriving 
at Corinth a tew days late for Shiloh, participated in 
all campaigns and engagements from that to Altoona, 
Ga., November-"), 1864, where 1 received my last and 
lasting disability. 

A. H. Sinclair, Georgetown, Ky.: "Camp Geo. W. 
Johnson, at its regular meeting in September, unani- 
mously indorsed the ( 'oxi- kukkatk VETERAN, and rec- 
ommends it as the organ of the ( Confederal Veterans." 
It gives me pleasure to bear testimony to your unfal- 
tering devotion tO the lost cause, and 1 trust every 

Confederate veteran and their friends will become 

Gen. John Boyd, Lexington, Ky. : It is mighty lend 
work these times to gel renewals a1 any price. In 
severa] instances I have paid the renewals for poor old 
soldiers whom I knew could not spare the money and 
who like the Veteran. I could not think of taking 
any remuneration for the little aid 1 have given you. 
[only wish I could do more. I pray that God will 

bless vou and prosper you in the g I work that you 

are doing, and that he will incline all Confederate 
hearts to feel that they cannot do without the Vet- 
bran. I am always :]: ::: 

Wm. E. Underwood, Black Jack, Tenn.: * * * 
No, I never have seen any thing like a history of the 
war that pleases me as well as the Veteran. 1 en- 
listed in May. '61 (SOth Tennessee), and at Chicka- 
mauga I lost my left arm. 

I!. A. Venable, Bowling Green, Ky., who served in 
Company A, Twenty-ninth Alabama: I am glad you 
have put the price of the Veteran to $1 per annum. 
It is worth five times as much to the old Confederate. 

(apt. Andrew l'.rown, Florence, Ala. : A. M. O'Neal, 
( lommander of our Camp, which was named for him. 
is the Captain of the Wheeler Rifles of this place, and 
was a s ril ind year's cadet at West Point Military Acad- 
emy when he resigned to join our army. 

Adjutant B. M. Robinson. Orlando, Fla. : Please find 

inclosed postotEce order for $7.50 for the Veteran. I 

will forward you another order soon. Our city council 

recently donated to < 'amp No. 5 1 a burial lot. We in- 
tend to have it taken care of properly, and hope to 
erect a monument some time in the future. 

Dr. W. M. Yandell. El Paso, Texas: 1 do not feel 
competent to advise you as to raising the price of the 
Veteran. It is worth a dollar, unquestionably, but 
would it not be well to run another year at fifty cents, 
until you have run the subscription list to 10,000 when 
your advertising patronage ought to be valuable'.' 

T. F. Prewit, Killeen, Texas: I have often desired 
such a publication as the Veteran to place in the 
hands of my children, and they really appreciate it 
almost as much as myself and wife. 1 am pleased 
with the idea of organizing a benefit association in 
connection with the Confederate Veteran Association. 
I indorse the suggestion of J. L. Burke. 

A. B. McMichael, Healdsburg, Cal.: Inclosed find 
renewal for VETERAN. 1 would not take a dollar a 
piece for mine. I was a member of A. S. Marks' regi- 
ment, the Seventeenth Tennessee. * * * I think 
the troops Ceorge E. Dolton, of St. Louis, refers to 
were Longstreet's men. We lost eighty men. captured, 
from our regiment, but we captured some artillery. 

J. T. Eason, Coldwater, Mi-s. : Find inclosed live 
subscriptions. We are all delighted with the YkteraN. 
J served in the Seventeenth Mississippi Infantry from 
April. I si ;i, to the surrender at Appomattox. 

R. T. Owen. Adjutant John H. Waller Camp, Shel- 
byville, Ky.. sends a dollar to the Vetehax and adds: 
Like the regiment 1 belonged to, at the end of our first 
twelve months we re-enlisted for three yeers or during 
the war. Vou can count on me to be with you until 
you hand down your colors. 

J. Coleman Gardner, Springfield, Mo.: All who take 
it here are well pleased. The thirty-seven subscrip- 
tions I have sent you were secured at random, or as I 
had time to see after introducing it. 

A Dallas, Texas, Confederate: Here is a dollar from 
Ben. F. Hendricks, an old soldier who served on the 
other side in the Eighth Kentucky Cavalry. A good 
and true man he is, too. He wants the VETERAN. 

W. A. Campbell, Columbus, Miss.: The war journal 
was mailed me. I showed it to an old soldier and told 
him not to subscribe for it. as it did not at all repre- 
sent the old Confederates. He said. "I would not 
take il at 25 cents, and would rather pay $3 a year for 
the Villi; \v" I le take.- the VETERAN and was a good 

soldier. He carried a minie ball received at Chicka- 
uiauga for about fifteen years, and is yet lame. 

Mis. Keller Anderson, Memphis: Here is a good 
word from one of your subscribers. Mr. W. W. Shouse 

thanked me for calling his attention to the VETERAN, 
and said, "I would not take ten dollars and do with- 
out it." 




A Nashville girl is just beginning .1 tour in the 
Smith as a pianist, with a record thai will please the 
Confederate veteran- on learning that her lather is 
one of them. This is from the Washington Pott: 

It i- a pleasant task always to record the - 

a ymmg American girl in foreign lands, and this is 
the good fortune thai Bliss Marie Louise Bail* 
Nashville, Tenn., has achieved across the Atlantic. 
Though only eighteen years of age, the King of Saxon] 

was so delighted with her playing that, alter two or 

three performances, he conferred on Miss Bailey the 
title 01 Royal Court Pianist, an honor rarely given, 
and never, as his majesty himself told her, bestowed 

before on bo young. In Leipzig she made her 

debut, and it was a decided success, to be repeated at 
Berlin, Dresden, and other cities. The best critics 
gave her instiuted praise. 

Miss Bailey is able to play from memory three hun- 
dred solos and concertos, and her repertoire runs from 




J ! 


Bach to Liszt. Chopin is her favorite, for under the 
guidance of her Polish teacher she learned to bring 
out all the beauties of the great composer, she ex- 
pects to make a tour of the Smith, and has already 
cd good oflers from well-known managers. 

Replying to an inquiry from the writer, her mother 
gave briefly an account of her beginning as a pianist. 

she herself was teaching, and taxed with the care of 
twenty pupils She was impatient with the little 
tot's persistency in getting at the keys of the piano, 

and she kept it locked when not in use. Members of 
her class, however, were fond of the child, and helped 

her. On returning to the house one day after having 

been down town. Mrs. Bailey found that her little 

Mary was in great glee, playing for the family servants. 
That performance created in the mother interest and 
hope. Not long afterward the child played at the 
Nashville Exposition, when a gentleman offered to 
buy her any thing there. Of course she sell .ted a 
large doll. The little girl's ambition was to play an 
octave, but her fingers were too short, she happily 
overcame that by tying hair pins on the back Of her 
little hand so that she could touch the necessary keys. 

Bazaab for tiik Stonewall Band. — C. Harry 
Haim - tary of the Stonewall Brigade Band at 
Staunton. Va., write- " We are going to hold a bazaar 
in this city for the purpose of pun basing new uni- 
forms, and we shall appeal to all Southerners, and es- 
pecially to all survivors of the glorious Confederacy, 
for assistance in our undertaking. 1 mail you a copy 
of a little -li. et gott* n out by the band in the in1 
of the bazaar." These things will be of interest, spe- 
cially to the old Stomwall Brigade, 

Tin ii anagers of the Nashville Keeley Institute 

known Southerners. Those who were thrilled 
with the "Rebel Yell," as published last year in the 
Vi i iiiAN, will observe the author in the Secretary and 


For County Trustee. 
W. II. HIGGINHOTHAM hereby announci 1 as a 

candidate fur Trustee, subject to the action of the Democratic 
party. Your support cordially solicited. 

For County Judge. 
R. R CALDWELL is a candidate for re-election to the 
office et County .hi'l^e, subject >•• Democratic primary. 

JX< 1. THOM I'm IN an in. a me- himself a candidate for County 

Judge* subject to DemOi r:itie primaries. 

For Sheriff. 
W. ,1. HII.L is a candidate foi Bherifl l- competent and 
solicits your support in Democratic primaries. 

For Criminal Court Clerk. 

A. B. lEI'SH SPAIN is a candidate for Criminal Curt 
Clerk, subject to Democratic primary. Klection first Thursday 
in August, 

For Circuit Court Clerk. 
ALEX J. HARRIS lias announced himself as a camliilate 
rcuit Coin ibject to Democratic primary. 


Clerk, subject to Democratic primaries 1 lei imn August. 1894. 

For County Court Clerk. 
T. A. SHELTON is a can. li. late for County Court Clerk, 

Bubject to the action of the Dei ratic primaries. Election 

August. 1894. 

For Register. 
JNO. P. HK'KMAN is competent, desires the emolui 
an.l solicits your support for County Register. 

EWING CHADWE1 I is a candidate for re-election to the 
egister of Davidson County, subject to Democratic 

primary. m 

For Tax Assessor. 
Wk are authorized to announce tbe name of JOHNSON V. 
LINTON for the office of Tas Assessor of Davidson County. 

TIM M. IIANHIN is a camliilate for Tax Assessor of David- 
son County, subject to the Democratic primary. 



Books Supplied by S. A. Cunningham, 
Nashville, Tenn. 

John Esten Cook's complete w.oks. time payments. 

"The Southern Cross," by Mrs. L. K. Messenger. $1.26. 

"Four Years in the Stonewall Brigade," by J. 0, Casler, $2. 

"That Old-Time Child Roberta," by Mrs Sophie Fox Lea,$l. 

" Immortelles," by Maj. s. K. Phillips, Chattanooga, 50 cents. 

"The Other Side," a thrilling poem of !)00 lines, by Virginia 
Frazier Boyle, Mr. Davis being her theme. $1. 

"Sketch of the Battle of Franklin, and Reminiscences of 
Camp Douglas," by John M. Copley. $1. 

"How It Was. or Four Years With the Rebel Army," a 
thrilling story by Mrs. Irby Morgan, of Nashville. This is a 
charming book. Si. 

'• Hancock's I Mary, or History of the Second Tennessee ( 'av- 

airy, a Larg itavo book, with many portraits and biographic 

sketches. The frontispiece is a tine steel engraving of Gen. 
N. B. Forrest. $2.50. 

■■ Bright Skies and Hark Shadows," by Henry M. Field, I). D. 

$1.50. This I k comprises a series of letters on the South. 

Fifty pages are devoted to the battle of Franklin, and the au- 
thor is especially complimentary to this editor. The closing 
chapters are on Stonewall Jackson and Robert E. Lee. 

Hancock's I Mary is as a history of the Second Tennessee Cav- 
alry — in I octavo pages, 20 portraits, including a splendid steel 
engraving of Gen. N. I!. Forrest, and 36 biographical sketches. 

While the work will he read with interest hy any one who may 
wish to read the daring deeds of Forrest and his cavalry, it 
will he especially interesting to any who served under that 

gallant officer during the I a si eighteen months of the war. Mr. 
Hancock was a member of Bells Brigade, Buford's Division. 
The price is $2.60. 

m us. stonewall jackson's book. 

< ineof the most 
hooks ever writ- 
ten a ho ut the 
war is that of 
Mrs. M. A.. lack- 
son, the widow 
of one of the 
most unique he- 
roes of his race. 
The devoted 
wife shrank 
from the promi- 
nence that the 

worthy u n il e r- 
taking gave her, 
hilt she felt that 

the motherless 
g ra n d children 
of her husband 

deserved such 

record as she 
could leave to 
them, She tells 

the story of how 
two young peo 
pie, John Jack- 
son and Eliza- 
beth Cummins, 

u n k n W n to 

each other, per- 
haps, on embarking from the coast of England to America in 

174S, became so much to each other. Fifty years after that 
their son George was a niemher of Congress, and Andrew 
SacksOU was Senator, when they found, on comparing notes, 
that their ancestors Came from the same parish ill Londonderry. 
George Jackson was Colonel ill the Revolutionary War. The 
second son, Edward, was the grandfather of Thomas Jonathan 
Jackson, who was horn in Clarksburg, Va., January 21, 1824. 

Further reference may he expected ill BUbsequent issues. 

From the elegant book three pictures are herein copied. No- 

t>( Stonownll JackBOU.''- 
iTj.t-r .* Uroth^rs. 

ppyrlght] 1891, 

tice the remarkable similar- 
ity of expression of the Gen- 
eral in the two periods of his 
life. The hook will he sup- 
plied from this office at the 
publisher's prio 

The Life and Times of Sec- 
retary C. (.. Me linger, 

Confederate Secretary of the 
Treasury, by I lenry' I >, ( a- 
pers, of Charleston, is an im- 
portant contribution to his- 
tory. A. B. Holmes, Jr., 17 
Broad St.. Charleston. Price 
in cloth, $3; sheep, $3.50. 

The Virginia Historical So- 
ciety, at Richmond, is the 
naosl successfully conducted 

institution of the kind in the 

South. Membership So. 00, 

which entitles the member From "Ti»ijh urn uiu™ or rmo«w«]i !***«>> 

to all the publications free ... 

of charge. Address Philip Monument where Stonewall Jack- 

A. I'.ruce, Cor. Sec. Bon tell at ChancellorsvlUe. 

Some Rebel Relics, by Rev. A. T. G ih.e. in cloth. Si. 

The New Orleans Cfoislian Advoeatt says: "This story of tin- 
war will be read with absorbing interest. The record of the 
happenings of those dark days will always < imand attention. 

Mrs Irhv Morgan's Story Of "How It Was During Four Thrill- 
ing Years Among the Rebels." Vivid stories recorded after 
three decades, from memory. Price, $1. 

Dr, D. C. kelley: "It is not a history, it is just a great hig 

heart pouring out truthful and touching memories. No history 
written compares w itfa it in the trutbfulni ss, vividness, variety, 

and the pathos of its pictures. If you want tony fifty times 
in one day, and laugh almost as many times, get this hook and 
read it. I did not stop when I begun until it was finished, ami 
have not cried as much over any book in all my life." 

Thk fact that P. A. Shelton, the popular Broad Street grocer. 
has been publicly indorsed for County Court Clerk by the 
largest number of the best business, professional and artizan 

classes of the city ami county, is substantial evidence of the 
gentleman's eminent fitness for that position. 

All classes have called on him to declare himself for that 
position, ami it is to he hoped that be will comply with the 
almost universal wish of the people. 

That office needs just such a reliable and competent man as 
is Pal Shelton. and if he becomes a candidate he will lead tin- 
field by reason of his personal and husiness popularity am! 

high fitness for the ollice. — The Farmers' I'm/.,, Nashville. 

A Strong Testimonial from the Cashier of the 
Merchants' Bank. 

'Phe following explains itself: Nashville. Tenn.. January 1".'. 
1894. My son graduated at Jf.nninos' Bisimss' CoLl BOB, soon 
after which he secured and is now filling' I he position of hill 
clerk with the firm of Jackson, Matthews .v. Harris, of this city. 
I can COD Aden tlv recommend this school to every young man 
who desires a husiness education. I regard it as one of the 
very best ill the country. J IMK8 McLaI GH1 IN, 

Cashier Merchants' Hank. 

$100 PER MONTH. 

This is the Result of a Business Course in 
Jennings' College. 

W. s. Corbett, who graduated a few days ago from Jennings' 
Business College, writes from Crockett Mills, Tenn. Feb. 8, 
1894: "I am keeping hooks here for Robertson & Hamlett, 

hut I am offered a position in Memphis at $100 per month, 
which I shall accept. My time in your school was well spent. 
and you see 1 have good reasons for saying to any young man 

that he could not do Letter than take a ionise in Jennings' 
College." When this young man came to Nashville to enter 
a husiness college he made inquiries among husiness men, as 
all should do before entering any husiness college, and this is 
the result. 


XTbe IRasbvtlle Hmcrican, the veteran, and 




The old, old American, ever true to the people of the South, under it»- new management with 
Hon. .7. 14. Head, President, oontlnnee it< helpful Influence t" the Vfteran in the liberal 

<pirit manifested by tin- above club rate. 


mil estate $\w § fcatticr (l i,'s 

Honesty. Solidity. Durability. 


The Greatest Southern System. 

The route <>f the Qreat Washington and 
Southwestern Vestlbuled Limited, composed 
only of Pullman Vestlbuled sleeping and 
Dining Cars, solid to and from New York, 
Including Through Vestlbuled Sleepers be- 
tween N«'« i Orleans and New York via Mont- 
gomery, Atlanta, rharlotte. Danville, 
lottesvllle and Washington. tVlso the " r. B. 
Great Fast Mall." with Through Pullman 
Sleepers, saving twelve hours between New 
York and Montgomery, without change; 
triple daily trains between the Kast and At- 


via Birmingham, the short and direct route 
East and weet. All * 'nnfederalep BOlOg to 
the Confederate Reunion, at Birmingham, 
should see that their tickets rend via the 
Georgia Pacific Railway and Richmond & 
iistirllle Railroad. 

w. A. TrBK, 
General Passenger Agent. Washington. D. C. 
Ant. s. H. Habpwick. 

General Passenger Agent, Atlanta, Oa, 

A Good Point. 
Why should yon be idle for one hour? No use in the world 
for it. Every moment of the working pari of cadi day ought 
to be employed. The busy people are the happy people. B. F. 
Johnson & Co., of Richmond, Va., are offering in to-day's paper 
to show von how to turn every hour into solid cash, 




Still Open. 


The 'ill model DEN8M0RE is the Lest typewriter now 

made. Pronounced by users everywhere to be the "World's 
Greatest," and a trial by the side of any other machine on the 
market will prove it .... 


Lightest Touch to Keys. 

Perfect Alignment. 

Powerful Manifolder. 

Paper Fed Backward as Easily and Accurately as 

Strength of Material and Excellence of Workman- 

Write for our catalogue. 

CHAS. E. GIRARDEAU, General Dealer, 

203 Union Street, NASHVILLE, TENN. 

JOHN ESTEN COOK'S Works of Eleven II Volumes. 

Our offer In tin' Fall was bo eagerlj <l bo many kind 

letters received from p tor offering this eel of ma 

.1 BUCb tETonll.v r«'«liice«l prices 
thai we have decided to continue the offer until the present stoob i* 
exhausted. We have onls thirty-four ' after tbi 

gone we will have no more. These beautiful volumes pres* r 
mosl charming manner thai wonderfu itlon in 

t he South. 

Regular Price for 1 1 Volumes, $ 1 6.50 
Our Price for 1 1 Volumes $ 9.00 

Payable 12.00 on delivery of complete sets, 

days until paid for. Order at onci sentbyexpi 






charles mitchell, 

Baker and Confectioner. 

Orders for Weddings and Parties Promptly Filled. 

Home-made Candles Freeh Dally. 

323 Union Street, Nashville, Tend. 






Leather Woven Link BeltT 


Leather • Pulley • Covering^ 



Ward Seminary, ' 

Conservatory of Music School of Fine Arts. 
For catalogue and Information, address, 
D. BLANTON. President, Nashville, Tenn. 



£ W 

1 m 


a "J 

o> r- 

\lv exhibit of Seeds and Garden Vegetables' was awarded several Premiums and a 
Speeial Diploma iiv Piedmont Exposition Judges in 1891. Encouraged by this Buccess, 

[gent i [lection of 8eed8 to the World's Pair, and was awarded Medal and Diploma 

for best collection there. This is inch indorsement, for the Seed met In com pet it ion 
those great seed houses of this country, i>nt mine got there beautifully. I have had 



T. J. KING, Richmond, Va, 




We Have What She Wants, and We Sell Reasonably. 




There never was a better Beer brewed, and never before has any 
Beer obtained such a reputation in so short a time, as 


The proof, of course, is 
in the drinking. Try it. 
Convince yourself. 


$12.00 to $35.00 a week can 

be mad.- working for us. Parties preferred 
who can furnish a horse and travel through 
the country : a team, though. Is not tieetssary. 
\ few vacancies In town* and cities. Men 
ami women of good character will tlnd this 
an exceptional opportunity for profitable 
employment. Spare hours may be used to 
good advant 

B. I . JOHNSON A CO., 11th ami Main Sts., 
RICHMOND, V A. l-'tM-lv 


I ■, ,,- eggs s nti beauty. 

LIGHT BR VHMAS, for early brollt 

Eggs, 81.50 for [5. 

Stock for -air In the fall. II 

Address MRS. T. E. McDANIEL. Smith's Grove, Ky, 

•• Fine Shoes •• 

ADAPTBD To a I.I. was 1 -. 

Trunks, Traveling Bags and Umbrellas. 
Moderate Prices Best Goods. 

Dental Department 

Sixteenth Annual Session 

Will begin October ~. is:>:s. and continue un- 
til Latter part of February. 

Infirmary, Southeast enrner llroud and High 
Btreets, Is oowopen for tbe reception of pa- 
tients. Patients win be charged only for ma- 
terial used in operations. Competent In- 
structors always present to direct the work. 

infirmary open from 9 a. m. to 4 p. m. 

ll-emos. R. B. LEES, M. D., D.D.S., Dean. 


for partlculs 

To BUY all kinds of 
stamps, used or new, 
and Confederate mon- 
ey. Bend 2 cent stamp 

TIIF VHKKAX. l\'n*tlMilli*. 




, Bleeding, 






coto.. VOGEL'S 



233 North Summer Street. 
.Nashville. Term. 


318' 2 Union St., Nashville, Tenn. 
Jun-ly Tet.kiim.nk 588. 




fll '-".l 319 UNION STREET. 




Is the 


In the 


It will Cure 

A Man 

or his kind more certainly and more 
rapidly than any other Liniment on 
earth, of Rheumatism, Pains, Swell- 
ings, Bruises, Sprains, Soreness, 
Stiffness, Sore Throat or Chest, Pain 
in Back and Joints. Corns, Warts 
and Bunions, InsectBites and Stings, 
Frostbite, Cramps, Aches, Cuts and 
Wounds. It will as surely cure 

A Horse 

or his kind of Spavin, Splint, Ring- 
bone, Windgalls, Puffs, Swin- 
ey, Scratches, Swellings, Bruises, 
Sprains, Hurts-Cuts. Wounds, Sore- 
ness, Stiffness, Knots, Harness and 
Saddle Hurts. 

SPURLOCK, NEAL & CO.. Nashville, Tenn. 

The Editor's Investigation, 

Home Testimonials Dr. Yowell's 

Mn. Editor— Foi th< past tweotj yean I 
suffered from oancer of the face. Con- 
Bultod the mosl learned Burgeons of this 
country, and have tried alnio iiowd 

rented; without effect. M> home physicians 
said li would kill me, and my experience 
taught me the seal of death «n- stamp* 
my face. I am now BOyeara old. Havi 
a practicing physician in Nashville for fifteen 
years, having retired a yeat ago on ae- 
oount of my disease. With doubl and with- 
out hope l consulted Drs. Reynolds, discov- 
erers of the Oil Cure, l was pleased to And 
tin-in honorable physicians and Burgeons, 
calculated to Inspire hope In the hearts of 
Buffering humanity. After thlrt; days' ap- 
plication <>f the Palnlese Oils I am almost 
well, a large ecbar remaining, showing the 
once diseased condition. Hoping my Bbotl 
letter «iii save the Hi as of man] . I am, 
i hfnlly you re, 
Db. .1. B. ^ "" i 
1221 n. Vine St., Nasbi Hie, I 
editor 'if the Vbtbrab la well nc- 
quainted with l>r. Yowell, and would 
any statement from him. 

I'., mi Press [am a toll-gate keeper, have 
Buffered Blnce 1888 with fistula, and hav 
totally unable to work. Like all men. I hesi- 
tated iiiwtiii- fur the Oil Cure. I oalli 
l>rs. Reynolds six months ago and 
i meon tbe oils, [am working 
day. Have n. in examined by physii 
and pronounced well, I»d^ ifferer 

to emplo] tl li groat remedy. I suffered nu 
pain from tbe treatment, I "Mi be alad to 
write to all afflicted, Joskph a. Peach, 
Franklin. Tt no. 

Hon, S/eal Brown, of San Saba, Tex., writes: 
After Buffering (a with five eating 

cancers, involving andmoutb, 

I learned of Drs. Reynolds' "ii Cure, and if 
my infallibleindorsement can establish trntb 
thousands can be s ; i\ed pain, torment and 

Mr. I,. M. whiiiikir. of Sunday Times, 
Nashville, recommends the <'ii Cure for ca- 
tarrh : The mosl pleasant, safes! and shortest 
road in recovery, and ii affords me treat 
ure to commend Drs. Reynolds to suffer- 
ing humanity as skilled physicians. at] 
hearing has been restored. 

Wilbur! i erofSnow-CburchCo., 

Baxter Court, Nashville, says: After suffering 
iw> nt> years with catarrh of head, hum and 
throat, the baneof my existence, I consider 
the Oil tun- tbe greatest discovery of tbe 
nineteenth century, and having been person- 
ally acquainted with l>rs. Reynolds overs 
year. I recommend them as honorable phy- 
sicians. I am well. 

in- Rej : perfected the Oil ( lure 

for tbe treatment of consumption, catarrh, 
oancer, lupus, ulcers, i-i !--s. fistula, eczema, 
sen if n la. rheumatism, Brighfs disease, womb 

diseases, and all inflammatory diseases of the 
eye, ear, nose, and throat: nervous debility 
and excesses treated on the most seientitie 
prineiples. Call on oraddress Drs. Reynolds, ' 
H9 North Spruce Street, Nashville, Tenn. 



Attorney and Counsellor at Law. 


Invitee correspondence from readers of 
rn;i\ having business In this pari of 

the State. m/.. 





119 N. Market St.. Nashville, Tenn. 

SoUdU Correxpondriire . Tetrj>h>":- 

All Kinds of Brushes to Order. 

Nashville Brush Factory, 

I-, i.i r LSOIt, l'KOPKIt ' 


112 South Market Mreet. NASHVILLE. TENN). 


■ h. 



Tricycles. Velocipedes. Kir.. Rmp Hull. 

I . ■■»!■- A (rnqllfl *<•!•.. II I. 

HrlflRl nuil Konvenir Present,. 

M"M.\ II. orders solicited and carefully filled 


309 < ..II.-. fc|., .VRshvillr. Trnn. 




BflBorof tbe 

" rnabrnik-' 

A Dictionary <>f 
English, ' 

A Grand Educator 
'■ Abreast of the Times 
A Library in Itself 

i Invaluable in tbe 
household, and to tbe 
teacher, pn flf< 
man, self-edu< 

t Ask your Bookseller to show it tn you. 

■■■ EERIA-MCO.,8prisofikldJI >".,T\S.a. 
fc oy Send for free prospec tus containing specimen 
l papes. illustrations, testimonials, etc 

ay Do not buy reprints of ancient editions. 



W. C. COLLIER, Tr.sldent. 

POPE TAYLOR Vice President. J. K. HAHT, Secretary nnd Treasurer. 


W. C. Collier Grocery Company, 



Nos. 601 and 603 Church Street. NASHVILLE, TENN. 

MAXWELL HOUSE, Nashville, Te 






.!""-& HA'I'KS. 3J..W 
to 85.00 per day 

K. BLACK. Malinger. 

4 -Pos-i-tive-ly-12 

1,. ii?. l\ "*;P . ':>'"" T method of leaching Bookkeeping Is equal 
»»¥! w KKKS bj the old style. POSITIONS GUARAN- 

"•'•" under certain conditions. Our "free" 56 and BOpace cata- 
logue win explain all. Bend tor them. 

Draughon's Business College and 

School of Shorthand and Telegraphy, 


i < i ,, i? A, \ ,, °\ K,> - KoVacation. Eater at any time. \rtiiress 
i. K Draughon, President Nashville, Tenn. 

^Fosters Webb, 

Blank Books, 

211 CHURCH ST., 

We make a specialty of printing for Confederate Camps and other 
Veteran organizations. 

We have in our possession electros of all Confederate Mags, which 
may he printed in colors on stationery, etc. 

The Confederate Vktekan is printed by our establishment and 

Is submitted ;is a specimen of our work. 


ou bavi n'l laid In your supply of flower 
seed don't buy any annual*; we propose to 
supply you with nil you will want (200 vari- 
eties FKEE. We do ii simply to call your 
attention to something betti r, which to see 
• to want. The brightest and best ot pet 1- 
odleals for the home ls"WOMAN" a large 
Illustrated monthly, as bright as a new pin 

and as charming as a Bprlng I net. it is 

brim lull ..I everything a woman minis to 
know, mill will brine sunshine to the borne 
the year round. It [scut toflt and to please 
woman, the home-maker. Now for our offer: 
Bend us ten cents (stamps -ir Bllver) and we 
will Bend you WOM IH two months on trial 
and, m addition, will send you 200 varie- 
ties of 


This offer is fo 
Don't i • ■ 1 1 n off 
receh e the si ed a tid 

Immediate acceptance. 
■ I to-day, and you will 
Woman prompt ly. 


-'" ' : ''"-' RICHMOND. VA 



Russian and Turkish Baths 


Knights of Dixie. 

w : ■ 1 1 1 . . ] a number n( ex-Confed- 
erates to act as organizers for the 
"Knights of Dixie" in territories 
not already taken, " Dixie " Is a 
purely Boutbern society, lis se- 
pret work Isof a high and elevat- 
ing character, and recalls mem- 
ones ol the sacred past. 
Address Col. W. Sparling, Sup. Recorder 

«« Aaoressuc 


I*" r ■ ^ »;; 

No. 317 Church Street, Nashville, Tenn. 



I'KACTICAI, . I I \\ I I I It. 

215' ._. Union St . up stairs. 


References, "Capt. E. w. Avereii is a 
member In good standing of Cheatham Biv- 
ouac, U. C. V., T. D. Jno. P. Hickman, 

mar-lyr •' Srcrelai-y." 


^iJr^S^v ON EARTH. 

.. < on i \ s .. 
BRITISH (oh.ii 

Positively the Best made. BAUSAM. 


HYAM COHEN, Pharmacist & Chemist, Waxahatchlejx 


n CO 



Ol c 


Horse Shoeing of all kinds Neatly Done. 


Dr. Roberg's Patent Hoof Expander, 
For the oureand prevention of Contraction, 

Quarter ('nicks. Corns, etc 

&-fcAv* Great EYE RESTORER and 

'< -vj * CATARRH CURE. 

inns Sore Eyes, Weak Eyes, Cataracts, 
Pterygium, Deafness. Neuralgia, Bronchi- 
tis, Sore Throat, Hay Fever, Asthma, Colds 
and Coughs. Perfect little pock' i battery] 
II- ii h .lei rleal and chemical in its eileet. 

Dictionary of Diseases, treatment nnd testi- 
monials i KEKon application. 


435 South St., Springfield, Mo 



Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 

Published Monthly in the Interest of Confedi j/rsHsr u 7 Kindred Topics 

Price In Cekts. 
Yearly S1.00 

} Vol. II. Nashville, Tenn., March, ^94. 8tcorner ™«b. 3. { &A - ( SSJS HA " 

Hbc Jachct of (3va\\ 

Fold it up carefully, lay it :isi«i«' ; 

Tenderly touch It, look "ii il With pride; 

Por dear must it be to oar hearts evermore, 
Tin' Jacket ol gray mir loved soldier boj wore. 

ran we ever rorgel when be joined the brave 


Who rose In defense of our dear Southern land, 
And in ins bright youth harried on to the frnv- 
How proudly in- donned it -the jacket of graj I 

m- fond mother blessed blm and looked up 

Commending to Heaven the child of her love; 
What anguish was tier's, mortal tongue oannol 

saj . 
When he passed from her sight in the Jacket, ol 


Hut her country had called, and she would not 

Though costls the sacrifice placed on its shrine ; 
tier heart 's dearest iH>i>es ,,n its altar she lay, 
Winn she si'nt nut her boy in the jacket of graj . 

Blonths passed ami Mai's thunder rolled over 

the land. 
Unsheathed was the sword, ami lighted the 

brand ; 
We heard in the distance the sounds ol tin' fray. 
Ami prayed forourboj in the Jacket of graj . 

All ! vain. all. all vain were our prayers and nur 


The glad slmnl of Victory rang in nur ears ; 
tint nur treasured one on the nil battlefield lay, 

While the life-blOOd OOBed OUl on the jacket of 


His you ug comrades found him, and tenderly 

Til lid, lifeless fill 111 tO hlS home bj the si,,, re; 

Dh, dark were our hearts on that terrible day, 
When wesawourdead boy in the Jacket of gray. 

All : spi itt eii ami tattered, ami stained now with 

Was the garment which once he so proudly wore; 

We til'lv w -pt as we took it away, 

A ml replaced with death's white n.i.e t he jaeket 
of gray. 

We laid him to rest in his cold narrow I. '.1, 
Ami graved on the marble we placed o'er his 

lira. I. 

As the proudest i tbuteour sad hearts could pay, 
lie in \ 11 disgraced the jacket of sray. 

Then fold it up carefully, lay it aside. 

Tenderlj touch it. look on it with pride; 
For dear must It be to our hearts evermore, 
The Jaeket of gray our loved soldier hoy w ore ! 

—Mrs. C. A. Ball, Charleston, S. C. 


There will be printed 

12,000 Copies of the 

April "Veteran.' 

ADVERTISEMENTS will be given an in- 
sertion in that issue and in the SOUVENIR 
at the rate of 53.00 per inch. 

B. H. ST1EF JEWELRY CO. Position Guaranteed ! 

I'm.-. ! 



i n 1 1 ...hi]. .tii ion in Quantity, Quality, Styu 
ami I'm. e, "i their 

Diamonds, Watches, Jewelry, 


Class and Society Badges and Gold Medals a Specialty 



JAMES B. CARR, Manager. 

Can deposit your money for tuition In iiank till ixkNiilon is 
secured and accepted. This uDer is made to all who enter for gu«r- 
anii ourse in 

Draughon's Consolidated Practical Business College 

and School of Shorthand and Telegraphy, 


N.. Text-booh n*c<l on Book-keeping. 

Three weeks by our practical method ol teaching 1 k-keeplng 

is equal to twelve uicks by the old style. Eleven «h Faculty. 
Bes1 patronized Business College in the Bouth. < - he:»|i Hoard. Bend 
for " free'" Illustrated lair BO-page catalogue, which will explain 
why we rati afford to guarantee positions, and why other schools 
can not. It also -n .■* taii-s ..f tuition, board, etc. Address, 
o, J. 1'. DKAUQHOK, I're»i<loii(. Nashville. Trim. 



The only school in the South devoted exclusively to the training of young ladies and gentlemen in Shorthand anil Typewriting. The 
Academy 1b under the personal direction of a veteran teacher and reporter— a veteran in a double sense, having commenced the study of 
phonography thirty years ago, while a prisoner of war in Hock Island, Illinois. 

Ci atlr Jo r d SvStem TaUCht Send for handsome Souvenir Catalogue, containing much valuable information about short- 


hand. Systems reviewed, comparisons made, deductions drawn. 




We are determined to put the lives of our 
great heroes in the homes of the people. 




By that prince of men, 


Every man ami boy in th<- Southland should read tin- thrilling story "f this matchless hern's sti-u^le from nhsi nrity t" 
immortal fame. He stands in history like unto Oresar and Alexander, Washington and Napoleon. 

This book is written in the must thrilling style. It has been sold at $2.50. We will furnish it, post-paid, at $1.50, and will 
furnish free, with each order, the great picture 


reproduced in exact colors. It is a wonderful picture ami will he appn ciated in tiny home. 

In addition to the picture, we will give to the first ten (10), who order this book, a gold and enamel (in colors) Confederate 
flag Scarf Pin. Address, 


153-155 South Spruce St., NASHVILLE, TENN. 


Qotyfederat^ l/eterap. 

Published Monthly in the Interest of Confederate Veterans and Kindred Topics. 

Price, in Cents. i V-.1 TT 
Ykaki I VOL 11. 

Nashville, Tknn., March, 1S94. 


I Proprietor. 

Enteric! :it thePostoffice, Nashi ille. Tenn.. as Becond-cl :i^ mutter 

Advertisements: Two dollars per lncb one 

cent last page. page, one time, 10. Discount: Half year, 

One-issue; one rear, two issues. This is an Increast >>u formei 

Contributors will bleat Tin spaot 

important foi any thing thai lias not ttpeclal merit. 

The date to -ui la always given to the month i- 

en<ls. For instance, lr the Vbtbras be ordered to begin with Janu- 
ary, the date on mall list will he December, and the suhs.rii • 
ilea to that number. 

Tbougb men deserve, 
They may not win suet 

I'h. brai t will honor lie hra\ e. 

Vanquished Done the It bs. 

Ok this issue "f tlif Veteran ten thousand five hun- 
dred copies arc printed. It is expected that the next 
number, April, will l>e twelve thousand, the la 
number yet printed. Advertisements wil] l" printed 
in it and in the Souvenir both for three dollars pt i 
inch. Don't wait for solicitors, but apply at once. 

The Soovenib will contain the cream of the illus- 
trations and articles that appeared in the Confeder- 
ate Veteran during the past year, hence a valuable 

addition to the library of every Southern home. The 
publication will doubtless be the most popular ever 
issued in the South. As an advertising medium it is 
commended. It will he read, reread ami preserved 
with care by a class of persons largely consisting of 
those who have money to spend, therefor.' an adver- 
tisement in the Souvenir will have a permanent value. 
In times of financial stringency like the present it is 
Wise to be careful in selecting advertising mediums. 

Too late for this issue comes the correction of St v- 
eral errors in Camp officials. There are more from 
Tennessee than the other States. To be supplied are 
numbers 367 ami 432, then from 440 to 16] consecu- 
tively. Please report all corrections due. SO that the 
veteran list at Birmingham may he fault 

Increased interest will lie had in the article by Rev. 
J. H. MoNeilly on "Last Days of the Confederacy," 
by the statement that the proof was submitted to Mrs. 
Jefferson ]>avis, who replied, "Acceptable, accurate, 

and absolutely true." 

<i. \V. t'o.iK, of Chipley, Fla.. in sending suhserip- 
tions for himself and s. M. Robertson, sny-: We both 
left .me of our arms on the battlefield, one in Tennes- 
see, the other in Virginia. 

Aiu't. Gen. H. B. Stoddard, of Bryan, publishes a 
card urging a large attendance of Texas veterans at 
the annual reunion to he held at Waco on the 5th, 6th, 
and 7th of April. The Veteran will be represented. 

It is definitely settled that the corner-stone to a 

nfederate .Monument, to bi in Capital l'ark. 

Birmingham, will be laid during the reunion in April. 

.1. T. Br. k. ot Jackson, Miss., an ordnant 
ami being at Clarksville to forward ammunition to 
Fort Donelson, escaped capture in that surrendt 
tine tribute to Maj Jacob Culbertson, who being with- 
out a command was in the fort and .lid effective tiring 
of oneof thelargt maybe Long Tom — upon the 

Federal gunboats, Maj. Culbertson died at his home 
near Jackson some years ago. leaving a family. 

Comrades in the vicinity of Dover, Tenn. Fort 
Donelson . have for a long time been trying to organ- 
ize. Last month, on the thirty-second anniversary of 
the last day's battle, a meeting was held and a la 
committee was appointed to insure success of a mi 
ing for organization the second Monday in April. All 
the people of thai section should take a pride in its 
i- Fmi Donelson is one of the most noted bat- 
tle grounds of the war. Foreign visitors to the plat • 
will conclude that all the killing at Fort Donelson was 
by Confederates, &e on the high hill in the suburbs of 
Dover, there i> a well kept cemetery of the Federal 
dead. Maybe the Union veterans will yet send up a 
t petition to the National Legislature in behalf of 
honoring the Southern hero who gave his life for his 
convictions. The Confederate dead at Donelson 
should hav. a cemetery fragrant with cultivated Mow- 
ers and made beautiful with marble and bronze. 
Comrades or others who may wish information about 
the meeting may address Dr. Steger, at Dover. 

In celebrating Washington's birthday by the South- 
ern Society of New York, speakers waxed warm in 
reply to Hon. Ahram S. Hewitt, whose comparison of 
the Southern leaders of the present with those of 
past generations was disparaging, .lames Lindsay 
Gordon of New York, a native Virginian said: "Nor 
must it he understood that Southern statesmanship 
at a discount to-day. The Treasury is guarded by a 
Southern man: the great Navy of Uncle Sam is be- 
ing built under the direction' of a Southern -tates- 
man: a Southern man is in charge of the Interior 
Department, and a Southern man presides with dig- 
nity and ability over the deliberations of the House of 
Representatives; a Southern man. great, pure and 
spotless, has been raised to the Supreme Court hench, 
and a Southern man is responsible for the new tariff 
hill. This is the record of the men of the Smith to-day. 
They are Southrons, they are statesmen, but above 
all they are American citizens.'' 




"Hurryup, boys I Don'1 you see the Colonel is put- 
ting on his sword, and negro Bob lias his horse ready! 
Hallo, you boys in that tent! Hurry up, or I'll re- 
port you to headquarters. ' 

Arc these expressions from the Orderly Sergeant 
familiar to you? And then from the Captain: "Atten- 
tion, company! Right dress! Call the roll, Sergeant." 
If so. note them now for a practical application. Sup- 
pose you had not answered to your name? Suppose 
you had not done your part as a soldier? What would 
have become of the army? You know. 

Comrades, don't forget that life is a struggle from 
the first sound of the bugle to the last "tattoo." One 
of the ordinary soldiers in the service happens to have 
the responsible charge of presenting that great epoch, 
and he is as powerless to accomplish its patriotic and 
holy purposes as would have been our army com- 
manders to win victories without the co-operation of 
the soldiers. This statement must meet your approval. 
Your reputation and the memories of your comrades 
who never returned are involved. The Veteran is 
the most important medium that has ever been printed 
to represent the principles for which you suffered. If 
it be worthy you should stand by it, and if not you 
should protest against its use of the sacred name. 
Iloll call is at hand. Do you answer, "Here?" You 
can tell by reference to the date of your subscription. 
If it indicates that your time is out you should answer, 
"Here!" If you can't pay say so, and the VETERAN 
commander will excuse you. He has a limited num- 
ber of excuses for comrades who are not prompt at 
roll-call, especially if they be cripplied from the serv- 
ice. Contrary to business rules, the Veteran will be 
sent to comrades who can't pay, as liberally as possible. 

It is useless to appeal to the noble women whose 
enthusiasm kept them animated to the end of the 
struggle. To the daughters and sons of Confederate 
soldiers who answered to their names faithfully, but 
can't do so now, the merit of this plea is made. Let 
all who believe in the good faith of Confederates rally 
now to their advocate, and the world will yet honor 
them more and more in what they did. 

This organ of the Southern soldiers in the war of 
'61-6 has been amazingly popular from the first issue. 
It was started in January, 1893, with an edition of 
5,000 copies, and for the past six months more than 
10,000 of each issue have been required to meet de- 
mands. Every public spirited and patriotic person 
South should take pride in its prominence and merit. 

Charles Todd Quint aid, Bishop of Tennessee who has 
ever been an honor to comrades at home and abroad : 

Sewanek, Tenn., March 7, 1894. — Dear Mr. Cunning- 
ham: The Confederate Veteran comes to me full of 
good things, and I wish to thank you for your faith- 
ful work in giving to the Confederate soldiers such an 

admirable and accurate record of the days that "tried 
men's souls." The typography, the illustrations, ami 
the whole "get-Up" of the paper, leave nothing to be 
desired. The editorials ami letters of correspondents 
are full of interest to one who took part in the strug- 
gle to preserve the constitutional rights of the States. 
1 am yours with all good wishes. 

Lt. < ren. S. D. Lee, Agricultural College, Miss. : I con- 
sider your last two issues as splendid, and had made 
up my mind to write you especially commending the 
February number. The material is just what it ought 
to be, and 1 wish you eminent success in your work. 
I wish you had started such a monthly ten years ago. 

Nashville Christian Advocate, organ of the M. E. 
Church, South, .March 15: The Confederate Veteran, 

Nashville, Tenn., S. A. Cunningham, editor, is well on 
the way into its second year. From the first number 
it has been a pronounced success, lt is patriotic and 
progressive. Cheerfully accepting the present, it at 
the same time loyally clings to the memories of the 
past. * * * We do not see how any old Confeder- 
ate can get along without this periodical. 

K. H. Adams. Adjutant. Radford. Va.. March •">. 1 894 : 
At a meeting of (L C. Wharton Camp, No. 28, Con- 
federate Veterans, Department of Virginia, the follow- 
ing resolutions were unanimously adopted: 

Whereas, the Confederate Veteran, published at 
Nashville, Tenn., by our esteemed comrade, S. A. Cun- 
ningham, is a faithful and true expounder of the 
principles dear to us, and for which Lee fought and 
Jackson died; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That G. C. Wharton Camp, No. 28, Con- 
federate Veterans, Department of Virginia, express 
our gratitude to comrade Cunningham for such a wel- 
come visitor. 

Resolved, That this Camp hereby adopts the Confed- 
erate Veteran as its official organ. 

Capt. R. D. Smith, Columbia, Tenn.: On March 7th 
we had a very satisfactory meeting of our old Bivouac. 
the first that has been held since March, 1891. We 
reorganized, and by unanimous vote made the VET- 
ERAN our official organ. On the 17th of this month a 
mass meeting is to lie held to perfect the organization 
of the county association. 

J. A. Smith, of Kaufman, Texas, in a letter of Feb- 
ruary 27111. inclosing 810 for ten subscriptions to the 
Veteran, names his mess-mates of Company A. Ith 
Tennessee Cavalry, and wishes to hear from them. 
They are, J. 1*. Tippit, Bass Marlin, Dave. Stanley 
and Tom Ivey. He was known as " Little Bret" Smith. 

P. F. Lewis, of Aurora, Texas, inquires of Henry 
Dennis, who was about thirty-live years old, was 
wounded and being cared for near the line of Loui- 
siana when he last heard from him. Does not even 
know Dennis' command. 

Among matters deferred for April Veteran are notes 
about the Stonewall Jackson medals, of which much 
has been published, and about which some contro- 
versy as to ownership exists. 

A great many official indorsements by Camps will 
be acknowledged in the April Veteran. 




His prominence in Confederate 

matters makes this personal and 
official sketch all the more inter- 

Gen. Win. L. Cabell was horn in 
Danville, Va. ? Jan. 1. 1827. He was 
the third child of Gen. Benj. W. 
S. and Sarah Eppes Cabell, who 
lived to see seven sons and two 
daughters grown, six sons held 
prominent positions in the Con- 
federate Army. The seventh, 1 »r. 
Powhattan Cabell, died from the 
effect of an arrow wound received 
in Florida just before the Confed- 
erate War began. 

Gen. Cabell entered the Military 
Academy at West Point in June, 
1846. graduating in 1850. He en- 
tered the United States Army as 
Second Lieutenant, and was as- 
signed to the 7th Infantry. In 
June, l s -'>">, he was promoted to 

First Lieutenant and made Regi- 
mental Quartermaster of thai reg- 
iment. In March. 1858, he was 
made Captain in the Quartermas- 
ter's Department and ordered on 
duty on Gen. Pessifer F.Smith's 

Stall", who was then in command 

of the Utah Expedition. After 
Gen. Smith's death Gen. Hat 
assumed command, and Capt. Ca- 
bell remained on Gen. Harney's 

staff until the close of the expe- 
dition, when he was ordered to re- 
build Fort Kearney. In the spring 

Of I s "''- 1 he was ordered to Fort Arluicklein the Chick- 
asaw Nation, and in the fall of that year to build a new- 
post about KKI miles west of Arbuckle. high u]> on 
the Washita River in the Indian country. 

When the war became inevitable Cant. Cabell re- 
paired to Fort Smith. Ark., and from there went to 
Little Rock and offered his sen ices to the Governor of 
the State. On receipt of a telegram from President 
Davis he went to Montgomery. Ala., then the Confed- 
erate Capital. Capt. Cabell reached Montgomery April 

19th, where he found the acceptance of his resigna- 
tion from the United States Army, signed by Presi- 
dent Lincoln. 

He was at once commissioned as Major under the 
Confederate < Government, and under orders from Presi- 
dent Davis left on April 21st for Richmond to organ- 
ize the Quartermaster Commissary and Ordnano De- 
partments. He remained in Richmond attending to 
all these duties until .Tune 1, 1861, when he was or- 
dered to Manassas to report to Gen. Beauregard as 
Chief Quartermaster of the Army of the Potomac. 

After the battles of the 18th and 19th of July Gen. 
Joseph E. Johnston assumed command and Major 
Cabdl served on his staff until January 15, 1862, when 
he was relieved and ordered to report fc> Gen. Albert 
Bidney Johnston, then in command of the Army of 
the West. He was assigned to Gen. Van Dorn in thj? 

Trans-Mississippi Department, with headquarters then 
at Ja< ksonport, Ark. 

He was next promoted to the rank of Brigadier 
General, and assigned to command of all the troops 
on White River, where he In Id the enemy in check 
until after the battle of Elk Horn, March 6th and 7th. 
After that battle the army was transferred to th< 
side of the Mississippi. The removal of this army, 
which included Price's Missouri and McCulloch'e Ar- 
kansas, Louisiana and Texas troops, and his own com- 
mand, devolved on Gen. Cab,. 11. and was performed 
within a single week from points along White River. 

Van CornV Armv continued, after reaching Mem- 
phis, to Corinth, and Gen Cabell was I I" a 
Texas brigade with an Arkansas regiment attached. 
He commanded this brigade in several engagements 
around Fannington and Corinth, and commanded the 
rear of Van Coin's Army on the retreat from Corinth 

to Tupelo. 

Gen. Bragg's Army was ordered to Kentucky 
Gen. Cabell was transferred to an Arkansas brigade, 
which he commanded in the battles of Iuka and Sal- 
tillo in September, and at Corinth on October2 and :'.. 
1862, also at Hatchie Bridge on the 4th of October. 
He was wounded leading the charge of his brigade on 
the breastworks at Corinth, and also at Hatchie Bridge, 
which disabled him from command. What was hit 



of his command was temporarily assigned to the 1st 
Missouri Brigade under Gen. Brown. He was ordered 
to the Trans-Mississippi I lepartment to recuperate and 
inspect the Staff Departments of that army. 

When sufficiently recovered for duty in the Geld be 
was, February, 1863, placed in command of all the 
forces in Northwest Arkansas, with instructions to 
augment bis command by recruits from every pari of 
the State. He was very successful, and organized one 
of the largest cavalry brigades west of the Mississippi. 
He commanded this brigade in more than twenty bat- 
< >n the raid into Missouri under Gen. Price he 
was captured in the open field near Mine Creek inOc- 
tober, 1864, and was taken to Johnson Island i in Lake 
Erie . and later to Fort Warren near Boston, until re- 
leased August 28, 1865. 

Gen. Cabell went from Boston to New York, and 
thence to Austin. Texas. He subsequently lived at 
Fort Smith, Ark., and engaged in the practice of law 
until he moved to Dallas, Texas, in Decemher, 1872. 
He was Chairman of the Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee in Arkansas, and Chairman of the Arkansas 
Democratic delegation that went to the Baltimore 
Convention which nominated Horace Greely for the 
Presidency. He was four times elected Mayor of Dal- 
las; was a delegate from the State of Teisas to the 
Convention that nominated Mr. Tilden in St. Louis 
and President Cleveland at Chicago in 1S84 and 1892. 
He served as U. S. Marshal under President Cleve- 
land's first administration. 

Gen. Cabell is Lieutenant General of the Associa- 
tion of United Confederate Veterans, commanding 
the Trans-Mississippi Department, embracing all the 
country west of the Mississippi River. He is ever 
zealous in forwarding their interests. 

Gen. Cabell married the daughter of Maj. Elias 
Rector, of Arkansas, a woman of great intelligence and 
courage, and noted for her ready wit. During the 
war she followed her husband and did much to re- 
lieve the sick and wounded. Her name was " Shingo," 
an Indian name, meaning "Little Bird," and the sol- 
diers thought no name so sweet or more appropriate 
as she came from near or far to answer their cries for 
aid when in distress. His oldest son Hen. K. Cabell, 
was Deputy U. S. Marshal under his father, and is 
now Sheriff of Dallas County, Texas, being the young- 
est man ever elected to that oilice in the county. 
Three other sons, all noble boys, and one married 
daughter, Mrs. J. R. Currie, whose husband is a Mis- 
sissippian, form his household and share his love for 
the South, and prize her noble and wonderful history. 

A Georgia private tells a thrilling story of Sergeant 
Oakley, who "carried the colors of his regiment two 
hundred yards in front of the line" at Murfreesboro, 
December :il, 1862. He did this, and waved it con- 
spicuously to determine whether a certain battery was 
Confederate or Federal. After showing the colors to 
assure the identity of his command he deliberately 
returned with them to his line. In June of the next 
year Gen. Leonidas Folk was on an inspection, and 
when at the 1th Tennessee Regiment he called for the 
Color-bearer, when he ungloved his hand and said, 
"I must shake hands with you." Then raising his 
hat, the General continued with gnat feeling and real 
martial eloquence: "I am proud to uncover in the 
presence of so great a man." The effect was fine, and 
a great shout rent the air. 

Gen. E. D. Hall, of Wilmington, Department Com- 
7nander of North Carolina, is very much the type of 
Old Hickory. He raised the first volunteer company 
in that section, if not in the State, and arrived at Ma- 
nassas just at the close of that memorable victory 
July 21, '61. Soon after this he was appointed Major 
of the 7th North Carolina Regiment, and so acquitted 
himself in the battle of New Berne that he was elected 
Colonel of the 46th North Carolina, although a per- 
sonal stranger, even to its officers. His regiment was 
put in Walker's brigade, afterward famous as Cook's 
brigade, and it is said they were in every battle in 
Lee's army. Gen. Cook was wounded several times, so 
that Col. Hall, being senior Colonel, had to take the 
command. This he did at Sharpsburg, Fredericks- 
burg, Mary's Heights, and Bristow Station. He de- 
clined the appointment of Brigadier General, although 
A. P. Hill insisted upon it, in loyalty to his friend's 
i Gen. Cook) approaching recovery. In December, 
1864, he resigned active service an account of disabil- 
ity. After his health improved he was elected to the 
Senate. He took strong ground, when necessary, in 
behalf of his people in the period of reconstruction. 
He was nominated as Lieutenant Governor and can- 
vassed the State, but with 25,<K>() white people dis- 
franchised and the ballot given to the negroes, there 
was no chance for success. (Jen. Hall has ever been 
zealous for the old veterans, and may be credited with 
getting pensions from the State, lie was unanimously 
elected President of the North Carolina Veteran Asso- 
ciation. In their reunions Gen. Hall has secured re- 
markable favors, so much so that veterans could at- 
tend practically without money or price. 




The pathetic plea by Capt. J. N. Sloan, of Pom 

Mis-., has had attention in various sections. The Vkt- 

ekan is pleased to note the following contributions 

From Nashville, Tenn., Capt. Thos. Gibson $ .50 

From Goodlettsville. Trim., ('apt. .1. « ». Bass, $1; .1. N. 
Crosswy, $1; W. B. Clark, fl; K. A. Cartwright, 60 

cents: B. F. Myers, 60 cents 5 00 

From Morgan City. La., Malcolm Fraserprocured from 
father, brother and sister, $•_' ; D. W. Ha vs. >•_': Susie 

Vinson,*- 1 ; Edwin E. Roby,$l ' 00 

From St. James. La., \V. B. Calhoun, |2.60; .lames K. 
Tucker, $5; Dr.B.F.Chappin,$2.60; John A. Mil 
|1: Kmil, $1 ; F!Green,$5; M. McMeana 20 00 
From Tolu, Ky., K. A. Moore, in 10 and 26 " DtB contri- 


From Baltimore, Md., George Savage 2 00 

From Sharon, Tenn., E. T. Hollis and others 2 SO 

From 1 .allatin, Tenn.. .1. W. Blackmore 

From Jacksonville, Fla., John A. Brittain l 00 

From Mount Pleasant, Tenn., Mrs. Lero Long 4 00 

In commenting upon the Bubject the Goodlettsville 

parties regard it as worthy a plea as was ever made. 

.1. Mai. Fras.r. of Morgan City, La., writes that his 
little Jtfalcolm, eleven years old, procured the - 

the 1 family. He sent the other amounts. 

Folger Green, of St. .lame-. I, a. .St. Patrick, P, 
in sending 120, says he is without doubt of ii- right 
appreciation, and adds, "Some of us have fought ami 

bled, while others are sons of father- who 'stood the 

R. A. Moore, of Tolu. Ky.. Bends $3.75 from "dime 
collections," Btarted while a few friends sat by the fire 
in his store, of the contributors there were three 
who were Federal soldiers, two of whom gave 25 cents 
each. Mr. Moon Suggests that ten cents collections he 
started in every village, ami adds that the result would 
be amazing, and Capt. Sloan he put above want. 

E. T. Hollis, who sends for himself ami others at 
Sharon, Tenn., 12.50, says that reading the Vet] 
"arouses strong love and sympathy for all old rehs." 

(ieorge Savage, Esq., in remitting, from Baltimore, 
?'_', and adds, I have read with sympathetic heart his 
appeal, and wish I could do more for the brave and 
worthy old soldier. Mr. Savage served as private in 
Otey's Battery, Army of Northern Virginia. 

J. A. Brittain, Jacksonville, Fla., quotes the beautiful 
sentence. "Let us share what we have, a- we did our 

Mrs. I. em Long adds her "mite," $4. 

In his acknowledgments for these favors Capt. Sloan 
writes: " Please tender my grateful and sincere thanks 
bo each contributor. May God bless them!" Again. 
in accepting the remittances from St. .lames. La., and 
Tolu. Ky., he says. " I pray t.od's richest blessings on 
each and all." 

The $150 referred to as given by his State was a con- 
tribution by members of the State Legislature. The 
VETERAN has procured for him only about $100 so far, 
and it ought to he at least $1,000. 

Dr. Wm. M. Vandell of El Paso, Texas, Bends this 

comforting postscript to letter. He is a member of John 
C. Brown Camp: "OurJCamp gave $10, and Ferrell 
and myself, as committee, raised SoC.l'.".. total STii.'Jo. 
for t'apt. Sloan. Will send you note of it when 1 
collect it all." 

Maj. W. 1'. Gorman, agent of (amp Hardee, has 

ten out a neat circular to the coming reunion, which 
ling broadcast over the country, giving in- 
formation about hotel and railroad ral 

Adjutant Browne, of Paducah, Ky.: In the pr< 
husiness. or want of it. or something, I have neglected 
to advise you that our Camp has unanimously voted 

the VETERAN an indorsement a- its organ. 


Frederick S. Ferguson is a native of 1 1 initsville, 
Ala., was graduated at the Wesleyan University, Flor- 
ence. Ala., in July, 1859, and until the war taught 
school ami studied law. In January, 1861, he was 
with the expedition commanded by Col. Lomaz, 
which captured the navy yard and forts at Pensacola, 
Florida, and soon afterward was appointed Sec. ml 
Lieutenant of artillery in the regular regiment raised 
by A la ha m a and transferred to the< onfederacy. Hav- 
ing passed the examination tor a comi as an 
ordnance officer, hi served in artillery, and was staff 
officer to Gens. Gardner, Higgins and Page. Luring 
the -1 ige of Fort Morg ommanded one of its 
Latteries with the rank of Captain, and was captured 
with its garrison in August. 1864, from which time 
until June, 1865, lie was ; i prisoner at Fort Lafayette. 
X. Y., and Fort Warren, M 




Born at Charleston, 8. C, September -11. 1833. 
Graduated at West Point, in 1854. En the Qnited 
States Army until South Carolina seceded when he 
ned in 1861. Be was one of the officers who car- 
ried Beauregard V demand for the surrender of Fort 
Sumpter, and afterward the order to open fire on the 
fort. He was Captain of Artillery, Hampton's Legion, 
in Virginia, then Major, Lieutenant Colonel and Colo- 
nel of artillery, and was in the battles of the Peninsu- 
lar campaign from Yorktown to Richmond, Seven 
Pines, Savage's Station and Malvern Hill. He did 
gallant service also in the battles of Second Manassas 
and Sharpsburg. He was promoted to Brigadier Gen- 

eral and sent from Virginia to Mississippi and com- 
manded batteries and garrison of Vicksburg under 
Gen. M. L. Smith. He defeated Sherman at Chickasaw 
Bayou, in the winter of 1862 and 1863. Three horses 
were shot from under him at Baker's Creek. After 
the siege of Vicksburg he was made Major < General to 
command all the cavalry in Mississippi, Alabama, 
East Louisiana and West Tennessee. He was again 
promoted to Lieutenant General and placed in com- 
mand of that department. He organized cavalry regi- 
ments, confronted Sherman's army of 30,000 men with 
his cavalry force of 2,500 men from Vicksburg to Meri- 
dian, fought with General Forrest the battle of Har- 
risburg, Miss., against A. <■. Smith's army, where the 
odds were 5,000 against 16,000 Federals. The latter 
withdrew toward Memphis. Later he was assigned 
to command of Hood's Corps, Army of Tennessee, 
before Atlanta, and was in the battles of 28th of July 
and also at Jonesboro. He was with Hood in his Ten- 

ne-see campaign, his corps was left at Columbia with 
two divisions, artillery and wagon trains of the army, 

while II 1 made his flank movement at Spring Hill, 

arrived at Franklin in lime to take part with one 
division in that terrible battle, having marched from 
Columbia after the balance of the army had reached 
Spring Hill: was in the battles around Nashville, and 
repulsed the enemy in his assault on Overton Hill, 
which was held until the left and center of our army 
was driven hack in disorder. lie covered retreat of 
the army, after its disastrous rout, his corps being 
the only one with organization intact. Daring the 
next day after the rout, he presented a defiant front, 
repulsing every effort of Wilson- cavalry, from early 
dawn to lo o'clock at night. So successful was this 
persistence that little or no effort was made for battle 
afterward. On the second day of the battle, a rear 
guard was organized under the command of Generals 
Walthall and Forrest, the latter having arrived from 
Murfreesboro, but the pursuit was feeble after the first 
day, no fight of consequence occurred, and Hood was 
allowed to recross the Tennessee River. Gen. Lee was 
severely wounded while with the real- guard in the 
afternoon of the day after the rout. He surrendered 
with his corps, under Gen. ,1. E.Johnston, in North 

Since the war Gen. Lee has been a planter, and Pres- 
ident of the Mississippi Agricultural and Mechanical 
College, which position he now holds. He has repre- 
sented his county and district in the State Senate, and 
was a member of the convention which framed the 
Constitution of his State. He was sixty years of age 
September lN'.i:;. He is the third officer in rank of 
living Confederates, Generals Longstreet and A. P. 
Stewart having older commissions. 

He is too modest to speak of his own brilliant 
achievements. 1 knew him in the Army of Northern 
Virginia. The world knows what S. 1). Lee did at 
second Manassas — how with eighteen guns he con- 
tributed so largely to win that great victory, -lust after 
the bloody battle of Sharpsburg, in ISti'i, when the 
army had recrosscd the Potomac, Gen. R. E. Lee sent 
for Col. S. 1). Lee and told him he had recommended 
him for promotion as Brigadier General, ami that he 
wished to place him in command of all the artillery 
of the Army of Northern Virginia. A few days after 
this Col. Lee was again invited to Cen. Lee's head- 
quarters. On arriving Gen. Lee handed him hi- com- 
mission as Brigadier General, saying that President 
Davis had ordered him to select the most accomplished 
artillerist in the Army of Northren Virginia and di- 
rect him to report to Gen. Pemberton, who was then 
at Vicksburg, Miss. Gen. Lee told him that he would 
be compelled to select him for that duty, as he had 
already made him his Chief of Artillery. 

H. I>. Watts, Americus, Ga.: I wish I could get a 
hundred for you. I believe if you would send a can- 
vasser here you could get many subscribers. I do not 
have time to attend to it, or I would and not charge 
anv thing, for you are engaged in a noble cause. I 
came out of the war without a dollar or a change of 
clothing, and I have had to work hard ever since to 
make a living. Accept this as a token of my appre- 
ciation of your noble effort to keep alive the senti- 
ment that prompted us to go forth in defense of our 
countrv in 1861. 






During the civil war it was my fortune to be rather 
intimately associated with the Hon. .Jos. K. Davis, the 
elder brother of Jefferson Davis. President of the Con- 
federate states. He impressed me very much by the 
keenness of hip intellect, the extent of his informa- 
tion, and the force of his character. 

In the fall of 1863 1 was nearly blind from expos- 
ure in the campaign around Yiekshurg. 1 was sent to 
the hospital at Lauderdale Springs, Mississippi, under 
the care of my friend, Dr. Robert Anderson, who had 
been, for Beveral years before the war. Mr. 1 'avis' fam- 
ily physician. Sir. Davis and his family, finding that 
he could not live on his plantation on the Mississippi 
River, had moved to Lauderdale Springs. It wa- there 
at his home, and at the residence ol Dr. Anderson, 
that I met him and frequently heard him talk. 

During my stay in the hospital Mrs. 1 >a\ i- died. She 
was a lovely woman of devout piety, and a member 
of the Episcopal Church. In the condition of the 
country at thai time it was impossible to secure the 
services of a clergyman of her own church, and Mr. 
Davis asked me to conduct the funeral services of his 
wife. He was devotedly attached to her and he felt 

profoundly her loss, coming, especially, as it did, upon 

him in his old age, and away from his home. My 
conduct of the funeral, he wa- pleased to say, gratified 

and comforted him. and he always afterward ex- 
pressed for me the kindest feelings, and admitted me 
to a confidence, which, otherwise his gnat superiority 
in age, station and ability would have precluded. 

\- soon as 1 was well enough 1 returned to my regi- 
ment, and was absorbed in the activities of the cam- 
paigns of 1864 in North Georgia and Tennesset 
seeing Mr. Davis, and only occasionally hearing from 
him during that time. After the disastrous ba1 
Nashville, 1 was in the rear guard of Hood's Army. 
By incessant marching and lighting, under the genius 
<»f such Generals as Forrest, Walthall and W. H. Jack- 
Bon, we escaped across the Tennessee Liver. T 
found that the terrible exposure had rendered me 
nearly blind again. I was again sent to Dr. Anderson, 
who was then in charge of the hospital at Tuscaloosa. 
Alabama. Mr. Davis and his family were boarding 
with Dr. Anderson, and so I was thrown into daily 
intercourse with him until the 20th of May, l s ti-">. 
when 1 was finally paroled — a period i>( nearly three 

Mr. Davis was a great reader, and as soon a- my 
eyes became strong enough. 1 went daily to his room 
and read to him. He was at that time reading with 
enthusiasm, again, the history of Herodotus. I for- 
get in what translation. 1 was constantly imp: 
with his wide information and also his breadth of 
view. On the political history and principles of our 
Government he had thought deeply. Like many an- 
other Southern gentleman, he studied history to learn 
lessons which he might apply to our own political 

He seemed to know and understand all of the great 
movements of the day. social and ecclesiastical, as well 
as political. One day, in speaking with him, I made 

some reference to the disruption of the Church of Scot- 
land, and the origin of tin Free Church, in 1843 : and 
1 was surprised to find him thoroughly familiar with 
the movement, its history and underlying principles. 

His affection for his brother, the President, was in- 
tense and seemed to deepen with years. I have heard 
that Jefferson Davis gave great regard to the opinions 
and advice of this elder brother. 

Mr. Davis often and freely spoke of the situation of 
the country, and of the difficulties with which the 
Confederate I're-ident had to contend. He was a man 
■ if positive conviction- anil warm feelings, and he crit- 
icised, often sharply. But he -trove to be just in his 

judgment-. He wa-. perhaps, eighty years old, and 

doubtless age and experience had chastened the order 
of his feeling- : yet. one could see even then that he 
was a man who held hi- opinions tenaciously, ami 
wa- not afraid t" express them. Of course, as was 
natural, he entered into the policy and prejudices of 
tie I're-ident. and stood by him firmly. 

of the most loveabl* n the characti 

Jefferson Davis was his tender love and dee], respect 
for this old man. 1 think that nearly every week, in 
spite of the huge care- that oppressed him. he wrote 
to him — sometimes only a brief not 
long letter, discussing the condition of our country. 

Mi Davis often permitted me to read these let 
and 1 was deeply impressed with the President's sin- 
ceritv and his consuming love of his country. Two 
letters especially 1 recall, possibly the last written 
from Richmond, that were full of personal tenderm--. 
lofty patriotism, and an unspeakable sadness. I can 
not pretend to give the exact words, but the substance 
1 remember. 

In one the President spoke of the harsh criticisms 
upon him and his administration. He -aid that num- 
bers of his countrymen would think of him as a di< 
tor, who substituted his personal judgment and will 
for the action of Congress; who refused to execute the 
will of the Congress. He said that there had never 
been a day that he had not been willing to carry out 
the measures approved by the Congress: that where 
any action had been taken he had honestly and faith- 
fully tried to execute it. But he said the difficulty 
was too often that I had no policy of its own 

— members could not a<_ r ree among then and 

wasted time in fruitless talk — only eager to oppi 
his idea-. He -aid that often the condition of the 
army or the country urgently demanded some relief 
measure; immediate action of some kind was impera- 
tive; inaction meant ruin; in such circumstances he 
always had his plan, which, of course, he urged upon 
Congress. But he w Ways willing, if his plan 

was not adopted, to try any other which they might 
suggest, but they would not accept his plan, nor 
would they adopt' one of their own. In this emer- 
gency, he said that something must be done to a 
ruin," and he was forced to carry out some plan; and 
of course he acted on his own ideas in the absence of 
any action by Congress. Then he was charged with 
being a dictator. 

In the other and later letter he was speaking of the 
disasters that had befallen our arms, and the terrible 
straits to which we were reduced. He felt that the 
worst feature of the situation was the tone and spirit 
of discouragement among the people. He believed 
that in spite of our lack of resources, in spite of our 
crippled condition, if the people would make one 



mighty effort — would rise to the height of the occasion 
and show their willingness to die rather than yield, 
then God would interpose for our deliverance. Be 
thought that a people showing themselves thus worthy 
of independence could not he suhdued. He expressed 
his i heerful willingness to die, if by the sacrifice he 
might rouse the people to the supreme effort. Then 
Bpeaking to his brother the earnest desires of his heart, 
he said that he hoped God in mercy would spare him 
the Bight of the overthrow of his country, and the 
humiliation of his people. He trusted that before the 
end came he might have opportunity to give up on 
the field of battle the life that he had devoted to the 
service of the Confederacy. 

Both of these letters impressed me with the Presi- 
dent's unselfish and conscientious devotion of him- 
self and all of his powers to the cause which with all 
his soul he believed to be righteous. 

Before I close these reminiscences, let me speak of 
an incident showing Mr. Joseph Davis' physical cour- 
age. While in Tuscaloosa it was his habit to drive 
out every day for his health, for he was quite feeble, as 
well as very old. lie had a pair of good horses, which 
he retained after giving up almost everything else to 
the cause. One day he drove out across the Black 
Warrior River, northward, accompanied only by his 
negro driver. Now the country north of the city was 
infested by bands of marauders, who claimed to be 
guerrillas, but who were in reality deserters from our 
army. They pretended that the}' took their plunder 
for the Government; that they were authorized to 
"press" horses, provisions, etc., for the Confederacy. 
Often, if they met resistance, they killed the owners 
of the property. 

On this day Mr. Davis had gone several miles, when 
in a lonely part of the road he found himself con- 
fronted by one of these lawless bands. The leader, 
catching the horses' bits, threw them back on their 
haunches, and Mr. Davis was thrown forward in his 
barouche; but, recovering himself, he straightened up 
with a pair of pistols in his hands, pointing right into 
the face of the leader. The fellow was cowed at once, 
for he saw that Mr. Davis would certainly shoot him. 
In other words, the old gentleman "had the drop" on 
him. He was told that if he attempted to leave he 
would be shot like a dog, and that his crowd must 
withdraw. He was held there until they had gone, 
and then he was allowed to depart, and Mr. Davis 
drove back, and in a few minutes was in safety. Of 
course the crowd were cowards; but the old man's 
courage was manifest. 

After 1 was paroled I never saw Mr. Davis again. 
He died not long after the war. 

M. Loom an, Esq., of Houston, Texas, writes as fol- 
lows concerning the coming East of Albert Sidney 
Johnston, referred to at length elsewhere: 

I well remember the meeting of Gen. Johnston and 
Gen. Baylor, who was then in command of Arizona, 
in July 1861, when Gen. Johnston was on his way 
from California to Richmond. He stayed with us 
about a week resting his animal. 

Mr. Looscan refers to confusion of Gen. Baylor's 
name with that of Col. George W. Baylor, who came 
East with Gen. Johnston, and was with him as staff 
officer when he was killed. Col. Baylor is still living, 
and resides in El Paso County, Texas. 

Besides sketches of other Major Generals, pictures 
of all the lady representatives of states will be in the 
April Veteran. 

Reminiscences by the "'Mother of the Confederacy" 
are in type for the April Veteran. They are thrill- 
ing and pathetic. 

An exquisite picture of the lady who said, "I had 
rather have my picture in the Veteran than in the 
White House," has been made for the April issue. 
Her presence at the Birmingham reunion is fondly 

There is an omission from article about postage 
stamps, pages 77 and 78, which may be of interest to 
some of our people. Local stamps of large cities are 
so abundant that they are of but little value, but there 
are others of small places like Athens, Goliad, Madi- 
son and Livingston, that command high prices, rang- 
ing between 25 cents and &100. The Livingston, Ala., 
stamp is in greatest demand, one of which sold for 
$576 in New York on March loth. 

It seems that the notes about Gen. Lee being or- 
dered to the rear had been sufficiently explained in 
the last Veteran for there ever to be further reference 
to it, yet some correspondence has been received from 
high authority, including a letter from Gen. Gordon 
and a quotation from Gen. Lee himself, so that some 
interesting notes will occur in regard to that. 

The people of Murfreesboro are zealous and faithful 
in their efforts to build a monument to the Confeder- 
ate dead there buried. It is a cause that will enlist 
an interest in every Southern State. Has it occurred 
that you might raise a fund in your vicinity by some 
pleasant entertainment ? The valor of many a South- 
ron was immortalized there in the spirit that will live 
forever. Let it be symbolized by marble and bronze. 

Col. John Anderson, who commanded the Donel- 
son Brigade of Tennessee Infantry while Colonel of the 
8th Tennessee, tells an interesting story of a man who 
belonged to Campany A, and ran away in face of the 
enemy during the battle of Murfreesboro. The poor 
fellow was sentenced to be shot, and was in jail at 
Shelbyville. Maj. Burford, of the regiment, who was 
a very sympathetic man, visited the condemned man 
and was so affected that he prevailed on Colonel An- 
derson to do so. Before going he had a talk with < ten. 
Cheatham, and it was understood that although Gen. 
Bragg was not to know of it, he, Anderson, would 
write his own order for release, which he did, and car- 
ried it with him. He called on ('apt. Charles \V. 
Peden, Provost Marshal at Shelbyville, and told him 
he must have that man. The prisoner said they 
must save his life — that he had a wife and small chil- 
dren, and that if they would release him he would 
try and make a good soldier for the future. True to 
his word, he did the best he could, and improved in 
each battle. At Franklin he fell far to the front with 
his face to the foe. 



.Ino. P. HliUinnn. 
Sec r etary, 

Enelgll F. A. Moses. Lt Geo. F. Hager. 


The General Assembly of 1891 passed an Act ap- 
propriating $60,000 annually to the maimed and indi- 
gent Confederate Soldiers of the State who could not, 
on account of their family relations, receive the bene- 
fits of the Tennessee Confederate Soldiers' Home. 
The pensions bestowed under the Act were as follows : 
First .lass, a soldier who had lost both eyes, both arms, 
or both legs, $300 per year: second class, a soldier who 
had lost one arm or one leg, and a disability to the 
other arm or leg, $12(1 per year; third class, a soldier 
who had lost one arm or one leg, or a disability equiv- 
alent thereto, $100 per year. Under the Act it must 
clearly appear that the' disability was incurred from 
active service, that the soldier is in indigent circum- 
stances, and that bis record as a soldier was free from 

Under the Act there are five Pension Examiners, 
and they are allowed a Secretary. The Pension Ex- 
aminers receive no salaries. The Attorney General 
and Comptroller of the State are members of said 
Board by virtue of their positions. The Tennessee 
Division of Confederate Soldiers name the other three 

II >. R. Guild. 

id* hi . 

Att'j <ien. (V. W. Flekle. 

Ja*. A. Harris. 


members of the Board, and they are commissioned 
by the Governor. 

The Board is at present constituted as follows: At- 
torney Gen. G. W. Pickle, Com p. .las. A. Harris, Lieut. 
.George B. Guild, Ensign Frank A. Moses, and Lieut. 
George F. Hager, with private John I'. Hickma 
Secretary. Tennessee now has 571 soldiers on its pen- 
sion roll, and it has also eightv-six soldiers in the 
Confederate Home. None of the latter have families. 

A Camp has been organized at Greeneville. N. ('., 
named in honor of Pitt County's gallant son. 
Bryan Grimes. B. F. Sugg was elected President and 
E. A. Maze, Secretary. " We bad a general good time. 
Many war incidents and anecdotes were recited. The 
old veterans broke camp to meet again next year. H." 

A comrade, member of the Forty-eighth Tennessee 
Regiment, demurs at some statement as to who com- 
prised Cleburne's brigade at Shiloh. His regiment 
was held at Decatur, and " the other regiments of 
Cleburne's brigade were the Second, Twenty-third 
and Twenty-fourth Tennessee, and Fifteenth Arkan- 
sas Regiments." 




John D. Renfroe has written ;i thrilling story of 
Maj. John Pelham, "the boy artillerist," for the 
burnal, from which the following is taken: 

lie was of " Kentucky stock," but born in Alalia ma. 
September 7. l s :>. The London Timet said he ex- 
celled any man of hie age, mi either side, in the great 

Young Pel ham was at West Point, and would have 
received his commission in a week, but he resigned 
and came South to enlist for his section. As a 
cadet he had dash and soldierly hearing. He always 
walked straight as a "bee line," and never looked 
hack, no matter how nmeh noise the other cadets 
made in his rear. He was considered the best athlete 
at West Point, and was noted for fencing and boxing. 

"Then as now," said the writer, "at the academy, a 
cat. with its reputed plurality of lives, would be dead 
a dozen times in taking half the chances those laugh- 
ing cadets would eagerly seek in the cavalry drill, hut 
I'elham excelled them all.'' The Prince of Wales was 
struck with his horsemanship when he visited the 
academy in 1 *<>(>. His horseback riding was marvel- 
ous, and went down from class to class as a sort of 
tradition, and years afterward the cadets would talk 
of John Pelham's wonderful riding. 

It is said he got through the lines into Kentucky 
by a fair Indiana maiden whose affections he won, 
which were stronger than her true patriotism. He 
reported at Montgomery, the Confederate capital, and 
was sent to Virginia. At Manassas he so interested 
"Jeb" Stuart that he had him organize a six-gjin 
battery. Of this battery were forty men from Talla- 
dega, under Lieut. Wm. McGregor, now living in 
Texas, and others, in charge of his "Napoleon" gun, 
from Mobile. This six-gun battery became the nucleus 
of "Stuart's Horse Artillery.'" 

At Cold Harbor he advanced one gun a third of a 
mile to the front, and for more than an hour it was 
the only gun on the Confederate left firing, draw inn 
the attention of a whole Federal battery, until Stuart 
said to Stonewall Jackson: " General, all your artillery 
on the left is idle; nobody is firing except Pelham. 
After the battle the warm pressure of Jackson's hand 
told how well he had demeaned himself. Shortly 
after this Pelham drove a gunboat from the "White 
House" with one gun. He again received the thanks 
of Stonewall at second Manassas, where he thrust his 
guns forward almost into the enemy's columns, and 
used them with bloody effect. During this fight Jack- 
son said to Stuart, pointing to the young artillerist at 
his guns: "General, if you have another Pelham, 
give him to me." He was then twenty-three years 

In the Moody repulse at Shepardstown his guns 
roared for hours. It was in this gory track that an 
instance occurred which illustrates his coinage. He 
was with one gun far in advance of the others, when 
the enemy almost reached him, and Stuart ordered 
him to retire ; but he begged successfully to he allowed 
to remain a little longer, but his cannoneers " scam- 
pered away" and left him alone. He loaded the 
piece and fired almost in the face of the enemy surg- 

ing forward like a great hillow; and then, mounting 
one of the lead horses, began to gallop away with the 
cannon, hut had not proceeded far when the horse 
was shot from under him. Quickly cutting the traces, 
to be free from the dead animal, he mounted another. 
and it. too, was Bhol down immediately. He ee< aped 

with the gun only altera third horse had been shot. 

At Sharpsburg he commanded nearly all the artil- 
lery mi the Confederate left, and rent the blue lines 
with shot and shell. 

I !ut it was at Fredericksburg that the zenith of John 
Pelham's renown was reached. The flower of the 
Souths young manhood was on the heights in double 
lines behind bristling and glimmering guns. Every 
soldier knew there was to he a fearful light before the 
sun sank behind the western wood. The Federal 
army had crossed the Rappahannock, and was form- 
ing line of battle under cover of the river hank. 
Jackson, Stuart and Lee rode down the Confederate 
lines to the extreme right, followed by waves of cheers, 
where the Stuart Horse Artillery was parked. Stuart 
called to Pelham and said something. Then I'elham 
turned and galloped to his guns. Immediately he 
dashed down the heights, followed by one gun, at a 
gallop. It was the " Napoleon Detachment " of Mobile 
Frenchmen. Onward they rushed, far down to the 
foot of the heights, where the road forks. There they 
halted, unlimbered and prepared for action. Soon 
they saw moving toward them steadily, with meas- 
ured tread, a Long, compact blue Line, their bayonets 
glistening in the streams of sunshine. There was a 
Hash, a boom; the earth shook around Pelham's Na- 
poleon. Then there was a shrill, hideous, indescrib- 
able shriek of shell as it swirled through the charging 
lines of blue. The surging mass recoiled, halted, hes- 
itated; then, with a demoniacal yell, pressed forward 
toward the single gun. The yell ceased, and for a 
moment there was a ghastly hush. And then there 
came thundering through the -air from across the 
Rappahannock boom on boom. From southeast to 
east, from east to northeast! Then from the north 
came huge shells whirling death in their arms. Pel- 
ham had drawn upon himself the concentrated fire of 
half a dozen batteries — twenty-four guns; yet his gun 
continued to roar, and never failed to slaughter. No 
other gun on the Con federate side had yet opened, hut 
this lone war-dog howled on. And in the half lull 
between the boom of the cannon there floated above 
the noise a sound that seemed strange on that day of 
multitudinous terrors — the Napoleon Detachment 
singing the Marseillaise as they fought their gun. 
Like infernal imps in tophet they Bitted about in its 
smoke. Two armies looked on while the Mobile 
Frenchmen wrote history with blood. Time wore on. 
Still the gun roared, and the sound of its roaring 
thundered through the air. Gen. R. E. Lee said : " It 
is glorious to see such courage in one so young." In 
his report of the battle he spoke of no one hut Pelham 
below the rank of Major General, terming him "the 
gallant Pelham." Pelham delayed the battle an hour. 
When his ammunition was spent he retired, and was 
assigned to the command of all the artillery on the 

( lonfederate right . 

Amid shot and shell he bad opened the great battle 
of Fredericksburg, and had become immortal. He 
was a Major of artillery then. His commission as 
Lieutenant Colonel was issued soon after, and only 
waited confirmation when he was killed at Kelly's 



death ; and, with a single exception, he was a brilliant 

actor in all. The memory '>t' 'the gallant Pelham,' 

Ford, on the Rappahannock, March 17. >'i'.\. He had 
gone to visit some ladies in Culpeper Connty, when 
he heard the cannonading and hurried to the Bcene. 
His artillery had not come up, bul he galloped to a 
regiment that was wavering, and shouted: " Forward, 
boys! forward to victory and glory!" and at that 
moment was struck by the fragment of a shell that 
penetrated the brain, and he died shortly after mid- 

Gen. Stuart telegraphed to lion. .1. I,. M. Curry, at 
present trustee of the great Peabody Fund, who then 
represented Pelham's Alabama district in the Confed- 
erate ( 'ongress: 

"The ooble, the chivalric, 'the gallant Pelham 1 is 
no more. He was killed in action yesterday. Hi- 
remains will lie sent to you to-day. How much lie 
was beloved, appreciated and admired let the tears of 
agony we shed and the gloom of mourning throughout 
my command hear witness. His loss ie irreparable." 

His remains were taken to Richmond, and lay in 

state at the Capitol, viewed by thousands. He was 

buried at Jacksonville, Ala., amid the scenes of his 

childhood. Gen. Stuart's general order to the divis- 
ion, announcing his death, concluded: 

"His eyefl had glanced over every hatt Iclicld of this 
army from the first Mana-sas to the moment of his 

exception, he was a hi 
ry of ' the gallant I'e 
his many virtues, his nohle nature and purity of 
character are fl sacred legacy in the hearts of all who 
knew him. His record was Wight ami spot less, ami 
his career brilliant and successful." 

He was calmly and recklessly hrave. ami saw men 
torn to pieces around him without emotion, "because 
his heart and eye were upon the stern work he was 

performing." Such is the brief bul resplendent career 

of the "hoy artillerist." 

The deeds of I'elhain's nephew, who was a private 
in Terry's Texas regiment, caused the Texas I 
lature to enact that, as he, "a hero in more than a 
hundred battles," had fallen while charging the em my 
at 1 'alton, ( ra., leaving no issue, the name of a certain 
child, a nephew, should he changed to Charles Thomas 

Pelham, to perpetuate his memory, 
Noble Utteran< es From M wnk. — Gen. Charles \V. 

Roberts, of Bangor, Me., who commanded the Second 
Maim- Regiment, replies to R. F. Dahlgren, of At- 
lanta, in which he makes an effort to secure the re- 
turn of the Hag of the Fifth Alabama. He writes: 
For gome years 1 have tried to trace the whereabouts 
of the Fifth Alabama (lag. but have been thus far un- 
Bucceseful. At the battle of Gaines' Mill 1 saw the 
color-bearer of the Fifth Alabama fall, and ordered a 
private of my regiment to take the colors. He did so. 
ami delivered to me. 1 sent them to Bangor, where 
my regiment was recruited, and they were deposited 
in our city building. When my regiment returned 
my colors were deposited in the city building also. 

For several years they were paraded through our 
streets together. Becoming tired of such an exhibi- 
tion, 1 ordered the colors (yours included i to be -cut. 
for preservation, to our State house at Augusta. Our 
colors were sent, hut yours could not he found, and 
what became of them I never have known. If I can 
ever find your Hag nothing will give me greater pleas- 
ure than to return it to you. for with me the war en- 
tirely closed when Fee surrendered. 



Confederate Veteran— As you paid me the com- 
pliment to copy my letter to the Baltimon v . Burn- 
ing Bridg o er Rappahanock," 1 -end you, from iny aco the battle of Cedar Creek. 

I have written 170 pages ot manuscript of the wi 
I saw it. and this arti art of a The 

battle was fought October 19, 1864. 

No one can appreciate operation of this grand 

move without closely examining a war map. Having 
born and raised almost in gunshot of this field, 
very road and defile as I write. Gen, Early lias 
been accused of recklessness in fighting this battle. 
Such was not the ease, it was a nn essity, as the only 
possible way to prevent i rom being sent to 

Grant from the Valley. Hazardous? Yea, so was ev- 
ery move we mad. Early, one of the best and 
bravest Generals of the war, was sent to the Valley to 
fight, though a forlorn bone, and uo man in the army 
could have done more. Why < on. Sheridan did not 
crush him in two weeks has always been a mystery to 

in. Four to one were the odds we had t n 

with. Sheridan had as many cavalry as we had in all. 

Minute description of the surroundings is necessary 
for a correct understanding of the move in contem- 
plation. Our army was in camp on the old line known 
a- Fishi r's Hill, over a mile south of Strasburg, while 
Sheridan was camped north of Cedar Creek, a Bmall 
stream Sowing southeast and emptying into the north 
branch of Shenandoah River. The Valley Pike ca 
Cedar Creek two miles north ot Strasburg, and Sheri- 
dan was strongly posted on its high embankments, 
rendering a direct attack simply hopeless. Our right 
re-ted on the Shenandoah abovi : arg, while our 

left was on the same river helow. Upon our right was 
Maurerton Mountain, and the Shenandoah River, a 
Swift stream, fordable every few miles, hugged tie 
of this mountain for several miles. There* 
between the river and the mountain, yet Early dared 
to separate his army and -end half oi it, undei 
man a of the gallant Gordon, in Bingle file, through 
the bushes where it was often almost impossible for 
men to stand, a distance of over three miles. The 
march was made cheerfully in the dead of night when 
the only sound was the continued tread of the men 
and the oft-repeated command ap." On this 

memorable night our division, under the gallant Pe- 
gram i Gordon's old division I and Ramseur S division. 
broke camp (Starvation) and marched to the river, 
where wagons had been placed and a bridge made for 
us to cross upon. Aft* r crossing we rested some hours 
before -tailing in single file for Sheridan's rear. After 
a most terrible march we came out at Pitman Farm, 
where we struck the main mad leading from Strasburg 
to Front Royal. We were then on Sheridan's left 
dank, hut the river Sowed between t he t wo armies and 
had to be forded, so we continued our inarch upon the 
main road. Every tree was familiar to me. Asa boy 
I walked and rode almost daily over this section. At 
Hill's Fane we tiled to tie left, and it was plain we had 

to , ross at Bowman's Ford. [ 1 used to hunt squirrels 

and partridges all over these grounds, hut now I was 
hunting men, and found game plentiful.] In this 
lane we halted for the men to close up. As soon as 



this was accomplished we hurried to the river and 
waded through, without considering the disagreeable 
wetting to he endured. The cavalry had crossed and 
captured the pickets. Gordon's men followed and 

soon struck the extreme left and rear of Sheridan's 
line. It was a complete surprise. Men were captured 
in bed. not knowing we were nearer than Fisher's 
Hill. ( rordon'e and Ramseur'e divisions were in front. 
and ours in reserve. These two divisions drove every 
tiling before them, and while this was being done 
Gen. Early had worked his way close up to the enemy 
in front, and at daylight he struck a terrible blow, 
driving them back upon us only to be pressed out of 
shape, a broken, routed army. .On they rushed to Belle 
Grove, three miles, where they were in readiness with 
a fresh division to meet us. Cpon these fresh troops 
many stragglers had rallied. < Mir division was ordered 
forward, and in a few minutes were hotly engaged. 
Driving the skirmish line in, we struek the line of 
battle, and as we got closer found a heavy battery on 
our left doing much damage. Our brigade, commanded 
by Col. Hoffman, bore to the left and charged, driving 
the artillerymen from their guns and the support back. 
Here, to my surprise, we were halted and ordered to 
reform. Col. Hoffman could not see well, or he would 
not have stopped at this point: so I called him as he 
was passing, on horse-back, and pointed out our dan- 
ger, but he still insisted upon reforming before making 
a second charge. Seeing the enemy advancing upon 
their battery, which would be turned on us again, I 
urged Col. H. to allow me to move with a few men 
and hold the battery. To this he consented, and with 
about fifty men we charged across the river, captured 
the five guns, turned them on the enemy, and held 
them until Col. H. came to our assistance. Gen. I'e- 
gram came up at this time and Col. H. told him of our 
charge, and the General said he would have those guns 
christened to my honor; but Sheridan objected, and 
in the afternoon the battery was recaptured. 

1 was a member of the 13th Virginia Infantry, or- 
ganized by Gen. A. 1'. Hill, molded by the bravest of 
the brave, 'Jen. .lame- a Walker, and made invincible 
by the courage and example of Col. .lames 1!. Terrell. 
No command could boast of three such officers, hence 
the reputation it gained. For an opinion of this gal- 
lant bodv of men I refer my reader to an oration by 
Gen. Walker at the unveiling of the A. P. Hill monu- 
ment at Richmond. From this charge we gathered 
solidity and moved on, driving the enemy into and 
through Middleton. Here we were halted over night 
upon Valley Pike, north of the town and at the toll 
gate. We remained at this point all day waiting for 
orders to move forward. A great victory had been 
won only to be thrown away — not lost, as many sup- 
pose, and as history claims, by the return of Sheridan 
— not one bit of it. The fault lies at our own door. 
Our men, feeling victory was complete, gave way to 
the disposition to clothe themselves from the enemy's 
cam)), deserted their comrades. Fully one third of 
our army could have been found away from their com- 
mands, and by so doing sacrificing their country. 
Comrade, was you of this number? If so, you caused 
the disaster, not Sheridan. Shame, shame! Had ev- 
ery man been at his post we would not have lost this 
battle, and none of the poetry of Sheridan's ride would 
ever have been written. We held our position until 
ordered back, and we ( I'egram's brigade, commanded 
by Pegram in person, also Johnson's North Carolina 

brigade) marched in line of battle from Middleton to 
CedarCreek. where we had to break to cross the bridge. 
At Stickler's, south of the bridge, Gen. Pegram ral- 
lied about 100 men, and we again checked the enemy's 

cavalry; hut soon a brigade charged us, and we made 
the best retreat we could. Knowing the country thor- 
oughly. 1 went to the mountain and got into cam]' at 
Fisher's Hill hy 10 o'clock that night, taking a pretty 
good regiment of men with me who were lost in the 
stampede. .Most of our artillery was lost near Stras- 
burg. occasioned by the breaking of a small bridge, 
and could have been saved had any one in authority 
known of it. In my retreat that night 1 met with an 
officer whom I piloted to the river, where we both 
jumped in. ami where the Colonel disappeared, either 
killed, drowned or taken prisoner. If he is alive and 
sees this article I would like to hear from him. We 
retreated up the Valley next morning. My mother 
and sisters went over the battle field next day expect- 
ing to find my dead body, but I was very much alive, 
in a foot-race for safety further South. Gen. Cordon 
did some beautiful fighting at Cedar Creek, but when 
he is accredited with planning the battle I feel it is an 
error. It was Cen. Karly's plan, and it bore his car 
marks-daring in the extreme — fully in keeping with 
the man and all of his movements in front of Sheri- 
dan. Suppose Early had had as many men as Sheri- 
dan, does any sane man for one moment believe the 
Valley of Virginia would have fallen into the bands 
of the enemy? Never! Many good soldiers criticise 
Gen. Early, but one moment's reflection should change 
their harsh judgment to praise and admiration. For 
weeks he confronted Sheridan's hosts with a mere 
handful of men. knowing all the time bow he was out- 
numbered. His duty was to keep Sheridan from send- 
ing troops to Grant, and he did this, but not until 
40,000 marched upon 10,000 could Early he shaken off. 
Cen. Lee's letter to him removing him is a deserved 
compliment. Early was the only man in the army 
.who would have dared to have "taken such chances. 
He sacrificed himself for his country, and in future 
years will be regarded as one of our ablest Generals. 

Sheridan's loss, according to Maj. Pound's History 
of the Valley Campaign, in this battle, was f>d!i killed. 
3,425 wounded, and 1,770 missing; total. 5,764. Our 
loss was :-5,l(Ki killed, wounded and missing. 

J. T. I. yon, of Forty-third Battalion of Virginia 
Cavalry, writes again : Farmwell, Va., Feb. 2. — In my 
article published in the January Veteran there is a 
mistake. It should have been Ramseur's division, not 
Ransom's. He too was killed at Cedar Creek, when 
General Cordon made that Jacksonian move, surpris- 
ing Sheridan's army, routing and driving them in 
ereat confusion toward Winchester. Early's troops, 
instead of following up their victory, fell out of ranks 
to plunder the yankee camp. Sheridan promptly 
reformed his troops and returned the same day and 
deflated Early, and caused him to lose all be had 
gained and more too. But if ever soldiers were excus- 
able for such conduct Early's poor half famished men 
surelv were. Thev had been marching and fighting 
from the first of May, at the Wilderness, at Cold Har- 
bor, at Lynchburg, al Salem, West Va., and then to 
Washington and return. It is estimated that from 
June to September Early bad marched his little army 
over four hundred miles. 




Mr. F. A. Nast,(P. O. Box 959), New York City, one 
of a committee engaged in the preparation of a book 
on the postage stamps of the Confederate States, fa- 
vors the Veteran with tin- following carefully pre- 
pared " History of Postage Stamps used in the Con- 
federate States of America." 

South Carolina seceded Dec. 20th, I860, and was 
quickly followed by Mississippi, Alabama, Florida. 
Georgia, and Louisiana. Jefferson Davis was i 
President, and was inaugurated at Montgomery, Ala.. 
Feb. 18th, 1861. Up to the tiring on Fort Sumpter 
[April 1 1 th '. the postal affairs seem to have been ear- 

ned on with fair regularity. Letters continued to be 
mailed throughout the South, bearing U. S. stamps. 
during the first few months of 1861, bul the supply of 
the-' stamps was booh exhausted, and most of the 
Postmasters were soon unable to furnish -tamp- or 
envelopes. To those situated in small towns, this 

made but little difference, but in commercial centers 
much inconvenience was realized. 

An agent of a prominent Bank Note Company, of 
New York City, was in Montgomery in Feb . L861, for 
the purpose of making a contracl to supply stamps to 
the new Government, but the bombardment of Fort 
Sumpter made it evident that goods could not be de- 

! 3 : 

livered and negotiations were discontinued. The Con- 
federate Government, however, succeeded in buying a 
large quantity of paper in New York City, which was 
forwarded to Louisville, Ky., and from there run 
through to Montgomery, Ala. This paper was 
ward used for the manufacture of stamps issued by 
the general < Jovernment. 

On the 11th of March. 1861, the permanent Consti- 
tution was adopted by Congress, and in it a clause 
providing that the Postoffice Department must pay 
its own expenses, from its own resources, after the first 
day of March. 1863. 

The Postoffice Department was at once organized, 
with John 11. Reagan as Postmaster General, but the 
chief work devolved upon H. St. George Offutt, who, 
from his long connection with the Postoffice Depart- 

18 li 

pent, was eminently fitted to perform the difficult 

task. Mr. Offutt occupied the position of Chief Clerk 
0)' Auditor's office, at the secession of South Carolina, 

but relinquished that position to join the Confederate 
Army, although his native State. Missouri, did not 
leave the Union. The valuable library of postal works 
(the only complete one in the U. S.), which he took 
with him. must have been of incalculable benefit in 
starting such a complicated machine as a Postoffice 
Department for a large country; however, on the 1st 
of June, 1861, we find the Department prepared with 
everything necessary for the successful operation of 
the offices contained within its territory. 

The following gentlemen occupied the principal po- 
sitions in the new department : John II. Reagan, Post- 
master General ; B. Fuller. Chief Clerk: H. St. G. Of- 
futt. Chief of the Contract Bureau; J. L. Uarrell. 
Chief of Finance Bureau; B. N. Clements, Chief of 
Appointment Bureau; Rolling Raker. Auditor. 

Most of the old U. S, Postmasters were retained on 
their taking the oath of Allegiance to the Confed 
States, and in one case, at least i 'cut man was 

allowed to keep his post without taking the prescribed 
oath: the few Union men who held the South 

were com] ■ to retain their offices until new ap- 

pointments could be made. A majority of the Post- 

• rui>tM<-K»v-B. • 




: ] l >l » 


era remitted the full amount due the United 
i Postoffice Department up to the :;ist of June, 

and returned all the -tamps and Postoffice property 
that was in their charge. < Uhers either kept the prop- 
erty, or turned it o bet lonfederate 1 iepartment. 
Subsequently, the Department issued a circular or- 
dering all Postmasters to -end all U. S. pro] 
Stamps, etc., to Richmond, where they were utilized 
in various ways: but this was not till after the war 

Many of the most enterprising Postmasters in the 
South asked and obtained permission to issue stamps 
pending the preparation oi those by the genera' I 
federate Government. Probably some of the Post- 
masters of the -mailer town- i — tied stamps and 

stamped envelopes on their own responsibility. How 
many offii d these temporary stamps is not 

known, but philatelists ostantly on the watch 

for new and hitherto unknown varieti 

The following letters will show how and why l'o-t- 
masters were obliged to make these -tamp-: 

DEAB Sir: In reply to your note of the 12th inst. 
1 would say that the stamps you inclosed me were 
got up by me here in Memphis. When Tern 
passed the ordinance of secession, the old < rovernment 
stamps were worthless, and as 1 found it impossible 
to get along without stamp I and procured the 

consent of the Government at Richmond to get up 
temporary stamps until the Postmaster Gent ral could 
furnish me with regular stamps. Those you inclosed 
me were in u- al months, and were the only 



ones used. A stamp was shortly afterwards manu- 
factured at Richmond, after which those I issued were 
taken in and destroyed. Respi i tfully yours, 
Memphis, July 17. M. C. Gali way. 

pon "mi. i 


* k CXXTB. 5 

-•I 25 

Dead Sn;: Vours of the 29th inst. is a. band. A> 
I happen to have the stamp alluded to, I inclose one 
for your benefit. It was used by me expressly for the 
llln-.itown ollice, from about August, 1861, to midsum- 
mer, 1862, until Confederate stamps were distributed 
for general use. 

These stamps were used merely as a convenience 
during the absence of Government stamps, and of 
course were only received at the Rheatown office in 
payment of postage. All letters bearing it were billed 
"paid in money, 5 cents." The inconvenience of 
country people sending money by servants and child- 
ren to pay postage, and the remarkable scarcity of 
small change at that time, were the principal objects 
for procuring this stamp. Yours truly. 

•Jcheatoum, Venn. D. Pence. 

The general Government issued the first Confederate 
postage stamps on October 18th, 1861, a 5-cent green 
stamp i No. 1 of the illustrations). This was soon fol- 
lowed by the 10-cent blue stamp (No. 3), the 2-cent 
green stamp ( No. 2 ), and the green ink being 
exhausted, No. 1 was printed in blue, and No. :! in 
red. All these stamps were prepared by Messrs. Hoyen 
and Ludwig, of Richmond, Ya. Later on Messrs. De 


2 Post Office. l\ 
Aw r.DAJ'.i-.M ii 

La Rue & Co. prepared the plates and furnished the 
stamps of the 5-cent blue | No. 7 I, and a 1-cent orange 
which was never used. The plates of the 5-eent blue 
(No. 7) were afterward used by Messrs. Archer & 
Daly in printing the regular supply. They furnished 
also the 10-cent blue i No. 6), three varieties, and the 
20-cent green ( No. I I. 

A short time after the first 10-cent blue stamp ( No. 
6) was issued, President Davis met Col. Ofifutt and 
asked him if he remembered a W. Brown's objection 
to the portrait. Upon an affirmative answer being 
given, the President remarked: " I was walking across 

vinlu.iir riusi J 
«f Vlvnua 

3 Tasl <»fflcc 


3.-I d.ii. r h j. 

«-+*+■■ I 

85 86 

the park to-day, on my way to my office, when I met 
a tall North Carolinia soldier, who accosted me: 'Is 
your name Davis?' 'Yes.' 'President Davis?' 'Yes.' 

'I thought so; you look so much like a postage 


In addition to their use as postage stamps they 
were used as small change by the soldiers and citizens, 

just as l . s. postage Btamps were used for the same 
purpose at the same time in the North. 

Letters were sent through the lines by special 
arrangement between the u. S. A and the C. S. A. 
The following notice is a sample: 

To Those Who Wish to sum, Letters North. 

1Ikw";i ibtbbs, Department oi Norfolk, i 
Norfolk, January 9th, 1862. i 
Persona wishing to send letters to the United stairs will 
observe the following directions: 

1. Letters must have on the envelope, in addition to the 
address of the person to whom they are intended, " Via Nor- 
folk ami Flag oi Truce." 

l'. Write no inure than one page. 

::. Enclose money to pay tin- I'nited states postage. 

4. Do not address letters to Gen. Huger. 

Ben i. Huger, .Ir. 
First Lii "'. /furl inul V. I>. ('. 

In May. 1865, the plates, stamps, archives, etc., were 
surrendered to the l". S. authorities at Chester, S. ('.. 
and were probably transferred to Washington. The 
full history of the Postoffice Department of the Con- 
federate States cannot be written until these archives 
are open for examination. 

Six months elapsed between the tiring on fort 
Sumter | April 11th, 1861 I, and tin- issue of the stamps 
by the general Government (October 18, 1861), and 
the mails were transported regularly. Many millions 
of letters were forwarded during that time. The bulk 
of these were probably destroyed at the time, but there 

' PA Oi"'' 

id 11 42 4:s 

must still be in existence an enormous quantity of 
letters bearing the stamps used at that period. Some 
of these stamps are quite rare, and possibly there may 
be some varieties not hitherto known to stamp col- 
lectors. Many of the temporary or "loose" stamps 
were used after the general stamps were issued. In- 
deed some seem to have been made by Postmasters in 

The scarcity of Stamps was, generally, in proportion 
to the number of the inhabitants using them. Below 
is a list of most of the known stamps, with the num- 
ber of the illustration. 

Mlii.tritiOD Nil. 

Athens, Ua B 

Charleston, s. c U-12 

Danville, Va 16-1 1 

Goliad, Tex in 

Kingston, Tenn L9 

Lenoir. N.C 21 

Lyi cbbunr, Va i':; 

.Mil. lis,, li, l-'lii »i 

Memphis, Trim 28-29 

Nashville, Tenn II 12 

Petersburg, Va :u 

Pleasant Shade, \':i ::t 

Ringgold, Oa 89 

Tellico Plains. Tenn -12 

lllimrftllon No. 

Baton Rouge, La 9-10 

Columbia, 6. C 18 

Prederlcksburgi Va 16 

i.ivini \ Me. Ala 17 

Knoxvllle, Tenn 19 20 

Livingston, Ala 22 

Mm 011, Ha 24-25 

Mm V;i 27 

Mobile, Ah, 80 

NewOrleans, 1 . ^ * mi 

Pittsylvania, Va 8G 

Rheatown, linn 88 

Sal. -in. N. r 111-11 

Vlotorla, Tex 48 

Of Nos. 

General issues. Nos 1,2,3, 1, 5, 6, and 7 

(land 7 many millions were used and a large quantity 
was in the different offices at the close of the Civil 
War. Hence they are often offered, in quantities, 
unused. A few of them arc very rare. 

Nora—Any information us to the general or special condi- 
tions under \\ hich the mails were transported, or any other pos- 
tal matters will lie gladly acknowledged. Please address F. A. 
Nasi. Bos 959, New York City. He wouM be glad to purchase 
the stamps or stamped envelopes. Mr. Nast is commended us 
a thoroughly trust-worthy gentleman. 





A. M. Chandler. West Point. Miss.: I was engaged 
in the battle of Chickamauga, belonged to the Forty- 
fourth Mississippi Regiment, Patton Anderson's Bri- 
gade, Hind man's Division, Our brigade, on Saturday, 
September 19, '63, held the bridge at the Lee and Gor- 
don mill until 12 o'clock. Then we were ordered to 
the right and forded the river to reinforce other por- 
tions of our line near Crawfish Springs, We were 
marched from point to point until dark, and then 
ordered to the rem- to dry our clothing. At that time 
we were nearthe spot where the bravi Gen. Preston 
Smith was killed. On Sunday morning w< relieved 
Peas' brigade aftertheyhad carried two lines of log 
breast works. In our charge we ran over Deas 1 brigade, 
where they were lying down in an old field near where 
you have figure il marked on your map. Our regi- 
ment captured the Federal battery there. We also 
got the colors ol' the Seventy-fourth Pennsylvania 
Regiment, one of our company making a crutch of the 
Bag-staff. In this charge we. our brigade led by Gen- 
eral Hindman. broke the Federal Line and droyi them 
nearly one mile, when we were recalled and reformed, 
and marched hack to the old field, which was literally 
covered with dead and wounded yankees. There 
General Hindman stopped his horse in rear of our 
company, when I said to him, "General, we are the 
boys to move them''' He replied, "You are, sir." 
We were then orderd to the foot of B long ridge, 
heavily WOOded. After remaining there lying down 
for some twenty minute.-, the yankees charged our 

brigade, just aa Barksdale's brigade of the Vii 

Army charged On our right. I do not know the name 

of this old field we charged through in the morning. 
nor the name of the ridge where the yankees chargi d 
us at about '_' p. m. 1 hope this may he of some ser- 
vice to the history. 


.1. A. MATIIK-. BE* vi V, M<>. 

(apt. B. H. Teaguc Aiken. S. ('.: In a recent num- 
ber of the Veteran you gave an account of a Virginia 
company which had on its roll several brothers of the 
same name. Below 1 give you the roll of a company 
from South Carolina which 1 think will head the List 
for number of relatives and similarity of names in 
one company. It had 142 men, and among them were 
•2* by the name of (Winter. 13 of JoneB, s of Garwin, 
and 5 of Gantt. Of the Gunters it is Baid sixteen 
played on the violin. The regiment to which it be- 
longed served most of its time on the sea coast of 
Smith Carolina, consequently it Buffered little loss, ae 

it was not in many engagements: hut during the last 
year ol' the war it was ordered to Virginia, when ii 
did hard and nohle service. At tir.-t. not being accus- 
tomed, like Lee's soldiers, to take care of themselves, 

and led by tield officers — the "bravest of the hrave" 
who encouraged them to "stand Square up in line." 
they suffered terribly in their first tights with the 
enemy, losing in a short time their gallant Colonel 
and other field officers. Their numbers were so full 
when they landed in Virginia that their fun-loving 
neighbors in the army called them "the Twentieth 
Army Corps." But the twentieth proved to be of the 
"besl metal." and made an honorable reputation as a 
part of the glorious Army of Northern Virginia. 

Capt. Teague kindly sends a roster of the company. 
giving the names of its membership, and reports the 
living and the dead. 

I -i i an article in the November VETERAN eorreeting 
the account of the battle of Wilson's Creek. The Fed- 
eral were completely routed. They left their Gen- 
eral Lyons dead on the tield. lying in the hot sun 
with a handkerchief ovei Bailey Armstrong 

and comrade \ r. b Sexier discovered him as they were 
pursuing the yankees. or Dutch, who ran for their 
liv quaintedwith Lyons in St. Louis, 

and seeing the epaulets he raised the handkerchief and 
recognized him. lie and Armstrong carried him to 

a -hade. Our cavalry followed the enemy to the rail- 
road at Holla, about fiftj ity-five miles away, 
capturing many of them. They Lost two to our 
at Wilson's Creek, although not more than two-thirds 

of US were armed. 

We were not whipped a1 all at Tea Ridge. Nobody 
wanted to fall back but Van Dorn We drove them 
from every posit took R. M T my 

Captain, heard General Price ask General Van Dorn 

for tour hours to rout the !■ ompletely. On 

being refused, asked for two hours in which to rout 
them, but Van Dorn ordered him to fall back. Gen- 
irned his horse with tear- in his i vee 
At Prairie Grove w< whipped the enemy from early 
morn until dark, driving them from every position. 
We killed and wounded as many again as they did of 
us, yet at midnight we were ordi red to march by day- 
light, when we ret,i ated again. < Ine-third of the army 
would go no farther south, a- they could see nothing 

to run from, ami they deserted by the fifties. If we 

could have had Tap Price in command on this side of 
the river there would have been a different tale to tell 
to this day. 

In permitting the above criticism of General Van 
Dorn, so long dead, the explanation is made that the 
soldiers often erred in judgment because they could 
not tell the numbers and positions of the enemy. In 
this instance it seems that when Gen. Sterling l'rice 
manifested such anxiety to advance, that with good 
reason theBoldiers would have been dissatisfied. Mr. 
Mathes' account is somewhat abbreviated, but is direct 
and strong. 

A\ old | in from "The hand We Love." by a lady 

of Louisiana, contains some pathetic stanzas 

• • • • 

All ! different from tlie longed for day. 
When back vvimlil come the dear old gray. 
With glory crowned, with victory gay, 

» * • * 

A- hope bad painted them. 

Yet tin-si- had fought in Freedom's caw 
\ini known, nor let, nor doubt, nor pause , 
They gloried in the glorious Bears, 

That leir souls to liberty. 

They rushed in whirlwinds to the fight, 
They swept the foe before their might, 
They gave t heir blood and lives tor right, 

sacred soil and victory. 

They fainted in the summer's heat. 
They marked the snow with bleeding ■ 

They starved and fought in cold aiel sl< 

si ■• * 



£hc (Confederate Uctcvitn. 

One Dollar a Year. 8. A. CUNNINGHAM. Editor. 

Office at The American, Corner Church and < lurry Bta. 

Thlt. publication Is t h.- personal property of 3. A. Cunningham. 
All persons who approve such publication, :m<l realise us benefits 
as an organ ror associations throughout the South, are requested to 

commend It* patronage and to co-operate la extending It. 


"Uncle" John Cox. of Sweetwater, Texas, on being 
relieved of a yankee minie ball last month, which he 
had carried since Chickamauga, said: "Now, more 
than ever, I am ready to makepeace with the yankees." 
The occasion of the remark produced the honest ex- 
pression of the man's heart. 

Tin- occupation of editing this popular little monthly 
and sending into every State in the Union has brought 
in return comment from the ex-soldiers of both armies, 
and enables me to testify that "our friends, the en- 
emy," are indeed (hi; riiiKNiis. This evidence comes 
from across "the chasm" to an amazing degree. The 
VETERAN has looked after the interests of the Confed- 
erate side courageously and faithfully. It has even 
been so zealous in behalf of those who struggled and 
suffered without any pay in the defense of their homes 
and their constitutional rights, that it has at least 
seemed to show too much disparity in our favor in 
the history of battles, yet never a murmur has been 
heard from those who overwhelmed us with their un- 
limited resourcesand the foreigners imported to save ( ?) 
our QniOn. The Southern people have been so mis- 
represented that with an available source for expres- 
sion they naturally are zealous to get even. They 
may do themselves injustice in this way. Union sol- 
diers, regardless of party affiliation, are giving Con- 
federates unstinted credit in late publications. There 
lies in my desk a superb volume with "Charge!" on 
the cover, which illustrates this assertion. It is a his- 
tory of the One Hundred and Eighteenth Pennsyl- 
vania, known as tin "< lorn Exchange" Regiment. A 
valiant Confederate who has carefully read it says, " It 
is marvelously free from boasting, and is fair through- 
out." There is in it some sad reports of prison life in 
the South. They found that men in the rear on guard 
duty were not as gallant and considerate as those who 
captured them, and they report many things that seem 
Unfair even in war: but history should record the truth. 
Other Union soldier publications are similar of late. 
In thifi connection reference is made to what the 
Veteran has heretofore stated on the subject of prison 
life. It appeals to the brave men who captured thou- 
sands of us and remained at the front to the end, to 
favor a true history of our treatment by those who 
never saw Confederates until they were prisoners. 

Our true patriots will be gratified all over the South 
at the active tendency by Union veterans to show their 
appreciation of the manliness and devotion to the 

cause that cost s>> much and was lost I '.' I at last. They 
will so appreciate a compliment to the VETERAN troin 
Michigan it is here recited: A gentleman wdio is hon- 
ored wherever known as a minister, a lecturer, and 
college professor, who was South last fall, and at Nash- 
ville, where he became acquainted with the VETERAN, 
» rite- [te editor a cordial invitation t,, attend the an- 
nual reunion of the Grand Army Veterans, to occur 
atowosso .March ii( )--Jii. He state- thai he has writ- 
ten the Department Commander and suggested that 
he might invite me, ami the reply was a cordial ap- 
proval; also that they would •'gladly welcome the 
editor of the Veteran to Michigan and to meet with 
the!,. A. H. boys at their evening camp tires during 
the encampment," The author of the letter, though a 
private soldier boy and wounded, has been Depart- 
ment Commander of the Grand Army of the Republic 
for Michigan, arid his politics may be of the popular 
side in his State, but in his cordial letter he says: " I 
want you to be my guest at Owosso as well as at my 

home in . I hope you can spend Sunday with 

us. I want my wife and boys to see a genuine 
Confederate soldier." 

This article is intended to apply to Americans only, 
and to volunteers, not substitutes. 

Mb. Davis was the last of the last to give up and 
he honored in his heart those on whom he implicitly 
relied to the end. At the dedication of the lien Hill 
monument, in Atlanta, Mr. Davis, who was on the 
platform, said: "I came here silently, reverently, lov- 
ingly, to see unveiled the statue of my friend, as one 
who wanted to show him respect. * * * Hut I can 
say something of my dead friend. If he was last to 
precipitate the States in war he was the last to give it 
up. When the South was under the power of a con- 
quering enemy his voice rang out the loudest and the 
clearest for the^right of State sovereignty. His" Notes 
on the Situation" kindled the fires of the people, in- 
viting them to renew the struggle. He was one man 
upon whom 1 could count in the days of the Confed- 
eracy, and upon whose shoulders 1 could put my hand 
and feel a pillar of marble. He had nothing to ask, 

and much to give. 

v ■ 

Home fob Female Confederates ln Charleston. — 

This "oldest" of Homes for Confederates is in its 
twenty-seventh year. It is for women only, the moth- 
ers, widows and daughters of Confederate soldiers. It 
was founded and has been managed by women. It has 
housed hundreds of widows and educated nearly a 
thousand daughters of Confederate soldiers. The as- 
sociation owns a valuable and extensive building, for- 
merly the Carolina hotel, on Broad street. At its 
twenty-sixth anniversary meeting, January 30th, a 
gift of twenty thousand dollars was announced from 7>'u/- 
timore. The gift is the finer because the name of the 
donor is withheld. 




The first John Milledge of Georgia was born in Eng- 
land, and came to America with Oglethorpe. He be- 
came a man of affairs in the new colony, and held 
.several important trusts, civic and military. His 
commission as commander of a troop of rangers, dated 
March 29, 1742, was signed by -las. < tglethorpe. 

In 1768, "while a member of the colonial assembly, 
he was one of a committee to correspond with Benja- 
min Franklin, agent "ii> arrange the affairs of Georgia 
with Great Britain." 

The Captain and liis family had a pew in Christ 
Church, Savannah, "in consideration of six pounds 
and ten shillings," receipted July 5, 17< 

Milledgeville, the former capital of the State, was 
named in honor of Gov. John Milledge. 

His son. Got. John Milledge, was born in Savannah 
in 17">7. He commenced the study of law with the 
king's attorney, tie was bo engaged at the breaking 
out of the Revolutionary War. when bul eighteen 
years of age he was one of the six who broke open 
the magazine at Savannah and took away a large 
quantity of powder. Some of it was stored in Savan- 
nah, some Sent to Beaufort, and a part of it to Boston, 
where hostilities had commenced, and with it the 
battle of Bunker Hill was fought. The royal Governor, 
Wright, offered a reward of 1150 for the capture of the 
raiders, hut they, instead of inviting arrest, waited B 
month and then captured the Governor in his own 
house, wherein they confined him. In this he was a 
leading spirit . He was in Savannah when it was taken 

by the British, but escaped. 

In January, 1780, he was appointed Attorney < 
eral. This was the beginning of his civil career. He 
served in the Legislature, and was in Congress in 1792 
and ''.i:i, from 1795 to 1799, and in 1801 and 1802. He 

was immediately elected to the United States senate. 

where he served three years, the Last year as its Presi- 
dent. In this year, 1809, being only 52 years old, he 
resigned his seat and gave up public life. 

In April, 1802, he was one of three commissioners 
on the part of Georgia who negotiated with thn 
pointed by the President, a treaty by which Georgia 
ceded the most ol her western territory to the United 
states for (1,250,000 and other considerations. Al- 
though confronted by three statesmen of the highest 
national reputation, the ( reorgians made BO satisfactory 
■ settlement of a bitterly contested question that they 
received by a unanimous vote the thanks of the Legis- 
lature. Governor Milledge retired to his plantation 
on the Sand Hills, near Augusta, w here he died in 1818. 

While Mr. Jefferson's epitaph on his tomb is in- 
scribed the "Father of the University of Virginia," 
Governor Milledge was the " Benefactor of the Uni- 
versity of Georgia." Governor Milledge bought and 
conveyed to the University at Athens nearly 700 acres 
of land. Upon this land the college buildings and a 
great part of Athens now stand. Its first commence- 
ment was held in 1804. 

There hangs in the State Library, Atlanta, a hand- 
some painting o\' this eminent Georgian. It is the 

work o( the late Miss Kate Elliott Milledge, the only 

granddaughter of Governor Milledge. she was the 
daughter of the late Col. John Milledge, and a sister 
to the present state Librarian, Capt. John Milledge, 

win. was a Confederate soldier, serving as First Lieu- 
tenant and Captain in 1st Georgia regiment, and after- 
ward Captain of artillery under Gen. Lee. 



The public, after thirty-two years, will read with 
interest the following extracts from a letter of Gen. 
Albert Sidney Johnston, dated Pecatur. Ala., March, 
1862, to Mr Davis, concerning movements of the army 
under him : 

* * * I received the dispatches from Richmond, 
with your private letter, by Capt. Wicklifle, three .lays 
since, but the pressure of affairs and the necessity of 
getting my command across the I" . i , 1 1 . — . . prevented 
me from sending you an earlier reply. 

1 anticipated all that you have told me as to the 
censure which the fall of Fort Donelson drew upon me, 
ami the attacks to which you might be subjected, but 
it was impossible for me to gather the facts lor a 
detailed report, or to spare time which was required 
to extricate the remainder of mv troops and save the 
large accumulation of -tores and provisions after that 

I transmitted the reports of Generals Floyd and Pil- 
low without examining or analyzing the facts, and 
scarcely taking time to read them. 

When about to assume the command of this Depart- 
the Government charged me with the duty of 

deciding the question of occupying Bowling Green, 
Kentucky, which involved not only military, but 
political, considerations. 

* * * About the middle of September Gen. Buck- 
m r advanced with a small force of about 4,000 men, 
which was increased by the 15th of October to Ilmhki, 

and though accessions of force were received, it con- 
tinned at about the same strength until the end of 
November, measles ami other diseases keeping down 
the effective force. The enemy's force was then 
reported to the War Department at "><l,(MHt. and an 

advance- wa< impossible. 

* * * Believing it to be of the greatest moment 
to protract the campaign, as the dearth of cotton might 
bring strength from abroad and discourage the North. 
and to gain time to strengthen myself by new troops 
from Tern iid other States. I magnified my 
forces to the enemy, but made known my true 
strength to the Department and the Governors of 
States Tie aid given was small. At length, when 

Beauregard came out in February, lie expn 
uprise at tie smallness of my t> i was 

impressed with the danger of my position. I admit- 
ted what was so manifest, and laid before him mv 
views for the future, in which lie entirely concurred, 
ami sent me a memorandum of our conference, a copy 
of which I send to you. 1 determined to tight for 
Nashville at Donelson, and have the best part of my 
army to do it. retaining only 14,000 to cover my front, 
and giving 16,000 to defend Donelson. 

The force at Donelson IE stated in Gen. Pillow's 
report at much less, and I do not doubt the corn 
of his statement, for the force at Bowling < rreen, which 
I supposed to be 14,000 effective men (the medical 
report showing only a little over 500 sick in the hos- 
pital), was diminished more than 5,000 by those who 
were unable to stand the fatigue of a march, and made 
my force, on reaching Nashville, less than 10,000 

Had I wholly uncovered my front to defend I 1 
son, Buell would have known it. and marched directly 



on Nashville. There were only ten small steamers in 
umberland, in imperfect condition — only three 
of which were available at Nashville, while the trans- 
portation of the enemy was great. 

The evacuation of Bowlin was imperatively 

ssary, and was ordered Before, and was executed 
while the battle was being foughl at Donelson. 1 had 
made every disposition for the defense ol the fort my 
- allowed, and the troops were among the best of 
my force. The Generals, Floyd, Pillow and Buckner, 
were high in the opinion of officers and men for skill 
ami courage, and among the best officers of m\ 
mand. They were popular with the volunteers, and 
all had seen much service. No reinforcements were 
asked. [ awaited the event opposite Nashville. The 
result of the conflict each day was favorable. At mid- 
night "ii the 15th 1 received new- of a glorious victory ; 
at dawn, a retreat. 

My column, during the day ami night, was thrown 
over the river; a Lattery had been established below 
the city ti> secure the passage. Nashville was incapa- 
Me of defense from its position, and from the forces 
advancing from Bowling Green and up the Cumber- 
land. A rear guard was left under Gen. Floyd to 
secure the -tore- and provisions, but did not com- 
pletely effect the object. The people were terrified, 
and some of the troops were disheartened. The dis- 
couragement was spreading, and 1 ordered the com- 
mand to M urfreeshoro. where ] managed, by assembling 
Crittenden's I hvision and the fugitives from I tonelson. 
to collect an army and oiler battle. The weather was 
iii' lenient, the floods excessive, and the bridges were 
washed away, hut most of the stores and provisions 
were saved and conveyed to new depots. 

This having heen accomplished, though with serious 
loss, in conformity with my original design, 1 marched 
southward, and crossed the Tennessee at this point, so 
as to co-operate or unite with (Jen. Beauregard, for the 
defense of the Valley of the Mississippi. The passage 
is almost completed, and the head of my column is 
already with (Jen. Bragg, at Corinth. The movement 
was deemed too hazardous by the most experienced 
members of my stall', hut the object warranted the risk. 
* * I have given this sketch so that you may 
appreciate the embarrasment which surrounded me in 
my attempts to avert or remedy the disaster of Fort 
Donelson hefore alluding to the conduct of the Gen- 

When the force was detached 1 was in hopes that 
such disposition would have heen made as would have 
enabled the force to defend the fort, or withdraw with- 
out sacrificing the army. On the 14th 1 ordered Gen. 
Floyd hy telegraph, " If he lost the fort to get his 
troops to Nashville." It is possible that this might 
have been done, but justice requires us to look at 
events as they appeared at the time, and not alone by 
the light of subsequent information. It appears from 

the information received that Gen. Buckner, being 

the junior officer, took the lead in advising the sur- 
render, and that Gen. Floyd acquiesced, and they all 
cdncurred in the belief that their force could not main- 
tain its position- all concurred that it would require 
a great sacrifice of life to extricate the command. 
Subsequent events show that the investment was 

not SO complete as their information from their SCOUtS 
led them to believe. The conference resulted in the 
Surrender. The command was irregularly transferred, 
and devolved upon the junior ( ieneral. but not appar- 

ently to avoid any ju>t responsibility, or from any 
want of personal or moral intrepidity. The blow was 

most disastrous, and almost without a remedy. 1. 

then fore, in my lirst report, remained silent. This 
silence you were kind enough to attribute to mv gen- 
erosity. I will not lay claim to the motive to excuse 
my course. 1 observed silence, as it seemed th< 

way to serve the cause of the country. The facts were 
not fully known, discontent prevailed, and criticism 
and condemnation were more likely to augment than 
cure the evil. I refrained, well knowing that heavy 
Censure would fall upon me. hut convinced that it was 
better to endure such lor the present, and defer to a 

more propitious time the investigation of the conduct 
of the Generals, for. in the meantime their services 
were required ami their influence useful. For these 
reasons Generals Floyd and Pillow were assigned to 
duty, for I still felt confidence in their gallantry, their 
energy, and their devotion to the Confederacy. 

I have thus recurred to the motives by which 1 have 
been governed, from a deep personal sense of the 
friendship and confidence you have always shown me. 
and from the conviction that they have not been 
withdrawn from me in adversity. 

All the reports requisite for a full official investiga- 
tion have been ordered. Generals Floyd and Pillow 
have been suspended from command. ::: * * 

The test of merit in my profession, with the people, 
is success. It is a hard rule, but I think it right. If I 
join this corps to the forces of Gen Beauregard 1 1 con- 
fess, a hazardous experiment), then those who arc now 
disclaiming against me will he without an argument. 
Your friend. A. S. JOHNSTON. 

This letter was read to the Congress, at Richmond, 
by Mr. Barksdale, of Mississippi. In connection with 
it he said : 

"1 hold in my hand an unofficial letter, probably 

the last written by the lamented deceased, to the chief 
executive of the Confederacy, to whom he had long 
been united by the ties of friendship, and with whom 
he had enlisted at an early day under the tlag of a 
Government, which, together they had abandoned 
when it became the symbol of a monstrous despotism. 
These facts triumphantly vindicate his fame as a true 
patriot, and an able and skillful military leader. This 
letter, written undermost trying circumstances, shows 
that no trace of passion was visible in the awful sever- 
ity of the pure, brave and undaunted spirit in which 
it originated. It is a simple recital of tacts in justifi- 
cation of his actions, before which the calumnies of 
the ignorant or the wicked will flee like mist before 
the brow of day. lb- has left a noble example of mag- 
nanimity in the midst of unjust complaint, and ot 
courage and fortitude amid disaster." 

Will Hubert, Adjutant Camp L.Q.C. Lamar,Santa 

Anna, Texas: At a called meeting of this Camp the 

Confederate Veteran was adopted as its organ. 

Send some sample copies; it will help to secure more 

The Baptist and Reflector, Nashville: The Confeder-^ 
ate Veteran for January is full of interesting inci- 
dents and descriptions of the late war. Whatever 
one's sympathies as to that unhappy period, he can 
but enjoy reading the amusing scenes and the stories 
of valor which occurred on either side. 





It was known that the Federals situated at Beverly, 
West Ya.. could easily be captured if taken by Bur- 
prise, ami Gen. Rosser, encamped at Swoope's depot, 


undertook it. EI is brigade was composed of the 7th. 
11th and 12tb Virginia cavalry regiments, and also 
White's Battalion, known formerly as Turner Aahby's 
Cavalry. Rosser was appointed Commander after the 
battle of Gettysburg. He ordered an inspection of 
all our horses, and finding there were not enough able 
horses in his brigade, he 
sent to other commands' 
for volunteers. Some 
North Carolinians, and 
maybe some South Car- 
olinians, joined us until 
we were :'.(«» strong. Our 
camp was twelve miles 
from Staunton, in Au- 
gusta County. On the 
L2th of January. '65, we 
took up our march, going 
westward. Thesnow was 

six inches deep on the 
Mart, and we ramped ;it 
the head of the " COW- 

pasture Valley " the first 

night. On the loth we 
continued w est w a rd . 
through the mountains. 
That night we camped 
at Medowel, in High- 
land County, on ground 
where stonewall Jack- 
son fought in '62. The 1 Ith being Sunday, we remained 
in camp. That evening, while on dress parade, (011. 
Rosser made a speech, explaining what he wished us 

to do. and that w c might have all the Spoils. Monday 
morning we passed through Monterey, and on to the 

small village of Hightown, where each man tilled his 
surcingle with hay. That night we camped on the 
east side of the Alleghenies. Oh! how it did rain and 
We had trouble getting tires started, but with 
hay for pine and split rails for kindling, we succeeded. 
We had a ration of Hour hut no cooking utensils, bu1 
overcame that by spreading out gum blankets and 

pouring on the flour, the 
rain being sufficient to 

make dough, then tak- 
e dough .-ind press- 
ing it on a fence rail he- 
tore the tire to bake, with 
broad rai I- to cover it to 
.no We 

enjoyed thai stlppcr. We 

stretched out I 

the lire for the night . 

Tic following morning 

w as clearand bright, but 

a cold wind was hl<>\\ nig. 

We arrived on top of the 

heney Mountains 

after hard travel, hut 

found it moredifficult to 

id, a- t he snow was 

' .and had melted 

in places and fro/en into 

great sheet- of ice. After 
■ A lleghe- 

nies and arriving at the 
1 of ( heat Mountain. 

we halted .and fed our 
horse-. The -now here was two feet and a half deep. 
ami we met with the same difficulty in decending it 
sis the Alleghenies. Arriving at the foot we still had 
Tiger Mountain to cross. When on top of that and 
in descending it, the hardest hail storm I ever saw 
came pelting down upon us. Our horse- stopped and 
turned around, causing si complete stand-still for some 


minutes. When in the little valley, we stopped sit a 
farm house close to the roadside ami fed our hi 
It was now between sundown and dark, and 
as our horses had eaten we resumed our inarch, 
although we had nothing to eat. Before reaching 



Beverley, we left the pub- 
lic road and traveled by 
paths, and were bo strung 
jout that our line was per- 
haps a mile long. Fi- 
nally, coming to an open 
space, we were halted un- 
til all the command came 
up, when we again moved 
in order to within a short 
distance "t tin- Federal 
camp. Their houses were 

of logs and in rOWB, with 

narrow alleys between. It 
wa< now about 5 o'clock 
in the morning. We dis- 
mounted and tied our 
horses - no number fours 
were allowed. We fell in 
line on foot, the com- 
mand being whispered 
alone the line. When 
within fifty yards of the 
30Uth end of their quar- 
ters, and when sufficient men had passed the last row 
of houses, making the number about equal for each 
alley, the command was given in loud tones, "left 
Hank, charge' " 

The yell that we instantly set up echoed from 
mountain to mountain in the still, dark night, and 
made the yankees think that live thousand Johnnies 


and night. <)n the I8tb we started for home, hut 
returned by a different route, and camped one night 
at Warm Springs, in Bath County. When we arrived 
at our own camp with our prisoners, we turned them 
over to that part of the command that are left in 
camp, for we were nearly worn out. 



were at their doors. In less than twenty-live minutes 
ile \ were our prisoners, and they numbered five hun- 
dred and ten. Now came the leant sure enough, and 
we had plenty to eat and plenty to drink. Alter our 
hunger was satisfied, we found that, there were five 
stores in Beverly belonging to the Federals, and we 
opened store for awhile. We sold hats, caps, hoots. 
shoes and clothing at a " very low profit." That fore- 
noon we moved I he prisoners on about two miles west 
■of Beverly, and remained there the rest of that day 

Friday, February 9th, 

Gen. Lucius B. Northrop, 
aged S'2 years, died at the 
Confederate Home, Pike- 
ville. He was horn Sep- 
tember 8, 1811, in Charles- 
ton, S. ('., and was the son 
of Amos Boyd Northrop, 
a lawyer of Charleston. 

When seventeen years old 
he entered the Military 
Academy at West Point, 
and was graduated in 1831. 
Ile was a class mate at 
West Point of Jefferson 
I (avis, and the friendship 
formed lasted through Mr. 
I 'avis' career as President 
of the Confederacy. 
When South Carolina se- 
ceded from the I'nion 
Captain Northrop was 
among the first to resign 
his commission in the I '. 
S. Army. After the Pro" 
visional Government was established at Montgomery, 
Ala., President Davis offered him the post of Commis- 
sary < reneral, which, after declining twice, he accepted. 
He accompanied President Davis and the Confederate 
Cabinet to Richmond in May, l.SGl, and he proceeded 
to organize the Commissary Department. He re- 
mained at the head of the department until a few 
weeks before the surrender at Appomattox Court 
House. Upon the close of the war he went to farm- 
ing in North Carolina. In July, 1X65, he was arrested 




by order of Secretary of War Stan too, and was con- 
fined in Libby Prison, at Richmond, until the follow- 
ing November, when he was discharged and paroled 
mi condition that he would not leave Virginia. He 
purchased a farm in Albemarle County, near Char- 
lottesville, Va., and lived thereuntil February, 1890, 
when he was stricken with paralysis. He was then re- 
moved to Baltimore County, and lived there until his 
death. He handled large sums of money in his offi- 
cial position, with clean hands, and was poorer at the 
close of ilif Civil War than at its beginning. 

Among the floral offerings at the funeral there was 
a large cross of roses and lilies from the Maryland 
Line Confederate Soldiers' Home. 



B1 1. D, m'amv. trABBKNSBl'BG, TENS. 

(Jen. Hardee's Corps was ordered bj Gen. Joseph K. 
Johnston from Dalton, <c.t.. to Demopolis, Ala. in 
April. 1864, to reinforce Gen. Leonidas Polk 

Rice, of the Twenty-ninth Tennessee Regiment, was 
ordered to take Provost charge of the town with his 
regiment. The court house was our headqua 
We found a few Confederates under guard for insu- 
bordination. Among them was a fine Looking young 
fellow who had on a beautiful bright, new gray uni- 
form, and was very hadsome. He said his name was 
I*. K. 1 »rew, and that he was b Lieutenant of a Louisi- 
ana battery. We remained on posl duty about a week. 
when we were ordered hack to Dalton. During this 
time Lieut. Drew, by his refined manner, had become 
a great favorite with us. When informed thai our 
regiment had orders to return to Dalton he expi 
his attachment, earnestly asked us to let him g<> with 
Us. and said he would go in the ranks as a private 

we took young Drew with us to Dalton. He joined 
Company G, and was in the front rank in every charge. 
At Rosacea, Cenesaw Mountain. Dead Angle, Peach- 
tree Creek, he was conspicuous, <'n the 22d day of 
July our Corps (Hardee's) moved to the right of At- 
lanta and surprised Gen. F. P. Blair's Corps and cap- 
tured 3,000 prisoners, with twenty-eight field pieces of 
artillery. He showed great bravery in this en) 
ment, and also in the battle of Jonesboi 

<>n Hood's campaign to Tennessee young Drew 
rushed into the jaws of death at Franklin. As we 
neared the second line of breastwork-, after five color 
hearers had been shot down, he dropped bis gun, caught 
the colors from the ground and rushed forward With 
them. He was pierced through the heart just as he 
reached the second line of works. Thus ended the 
life of this noble and brave young man. He was 
buried the next day with his comrades. My recol- 
lection is that he said he was raised in New Orleans. 
If you will publish this in the Veteran his people 
may learn by it his fate. I would cheerfully give them 
information in detal. 

Company G went into the battle of Franklin with 
eighteen guns. Fifteen of the men were killed, and 
the sixteenth was shot through the bowels and died 
the next day, so only two were left. Only seventy 
of the brigade were present and answered to their 
names the next day. Lieut. Shipley was the ranking 
officer present, and he took charge of this remnant of 
the brigade. 

Gen .Inn B < tonkin, General Commanding Atlanta. Qa. 

n Ueo Moorman. Adjt Gen and Chief of Staff. New Orleans, l.a. 


d Fred B l immander Montgomery 

Col Harvej i Joi a and Chief of Staff...... Monfaj 

iull Williams, Brgladler General 

.1 no M McKleroy, Brigadier General lunlston 

POSTOl ' CAMP. so. 

r PO ..Oapl W A Hand:. 

Albertvllle I amp Miller 

a li xandrls \ lexandris 

Alexander City I •■ 
Andalusia Harper 

Annlston .Pelbam. 

A-hiai .1 Henry l>. Claytoi 


Athena . Tboa I. Hobbe 4im 

Auhurn Annum 

Bessemer.. Bessemer 1ST. 

Birmingham W J Hardee » 

Bridgeport. Jo Wh< • l< i Ml 

Camden. Franklin K. Beck —t 

ollton. Camp Pickens 'W 

Carthage Woodmfl 

i 'oalburs I atbam . iM 

Dadei ill. Crawf-Klmbal. 

Edwardsvllle. Camp Wlggonton ..«* 

Evergreen < apt Wm Lee 

nee i \ • • \. . 

Port I'ayiif W N 263. 

Km ma Sanson 

Gaylesvllle John IVIhain 411 

nsboro Mien c. Jonas 2w 

ovlhi Ham 'I l. Idame 

Ouln Ex-Confederate 116 

Guntenn llle Mom. GUbreatb 

Hatnllton Marlon ( onnu 

Hartai i Friendship 

Hnntsvllle Egbert I Jones 

Jacksonville Ool. Jas. B. Martin, .vj 

LaFayelte A. A. Oreeni 

Livingston i amp Snmter Xti 

Low'i I 

Lowndeaboro TJ Bullock 

id I W Garrett S77 

Madison Bts a \ Ruast u 

Mobile.. Kapha* i Bemmes, 1 1 

More rg. W Foster 4n7 

I omai 161 

Opellk:, I . . ■ i ountj 

Oxford I 

Osark Ozark 

p St. wart 

Pearee's Mill ... Rob< till. 

Roanoke. .. \tkan-8mltb 2«3 

I-..TI S|.r Mi K. Ithl ■ 
Rockfnrd. II. i.r\ \\ i ..v zri. 

asboro HB I 4:m 

lame* F. Waddel 

Selma. Catesbj R Jones.. . HIT. 

Bprlngvllle . Bprlngvllle 

Stroud i lamp McLei 

st. Stephens .. John Jamei 
Bummerfleld. „Ool. Garrett 981 

TalladegH Charles M. shell. 

Thom eander McFarland 878 

Tuscumbla.. James Desbler SIS. 

Tusksloosa i amp Rodi -. 382 

Tn.y Camp Ruffln 

Vniontown Tom Calema 

Verbena . i amp Uracil 
Vernon CampO'Nes 
Wetumpka Elmore < ounty, 
Wedowee Randolph 316. 

OFFll't E18. 

M V Mulllns, H A Brown 

W II \sa Rav 

i Martin, V. Tciark 
i; M l bomas, \ a smiih 
J do. F. Thomas, J, M. Robin- 
son, 8r. 
John M. McKleroy. W. H. 

v - Stockdale, 1> 1, Campbell 
John W. Inner. Jas. I>. Truss 


li. Ii Smith, James H. Lane 
w. i; Jones, N. H. Bewail 
K E Jom a, P K McMUler 
.1. H. Johnson. R. A. Jones 
R. Galllard. J. I- Foster 
M. L. Staosel, B. Cpchurch 
Jno S Powers. .1 A Blllotl 
J H Brock, his W Barnhart 
\V i Mcintosh. Wm. L. Rowe 
w P Howell. T J Burton 

H. Cole. F. H. Mundr 

I' I) Bowles. 

\ M i I'Neal, J. m. Crow 
J N Davidson, A PMeCartney 
Ja*. Aiken. Jos |; |h: L 
B r « I, '• W H Bel! 

\ M tverj . I . I. Pasteui 

I i < t. nshaw, v E l ley 

w N II 

. R T Coles. J I. Burke 
A J Hamilton, J F Hamilton 
Matt K Mali an. T J Simpson 

Tuni. r, W M Krskine 
.1 H Caldwell, L. W. Grant 
.J.J. Robinson, Geo. H. Black 

...B t bapman. 

. B li p..rt i«. N J McDonnell 
J I. II i n son. c [i Whitman 
J cal Moore, Tbomas Hudson 
w T Garner, Robt F. Wiggins 
TIiiibT Roche. Am E Mlckle 
w w McMillan, D I. Neville Llebels, J H Hlgglns 
R. M. Greene. J. y. Bin 
Tboa H Barrv. John T Pearoe 
W R Painter. J I. Williams 
J N Hood, T. Ferguson 
Jim Fearce. F M 1 lark 
W. A. Hamlley. B. U. Mi 

1 K Jones, W li Whetstone 
F. I. smith, W. T. Johnson, 
I H Yonng, J P Harris 
R. H. Bellamv. P. A l.reene 

Whltbj . F.dw PGalt 
A. W, Woodall, W. J. sprulell 
A J Thompson..! I. Strickland 
\ I Hooks. I M IMham 
Ed Morrow. R B Cater 
W J Rhodes. J T Dye 
Jas N Callahan. Geo B Hal] 
A. H. Keller, I. P. Guy 
A C Hargrove. A P Prime 
W. Ii. Henderson. L.H. Bowles 

. , c c Cnrr 

K Wells, J. A. Mitchell 
I I' 'i ne. T M w 
J t- Mauil. Hal T. Walker 
ii I aloe, R. 8. Pate 


Ma] Gen D M Moore, Commander Forts 

i ..] .1 I Jones, Idlntanl General and i !hiel of start Van lluren 

Jno M Harrell, Brigadier General Hot springs 

J M Bobart, Brigadier General Bentonvllle 


Alma Cabell 202 

Benton David O. Dodd SS5 

Bentonville l amp Cabell 89. 

Booneville Camp Evans.... 

Centre Point .. Haller im-j 

Charleston Pat clchnrne 191 

Conwaj . .1. n Dai Is SIS 

Ka\etteville W. H. Brooks -216. 

Fort Smith Ben T DuVal .... 
Greenway „ Clay Co. V. v-'n 875 

Greenwood. Ben McCuIlocb 1!M. 

Hackett city.... stonewall 

Hope Gratiot 218. 

Hot Springe Albert Pikt MO 

Huntington stonewall 

Little Rock r B Weaver MM 

Morrilton Robert W Harper..2H7. 

Nashville Joe Neal 

Newport Tom Hendman. 


James K. Smith. J. T. Jones 
s H Whltthorne. C E Shoe- 
N s. Henry, v J. Bates 
G W Evans, H BCastleberry 
J. M. Somervell.,!, c. Ansley 
\ 8 Cabell, 

..A. P. Witt. W. D. Cole 
T. M. Gnnter, I. M. Patridge 
M M Gorman, Ool R M Fry 
. J R H 

.Dndley Milum, M stroup 

..I. B Lake. 

N. W. Stewart, John F.Sanor 
Gen Jno M Harrell. A Curl 

.L B Lake. A H Gordon 
Win PCampbelljJ H Paschal 
W. s Hamia. R. W. Harrison 
W K Cowling. E Q Hale 
. T. T. Ward 





Having been one of the Merrimac'e officers, and with 
her daring her whole career, I am somewhat familiar 
with her history. <>n March 8, 1862, the Merrimac, 
with ten guns, destroyed the Cumberland, twenty-four 

guns; Congress, fifty L'tliis: riddled the Minn. -Mia. 

forty-eight guns, and put to flight the St. Lawn no . 
fifty guns, and Roanoke, forty-eight guns. In the en- 
counter with the Monitor on the following day, after 
a fearful combat of five hour.-, when they were fre- 
quently only a few yards apart, the Merrimac having 
only shell, whieh were not effective against the iron 
turret of the Monitor, succeeded in dislodging her 
pilot-house and blinding and otherwise disabling her 
commander. The .Monitor then hauled over the bar 
into shallow water, where the Merrimac could not fol- 
low her. The Merrimac returned to Norfolk and went 
into the dock for repairs, two of her guns having had 
their muzzles shut off, her armor considerably dam- 
Aged, her prow wrenched off, and her steam pipes and 
smoke stack completely riddled. 

On the 11th of April the Merrimac returned to 
Hampton Roads. The Monitor was plainly in sight, 
together with the iron battery Naugatuek and other 
war ships. Seeing no disposition upon their part to 
engage, the Merrimac, to provoke them, sent in two of 
her tenders, the Jamestown and Raleigh, and they cut 
out and brought away one brig and two schooners 
in plain sight of the Federal fleet and of the French 
war ship I rapendi, and of the British Corvette Rinaldo. 

On the 8th of May following, while the Merrimac 
•was at the (iasport Navy Yard, a tremendous lire was 
opened upon the battery at Sewell'e Point by the iron- 
clads Monitor and Naugatuek, and the United States 
steamers Susquehanna, seventeen guns; Dacotah, six 
guns; Seminole, five guns, and San Jacinto, twelve 
guns. The Merrimac immediately got under way and 
proceeded to the scene of conflict, regarding the a I', ark 
as an invitation to come out and fight. Upon getting 
in full view of the situation, we saw just beyond the 
attacking scp.adron the Hag ship M innesota, forty-eight 
guns; Cayuga, six guns: Jamestown, twenty two guns; 
St. Lawrence, fifty guns, and the powerful steamers 
Yanderbilt, Baltimore, Illinois and Asago, especially 
arranged and equipped for running the Merrimac 
down. The Merrimac continued on at full speed, and 
when within about a mile of the nearest vessel, they 
all, with one accord, got under way and ran below 
Fortress Monroe. 

The Merrimac continued the pursuit until the shots 
from the Rip Raps (Fort Wool) were living away be- 
yond her. She steamed slowly about the Roads until 
nearly dark, and then returned to ber anchorage. 

The above facts are matters of record. I challenge 
any one to show by any aut bent ic record or statement 
i hat the Merrimac was ever defeated, thai she ever de- 
clined an engagement, regardless of the number or 
strength of her adversaries, or thai she ever lost an 
opportunity to bring on an engagement if possible. 

In a personal letter Mr. Littlepage says: Please pub- 
lish the inclosed regarding the career of the Merrimac. 

It seems to be so little 111 i( lerstood, and yet no ship 

ever did as much to revolutionize naval warfare and 
to rebuild the navies of the world. 

ARK LNB \- Continued. 


Paris Ben McCullougta 888...J <> Sadler, Win Sm.kI.h 

Prairie Grove Prairie or. .\,- 881... . Wm Mitchell 

Prescotl Wnltei tffl W J Blake, O 8 Jones 

Van Bureo lobn Wallace 209 John Allen, J El 

Waldron Sterling Prloe in I. P Puller, A M Fuller 

SVooster losepb EJobnston-481. W A Milam, w .1 Sloan 


■ I. i .1 Dlcklson, Commander. < leala 

Col Fred 1. Robertson, A.hi Qeueral and Chief ol Btaff Brooks\ llle 

w 1 1 . hlpley, Brlgadtei ' leneral Pensacola 

ij :.. Brigadier ■ leneral i leala 

» i.'ii s g French, Brigadier < leneral Winter Park 


Bartow Francis 8 Bartow. 284 WHReynolds.JA Armlstead 

Brookvllie w. w Lorlng 18 ..J, C Da van t, K. 1.. Robertson 

Chlpley McMillan 217 BW l; nsomG WCook 

i m.i. ■ ' it.v l';i-.-.. C. V. Iss'n.... 67 ..Jas E Lee, a ll Ravesles 

Defnnlak Sp'gs.E. Klrby-Smltb 282 J. T. Stubbs, D. «.. m.-i.. od 

Fernandlna Nassau 104... W. n. Thompson, r. a. Ball 

i ii vi- r n i-m. i...... T. Ward 1*8... W CZImmerman.W STurner 

Jacksonville K. K. Lee iv Win lia\a. W W Tucker 

Jacksonville Jed Davis 280...C. E. Merrill, C. J. Colcock 

Jasper. Btewart 155. ..H. .1. Stewart. J. K. Banns 

Juno Patton Anderson. ..244... . .1 F HlghHmltb 

Lake City Columbia County. ..150...W. K. M .-. \v. M. Ivee 

Marian. in Millon 182. W li Barnes, v Philips 

Montlccllo Patton Anderson.... 69.. W.C. Bird, B. W. Partridge 

Ocala Marion Co. C. V. A... 56...BajEn'l F Marshall, Win Fox 

i irlando Orange Co 51... W i i Johnson. It M Robinson 

Palmetto Geo. T. Ward 68.. J. C Pelot, J. W. Nettles 

Pensacola ....Ward C. V, Ass'n m . w K Anderson, R J Jordan 

Oulncy D. L. Kenan 140.. H. ll. M. Davidson, D. M. Mc- 

st. Augustine... E. Klrby smiiii 176...J \ Enslow, Jr.. 

Sanfoi-il Gen. Jos. Flnnegan..! I8...A. M. Tbrasber, C. ll. Lefler 

SI. Petersburg.. C |. Colquitt 808 W. C Dodd, D. I,. South* lok 

Tallahassee Lamar llil ...David Long, R A Wliitlleld 

Tampa Hillsl.oro Si... F. W. M.-rrin. 11. L. Crane 

TltUSVllle Indian Hiver 47. ...las. l'rit.ha i-.l. A Dl'uben 

Umatilla Lake Co. C. V. A 279...T H Blake, 


Maj Gen Clemen! a Evans, Commander Carters^ ille 

Col A .1 West, Adjutanl General and i thief ..f Staff. Ulimla 


Atlanta Fulton County 159... Clement A Evans.J F Edwards 

Augusta Con. sniviv. Ass'n. ..486.. .F E Eve, F M Stovall 

Carnesvllle MlllganConf. Vet....419 ,J C McCarter, J M Phillips 

Uedartown Polk Co. Con. Vets. ..403 .1 M Arlington, .1 S Stubbs 

Clayton Rabun Co. Con. Vet..420...S M Beck, w H Price 

Covington Jetl'erson Lamar :>ll5...G 1) Heard. . I W Anderson 

Dal ton Jos. nli E Johnston.. S4...A. P. Roberts, J. A. Ulan ton 

Dawson Terrell Co.Con.Vet 404...J w F l.nwr. y. Win Kalgler 

Harrlsburg Chattooga Vel 122...— . LB Williams 

Jefferson Fackson County .... im Thos l. Ross, T ll Nlblocb 

LaGrange Troup Co.Con. Vete..405...J 1. Scbaub. E T Winn 

Morgan i :altaounCoConVet,..406.. l' E Boyd, A .1 Munroe 

lining Ringgold 206 ..W .1 Whilsilt. K HTriiin r 

I! • Floyd i ... ('. V. A. 898 .ii. Yelser, .1 T Moore 

Spring I'lace .In... B. Gordon 511... K. E. Wilson. W. II. Ramsey 

Thomasvllle w d Mitchell 428...B a Mitchell, T N Bopklns 

Tolbotton I. ll smith 102 ..BCurley, W 11 l'lillp.n 

Washington lohn T Wlngfleld ,..891.. .C E [rvln, Henry Cordes 

Waynesboro ... .Gordon 869 Tbos B Cox, 8 R Fulchei 

Zebulon Pike Co. Cout Vet_421...G w Strickland, w Gwya 


Maj Gen .In., i (Tnderw I, Commander ' tbloago 

Col Baml Baker, Chief ol siatl Chicago 


Chicago Ex-Confed. Ass'n S....I W White, r Lee France 

Jerseyvllle Beuev. ex-Confed....804...Jos. 8. i air. Morris R. Locke 


Maj Gen N P Guy, Commauder McAlester. 

Col R B Coleman, Adjutant General and Chief of Staff McAlester 

.in.. I. Gait, Brigadier General drdmore 

D m Baley, Brigadier General Kaebs 

POSTOI PICE, i ami-. NO. 01 i ii i RS 

Ardmore I no II Morgan 107. ..W W Byden, FG Barry 

McAlester Jeff Lee 68.. .N. P. Guy. K. II. Coleman 

Ma. Gen John Boyd, Commander Lexington 

Col Joe M Jones, Adjutant General an. I Chief Of Btaff. Paris 


Augusta lohn li. Bood 288 Jno. 8. Bradley, J. II. Wilson 

Bardstown Thomas H. Bunt.. .288. ..Tbos. H. Ellis, Jos. F. Uriggs 

Be a Alfred Johnston 878 .1 P Brlen, W J Wilson 

Hethel Pal. H. Cleburne .•-'.-... .1. Airasmith, A. W. Il.-isi-om 

Bowling Green Bowling Green 148 .W. F. Perry, Jas. A. Mitchell 

. in. p I.. ii George W Cox I88...Jos C l.v kims. C C Hanks 

Carlisle ... Peter Bramblelt. ...844 Thos Owen, H M Taylor 

Cyntblana Ben Desha 99.. .D. M. Bnyder, J. Wm. Boyd 

Danville L Warren Grigsby...214 I-'.. M.Green, J. II. Ua ugh man 

Eminence K. K irhv Smith 261. ..W. L. Crabb, J. 8. Turner 

Flemlngsburg ..Albert s. Johnston. .»i2...Wni Stanley, Jno W Heflln 

Frankfort Thomas B Monroe..lKS...A W Macklin. .Ii >e) KS.-olt 

Georgetown George w John son.. 98...A H Sinclair, J Webb 

Barrodsburg.... Wm Preston B6...Bush W. Allln, John Kane 

il..|ikliisville Ned Merriwether ...241. ..c F Jarre' t, Hunter Wood 

Lawre iburg...Ben Hani in Helm...l01...P. H. Thomas, j- P. Vaughn 

Lexington J. c. Hreck i nridge. ..luo... John Boyd, G. c. Snyder 

Mi. Sterling Roy 8. pluke 2»l...Thos. Johnson, W.T. Havens 




F. H. Mundy, Adjutant Camp Sanders, Eutaw, Ala.: 
I indorse every word that H. I!. ELogan -ays in the 
Yktfhan concerning the Eleventh Alabama at Fra- 
zier's Farm. The Eleventh never fought under false 
colors. The flag taken by the yankeee was their own, 
captured by the Eleventh at the first charge. They 
simply recovered their own again. It was a desparate 

hand tb hand conflict. [ V . < -filet'ly Sei \ 

of Company B, Eleventh Alabama, at that time, and 
distinctly remember calling the battle roll befo 
tering the fight. Our company had been thinned in 
previous engagements, bo thai we entered the fight 
with only twenty-eight officers and men all told. Of 
those twenty-eight eight were killed on the field, in- 
cluding our Captain, Bratton, and fifteen were wounded. 
The other- had slight wounds, or were shot through 
their clothing. Every field officer and Captain pres- 
ent was either killed or wounded, and the regiment 
was commanded by a Lieutenant the next day. One 
of our men. Alex. Gibers, hid under the puns when 

we were forced to fall haek. hut we resetted him in our 
next charge. One of our Lieutenants. \Y. S, Boyd, 
was attacked by two Federal officers, and while en- 
gaged with them was run through the body with a 
Bayonet. We recovered him next day alive, and he 
is alive yet. A Federal Genera] rode into our lines 
after dark, and was captured by JohnBOIl Ridgeway. 
1 our company, who was promoted to Courier for 
our Brigadier General, Wilcox. 1 was captured at the 
second day's tight at Gettysburg. 


[On tlie By-loaf of the copy of the Iliad given by the lata I 
Derby to Qeneral use. 

The grave old hard, who never dies, 

Receive him in our native tot I 

I send thee, l>nt with weeping o 

The story that he sunt:. 

Thy Troy lias fallen; thy deal land 
Is marred beneath the spoiler's heel ; 

1 cannot trust ni> trembling hand 
To write the griei 1 feel. 

1 Hi. home of tears! But let her hear 
This blacon to the end of time : 

No nation rose so white and fair. 
None fell so pure of crime. 

The widow's moan, the orphan's wail, 

Lre around thee: hut in truth he strong. 
Eternal right, though all things fail, 
Can never he made Wrong. 

An angel's heart, an angel's mouth 
1 Not Homer's 1 , could alone for me 

Hymn forth the great Confederate South ; 
Virginia first— then Lee. 

L. 1'. X., in a poem on Virginia: 

Her SWOrd is shattered, not sheathed in shame : 

• * e * * 

Thank God her honor is spotlt 88 yet. 

• * • * 

What is left to no? A deathless name — 
Honor. The foe can never defame 
Hearts unconquered and lives without stain, 
Memories of heroes who. lied without blame, 
Whose spirits are now in heaven. 


POSTOl 1 I'll'. HO. OFFI 

NlcholasvHle.. Hnmpb'y Marshall. 1st Geo. Ii. Taylor, E. T. Lillard 

Paducah A P Thompson 174... WU Bullitt. J. M. Brown 

Paris Inlin H. Morgan 85 AT. Forsyth, Will A.oaines 

Richmond. Thomas R Collins .215 Jas. Tevts, N. B. Deatbi 

:vliie John W. Oaldwell...l89...J. H. Brlges. W. 1 

byvllle... John H. Waller 287 W. F. Beard, R. T. On 
Wlnchestei W.Hanson - I I Curtis, J. L. Wheeler 
Versailles \t.i Buford 97.. J C Bailey. Jus w Smith 

louisi w \ 

d « .... i • w/at ' v ' \ sandria 

i lol T I, Mao Staff. ...... New Orleani 

i el. -.i p. 

Alexandria Jeff DaT is 

Anno ■ It \ tii It.- City 


Baton Kent*' Baton R 17. 

■! I "« nm 

Bern irk \\ i... baetei Hal 

Compte ' ap Perol 

Donaldson vt lie. .Vi. tor Mioiriii 

-ii • I. l;i' llbson 

Farmers Hie C.V. ». or Union P 

Florlan O 
Uonsali 8 P. 1 n 'I N I '-■ 
Jack — . ■ 

Lake ehai 
I.. Pri i ik- |' r ..\ 

Mandervllle Get .Moormai 

Mansfield Moaton 41 

Merrick Isalali Norwood 110. 

Monroi Hi nrj u * ! ' ' 

Natchitoches, Natchitoches. 40 

New \rmy of N. Va 

New Orleans... Army ofTenn. 

New ' Irleans v. t . ion Btates * 

New Orleans. Wash, trtlllen 

New Orleans .Henry St. Panl 

i lakley John Peck 

Opelousas, R. v.. Lee 14. 

Plft«)iiHinini- Ibervllli 

Rayville Kli-hland... 

Rnstln Huston 


TaneipalloB Camp Moore 80. 

Thlbodaux.. Braxlon Brace... 


H Stuart, Commander ..Baltimore 



1 Sykes, \-i rod Chief of Staff Columbus 

Robert Lowry. Brl eral 

.1 R Biuford. Brigadier neneral 1 luck Hill 


Amorj - rail Jackson 127 w \ Brown, 

BooneviUe « n ii i - 1, J. W.Smith 

Brandon Rankin 206 Patrick Henrj . 1; s Maxev 

Brookhaven.. ..SylTesterGwin. 239 J. A. Hoshlns, J. B. Daughtry 

Canton. E. Giles Henry 812 I C. Postell. J. M. Mills 

Chester RGPrewiti cm J H Evans, W M Roberts 

Coin ml mis Ishain Harrison 27. ..C I- Lincoln, W \ ' am 

ilSp'gs. Ben 1 1 mi i pi. C. Humphries, J. M. B 

Edwards w A. Montgomery '-'>; W. A. Montgomery T. H. w. 


Faveite i..i Whilney. 22 W L Stephen, T B Hammetl 

Greenwood Hugh A Reynolds. 218 i: W Williamson, w a Gil- 

Greenvtlle W.A.Percy n.w. Verger 

trrenada W. R. Barksdale 188 .1 W Young, Julius ash. 

Harpersvillr Patrons Union 272 MWStamper.l \ 
Hattiesburg.. Hattiesburg 21 u. H. Hartfleld, E. H. Harris 

Hernando - DeSoto -•.'• i 3am Powell, i it Robertson 

Hickory Flat Hickory Hat 219 W. A. i rum, J. .1. Hicks 

luka Tishomingo ' Vi P Hamm. re 

Holly Springe Kit Mott 

Jackson.. Robert ^ Smith 24... 

Lake Patrons l"nii>n 

HI FP ■ 

hards.G. W.Banks ton 
James Bi loe, John A. i idea 
J. McGrath, r. w, Heromao 
s M Thomas. B K Nash 
TJ Royster, FOl 

i Pi mi.T ii Hamilton 
SA1 ii 

wm. m. r,u,ii, i. c. Johnson 
.1 K Ramse; , D A out 

W l; I ..Mills. I'll..- .1 sinner 

1 1 T. Brown 
Each Lea, l; ii. McClelland 
W.A.Knapp.W. I.. Huteiiings 
..J. C. Baas, I. P McCan 

Dicks, R ' i. Picsetta 

II Merrick, J. J. Tavlor 
w. R Roberts, II Mo 

J A Prudbomme. W H Mar- 
W. R I.yman.T. B. O'Brien 
Gen .1 B vlnel Nicholas Cony 

Win. I.aiiL-lilin. E. R \» 
II I shelman, I. A Adams 
T1..1 \ B I '.in .tii 

W. 8, Peck, .1. w. r.o. 

I D I'., -.nil. I'.. B mfleld 

! liardenne 
I i- Bummerlln, i . T. smith 

A. Barksdale, I. 1,. Bond 
W Kinney, W H Tunnard 
■ ' r tmacker.O. R Tavior 
- i Orlsamore, H. N. Conlon 

Lexington .Walter I Kelm 

Li Wert y \m it.* County . 

Louisville lohn M Bradlej 

Maben Stephen D. Lee 

Macon James I 

Magnolia Mo.kdale 

I. F. Eant.S. H. Pi 
W Ii Holder. Win Hi n 

M. W. Stamper, i . a. Hod- 

it .1 It.-i.i. V \ Howell 
p t: Brewer, Geo A MoGenee 
M \ Mm-. Jno B . ■ 
271.. ii. B. Cooke, J. I.. Sherman 
H, W. 1 ""ii . J. I. Griggs 
H H Felder, B A Matthew 

Meridian Walt I, all 26., W. F. Brown, P.. V. White 

Miss. City Beauvoir 120. ..(on. . I. R. I Hewes 

Natchez. Hatches 20 F. J. V. LeCand, E. L. Hopkins 

New \ ten M P Lowry... 843I...C S Robertson, M RBo 

Port Glbsoa I'lail.orn. li.T.A. K. .lones, W. W. Moore 

Rolling Fork ...Pal R ' lebume 180.. .1 < Hall. .In,. B Jooi 

Rosedale Montgomery ,: ^ A Montgomery, C C Farrar 

sar.lis Jno R Dickens 841...B H Taylor, .1 BBootbe 

Senatobla Bill Feeney 158 Q D Sbands, T P Hill 

Tupelo John M - I M stone. P M 8a very 

Vaiden Frank Liddell 221...S. C Balnea, W. J. Booth 

Vlcksburg Vickeburg .'42...1" A Campbell, .1 I' l.anchlin 

Winona M. Farrefl .. 

Woodville Woodville 

Ya/.oo City., Yazoo 178, 


Maj Hen .1 1 1 Shelby, i I'lioniinpcr Adrian 


Kansas City Kansas City 80. ..Jos W Mercer, Geo B Spratt 

.1. R Bin ford, i '. H. Campbell 
.1. ii. Jones, 1'. M. Stocketl 
S D Robertson, i ' .1 KuBuisson 




The correspondence in December Veteran concern- 
ing the recapture of the Fifty-first Pennsylvania flag 
by tin- Federals brings out this interesting reminis- 
cence: Mi-- White May. whose name is worthy in the 
VETERAN, gives an account which will he very satis- 
factory to all concerned. Some years ago. while on a 
visit to Old Point Comfort, she was in company with 
Mrs. Gen. Ord, whose husband was first In command 
at Richmond after the surrender. Mrs. < Ird addressed 
her, Baying, " you arc a rebel ; 1 am too." [ she was a 
Virginian!] "Come and go with me to my cottage, I 
have something to show yon." On arrival at the cot- 
tage this flag, which has been so much discussed, was 
tie- "something" to which she called attention. 

It is reported that the commander of this regiment, 
in an enthusiastic address of response to the presenta- 
tion of this fiag, pledged the lady donors that it should 
never fall into the hands of the rebels: that if they 
should be captured he would bury the flag rather than 
have it so "polluted." It happened that it was cap- 
tured in the first engagement of the command. It is 
reported again by a gentleman who, on seeing it after 
the war at the house of Mrs. Ord, expressed great sur- 
prise, and stated that this same regimental com- 
mander, in a patriotic (?) address, said that his com- 
mand had been true to its pledge, and that the flag 
was buried by them on finding that they must sur- 


James <ireacen, Kalkaska, Mich., Feb., 19, 1*'.»4: My 
Dear Friend and Comrade (for I love a true soldier, 
no matter on which side he fought) — I have just re- 
ceived December CONFEDERATE VETERAN, and I find 
an article on the Chickamauga battle, in which my 
regiment Ls mentioned. The map is the most perfect 
of the battlefield I have ever seen. My regiment, the 
Twenty-second Michigan, and the Eighty-ninth Ohio, 
fought" on Thomas' right, on that terrible Sunday 
afternoon, September 20, 1863. We occupied a posi- 
tion near Figure 10 on map. We made and resisted 
charge after charge during that afternoon, until about 
dusk, when the Confederate infantry closed up in 
front to within bayonet reach, and the cavalry in our 
rear to about the same distance; and what was left of 
us surrendered with our colors, which we have never 
seen since. The regiments to whom we surrendered 
were the Thirtv-fourth Virginia and the Sixth Florida, 
and gallant soldiers they were, gallant and humane to 
us, their prisoners. About a year and a half afterward, 
as 1 returned from prison, I met quite a portion of 
both those regiments (the Thirty-fourth Virginia and 
the Sixth Florida) at Louisville as they were return- 
ing from prison at Camp Chase. We spent much of a 
day visiting each other, and I would go a good way 
to One of their reunions now, as old as I am. I was 
in Granger's reserve, and in the division commanded 
by ( ren. Stedman. 

Gen. H. B. Stoddard, Bryan, Texas: The Com- 
mander of Camp J. B. Robinson, Maj. J. W. Tabor, is 
working for the Veteran, and at the last meeting it 
was made the official organ of the Camp. Come to 
Texas in April to our reunion, and we will all help to 
increase your list. 


Maj (ieii B I' Hull, i mender Wilmington 

Col Junius Davis, AdJI General and Cnlel of start Wilmington 

Kiifus Barrlnger, Brigadier General Charlotte 

w l' Roberts, Brigadlei General Uatesvllle 

POSTOl PICK. ■ nil 1 . No. OFKl' 

Brvson City Vndriw Coleman. ..H01..R. Everett, li. II. lalhey 

Charlotte Mecklenburg SS2... . .1 Roeasler 

Clint. in Sampson 183 ..R ll Bolllday, Jim A lieaniau 

Co nl In l, a rill- Cci.C. V. A .212.. .J. F. Wllleford. C. McDonald 

Hickory Catawba 182..J. Q. Hall, l.. K. Wblteoei 

I. luli-lon lunliiN lianifl 32ti John P. 1 oh 

Plttsboro i.i • inula- .i Merrltl )87 w i. London, H A London 

Ryan Confederate 117... . T McBj rde 

Salisbury I harlesF. Fisher. ..808.. Jno F Ramsay, J C Bernhardt 

Salisbury Col Chas I- Fisher ..819. ..Col .1 R Crawford, C R Barker 

Btatesvlfle Col R Campbell . 884. PCCarlton, 

Washington ....Bryan Grimes (21...R R Warren, CC Thomas 

Wilmington ..Cape Fear 264.. . W L. DeRosset, Win. Rianka 

Winston Norfleel 188 T J Brown, Bam'I H Smith 

Maj lien Sam T Leavj . Commander Norman 


El Reno El Reno 818 

Gutbrle Camp Jamison ; it 

Norman John B Gordon 200. T J Johnson. W C Rinfro 

Oklahoma rity D II Mammons 177... J W Johnson, J O easier 


Maj Gen S 8 Crittenden, Commander Greenville 

Col Tin- s Moorman, Adit General and chief .■( stall Columbia 

Jno Hi an. m. Brigadier General Wlunsboro 


Abbeville Secession ti6... . W A Templetou 

Aiken Baruard E. Bee 81... B H. Teague. J. N Wigfnll 

Anderson Camp Benson S87...M P Trlbbc. J N Vandlver 

Beaufort Beaufort SGB...Thos s White, 

Charleston Caniji Sumter 250 ..Rev. J. Johnson, . I. W. Ward 

Charleston Palmetto Guard 315. ..Geo LRuist. A Baron Holmes 

Cheraw I B Kershaw 418...Tbeo T Malloy. s G Godfrey 

Columbia Hampton 3K9...A P Brown, I) R Flennlkln 

Duncans Dean 437... A H Dean. .1 V High 

Easle\ Jasper Hawthorn... .2X5... U. E. Bowen. J. H. Bowen 

Edgefield C H ...Miner Perrln 389. ..J H Brooks, Thos W Carwlle 

Elorence Pee I 390... E W Lloyd. Win Quick 

Glymphvllle Glymphville 3H9...L P Miller. 

Greenville R. C. Pulllam 297. ..J. W. Norwood, P. T. H 

Greenwood n Wyatt Aiken 482... 

Mi Pleasant Thos M Wagner 4iu. ,.s Porches, Jas u Tomllnson 

Newberry James D Nance 3S8...J \V Gary. (' E Boyd 

Pickens Wolf Creek 112 Jas A Grillln, H B Hendricks 

Rock Hill Catawba 278...Cadr Jones. W B Dunlap 

Socastee Confed. Suv. Ass 'n.. 418... Jeremiah smith, — 

Spartanburg ....Camp Walker 335. ..Jos Walker, A B Woodrufi 

Siinmieiville Gen .las Connor 874 ...Geo Tapper, P 11 Hutchinson 

Sumter Dlch Anderson 334... J D Graham, l'PGaillard 

St. Georges Stephen Elliott 51... R W Minus, J Otcy Reed 

Mai Gen W li Jackson, Commander Nashville 

Col Jno P Mick ma n. Ailjl General and i hiel of stafi' Nashville 

.1 a Vaughn, Brigadier General Mamphli 

Frank A Moses Brigadier General Knoxvllle 


Brownsville Hiram s Bradford. ..420... , H 3 Livingston 

Chattanooga N. B. Forrest 4...L. T. Dickinson, 

Clarksvlllc Forbes 77. ..T. H. Smith, Clay Slacker 

Faye|.teville....s!iiickclford-Eulto!i. .114. ..Jas D Tillman, W H Cashion 

Franklin Gen.. I. W Starnes ...131. ,.S V Wall. T G Snilthson 

Jackson Jno Ingram 87...W Holland, M B Hurl 

Knoxvllle Felix K. 7.ollleofler...4ii...Jno F Home, ('has Ducloux 

Knoxvllle Fred Anil 5...E. A. Moses, . I. w. s. Friersou 

la-wishing Dlhrell 55... W. P. Irvine, W. G. Loyd 

MoKenzle. ., Btonewall Jackson.. 42...MarshAtkls8on,J. P.Cannon 

Mem phis (unfed. Hist. Ass'n.. 28...C. W. Frazer, R..I. Black 

Murfreesboro. Joe B. Palmer 81...W.S.McLemore,W.Ledbetter 

Nashville Frank Cheatham.... S5...Thns II Smith, J P Hickman 

Shelbyville Wm. Frlerson 83. ..J. M. Hastings. J. G. Arnold 

Tullnhomn Pierce B. A nderson..l73....1 no P Hickman, W J Trails 

Winchester Turney 12. ..F B Terry, J J Martin 

Tr&fw-JkttMittppi Department. 

I .ii nt Sen w L Cabell. C nander Dallas. Texas 

Brig Gen A T Walls, A.IJI Gen anil Chief Of Staff. Dallas, Texas 

Nom in astkkn Texas division. 

Maj Gen w N Itnsh. Commander McKlnney 

i ol .1 U Pearson, Adjutant I leneral and I Ihief of Staff McKlnney 
North WESTERN Div ision. 

Maj Gen Richard Cobb, Commander Wichita Fails 

Col Wm Porke Skeeno, a.iji i len and chief of stair Wichita Fails 

Joseph Benedict, Brigadier Genera] Graham 

W I'. Plemmons, Brigadier General Vmurlllo 


Maj Gen W G Blain, Commander Fairfield 

Col Thos .1 Gibson, Adjutant General and Chief of Staff Mcxln 

M li I '.none, Brigadier General Navnsota. 

D H Nunn, Brigadier General Crockett 

Southwestern Division. 

Maj Gen W H young, Commander.' Ban Antonio 

Col I) M Poor, Adjudant General and Chief of Staff San Antonio 

Hamilton P Bee. Brigadier General San Antonio 

Thos W Di.d.l, Brigadier General Laredo 


S 9 

They Honored His Grandfather. — The First 
Arkansas Infanty was sent to the defense of Richmond 
early in the war, and placed with Kate's First Tennes- 
see, in Holmes' Brigade, at the mouth of Aquia Creek, 
near the memorable city of Fredericksburg. Captain. 
afterwards Colonel, Robert W. Crockett, a grandson of 
the heroic Davy Crockett, commanded one of its com- 
panies. That fact was made known along the route, 
and crowds assembled to greet Captain Crockett, the 
grandson of the famous backwoodsman, whose picture 
had illuminated the almanacs of nearly a century ago. 
Captain Bob had an exhaustlera fund of humor and 
anecdote, and enjoyed a joke Seeing that the admir- 
ers of his grandfather w ere dubious ox him in his trim 
uniform and modish appearance, he got somewhere an 
old coon-skin and shaped it into a rude cap, with the 
tail hanging down behind, and on suitable occasions 
produced it as his grandfather's, to the immense delight 
of the spectators, saying, "Those old fellows had largei 
heads than are fashionable at this time," as tl 
came down over his ears ami eye-, and flowing, 
black locks. At Fredericksburg he soon became a 
social as well as military lion. Dr. Blackmail, a hos- 
pitable old citizen, took a great fancy to this grandson 
of the Tennessee Congressman and hero of the Alamo. 
He went around with him, always introducing him as 
such, and invariably adding thai "he knew his grand- 
father intimately.'' On one occasion Captain Bob 
introduced one of his men to Dr. Blackman a- "Mr. 
Crusoe, grandson of Robinson Crusoe." The good old 
Doctor greeted voung Crusoe with his accustomed 
Warmth, remarking that "although he did not know 
randfather personally, he had read about him, 
and was proud to make the acquaintance of his patri- 
otic descendant. .1 M. II. 

Tribute to \ 801 dier who w \~ Shot Th rntv Times. 
Cant. T. B. Beall, Salisbury, N. C, writes: It is my 

sail duty to note the death of one of Our Wave-, the 

bravest of the brave, Robert Humphreys, of Lexing- 
ton, N. C. I knew him well. He was one of the first 
to respond to his country's call, when the mightiest 
army of the world was marshaling against the South- 
ern States. He went in a men' boy and cai »ut a 

broken down man. He was in the defense of York- 
town, and that terrible retreat to Richmond; fought 
the battles in defense of that city, and afterward fol- 
lowed Gens. Lee and Jackson through their wonderful 
campaigns. He was ghot by the enemy twenty or 
more times, Which shows that he was always in" the 
thickest of the tight. When his cause went down he 
accepted the situation and, like the true and brave 
man that he was, went earnestly to work to repair his 
fallen fortune, and prove himself in time of p( 
BUCCessful and useful man. Mr. Humphreys was a 
member of Company 1. Fourteenth North Carolina 
Troops, of which the writer was Captain. 

Front Royal and Riverton. Va.. G It might 

well he called a "History of a Nation that Fell." It 
is the only publication that strives to give authentic 
record of the events of the late war between the States. 
It cannot hut meet the hearty indorsement of every 
true friend of the Confederacy, and as it deal- in 
things as they happened, it will find the sincere ap- 
proval of those who wore the blue. We love our 
our memories, we cherish our institutions, and our 
dead are sacred. Then rally to the help of the enter- 
prise that is to be the custodian of our glorious past. 

TEXAIs— Omtinura. 

1 E H Bean, Commander Cameron 

Ool W M McGregor, Adjutant General and Ul - I ..Cameron 

H E Sbelley, Brigadier G< Ausiin 

Donnell, Brigadier General Meridian 

P08TOFFICK. ca>ii . ifo, 

Abilene Abilene 

Abilene Taylor Oo 69.. 

Alvarado Uvarado 160. 

Alvin Wn 11 . : 

Alvord Stonewall 

AreherCic - ewall Jackson«249 

Athens Howdy Martin . 

Atlanta Stom wall Jackson. 81., 

Aurora R Q \i , - 

Austin In" B Hood 

Beaumont \ S Jobm 

Ileli Oo. ex-Con. As.,122 

Bontiam SulRose UU 

Brazoria ' 'on 

Breckinridge Stephens Count] 
Brenbam Washington 

Brownwood stonewall.' 

Brvai J. I!. Robertson ... 134.. 

Buffalo Gap i Mine m i> 

Caldwell I amp 

rl w r rownsend .in 

Cameron Ben McCnlloch 

i amplx II t 'amp Rose 

Canton i ' 


Chico. ' amp Mi I 

Cblldn -- los EJobnsI 

I eui Prei eaux 

rne Pal < l< 

Colorado Albert 8 Jol iton..i 18. 

Columbus Shropshire- 1 pton...U2. 

ko jno Pi than 

Commerce R. 

i.' hnsti Jost pb E Ji ihnsti 
ana C. M. Winkli 

Crockett ..141.. 

Nsville I 

Cuero Emmett Lym 242, 

_ertteld ' 


|,, , ,,.. i',, ,, m. , i Hocb .. si 

DeKalb Ion, Wall:,. 

Denton Mil Ross 

Dodd City Camp Maxej 

Dublin I'll li a ' 'omani 

Fninia Lone Star.. 

Fairfield Wm I.. Moo 

Floret . i. Wilson County 

Forney Camp Bel 1 :o> 

Fort Worth l: I I , • 

K. O, Mill- 
Gainesville J 


Qatesville Ex-< \ Oorj ell I 

Goldthwaite Jeff Davis 

Uoncalea >ohn CO Key 

Grabam Voung ' -unity 

Granbury Granbnrj . 

i \ i. w I I- Johnston. 

\ ille Jos* | I 

HallettSVllle ...Col .lames Walk. 

Hamilton A. B. Johnston 1 IK 

Hem-lead Tom Green 

Heuderson Ras Redwlni 

Henrietta sul Hi,.. 

Hillsboro Hill County 

Homy Grove. ..Logan Davidson ...294.. 

Houston Dick Dowllng 197.. 

Btuntsville Iohn C Dpto 

Jacbsborougb ...Camp Morgan „ 

Jacksborougb Camp Hughes 885.. 

Kaufman Geo. D. Manlon 

Kilgore. Buck Kllgore 

Kingston A. S. Johnston Tl 

Ladonla Robt. E. Lee 

LaGranget Col. 1!. Tlmmons. 81 

Lampasas R. K. Lee 

l.M ingston Ike Turner 

Lubbock F. R. Lubbock... 

Madisoni Ille inn <; Walk 

Marlln Willis L Lang 

Memphis Hall Count] 

Mi nardviile Menardville 

Meridian \. B. Johnston U5. 

Merk.l Merkel 70 

Mexla J" Johnston 

Minneola Wood County 

Mt. Enterprise..Rosser. 

Mt. Pleasant Col. Inid Joi - 

Montague Bob Stone 

McGregor i amp Mel h 

McKinney Collin County Hw 

Mt Vernon Hen Mcculloch 

Navasota Hannibal H Bom 

New Bo-ion . .. sul l;.," 

Oakviiie .iohn Donaldson 185. 

Palestine Palestine J I 

Paradise . Pal el. I. urn 

oi i [ 

. T W Daugbertv. 

H. L. Bentlev. Ttaeo. Heyck 

Jesse w iii.i..! K 

Wm Hart. A If H H Tol'ar 

.1 M ,r >nes, W" i . Leach 

11 .1 Ilriinlis T M ' 

D. M. Morgan, w. T. Fustace 
,.J.D. Johnson, J. N. Simmons. 

i. W Short, ' i Leonard 

W. M. Brown, c. H. Powell. 

Tom .1 W i 'Brien 

...lor Bralsti i. 11 E Bradford 
. , K BZlnn 

.1. P. BtOUD 

Win. F. Smith. F. LeRibens 

W F Mmli.rn ,GB Brown 

' Qtddlngs, 1 Q Rankin 
.Carl Vincent, A !• Mow 

.1 w l» SM Dei 

n, n 1 Jones, .1 .1 Fwhank 
J B Kim;. .1 i Matthews 
CWHlg'lnb'th'm.H FK 

Mclver.J ' 
I; w Ridley, Tom 3 Smith 

W. li. rhompson 
J R Bond, J M Woolworth. 

I w Neal, .1 s McDonougb 
OTPlumm ock 

W V ; .;. Mnllin. 

1 feo. \i.i ormlck, .1. .1 Dick. 

Inn. .1. M. Wilh: 


' •' " W i ~, R .i Pickett 

HRSt MC spann 

l: M ' olllns, 

Bl 'li. .1. !■'. M 
I 11 K -on 

V Weldon, ' leorge H Law 
.1 N Zacbery, .1 A McGn 

w A Miller, \ l a ■ 
w s Proctor, .1 I' Stev. 

HiiEh Mi Kenzle. .I.K.Burton. 
W ' M 

.1. T. Harris, I E. Gl ' 
..Iohn W. Mim 
W i. Ill:, in. I. o San, lifer 
W i Airee. A. D. I 

i M. Danlt i. s. G. Fleming. 

A 11 W M M.ionnell 
\ c hainberl'n. M F Wakefield 
..I M. Wright, W. A. s 
T N w ani. i Washington 

a ford 
.1 E Martin, W II Thompson 

Ml '.nail. 
Wm Hodges, w Blasslngame 

Y M Edwards 
.1. A. Fortnivalt. I. R. Morris 
, ((' Hatfield 

W S Want. A H II 
Volnev Ellis, B F Burke 
l'..,itl. | ,,,i. 1. ,\ || Smith 
V. B. Thorn ,varz. 

.1 M Maj s. i i Doyle 
F. .1. Barrett, i . B. Patterson. 

. Win W 1 

.1 H Lynn.. Iohn L Ballinger 
W.Lambert, s.K . Longnecker 
.1 M Sin It her, 1 K I 
s w i ::isi ni. w .1 Denning 
s ii Reei es, \ K \ nd< i 
Jos. II uffmac pes. 

w \ Miller, R W Wynn 
.1. F. Pnckett. T. .1. Foster. 
w BMen 11, J R Arthur 
R. II. Plo Ips, N. Iloiman. 
D. C.T1 M. Havnie 

B Green 
W.D. Crump. (.. W. shannon 

. R Wiley 

'. A King, .1 T i 'wen 

F M Murray. Q W Tipton 

FM Kitchens, , . 

.Robt lionnell. J. W. Adams. 

flicker. A. A. Baker. 
C I. Watson, H W Williams 
.1 H Hufiniast.'T'.T J Goodwin 
T. Turner. B. Blrdwell. 
c. L. Dlllahunty, J. I '. Turner. 

i, R. D. Rugeley. 
W II Hams. II W Sadler 

- 'tt. 11 c Mack. 
,W T liass. .1 .1 Morris 
w E Barry, Jas H Freeman 
'.." ii !;• ,. T.I Watllngton 
C.C Cox. T. M. Church 
.I.W.Kwing. .1. M. Fullinwider 
A J Jones, L T Ma.ou 



John A. Tholens, Syracuse. N. Y.: I am a veteran 
of the Union army. I am glad that sectional bitter- 
ness, which has existed to some extent in the past, i- 
t'ast passing away. The time, I believe, hag come that 
the Union and Confederate veterans can sit down ami 
talk over the noble deeds of the past, giving each due 
■credit for the victories won. No better Boldiers ever 
buckled on the armor than those who fought in the 

Mr. .1. \V. Joplin, of Elizabethtown, Ky.. eighty- 
seven years "hi. writes: I am wonderfully pleased 

with the Veteran. I owned the firm in Franklin 
County, Virginia, at the close of the war on which 
Gen. -I. A. Early was horn. The General often called 

on me after the close of the war. 1 furnished him 
with a fine saddle horse. He left Virginia and went 
south on horseback. He crossed the Mississippi River 
above New < Orleans, took a ship, I think, at < ralveston, 
and went to Mexico. 1 do not think he stayed there 
long. He went from there to ( anada, and stayed there 
until he was at liberty to return to the United States. 
He has lived in Lynchburg, Va., much of the time since. 
I had six sons in the Southern army, all in cav- 
alry. They were in the first battle of Hull Run and 
the last battles under H. E. Lee and Joe E. Johnston. 
None of them were absent from their commands with- 
out leave during the war. 

Richard H. Adams, Radford, Va., writes: I read with 
at interest your synopsis of an article of Col. Abe 
Fulkerson in October Veteran, especially that part 
relating to the six hundred officers sent from Fort 
Delaware to Charleston, S. C, and placed on Morris 
Island under fire of their own guns. Being one of the 
■ six hundred," I can never forget the trip on board 
the steamer Crescent, where the six hundred were 
packed in the "hold" of the vessel "a la sardine," and 
also when the vessel ran aground, how anxious the 
•• hoys " were to make a capture of the vessel. Assisted 
by the brave and liig-hearted Pete Akers, who was 
known to everybody, 1 made an alphabetical list, ar- 
ranged according to States, giving name, rank, com- 
mand, date and ]ilaee of eaj it ure of prisoners so confined. 
•On my return to Fort Delaware I gave the list to Rev. 
Dr. Handy, who was confined as a prisoner there, and 

who after the war published it in his 1 k. I also 

kept a list myself, which I now have. * * * I take 
great pleasure at times in pulling out my list and read- 
ing over the names, all of whom, with few exceptions 
those wdio could not stand the pressure and "took 
the oath " I, I formed a great attachment for; many of 
them intimate friends of about my own age. No men 
could he more admired by the bravest and truest of 
men than were Col. Van H. Manning, of Arkansas, 
and Col. Abe Fulkerson, of Tennessee, by these re- 
maining six hundred, whose hearts were knit together 
by intense and continuous suffering and privations. 
These two officers were always brave, possessing all 
•the qualifications necessary for leaders, and always 
ready to give wise council, being continually ap- 
proached for that purpose, consequently the suffering 
was borne as men, true men, only can suffer for prin- 
ciples so dear to their hearts. 

[Col. Manning was in Congress some years after the 
war, and on leaving public life resumed the practice 
■of law at Washington, buying an elegant suburban 
home just across the Maryland line. He died within 
the past year. — Ed.] 

TEX AS- Continued. 


Paris A. S. Johnston 

Paint Rock Jell Davis 

Peanall "lintcli" Hardeman. 

Richmond Frank Tcrrv 

i Gen Hood. 

Rockwall Book wall. 

Body W. W. Loring 164 

Ban Antonio A. S. Johnston in 

Ban Augustine Jeff Davie 888. 

san Saba W P lingers 

Santa Anna LQ C 

Seymour Bedford Forrest 88. 

Sherman Mildred Lee 90.. 

Smith Prairie South Pram 

swr.twatcr. K. c. Walthall 92 

sulphur Bp*gs...Matl Asbcrofl 110 

Taylor A s Johnston 166.. 

Terrell I E li Stuart IE 

Texarkana A 1* Hill 268 

Tyler \. s. Johnston 18. 

Vernon Campi label) 125. 

Waco Pat Cleburne 222 

Waxahaohle Winnie Da vie 108 

Waxahachie I 'arson-. Cav, Ass'n 286 

WVathel-ford Tom (tree 11 168 

Wellington ( 'olliugsworth ( '<> .... S<~ 

Wharton Bucbell 

Whlteeboro . .Geo R Reeves 288 

WlOblta Falls. ..W..I. Hardee 73 

Will's Point Will's Point 


Ma] i "ti Tims a Brander, < Sommander Kiehmond 

r<ii Joe V Big 1. Adjutant Qem n I Chief of Staff.. Kiel nd 

I s Qarnett, Brigadier General Norfolk 

.Mien i ah Woods. Brigadier General i Charlottesville 


Harrisonburg ...s K (iililmns .Ills l> H Mart/., J S Messerly 

Radford <; C Wharton ti: (J C Wharton, l: ll Adams 

Reams station.. J. E. K. Stuart J11...M A Moneure. A U Mourn re 

Richmond Geo E Pickett 204...R N Northern. P McCnrdy 

Richmond R E Lee I81...A w Archer. .1 T Btratton 

Roanoke William Watts 206 ..SB Bi ke. Hugh W Fry 

West Point John R. Cooke 184. ..H. M. Miller. W. W.Green. 

Williamsburg. .McGruder-Ewell 210. ..T J Btubbs, H T Jones 

Winrhester Gen Turner Ash by ,Jlii..,t has \v Me Vicar, E G Hnllls 


Romney C'nfed'r'te Veteran. .in; . W M Montgomery 

Washington Wash. City Confed..l71....I <; Moore, T W Hungerford 

No. oiril'EBS. 

. 7o...»i C Connor, ss Record 

188 W.'l. M.lton. J. W.Ratchfnrd. 

.280.. .R M Darkness, Henrv M 

.227...P. F. Peares ll. F. smart 

280 w K M BlaughterJno H Hood 
"I M. s. Austin. N. C. Edwards 

D Speer, A P Kellev 
John S Ford, .lames Clark 

. . W a Field 

i li urge Hams. .\ Doggan 
I. M Cravens, Will Hubert 
T. H.i . Peery, R..I. Browning. 
.1 T Wilson. Kohl Walker. 

W I. Hefner, 

W. D. Beall, .1. H. Freeman. 
li.M.ll. uderson, M.G. Miller. 
M Roes, Perry Hawkins 
.1 A Anthony, Vic Relnhardt 
,W .i Allen, eiiaries a Hooka 
..Bryan Marsh, sid s Johnson 

S. E. Hatchett, M. D. l>n\ Is. 

.<'. L. Johnson. W. C. Cooper 
..Tom Yams, .i I' i looper 

... , A M 1 Iiinan 

...I. P. Rice, M. V. Kinnisou. 
.1 li McDowell. J M Yates 

.1 N Deiinir. H T ( oinpton 
.1 W M Hughes. B M \\ 
„W R Crockett. N A Robinson 
..A N Alford. W A Heiiham 

This singular bit of history is copied from a Phila- 
delphia dispatch: 

February i>, 1894. — Grand Army Posts Nos. 2 and 
l'.t last night entered a protest against the introduc- 
tion of Ellis's complete History of the I'nited States 
into the public schools. The grounds on which the 
protest is made are in brief that its tone is biased in 
favor of the cause of the South; that it belittles and 
detracts from the fidelity, courage and patriotic work 
performed by the soldiers of the Union Armies, and 
seeks to ennoble the soldiers of the Confederacy: that 
it Suppresses, in many instances, the names of Northern 
heroes and conspicuously depicts, in strong colors, the 
achievements of Confederate commanders; that the 
portrait of Jefferson Davis is given preference by some 
pages over that of Lincoln, as well as that of Lee over 
Gen. Grant. The protests were sent to the Board of 
Education this afternoon. 

I'll give you a good one on a member the Fifth Vir- 
ginia Infantry, Stonewall Brigade. He stole a skillet, 
broke the handle off, and burnt grease over the frac- 
tured end. The owner of the spider found his mess 
using it, and had him up before the Colonel and 
proved it clearly. The Colonel asked the prisoner 
what he had to say in his defense, and he said he 
knew it was his because his mother sent it from home 
to him in a letter. The Colonel told him to go back 
to his quarters, and added after he started: "A man 
who can deliver as ready a lie as that will make a 
good soldier." 

J. A. Wheeler, Salado, Texas: 1 like the Veteran 
better than any paper I ever read. It tells the truth. 




The Veteran thanks Miss Ruby Beryl Kyle, of Bir- 
mingham, for reunion notes interesting and helpful to 
all concerned. The following are published now: 

Birmingham is again enthusiastically engaged in 
preparing to entertain the great gathering of veterans 
for the reunion. April 25th and 26th. We are expect- 
ing many thousands of veterans. The tableaux of 
States, iii which each that was of the Confederacy will 
be represented by one of its most beautiful unmarried 
women, is a unique feature. Mr. Robert Chisholm 
conducts this plan. The following ladies hav< 
selected to represent the states named: Virginia, Miss 
Lizzie Clark, of New Port News: North Carolina, Mise 
Kate Cant will, of Wilmington; Kentucky, Miss Ele- 
n ora Graves, of Lexington ; Florida, Miss Lizzie P 
of Monticello; Arkansas, Miss Lizzie McGee,of Van 
Buren; Alabama, Miss (anie Cochran, of Eufaula; 
Louisiana. Miss Adah Vinson, of Bhreveport ; Mis60ui, 
Miss (Catherine Turner, of Columbia; Smith Carolina, 
Mise Hell a Hayne, of Greenville; Mary la ml. Miss Lelia 

Montague, of Baltimore; Tennessee, Miss Adelle Mo- 
Murray. of Nashville: Mississippi. Miss Ktta Mitchell; 
Texas. Mis. Mary Muse Banks, of Houston. 

The visiting veterans may secure lodgings and 

meals in private boarding houses at 25 Many 

opened to visitors. The Winnie 

Davis Wigwam. 185 x _''>ii feet, and centrally located, 

ially for the reunion purposes. Camp 

Han - the following: 


Camp Hardee, of Birmingham, will be pleased to 
hear from each Camp in the United States as to the 

number nf delegates that will be pr nt at the reunion 

in A pril, so that preparations may be made accordingly. 

immitteeof I ting about for a plan to 

establish a home for disabled veterans in Birmingham. 
l>r. Caldwell i- a member of the committee, and it is 
almost certain that the question will be ably realized 
under his administration. This is a worthy 1 
ment, and the citi much interested, notwith- 

standing the financial condition of our city. 


As a matter of general interest the V] 11 BAH makes this inquiry so a* to complete historic records of the 
Confederate soldiers who now live in Texas. | immanders and Adjutants will pit ittention to 

this report at once, bo it may be published complete. Please fill out report for ymir Camp below and report. 






































\i Isoellai ■ 

Location ash N™ oi ( LHP. 

- I 

3 7 
•z r 

2 - 


Bolton— Bell Co. Ex-Oonfed. Ass'n 








































































































































































Breckinridge Stephens County 1 temp 

Ki Paso — Jno. < . Brown < temp 
Gainesville Joseph E. Johnston Camp.... 

Graham— Young Count; Bivouac 
Grand view- J, v.. .1 elm Men Camp 

Houston- Dick Dowllng 

Marlln— Willis I.. Lang Camp 

Memphis— Hall Count; Camp 



south Prairie— J. K. H. smart Camp 

Sweetwater- E. C Walthall Camp 

Terrell— ,1. E. H. Stuart tamp 


Tyler— . \Um n Sidney Johnston 1 temp 


Wills Point — Wills Point Camp.... 

There are 1,615 subscribers in Texas at 320 postofnees. Please compare your list with the names at other 
postoffices. Surely all Camps will become interested in the Veteran if they can see it. The Veteran has 
been made the official organ of many Camps in Texas and in every other Southern State. 

Comrades and brothers, why do you delay? Prepaid envelopes with printed blanks, at considerable ex- 
pense, were sent to every Camp. Let each send statements similar to the above without delay. 

Mr. Cunningham, Editor of the Yetkkan. expects to attend the reunion at Waco. April 5-7, and begs that 
every delegate and visitor will seek to aid him in the above and in increasing the Veteran list. 

9 2 




The following list includes the subscriptions at 
I - named where there are four or more. Thereare 
8,168 paid subscriptions, at 1,921 postofficee, in 13 
States and Territories, and to 3 foreign countries. 
There are printed of this edition 10,500 copies. 

-ton 5 

Am. ae 

on i 

Birmingham 'Ci 


Carrollton 6 


Elkraonl 11 

ire. 4 

Arkadelphla 4 

Beiitimvllle II 

\ ill- B 

i lamden 7 

Fayettevllle 21; 

\iina. California.. 
. I>. C 


Eutaw 4 

Florence 13 

Franconla 4 

Knllerton 4 

Ureenvlue in 

Guntersvlile 5 

Huntsvllle 28 

ARK ANS \s. 
11.. i Springs 20 

Little Rock.. 


Prairie < ■ i ■ -\ t 

I (Owndesboro 1 1 

Lower Peacnl ree.. 11 

Montgomery 4."> 

Monndvllle 5 

Piedmont 14 

scottsboro Hi 

Belma ' 

Snowdoun 6 

Talladega 6 

Pre " 19 

Searcy 6 

sprtngdale 27 

\';ui Buren 5 


Brookgvllle 41 

Fernandina 1 1 

Inverness 4 

Jacksonville LIS 

Lakeland 3 

Lake Weir ■"> 

Mariana Hi 

Acwortb 4 

A I neiiR 4 

Atlanta 25 

Augustf 11 

Canton 17 

Cartersvllle 4 


Montlcello 17 

Ocala 24 

Orlando. 21 

Palmetto 8 

Pensacola 20 

Banlord l!i 


Eagle Cliff 4 

Eatouton 17 

Greensboro * 


La* Irange v 

Macon 'ii 

St. Augustine 18 

Tallahasse 4 

Tampa 57 

Titusi He 10 

Welaka i 

Welborn 4 

Madison 12 

Rohlc 5 

s.i \ auiiaii 81 

Union Point 1 1 

Washington 31 

Chicago. Illinois IX 

Evansvllle 10 

Ardmore 18 

Coffeyvllle 22 

Adairville 5 

Anthoston 4 

Augusta 4 

Bell s 

agGn ... ... 21 

Covington 4 

Ellzabethtown 5 

rgetown 7 

Harrodsburg 17 

HenderBon ii7 

Hopklnsvllle (1 

Berwick 9 

Jackson 18 

I.. I.. Charles 2U 

Lake Providence 7 

Baltimore 56 

Cheltenham 4 

St. Paul, Minnesota... 



.lustier I) 

Lawrenceburg 5 

Lewlsburg 7 

Lexington 2E 

Louisville 59 

Mlilwav 1 

Morganfleld 8 

i iwensboro -I 

OwlngsvlUe 4 

Parts 15 

Pembroke 21 


Mansfield 24 

Morgan City ii 

New i means 25 

Cumberland 17 

Indianapolis 5 

M. -.Ulster 11 

Hutchison 5 

Pine Grove 4 

Richmond hi 

Russelh ille 10 

Shelbyvllle 5 

Stamping Uround 6 

SturKis Ill 

Toler 16 

lniontown 5 

Versailles 12 

Winchester 28 

Bhrevepnrt IB 

Pat tereon 4 

Rayvllle 4 

Plkesvllle 6 

Anding i 

Caul. .n 7 

Centrevllle 7 

Coldwater 10 

Columbus.. I'" 

Cr,\ stal springs II 

Brookline l 

Cenl lalia K 

Dexter 7 

Golden City 24 

Hamilton !l 

Higglnsvllle i 

HunUvllle 22 

New York City, New York.. 


Edwards 4 

Payette 7 

i ; reenwood 8 

Jacl sou 4 

M.i tomb City 6 

Mil Idlan 15 


1 udependence 20 

Kansas ( it v I 

Lamar 7 

I s Summit 5 

Lexington 7 

Louisiana 1 

Marsh Held 5 

Cass i ibrlsl Ian 5 

Benatobla. 7 

I n.a 6 

Walthall 5 

W villi- 21 

JTaz Iltj 20 

Moborly 10 

Nevada Ii 

Palmyra 12 

Se, lalia in 

Seneca 5 

Springfield M 

St. Louis 28 


Ashevllle 40 

Bryson * "it\" 6 

Ml. Airy 4 


Raleigh » 

Salisbury 82 

Waynesvllle 18 

Wilmington 11 

Winston 16 

Oklahoma City 22 

Portland, I iregon 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.. 

Norman B 


Alkln 28 


i lolumbla 

Darlington 27 

Edgefield 18 


• . reenwood 21 

LoDgmlns 5 

Manning 5 

Newberry 4 

Ninety-Six 9 














. 12 

. 5 





. 5 

. 1 






. 4 


















1 • Ilettsvllle 

11 v 

Harts\ ille 

Holt's Corner 

Lawn- burg 

1 .- banon 




Mel\ in 







1 ane\ Springs 

( "art hage 

1 lastallan Springs 

i towan 

i hat tanooga 

1 III. |. el Hill 

( ..1 lege Grove.., 


. 11 


. 5 




1 lumberland 1 llty. 


1 IJ el 



. 4 



11, | 


I'll.. \ ille 


El in 



Poplin's X K Is 


Rankin's Depot ,. 


El l'aso 




Fayel'i vllle. 

Flat Rock 



. R 



Archer CltJ 


Austin ... 



Coil Worth 






Caddo Mills 




i lalvert 

i lanadlan 


Grand View 


.'. IS 

1 caler l'oinl 



.. 5 

Coesfleld .. 










Del n 








i lulpeper 7 

Fredericksburg 7 

Lynchburg 21 

Huntington n 


Norfolk 15 

Portsmouth 20 

Radford 4 

Richmond 89 


Orangeburg 1 B 

Sally T 

Sumter 10 

Trent. .11 4 

Itiddlcton 6 

Roekolll 4 

Rogers> Ille 5 

Sadlersvllle 5 

Saundersville 5 

Sewanee 6 

Sharon 6 

Sh< Ibyvllle 24 

Sherwood 4 

Sho mi's X Roads. 4 

Sllvertop 5 

Smyrna 5 

south Pittsburg 

Springfield 11 

Stanton 1, 

Station c anil, li 

Sweetwater. 7 

Tennessee Ridge 5 

mvllle 11 

T< , I, ace, port 5 

Tracy city 9 


Tullahoma is 

I ni.mvillc 5 

Verona 1 


Wart race 9 

Waverly 9 

White Bluff 4 

w Lucbester 17 

Woodland Mills... 4 

Woolworth.. 14 

Wrencoe 4 

Yorkville 8 

Memphis 7 

Mexla 20 

Mllford 37 

Montague 4 

c mi Rock 5 

Paradise 4 


I'carsall 9 

Petty 11 

Rav 4 

Rockwall 30 

San Antonio 11 

Sherman 22 

south Prairie 4 

Sulphur Springs... 8 

sw 1 et water 6 

Tehuacana 15 

Temple 5 

Terrell 24 

Trent 4 

Tulip 5 

Tyler 12 

Vim Alstvnc 12 

Yiesea 8 

Waco Hi 

Walder 4 

Waxabaehle 21 

Weatherford s 

Whiles!,,,, o 11 

Wilis' Point '.'ii 

Wrlgbtsboro 12 


Warm Springs.. 
West l'oinl ...... 

Williamsburg ., 




Romney 8 

t'lncinnati, Ohio 11 

Reuben Campbell Camp, Statesville, X. ('.: I see id 
tiic December Veteran that you give Maj.S. A. Jonas 
as the author of " The Confederate Note." The news- 
papers "1' our' State bave recently hail quite a lengthy 
controversy as to the author, ami bave finally decided 
that the author was a North Carolina lady. Will you 
kindly give me any facts you may have as to the true 
author of the lines? The "Reply from across the 
chasm" — did you coin the beading? — was written to 
me, and I have the original manuscript. 




The only son of 
Dr. P. R. Bailey, <>i 
Nashvill e, Tenn., 
disappeared Nov. 22, 
1893, and bas never 
been 1 1 <-*: 1 1-< 1 from by 
his family since. 


Twelve years old, 

blue eyes, 1 1 l'n w ii 

hair, small black 
mole on t em y 1 e. 
This picture is a 
very pood likeness, 
though made when 
tlif lad was cipht. 
His only sister is 
Miss Marie Louise 
Bailey, whose su- 
perb reputation as a 
pianist was reported 
in February Vi ri r 
an. The father was 
look out for his boy. 

Let us all 

24 Out of 25. 

A prominent citizen of Martin, Tenn., came to the city re" 
cently to enter hia son in some one oi tbe business colleges 
here, It was suggested to him thai the best judges on that 
subject would !«• the business men ol the city. 01 these lie 
inquired to the number oi twenty live, ami be reported that 
twenty-four of that number recommended Jennings' Business 
College as being the most practical, the other gentleman ex- 
pressing no preference, I >f course Mr. Jennings got the young 
man. 8traws always show how the wind blows." 

Two More Positions. 

H. Blair Smith, son of R. McPhail Smith, of the faculty of 
Vanderbilt Law School, has secured a position in the office oi 
the Cumberland Telephone Company, and W. A. Farriss has 
a good position with the Sun Life Insurance Company. They 
are both recent graduates of Jennings' Business College Ask 
business men and bankers about business colleges. They are 
good judges. 

An Allround Book-keeper. — A letter to Mr. R. W. Jen- 
nings, of Nashville, from W. W. McDowell, of Chicago, on the 
27th tilt., says: "I was glad to know that you had not lost sight 

of me. I am keeping books for Armour & Co., and my brother, 

Horace, another one of your graduates, is with Nelson. Morris 
»fe Co., of this city. I keep the Country Ledger, from I) to G. 
and for the past three months have been the tirst to get my 
monthly balance." When Mr. McDowell graduated at Jen- 
nings' College he at once secure. 1 a position with the Capital 
City Bank, Nashville, where he occupied successively the posi- 
tions of teller and book-keeper until the bank closed. The 
fact that he is now a hook-keeper in a large mercantile house 
is evidence that his course in this noted school made him an 
"allround book-keeper." 

Co*.. J. A. Joel, whose advertisement appears in this Yet- 
KRAN.iswell known as the editor of the Grand Army 
National Guardsman. Much credit is due for his fearless arti- 
cles on pensions, in showing up frauds. Although severely 
WOUnded live times during the war, the war ended with him at 


Fortune or Mies-FORTTJIW. — Tf you have no employment, or 
are being poorly paid for the work you are doing, then write 
to B. F. Johnson & Co., of Richmond, Y.v, and they wNl show 
you how to transform Miss fortune into Madamc-fortune. Try it. 

Spring Races at Cumberland Park. 
The people oi Tennessee may expect to witness ti 

racing this spring at Cumberland Park that has ever beet 
in the South. There will si one thousand great race 

horses here. The tirst day, Friday, April 27th, will he Derby 
Day. The Cum if the richest stakes in the 

will be run that day. It will he worth nearly $5 
the winner, and all the great three year "Ids in the West are 

entered in it. It will be a great race. The management have 

again decided to make it free entrance to the Geld, - 

Bee this great race without paying one cent unless you want to. 

The management is confident of an immense gathei 

use it monopolizes for the time an area in which 
five other associations had a divide Last year. The Cumber- 
land Park track has secured such universal recognition 

of highest merit, that owners of the hest horses will be dili- 
gent to Becure its advantages. The officers are so favorably 
known that strangers will at once be convinced of fair dealing 
in every bi use. In the racing department Van L. Kirkman is 
• -nt of the Board of Governors, and Walter 0. Rainier is 
the Secretary. 


For County Trustee. 
W. it. HIGGINHOTHAM hereby announces himself as a 
candidate for Trustee, subject to the action of the Democratic 
party. Your support cordially solicited. 

W. B. t 1 . Ab'K is a candidate for County Trustee, BUbjed to 
action of Democratic primaries, after registration. 1 i 
August 2, 1894. 

For County Judge. 
R. R. CALDW1 11 Is a candidate for re-election to the 
offio ■• County Judge, subject to Democratic primary. 

i Nt i. THOMPSON announces candidate for County 

Judge. BUbject to Democratic primaries. 

For Sheriff. 
\V J HILL is a candidate for Sheriff. Is competent and 
so]i, it* your support in Democratic primaries. 

For Criminal Court Clerk. 
A. B. (Bl -II BPAIN is a candidate for Criminal ' 
Clerk, subject to Democratic primary. Election August. 1894. 

For Circuit Court Clerk. 
ALEX. J. HARRIS has announced himself as a candidate 
for Circuit Court Clerk, subject to Itemocratic primary. 

WILLIS J. SULLIVAN is a candidate for Circuit Court 
Clerk, subject to Democratic primaries. Election August, 1 v >4. 

For County Court Clerk. 
P. A. SHELTON is a candidate for County Court Clerk, 
subject to the action of the Democratic primaries. Election 
August. 1894. 

JAMES Y. LIPSCOMB announces himself as a candidate for 
County Court Clerk, subject to action of Democratic primaries. 

For Register. 
JNO. r. HICKMAN is competent, desires the emoluments, 

and solicits your support for County Register. 

EWING CHADWELL is a candidate for re-election to the 
office of Register of Davidson County, subject to Democratic 

W. A. DONELSt >N, of the Fourth District, is worthy of your 
consideration, and hopes to have your approval for Register at 
the ensuing primary election. 

For Tax Assessor. 

TIM M. HANIFIN is a candidate for Tax Assessor of David- 
son County, subject to the Democratic primary. 

We are authorized to announce the name of JOHNS' >N V. 
LINTON for the office of Tax Assessor of Davidson County. 




Patented July 18, 1888. 

Sleeve Buttons, Pins. 

Charms, Etc. 

mmended by < Sonfederate Commanders, and received by veter- 
an* everywhere as the most expressive and tasteful souvenirs of the 
lost cause. 

Send for description and price lis! to 

FRANK EDWARDS & CO., Dallas, Texas. 

We do the engraving for the 


XTbc IRasbvtlle Hmerican, the veteran, AND 



The old, old American, ever true to the people of the South, under its new management with 
Hon. J. M. Head, President, continues its helpful inliuenee to the Veteran' in the liberal 
spirit manifested by the above club rate. 


it fis. 8 


Honesty. Solidity. Durability. 

Every Confederate Soldier and His Family should use 


A store-house of medical force, totally different from all other 

frills: a simple, effectual, precious preparation. Restores the equl- 
Lbrium of the molecular motion of the affected tissues. No shock to 
the system, uo reactionary effect. Deranges no function, produces no 
nausea, no griping, ao purging. Experience bas shown them extra- 
ordinarily efficacious In diseases of tne stomach, liver, bowels ami 
iu*rv«'H widely adopted wherever Introduced. Prepared from pure 
vegetable extract.* only, and sugar- coated. Bead what is said by chose 
who have used i hem. 

CASE Ne. 18. 

Torpid Liver, 

CASE No. 3. 
La Grippe. 

CASE No. 53. 
Liver & Nerves- 

Franc. M. Paul. Nashville, Trim., writes: I take 
pleasure In stating that I have been greatly relieved of 
i he t roublesome effects of a torpid liver, indigestion and 
flatulency by your Stockell Liver Pills. They are mild 

hut effectual in t heir action, and a hw doses taken 111 

the early spring have so cleansed and stimulated the 
natural channels and functions of the system aa to se- 
cure tomes far more healthy and buoyant condition 
than I have enjoyed for a number Of 5 ears. 


Mrs. writes: I was confined to iny bed for 

eks with la grippe. A permanent cure was effected 
a few days with your Stockell Liver Pills. 

J. F. McDevitt. Huntsville, Ala., writes: Your 

stockell Liver Fills have no rival as a remedy for 
chronic diseases of the liver and stomach. Arenewer 
of the entire nervous system. 

Try Them. Ask for Stockeir* Liver PI lift, and take no other. 
If your drugglsl does not have them, we will mail them on receipt of 
25 cents, or rive boxes for 81. in stamps or currency. Address the 
AiHEKlCAN >n i»i< im COMPANY, or the Coxtedkbate Vkt- 
eran, Nashville, Tenn. Always mention the Vktkhan in ordering. 

















































S. Z 


The Greatest Southern System. 

The route of the Great Washington and 
Southwestern Vestibuled Limited, composed 
only of Pullman Vestibuled Sleeping and 
Dining Cars, solid to and from New York, 
Including Through Vestibuled Sleepers be- 
tween New Orleans and New York via Mont- 
f;omery. Atlanta, Charlotte, Danville, Char- 
ottesviile and Washington. Ali>othe"U. S. 
Great Fast Mail," with Through Pullman 
Sleepers, saving twelve hours between New 
York and Montgomery, without change; 
triple daily trains between the Bast and At- 


via Birmingham, the short and direct route 
East and West. All Confederates going to 
the Confederate Reunion, at Birmingham, 
should see that their tickets read via the 
Georgia Pacific Railway and Richmond A 
Danville Railroad. 

W. A. Turk, 
General Passenger Agent, Washington, D. C. 
Annl. S. ][. Hakkwick, 

General Passenger Agent, Atlanta, Ga. 



For the meeting of the Confederate Veterans 
to be held al Birmingham, Ala., April, '-'">- 'JU. 
The"CoTTOs Belt Route" will make a rate 
from all points on its lines, of oiip Io»«*t 
Ural ClA>«S tare lor tile roun|» lrl|». 

Tii-iots to be sold 

APRIL 22 and 23, 1894, 

1 tor thirty (80) days returning. 

The Cotton Belt route is ti"' only Uni 
with through ear service from the Great 
sunt 1 1 west to M cm phis, ami no change oi oars 
from Ft. Wort h, Waco or intermediate points, 
two dally trains carrying through ooaohes, 
free reclining ohalr cars, and Pullman sleep- 
ers. All lines connect with and have tickets 
on sale via the " i iottoh Belt route." 

Address the following agents for all In- 
formation you may desire concerning a trip 
and rates to the reunion of Veterans at Birm- 
A. A.GLISSON.T. P.A., S. G. WARNER, G. P. A , 
Ft. Worth, Tex. Tyler, Tex. 

St. Louis, Mo. 
W. G. ADAMS, Nashville, is Trav. Pass. Agt. 
3- TU 





,UUU I, ]K!I|. \\ •,. -,,, 

: to i 
cash prized November I, i -:« i . • >i . each ol the 
following vegetables, vis.: i. Tomato (Favor- 
ite) — ¥'«mi for a ripe tomato in sixty daj s from 
the tinif the Beed Is sown ; 150 eacb for the 
four earliest raised In 1884. 2, 125 each forthe 
twenty heaviest beads "f Surehead cal 

ea< h foi i he live 1 1 • ■: ■ -i. leal Ki j atom 
watermelons: R5u for a Keystone weighing 
iihi pounds or over. i. 8600 for the 
Moon Pansy blossoms raised In 1804, making 
thirty-two cash prizes of 12,000. This is done 

simply t Lvertlseoui business. Bend nfiv 

cents in silver or P. O. note, and we « I 

package of each of the above rourveg- 

etabfes ana pansy seed, lyournarae 

forcompetlon on prizes. Terms for compe- 
tition, two witnesses Is all thai Is necessary. 


{■■04-21 Towanda, I'm 


Tin- BEST PLACE t.. purcl 

Flags, Banners, Swords, Belts, Caps, 

and all kinds "f Milliard I <|iii|iiii<iii 

J. A. JOEL & CO.. 

s* Nassau BU, (JEW t( IRK. 

" We would like to see the 1 - 
< \ i lamp room, and carried by i hem * hen 
i»n parade ' I battli see rred ^ ■ 

Bend i' u i" lot list. 

- OjTOs B Y jj(.j. 5 HULTZ 



Leather Woven Link Belt? 


Leather • Pulley • Covering? 



Ward Seminary, 



1 CD 


o W 
co r- 



Draft and Bottles, 


Conservatory of Music School of Fine Arts. 

i oi Mteloffui ind Information, min 1 n 
J D. BLANT0N. President, Nashville, Tenn. 

M>- c\liii it oi Beeds and Garden Vegetables was awarded several Premiums and a 
Special Diploma by Piedmont Exposition Judges In 1881. Encouraged by tins success, 
[sent a collection of Seeds to the World's Fair, and wn> award* M md Diploma 

for besl collection there. This is high Indorsement, for the seed met in com petit ion 
those a rent see, I houses .if this country, but mine gut there beautifully. I hnvehad 

experience with tbe various s is offered the farmers, ami my judgment Bays the 

collection he low is the beat. The collection is a choice selection of Garden Vegetable 

seeiis. and Is gotten up wit h the Idea of establishing a s 1 business: 28 papen 

large) of choice Vegetable Seed ; 1 package i atning 200 Annuals Flower : 1 pack- 
age of my I Istton, " Kings Improved ; " I package ol my Corn, " Kings Improved "— 
all postpaid for 81.00. Circulars telling all aboul my Beed free. 

-M.t iddresa, T.j. KING, Richmond,Va. 

$12.00 to $35.00 a week can 

he made working for us, l'artles preferred 
win. oan furnish s leu— and travel thn 
the country : ;i team, t bough, is not nee. 
\ few vacancies in towns and cities. Men 
and women of good character will find this 
an exceptional opportunity for profll 
employment, spare hours may be need to 

B. I i"ll Ns, IN a ru.. nth and Main si-.. 
1 mono. v \. l-IM-ly 

IKn . 1 . I V I It VM, ,1R. 

11 e. vi ,1 t unn 

1 HAS I I - 



16 18 Wai LSraawr, NEW VOBK. 



1 .1 beauty. 
LIGHT BF \HM \s. toi earij br 

•or 15. 

•i I he fall. It 

Address MRS. T. E. McDANIEL. Smith's Grove. Ky, 

•• Fine Shoes •• 

I iv w. IMEN wo ' II 1LDREN kXD 

TO A 1.1. V > 

Trunks. Traveling Bags and Umbrellas. 
M,.i, 1.1. prit • 

Dental Department 

Sixteenth Annual Session 

ontlnue un- 
til Utter pnrt of February. 

Infirmary. tSouttieaal corner Brood and High 
now open for tit' -f pi>- 

I lent* "ill I-- charged - 

hi petent in- 
Btrud I 1 be work. 

Infirmary open from M a. in. to 4 p. m. 

Ll-taoa. R B. LEES, M. D., DBS., Dean. 



Is sold under a positive guarantee to 

Blind, Bleeding, Itohing 

and every form of 


I or money refunded. \\\ drug. 
< Price. 50 eta. 
DR. W.F.GRAY 4 CO. Nashville tenn. 


9 6 


Attorney and Counsellor at Law, 


Invitee correspondence from readers of 
. in-: business In Ibis pal I ol 

the State. ' \ at. 2 ft Sank, 





119 N. Market St., Nashville, Tenn. 

Solicits' Correspond* nee. Telephone 1082. 

All Kinds of Brushes to Order. 


The Editor's Investigation, 

Nashville Brush Factory, 

P. I.I.KV-nv, 1'Kol'KlETOR. 


112 South Market Street. NASHVILLE. TENN. 


I Largesl Block in the South.) 



Tricycles, \.I<hi|iii1is. I Jr.. Has,- Bull, 
l*ii ii is .V Croquet SetB, IIiiiiiiii'k Us. 
Krlflfll ami Souvenir PreneulH. 

S®~MAIL orders solicited and carefully filled 


30» «'olle|ce M-, -Nashville, Tenn. 




Pullman Vestibule Bleeping Car line, ,iack- 
sonvlUe, l-'ia.. to Nashville, Tenn., via F. ('. & 
P. R. R. Lake City, Macon, Atlanta, over 
W. A- A. R. K. to Chattanooga, and N. < '. A si. 
I., to Nashville, leaves Jacksonville every 
evening and arrives at Nashville next even- 
ing, making direct connections with trains 
carrying Through Bleeping Cars t" 

CHICAGO, st. Mil 'is. ciNi -inn ATI. 

Etc. This line gives day light ride through 
the picturesque mountains and eld battle- 
fields of Georgia and Tennessee, and is fam- 
ous lor " always being on time." ■ -.* 
Berths reserved through al F. C. <& I', ilcket 
offices in Jacksonville. Address 

Gen 'I smith, l'ass. Agt., Atlanta, Ga., 


GenT P. AT. Ag't, Nashville, Tenn. 

Home Testimonials Dr. Yowell's 


Mit. Editor- For tin- pas) twenty years I 
have suffered from ca 'of the fare Con- 
sulted the tin ist learned Burgeons of tliis 
country, and have tried a i must every known 

ret ly without effect. My borne pbysli 

said it would kill me, ami my experience 
i a ug lit me the seal of death wasBtamped od 
my face. I am now 60 years old. Have been 
a practicing physician in Nashville tor fifteen 
years, bavlug retired a year ago mi ac- 
count of my disease. With dOUbt and with- 
out hope I consulted Drs. Reynolds, dlscov- 
. rers of thr nil Cuiv. I was pleased lotind 
tiirin honorable physicians and Burgeons, 
calculated to inspire hope in the hearts of 
Buffering humanity. After thirty days' ap- 
plication of tin- Painless oils 1 am al Bt 

well, a large eehar remaining, showing the 
once diseased condition. Hoping my short 
letter will save the lives of many, I am, 
Faithfully yours. 

Dr. J. E. Yoweli., 
1221 N. Vine si.. Nashville, Teun. 

Thr editor of the Veteran Is well ac- 
quainted with Dr. Yoweli. and would accept 
any statement from him. 

To the Press— I am atoll-gate keeper, have 
suffered since 1888 with fistula, and have been 
totally unable to work. Like all men, I hesi- 
tated to write for the Oil Cure. I called on 
Drs. Reynolds six weeks ago, and they 
placed me on the oils. I am working every 
day. Have been examined by physicians 
and pronounced well. I advise every sufferer 
to rmploy this great remedy. I suffered no 
pain from the treatment. I will be glad to 
write to all atllicted. Joseph A. Peach, 
Franklin, Tenn. 

Mr. L. M. Whitaker, of Sunday Times, 
Nashville, recommends the oil Cure for ca- 
tarrh : The most pleasant, safest and shortest 
road to recovery, and it affords me great 
pleasure to commend Drs. Reynolds to suffer- 
ing humanity as skilled physicians. My 
hearing has been restored. 

Hon. Neal Brown, of San Saba, Tex., writes: 
After stitl'ering ten years with five eating 
cancers, involving my eyes, nose and mout h, 
I learned of Drs. Reynolds' oil Cure, and if 
my Infallible indorsement can establish truth 
thousands can he saved pain, torment and 

Wilbur Close, manager of Snow-Church Co.. 
Baxter Court, Nashville, says: After suffering 
twenty years with catarrh of head, nose and 
throat, the baneof my existence, I consider 
thr iiil Cure the greatest discovery of thr 
ninrtrrnt b century, and having been person- 
ally acquainted with its. Reynolds over a 
year, I recommend them as honorable phy- 
sicians. 1 am well. 

Drs. Reynolds have perfected the Oil Cure 
for the treatment of consumption, catarrh, 
cancer, lupus, ulcers, piles, fistula, eczema, 
scrofula, rheumatism, Bright 's disease, womb 
diseases, arnd all lnllammatory diseases of the 
eye, ear, nose, and throat: nervous debility 
ami excesses treated on thr most scientific 
principles. Call on or address Drs. Keynolus, 
H9 North Spruce Street, Nashville, Tenn. 

Bend stamp for reply. 

Goto.. VOGEL'S 



233 North Summer Street. 
Nashville, Tenn. 


318S Union St., Nashville, Tenn. 
Jun-ly Telephone 588. 




de-at 319 UNION STREET. 

Dr. Hodge's 

the Best 
of the Age. 

Purifies the blood, eliminates all poison- 
ous and dangerous matter, restores the 
health, builds up and strengthens the 
system, aids digestion, corrects an un- 
healthy and deranged stomach. A cer- 
tain cure for all blood and skin diseases; 
rheumatism, scrofula, old sores, pimples, 
blotches, eruptions, itching humors, 
boils, swollen joints, aching bones, sore 
eyes, tetter, scald head, dyspepsia, gen- 
eral debility, tired and sore feeling in the 
body and limbs. 


For sale by Druggists. 



Qo pfederat^ l/eterai?. 

Published Monthly in the Interest of Confederate Veterans and Kindred Topics. 


fSKti™ } Vol. II. Nashville, Texn., April, 1894. 

N-. . IS. \.i i-nnini; 
°- 4- 1 Proprietor. 

Entered at the Postoffloe, Nashville, Ti-nn.. as seoond-olau matter 

Advertisements : Two dollars per Inch one time, or s-jn a year, ex- 
cept la*t page. Oue pae^ one time, special, 940. Dtsoount: Bialfyear, 
one-Issue; one 3 ear, two iBsuea. This is an Increase on former rate. 

Contributors win please '"■ dlllgenl t<> abbreviate. The s ,: is too 

Important for any wing 1 hat has doi sp< 

The datr to ■abseiiptlnns is always given to the month '<■ 
emls. For Instance, if the Vktf.kan be ordered to begin with Janu- 
ary, the date on mail list will be Deoember, and the subscriber enti- 
tled to that number. 

Though men deserve, they nuiv not win BUCt 

The brave will honor the brave, vanquished none the less. 

Td SOBSi RIBEBS. — Kindly look at the date of your 

subscription. If the time is out please write at once. 
If you 'iin't Bend renewal and want it continued, ~ay 
so. Statements of accounts will not be sent nor plea 

made ill any Other way than this. Tin Vt 1 1 1: w can- 
tint lie sent without pay, ami yet BubBcribera can take 
advantage of getting it beyond the time- paid for until 
1 sii.ii] fee] obliged, however reluctant, to discontinue. 
The present is a very important period with the pub- 
lication. The tost of Souvenir is a very large Bum, 
the stringency in finances considered Please let me 

have a reunion by mail with all who have BO kindly 

worked for the VETERAN, Von can't eonecive tie 

efit that will accrue if you will write Jin letter* toadver- 

Who would do well to use the V lit I; AN Tell BUCb 

advertisers how devoted are patrons of the Veteran, 

and that they, as a rule, feel especially friendly to 
those who advertise in it. If you don't i- r " to Birming- 
ham send greetings to me therewith such wot,]- of 

commendation and encouragement as you feel. Ad- 
dress all letters to Nashville except Buch as would not 
reach here before the - )th. then tor two days let me 

hear at Birmingham. As you believe in the Veteran 

let it he known individually or by organizations at 

Birmingham, if not at Nashville before reunion time. 

Extracts from "Roll Call" published in last Vi 1 1 1, w 

Comrades, don't forget that life is a struggle front 
the first sound of the bugle to the last "tattoo." The 
B w is as powerless to accomplish its patriotic and 
holy purposes as would have been our army com- 
manders to win victories without the co-operation of 
the soldiers. This statement must meet your approval. 
Your reputation and the memories of your comrades 
who never returned are involved. The VETERAN is 
the most important medium that has ever been printed 
to represent the principles for which you suffered. If 
it be worthy you should stand by it. and if not you 
should protest against its use of the sacred name. 
Roll call is at hand. Please answer, "Here!'' You 
can tell by reference to the date of your subscription. 

If it indicates that your time is out you should answer, 
'"Here'" TheV] rERANwill be sent to those who can't 
pay. a- Ion- as practicable, but they should write. 

It is useless to appeal to the noble women whose 
enthusiasm kept them animated to the end of the 
struggle. To the daughters and sons of Confederate 
soldiers who answered to their names faithfully, but 
can't do so now. the merit of this plea is made. Let 
all who believe in the good faith of Confederates rally 
now to their advocate, and the world will yet honor 
them more and more in what they did. 

This organ of the Southern soldiers in the war of 
'■l 5 ha- been amazingly popular from the first 
It was started in January, 1898, with an edition of 
5,000 copies, and for the past six months more than 
b>.(KKi : ,\. ie have been required to meet de- 

mands. Every public spirited and patriotic person 
South should take pride in its prominence and merit. 

Don't respond to this w ith simply good intentions. 
/'.;/.. <!,, money from vket and tend U. The writer 

knows full well his own fault in this respect, and for 
this reason he earnestly a-ks ot you. Commend others 
to join you. 

To Correspondents Accept profound thanks for 
what you have Bent t" go in the Veteran. He patient 
for literal production or liberal extracts I'o ferenoe 

has been given so fai Bpt ■ ially to those who had I 
written for publication. It is the greater compliment 
for them to write, and they seem to remember better 
than the educated. The Veterak does not intend 
partiality toward any person or any section of our 
own dear Dixie. It prays for long life in the faith of 
doing great good. Write concisely, and only fat t-. 

Editor Henry Ci n F airman, of th< • South, 

will recite his poem, " The Veterans of the Smith,'' to 
the United Confederates at Birmingham. Mr. Fair- 
man has written a thrilling serial, entitled, "The 
Third World; a Story of Romance and Strange Ad- 
venture," which will begin in the •nth with 
the issue of April 'Jlsi. Write for a free sample copy 
of the number containing the opening installment. 

CAPT. B. F. Ham, Santa Ana. Cal., who recently 

sent six subscribers to the Veteran, says in his letter: 
•■ I commanded Company A. 56th Tennessee Regi- 
ment, Quarles' Brigade, Walthall's Division, in the 

battle of Franklin. Every man of my company who 
went into the fight was either killed or wounded ex- 
cept myself. Most of them lay in front of the old 
gin not far from where the brave Cleburne fell. 



Me. Robert Chisolm, of Birmingham, formerly of 
Smith Carolina, and who had charge of the tableaux 
to be comprised of a young lady from each Southern 
State, wrote, after the Veteran had secured a picture 
of Miss Chisolm: "My daughter Lelia had been se- 
Lected to represent Smith Carolina. * * I have 

finally persuaded the South Carolina people to select 
a resident, and consequently Gen. S. s. Crittenden 
writes me that he has selected Miss Delia Hayne, a 
"lant of the great Hayne who was a compeer of 
Webster and other great lights in the days now gone, 
and a daughter of Paul Tropier Hayne. Sin- is about 
seventeen years old, and a blonde." In the changed 
arrangemenl .Mi-- Lelia Laurens Chisolm is to repre- 
"< olumbia," in the reunion tableau. 

Maj. Robert Chisolm, of Alabama, Chairman of the 
Entertainment Committee at Birmingham Reunion 

Tniti'il ( 'onfederate Veterans. 


Commanders and Adjutants in Texas have not re- 
sponded as fully as was expected to the request for in- 
ition "I' where their Camp members served in the 
war. In the outlet $5. '2') was expended in postage to 
secure the statistics. It would be a most interesting 
table, but only about one third of the 131 Camps have 
responded. The figures they furnish will be interest- 
ing in the aggregate. One month more will be given. 
The aggregate reports are as follows: Camps, 42; to- 
tal membership, 6,201. Of these 2,519 enlisted from 

Texas. 660 from Alabama, 540 from Mississippi, 523 
I see, 311 from Arkansas, 357 from Florida, 

211 from Missouri, 219 from Louisiana, 160 from Vir- 
ginia, II:'. States unknown. The next report will give 
names of the ( amps and number from each State, and 
must then be dismissed. 

S. S. CRITTEXDEX. MAJ. GEN. V. c. V., S. C. 

Maj. lien. Stanley S. Crittenden, commanding the 
Division of South Carolina, United Confederate Vet- 
erans, is a native of his State, and is sixty-three years 
old. His father, Dr. John Crittenden, was one of the 
early settlers of Greenville. His grandfather, Na- 
thaniel Crittenden, of Connecticut, was a Lieutenant, 
and one of six brothers in the Continental Army. 
The mother officii. Crittenden was Miss Stanley, a 
member of that well known family in the old North 
State, lie was educated in Greenville and at Eliza- 
beth, N. .1. 

In IS;")") (Jen. Crittenden married Miss Eliza E. 
Lynch, of Virginia, who died in 1868, leaving one son 
and three daughters. He afterward married Mrs. C. 
A. Bedell, of Columbia, S. C. a lady eminent for her 

(Jen. Crittenden was a planter. He volunteered at 
the first call for troops, and was elected First Lieuten- 
ant of a company that became part of the 4th South 
Carolina regiment under Col. J. B. E. Sloan, and par- 
ticipated prominently in the first battle of Manassas. 
This regiment and Wheat's battalion, forming Evans' 
brigade, on our extreme left, commenced the great 
battle and held the hosts of the enemy in check for 
two hours before being reinforced. The regiment suf- 
fered severely in killed and wounded. The day after 
this battle Lieut. Crittenden received the appoint- 



men t of Adjutant in place of the gallant Samuel I). 
Wilkes, of Anderson, who was killed. 

In the great battle of Seven Pines, in May. 1862, 
when many iif tin- gallant regiment were killed. Adit. 
Crittenden was wounded by a minie ball in the left 
breast while in front of his command. During his 
absenci b© ause of this wound Gov. Pickens appointed 
him Lieutenant Colonel of the 4th Regiment of Re- 
serves then forming for the di the Carolina 
Coast. At the expiration of this service on the* 

I a- a private in Gen. Gary's mounted 
regiment, Hampton's famous legion, for servici around 
Richmond. He also served on the stall of < • ■ n < !ary. 

[Miss Delia Hayn* South Carolina in Reunion ' 

1'. i'. V. :it Birmingham.] 

After the war ( .en. Crittenden returned to planting. 
but for ten years served in his State Legislature as 
Repi esentative and as Senator. He was Postmaster at 
Greenville fouryeare during Mr. Cleveland's first ad- 
ministration. He succeeds Gen. Ellison Capers, now 
Assistant Bishop of South Carolina, and has devoted 
much time and attention to the interests of the broth- 
erhood, and the number of Camps has increased from 
six to more than thirty. He hopes to meel the repre- 
sentatives Of at least fifty Camps Of United Confeder- 
ate Veterans from the Palmetto State a1 Birmingham. 


Born in Monroe County, Va. At an early age he 
was sent to South Carolina, and educated in that State. 
When of age he engaged in business in Georgetown, 
s. t . and for several years did a large business as a 
cotton merchant. While a resident of Georgetown he 
was Adjutant and Inspector General of Cavalry, which 

position he filled creditably to himself and his adopted 

16 he removed to Florida, w 
planter until the secession of the State. Early in '61 he 

i an artillery company, and was elected First 

Lieutenant. Preferring cavalr be organised a 

cavalry company, «> • lei ted Captain, and served un- 
til near tl je oi the war. when he was pron 

lonel. Alter the war he served four years in the 
state Legislature of Florida With the restorati 
the Democratic party to powei ippointed Ad- 

jutant Genera] oi : nd served four 

As a i onfederate officer he was, in the high' 

faithful to duty." Hi- efficient and faithful 
services are recognized throughout Florida, and his 
name household word in every home, identi- 

fied with that - ause. 

■ The historical narrative of "Dickisonand his Men," 
or "Remit - oftheWarin Florida," is a tribute 

of affection and gratitu a valuable contribution 

to the history of the Confederate War. It portrays 
many brilliant achievements and soldierly qualities 
of that gallant command. True, "the luavest are the 
tenderest," a fact illustrated by his ever watchful in- 

in the"soldier boys" confided to his care by 
patriotic mothers. He gave his own son. a noble youth 
of eighteen, who was killed in an engagement with 
the Federals near I'alatka. August 3, 1864. In dis- 
of spirit the bereaved father and victor, though 
dearly bought, carried on horseback the lifeless form 
of his noble son, the blood still flowing from the 
wound, to the encampment -i\ miles distant. This 
affliction was peculiarly trying, as tin- I son 

was the only surviving child of hi- first marriage. 

Other sketches of Major Generals and young lady 
representatives in last pages of this issue. 




John Cox Underwood, eldest son of the late Judge 
Joseph Rogers Underwood and his second wife Eliza- 
beth Threlkeld Cox, was bom September 12, 1840, in 
in Georgetown, D. C, while his father was a member 
of Congress from Kentucky. His early instruction 


Congress, in raising a regiment of Kentucky cavalry, 
lit' which Hodge was to be Colonel, Underwood receiv- 
ing the provisional appointment of Lieutenant Col- 
onel, lie did not go with Buckner to the Trans-Mis- 

sissijijii Department, as had been intended, but re- 
turned to Tennessee early in 1863, and. having ty- 
phoid lever he Cell into the hands of the enemy on 
Bragg's retreat from Tullahoma. After several months 
he was taken by his father to Bowling Green, Ky., and 
was paroled. Before he got well Vicksburg had fallen, 
Gettysburg had been fought and lost to the Confeder- 
ates, and the Federal Secretary of War, Stanton, refused 
further exchanges. 

Underwood played the "citizen dodge," and was or- 
dered through the military lines South, but Gen, 
Granger, at Nashville, objected, and he was placed in 

the military prison at Louisville, lie was afterward 
sent to Cincinnati, and several months later was sent 
to Fort Warren, near Boston. This was in October, 
'63, and he was kept there until the fall of '64. 

Through the personal influence of United States 
Senators who bad served in the Senate with his father, 
President Lincoln directed that he be paroled, hut 
" not to enter an insurgent State without permission 
from the Secretary of War." He went to Washington 
three times, the last in February. 1865, in attempts to 
secure his exchange, hut was unsuccessful, and he was 
a prisoner on parole at the close of the war. 

He became a planter, and later followed his profes- 
sion as a civil engineer and architect. He was Mayor 
of Bowling Green, State Commissioner, and Lieuten- 

was from bis admirable mother, from the schools of 
Bowling Green, Ky., and at a high school in .Jackson- 
ville, 111. Later he took a four years' course at the 
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute of Troy, New York. 
He graduated with distinction as a civil engineer in 
in June, 1862. While a student at the Polytechnic, 
through his relative, Maj. John Todd, U. S. A., then 
on duty at West Point Military Academy, he secured 
the military text books used at the "Point" and 
studied the course in military engineering and the art 
of attack and defense as taught there. 

II is emphatic Southern sentiments, boldly ex pressed, 
got him into trouble with his Northern associates on 
the fall of Fort Sumter. After his graduation he re- 
turned to his home in Kentucky, but that section was 
overrun with Federal soldiers. Resisting all appeals 
to the contrary, for his father was a Union man, he 
mounted his horse and, running the Federal pickets, 
came farther South. Through his brother-in-law, Maj. 
A. M. Rutledge, of Gen. Polk's staff, he was given a 
staff position by Gen. 8. B. Buckner. and afterward 
at Murfreesboro tendered another staff appointment 
by Gen. Breckinridge. On Buckner's written recom- 
mendation he was appointed a First Lieutenant of 
Engineers. He joined Hon. Geo. B. Hodge (after- 
ward a General), then a member of the Confederate 

Miss Etta Mitchell, representative tor Mississippi in Reunion 
r. i ■. v. ;.i Blrmingnm.l 

ant (iovernor of Kentucky. He was also a member of 
the State Democratic Committee. 

Cen. Underwood is one of the most prominent Odd 
Fellows living, having been Grand Master of the Juris- 
diction of Kentucky, (irand Sire of the entire Order 
throughout the world, and for the past eight years the 
General commanding the military branch thereof. 



He has resided in the Northern States for -ix or 
seven rears, and is the Major General commanding 
the Division of the North, I'. C. V. Through his 
efforts the ten thousand dollar monument in Chicago 
has been erected over the 6,000 Confederate soldiers 
buried in Oakwooods Cemetery. It is the only Con- 
federate memorial on Northern ground, and is a 
beautiful matt-rial tribute to the soldier dead of the 
"left cause." The money was principally raised by 
dormtions from the liberal citizens of « Ihicago. It will 
be formally dedicated May 3< '. 

In addition to his division command, he is Com- 
mander of the Northern Department, (J. C. V., em- 
bracing the States of Kentucky, West Virginia, Mary- 
land, tin' District of Columbia, and all the Northern 
cast of the Mississippi River. He is collecting 
data relating to the Confederate dead buried in the 
North. He organized the (".('. V. in Kentucky, se- 
lected and appointed Gen. Boyd to command that 
division, which has since grown so rapidly, and has 
done much toward perfecting the federation of Con- 
federate veterans. 

Gen. Underwood married Miss Drue Duncan, of 
Warren County. Ky . in 1867, and they have three 
grown children, a son and two daughtt 


Commander Georgia Dn ision U. C. V., is one of the 
most remarkahlent' living Confederates. At eighteen 

he was a lawyer, at twenty-two a judge, at twenty-live 
a State Senator, and at thirty-one a Major General in 

the Confederate Armv. One of the most successful of 


his heroic exploits was in leading the charge whereby 
Marye's Heights were recaptured. His deeds of valor 
secured for him rapid promotion from Colonel to Major 
General in the Army of Northern Virginia. Before 

the end of the struggle his heart turned away from 
for military conquest, and he said: "I deter- 
mined to enter the ministry when the war -hould end, 
for it was better to save men than to destroy them." 

Evans is personally very popular with tie 
people. A Georgia paper, of the many that i 
him, si it( - 

"The people love Gen. clement A. Evans be 
they recognize in him all the elements that ennoble 

M M \ D| I Rial IvefOl I 

in Reunion I '. C. V. j, t BlrmlDgti&ni. 

the patriot, and all the instincts that consecrate the 

Christian gentleman. They love him because his 

voice and his pen oquent and polished in ad- 

ing every thing that will build up the moral and 

i' -- of the community, a- hi- record of 

service on the battlefield in behalf "t In- i ountry and 

section is spotless and glorious. They love him be- 

cause he magnifies any position he occupies, and is 

typed in the line- . 

"The bravest are the tender* 
The loving are the daring." 

VARIOUS error- that have occurred in the VETERAN 
are to he corrected in the next number. Of the 
article about tight at Paducah, and of ( apt. 8. I>. Buck, 
of Baltimore. Some changes should have been made 
in young lady representatives at reunion. Miss Laura 
Boone takes tie' place,,) Mi— Banks, of Texas, and a 
substitute, Dame not given, takes the place of Miss 
Cantwell, "f North Carolina. 

The Camp list, revised carefully to reunion date, 
will he at reunion for general reference. Its reappear- 
ance in the Veteran may he expected hereafter. 



W. N. BUSH, MA.I. GE.\. U. C. V. 

\V. N. Bush, Major General commanding North- 
eastero Division "1" the Texas U. C. V., i- a native of 
Kentucky. He was born in Clark County. May 27, 
1833, and was married to Miss I'.cttie Ranev, of the 
same county, on April 17, 1856. They removed goon 
thereafter to Collin County, Texas, where he engaged 

in fanning and stuck raising. lie enlisted as a private 

in Company G, Alexander's Regiment of Cavalry, 
which served in the Trans-Mississippi Department. 
The regiment was dismounted in L862, after doing 

hard service in Arkansas. Missouri and the Indian 
Territory. While in cavalry his horse was shot under 
him. At the reorganization of the regiment in '62, he 
was elected 1st Lieutenant of his company. Erelong 
In- was promoted to Captain. Early in '<;:'> his regi- 
ment was removed to Louisiana and put in Gen. Pol- 
[gnac's Brigade, Mouton's Division, where he served 
until the close of the vvar. This division did efficient 
service in meeting and repulsing Gen, Banks on his 
expedition up lied River. The Alexander regiment 
captured the Xiins battery of Hanks' army. It was 
the first capture of cannon at Mansfield, and (leu. 
Bush was the first man to reach the battery. In the 
second day'.- light at 1'leasant Hill lie received a wound 
in the leg. In this engagement Banks was driven 
back to the Mississippi, hnt with heavy loss to the 
Confederates. He held the confidence of officers and 
comrades as a man and commander. At the close of 
the war he returned to his home in Collin County, 
Texas, and with renewed energy rebuilt his interests. 
In 1870 he was elected Sheriff of his county, served 
faithfully and efficiently for four years, when he re- 
turned again to his farm, where he has remained, be- 
ing financially successful. In January, 1892, he was 
commissioned Major General by Gen. Gordon to com- 

mand the Northeast Texas Division, U. C. V. That 
division has increased to fifty-eight Camps from three 
( amps since his appointment. He has spared neither 

time nor money in trying to get the old Confederates 
in touch with each other. He is thoroughly devoted 
to these interests. 

(ien. I'.ush is nearly six feet high, weighs two hun- 
dred and ten pounds, and is still a very active man. 

Late advices from Texas are that "(ien. I'.ush will 
attend the reunion at Birmingham with a full force 
from all of the Camps in North Texas.'' 


April 25th.— Convention called to order at !i a. m., at Winnie 
Davis Wigwam, by Maj. Gen. F. S. Ferguson, Alabama Divi- 
sion; Prayer by the Chaplain General; Address of welcome by 
His Excellency Thomas G. Jones, Governor of Alabama; Ad- 
dress of welcome by Hon. David J. Fox. Mayor of Birming- 
ham ; Response by < ien. John B. < lordon, Commander-in-Chief 
I'. C. V.; Enrollment of Delegates and permanent organiza- 
tion of Convention. 

Afternoon, 2 p.m. — Annual Oration at Wigwam. Resump- 
tion of business by Convention. 

Evening, 7:30 o'clock. -Tableau of States and Concert, at 
Wigwam; Reception for Mrs. Davis and Miss Winnie, and 
Other invited guests, at the pallors of the Caldwell Hotel. 


■•• : 

1 i 



' \ 

.M i-s Carrie T. Cochrwn, Kufaula, representative for AJabaina 
in Reuulon U. G. v. at Birmingham.] 

Second day, April 26th.- Convention meets at 'J o'clock A. M. 
at the Wigwam ; Business, of tin- Convention resumed. 

Afternoon, 2:30 o'clock. — Column formed for review, 


pass the Commander in-Chief, who will occupy tbe reviewing 

stand at the Dark ; Laying of Corner-stone of ( on federate Mon- 
ument at City Dark; Address by Hen. Stephen l>. Lee. 

Evening, 7:30 o'clock,- Tabli aux ol the States and Concert at 
Wigwam; Reception of young ladies representing the states at 
Southern ( Hub. 

Note. — Delegates and visiting veterans are requested to call 
at the Headquarters of Camp W. .). Hardee, No. 2014 First 
Avenue, and register. They will be furnished with badges. 
Souvenir badges will he sold at a small price. 

The first specific answer to "roll call" in March 
Veteran, was from Richmond, \*a., by B. W. Richard- 
son. It was " Here! " with one dollar pinned to the 
answer. Comrades, is it your time to answer? 




Sam. T. Leavy was bora near Lexington, Ky., in 
1842; was raised on a farm and received a common 
school education. He enlisted. July, 1862, in Com- 
pany I, of Gen. John H. Morgan's Kentucky regiment. 
In September of thai year he was appointed 2d Lieu- 
tenant in Company 6, 9th Kentucky Regiment, com- 

manded by Col. W. c. P. Breckenridge. In 1863 the 
9th Kentucky remained under orders with the Aim\ 
of Tennessee, while the reel of Morgan's cavalry were 
on the Ohio raid. During the fall of 1863 the 1-1. 2d 

and 9th Kentucky were formed into the 2d Kentucky 

Brigade, attached to Gen Wheeler's corps, and si 

to the close (it the war with the Army of Tenni 

On Sherman's march to the sea this brigade was 
active, and did much valiant service. 

December 1, 1864. ('apt. Leavy was danerously 
wounded while leading a charge in a cavalry 
near Bethel church, in Brock County, Ga. His was a 
remarkable recovery, as he was shol through the bow- 
els and hip. There is only one other case on n 
where a man received a similar wound and survived. 

After the war he studied law and was admitted to 
the bar, hut later followed his fancied occupation, 
stock raising and farming, In 1887 he was elected 
State Senator for the 22d Kentucky Senatorial District, 
composed of the counties of Woodford, Scott anil Jes- 
samine. He went to Oklahoma City and located in 

April, 1890, and in June, 1890, was appointed Demo- 
cratic member of Townsite Hoard. No. L He was 
chosen as tii'st delegate from Oklahoma Territory to 
the National Democratic Convention at Chicago in 
1892, and east his ballot for Cleveland and Stevenson. 
In October, 1874, he was married to Miss Lizzie, 

daughter of Col. Willis P. Jones, of Woodford County, 
Ky.. who was killed in 1864 near Richmond, Va,, 
while serving on the staff of Gen. Chae. W. Field. 
Cant, and .Mr-. Leavy have three children, two l>o V s 
and a little girl, and are now living in Norman. 0. T. 
Gen. heavy i- diligent for the wellbeing of conn 

R0L1 RT COBB, MA.I. 01 V. 

Robert 1 obb, Maj. Gen. U. C. Y. for Northwestern 

Division of Texas, is a native of Caldwell, now Lyons. 

County. Ky. At the age of twenty-three he joined 
1 Kentucky Infantry. He was booh elected First 
Lieutenant ami then Captain of In- company, which 
assigned temporarily to artillery duty. When 
retransferred the 3d Kentucky was continued in artil- 
lery Bervice. and he wa- promoted by Gen. J, E. 

From an "lil pb< 

Johnston to Major of artillery, an to the 

command of battalion with Breckinridge's dh 

Hi participated in the hatti - lloh, tin 

siege of Vicksburg in 1862, Baton Rouge, then Harts- 
ami Tenn.. and Jack-on. 
He was at Chickamauga, Mission Ridge, and that 
ipaign of fighting every day between D 

and Jonesl (iii, Winn the war was over he was 

married to Miss Virginia Walker, and after a few years 
of planting in Monroe County be removed to Ken- 
tucky, and thence to Wichita Palls, Texas, about eight 
years ago, where he is engaged in the practice of law. 

Ceii. Cobb is very popular with comrades, and is 
zealous for promoting the important interests of veter- 
ans. His daughter, Miss Virginia I. coma, was alter- 
nate with Miss Laura Gaston, of Dallas, in represent- 
ing the great State at the reunion in New Orleans. 




rin swine back to Dixie, do more toe gw Ine i" 

My heart's turned back to Dixie, I can't staj 
here n<> Longer. 

i mi>- de ole plantation, my borne and my rela- 

My heart's turned back t" Dixie, and I musl ■-•'■ 

CHORl 8. 

I'm gwlne back to Dixie, I'm gwine back to Dixie, 

['m gwine where di orange blossoms grow, 

i ,,i i beai de cbildreu callln',1 Bee Bad tears 8 


My heart's turned back t" Dixie, and I must go. 
I've hoed in fields of cotton, I've worked upon 

I used to think if [got off I'd go back dare no 
nebber: . , , 

Hut time inis changed de ole num. bis heaa is 
bending low, 

His heart's turned back toDlxie,and be must go. 

I'm travelin' back io Dixie, mj step Is slow and 

I pray de Lord to lielp me, and lead me from all 

And should m\ strength forsake me, den kind 

friends come and take me, 
My heart's turned back to Dixie, and l must go. 

Mia Kli/n 
to reprise 

Laurens Chls 
ni < lolumbla 

lin. Birmingham, 
i Hie Tableaux. 

Mrs. W. D. Gale, i»ei Miss Mela hit 
selected before her marriage t" repre 
nessee iii Birmingham Reunion. 


sent Ten- 


Mrs Albert Akers. 

The sweetest rendition of Dixie 
ever heard is that which begins, 

"I'm gwine back to Dixie.' - The 
following lines, sung in the Taber- 
nacle at Nashville in the presence 
of thousands of people recently, fur- 
nished a treat that would please a 
multitude of veterans. 

I am going buck to Jesus, 

l can no longer wander ; 
My heart's turned back to Jesus, 

i cannot grieve blm longer. 
r miss thesweel communion, 

The peace and heavenly anion; 
My heart's turned back to Jesus, 
And I must go. 


I'm going back to Jesus, 
I'm going back to Jesus, 
in. going where the living waters now ; 

Fori bear Ills sweet Voice Calling, 

Repentant tears are falling ; 

M.\ heart's turned back tO .lesiis. 
And I must i;a. 

i lived in sinful pleasure, 

1 n riot spent in v I reasiire ; 

I dreamed the world was joyful 

For me wltboul my savior. 
Hut c i when Satan found me, 
Willi bitter chains he bound me ; 

My bean's turned back to Jesus, 

And I must go, 

I'm trav'lln' back to JeSUB, 
My step is stow and feeble; 

I pray the Lord Io had me 

A lid keep me from all evil : 
And should my strength forsake me. 
Ileal- Jesus, c and take me ; 

My heart's till I back to Jesus, 

And 1 must no. 


.... ?i 



Mrs. Alice Pickett Akers, on greeting the founder of 
the Veteran in the dazzle of the National Capital, 
used the above language in a manner so natural and 

sweet that her picture is given. Her handsome, elo- 
quent, and courageous father gave his life to the Con- 
federacy, and her husband, Maj. Albert Akers, was 
shot many times, and twice entirely through the 
body. They now reside in Washington City. 




The venerable Mr.-. Sallie Chapman Gordon-Law, of 
Memphis, Tenn., dedicatee sonic " Reminiscences of the 
War of the sixties'' to her children, grand children 
and friends, in a neat pamphlet of sixteen pages. Al- 
though " Mother of the Confederacy," she still li' 

testify in behalf of a people who dared perform their 
duty as they saw it. regardless of cost, comfort or life. 

The story she tells concisely begins with woman's 
work for our armies in Memphis. Every day but 
Sunday the women met and sewed for the private BOl- 
diers. When her own son went home from school, 
threw down his hooks and said. " Mother, I have enlisted 
for the war." she replied, " You did right, my son. 

In the narrative she says: " My home has ever been 
in thi' Sunny South : my paternal ancestors, the Gor- 
dons of Virginia, my mother's, the Kings of South 
Carolina, were all rebels of the first revolution; my 
father. Chapman Cordon (in his teens 1, with two elder 
brothers, Nat and ('lories, fought in the battle at 
King's Mountain, and through the entire war. 

" My mother's father, too old lor the war. sent all his 
sons and sons-in-law. They fought in and belo 
to the command of Generals Marion and Sumpter. 
My second brother, Wyley -1. Gordon, was an officei 
in the U: 8. Army, in the War of 1812. My brother, 
Gen. G. W. Gordon, of Columbia, Tennessee, with three 
sons, fought in the Confederate Army of 1861. My 
nephew, Gen. John B. Cordon, whose record for valor 

and heroic deeds is too well known to call 1 for com- 
ment, with his three brothers, all fought in the Con- 
federate Army. My nephew, Maj. Augustus Gordon, 
was killed at the age of twenty-one. while leading a 
charge at Chancellors ville, Virginia. My brothers, 
Charles' grandsons and Harvey's sons, were in the Con- 
federate Army. My cousin. Gen. .lames B. Cordon, of 

North Carolina, was killed at Brandy Station, near 
Richmond, in Confederate service. And 1 know of 
over thirty brave, heroic privates of my kindred who 
belonged to the war of the 'Sixties.' 

•• Alter the battle of Shiloh, many of the wounded 
were brought to our hospital. 1 carried many articles 
of clothing, etc.. beyond the lines t" our soldiers. 

"In our hospital at Memphis, we had domestic 
wines, lemons, pickles, clothing, and I proposed taking 
them to cur sick soldiers at Columbus, Kentucky. 1 
had large boxes packed and carried them to the hos- 
pital there. I made the second trip a few weeks later 
with more supplies for the sick. The morning 
my arrival the battle of Belmont came oil'. We were 
on the steamer ' Prince,' at breakfast, when Capt. Butler 

'.• in, saving: ' Ladies, finish your breakfast, but 

the yankeee are landing their gunboats above.' We 
jumped up and ran out on the guards and saw the 
wildest confusion soldiers running to andftotoget 
ready for the battle ; then the cannonading commi 
from the federal gunboats, with Confederate artillery 
from the high hlutl's. The cannonading was sublimely 
grand. My own dear boy was there in Gen. Cheat- 
ham's command, marching out to battle. It was a 
grand, victorious halt' * * 

"'I'he steamer 'Prince,' on which we were staying, 
carried over many wounded Confederates, and among 
them the brave, heroic ion. William II. Jackson, 
whom it was our privilege to nurse and attend He 
wa- dreadfully wounded, ami that night many officers 






M is^ Idelle McMurray, Nashville, representative fori 
Reunion IJ.C. Birmingham.] 

came in to see him, Dr. Bell, Surgeon, from Memphis, 
among the number. Young Dr. Yandel came in, and 
Dr. Bell said to him, ' Yandel. I want you to go and 
detail so many men i I forgot tic m o ith huek- 

ets of water, and go to the battlefield and give those 



wounded and dying men water.' I went to Gen. Polk 
and got an order to have four yankee surgeons taken 
out of prison to go to the battlefield to attend their 
wounded, and every one of them refused to go, but ours 

*\\"(»1 1 1 *•* * "** 

"Standing in the pilot-house with us was a young 
girl who had gone up to see her brother. She had 
always lived in Cincinnati with an aunt, her mother 


|Mlss Mary Muse Hanks, Houston, representative for Texas in Kc" 
union r. <'. v. at Birmingham.] 

being dead and father and brother living in Memphis; 
when the war commenced her lather had gone and 
brought her home. Young Star had enlisted in the 
same company with my son. All the way going up 
on the boat she had been defending the I'nion; and 
while the battle was raging, ami the musketry mowing 
down thousands, with tears streaming down her face, 
>he said, 'Oh! I wish I had a gun. Oh! for a gun!' 
'What do you want with a gun. Alice?' 'To kill 
the yankees.' After the battle was over I went to the 
bdspital to see if 1 could do anything for the wounded. 
I was invited in to see the apparently mortallj 
wounded Federal officer, Col. Dorrity. At sight of the 
wounded man I lost sight of the enemy of my country. 
I made a glass of lemonade and fed him with a spoon, 
as one arm was cu1 off and the other paralyzed. 1 said 
to him, 'Col. Dorrity, have you a wife?" He replied. 

'Yes, :ii Cape Girardeau.' At that mi sn1 Col. 

Bethel, Gen, Polk s Adjutant, came in, and I said to 
him, 'Col. Bethel, will you please take my compli- 
- to Gen. Polk and ask him, as a special favor, to 
let Col. Dorrity's wife be scut for.' He Left immedi- 
ately, and a courier and a Hag of truce were sent for 
her, by order of the magnanimous, heroic (Jen. l'olk. 
At tWO o'clock P. M. the next day. the wife of the 

prostrate, paralyzed, wounded husband, was with him. 
"The morning after the battle of Belmont, 1 called 
at Gen. Pillow's office, on business, when a little boy 
came in with a message. He was dressed up in ('on- 
federate uniform, with a military cap. I asked. ' Why, 
my little boy, what are you doing hen'.'' lie said, 
very modestly, ' I belong to the army.' ' What can 
you do here?' ' Well, yesterday I was on the battle- 

field, and got down in a sink hole, when 1 saw a yan- 
kee with his gun pointed right at my Colonel, and I 
fired away and killed him — now, that is what I am 
doing hero-' 'How old are you ' 'Twelve years 
old.' ' Where were your father and mother to let you 
come here?' 'Oh! I ran away, and am staying at 
my uncle's tent, and if you don't believe I killed the 
yank, come with me and see his watch.' He said to 
Gen. Pillow. 'Now. I want a furlough to go home 
and see my father and mother.' * * He got it. 

"Alter the Federals occupied Memphis, I heard that 
my deal- brother, G. W. Gordon, a prisoner from John- 
son's Island, was on a boat anchored out in the Miss- 
issippi River, very ill. I walked up and down the river 
hank from nine till live, trying to get permission to go 
to see him. At last 1 met Col. Oaks, a Federal officer, 
who politely said he would send me in a skit}', and 1 
was taken by two Federal soldiers. On reaching the 
boat, it was filled by Confederate officers, prisoners 
from Johnson's Island, hound for Yicksburg to be 
exchanged. I found my hrother very ill, so ill I re- 
mained with him that night, and Col. Johnson, an 
elegant gentleman from Kentucky, proffered his berth 
to me, he sleeping on a blanket in the cabin. * * 
I left for Yicksburg next day to nurse and attend to 
him, driven by a ten year old grandson; but when 1 
arrived at Mrs. Vernon's, sixty miles from Memphis, 
I heard the sad news that he had died in ten minutes 
after landing at Yicksburg. 

"My noble, patriotic hrother, the Christian soldier, 
tried to lead souls to Christ. Regularly, night and 
morning, he had prayers, and invited all who were 
disposed to attend. 

" Our hospitals all broken up, I felt I must seek a 
new field in which to work. In our Southern Moth- 
ers' treasury was $2,500 in Confederate money, and, 
with the aid of Mrs. W. S. Pickett, we laid it all out 
for quinine, morphine and opium, and I carried it into 
the Confederacy, on my person, distributing it in the 

• . ■ !> 



[Miss Kate Cantwell, Wilmington, representative for North CaroUna 
in Reunion i.e. v. at Birmingham.] 

hospitals at LaGrange, Ga., and there I had the com- 
pliment of having a hospital called for me (The Law 
Hospital), which many Surgeons and old soldiers still 
recollect. :;: * * * * :: ' 



"Miss Anna Hardee, General Hardee's daughter. 
went the rounds daily with me. We made egg-nogg 
every day for the pneumonia and typhoid pati 
and carried coffee to sick patientB. 

"While at Columbus, Ga., I heard of the terrible 
destitution 1 if t lie soldiers at Dalton, Ga., in Gen. J. E. 
Johnston's division. Thousands of soldiers were hav- 
ing to sit up all night round a log fire, for want of 

Mi" [da H. Vinson, Shreveport, n Louisiana In Re- 

union r. c. V. :ii Birmingham 

blankets. 1 wae 90 greatly troubled to hear of the 
gnat Buffering of the brave heroes who wen • 
tng like a "stone wall " between the women and chil- 
dren of the South and the enemy, thai afti 
Less night, 1 went directly to a Ladies' Aid Society, 
where a nuniher of patriotic women of Columbus, 
Ga., were at work for the soldiers. 1 told what 1 
had heard of the suffering, for want of blankets, by 
the soldiers, and made an appeal to them for aid, 
telling them if they would furnish the blankets, 1 
would go in person to Dalton and distribute them to 
the soldiers. With generous liberality, boxes ol 
thing — chicken, ham, sausage, butter, pickles, bread 
and cake were packed, and 1 carried them to our Mem- 
phis soldier boys at the time 1 did the blankets. 

"On Christmas night 1 left for Dalton, accompanied 
by the noble, patriotic President of that Aid Society, 

Mrs. Robt. Carter. At Atlanta my boxes had to he 

ked to Dalton. 1 met Dr. LaGree, of New Or- 
leans, who proposed to telegraph Dr. John Erskine to 
meet us on our arrival at Dalton, at three o'clock 
in the morning, and he did SO 

"At Dalton 1 sent a note to Gen Hardee, Gen. John- 
ston being absent, telling him my mission. He came 
immediately. A courier and carriage were sent to us. 
and our first visit was to the old 1") 1th Regiment 
Preston Smith'B. That night we had quite a levi 
officers. ( .en. Hardee said that he had in his division 
fifteen hundred men without a blanket; Gen. Hind- 
man, one thousand; Gen. Cheatham, hundreds; and 
many other divisions in a similar condition. 
Pat Cleburne said socio were a luxury his men did 
not know: he had not had a pair on for five months. 

"That evening a wagon was sent, with twenty sol- 

ive the blankets I had brought. The 

1 by order of l>r. Erskine: and 

1 distributed the blankets and clothing to those who 

needed them. * * * 

" I then returned to < lolumbus, wrote and published 
in the papers what 1 had Been and heard at Dalton, of 
real need of blankets for the Confederate soldiers, 
and made another appeal to that Ladies' Aid Society 
for more blanket-. And they again nobly responded 
to my request, and went to work with zeal mil 
dented, working night and day. taking the last blanket 
from their beds, cutting Up carpets and lining them. 
1 went out and in one hour 1 collected twenty-five 
hundred dollars from the business houses, and laid it 
out in the Columbus me and coarse 

cloth. 'I'Ih women and children worked night and 
day, and in ten day- I returned to the army in Dalton 
with seven la' roods boj each for Ten- 

■ . Kentucky, Mississppi, Louisiana, Arkane ic Mi 
souri. and Texas, all packed with five hundred ay 
thirty blankets an and sixteen liundr 

pairs of socks, tor the soldiers. 1 then went up to 
Tunnel Hill where Gen. Cleburne had his divi 

k- of corn, for a freight train carried the 
Arkan-a- box to h Had the boxes opened 

at the General's quarters, ami a- he was verj 
to mak< 1 speech to his men on re-enlisting, said the 
boa of blankets would do more than any tiling he could 
Bay, showing them the interest the women at home 
felt in them. But for the generous aid of the noble. 
patriotic women of Columbi I would hav< 

pOW( lie-- to take t I blankets and 

Bocks to our suffering sold 
" After the second effort by the ladies of Columbus, 

and expecting to 1, nd trip with blankets, 

M Ise LIzkIi 1 i.i rke, Wi 1 in Re- 

in U. C. V. a 

I wrol n Johnston of my intention, and asked 

him to s The difficulty in 

having to travel with so many boxes, and they to be 
transferred at Atlanta. anions and annoying. 

Gen. Johnston sent tie escort immediately and we 



left again for the seat of \v;ir, this time accompanied 
by three ladies, Mrs. Sallie Wilkins, my niece, and a 
daughter and grandaughter of Gov. Forsytbe. We 
wen- invited to dine with Generals Johnston, Hind- 
man, Cumming and others, and my escort to dinner 


ilia Montague. Baltimore, representative for Maryland in Ke- 
union i.e. V*. at i;i) hi Ingham. 1 

at Gen. Cumming's was the Rev. Dr. Stilt-. We had 
four o'clock ( lonfederate dinners, and were always sent 
for by tin' Adjutant of the General with whom we 
were to dine, with a carriage, and always escorted by 
Dr. John. Gen. •). C. Brown gave a party in honor of 
my lady friends. His headquarters were out about 
two miles in a large eight room brick house. The 
rooms were handsomely draped with Confederate Hags, 
with a splendid band 'if music in the wide hall. There 
the Episcopal Bishop ami the Presbyterian Rebel 
woman stood on the same platform under the Confed- 
erate flag. Gen. Johnston ordered a grand parade- 
thirty thousand brave, tattered troops — in honor of 
my mission to his soldiers. .Mrs. Johnston invited 
me to take a seat in her carriage. :;; * * 

" My poor services to my struggling, bleeding coun- 
try I know was only a drop in the ocean of that gigan- 
tic, cruel civil war. Still, for all those year- of the 
'Sixties,' they were most cheerfully, lovingly, and 
gratuitously given. In all my trips with supplies for 
the soldiers, 1 paid all my own expenses, never asking 
or receiving so much as a railroad pass or ticket. No, 
no; my whole heart and thoughts and deepest sym- 
pathies were all ahsorbed in the destiny of my people. 
For that just cause I would have died, could that sac- 
rifice have brought peace, instead of a surrender, in 
which all was lost, save honor. 

"Could I write all the incidents of my war record 
of the 'Sixties' a book could not contain them — the 

many reminiscences of those sad, gloomy, sorrowful 
years of terror and gloom. Perhaps at fifty years 1 
might have accomplished it. hut now. at eighty-seven 
years. 1 feel inadequate to the task ; still, memories of 
suffering, blood, and tears at the bedside of the 
wounded, dying soldier, is indelibly stamped on my 
memory, and will probably last until the dream- w 
this fitful, checkered life are over, and I am transported 
to that 'House of many mansions.' prepared for all 
who love and serve God. I have had the honor of 
being called the 'Mother of the Confederacy.' a com- 
pliment I esteem higher than any that Could he con- 
ferred upon me." 


if pe 
Confederate Monument.* 1 ] 

When falls the soldier brave, 

Dead at the feet of wrong, 
The poet sings and guards his grave 

With sentinels of song. 

Songs, march! he gives commaed, 
Keep faithful watch anil true; 

The living and dead of the conquered land 
Have now no guards save you. 

Gray ballads, mark ye well! 

Thrice holy is your trust! 
Go! halt by the fields where warriors fell ; 

Rest arms! and guard their dust. 

List, songs! your watch is long, 

The soldiers' guard was brief ; 
Whilst right is right, and wrong is wrong, 

Ye mav not seek relief. 


rray ! 

ird the chief. 

ro! wearing the gray of grief! 

I rOl watch o'er the dead in g 
jo! guard the private and guar 
And sentinel their clay ! 

And the solids, in stately rhyme, 
And with softly-sounding tread, 

( rO forth to watch for a time, a time, 
Where sleep the deathless dead. 

And the songs, like funeral dirge, 

In music soft Rnd low, 
Sing round the graves whilst hot tears singe 

From hearts that are bomes of woe. 

What though no sculptured shaft 

Immortalize each brave! 
What though no monument, epitaphed, 

Be built above each grave! 

When marble wears away 

And monuments are dust, 
The songs that guard our soldiers' clav 

Will still fulfill their trust. 

With lifted bead and steady tread, 

I, ike stars that guard the skies. 
( io watch each bed. where rest the dead, 

Brave songs, with sleepless eyes. 

M LBS Minnie Harris, of Westmoreland, Tenn.. writes 
of the successful extraction of a ball from the arm of 
her father, W. T. Harris, that he carried from Shiloh, 
April <i, 1862, His brother, T. G. Harris, was wounded 
at ( 'hickatnauga in September, 1K(>:>. They both be- 
longed to Battle's JOth Tennessee. 

Mr. Wm. Longworth. of Nashvsllc, who came from 
England, in ordering copies of the Veteran sent to 
his native England, explains that "I want my friends 
over there to know the truth." 





Montgomery will always enjoy the distinction of 
having been the first < 'apital of thi < onfederate States, 
for there, February I. 1 561 . delegates from sis Bei eding 
States assembled to organ i fovernmenl of that 

Republic; there-its Constitution was adopted in the 
same year, and there, February 18, 1861, on tin Bteps 
of the Capitol, Jefferson Davis was inaugurated I'" si- 
dent and Alex. Stephi ns Vice President of a power 
which has passed from among tin- nations of the earth 
forever; but whose brief existence was like some bril- 
liant meteor, and the record of whose armies is marked 
with ;i fortitude and daring unsurpassed by the trained 
Napoleon, or the serried columns of the Iron I hike. — 
/.' u's Hand-book of Alabama. 


[Affectionately dedicated. April 9th, to tbe Confederal V'etei 

.Mrs. F. <;. De Fontaine, Read on Memorial l>»> al Charlea- 

tOD, 8. I 

All, yes! this is the saddest >!:»>■ of all the bli ssed j ear, 
For still the echo of ihose mournful words 1 Bei m to h< 

"Stack arms. !>o\ s. all IS 

Though three decades have passed since then, 1 hear them still. 
As through the portals of the past they come my,eoul to thrill, 
'Stack arms, boys, all is o'er." 

They gave the death blow to our hopes, and left naught in 

their stead 
Save love for those who guided us. and reverence for our dead. 
"Stack arms, boys, all is o'er." 

As thus with heads low l«>«ed we stood, a mist came o'er our 


And something on our gray coats fell, that falls when loved 
one dies. 

"Stuck arms. bOJ S, all is 

For through the vista of the future years looked grim despair. 

And desolated homes, in which were vacant chairs Bt 1 there; 

" Stack ai ma, I" >ys, all is o'i r." 

And now the old gray coat and hat must hang upon the wall, 
For ne'er again shall wearer answer to the bugle call. 

"Stack arms, DOJ s, all is o'er," 

Aye, yes! this is the saddest day of all the blessed year, 

I il -till the echo of those fatal words I seem to hear, 
"Stack arms, hoys, all is o'er.'' 

Griffin. Ga., February 3, 1894— His Excellency, 
Turney. Nashville, Tenn. — My Dear Sir: 1 write 
to ask if you are the Col. Turney who commanded a 
regiment in James Archer's Brigade, and lit, bled and 
died in the same. If you ate not. excuse me foi 
passing upon your time, hut permit me to say that 
you need oot get a hump on your hack for being taken 
for that Col. Turney, whether he i- dead or alive, for 
no Turney was mot-.' gallant and honorable than whom 
when I knew him. If you are. by any possibility, or 
freak of fortune, the same Col. Turney that I la- 
in the charge upon Burnside's Corps 
at Sbarpsb ow Capt. Flynt, of the L9th G< 

nent, to shake your hai i ly. and then 

ike and shake again, and congratulate you upon 

the honors which you have achieved, or had thrust 

upon you, [f you are my old comrade of the war. 

and would like to hear any thing about one so huni- 

ble and obscure in the war and since, drop a ! 

T. W. Flynt. Griffin, <ia.. and he will endeavor to p. -.» 

voke yon into bim an account of youi 

those days, so that he shall ha for boring 

you with a short history of himself. Bui suffice it for 

the present to say that he had a romantic adventure, 

and pa-sed through terrible ordeals after you all left 

him at Sharpsburg to 

Richmond, looking toward Pet< I ones 

■•So n Things Were."— The widow of Col. John C. 
Thompson, who gave his life at Shiloh, wrote of how 
" such things were." from which the followingisa ' 

' T was here a tender husband strove 

To keep my happiness in view ; 
I Broiled beneath a mother's love. 

Whose fond compassion evi r knew 
In them all the virtues comb i 

( *n them with faith I could rely. 
To them my heart and soul were joined 

By Btrong affection's primal tie. 
He smiles in heaven exempt from care, 
While memory tells me such things were. 

Mrs. Thompson died at Bowling Green, Ky., in 1885. 




Mr. Geo. \V. Trabue, who was telegraph operator at 
headquarter- i>( tin- Western Army, and was general 
manager for the Western Union in the South when he 
died ten years ago, bad among his papers quite a large 
batch of original telegrams from prominent Confeder- 
ates. 'I'll' Veteran is gratified with the opportunity 
of copying and making extracts from them. First 
are telegrams from Gen. Johnston, at Shelbyville, 
dated February 6th, 7th and 8th, 1863. They show 
something of the details in the Army Commander's 
service and responsibilities : 

Dispatches of February 6, 1863: 
< ren. Bragg, Tullahoma: I am required to furnish ;i list of nil 
ental, brigade and division ( inlanders, with the regi- 
ments, brigades and divisions commanded by them ; also a list 
of quart* rraasti re, commissaries and assistants, with the brig- 
ades, divisions, regiments, posts and depots where assigned. 
i send such a statement as soon as possible to Col. B. S. 
.well, Chattanoi 

Gen. S Coop r, Richmond, Va.: The reports you require are 
due in lepartmenl commanders. I have ordered them to 

he made forthw ilh. 

i mii. S.Cooper, Richmond: Brig. Gen. Donelson was ordered 
io ECnoxville on the 4th, and is on his way. The order was 
given on information from Brig. Gen. Heth. 

Col. Lee, C. S. A., commanding Atlanta: Ascertain if hand 
mills for coin ran be made at Atlanta, and at what rale, and 
report to Col. B. 6. Ewell, at Chattanooga. 

Col. U.S. Kwell, Chattanooga: Send the letters to Gen. Bragg. 

Let Brogden report at Richmond and Maj. A. 1>. Banks at Chat- 
tanooga, Transfer the Burgeon who accompanies Brig. Gen. 

hoiielson to Department of Kast Tennessee. 

Dispatches of February 7th. 

Gen. Bragg. Tullahoma : Has not Brig. Cen. Donelson gone 
to Knoxvilh'.' If not, let him go at once and get his orders at 

i 'hattanooga. 

Maj. Gen. 6. B. Buckner, Mohile: Is distress or inconven- 
ience ill Mobile produced by any order of Gen. Pemberton as 
to transportation of corn by railroad'.' Cannot tin- rivers sup- 
ply the city \\ ith corn .' 

Dispatches of February 8th. 

Gen. W. w. Mackall, Mobile: Gpv. Shorter told me that the 
corn crop is very large in Southern Alabama. 1 desired Gen. 
Buckner to procure his supplies there. The city can do so too 

sooner than hv waiting the result of inspection. Tell the 
Mayor so. 

Col. B. s. Ewell, Chattanooga: Telegraph to the Chief En- 
gineer the size of pontoons our wagons can carry. It Brown 

knows any thing of the supplies of corn and meat when- he 
has been let him write it immediately to me at Tullahoma. 

Cen. Bragg, Tullahoma : If the 2d Kentucky Regiuienl is in 
your con iniand order private John A . Lee, Company C. 2d Ken- 
tucky Regiment, to report to the Secretary of the Navy, he 
having been appointed Midshipman. 

Lieut. Gen. Pemberton, Jackson, Miss. : Your dispatch of the 

6th February cannot be deciphered. Repeat. 

R. 11. slough, Esq., Mayor of Mobile: I cannot, at this dis- 
tance, interfere with Cell, l'enihei ton's mode of supplying his 
troops. The State of Alabama, especially southeast of the Ala- 
bama River, can certainly furnish Mobile with corn. 

'U? CA^A^' 




jL&&^U~~. fZ ^^y. /ffS- 

&O r 'L-€^*< , 




Hon. J. Gill Shorter, Montgomery, Ala.: The Mayoi of Mo- 
bile complains that Gen. Pemberton'a order iu regard to corn 

in Mississippi produced distress in Mobile. I cannot meddle 
with Gen. Pemberton'a mode oi supplying bis troops at tins 
distance. Have suggested to the Mayor that Southeast Ala- 
bama can Eurnisb abundance of corn. Will you suggest to him 
how Mobile may be supplied? 

Dispatch of February 17th. 

Tullahoma, Tenn., March 2, 1863.- To Geo. 8. Blackie, Med- 
ical Purveyor, Atlanta, Ga.: Forty barrels of good old apple 
brandy can be bought at ten dollars per gallon, shall it be 

sent to you.' E. A., Medical Director. 

Tullahoma, March 15, 1863, Capt, I. 8. Morphia, Okolona, 

Miss. : Veil arc authorize. 1 to enlist, men in Confederate service 

in all counties of West Tennessee [bh im i i. Harms, 

Gov'r of Te. 

Tullahoma. March. 23, '63.- To Burgeon I". M. McMillan, 
Pulaski, Tenn. : Send requisitions for medicine to Chattanooga, 

accompanied by this telegram. Send sick and wounded to 

lluntsville as fast as possible. F. A. Flbwbllen, 

Medical Director. 

Headquarters Department of the West, Tullahoma, Tenn., 

April 14, 1863.— The telegraph operator must send all official 

telegrams for Gen. Johnston or the Adjutant General's office 
inclosed in sealed envelopes. By command of Gen. Johnston. 

I'.i \.i. S. Fw kix, A. A. (.en. 

Tullahoma, April is, 1863.— Telegraph < Iperator, Tullahoma: 
Please have the dispatch to Gen. Jackson, which was sent by 

me to-night, repeated to Chattanooga. His headquarters are 
(here. Kespect fully, J, F. Johnston. 

Raleigh, N. C, April 29th. — Gen. Bragg: I unite with Mrs. 
Anderson, Tate, Miss Cameron, and many friends here in ask- 
ing an extension of Capt. Wilkes Anderson's leave. They 

have been married one week. Answer. Tnos. Brago. 

Tullahoma, May 1, 1863. Honorable Thomas Bragg, Raleigh, 

X. C. : Granted for one month. See seventh verse, twentieth 
chapter, and tifth verse, twenty-fourth chapter, hook ol 

teronomy. Bba \ ro» Ba u i 

Tullahoma, May 5, 1868.- < lovernor .Ino. nil I Shorter, Mont- 
gomery, Ala.: By a rapid concentration of forces in North 

Alabama 1 have driven out the heavy oi.lunin of the enemy 
recently maraud ingt here. Some I , soil cavalry, however, ; 
our left and made a desperate dash to destroy our communica- 
tions and depots in Georgia. By a hold and brilliant move- 
ment not surpassed in the war Forrest, with half their num- 

1m r. pursued rapidly and fought them running For live days, 
without f"i id, except what he could hastily gather in 

that wild mountain region. He has finally killed 

the whole part v. Will yon receive as civil pris re, under the 

President's order, such officers as were taken in your State 
serving with armed slues inciting insurrection? 

Braxton Bra 

Jnne 17, 1864.— Telegraph operator, Columbus, Mist 
If any telegraph dispatches come for me you will [lipase send 
them to Mr. Richard Sikes and obi Yours, 

N B I 0RRE81 . Maj i ten. 

Press of Georgia, Proclamation : 

Corinth, Miss . No vem her 18, 1864. -People of Georgia: Arise 
for the defense of your native soil! Rally around your patri- 
otic Governor and our gallant soldiers' Obstruct and d 

all roads in Sherman's front, thinks and rear, and his army will 
soon starve in your midst. Be confident, be resolute, tn 
an overruling Providence, and success will crown youi efforts. 
I hasten to join yon in the defense of your homes and fin 

I .. T. BBAUBBOABD, ' iell. 

Chickamauga, October 9, 1863.— To Mrs. Jefferson Davis, 
Richmond, Va. : Arrived here comfortably and well. 

(Sign Jkkf'n Da\ is. 



JThe (Confederate Uctcvun. 

One Dollar a Year. S. A. CUNNINGHAM, Editor. 

Office at Tbe American, Corner Church and Cherry St8. 

This publication is the personal property of s. A. Cunningham. 
All persons who approve such publication, and realize its benellts 
as an omau far aasoclatlone throughout tbe South, are requested to 
commend lis patronage and toco-operate in extending It. 


At one of the first of < Ion federate reunions there was 
»e gathering ;it Pulaski, Tenn., and tlie eminent 
General John • '. Brown, whose name is over to be 
honored in Tennessee and at tin- South, was very 
active for tin- success of the entertainment. It was 
after his service as Governor. I wrote him a note 
suggesting that steps be taken there that day to desig- 
nate our great war. whereby the Southern people at 
[feast would have the same expressive term. He did 
not get the note in time i" submit it, but expressed 
sincere regret at failure. One of his most gallant regi- 
mental commanders, Col. J. I'. McGuire, who has since 
died also, concurred heartily in the suggestion. 

Let steps he taken without longer delay to abandon 
such terms as ''the late unpleasantness,'' "the late 
war." Even "the civil war," and "the warhetween the 
States." are terms hardly fitting in dignity. "The 
Revolution" characterizes, with proper effect, the 
struggle of our ancestors, "The Mexican War," recalls 
history of which the soldiers who participated are 
proud. Think of "the late unpleasantness," or " the 
late war" as the terms sound to mature men and 
women who were born after that great struggle ended. 

The VETERAN proposes that we adopt "The Confed- 
erate War" as our term, and exercise diligence for it. 
All the world would accept it, and the "rebellion" 
would not he remembered as a disloyal epoch when 
the pride of the term • ■ > 1 » ( - understood by new 


Then we Confederates talk and write about "the 
lost cause." Are we not wrong in this'.' Rev. .Mr. 
Degen, who came South from Boston, and now has 
charge of the Advent Episcopal Church in Nashville, 
used an illustration in a sermon in which he demurred 
to the expression and said, "What the people of the 
South fought for they gained." The same constitu- 
tional principles of the fathers are maintained, slavery 
ibolished, but the Southern people did not make 
all their sacrifice for the value of slaves. True, the 
issue of "State rights" may he regarded as "lost," 
but we are too apt to refer to these things as if we had 
been vanquished. Dr. Degen meant that the changes 
brought about by the war were of greater value to the 
South than to have continued the former regime. 
Let us continue up and doing, fellow-citizens, with 
other tax payers and voters in the Union. Even if 
"all was lost save honor," that was not tarnished. 

Faithful and true Maryland! In the appropria- 
tions for the next two years, for this year and next, 
which aggregate $125,000 annually, the -. oond largest 
sum is to the Maryland Line Confederate Soldier- 
Ho $7,500 each year. 

M wi I 'on federate Vetera in-an becoming thoroughly 
aroused to the benefits of organization. Every man 
who served in the war can be helpful to his unfortu- 
nate comrades better through organization than other- 
wise, and no appeal, whether made in word or through 
hi- own eye-, should bestir a fortunate veteran as 
those of his comrades who have tried without being 
successful. If they have the fault of dissipation even, 
they have suffered long enough to bestir his helpful 

Dr. .1. ('. Stegee, of Lover, Tenn.. spoils -a good 
story" which relates to the appearance of a woman 
among the Federals in the battle of Fort Donelson, 
with a sword in one hand and the stars and stripes in 
the other, by relating how inconsistent it is through- 
out. There are thrilling incidents related by both 
sides that will not be beneficial to the historians of the 
future. The Veteran seeks the truth and nothing 
else for its columns. If there be exaggerations, let them 
be unimportant as history antl only for fun. 

In a recent personal letter Mrs. Maggie Davis Hayes 
states: I have just opened the March number of your 
to me deeply interesting magazine, with its pathetic 
title page. I, too, have reverently laid aside a suit of 
Confederate gray, priceless to me in that my father 
wore it when he was captured. I shall keep it for my 
children as more precious than jewels, and onlj wish 
they could share with me the memory of how he 
looked in it as he stood a defiant, gallant Southern 
gentleman, proud of the cause he had striven for, and 
willing to be a martyr since he could not lie a saviour. 
* * * I am still weak from a prolonged illness — 
this fearful ami mysterious la grippe — and a slight 
heart trouble, which change it is hoped will relieve'. 
I deeply regret being unable to go to Birmingham on 
this account, as the doctor has ordered me to go to 
Southern California as soon as I am able to travel, 
which I hope will lie very soon. 

Mr Louis F. Bossieux, of Richmond, Va., has kindly 
sent the VETERAN a register of the dead in Hollywood 
Cemetery. It is a volume of 117 pages, and the names 
are alphabetical, with company, regiment, State and 
date of death. 1 will cheerfully reply to any inquiry 
on receipt of stamp. The book was published in 1869, 
hence copies are hardly procurable. There are about 
ii/)(>ll interments, about -VI') of whom are unknown. 

The Souvenir, to appear this month, is expected to 
be the most popular publication ever issued for 25 cts 




The fall down some steps by the Lynchburg, Va., 
postoffice, February 16th, was the cause of Gen. Jubal 
A. Early's death. It was pitiable t<> see that tlie gal- 
lant old hero was bo dazed by the fall as to object to 
leaving tin' carriage on arriving home, saying it was 
not his home. II'' was taken out in awheel chair 
several days in succession, but he died in two week-. 

Cen. Early was horn in Franklin County, Virginia, 
November I. 1816. His father, Jacob Early, was a 
farmer, his mothers Mi-- Hair-ton. who inherited a 
large number of slaves. 

While Early trass student at West Point he and 
Joe Hooker, who made high reputation in the bat- 
tles for the the Union, had a difficulty that grew out 
of s debate in which Early excepted to Hooker's speech 
upon "the atrocities of slavery." Earl} was a Whig 

of the old BChOOl, and defeated a candidate "who ad- 
vocated disruption of the Union" in the memorable 
convention of 1861. He was the extreme member of 
the convention in favor of the Union, and the last to 

sign the secession ordinance, and then entered upon 
the journal his special reasons for concurring. 

Gen. Early's career after the war was so identified 
with the Louisiana State Lottery Company that its 
enemies made much war upon him ami <ien. Beaure- 
gard. There is a singular feature in connection with 
this powerful corporation which might he mentioned 
to their credit, now that both of them are dead and as 
both were such prominent < lenerals in the war. Much 

a- they were abused, and anxious a- were good people 
to defeat the legalized gambling, there was no taint of 
dishonesty from first to last. The Veteran will not 
he misconstrued. Its edit >r has always been opposed 
to every species of gambling, hut this i- a creditable 
characteristic in the career of these two veteran officers 

that should not lie forgotten by honest men. however 
much opposed to the occupation by which they made 
much money. 

Dr. -1. W'm. Jones, Chaplain of the University of Vir- 
ginia, writes : But now that he has "passed over to the 
great majority." let us forget his faults ami remember 
hi- great ability, his stern patriotism, his unpurchasa- 
ble integrity, his love for truth, his hatred of skulking 
"during OT since the war." his unwavering devotion 
to the land and cause he loved BO well, and his aide 
defensi of the truth of Confederate history, and manly 
vindication of the name ami fame of our Confederate 
leaders and people. 

A- a soldier, lie was unquestionably one of the 
men we had. His Bervice in command of Swell's old 
division at First Fredericksburg, Second Fredericks- 
burg, Gettysburg, ami the campaign of 1864, from the 
Rapidan to Cold Harbor, and the ability with which 
he handled A. 1'. 11 ill's corps when in temporary com- 
mand of it at Spottsylvania Court House, during the 
sickness of Gen. Hill, gave the army and the people 
the highest opinion of hi- ability as a soldier, ami 
there was no surprise when it was announced that 

Gen. had put him in command of E well's corps 
i the old " Stonewall " corps), and bad sent him to meet 
Hunter at Lynchburg. 

[f Gen. Early had fallen at Cold Harbor in June, '64, 
or in front of Washington. .Inly 8th, he would un- 
questionably have gone down to history as one of the 
ablest federacy. The subsequent 

disasters in the Valley did dim his fame, for the time 
at least, hut when the futUl ■ - to -can 

all of tin' facts, he will do justice to this able ami 
sturdy soldier. 

• ■en. always spoke in high ten irly's 

"ability, zeal, and devotion to the cause," and of "the 

fidelity and energy with which he always supported 

his (Lee's) efforts, and the courage and >n he 

i manifested in the service of tin- country." 

I p. .ii several occasions I heard President Davis 
speak of i ,en. Early as among the ablest soldiers whom 
the war produced, and there can he hut little doubt 
that this will he the calm verdict of history. 

The Pat Cleburne Camp. No 88, U. C. V., Cli burne, 
|. sas, concerning the character of Lieut. Gen. Jubal 
A. Early, resolved that "it i- with deep sorrow we 
have learned of the death of Lieut. Cell. Jubal A. 
Early; that we will cherish hi- memory as one of the 
gnat soldiers of the late war who -,> nobly fought to 
|m rpetuate the rights ami liberties of the Southern 
people; and that we commend hi- example as a pa- 
triot to our >ons as worthy of their emulation, and 
that we shall commit his fame as an able, pure and 
fearless chieftain to the keeping of the chivalrous 
young manhood of the South, who will he just to his 
memory. Al-o that it he published in the CONFEDER- 
ATE Veteran. M s. k un i . Adjt 


Capt. Charles W. Frazer, a brave soldier of the Fifth 
derate, wasa prisoner on Johnson's Island, and 
his wile, through an influential triend, procured a pass 
t" see her husband, which was written by President 
Lincoln's own hand on a visiting card. After an at- 
tempted escape by the prisoners this privilege was cur- 
tailed, ami she was only permitted to see him at rare 
intervals, at a distance, which she endea\ ored to par- 
tially Overcome by using an opera glass. It was on 
one ot these occasions that the Captain's baby took 
her first step and uttered her first expression, " I'se a 
l'ehel," having before made her lirst journey in an 
army wagen. Capt. Frazer wa- one ot' a detail to cut 
the grass off the graves of the prisoners who had died. 
and his wife, who remained in Sandusky to he as near 
to him as possible, having heard in some mysterious 
manner when he would serve, crossed to the Island 
and was watching him from a point a- close a- she 
was permitted to go, when the bal nizing her 

father from the picture her i showed to her 

daily, clapped her hands and crawled toward him: a 
guard planted his bayonet between them, and as the 
baby pulled up by it to better reach her father, ordered 
peremptorily, "Take that child away!" "I do not 
understand the order," said Mrs. Frazer; "I thought 



thai this was a war of men, not one against women 
and babies." "Slit- may have papers," suggested a 
Federal. "Well," said Mrs. Frazer. "if you think 
that, take her and search her." The sarcasm had its 
effect, and the baby was not removed, though the bar- 
rier was still held between father and child. 

The poem. "MySouth! My South!" printed here 
first, and which ha- been justly styled her autobiog- 
raphy, was written by this "Captain's baby, and is 
one of the many tributes from her, whose love for her 
country has been to her a precious heritage. 

my sot in ! in south ! 

Bend low, thou loved one, I y song of love, 

Thy child of battle, daughter of the storm, 

Whose infant years were cradled "ii thy shield, 

Wll08e wondering eyes saw lirst thine armored form. 

For I must sim; thee, though thy fallen state 
l.oii but a Bword gleam for a trusting smile, 
And gave the Brat print of my baby feel 

Into the prison earth of Johnson's Isle. 

Yea, I will Bing thee, though my pipes forget 

An. I voice s time the strain thou knOWCSt well; 

Remember love, thou couldst not close my ears 
Against the music of the « hizzing shell. 

But if I pain thee witli a martial prayer, 

Mim- lirst in war, mine last, in mantling peace, 

Lay thou thy soft hand on my throbbing heart, 
And hid the plaining of thy minstrel cease. 

Thou art mine own, my beautiful, my love! 

I blame thee not, what cloud may come to me; 
1 give my faith into thy trustful arms; 

All that 1 am, or hope, I yield to thee! 

Thy foot rests on the fairest spot of earth, 
Thine eyes are full of heaven's holy hlue, 

The sunlit kiss of peace is on thy blt>W, 
() thou, mine own, the beautiful, the true! 

lad my right hand forget her tricks of art 

Ere I conceal the faith that lies in me, 
And let my tongue forget to utter love 

If I pay homage unto aught but thee! 

I trim my taper, hut to seek the shrine — 

With thee 1 smile, with thee I breathe my sigh ; 
Yea. as thou goest, loved one, I will go, 

And when thou diest, Beautiful, 1 die! 

Virginia Fka/.kk Boyle. 

1>k. M< Murray Sang Undeb Fibs. — Henry K. Moss, 
Company 11. "J<ith Tennessee Infantry: The heroism 
and bravery shown in our war time by Lieut. W. -I. 
McMurray, of Company R, '20th Tennessee Infantry, 
at the battle of Resaca, Ga., in the summer of 1864, 
should be recorded in the VETERAN. The 20th Ten- 
nessee and ">7th Ceorgia regiments were in reserve in 
a ravine in the rear of Lewis' celebrated Kentucky 
"Orphan " brigade until about the middle of the after- 
noon, when the enemy advanced in our front for the 
purpose of making a charge, when this reserve force 
was ordered forward. The federal artillery com- 
menced a fierce cannonade upon our works, and just 
as the 20th Tennessee came within range of the shot 
and shell of the enemy, Lieut. McMurray. then a beard- 
less youth, sang the following portion of "The Ronnie 
Blue Flag," which was very popular in our army: 

And now, young men, a word to you, 

If you would win the fair 
i io to the field where honor calls 

And win your lady there. 

This gallant young officer, who had shed his blood 
on other fields, passed unscathed through that day, 
but was wounded the next day. and lost an arm at At- 
lanta afterward. At the close of the war he returned 
to Tennessee, where he won for a bride one of "the 
fairest of the fair." lie is now one of the most prom- 
inent and prosperous physicians of Nashville. Dr. 
McMurray has been a leader in Confederate matters 
in Tennessee. He is an ex-1'resident of the State As- 
sociation, First Vice-President of the Tennessee Con- 
federate Soldiers' Home, for which he has done much 
valuable service, and is the father of the young lady 
who is to represent Tennessee at Rirmingham Reunion. 

Tullahoma, Tenn., Guardian, after mention of Feb- 
ruary VETERAN in its leading editorial, says: "It is 
working its way to a substantial patronage that is well 
deserved. It has continually grown in interest and 
popularity until it has come to be a welcome guest in 
thousands of Southern homes, and is watched lor with 
i leeling akin to that which thrilled the hearts of the 
'folks at home' thirty years ago, when a letter was ex- 
pected from the loved ones in the tented field. Brother 
Cunningham is doing service in recalling from his 
own experience and that of his correspondents many 
incidents of the war for the benefit of the veterans 
and their descendants that would otherwise soon have 
passed into oblivion, and also in correcting many 
wrong impressions likely to go into history as facts if 
not now placed in proper light before those who were 
participants shall have gone from earth. Its pages 
teem with reminiscences of that stirring time, ' dur- 
ing the war.'" 

I.. I'. Hailing, 19th South Carolina Infantry: 1 send 
you a short account of a little scrape that I was in at 
Snake Creek Gap. When Johnston left Resaca there 
was a detail made from our division (Ed. Johnson's) 

to hold the Cap until the troops could get away. We 
were posted there in the morning and spent a quiet 
day, but late in the evening it was reported that the 
enemy was coming and we were moved a little farther 
back. I was one of thirty videts deployed on each 
side of the road. It was dark and cloudy, and we lay 
on watch, until we began to hear sticks cracking. 
They crawled and sneaked right up to us, when they 
rose up and made for. US, but when they got there we 
were like the Irishman's Ilea, gone. According to or- 
ders we fell back to the main line, the yanks following. 
We did not have long to wait, as they soon came on 
us in force, making three charges on our lines during 
the night, but we held them back. When day came 
they made preparations to wipe us up, but they had 
made a miscount. We were in breastworks built by 
McPherson in the spring when he was Banking John- 
ston at Dal ton. They made charge alter charge on us, 
but we held our own until in the afternoon, having 
killed and wounded scores of them. About three 
o'clock we found that we were being flanked by a force 
of cavalry, when we withdrew. I think it was one of 
the best lights of the war. It is said that there was a 
corps of yankee infantry, but we had not more than 
five hundred men, commanded by Gen. Rrantley. 
We marched all night, but the yankees, seeming to 
lie satisfied, did not follow. I would like to hear from 
some comrade who was in that fight. 




There was no uncommissioned soldier in the Con- 
federate Army more faithful and constant in all 
duties than Charley Herbst, of the 2d Kentucky Regi- 
ment. He is worthy of high place in the VETERAN. 
An intimacy with its editor since prison life at Camp 

Morton in l 862 enables him to give this positive testi- 
mony, and he docs it with special pride and ..'latitude. 
It was intended to surprise him with the picture and 
sketch last month. The hundreds yel Living of the 
four thousand fellow-prisoners at Indianapolis will 

recall the Cultured gentleman who was BO quick and 

so accurate in his detail work at the little postoffice in 
Cam]) Morton during the spring and summer of 1862, 
and how their hearts throbbed when he would call 
their names on letters from home. Everybody knew 
"Charley." The writer introduced himself, and after- 
ward Charley's unselfishness and friendly devotion 
secured many returns in hospital and in camp. 

When he had four holes shot into his body at Hal- 
las, ( la., on the Johnston Sherman campaign, and was 
located in a hospital, although lying on his back, he 
sent this message: "Now that my opportunities are 
better for writing, 1 will send you two letters for one." 

Early alter the war he was engaged for months in 
marking graves ot Confederate dead between Dalton 
and Atlanta, and wa- helpful in identifying many a 
noble martyr who gave his life for Pixie'. A letter of 
Mr. Herbst to some nieces furnishes the following data : 

At the opening of the war he was in the hardware 

trade in New York City. He returned to Kentucky 
in April. 1861, and joined Company II, 2d Kentucky 
Regiment, the first regiment formed at Camp Boone, 
Tcnn. He was made Commissary Sergeant. He was 
captured with his regiment at Fort Donelson and 

sent to Indianapolis, Indiana. While in Camp Mor- 
ton he was made Sergeant of Hi vision 13. He was 
appointed assistant to Mr. Evans, the camp postmaster, 
by Col. Owen, commandant of the prisoners. Later 
he was assigned to duty at the Sergeant's h< 
H. was with his regiment in the battles of Mur- 
boro, Jackson, Miss., Mission Ridge, Rocky Face 
Gap, Resaca, and Dallas, Ga., where he was severely 
wounded, and was on crutches for about six month-. 
While convalescing was assigned to office duty under 
Lieut. Battey, in Macon, Ga In Novemb 
ported to the regiment at Stockbridge, Ga., where he 
saw Atlanta burning, and with his mounted regiment 
led to Ma., m. Ga. Later he was a bearer of dis- 
patch,- to Dalton. Ga., for Col. Hiram Hawkii 
the 5th Kentucky Infantry. Again he was ase 
to duty, under Col. John F. Cameron, who appointed 
him Sergeant Major of the detachment, with whom 
he remained several months. Then he rejoined his 
regiment and remained with it up to the surrender 
under Gen. Johnston, April 26, 1865. 

For twenty-three years he served as Librarian in 
Atlanta and Ma en. Ga., \\ here he now lives. II 
lived in that state nearly ever since the war, but has 
ever registered as "of Kentucky." 


M. T. I.edhetter. Piedmont, Ala.: I desire to pav an 
humble tribute to my Captain in the war. now Rev. 
E. T. Smythe. lie resides in Anniston, Ala. The 

following incidents illustrate the love and ;- 

tween him am! the privates of hie company. <>urs 
was Company C. Fifth Alabama Battalion. In \.>- 
vember, 1861 (before the battalion was organized 
company was ordered from Richmond to Yorktown. 

We traveled by tail to West Point. Where we Went 

aboard an open top schooner on the York River. A 
Virginia winter was upon us in full blast, rain 
Bleet, leaking tlie weather extremelv disagreeable. 
We reached Yorktown just at nightfall. The wind 
was blowing al a furious rate, ami the waves W( 
high that we found it impossible to land, and were 
Forced to cast anchor at a sale distance from the shore. 
We were without shelter, food or tire, and the elements 
fairly raged. After anchor was cast the Captain of the 
boat came around ami invited Captain Smythe into 
his cabin t<> supper, hut he very politely expressed his 
thanks for the invitation, saying hi- men had nothing 
I i eat, and he would fare just as they did, and al- 
though the Captain of the boat and many of us ■ 
him we could not induce him to change his mind, or 
to take even a cup of coffee, while hi- men were with- 
out food. I have known him, when weary and worn 
with marching, to positively decline the cordial, ur- 
gent appeals by superii to ride, those officials 

proposing to walk themscl 

In the winter of 186] we were in winter quarters on 
the hanks of the Potomac near Dumfries, fine Sun- 
day, when the ground was covered with snow to the 
depth of about eighteen inches, a requisition was made 
upon (apt. Smythe for a detail from his company to 
assist in building a stable for the horse of Adjutant 
(>. Hooper. When the requisition was made and Capt. 
Smythe was informed of the purpose, he said to the 
Sergeant, "T,il Capt. Hooper my men do not build 
stables on Sunday. It is not a military necessity, and 
I do not allow them imposed upon in that way." 




Col. John T. Crisp, of Independence, Missouri, tells 
the St. Louis Republic an interesting story of the late 
<;<-n. John II. Baylor, of Texas. Cri3p Baw Baylor in 
El Paso not long after the war. ami was so attracted to 
the stranger that In- Introduced himself and then 
became so interested in conversation with him that 
In- forgot an engagement with his wife. 

Baylor said that at tin- beginning of the war he had a 
company in North wesl Texas, and was surprised one 
morning when tin 1 picket reported to him the capture 
of a man who had "attempted to steal tin- horses of 
the camp " He was much surprised that a man "so 
far from civilization should want to steal horses." 
The man was ordered before him. and was asked why 
he wanted to steal horses away out there. 

" 1 was not stealing them.' the man replied, in the 
very best tone and intheopenesl manner. "] wanted 
them for a particular purpose and was taking them." 

Continuing, Gen. Baylor said: " His coolness struck 
me with particular force, and 1 asked him what |>art 
of the country he was from, when he -aid California. 
For day- I had been looking to the West as for a mil- 
itary Messiah in the person of Albert Sidney Johnston, 
with whom I had served in the army of the United 
State-, and who was one of my chosen friends. Gen. 
Johnston was in California and 1 wanted to know 
whether or not he was coming to the Easl in the aid 
of the Southern cause. Well, when this fellow told 
nc he was from California, I felt a renewed interest. 

"I asked 'diil you know any of the prominent men 
of your State?' 

■■ 1 know them all,' he replied with confidence. 

"' I 'id you ever hear of Albert Sidney Johnston?' 

"'Very often,' was his calm response. 

" ' When did you see him?" 

■■'The day before I left California.' 
Did you talk to him?' 

"' Yes. and at great length.' 

"• Did you hear him or any one say whether or not 
he was coming East to engage in this conflict?' 

"The man looked earnestly at me for two or three 
minutes, and then he asked, ' What is your name?' 

•• I told him 'John R. Baylor. 1 

"'Well,' he proceeded, ' you may or you may not be 
the man you say you are. But 1 will tell you that 
Gen. .1 oh list on is not three miles from here, and it was 
for him that I was taking your horses.' 

"We saddled up and rode oil' with tin- stranger. 
After going about three miles we went up the skirt of 
a mountain, ami when we reached the summit our 
guide pointed to a camp about a mile distant and below 
us. At the Mime instant the camping party noticed 

us. Gen. Johnston stepped to one side to get a hetter 
look at us. and as he raised his glass he recognized me 
and I recognized him. We rode rapidly to each other, 
and we actually embraced in tears for minutes." 

Gen. Baylor and Gen. Johnston met there on that 
occasion, and they stood in that vast empire like two 
William Wallaces on the hills of Scotland. Hut one 
died at Shiloh, the other lost courage when the war 
was over, and, like a mighty oak riven and torn by a, 
storm, was broken in body and spirit, it seemed hope- 
lessly. But he went West, where he recuperated, and 

there, surrounded by his multiplying herds, became 
a figure in the great domain of Texas. 

Gen. Baylor was a famous Texan and a powerful 
man in every way. He represented his State in the 
Confederate Congress, and was recognized long hefore 
the war as one of the brainiest, as well as the bravest 
physically, of its many heroic Bons. 


F.O., Chapel Bill, Tenn.: During the latter days 

of the great war ( 'apt. Swame. his brother .lames, and 

Tims. Britton, of Forrest's cavalry, concluded to slip 
oil' from the command, which was below Huntsville, 
and make atrip home. They took their halters and 
bridles and constructed a raft and launched it Crusoe 
style, hut were carried among the rock- by the current 
and the rait wa> demolished. Tiny were left on a 
large Hat rock, covered ahout two feet with water. 
Britton could not swim, so the Captain and his brother 
had to leave him for the night. They urged him not 
to go to sleep, and said they would swim over and 
rescue him afterward, hut they found they had only 
reached an island, with no means of relief, so they all 
had to spend the night where they were. They could 
hear the prayers of Britton on the rock out in the 
river. The next morning sonic of the command fol- 
lowed after them, heard Britton and went out to his- 
relief. lie dates his conversion from that hour, and 
is one of the main pillars of the church to-day. The 
Swame brothers, seeing that Britton was safe, started 
for another swim. They again reached shore, to find 
that they were on another island, and that the main 
stream was still hefore them. Hungry and wet, they 
walked around until evening, when to their joy they 
saw a ferry-boat coming over, in which there were 
several men and some women. These people pulled 
to the shore, and the Captain, without knowing whether 
they were friends or enemies, very politely asked to 
be carried over, but they showed utter indifference to 
his plea, and walked off, leaving one man to watch 
the boat. Seeing an axe in the boat, the Captain 
asked if he could get it to cut some wood. lie slipped 
a motion to his brother, and they both leaped into the 
boat, cut the rope and pulled for the other shore, and 
were soon beyond the reach of gunshot. When over 
they turned the boat loose and made it home safe. 
The Captain is now one of the leading magistrates of 
.Marshall County and the father of nineteen children. 
He is a good swimmer still. Now, if any of that sipiad 
on the island should read this he will please tell how 
they got hack home. 

Caspar W. Bell, Salisbury, Mo.: 1 sympathize very 
much with the enterprise, and desire its success. M\ 
humble efforts will he cheerfully given to it. The 
federals fought for the preservation of the Union, 
and the Confederates for the preservation of constitu- 
tional liberty as bequeathed to us by our revolutionary 

fathers. The federals were successful in securing the 

victory for Union, and God grant that the Confeder- 
ates, by their patriotic efforts, may cement that Union 
with the principles of constitutional liberty, thereby 
securing to the country Union and constitutional lib- 
erty, one and inseparable forever. 

Since the above Mr. Bell has sent four, and expects 
more subscribers. 





In 1886 the survivors of this company met al I 

n, Miss., and appointed a committee to raise funds 
for a monument to their fallen comrades. This com- 
mittee, as then formed, and afterward employed, met 
on the 26th of Inst February at the Hotel Royal, in 
New Orleans. Present — George Harvey, Wiley N. 
Na-h, W. II. Kowcott, Wallace Wood, George Shelby, 
Scott Field and .lames L. Goodloe. These gentlemen 
hail from Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi and Teni 
see. The committee has collected, principally from 
the surviving scouts, $1,500, and accepted the design 
of F. II. Venn, of Memphis. It will be of valley 
granite, massive and classic, decorated with the Con- 
federate battle Sags, the Confederate Statee seal and 
sal ires in copper, with appropriate wreaths and inscrip- 
tions; notably the name- of those killed in battle. A 
young daughter of one of these soldiers, Miss Evelyn 
Nash, had collected copper cents since her early child- 
hood, and donated five hundred to the fund. It is 
now proposed to fuse these coins into medallion, and 
ii\ it iii the granite with word- to indicate that it i- 

her memorial to her father's comrades. This, proba- 
bly is the only monument erected by one company to 
its dead, and will hear record of undaunted bravery. 

1 think it is the only company especially mentioned 
by Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, and Gen. Claiborne de- 
voted several chapters to it in his History of \|i- 
sippi, the records of which were lost by tire: hut tl" 

chapters were saved in the hands of Wiley N. Nash, 
u ho. fortunately, hail the proof sheet-. 

With from forty to seventy men, this command has 
the record of 1,969 federal soldiers killed and cap 
tured within less than two year-. It does not Seem 
that these ever were " buttermilk rangers," as nearly 
every one of the original forty-six were either killed 
or wounded. The New i Orleans Picaywrn gave accounts 
of the deliberations of this committee in its issues of 
February 27th and 28th, and March 1st, ami the bril- 
iant "Pearl Rivers'' — Mrs. Nicholson- extended to 
them numerous courtesies. The original command 
was of picked men men from Wirt Adams' brigade, 

and served, mostly, under the heroic Maj. Gen. Wm. 

II. Jackson, Josepb E, Johnston, and Forrest. They 
were young, venturesome and successful: and tin 
dignified lawyers, hankers and planters, of the -ur- 
vivors. hardly remind us of that hardy looking, reck- 
less hand of the fearful war time. The monument 
will be unveiled at Canton. Miss., next August. The 
survivors and their families will attend. .1. 

The Chattanooga Times: The Confederate Vet- 
bran is of concern to every one of the brave men who 
were engaged in that great struggle between the North 

and the Smith, and so fair, so honest, and so impartial 
is its conduct that one becomes deeply interested in 
it. no matter whether he wore the blue or the gray. 
The last two numbers of the journal have been un- 
usually interesting, and it is pleasing to note the grow- 
ing circulation of Mr. Cunninghams paper. 

The Woodville Miss.. Camp. No. 49, V. C. V: Re' 
solved, That this Camp approve the CONFEDERATE 
Veteran, published by S. A. Cunningham, at Nash- 
ville, Tenn., and we hereby adopt it as the official or- 
gan of this Camp. P. M. Stockett, Adjutant. 

Geo. W. Voungl.lood. Golden City. Mo.: I saw in 
the November Veteran how Woolford was driven by 
the inch, a- it were, from Loudon to Knoxville. Here 
is what 1 want to say: I belonged to Forrest's old hri- 
gade, Company A. 11th Tennessee Cavalry. After 
the battle of Chickamauga we were camped at Cleve- 
land. Tenn.. and Woolford at Philadelphia, eight 
mile- south of London We -tailed one morning, 
and rode all day and all night. The next morning 
lirrounded Woolford. He was ready for "the 
tun." The 11th was in line behind the artillery, the 
1th in our rear, the 8th on our right, the 9th ami 10th 
on the road between Philadelphia and Loudon to cut 

Off their retreat. Forrest hadn't occupied a road run- 
west, and when it got too hot for the hoys in 
Mue th.y started west. Forrest -aw the gap, and 
ordered our n the llth to dash across the 

road. It was abont half a mile from us. At the same 
time the 4th took our place in the line. We got in 
about 200 yards of the road whin Col. Hoi man ordered 
my compan] A and Company II to charge. We 
went at tin m like wild men. tiring our revolvers, and 
with tin old Confederate yell wi went through their 
lim. still shooting and yelling. Col. Holm an at the 
same time coining down on the other ride "f the road. 
Tin y whirled hai k tor town. With the old llth T( n- 
still after them, they rushed through Phila- 
delphia for Loudon, lien tiny met the 9th and 10th. 
nly thing they could do was to surrender. We 
got 500prisoni re, 7 pieces of artillery. s i? wagon-. 600 
stand of small arms, with all of their camp equipage. 
This was In lor. the Beige at Knoxville. l.ongstrei t 
was tin non his man h from Chattanooga. He came 
up in a lew day-. Then we drove them into Kimx- 
ville, w In n we cut their line in two. After tin battle 
1 saw Minn <h ad yank- m the 1. ranch and pulled - 
of them out. 


In receipting for the $77.75 so generously contrib 

from Fl I'aso, TexaB, and the other sums received and 
forwarded since issue if th< March Vi ipt. J. 

N. Sloan, of Pontotoc, Miss, writes: "What shall I 
say to these good p> 0] l< Cod hies- you. my friend. 

and each contributor. I am proud that 1 was a Con- 
federate soldier and did my duty in behalf of our 
beautiful Southland. Please Bay ' that I do 

tiio-t assuredly thank them for their generous contri- 

Judge Wyndham Kemp, Adjutant of Jno.C. Brown 
Camp, El I'aso, Texas. March 1 •"> ■ At the meeting of 
• 1 no. C. Brown (amp. !'. < . \\, held the 2d inst 

('propria ted for the relief of (apt. .1. N. Sloan, of 
Pontotoc, Miss., whoBe appeal was published in the 
Confederate Veteran, and :i committee of two ap- 
pointed to solicit aid from tin- people of Fl Paso. As 
the result I inclose you New York draft, to your order 
for Capt. Sloan's benefit, of $77.75, receipt of which 
please acknowledge. I also inclose a Mexican paper 
dollar, which Capt. Sloan may wish to preserve a- a 
souvenir. It was contributed by a friend. We are 
greatly indehted to Dr. W. M. Yandell and W. .1. 
Few ell for raising among outside friends the assistance 
for Capt. Sloan contributed outside of our Camp. 





There was perhaps no honor paid a regiment in the 

service of the Western Army greater than that to the 
20th Tennessee by Gen. John ('. Breckenridge. Mrs. 
Breckenridge was with her husband at his army quar- 
ters much of the time, and became deeply interested 
in it- -' cess in every way. It occurred to her t>> 
make a flag from a handsome silk dress that she had 
worn in state at Washington and present it to the 
"bravest regiment of her husband's' corps." Col. 
O'Hara, the Adjutant General, said at its presentation: 

"I have a duty devolved upon me to-day which I 
esteem with honor and perform with pleasure. lam 
deputed to present to you a flag, wrought by the 
hands of the ladies of Kentucky. The inquiry may 
suggest itself why the distinguished gentleman charged 
to bestow this banner has not chosen to present it to 
a regiment from his own State. The noble Kentueki- 
ans who have relinquished all the ties and almost all 
the hope of home to devote their lives and their all to 
the cause are contented with the assured appreciation 
of their illustrious commander and countryman, and 
with the proud consciousness of having nobly done 
their duty, and their constant and equal devotion to 
the cause leave no criterion by which their General 
might distinguish among them. He and they feel 
that it is to a regiment of some other State that the 
honor of bearing this flag will be more appropriately 
confided, and the General lias felt a delicacy and diffi- 
culty of making a selection among the various regi- 
ments which constitute his command, and many of 
which have won his admiration by their gallant con- 
duct under his own eye on many a stricken field. 
After mature consideration, however, in view of its 
uniform gallantry and length of service under bis 
command, he has concluded that it is upon the '_!<>th 
Tennessee Regiment that these colors will be most 
properly bestowed. 

" In the first memorable battle on the soil of Ken- 
tucky, in this war. the _!<»th Tennessee was signalized 
by its devoted patriotism, discipline and valor. At 
Fishing Creek, when the sternest were dismayed, and 
the timid yielded to the panic, the gallantry of the 
20th Tennessee shone forth with conspicuous lustre 
At Shiloh. when the reeling battalions of the enemy 
confessed the superiority of Southern valor, the ban- 
ners of the L'nth Tennessee were among the fnivino-i 
in that struggle. At the bombardment of Vicksburg, 
throughout the sulphurous carnival that raged so 
many days and nights around that heroic city, the 
•Jdth Tennessee Stood, baring its scarred front to the 
storm of shot and shell. At Baton Rouge, where our 
Southern chivalry rushed upon the insolent invaders 
of their country, the 20th Tennessee was again seen in 
the van of the battle. At Murfreesboro, whether on 
lie left of Stone's River among the bloody cedars, or 
on the right in the fearful charge, on the I'd of Janu- 
ary, which Laid low many a noble spirit, the 20th Ten- 
nessee maintained its bright renown, and plucked new 

laurels from the jaws of death. 

"In view of this record of its heroic service and pa- 
triotic devotion, it has been decided. I feel sure with 

no offensive discrimination, to confer upon the 20th 
Tennessee Regiment this beautiful banner, wrought 
by the fair hands of the most distinguished women of 
Kentucky. I feel that 1 may safely undertake to de- 
clare that it is the opinion of those ladies that to no 
more deserving and loyal custody could this emblem 
of our eaiiM- be confided, and let me, fellow-soldiers, 
assure you that the men of Kentucky share their 
opinion and indorse their award. They feel, also. 
that it is to HO alien hands this trust IS confided : 
while there is pulse in the breast of a member of the 
20th Tennessee they feel assured that this emblem 
will be cherished and guarded as more precious than 
life itself. In this confidence I, as their representa- 
tive, commit this banner to your keeping. 1 believe 
that history has already determined the common 
political fate of Kentucky ami Tennessee, and that 
this simple ceremony here to-day is but the symbol of 
the affections of two million people with the fortunes 
and destiny of the Southern Confederacy." 

The following response was made by Col. Thomas 
Benton Smith, whose sad calamity before Nashville, 
after he surrendered, in having his head horribly cut 
by a saber until he was blinded by the blood, and was 
led to the rear to sink down in a line of prisoners, will 
be remembered. Col. Smith was the gallant com- 
mander of this regiment. He said : 

"Colonel, in behalf of the officers and soldiers of my 
regiment, I accept this beautiful Hag. My language 
doe- not permit me to express my feelings on this 
occasion. This unexpected compliment is doubly 
pleasing, coming as it does from Kentucky, the land 
of chivalry, and from the noblest of her daughters. It 
comes from a State whose name is linked with the 
brightest jewels of American history. Her women ari- 
as lovely as her mountain flowers. For my officers 
and soldiers I thank you. When the storm of battle 
rages fiercest, amid the wildest conflict, we will think 
of the fair donors ami cling to this banner. For the 
complimentary manner, sir, in which you have pre- 
sented it, I thank you. 

" Soldiers! to you I commit the gift. In its folds rest 
your honor. Let it never be contaminated by a foe- 
man's hand. Let the Confederacy ami the world set- 
that in the hour of her darkest trials Tennessee will 
stand by the colors of Kentucky as they would by the 
standard of their native State. They feel that their 
honor, their safety, their people arc one." 

The pool- foot-sore, battle-scarred boys of the 20th 

fit proud that day, being the chosen few of many 
thousands. And they would every one have died be- 
fore yielding that Hag. Yet it was and is lost to them 
at last. It was put iii a trunk and started from North 
Carolina to Tennessee, but never arrived. It is in 
some one's possession. To them it is a Hag and noth- 
ing more. To the :20th it is a glorious heritage he\ ond 
value. It is made of heavy silk, alternate bars of 
white and red, the colors being in triangles, and the 
points of the triangles meeting at tin- center, clasping 
a large shield. 

This Hag hail as many sacrifice- as tin- old one. At 
Eoover's Gap, the first battle it entered, in its defense 
was slain lien Ycargin and .liinmic Callender, and 
wounded Wallace F.vaiis and John Fly. AtChicka- 
mauga John Fly was wounded again, and Ike Hyde, 
Tom 1'.. Roach and Hilly Cant, and at last was carried 
out by John W. Morgan. At Jonesboro the coloi 
guard were killed or wounded, when Maj. John Guth- 



rie, in command of the regiment,, seized it, and tearing 
it from the staff, wrapped it around his body to carry 
it off. But this was the cause of his death, for no 
.sooner bad he 'lone it than be became the mark of the 
enemy, and lie was soon mortally wounded. But In- 
got away with it. This officer is one whose merits 
have never been fully recognized in public. Of retir- 
ing disposition and bashfulnese to a fault, he kepi 
himself as much out of observation as possible. But 
Ney was not braver on the battle-field, At the vari- 
ous battles following the flag was borne as gallantly as 
ever, lmt there is no record of it until at the fatal bat- 
tle of Franklin, where the color guard were all killed 
or wounded, and the flag was brought off by Joe J. 
Smith, who accidentally stumbled over it during one 
of tin- repulses. Any information about it would be 
gratefully received by members of the regiment, and 
the Y ktik ln would give out the good news with pride 

.1. I., (ice, of the 20th, Franklin. Teim.. kept th- 

above record. Be kept a roster of his company through 
tie war, noting who were in the battles and tie casu- 
alties. It was he and his friend, I'. G. Smithson, now 
in charge of the Tennessee Confederate Home, with 
whom Gen. Breckinridge divided his two biscuits at 
Shiloh, :is reported in February Veteran. 



Isaac T. Moreland, Fine Apple, Ala.: I have the 
Confederate gray uniform which I wore at Gen. Fee's 
surrender. Peace to bis ashes! When 1 returned to 
my desolate home 1 laid this suit carefully away, in- 
tending to keep it so long as 1 lived as a relic of that 
devastating war. When I occasionally take a look at 
it it recalls to memory manj day- and nights of pleas- 
ure and sorrow — of days of trial and privation. Never 
will I disown or scorn the name of rebel, if the word 
"rebel" implies a Southern soldier. 

"Far from me l>e that spirit" which would engen- 
der or open afresh any bitterness between the blue 
and gray. I have a high estimate of the soldier who 

wore the blue as well as the gray. The Federal sol- 
dier who was actuated by deeds of patriotism is as 
much entitled to honorand respect as his enemy. In 
many cemeteries they sleep side l.y side. The loving 
hands and patriotic hearts which decorate the South- 
ern soldier's grave, in a like loving and kind Spirit 
decorate the graves of tie Northern soldier who fell 
and was buried far from home and friends defending 
a cause which he felt was right. 


BY '(INK OF I.KK s'.l l s." FORT WORTH. TK.\. 

When firs! I put this uniform on, 

A Hotspur of fifteen, 
Mother and sister had 1 none ; 
Brothers? Hal was the only one ; 
1 was th.' Benjamin youngest son 
Sighing lor victories to be won 

Ere I had turned six 
\s we marched proudlj away. 

\t Petersburg my brother died, 

In the crater's aw fill zone ; 

Iii thai red hell 
of flame an, I shell, 
He breathed farewell, 
As be foremost fell ; 

I trod war's path alone, 
Aiel 1 marched Badh mi. 

Capt. E. Lewis Moon, of Framingham. Mass.. wrote 
a letter last < October inquiring about Maj. .lames Reilly, 
to whom he wished to restore a sword captured at Fort 
Fisher, which he wore "so honorably in the two 
tights there and in the Army of Northern Virginia 
Maj. Reilly replied requesting the sword by express, 
"collect," Baying: 

"You, my brave and gallant opponent in war. fully 
illustrate the magnanimous character of a good soldier 
and a gentleman. I fought you with a determination 
that afternoon from the time Gen. Whiting and Col, 
Lamb were wounded, about 3 o'clock p. m., command 

devolved on me that would he hard to excel, but it 
was like unto a mole and a mountain— up-hill work. 
Your troop- were all around my gallant little hand of 
Tar Heels, fighting from travel-, to traverse, with no 
hope hut lighting to the last ditch. At dark, when I 
fell hack from Fisher, I had only forty-four men and 
two officers with me. I formed my little command 
■and moved to Battery Buchanan. When | saw the 
condition of affairs there I called Maj. Hill and Capt. 
Van Benthueen, and held a consultation and came to 
a conclusion to surrender. After waiting some time 
I observed the skirmish line of your troops advancing 
toward the Point. Wethreewent forward about I 
hundred yards and stopped. I took my handset 
and placed it on the point of my Babre ami aw 
your coming, when the surrender was made about s 
o'clock e. m. It was a distressing time to us. When 
I surrendered my sabre to you it was with a lnart of 
tic deepest depression. A- a brave soldier you trt 

nrteouslv, and showed no bravado over our de- 
feat, for which accept my Bincere thanks, < If the other 
others that were with me on that memorable occasion 
Major Mill is 'had. and I have not heard from Capt. 
Van Benthueen sit urrender. 

"Captain, if you have time come t and we 

will visit the Fort, and Bee it- ruins.'' 


The Camp at Chattanooga has 12~> members, with 
an interesting attendance at the monthly meetings. 

At Fait on. Ga., there is a membership of 75, They 
are doing a good work in lookin ck ami Buffer- 

ing Confederate veteran- Quite a patl cident 

occurred last month. Mr. G. W Hamilton, an old 
soldier who was wounded in the war. and who never 
entirely recovered, died without a relative near him. 
Mis wife had been dead ten year- or more, and his 
children were ail married and living at a distance. 
But h ed after him and gave him 

every attention, ('apt. Roberts, who commands th' 
Post, is one of the best known men in the ' ounty. 
There are other citizen- of Dalton, too young to he 
veterans, hut who are interested in the welfare of the 
('"Mi. Veteran. Among them is Rev. J. G. 

Orr, Presidenl of Dalton Fein;, Mr. A. 

IF Shaver, the genial editor of the Dalton Argue, who 
ilways a good word for this periodical. 

Gen. W. L. Cabell, "Old Tige," has appointed com- 
rade John ('. Fox, from u hom a yankee bullet was ex- 
tracted and referred to in last Veteran, a member of 
his staff with the rank of Brigadier General. It is an 

honor that will gratify his friends. 



Capt. Stockton Heth, during the Confederate War, 
served on the staff of his brother. General Harry 
Heth. (in the eve of the battle ot the Wilderness 
Captain Heth had a good many orders to transmit 
from the General to his subordinate commanders, and 
wa< vitv active. Hen. Jno. B. Gordon stopped to 
breakfast with General Heth early that morning, and 
was requested by General Heth to hold family prayers, 
era! H. was calling in his staff and other officers 
about headquarters, and saw his brother passing on 
horseback in discharge of his duties, when he beckoned 
him to stop for prayers. The gallant Captain mistook 
the signal for something else, and shaking his canteen, 
said, "No. 1 thank yon. brother Henry. I have just 
had 'one.' ami mv canteen is full." The General 
•■ smiled." and his head was soon bent in devotion to 
the Cud of battles. The battle was fought that day, 
and Captain Heth acquitted himself with great gal- 
lantry. A. 

Gen. Heth was asked about the above and he re- 
plied: " During the fall, when on the lines around Pe- 
tersburg, \'a.. I suggested to Gen. Lee that 1 he per- 
mitted to make an attack on a certain point of the 
enemy's line. He consented, and sent Gen. John B. 
Gordon's command to assist in the proposed attack. 
Gen. Cordon and I were riding ahead of our com- 
mands, accompanied by our stalls and couriers; we 
came to the point where we had to leave the Boydton 
plank road, where was situated an old cabin, or school 
house, where we halted for our commands to come up. 
Gen. Cordon suggested, as we were about going into 
battle, that we go into this house and have prayers, 
and both direct our stall's and couriers to go into the 
house. Looking down the road I saw my brother and 
aid, Capt. Stockton Heth, talking to some one. I 
beckoned to him to come and go into the school house. 
He replied. 'Thank you, brother Henry, 1 have just 
had one.'" 

Rev. .1. R. Deering: I had rather rear my boys bare- 
footed than have them grow up without veneration 
and affection for the memory of the men who fought 
and lell under the tri-barred flag! Let them have the 
truth, the whole truth, nothing but the truth. 


.Mrs. lielle Parkins, Landsdown, \'a.: Some one 
in October VETERAN gave the credit for Confederate 
victory at Leesburg— Ball's Bluff, called by the Feder- 
als — to South Carolina troops. It is an error. There 
were were no troops there from the I'almetto State. 
This victory was won by the Kighth, Seventeenth and 
Eighteenth Mississippi Regiments. The Thirteenth 
waE near the mouth of ( loose ( leek, keeping in check 
1. in ID of the enemy who would otherwise have crossed 
then and turned their flank. My home was near 
enough the battle for the windows to rattle fearfully. 
We took some Howitzers from the enemy 
and turned on them. My brother, David L. Hizon, 
after being in the fight nearly all day, was one of the 
volunteers who was out until midnight taking prison- 
ers. Tell W. Cart .lohiisiin to write again. The in- 
closed wooden button was worn by one of Pickett's 
men, and was in the bravest and most daring charge 
made during the whole war, that of storming Ceme- 
tery Heights at Gettysburg, Pa. 

The Souvenir for 1893 of the Veteran is not stereo- 
typed, and those who wish copies must order them 
soon or they may miss it. 

Vic Keinhardt. Terrill. Texas, sends the following: 
" It rejoices me to see for once some prominence given 
the Army of Tennessee, which 1 find in the Veteb \n. 
Not that I would in the least tarnish or diminish the 
wonderful achievements and bravery of our brethren 
in the Virginia Army, but 1 want to sec more men- 
tion of those boys who, without shoes, clothing, or 
food, almost, endured the hardships and faced the en- 
emy in the Army of Tennessee. 1 have so often heard 
it said that the yankces left their rations at the fire of 
the first volley. Such was not tin- ease with those 
blue-coated fellows facing us from Shiloh to Benton- 
ville, N. C. The exception is not sufficient to make 
it respectable. We long for statements from this 
branch of service because those who were in distant 
iie-lils have hardly a conception of the bravery dis- 
played during the four years all along the line of this 
army. They knew very little of the courage of Shiloh, 
Murfrcesboro, Perryville, Chickamauga, New Hope 
Church. Franklin, and an hundred engagements where 
valor unexcelled crowned the ragged, half fed army, 
without murmuring or discontent, save rare excep- 
tions. These men have so long stood by, and many 
of them gone on into eternity, without hearing the 
commendation their valor bought and the bravery 
and heroism their richest blood paid for. 1 rejoice, 
too, with all other veterans in their marvelous achieve- 
ments, even though our flag is now lost in the folds 
of the stars and stripes." 


This steamer was built to run from Aspinwall on 
the route to California. She was the first vessel char- 
tered by the Cnited States Government to take troops 
and provisions to Fort Sumpter, in Charleston harbor. 
At daylight on the morning of January 9th, 1861, she 
crossed the bar at Charleston and was fired on by the 
Confederate steamer "Cen. Clinch." Failing to re- 
lieve Fort Sumpter, she returned to New York, and 
was again chartered by the Government to proceed to 
lndianola, Texas, to bring oil' the Cnited States forces 
that were being withdrawn from Texas, but was cap- 
tured on April 17, 1861, by ( 'on federate volunteers from 
( lalveston ; was taken to New < trleans, and there loaded 
with stores for Yickshurg, and was subsequently sent 
up Yazoo River to prevent capture by the Federals, 
and finally sunk at Fort l'emberton, on the Talla- 
hatchie River, to prevent the Federal fleet from passing 
down into the Yazoo Kiver. It still lies at Fort l'em- 
berton, ami has, for many years, been a serious obstruc- 
tion to steamers navigating that river. Capt. 1'. R. 
Starr, i n command of the United States snagboat "John 
R. Meigs," has succeeded in removing a large portion of 
this wreck, and now there is a good and safe channel 
around it. 

The "Starof the West" carried Walkerand his filibus- 
ters to Nicaragua; it was the lirst vessel chartered by 
the Cnited States Government in the Confederate War; 
it was the first vessel fired upon by the Confederates; 
and it was the first vessel in the service of the United 
States Government captured by the Confederates. 




John Boyd, Major General I.e. V. for Kentucky, 
was bom in Richmond, Ky., January 7. 1841. At 
eleven years' he emigrated to Texas and resided about 
a year in [ndianola, and afterward the same time in 
Richmond. He was at the latter place during the 
yellow fever Bcourge in 1853, bis family suffering 
great loss. He returned to Lexington, Ky., in 1854, 

where, with tile exception of tile war. lie has e\ei 

since resided. His education was limited, and ob- 
tained wholly from the public Bchools. Hi jo 
the army of the Confederate States at thi I ime it occu- 
pied Central Kentucky, in 1862, and served asapri- 
vate in the Buckner Guards of Cleburne's division 
throughout the war. He participated in every battle 
in whicb that illustrious division was engaged, and 
was surrendered with the Army of Tennessee by Gen 
Joseph E. Johnston at Greensborough, N\ C. His 
parole is dated May 1. 1865, and he has preserved it. 

In addition to being the commander of the Ken- 
tucky Division, 1'. ('. V.. he is also the President of 
the Confederate Veteran Assoeiation of Kentucky, an 
organization which has done and is still doing a vast 
amount of good in aiding the Living and burying the 
dead Confederates of his State. This Association has 

a liberal admission fee, and its hank account has 
hardly been under two thousand dollars at any time 
for years. He has recently done a work for the South 
that entitles him to the gratitude of every man who 
honors the cause for which the Southern people sacri- 
ficed so much. He has a complete list of the Confed- 
erate dead Imried in the Confederate cemetery at Lex- 

ington, and has recently begged the money and erected 
a beautiful monument over them. He has had their 
names cut on the monument ami numbered, and a 
corresponding number at the head of every grave. 

■ Tv Soul 1 

State i 

s renre^cnted. 



MiRG i ti uora Oravi r, i « ulnglon, pepre-enlattve f<>r Kentucky 
in Reunion r. < '. v. »i Blrmtngna 

Cen Boyd is 90 diffident that the Veteran thanks 
him for the sacrifice of allowing this prominence. He 

rarely evei 'rom home. lie stays there and 

works for his devoted wife. and. as indicated above, 
for Confederates living and dead. 


Gen. John C. Underwood write- from Washington 
City. April 12, that the dedication of the ( onfederate 
Monument at Oakwoods Cemetery, Chicago, will take 
place on May 30, 1894 Gen. Wade Hampton, of South 

Carolina, will deliver the dedicatory address, and Maj, 

Henry T. Stanton, of Kentucky, will read a poem. :ind 
other ceremonies will he announced in next 
He adds: "The monument C08l ten thousand ($10,000) 
dollars, and is the only ( onfederate mODUtril I 

in a Northern state. By authority of the United 
states Government four cannon will he parked, and 
piles of shot made on the Government plot in -aid 
cemetery in additional ornamentation thereof, a i 
nition which should he fully appreciated by the veter- 
ans. I will announce railroad transportation rates, by 
circular, in the near futur> 

The superintendent of transportation at New Or- 
leans will give round trip ticket to Birmingham for 

•*7. and the Trans-Mississippi agents have promised 
to meet any railroad rates made east of the M ississippi. 
This would make the round trip from Dallas to Bir- 
mingham ahout fl. r >. It is expected that an Alabama 
State organization of Sons of Confederate Veterans 
will be effected at time of the Birmingham Reunion. 
Camp Clayton, of Birmingham, is sending many let- 
ters to the Camps throughout Alabama, and is d 
ing with most cordial responses. This is ; i> it should 
be. The Sons of Veterans must he able to take up the 
work as the older men lay it down. 

Camp Clayton has chosen the Veteran for its or- 
gan, and the State organization is expected to do so. 




The division of Texas United Confederate Veterans 
had an interesting and profitable gathering al Waco, 
April 5th, *Uh and 7th. The parade was seriously 
dampened by a shower of rain, hut in the Assembly 
Hall spirit- revived. Rev. Frank Page, one of the 
vnungest Confederates, bavin;.' been sworn in as a 
cadet at the Virginia .Military Institute. Chaplain of 


K.liz Hi Pii'CO, MnntlPH 

in Reunion r. C. V 

i.». representul Ive for l'l< 
at Birmingham. 


the Pat Cleburne Camp, at Waco, introduced the ser- 
vice with this significant prayer: 

Almighty God, the creator and governor of the 
world, we ask thy blessing and direction upon this 
assembly. We thank thee for the love of country and 
of home with which thou hast endowed mankind, 
made in thine own image. We thank thee for the 
noble men thou bast given us in times past, and that 
so many of their companions are with us to-day. May 
the memory of our fallen heroes ever be dear to us. 
Ma v we always honor i hese brave soldiers of our coun- 
try who survive. Our Father, comfort and bless them 
in their declining years. Look with mercy upon them 
and their families, and supph their wants, We have 
no bitterness against any. We pray for all the soldiers 
of our common country, both North and South. Bless 
this country, especially this great commonwealth. (), 

Lord, Save the Stale, and mercifully bear us when we 

call upon thee. Give peace in our time, Lord, for it 
is thou, Lord, only that maketh us to dwell in safety. 
And as in times past these men bave been faithful, so 
may they be true soldiers of the cross in the great bat- 
tle of life, follow ing Jesus Christ, the great Captain of 
our salvation, against sin. the flesh and t he devil, and 
may peace and happiness, truth and justice, religion 
and piety, flourish in our borders. We a.-k it all for 
Christ's sake. 

The welcome by Judge George Chirk so emphasized 
the position taken by the Veteran on the "Lost 
•Cause" that it is given in full : 

Comrades and Confederate veterans, I need not say 

friends. I need not extend to you a formal welcome to 
Waco, because you knew in your hearts that you bad 

thai welcome before you came in our midst. The 
pleasant but unnecessary duty has devolved upon me 

to open to you the hearts and the homes of this good 
city, and 1 stand here, comrades, to bid you a royal 
welcome to royal hearts that beat in the home of 
Granbury and of Harrison and of Ross, 

As I look upon this sea of faces, and hear the yell 
that is not unfamiliar to my ears, my thoughts, fellow- 
soldiers, go back many, many years. Without bitter- 
ness and without malice I stand here to claim the 
proud honor which belongs to us all— that we were 
< lonfederate soldiers. 

It is sometimes said that our cause is lost. Some 
causes are never lost. They may be crushed in defeat. 
they may go down in seeming ignominy, but in the 
end. like truth crushed to earth, they rise again. The 
Confederate soldier is always and under all circum- 
stances true to principle. There was do selfishness in 
his thought of the morrow with him. He 
put all upon his country's altar, and went forth and 
gave bis time and bis heart and his life to the i 
What did that cause represent '.' 1 said it was not lost, 
and I repeat the assertion. It could not be lost. 

It stood first for the rights of the States. I'pon its 
solid foundation bangs the liberty and prosperity of 
the whole of America. Inside of eleven years after 
the surrender of our armies, before the grandest tri- 
bunal that ever sat upon earth, it was decided that 
the States were supreme in this nation. We are QOf 
indebted to our friends, soldiers, for this decision, but 
it came from those who had been our enemies. 

They went upon record with the solemn declaration 
that no matter what might be the action of a State in 
the selection of a President its action was final. So 
that part of our cause, instead of being lost, is tri- 
umphant throughout the north and the south, the 
east and the west as the highest law in the land. 
There was another great principle for which we stood, 

and that is that we fought against the interference of 
the government with the rights of the property of the 

individual. Our contest was broad upon the idea of 

individual rights of life, liberty and property. The 

light is still upon us, fellow-soldiers, the tight for con- 
stitutional guarantees in this country, the fight for tin' 
enjoyment ol our lives, the right of the enjoyment of 
our liberty and that equal dignity of right to enjoy 
the fruits of our labor. Tell me not that the cause is 
lost when hosts of Americans are marshaling in de- 
fense of these rights, and that Hag [pointing to a Con- 
federate banner], the Bag of the old Confederates, 
typifies the fight. Turn it loose and let them all see 
it! [The man holding the Hag shook it out. and the 
whole building rang with cheers.] Brave men have 
followed it. patriots have died under it, lovely woman 
has blessed it with her prayers and consecrated it with 
her tears. It stood for the rights of life, liberty and 
property from 1861 to 1865. It didn't tell a lie then. 
It speaks no lie to day. 

We stand to day with our brethren of the whole 
country, marshaled now under a different flag [taking 
hold of the I'nion banner], and we will be as true to 
this as we were to that. With our faces firmly set, fel- 
low-soldiers, against the aggressions of government, 
against the aggressions of anarchy, against the aggres- 
sions of communism in every shape, come from what- 
ever qujirter it may, standing true to the Constitution 



and the flag of our country, in defense of the rights 
and liberties of this people, we would not join any 
band that would inarch upon Washington now. We 
marched upon Washington once before in a manly 
fight and under the true (lag. and the next time we 
march upon Washington we will take this Hag with 
us [pointing t<> the United States Bag amid cheer- 
ing] to cover us, and we will raise it against the hosts 
of communism, let them be led by whom they may. 
Am I not right when I say it's a misnomer to call our 
cause lost ? It could not be lost. ( rod, in his inscruit- 
able wisdom, if we were untrue t<> principle for which 
we cini tended, ami of which we are qoI ashamed, would 
raise up another rare that would prove better men 
than we were. The cause 1- triumphant, and the 

Confederate soldier will go down into hi-tory occupy- 
ing the proud page he should occupy, and we every 
year will turn aside one day at least 1" weep over our 
dead and talk over the trying times of the past. 

We meel in no spirit of malice or of Midi-, standing 
as we have ever stood, true to the Sag of our country 
and to the institution- "f our government, and I 
know we will ever stand true to the principles of our 
cause, which are etei rial. 

Now. welcome again to Waco; welcome t" our 
homes. I.rt enjoyment rule all of our heart-: but. 
i omrades, lot us not forget in our moment of joy those 

old heroes who have CTOSSSed lie inn Let us make 

it a point, according to our means, to rear to their 
memories grand monuments, to show t" all future 
eyes the deeds done by them, thi for which 

fought and the cause for which they died. 

Gen. I., s. Ross, an honored ex-Governor of Texas, 
delivered a verj interesting address upon thi 
of Texas, remembering when the first cal in was built, 
and when the post office was in a " bee gum " hat. lie 
paid beautiful tribute to his faithful comrades of the 
war. .1 udge Reagan, who was Postmaster < ieneral, and 
i> the only in ember of the ungual Confederate Cabinet 
living, gave an address, held over foi Maj Vi rERAN. 

This issue of the Yktk.i; \n grei of thousands 

who will consider for themselves its merit. It is largely 
biographical, and in coneequenci ha- less of general 
Confederate history, humor, etc., than usual. With 
an increase of eight pages over any former number 
there ismuch lefl over unavoidably. Its indorsement 
by Camps is so extensive that their reports are with- 
held, except a I'm which were in type before SO many 
individual sketches were prepared. One Camp in 
Texas report- that a member objected to adopting the 
VETERAN to "avoid partiality between the two." The 
name of this comrade, as reported to me, docs not ap- 
pear on the VETERAN list, and he is ignorant or un- 
true. 1 reply to two letters of inquiry from the Camp 

by comrades w ho .spoused the VETERAN. This would 
be w ritten t" them instead of publication being made, 
but this issue will be read by thousand- w ho are not 
familiar with the facts, and a brief review seems best. 
The VETERAN was started in January of last year. 
Its purpose was to make sure and clear record of sa- 
cred funds put into my hands that could in no other 

way have been so clearly established. The first issue 
was without cover, or any advertisements, but the 
sentiment of its need inspired the projector to do what 
he could to supply a creditable periodical. The nan 
as in letters of tire, thrilled patriots throughout our 
Southland, clubs of from three to over one hundred 
were raised by friends, and most loyal devotion v 
manifested to the little CONFEDERATE VETERAN. 

''Across the chasm " there are people noted for en- 
terprise in making money as well a- noble men who 
fought us and delight now in our honor. Then there 
i- a rendezvous at the national Capitol for people who 

have feasted on government patronage. The "long- 
felt want" that has been written to this offices mul- 
titude of times, caught the attention of the Frank 
I ■ -lie printing concern, and it began to remodel pic- 
ture- from plates made at great expense which ani- 
mated foreigners during the war who flooded the coun- 
try as substitute- 'lb. Leslie people got a "Confed- 
erate Brigadier" who had been favored by appointment 
in the War Records Department to appear as editor. 
This was one of the m 

evei irted. The ii eof palm 

oil' • uul hand pictures upon the intelli- 

gent or •'illiterate South." wa- undertaken deliber- 
ately. The idea of making "big money" was full of 
promise. Tie price was put at double that "f the 

\ 1 rERAN, on inferior paper, and but half tie 
Now that the Veteran ha- been increased to €1, in- 
cluding Souvenir, it furnish.- about five hundred 
pages, with original Southern picture-, while the other 
contains in a year but one hundred and ninety-two 
pagi .over. But it 

lint captlll'ed the Southern people. - 

were deeply concerned l» it.- immense Bupply 

of pictU ! ' ial. their mi .ml the 

ad\ if the Co « ho had " 1" en 

aged to writi lally." The] that it 

could pay in commissioi more than the sub- 

scription 1 nice t" tie V 1 rERAN, but I belie \ ed in I 
Confederate soldiers and their families a- I do 
nal justice. 1 believed they would repudiate the in- 
solence to them if the til.- of truth COuld be made to 
de-troy these falsehoods, and I have made them burn 
a- the God who lias spared me through many dan. 
has given me the wisdom and the strength. 

The tiling has a diversity of locations. It- Repub- 
lican "Associate," located at Lexington, Ky.. wrote me 
very fraternally (?) apprizing me that our interei 
did not conflict, and that he wished the VETEB w SUC- 
-.. and I printed his letter in the Ykteran. They 
pursued patrons of the Veteran through its published 
subscription list. The gray paper, with false print, 
showed its cloven foot at - manner of com- 

menting on the "rebellion." etc., until resentment of 
those who saw it South subdued its tone, but it could 
not make the old war pictures appear except a- be- 



hind the yankee lines. Through the zeal of noble 

men and women the Vktkkan has been able to sling 
it- -hot, like David of old, BO that in every section of 
the South and in every State of the Union it has as 
loyal BUpport as was ever given to a periodical. 

Last fall an entertainment was given in its in- 
• in the parlors of a large hotel at the national 
capital, and this man who poses a- "of the late C. S. 
A so threatened to make things unpleasant if any 
thing was said for the Veteran, that the managers of 
the entertainment, there being many ladies present. 
did not even present the guest in whose honor it was 
given. This aggravating circumstance may have in- 
duced severer personal comment than it was wise to 
print from motives of policy. The soldier record of the 
man who has given his name to these false repre- 
sentations for more than a year, has been shown in 
some degree, and this unpleasant duty has been per- 
formed exactly as like duty was done in the war. 
The Vktkkan has never had a more sacred duty be- 
fore it than to expose that infamy. The "Associate, 
w hose partisan sentiment as a Republican] have never 
heard questioned, stays at Lexington, Ky., and has 
published that ht is the moat capable person living to 
write a great Confederate war book, of which a pros- 
pectus indicates that he has the co-operation of all 
the great Southerners who lived in that war period. 
Lexington, Ky., is advertised as the place whence 
these "great" things emanate, "or 111) Fifth Avenue, 
New Vork." That is the Judge Building — Judge! 
The Leslie concern moved into the Judge Building 
when it was finished several years ago. While that 
is the office, the principal part of the work has been 
done down town near Franklin Square. 1 make these 
statements from knowledge obtained in person. A 
Union veteran, who believes in the truth, and was 
long with the Leslie house as an engraver himself, 
took me to the places and introduced me to the 
publishers who are doing the work. They explained 
how very simple the process of making reductions 
from the old plates, flood friends say don't advertise 
the thing any more, but it seems well now to make 
these explanations. The patronage of those who sym- 
pathize with that thing is not wanted. It is the most 
insolent and hypocritical sheet in existence, and 1 had 
rather he found, if dead on the battle field, covered 
over with playing cards, than for a scrap of that lying 
sheet to be about me. Such a thing called Confed- 

.Mention of that man has been made where he left 
his command during time of danger, did not return, 
and could not be found. Men are so differently consti- 
tuted that some have not the nerve to go through bat- 
tle, but there is no excuse whatever for being a traitor, 
and on that score the Frank Leslie people cannot in- 
duce the South to accept their remodeled pictures 

through the influence of any man who sells to them 
the use of his name, even though they pretend that 
tie publication is issued from another city. Months 
ago the Veteran asserted thai if these people would 

print the truth about themselves it would let them 
alone. 1 'lease do not mention the Confederate Vkt- 
kkan in comparison with any thing so infamous' 


Miss Li It if, Vmh iiiinn, representative for 
Arkansas in Rtunlon U. C. V. al Birmingham.] 

Charles Todd Quintard, Bishop of Tennessee who has 
ever been an honor to comrades at home and abroad: 

Sewanee, Tkn.v, March 7, 1894. — Lear Mr. Cunning- 
ham: The Confederate Vktkkan comes to me full of 
good things, and I wish to thank you for your faith- 
ful work in giving to the Confederate soldiers Buch an 
admirable and accurate record of the days that "tried 
men's souls." The typography, the illustrations, and 
the whole "get-up" of the paper, leave nothing to be 
desired. The editorials and letters of correspondents 
are full of interest to one who took part in the strug- 
gle to preserve the constitutional rights of the States. 

I am yours with all good wishes. 

Lt. Gen, S. D. bee, Agricultural College, Miss. : I con- 
sider your last two issues as splendid, and had made 

up my mind to write you especially com riding the 

February number. The material is just what it ought 
to be, and 1 wish you eminent success in your work. 
I wish you had started such a monthly ten years ago. 

A singular publication appeared recently in the New 
Vork World. It is dated as a telegram at Atlanta, and 
said, "Judge Samuel 15. llcrit, who is now seriously ill 
at Suwanee Springs, Fla., while reclining upon his 
bed to-day," etc. He then goes on to repeal what 
Mr. Stephens is reported to have said about the Hamp- 
ton Roads Conference, viz., that Mr. Lincoln would 
agree to any terms the South would make, provided! 
the Union was restored. How a correspondent in At- 
lanta could hear a conversation that day in Florida 
strengthens doubt concerning reports which are so 
resolutely denied. Of one thing all honest men must 
agree, that Mr. Davis believed that the cause of the 
South would ultimately prevail. 






In consequence of the rapid growth of the I nited 
■Confederate Veterans, the department east of the Mis- 
sissippi River, formerly commanded by the late Gen. 

E. Kirby-Smith, will, al the Birmingham 1 stii 

the Federation, probably be divided into two, and maj 
be three, departments, and in view of Bucb possible 
Legislation it may be well, and can certainly do no 
harm, to consider the following suggestions. It seems 
.to me that the territory easl of the Mississippi River 
should be divided into three departments, as follows: 

1. The "Atlantic" Department, representing in the 
main the Armyol Northern Virginia, and comprising 
the States of Smith Carolina, North Carolina, Vir- 
ginia, West Virginia, Maryland, the District 
lumbia, and the Northern States easl of Ohio, to be 
commanded by either of the distinguished Generals, 
Wade Hamilton, of South Carolina, or Fitzhugb Lee, 
of Virginia, 

■_'. The "Gulf" department, largely representing the 
Army of Tennessee, and composed of the States ol 
Tennessee, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi and 
Louisiana, to be commanded bj our of the 1 minent 
Generals, W. II. JackBon, of Tennessee, or Stephen D. 
Lee, of Mississippi. 

3. The "Northern" Department, embracing Ken- 
tucky and the Northern States easl of the Mississippi 
River and wesl ol Pennsylvania, to be commanded by 
Gen. S. B. Buckner, of Kentucky. 

At present I command the provisional department 
<>f the North, comprising the States of Kentucky, 
WY-t Virginia, Maryland, the District of Columbia 
and the Northern States east ol the Mississippi River, 
and having in a manner introduced and organized thi 
I'. ('. V. where possible therein. 1 think it propitious 
to divide my department, and in fact all the territory 
easl of saiil river, as outlined above, and to pla 
command the most distinguished and popular of the 
living Confederate Generals, that the F. ('. Y. Federa- 
tion may receive the benefit of their official Connection 
with it as members high in command. 

The " Trans- M ississippi " 1 department should remain 
as now organized, with its several divisions, in the 
large State of Texas, where the I'. ('. V. membership 
is SO numerous as to make Mich an organization not 
only possible, hut advantageous and desirable; and 
(Jen. \Y. I,. Cabell, who has done so much toward re- 
cruiting the Federation and perfecting its organiza- 
tion, should he made a full < ifiH fa 1 in recognition of 
his services: and besides retaining his departmental 
command, he should be made second in command to 
the illustrious Gordon, who, for the present, a1 
ought to he kept at the head of the Federation. 

The reason for making a fourth permanent depart- 
ment by adding Kentucky to the Northern States pre- 
viously designated is, that thereby there will be em- 
braced a first-class division of living Confederates 
with the scattered Camps throughout Northern States; 
and, all being under the command of the officer hav- 
ing charge of the many thousands of dead Southern 
soldiers buried at Indianapolis, Columbus, .lohnson's 

Island, Chicago. Madison. Rock Island. Alton, etc., 
he will, by Buch means, l"- the better enabled to <:ire 
for their graves and the cemetery grounds in which 
they are located. 

The C. C. V. Federation having become a great or- 
ganization throughout all the Southern States and the 
entire country where Confederate veterans are resi- 
dent, 1 believe the present to be the proper time for 
bringing to the front the greatest pos-il>le number of 
the living Confederate heroes who, b« their 

illustrious deeds, possess extraordinary military re- 
nown, ami thereby will be enabled to work the ad- 
vancement of the Federation more successfully than 
if they were less distinguished personag 

Personally, 1 have lost none of my enthusiasm, zeal 
and willingness to labor for the advancement of the 
movement, but, recognizing the advantage to be de- 
rived by placing the Generals named in command, 1 
am perfectly willing to surrender my department com- 
mand to tin' chivalric Buckner. I do not think that 
the selection of division commanders should be made 
alone on the basis oi the past honorable services and 
Cm military renown of officers, but more particularly 
on account of the availability of the men and I 
activity ami enthusiasm in recruiting and otherwise" 
working for the Federation. 

i. gain, the life of the organization is undoubtedly 

1 in the annual meetings of the regular council 

of the Federation and general reunion of veterans 

from all sections of the Southern country, and in fur- 
therance of such necessity a centrally located and 
thoroughly Southern city should be sib, ted a- the 
permanent headquarters of the Federation. With 
that object I would suggest New Orleans as the most 
advantageously located point, and the week previous 
to "Mardi < . r.i- " as the propitious time for holding 
such annual reunions. By such a course the meetings 
of the us would always take place in a large, 

conveniently located city, commodious in its appoint- 
ments, liberal in its hospitality, and lavish in its truly 
Southern pulsations. By selecting the time named 
for the reunions, the veterans and their families could 
enjoy the Mardi Gras festivities, meet during the most 
nil month of the year in the South, and easily 
avail themselves of the half rate for round transporta- 
tion, always made for tie New < Irleans Mardi Gras oi - 
ns throughout the whole South and larger por- 
tion of the North, and thereby insure a greater at! 
ance than could possibly be obtained any other way. 

I trust that these suggestions will : uch favor 

as to secure place in your valuable column-. 


Notices of a few of the many brave men of the Con- 
federate Army have appeared in your columns. I 
send you a record of on* whose name 1 have forgotten, 
if I ever learned it. in the burly burly of the day. ami 
I write with the hope that the recital of the incident 
may recall it to sonic- of the actors in the scene. 

About eight or ten days before Gen. Lee evacuated 
the lines at Petersburg he had been preparing for the 
inevitable by throwing boards across the trenches, 
covering them with earth and blankets, and quietly 
withdrawing his guns from the lines. These were 
parked near the reservoirat Petersburg, and the prepar- 
ations would have been completed for a successful re- 
treat if the judgment of the President had not 



ruled that "t' the < leneral. I >eserters, however, reported 
these preparations to the enemy, and they opened a 
fire upon us that lasted some time before we made any 
reply. When our batteries and mortars responded the 
enemy concluded that they had beeD deceived. A 
South Carolina battery was stationed about where the 
plank road crossed our Lines, and it did splendid serv- 
ice. A Lieutenant was in command of the guns, and 
in the heat of the fight a shell fell a shorl distance in 
advance of this officer, and plowed up the ground un- 
der him, so that he Beemed to have had hi- Legs cut 
off as he fell into the hole. As he sunk down he no- 
ticed that i in i of his guns hung fire; he gave the com- 
mand which sent the proper man to the front of the 
gun with his priming wire, and 1" fore he touched the 
vent the gun was discharged, and nunc of the gunners 
were hurt. 1 have often told the story as an evidence 
of the cool gallantry of an officer who saved the Lives 
or limbs of his men, whin he thought himself to be 
ally wounded. He escaped, however, unhurt. 
What is his name? 



I >in- iif the nmst interesting incidents of the winter 
hi 1892 -93 tn tin- veterans of Charleston has been the 
in nvery of the long lost regimental colors of the Lsl 
Regiment Snath Carolina Regular Artillery and their 
presentation by the surviving officers of that command 
to the city of < lharleston. 

In the rarly days of the civil war the ladies of 
Charleston, by the hands of Mrs. Gen. R. S. Ripley, 
gave a handsome silk Hag to the artillerists who then 
garrisoned Fort Moultrie. During the bombardment 
of Fort Sumter the hot shot fired from Moultrie 
caused Mai. Anderson's surrender of Fort Sumter to 
tin- Confederates, April 1:1, '(',1. A detachment of 
these artillerists was then placed in charge of Fort 
Sumter, and was thenceforth known as the 1st Regi- 
ment South Carolina Regular Artillery. The flag 
w<nt with them, and was used daily on parade. 

Iron-plated ships of war are now in use all over the 
world, hut they were first tried in Charleston harbor, 
April 7, 1863, when Ericsson's fleet of monitors at- 
tacked Fort Sumter. They were confident that they 
would take Charleston, hut our artillerists gave them 
sin-h a warm reception that in the course of two hours 
the much vaunted iron-clad fleet withdrew from the 
contest badly worsted. 

Fighting for Charleston began again on July Id, 
L863, and the guns of Sumter were employed by day 
and by night until that fortress was reduced to the 
condition of a silent, dismantled earthwork, when it 
was placed in charge of an infantry guard, and the 
artillerists were withdrawn and sent to man other 
I latteries around the harhor, after forty-eight days of 
continuous service, ex posed to hunger and great fatigue. 
(o n. Ilea u regard, in recognition of their services, issued 
the following complimentary order: 

Charleston, S. C, August 27, 1863. General — The 
Commanding (leneral has witnessed with genuine 
pride and satisfaction the defense made of Fort Sum- 
ter by Col. Rhett, his officers and the men of the 1st 

Regiment Smith Carolina Regular Artillery, noble 
fruits ot' the discipline, application to their duties, 
and the soldierly bearing of officers and men, and of 
the organization of the regiment. In the annals of 
war no stouter defense wa- ever made, and no work 
ever before encountered as formidable a bombardment 
as that under which Fort Sumter has been suco --- 
fully held. Respectfully your obedient servant, 

Tim ma- Jordan, Chief of Staff. 
To Brig. Gen. Ripley, Commanding First Military 
District Smith Carolina. Charleston, S. C. 

When Charleston was evacuated in 1865, Lieut. Col. 
Yates, who commanded the regiment (Col. Alfred 
Rhett being in command of the brigade of regulars), 
Left the flag in Charleston, no other flag than the 
Confederate battle flag being allowed in the field, 
Upon his return to that city, after the surrender of 
Johnston's army, he was informed that the llag had 
been hidden in a garret for sale keeping, and had been 
destroyed by rats. Recently it was found in the 
hands of a relic seller, ami was immediately bought 
by two of the officers of the 1st Artillery for $100. 

Col. Yates 1 widow resides in Bessemer, Ala., with 
her daughter, Mrs. Roberts, who was born on the 13th 
of April, 1861, and was baptized Belle Sumter, in 
memory of her father's participation in the capture of 
Fort Sumter. No sooner did these noble women hear 
of the finding of the old flag than they claimed the 
right as Col. Yates' representatives to hear the expense 
of procuring it for the city of Charleston, and for- 
warded the money for that purpose. The recovered 
emblem of the 1st Regiment South Carolina Regular 
Artillery was then formally presented to the City 
Council, and has been placed alongside of tin full 
length portrait of Gen. Beauregard, and just above 
Charleston's proudest historical treasure, the sword of 
Lean regard. 


REV. J. ii. m', nasmvii.le, tknn. 

( >ne of the pressing needs of our whole country is a 
history of the United States, for schools and for popu- 
lar use, written from the Southern standpoint. We 
do not want a prejudiced, partisan account of our po- 
litical and social life, and of our civil war, hut a clear, 
vivid story of the difficulties, efforts and growth of 
our people, in the light of those great ideas and prin- 
ciples which controlled the actions of Southern states- 
men from the origin of the Republic. 

Hitherto Northern men have written the history, 
ami naturally in the light of Northern ideas and prin- 
ciples. < »f course our great civil war has been treated 
as a "wicked and causeless rebellion," as a war stirred 
up by a few ambitious spirits for personal ends, and 
for the maintenance and extension of the institution 
of slavery. < >ur children arc taught to Relieve that we 
were rebels and traitors against "the best government 
the world ever saw." Now, a movement so widespread, 
so nearly unanimous, and which called forth the en- 

i husiast ii de\ oti md I he heroic efforts of millions 

of people for four years, is not causeless. But the 
causes lie far hack in our history. The contest was 
between two different conceptions of the nature of our 
government. The Southern people made their des- 
perate struggle to maintain the government which 



they believed its founders established. When they 
were defeated they accepted in good faith the govern- 
ment as it now is, and are loyal to it, but they do not 
believe that it is the government according to the idea 
of tlic framers of the Constitution. It may turn .nit 
to be better. Certainly they have do idea of trying to 
establish by force their idea ol State's rights But 
thej will always contend that they fought for the 
Constitutional rights of the people, as originally guar- 
anteed to them. 

Now, the histories written by Southern men, as far 

as 1 have seen, do not set forth clearly the idea and 

purpose which animated the South in all the years 

I Mil i, when it con trolled the government. Our 

historians are usually content to give our side of the 

civil war, with soi f the causes that led up to it; 

but for all the period preceding that fearful co 
they differ little from Northern writers. 

How few of our children know that Jamestown, 
Virginia, was settled before the Pilgrim Fathers came 
to this country, or that the vast domain which forms 
four-fifths of the United State- was won by Southern 
men, or that slavery was forced upon this country by 
England, seconded by New England, or that in I860 
one-tenth of the slaves were communicants in churches. 

\\ hat we need is a histon of the country from the 
beginning, which shall show the wonderful part the 
South had in its conquest and development, and the 
patriotic spirit and gnat sacrifices made by the South 
for the Union. It can only be written h\ one in thor- 
ougn Sympathy with the idea- of the South, a- u 

with thorough knowledge of the great facts of history. 

The history of this country to the close of the civil 

war is not the "History of the Rise and Fall of the 

slave Power," as Vice President Wilson wrote it, hut 

the history of the overthrow of the Constitution a- it 
was originally adopted. While giving hearty devo- 
tion to the government as it now is, and while labor- 
ing to make it a glory and a blessing to the world, we 
yet owe it to our ancesters, ami to our dead, to .show- 
in history that government, as w e believe it was in- 
tended by its framers. and as it made BUch wonderful 
progress under our administration of it until the op 
posing idea triumphed. 

Upon our Confederate veterans lies the duty of 
securing this vindication o( their cause from tie 
of all our past history. We owe it to our fath 
ourselves and to our children that the history of our 
common country should not he left to be told by thos< 
wdio arc out of sympathy with our spirit ami princi- 
ples, and so are unable to dojustice to our motives or 
actions; and who therefore fail to record the glorious 
part we had in winning and developing the country, 
and fail to understand the meaning of the heroic strug- 
gle we made, not to preserve slavery, hut to preserve 
our rights under the Constitution. 


Map .1. W. Thomas, President of the Nashville, Chat- 
tanooga <& St. Louis Railway, one of the most important 
systems in the country, and noted for its success and 
popularity, responded to a toast given to Alabama 
Guests, in Nashville recently. The event was brought 
about hy the Nashville Board of Trade, and in compli- 
ment to business men and their families living be- 
tween the Tennessee and Coosa Rivers in Alabama. 

"Upon my return from New York ye-tenlay. 1 
found my friends of the Board of Trade had compli- 
mented me with an invitation to address you upon 
the Nashville, Chattanooga & St. Louis Railway. I 
presume they thought as I hail been connected with 
that road for thirty- five years, I might he able to ti 
something about it, or, it is more probable they thought 

as 1 had been on that road SO long I did not know 

anything 1 shall not. however, speak of the 

Nashville,* hattanooga & St. Louis Railway, hut shall 
-peak oi' a more remarkable railroad, the Tenn< ssee & 

-a, upon t he line of which 01 A 

d oi' which was felt and appreciated eighty 

rs before it was built. After the slaughter at Ft. 
.Minims, volunteer- w I tor and 2,500 Teni 

scans responded. A leadei was needi d, and ' rovernor 
Blount asked Jackson, who was confined at tic II 
mitage with a broken arm from Benton's bullet, if he 
would take charge of the volunteers. Jackson re] died. 
" It's no time for a man to he Bick when hi- country 
needs his services, and I will . ive to be carried 

on i Jackson with his ssed the 

Tennessei Rivei near Gunter's Landing and marched 
aero-- thi Mountain to Double Springs, now Gadsdi 
and he -o felt the need of thi- road, that in 1813, he 

immended the building of a road 
wat. rs of the Ti ! md in 1819, 

an appropriation was made by Co to aid in 1 

; of this road, which howevei was not 
chartered until 1844, not commenced until 1854, and 
not coi. 'itil 1893 1- d not remarkable that 

the need of this little road wat ghty years bef< 

it was built, and -■ car- before there «:.- 

mile of railroad in the United Stat'-, and that forty 

hould elapse during it- cohstruction, lor. 
than the people of Nashville have been waiting for a 
Union Depot? [Applause]. It is remarkable, too, 
from the t.nt tliat it connects more mile- of w 
transportation than any road of equal length in the 
World. The water-ways Connected by this little road, 
furnish wat' >ortation 1" more than one-half of 

tlic State- of thi- great country, and in length more 
than three times across the Atlantic ( icean. A steam- 
boat leaving Guntersville, down the Tent *hio 
and Mississippi Rivers to New Orleans, through the 

Gulf, Up the Alabama and COOSS Uivr- to Cadsden. 
would make a distance Of Over 1,600 mile-, and lack 
only thirty-seven miles of reaching the starting point. 

"Thi- little road i markable from the topog- 

raphy of the country through which it run-: h:r- i - 
Gunter's Landing, we pass five miles through a valley, 
then climb the mountain over rugged cliffs and deep 
ravine- seven mile-, until an altitude of 1,040 feel IS 
reached : thence along the table land- with fine timl 
and well tilled farms ten mile-, and then descend 
through a narrow gorge known a- the Dungeon, on 
Ount of the rugged wall- on either side, through 
which Line Creek runs and over which we pass four- 
teen times, until Wills Valley is reached, through 
which we go nine miles to Gadsden, at the southern 
base of Lookout Mountain. 

"This road is also remarkable for the products of 
the section through which it passes; corn, wheat, cot- 
ton and fruits ai I in abundance, and there are 
also large deposits of coal, iron ore and magnificent 
forests of timber. So diversified are the product* 
this section, it ha- been said that the people along this 
line make what they live on, and live on what they 



make The annual product of cotton ia about 25,000 
bales, and the annual trade about 17,000,000, and it is 
this tiade which the merchants of Nashville should 
endeavor to secure, by offering the best goods at the 

Lowest prices, and the Nashville, Chattanooga & St. 

Louis Railway will aid them to do so. by giving the 
lowesl possible rates. We shall endeavor, not only to 
bind these sections together with bars of steel, hut with 

the stronger and more enduring honds of mutual 



The Veteran presents to its readers the picture and 
», short sketch of this young lady, who has done so 
pouch for the Veteran, and who is so prominently 
identified with the great organization of the United 
Confederate Association. 

M iss Childress' family are originally from Nashville, 
Tenn. She was horn in New Orleans, and is the 
.daughter of a veteran. Her father, Mr. Geo. P. Chil- 
dress, was a mem- 
ber of Scott's Cav- 
alry, and served in 
the army from the 
beginning to the 
end of the war. 
Like many other 
Southern women, 
to whom the war 
is as a dream, she 
is an ardent be- 
liever in the sa- 
cred principles 
her father and 
friends fought for, 
is a worshipper of 
the memories of 
the "lost cause," 
and is devoted to 
the story of its 
victories and de- 
feats, and the val- 
or of its brave sol- 
diers and heroic 



Possessed of a good mind, well educated, being an 
expert in figures, a rapid and tireless worker, she is a 
very valuable assistant in the organization of such a 
great enterprise. She had exceptional advantages for 
this peculiar work, having assisted Adj't Gen. Moor- 
man through all his labors in the organization of the 
Veteran Confederate States Cavalry Association, which 
was bis conception, and embraced a division in each 
Southern State, commanded by a Vice-President, with 
one President commanding the body. That organiza- 
tion was effected by him in L888, and the two great 
covalry reunions, under his direction, took place in 
New Orleans in 1888 and 1889, bringing together vet- 
erans from every State. Miss Childress, as stenogra- 
pher and Secretary, assisted in these memorable reun- 
ions, familiarizing herself with names and places of 
all leading veterans. When Gen. Moorman was ap- 
pointed Adj't to Gen. Gordon he at once secured her 

valuable services, and to which duties she has applied 
herself ever since with the devotion of an Eastern wor- 
shiper. She reported the proceedings of our last great 
reunion at New ( Orleans. 

A sketch of Gen. Moorman was requested, with pic- 
ture, and lie replied: " I do not send mine, as I natu- 
rally feel modest about it. My work will speak for 
me — only thirty-three Camps when 1 took hold, now 
over live hundred. I have done it simply out of my 
devotion to and love of the old veterans and our glo- 
rious cause. 

S. \V. Meek, Manager and Treasurer Southwestern 
Publishing House, Nashville, Tenn., January 1, 1894: 
In answer to request for verification to your assertion 
that you have the most influential publication in the 
South, I would say that my only experience has been 
with your advertising department. 1 have used nearly 
every large paper in the South, and the Veteran is the 
best medium that I have used. 

Books Supplied by S. A. Cunningham, 
Nashville, Tenn. 

John Esten Cook's complete works, time payments. $9. 

"The .Southern Cross," by Mrs. L. K. Messenger. $1. 

"Four Years in the Stonewall Brigade," by .1. (). Casler, $2. 

"That Old-Time Child Roberta," by Mrs. Sophie FoxLea,$l. 

"Immortelles," by Maj. S. K. Phillips, Chattanooga, 50 cents. 

"The Other Side," a thrilling poem of 300 lines, by Virginia 
Frazier Boyle, Mr. Davis being her theme. SI. 

"Sketch of the Battle of Franklin, and Reminiscences of 
Camp Douglas," by John M. Copley. $1. 

"How It Was, or lour Years With the Rebel Army," a 
thrilling story by Mrs. Irby Morgan, of Nashville. This is a 
charming hook. $1. 

"Hancock's Diary, or History of the Second Tennessee Cav- 
alry. A large octavo hook, wit ii many portraits and biographic 
sketches. The frontispiece is a tine steel engraving of Gen. 
N. B. Forrest. $2.60. 

"Bright Skies ami Dark Shadows," by Henry M. Field, I). I). 
$1.50. This book comprises a series of It-tiers on the South. 
Fifty pages are devoted lo the battle of Franklin, and the au- 
thor is especially complimentary to this editor. The closing 
chapters are on stonewall Jackson and Robert E. bee. 

"The Civil War." 

(Jen. Stephen I >. bee, Agricultural College, Mississippi, 
writes to Mrs. Ann E. Snyder, author of "The Civil War": 
Your history has very important information in it. The facts 
are pleasantly and Strongly presented, and I think it should be 
used as a supplementary reader in all classes studying the his- 
tory of the civil war. 

Confederate Veterans' Reunion, Birmingham, 

Ala., April 25-26, 1894. 

The Richmond & Danville Railroad and the Georgia Pacific 
Railway will make special reduced rate of one fare for the 

round trip for all persons attending the Confederate Veterans' 

Reunion at Birmingham, Ala.. 26th and L'tith of this month. 

This is going to be a great gathering of the oil soldiers and 
their friends, and the people of Birmingham are expecting 
many thousands to be in attendance. 

The Richmond A Danville and the Georgia Pacific are mak- 
ing preparations to handle the veterans from all along the line 
in Virginia, the Carolinas, Georgia Alabama and Mississippi, 
and the low rate of one fare offered makes it within reach of 
all to enjoy the great pleasures on that occasion. 

Call on ticket agents of the lines named for full information 


Qopfederat^ l/eterap. 

Published Monthly in the lnn,\ ^* r 8t ^Wif^' <7/V Veterans and Kindred Topics. 

Price, $1.00 pkr Year. | \r_i tt 
lOcts. a Copy. | * Ol. li. 

Nashville, Tenn., May, 1894. 




The young lady represents) i 
Btates al tlie reunion oi United Con- 
tederate Veterans al Birmingham, are 

8R follow S 

The top row of five in picture, from 
left to right. 

A \mi: McDoUG si i>. Ga. 
CARBla < '01 HBAN, Alii. 

Lizzie Ci.arkk, Va. 
Eleanor Graa bb, Ky. 
Ei 1/ 1 iiki n Paw o, Kla. 

The middle row of five, from 
left to right 

1.1 I I \ M"\ I »GI B, Mil. 
l'.TT S Mill IIKI I . Ml8S. 
A HI ! I 1 I VI St 

I. \ri; s I'.. . \ t. |. \as. 
\ o \ \ iswis, La. 

is., lower ill front. 

A dei k Mi Murray, Tenn. 
r.i 98ii Hbndi rsov, N. C. 

This list does not comprise all 
who were selected bat simply 
lit and par- 



m In Quantity, Quality, stvli 
and Price, of th.-ir 

Watches Retailed at Wholesale ricts 


Diamonds, Watches, Jewelry, 


Class and Society Badges and Gold Medals a Specialty 

Price 25 ett. 



JAMES B. CARR, Manager. 


131 Gay Street, KNOXVILLE. TENN., 

Proposes to sell to the n adei - i 
the VbtbkXn, a watch of anj <i 
-■■i 1 1 ii it >ii ai w ii< ilesa le prlce.w b l< 
less than tl lej •■■■ 
In boughi from any retal i dealer, 
Such an offer Is not made i \ era 
rtaj and you may not meel with 
this opportunity again, so do not 

delay, but seud al <»i for price 

list. Every watch warranted :i* 
-. n ted and will be sen tto any 
address C.O. D., with prlvilegi o! 
examining before'paj Ing. 




will be given to any charitable institution in Nashville, 

— if it is not a fact that — 




did have, in the pasl 12 months, more h ritten applications for Bookkeepers 
ami Stenographers than any other Business College in Middle Tennessee 
has had for past ten years. 

Comparison invited. It has more, stronger and better indorse- 
ments from merchants and bookkeepers than any other Business College 
in the South. 

Four weeks by Draughon's method of bookkeeping is equal to I welve 
by the old plan. Positions guaranteed, under certain conditions Eleven 
teachers. Six hundred students in the past year. No vacation. Enter any 
time. Cheap board. Senil for free (Hi-page catalogue. Address 

i. F. DRAUGHON, President, Nashville, Tenn. 

N. H. \\V have recently prepared hooks on Bookkeeping, Shorthand 
and Penmanship, especially adapted to " Home Study." Sent on 
sixty days trial. Hundreds have been benefited hundreds of dollars 

by ordering our publications. Why not you? 
Address as above. 

/ ^SSsy/tCS' 

Oldest Association and Best Fair In the State. 




September 11 - 16, '94. 

*5,ooo.ookIvi-h in premiums, purses and prizes. 

Three trotting and pacing races per day. 


IfOn account of its nearness to the battlefield 
of Stone will lie specially attractive 
to war veterans, ah 'lay trains stop at the 
grounds during Fair week. Grounds situated 
Just one mile from the historic town of Mur- 
freesboro, and cannot be excelled for beauty. 
AddrcRS .1. W. SPARKS, ,1k., the Secretary 
at Murfreesboro, for an attractive catalogue. 








Whitehall and Alabama Streets. 


Circulars and Catalogues Mailed Free to Any Address. 


Zbe IRasbville Hmerican, 

THE VETERAN and its Souvenir, 


The old, old American, ever true to the people of the South, under Its new management with 
Hon. J. M. Head, President, continues its helpful influence to the Veteran In the liberal 
spirit manifested by the above club rate. 

Qotyfedera t^ l/eterap. 

Published Monthly in the Interest of Confederate Veterans and Kindred Topics. 

Prick, 10 Cents. I \7 ~\ TT 
Yearly, 81. f VOL II. 

Nashville, Tenn., May, 1S94. 

■VT_ . rs. A. ( lNNINUHAM, 
1-NU. 5. \ Proprietor. 

Entered at the Pofltoffloe, Nashville. Tenn.. as seconil-elass matter 
Advertisements: Two dollars per inch one time, or 8*20 a year, ex- 
cept last page. One page, one time, apodal, WO. Dlsoount: Half year, 
one-issue; one year, two Issues. Tins is an Increase on former rate. 
Contributors will please be diligent to abbreviate. The spai 

important for any thing ttiat has not special merit. 

The date to subscriptions is alwaya given to the month bt 
eii'ls. lor instance. If tin- Vktf.ras be ordered to begin with Janu- 
ary, tin- date on mall list will he December, and the subscriber enti- 
tled to that Dumber. 

Though men deserve, they may not win BUI 

The i, rave will honor the i 'rave, vanquished none the less. 


Many beautiful testimonials to the merit of the 
Souvenir have been received, ami extracts of commen- 
dation would he cordially approved by patrons M 
present bul one testimonial is given. It i- from Mr. 
John C. Latham, Jr., of the well-known Southern Hank- 
ing House in New York. Latham, Alexander & Co 
In sending a yearly advertisement to the Vbti 
the extraordinary complimenl is paid it. being al- 
most the only journal used by that firm to advertise 
in a quarter century. They advertise annually by a 
Buperb volume tilled with valuable cotton statistics. 
etc. Mr. Latham erected, at a cost of about ten thou- 
sand dollars, a few years ago, a monument to the "un- 
known dead" in the cemetery at his old home. Hop- 
kinsvjlle. Ky. In a congratulatory letter about the 
Souvenir, he says: " You are doing an excellent Berv- 
iee iii thus attractively compiling the records of those 
memorable days when romance and tragedy combined 
under the name of the Civil War to make the most 
eventful epoch in American history. Your magazine 
must commend itself to every surviving Confederate 

The Souvenir is due to all subscribers who pay $1. 
Those who paid 50 cents will, on renewal at the dollar, 
he entitled to it as lone; as the edition lasts. 

Tin State Association of the Sons of Confederate 
Veterans of Alabama, organized April 26th at Bir- 
mingham, is composed of wide-awake, energetic voung 
men. who will do a good work in perpetuating the 
memory of their fathers' valor. The Veteran would 
like to print a full report of the organization, but it is 
unable to give the required space this issue. That the 
Association will be a success goes without saying, with 
such officers as Commander Rufus K. Rhodes, In- 
spector General Roundtree, Second Brigadier General 
R. P. Kelly and others. 

I\ ■ onversation with Judge George I!. Sage, United 

States District Judge tor the Southern district of 
Ohio, who is now holding Court in Nashville, he 
>aid that he was quite interested in an article in 
the last number of the CONFEDERATE Veteran un- 
der the title "The Name of Our War." The Judge 
1 it -truck him that it would be very ditlicult to 
lix upon any new name that would be generally recog- 
nized and adopted, and that, in his view, "The Re 
hellion" wa- the best and strongest nam. lb said 
there wa- something sturdy ami brave and manly in I 
word "Rebel," and that it indicated one who had the 
courage of his convictions and was ready to tight for 
them; that he never liked the term "Confederate" 
because, especially to a lawyer, there was a suggestion 
of something concealed or furtive or in tie nature of 

a conspiracy about it. while "Rebellion" was open 
ami abovi -board. 

The Judge further remarked that the difference be- 
tween Rebellion and Revolution was simply the dif- 
Failure and success; that the govern- 
ment of the United state- wa- born of rebellion and 
baptized in repudiation; that our forefatl all 

rebels until they -u and the war they waged 

was a Rebellion until by then they made it a 

Revolution. 11. -aid that of course he was not think- 
ing of the terms Rebellion and Rebel as expressive of 
derision or reproach, but simply as difinitive of tie 
leal condition. 
In the same conversation with the distinguished 
itleman — he was an old line Whig, ami is a con- 
servative Republican — he related these singular facte 
" The oath of office was administered to me by United 
Stat.- Judge Hammond, of Memphis then holding 
court in Cincinnati', on the 7th of April, L883, the 
anniversary of the battle of Shiloh, in which Judge 
Hammond fought on the Southern side. When Lord 
Coleridge, Chief Justice of England, was making the 
tour of the United States in the fall of that year he 
Stated, at Cincinnati, that Queen Victoria would ha 
made Mr. Judah P. Benjamin, Confederate iry 

of State, who went to England after the war and en- 
gaged in the practice of law, a judge of the Chic, i 
Bench but for the suggestion by Mr. Gladstone that it 
might be regarded by the United Si an un- 

friendly act. When the fact that the iron clad oath of 
e had that very year been administered to me by 
United States Judge Hammond, an ex-Rebel, was men- 
tioned to Lord Coleridge, he was greatly surprised and 
gratified, and said that such a thing could not happen 
in any country on the globe except the United St 





For many months I have believed that should an 
emergency come one thousand persons would volun- 
teer to furnish five dollars each as substantia] support 
1" the Veteran. There are more than a thousand in 
arrears now on subscription account, and, besides, ex- 
- are crushing these had times. Thousands of 
comrades seem to have forgotten the countersign, and 
the Sergeants have neglected roll call, although twice 
summoned. Now, comrades, this won't do. 

Attention! Note this extraordinary fact: This lit- 
tle Veteran is commended officially, yea, sacredly, 
by more organizations of noble men than has ever 
any periodical, no doubt, in history. Refer to 
the list comprising nearly three pages, with but our 
line to an organization, with many more to come, and 
think of the thousands all over the South who. after 
bending the stiffened knee in prayer during their busi- 
i -- proceedings, while providing Cor afflicted com- 
rades and other sacred duties, say, upon their love of 
i ountry and sacred honor, that the Confederate Vet- 
eran deserves the support of all good men. Think, 
then, of your duty. Are you getting the Veteran 
: nd letting the time for renewal pass month after 
month without a word in explanation'.' Don't you 
know that disaster would follow quickly upon such 

Comrade, answer, '"Here!" If you can't pay say 
so. There are about 500 whose subscriptions are in 
single wrappers, and with the wrapper goes tin- date 
of subscription. If yon have neglected to observe the 
date write at once for information. All others can 
tell at a glance below their names whether it is time 
to renew. Now for a remembrance roll : 

1 appeal for a thousand volunteers who will furnish 
$5 with six name- to whom the Souvenir | now ready i 
and VETERAN lor a year may he sent. To you who 
have supplied many subscriptions, as well as to you 
who have done nothing beyond paying your own sub- 
scription, 1 appeal to write me at once and say that 
you will secure a half dozen subscribers within thirty 
days and remit So for the six. Are you too busy to 
attend to it? If so, confer with friends and decide 
upon some one who ought to have the VETERAN hut 
can't pay for it, and see that he or she secures live 
subscriptions at 81 each, and an extra copy will be 
sent to him or her free, including Souvenir. 

Friend, this is to you. Please send your name for 
my remembrance book. I couldn't tell you in a sin- 
gle Veteran the good that would come through such 
co-operation. Your general co-operation is necessary 
now. Your co-operation can, in a week, place the 
Veteran in royal attitude from a husiness standpoint. 
To you, good friends, who. have already done much, 

write me. if only to Bay you can do no more. 
To you who have done nothing hut hand fifty cuts 
to a voluntary solicitor, please come to the front now 
and send your name to be entered on my remembrance 
hook, saying you will secure six subscriptions and 
-end 15 right away, 'fie- Souvenir to 1.,- sent as above. 
Let there he no exceptions in this appeal, [f each 

friend of the VETERAN will do what he or she can to 

promote its interests during the first week in June, in- 
cluding the ninth, and report by'that day. the result 
will put the Veteran on a ha<is commene 
with its high indorsement throughout the South. 
Comrades, brothers, friends, will yov act in this 
ter? Will vnr write and report, if only to say you 
could do nothing in the time designated? You was 
asked to write five letters to advertisers in last Vet- 
eran. If you did so report it. and a year's subscrip- 
tion will he credited to anyone you will name. [£ 
this co-operation he given I can make the Veteran 
far better than it has yet been. .May I have from YOU 
the letter containing assurance of your continued de- 
votion to the greatest of issues in our generation? The 
Vetehan, by such co-operation, would glisten in the 
sunlight of truth, and its popularity would make it 
an honor to Southern and to American patriotism. 
Answer, "Here! " 


Gen. John ('. Underwood sends out under date of 
May 11th. special order No. 1, in which he states that 
owing to the fact that the monument erected over the 
Confederate dead buried in Oakwood's Cemetery, 
Chicago, has a debt upon it of nearly $2,500; and be- 
cause of late subscriptions to the said monument fund 
by various (amps. r. ('. V., aggregating over $1,800, 
with promises of enough more to enable the -paying 
off' of all obligations, when collections shall have 
been made, it is deemed expedient to defer the dedi- 
catory ceremonies. ''Therefore, the public dedication 
of the Confederate monument in Oakwood's Ceme- 
tery is hereby postponed, from May 30, 1894, as origin- 
ally contemplated, until such time as the structure 
shall befr f debt." 

Map. J. B. Briggs, Commander of the John W. Cald- 
well Camp I'. C. V. at llussellville, Ky., reports assur- 
ing plans for a reunion of the Orphan Brigade at 
Russellville, Sept. 4th. The organization includes 
Morgan's Cavalry. Commander Briggs was directed 
by the Camp to invite the Tennessee [ )i vision of Con- 
federate soldiers specially as its organization has ever 
been embraced in its annual and official reports. Ar- 
rangements are being made for a royal entertainment 
to every Confederate who can be then'. 

Col. R. B. Coleman, of Me A lister, Indian Territory, 
reports the death of Comrade Treadaway, who served 
in the 4th Mississippi Cavalry and was a member of 
the l". C. Y. Camp at McAlister. 





It was the purpose of the Veteran to print, in 
ular order, the proceedings of the Tinted Veterans at 
Birmingham, official. Request was made of 1 
Moorman, who did not reply, but a few days since the 
- cretary wrote that his "accident was of a most seri- 
ous nature, and unless the greatest care is exerted he 
will lose his eye-sight." Cause of accident oot given. 

Reasons are given elsewhere why a full, fresh, spir- 
ited i< was I1( ,i prepared at the time. The notee 
that do appear, however, will be inti f them- 
selves, and ere long it is expected that all the trans- 

tions of importance will Hud place in the Veteran. 

It is with pride and gratitude that this number will 
contain sketches and pictures of comrades who, from 
the body of the I tion, secured thi opportunity 

for the brotherhood to declare it- wish in behalf of 
this little periodical. The precise record ha- ! 

mpiled through much expensi and care. It was 
fully intended to give thi leading points in the report 
of Historical Committee, hut a revised reporl has not 
been procured. 

I M'.l I \l \ I \ I ERT \1\MI N I \ I MIK WI'.W \M. 

Concerning the tableaux entertainment there was 
disappointment by the veterans, who exp< om- 

plimentary admission both niglits. It was so ordered 
the Becond night. The original purpose in charging 

admission was evidently for protection against an 
over-crowded audience, as well as for revenue. The 
receipts were about 11,600, with about - ipenees. 

The reunion cost about $2,500, aside of private help. 
The entertainment given in the two evening 
Wigwam was novel object lessons in history. Four- 
teen Southern states each sent an attractive young 
lady to take her place in the tableaux of the States. 
in the laudable desire to illustrate the history of 
1860-5, in the secession 1860-1. Then byanotherand 
most beautiful tableaux, representing the condition of 
the Confederate States after Lee crossed the Potomac 
from the disaster at Gettysburg. In this the eleven 
states appeared in deepest black. As the curtain rose 

they were seen working in sadness of spirit for the 

Boldiers in the army. Georgia had grown restive and 
threatened to withdraw, when beautiful Majestic Vir- 
ginia was seen to approach her sister State and gently 
draw her hack again. At the time the dead were be- 
ing brought home, a silver cross descended over the 
body, by which five of the afflicted States wen - 
to kneel, two at the foot and head each, one on the 
side, while the rest of the states, with eyes cast above, 
showed whence alone hope could come. It was an 
impressive, beautiful scene, and could not fail to illus- 
trate its meaning to those who remembered that event- 
ful time in our past. The ladies next appeared after 
the war was over, when reunited to Maryland. Ken- 
tucky and Missouri, appeared the "Solid South." In 
this picture each lady was dressed in the beautiful, 
simple Greek costume, with new hope — Peace in the 
Union. That there should he no lingering suspicion 
of disloyalty to the old Hag, the whole ended with a 

union of the gray and the blue. Maj. Tate, in an 
old. tattered Confederate uniform, resting his hand 
upon the stacked arms, with Maj. Hunter, G. A. R., in 
blue, on tlie other side. Above, and in the rear, with 
the stars and stripes unfurled, was thi- beautiful 
lumbia," resting her left hand on a shield of gold, on 
which was painted the eagle and coat of arms of the 
I'nited St 

This entertainmi md beautiful 

feature in future reunions :in ,| cannot fai 


('apt- (reed Milstead, of Ohio, had pn n ad- 

a- requested, hut -aw 1 ! ntion w 

busy he simply paid ! .re of his 

not. - 

I have been Burrounded, but this is the fin 

aptured, and if I had had the assuram 

ing the same hearty and generous treatment 
during the war that ha- been I me hv . 

you old sold • my arrival in Birmingham, I 

don't know hut what 1 should have let you scoop me 
up in my fir-t ent. 

Comrades, 1 am here in response to a cordial inv ita- 
ist June by your Honorable Adjutant 
mi. Moorman, of New Orleans, La., in whi< 
me earnest i with the I'nited Cot 

B, at thi- reunion He i me 

every assurance of receivings hearty welcome by the 
hrave survivors of the Southern Army. All of his 
promises have been more than verified. 

I am here to commingle with the hrave survivors of 
your army who marched and fought for a cause with 
a- holiest .on ,nd a- pure motive- a- were my 

own. But the primary cause of my coming here is to 
one of the bravest survivors of the Southern 
Army, a man. who to-day i^ fighting life's haul- 
one limb — the other he gai 
he loved. I allude to (apt. R. H. Phelps, of I. at. 

- whom I found on the field in the 1 
the battle near Lynchburg, Va., on June 17. 
Our go...! Chaplain, Joseph Little, who long yeai 

I the dark river, and to-day is bivouaced on 
•■Fame- eternal camping ground." and I, kepi Capt. 
Phelps at our headquarters, and did all we could 
through the long hours of that eventful night to alle- 
viate his Bufferings. We cut his hoots off Ids feet, and 
kept his frightful wounds bathed constantly in cold 
water. We were lying close up to your line 
indeed, that we could not build fires without having 
them extinguished by had from your guns. The 
next morning we fell back into a woods to reform our 

for the Becond day's battle, and with as wi 
ried Capt. Phelps, whom we delivered to our hospital 
department, and we went on into the fight of another 
day. That afternoon our army was forced to r< 
towards the Kanawha Valley, and our Confederate 
friend was left behind. 

Nearly thirty years have elapsed since we. in the 
dismal who. Is in front of Lynchburg, delivered ('apt. 
Phelps into the hands of the hospital attendants, and 
this is the first time we have had the pleasure of meet- 
ing each other, and to-day w are as happy "Johnny" 
and "Yank" as the most fastidious could wish to 
Every 17th of June, from 1864 to 1891, I have never 
failed to think of this incident, and would wonder 

J 32 


whether my friend Phelps had survive! witli his 
(rounds and was still living. 

On Juno 30, L891. I Bent a detailed accounl of the 
incident to the Wheeling, West Ya.. Register, which 
was published, and Sergeant Joseph c. McMohen, one 
of Capt. Phelps' comrades, seeing it. wrote me at once, 
giving iii>' his post-office address. The remainder of 
this history is easily told. We have Keen correspond- 
ing with each other regularly ever since 1891, have 
exchanged photographs of ourselves and families, and 
our correspondence will he continued as long as we 
both live. 

While hen- and before yon. comrades, I desire to say 
a word for the Union soldier. Eaving had the honor 
of serving two consecutive years as Inspector of the 
Department of Ohio, during which time I have met 
and conversed with nearly every soldier in the State, 
and yon may believe me. when I say that 1 have yet 
to meet one who bears any animosity or ill feeling 
towards the true soldiers of the Southern Army. 

We Stand ready and willing to receive you as broth- 

era of our Tinted Republic. 

1 shall hear to my Northern home hut the pleasant 
recollections of the courteous manner in which 1 was 

eived and treated by the members of your organi- 
zation, and trust that our commingling together may 
be instrumental in producing a good effect. 

It has afforded me great pleasure to he with you on 
this occasion. The years are rolling rapidly by; in a 
very short time the last soldier of the two great arm- 
ies that confronted each other in battle from 1861 to 
65, will have received orders to report on the parade 
grounds of heaven, there to march in grand review 
Before the great Commander of us all. who will judge 
alike both the blue and the gray. 

Gen. Jackson, of Tennessee, eloquently introduced 
to the audience Gen. Miller, the Department Com- 
mander of the Grand Army of the Republic of Ala- 
bama, who was there with a token of regard for Gen. 
Gordon, who saved the life of Gen. Francis C. Barlow. 
Commander .Miller presented, in the typical manner 
of an American soldier, a cane cut from the place 
which is known as Harlow's Hill, to Gen. Gordon, 
[All during this time continued cheers for the blue 
and the gray.] 

Gen. Gordon, in accepting the cane, said : 

'on. Miller, it would he idle for me to attempt to 
express in words what I feel upon this presentation. 
1 can only Bay that in that war there did never come 
into my breast or in the breasts of any of these brave 
men here to-day, a single feeling of animosity, hut 
that they were inspired by that one word, duty, only 
duty. And now, looking hack over that war I can 
say. and I know 1 express the sentiment of all these 
veterans, that it matters not what flag a soldier fol- 
lowed, it matters not what uniform he wore, since he 
was there through a conviction of duty and conscious- 
ness of the call of his country had inspired him, ami 
he was willing to laydown his life at the call of duty. 
As such we welcome you here to-day. I welcome you 
as a one time foe hut now a friend, and I stand to 
pledge to you the loyalty of as brave a people as the 
sun ever shone upon. And now, sir, in behalf of this 
brotherhood I bid you most hearty welcome. 

Gen. Gordon"s reply to Gen. Miller was pathetic and 
most appropriate. 

Upon notice of his re-election as Commander of the 
United Veterans, Gen. Gordon said: 

Comrades, I have no language at my command ca- 
pable of conveying to you the sentiment which wells 
up in my heart at this honor you have given. 

It had been my purpose to retire from this office and 
leave it to some one worthier than myself. [Voi( • - 
"Couldn't he found."] I accept the honor, comrades, 
with all the love and loyalty to you and your cause 
that ever throbbed in a Southern heart. 1 want to 
say one thing before I take my seat: I won't detain 
you long. [Voices: "Go on, go on."] In my opin- 
ion, and this opinion is based upon long thought and 
investigation of history and inquiry, there never ex- 
isted in the history of the world, ami there may never 
exist in the history of the world, an army that, from 
a standpeint of courage and in other particulars, 
equaled the Confederate Army of the South. Whether 
led by great leaders or not, whether thirsty or hungry 
or haggard, they marched into the gloom with a cour- 
age unparalleled in the history or all the ages that 
have passed. That reminds me of an occasion when 
a one-legged old Confederate veteran had been dis- 
charged on account of the loss of his leg. He went 
into a prayer-meeting where Brother Brown was lead- 
ing in prayer, and in the course of that prayer Brother 
Brown said: "Heavenly Father, we pray thee to give 
us more courage in this strife that is now going on. 
give us more manhood," when this old soldier cried 
out, unable to contain himself any longer, and said, 
"Hold on, Brother Brown, hold on there, you are all 
wrong. Pray for more ammunition and provisions, 
we have manhood and courage enough." 

Every man of that army, a hero, was willing to 
march to the front ami w in victories, whether he had 
a leader or not. May God care for and protect each 
of these Confederates to the day of his death. The 
man who marched into front of battle and made his 
leaders and his Generals. 

God go with you when you leave here, and remain 
with you through the days that are to be yours. May 
his luight skies cover you, and his sunlight gladdi 
your old hearts through those days. 

Commendable zeal is exercised by the people at 
Calhoun, Ga., in caring for the Besaca Confederate 
deail buried near there. That is a cemetery in which 
Southerners from many sections should be interested. 
Mr. .1. ( ). Middleton sends the following list of some 
of the Tennessceans buried therewith their company 

and regiment: .1. 11. Waddy. 32d; F. Russell, Co. A. 
and .1. A. Gihnore, Co. B, 45th; -I. W. Lester, Co. I 
29th; .1. II. Savage, 20th; A. Thelton, 18th; A. Y. 
Simonton, and three unknown soldiers belonging to 
9th; .1. Lipsheets, Co. G, John Ingles, Co. D, and J. W. 
Rathens, Co. C, 8th. 

(five something to this worthy cause, no matter how 
small the amount. J. 0. M. 

The nephew of the gallant John lVlham, whose 
name was changed by the Legislature to Charles 
Thomas Pelham, is a resident still of El l'aso, Texas. 
An error in printing notes by L. B. Giles, who was 
one of Terry's Texas Rangers, suggests this note. 

Mark Cockrill, Jr. : " * * * Ifes, we are indeed 
a good ways off, but the Veteran comes like a voice 
from Dixie." He writes from Lucille, Montana. 


On Saturday. May 5, 1894, request was mailed to the Confederate organizations for written information as 
to whether represented at Birmingham in the Convention of United Confederate Veterans, and if so. whether 
they voted for the VETERAN as official organ of the United Veterans; also as to whether they had made the 
Veteran their own organ, or contemplated doing so. It will he seen, on examination, that there is not one 
word of unkindness expressed from any BOUTce. The 'don't know.'' "think not.'' etc., don't in a single in- 
stance indicate disfavor. The only declination to make the Veteran "it- own organ " by any Camp is by 
one of 23 members, whose Secretary states that while it appreciates the good work the VETERAN has done 
.ind is doing, it declines since the action of 1'nited Confederate Veterans at Birmingham to vote for an] 
official organ. Its reason for such position is misunderstood. Theirs is the only report not in the list. 


if i ■ pi • sented 
No. at Bfrm'gham Has It made I( it bat 

Pobtoffice. \vm> oi ' vmi'. Mem- <li>l It vote for the Veteran Its doeeltcoi Nami ■•> "incra. 

ben. Veteran as Its own organ? plate doing »o? 
official organ? 

Alexandria Alexandria 14 ves ves C. Martin. Com. 

Anniston Pelham 110 ves no action K. M Sight, Com. 

Auburn Auburn -41 ves ye- Gen. Jae II Lane, Adji 

Bessemer Bessemer !«i ves ves W. R. -lone-. Com. 

Birmingham W. .1. Hardee.. 850 Ves ves K. E. Jones, Com. 

Coalburg Frank Cheat ham 15 ves ves F. P. Lewis, Com. 

Dadeville Crans-Kimbal 150 no action may do so W.C. Mcintosh, Com. 

Florence E. A. O'Neal 131 ves ves A. M. O'Neal, Com. 

Fori Payne W. N. Eetee 80 ves yes 1. M. Davidson, Com. 

Hartselle Friendship 76 ves yes Matt K. Mahan, Com. 

Greenville Sam Adams 11 didn't vote ...not vet yes Ed. Crenshaw, Com. 

Lowndesboro T. -I. Bullock 42 don't know ves C. I>. Whitman. Adjt, 

Lower Teach Tree....R. H. 0. Gaines 34 ves ves B. 1>. Portis, Com. 

Moundville Woodruff is it did we have Fohn S. Powere, Com. 

Oxford Camp Fee !I7 ves ves Thomas H. Barry, Com. 

Pearce's Mills R. E. Fee I" '. don't know .1. Pearce, Com. 

Piedmont Stewart 78 yes ves .1. N Hood. Com. 

Roanoke Aiken-Smith 194 ves ye- W \ Handler. Com. 

Scale J. F. Waddell 36 not vet yes R. IF B< llamy. Com. 

Springville Springville 68 ves yes A. W \\ oodall, Com. 

Tnomasville Leander McParland... 92 don't know ... not yet yee G. B. Hall. Adjt. 

Wedewee Randolph 74 don't know don't know ...can't say... C. C. Enloe, Com. 


Hope Camp Gratiot 80 think bo.. N. W. Stewart, Com. 

Hot Springs Ubert Pike 125 yes A. Curl, Adjt. 

Huntingdon Stonewall Jackson.... 210 ves L. B. Fake, Com 

Morrilton Robert W. Harper 136 no yes W. S. Hanna, Com. 

Oxford Oxford 25 can't say... F. M. Gibson, Com. 

Prescott Walter Bragg 125 yes W. J. Blake. Com. 


Brooksville W. W. Loring 44 ves ves Fred I.. Robertson, Adjt. 

Chiplev McMillan 135 ves yes S. M. Robertson, Com. 

DeFuniak Springs.. .E. Kirby-Smith 40 ves no not sugg'st'd.F T. Stnbbs, Com. 

Jacksonville R. E. Fee 1051 ves ves G. T. Maxwell, Com. 

LakeCity E. A. Perry 109 yes yes W.Ives, Adjt. 

Ocala " Marion Con Ass'n....lO0 ves J. M. Mays. ( om. 

Pensacola Camp Ward 110 yes W. E. Anderson Com. 

Sanford Gen. Jos. Finnegan... 30 ves ves C. H. Leffler, Adjt. 

St. Augustine E. Kiiby-Smith 32 yes yes L \\ Spitler, Com. 

Tallahassee Thomson B.Lamar... 28 can't sav 1> Lang, Com. 


Carnesville Millican 75 no no don't know J. C. McCarter, Com. 

Dalton J. E. Johnston 67 ves ves \. P. Roberts, Com. 

Hawkinsville Con. Vet. Associat'n..l50 W. L. Once, Com. 

LaGrange Troup County Camp. 97 yes yes J. L. Schaub, Com. 

Macon... Bibb County 100 C. M. Wiley, Com. 

Rome Con. Vet. Associat'n..l25 don't know F. G. Yeiser, Com. 

Summerviiie Chattooga Co. Ass'n... 32 no no don't know L. R. Williams, Com. 

Talbotton L.B.Smith 115 yes not yef hope so ...B. Curley, Com. 



Augusta Inlm B. Hood <; yea John s. Bradley, Com. 

B( iUmi Alfred Johnston 4U little interest '. I. I'. Brian, Com. 

Bethel Pat Cleburne 12 ves ves In. Arrasmith, Com. 

Campton George W. Cox 6 '. ves ('. C". Hanks. Adjt. 

Carlisle Peter Bramblett 8 '. ves Thomas Owens, Com. 

Eminence E. Kirby-Smith 6 W. L. Crabb. Com. 

Georgetown George W.Johnson... '■'»'> ves A. X. Sinclair, Com. 

Barrodsburg William Preston 20 ves ves Bush W. Allen. Com. 

Henderson Con. Soldiers' Ass'n... 64 '. '. yes R. H. Cunningham, Adjt 

Hopkinsville Ned Merriwether 17 yes C. P. Jarrett, Com. 

Lexington John c. Breckinridge.200 yes has indorsed it John Boyd, Com. 

Paducah Lloyd Tighlman....... in '. no action 1. V. Greif, Adjt 

Paducah \. i'. Thompson 71 ves yes I. M. Browne, Adjt. 

Russellville John W. Caldwell yea yes I. B. Briggs, Com. 


Bi Qton Loudon Butler 52 ves yes S. M. Thomas. ( lorn. 

Bernick Winchester Hall 15 Ves it wifl do so 

Compte Cap. Perot yes Leopold Perot, Com. 

Jackson ' Feliciana 45 yes Z. Lea. Coin. 

Lake ( harles Calcasieu 250 yes yes Dr. W. A. Knapp, Com. 

Merrick Isaiah Norwood 22 'no 'no don't know 1>. T. Merrick. Com. 

Lay vi lie. Richland 47 ves yes I. S. Sum merlin, Com. 

Ruston Con. Vet. Associat'n..l05 don't know will lay before Camp.. A. Barksdale, Com. 

Tangipahoa Moore < >. I'. Amacker, Com. 


Anguilla Patrick R. Claiborne.. 19 not yet yes I. C. Hall, Com. 

Canton E. Giles Henry 75 ves ves lames M. Grafton. Adjt. 

Chester R. G. Prewitt.. 20 don't know think not ... will see ....I. H. Evans.'Com. 

Columbus Isham Harrison 46 yes yes YV. A. Campbell, Adjt. 

ada W. R. Barksdale 50 would like to do so I. \V. Young, Com. 

Hickory Flat Hickory Flat 35 yes think so I. D. Lakey, Com. 

Iuka Lamar 102 will bring before Camp....G. I'. Hammersley, Com. 

Kosciusko William Barksdale ... 04 ...can't say C. H. Campbell, (om. 

Lexington Walter L. Keirn 65 don't know... try to do so next meeting.. II. J, Reid, Com. 

Maben Stephen D.Lee 10 yes sir 0. B. Cooke, Com. 

Okalona W. F. Tucker 50 don't know B. J. Abbott, Com. 

Senatobia Bill Feeney 90 think it will G. D. Shands, Com. 

Woodville Woodville 21 yes yes P. M. Stockett, Adjt. 


Exeter Sterling Price II yes yes lames Montgomery, Com 

Morley Maj. James Parrott... 50 not present : '. it may A. J. Gupton, Com. 


Charlotte Mecklenburg 15 hope so I). G. Maxwell, Adjt. 

Clinton Sampson 22 hope so R. II. Holliday, Com. 

Hickory Catawba lln yes yes 1. G. Hall, Com. 

Pittsboro Leonidas .1. Merritt... H» hope so '. W. L. London, Com. 

Salisbury Col. Chas. T. Fisher...l78 yes ves C. R. Barker, Adjt. 

States vi lie Col. p. (:ii i, pi, ell :;7 yes yes P. C. Carlton. Com. 

Wilmington Cape Fear 143 yes not formally yes W. L. DeRosset, Com. 


Aiken Barnard E. Pee :io<i ves ves B. H. Teague, Com. 

Charleston Palmetto Guard In 'ves yes A. W. Lanneau, Adjt. 

I "l ui n liia Hampton 91 yes yes A. P. Brown, Com. 

Edgefield C. H V.bner Perrin 75 yes ves I. II. brooks, Com. 

Greenville It. c. Pulliam 130 yes yes P. T. Hayne, Adjt. 

Hyman Hampton 22 don't know M. L. Munn, Com. " 

Newberry lames I). Nance 186 yes yes C V. Boyd, Adjt. 

Pickens C. H Wolf Creek 59 yes not yet '. J. A. Griffin, < lorn. 

Rock Hill Catawba 52 yes I. Jones, Adjt, 

Simpsonville Manning Austin :'.li yes not yet '. W. P. Gresham, Com. 

Spartanburg Camp Walker 85 don't know, will bring before Camp loseph Walker, Com. 

Summerville Gen. .lames Conner...l 12 yes George Tupper, Com. 



Alamo Joseph E.Johnston... f>"> yes J. B. Humphreys. Com. 

Brownsville H. 8. Bradford 68 not yet George C. Porter. Com. 

Chattanooga N. B. Forrest V>2 ves yes L. T. Dickinson, Com. 

Clarksville Forbes 17<> yes yes Butler Boyd, Com. 

Fayetteville Shackleford-Fulton . . . H x i not advised. . n<> expres-'n W. A. Miles, Com. 

Knoxville Felix K. Zollicoffer... 56 yes Charles Ducloux, Adjt. 

Lewisburg Dibrell 52 ves yes *. s. T. Hardison, Com. 

McKenzie Stonewall Jackson.... 56 yes Ves J. 1'. Cannon. Com. 

Nashville Frank Cheatham 350 yes ves lohn P. Hickman, Adjt. 

Pikeville II. M. Ashby 87 ves yes L. T. Billingly, Com. 

Winchester Turney '. 1 1 1 don't know yes I. K. Jones. Com. 


Abilene Abilene 92 has not think bo...T. W. Daugherty, Adjt. 

Alvarado Mvarado 55 ves ves 1. R. Posey, Adjt. 

Archei City stonewall Jackson.... 65 '. ves T. M. Cecil, Adjt. 

A.urora R. (}. Mills 20 ves yes 6. W. Short. Com. 

Bonham Sul Rosa yes '. ves J. P. Holmes. Com. 

Brazoria Clinton Terry 36 yes yes W F. Smith, Com. 

Calvert W. P. Townsend 200 yes yes I W Higginbothani.Com 

Canton 1. I.. Hogg 1 4n '. ves W. D. Thompson, Adjt. 

Chi. o Mcintosh 86 yes L. S. Eddins, Com. 

Cleburne Pat Cleburne 7<» ves think so yes I. D. Mitchell, Coin. 

Coleman lohn Pel ham til yes yes 11 1 Lewis, ( 

Commerce II. E. Lee 38 yes think so G 6. Lindsey,Com. 

Corsicana Winkler 120 '. don't know li. M. Collii 

Crockett Crockett 182 ves not yet yes Enoch Braxeon, Com. 

Dallas Sterling Price 316 yes ves '. Geo R. Fearn, Adjt. 

Dodd City •■■■■ Maxey 20 '. fia's not can't tell...W < Moore, I 

Forney Camp' Bee VJ ves ves T. M. Daniel. Com. 

Gonzales lohn C. G. Key 1 r> yes 'yes H. L. Quails, Adjt. 

Gordonville 1. G. Hodges... •_'<» don't know yes Wm. Hodge*. Com. 

Graham Young County it has I. T. Gay, Com. 

Henrietta Sull Ross W yes some time ago.. J. C. Skipwith, Com. 

Hillshoro C. C. Y. Association. .450 yes think it will.]'.. Knox. Com. 

Houston Hick howling 200 yes yes Will Lambert. Com. 

Ladonia Robert E. Lee 176 yes not vet can't say T < Reed, Adjt. 

Lagrange Col. B. Timmons ... 35 ... yes it will "... R. H. Phelps, Com 

Lampasas R. E. I.e.. 132 yes D. C. Thomas, Com. 

Marhn Willis L. Lang 205 yes yes ......G. A. King, I om. 

Menardville Menardville 20 has not been considered. .F. M. Kitchens. Com. 

McGregor McGregor 100 ves ves V.'. H. Harris, Com. 

Merkel Merkel 40 ves J. T. Tucker. Com. 

Navasota H. H. Boone 100 no action W. E. Barry, Com. 

Oakville lohn Donaldson 24 not yet yes Uex Coker, Com. 

Palestine Palestine 60 has not eaii't say ..J. W. Kwing. Com. 

Paradise Pat Cleburne 4<» suppose so yes .....L. T. Mason. Adjt. 

Paris C S. Johnston 380 yes yes 0. C. Connor. Com. 

Richmond Frank Terry no can't say. ..P. E. Peareson, Com. 

Ripley Gen. Hood! -_>1 it will*. John C. Hood, Adjt. 

San Antonio \. S Johnston 110 suppose so yes Taylor McRae, Adjt. 

Santa Anna 1.. Q. Pa mar 27 yes 1 Will Hubert Adjt. 

Seymour Bedford Forrest 25 yes T. H. C. Peery, Com. 

Taylor V. S. Johnston 50 yes yes M. Ross, Com. 

Terrell J. E. B. Stuart 75 '. yes *. Vic Reinhardt, Adjt. 

Texarkana V. P. Hill 35 not action yet : C. A Hooks. Adjt. 

Vernon Camp Cabell 56 ...can't say. . no action ...can't say ..S. E. Hatchett, Com. 

Waco Pat Cleburne 151 contemplates doing eo. J. G. Fennel, Com. 


Alexandria R. E. Pee 132 ves W. A. Smoot, Com. 

Charlotteville 1. B. Strange 100 don't know J. M. Garrett, Com. 

Harrisonburg S. B. Gibbons 50 can't tell. ..P. II. Lee Martz, Com. 

Petersburg \. P. Hill 280 don't know W. G. McCabe, Com. 

Radford (C C. Wharton 81 yes yes R. IP Adams. Adjt. 

Reams' Store J. K. IV Stuart :'."> "....not yet.. ..'..will he considered. .A. P.. Moncure, Adjt. 

West Point lohn R. Cooke :'.'_' yes ' yes W. W. Green, Com, 

Williamsburg Magruder-Ewell 48 yes H. P. Jones. Adjt. 



Charlestowo Fohn W. Rowan G. A. Porterfield. 


Ardmore Fohn II. Morgan 120 yes yes W. W. Hyden, Com. 

McAlester Icff Lee 77 yea not yet yea It. B. Coleman, Com. 

Norman John B. (Jordoi 

.... 34 

yeB B. .1. Wilkins. Adjt. 


As a matter of general interest the VETERAN made these inquiries so as to furnish historic record of the 
Confederate soldiers who now live in Texas. Inaction on the part of many Camps prevented its completion. 















































X 1 


Location ami Name of Camp. 

= 1 


Alvarado— Alvarado Camp 

Helton— Bell I'd. Kx-Confed. AJss'n 




















21 i 







• r > 













































































































































































































































































Breckinridge— Stephens County (amp. 










El Paso — Jno. C. Browu Camp 

Gainesville Joseph E. Johnston Camp.... 




Gateavllle— Ex-i 'infederate Veterans 

Gonzales— .1. c. (i. K>v Camp 


Graham — Young County Bivouac . 
Grandvlew— J. K. Johnston ('amp 


Houston— DV k bowling 



L.adonia — Rohert K. LeeOamp 




Madlsiiuvllle John CJ. Walker ( amp. . 
Marlln— Willis L. Lang Camp 



Memphis— Hall County Camp 


Hezla — Joe Johnston Camp 

188 Z 
"2 1 '.'.'. 


Ml. Vernon— Camp Ben HcCullocb .... 


Paint Rock— Jeff Davis Cam] 

Paradise— Pal Cleburne (amp 


Polk county -Ike Tinner Camp 


Ripley -Gen. Hood Camp, 


Seymour— Bedford Correal ( amp 


Sherman Mildred Lee (amp. 


South Prairie-J. E. B. Stuart (amp 


Sweetwater k. C. Walthall Camp 


Terrell— J. E. B. smart camp 


Tyler— Albert Sldnev Johnston (amp 
Van Alstyne— Winnie Davis Camp. 





Waoo -Pat Cleburne Camp 


Waxahaehle— Wl utile 1 lav is Camp 


Wills Point—Wills Point Camp 




The 44 out of 131 Camps in Texas furnish the above record. Confederates inherit Texas. 

Chipley, Fla., May 12, 1894: Camp McMillan, No. 
217, U. C. V., unanimously adopted the VETERAN as 
its official organ. R. B. Bellamy, Adjt. 

J. W. Wright, Commander of the Joseph E. John- 
ston Camp at Gainesville, Texas, in reply, wrote: The 
delegates to the reunion at Birmingham have not yet 
returned, and therefore I am not prepared to say what 
they did in reference to indorsing the VETERAN, but I 
am sure of one thing, and that is they will indorse 
the Veteran every time they are called upon. You 
can be assured that my Camp will do all that we can 
to aid you and the great cause that you are so ably 

It is said that the last shot was fired on the Confed- 
erate side by C. H. Montgomery, at West Point, Ga. 

Springfield, Mo., May !», 1894. — You will please stop 
the Veteran. I see the time is out in this month. 
Mr. Granade died the 13th of September last — was 
sick fifty-four days with typhoid fever, and being left 
with two children to care for, and but little to live on, 
I will have to give up the dear Confederate book as we 
did our dear old Southern home after the war was 
over. May Cod bless all the old Confederate veterans. 
My husband was with the first company that left 
Memphis, and was a faithful soldier to the last. 

Mrs. J. A. Granade. 





A great deal has been written about Shiloh, but 
there is much to 1"' known yet, aa plainly appears 
from the following interview by a friend of the Vet- 
eran with Gen. F. A. sin mi p. Gen. Shoup has resided 
al Sewanee, Tenn., as a professor most of the time 
since the war, and although he has been repeatedly 
requested to give the public the benefit of his unu- 
sual opportunities for knowing the inside history of 
the Confederate war, he lias heretofore quite Bteadily 
declined. He has lately taken charge of the Columbia 
Institute for Young Ladies, and ro has been brought 
in touch with tlic "lil Confederates of Maury County, 
which be seems to enjoy very much. Readers of the 
Veteran will be interested in the following chatty 
story of sliiloli : 

"General, you were Chief of Artillery at Shiloh?" 

"Not exactly. 1 was tin- Chief of Hardee's Corps. 
and was the senior artillery officer on the field. There 
was no army organization of the artilli 

" Was tbr enemy surprised at Shiloh ? 

"I'll till you about it. if you like. Things were 
looking pretty blur We bad lost all of Kentucky 
and Tennessee \ concentration of all the available 
troops in the West bad been made at Corinth to re- 
sist tin- gravitation of the Federal- toward the Gulf, 
and something bad to be done. Gen. Sidney John- 
ston had long before foretold that a decisive battle 
would be fought somewhere in that locality. The 
question was whether we should wait and receive the 

enemy or advance upon him. Tin- art of war was in 
an exceedingly plastic state in '62, and it wat 

' pot and kettle' between the two sides. Tin Federals. 

under Grant — though he did not select the place— had 
[nit themselves in a very exposed position. In the 
oral place, they were on the wrong side of the river 
for a rendezvous encampment. In a beautiful open 
country, only a little over twenty miles from us. and 
without the slightest artificial protection in the way 
of field works or grand guards, they simply invited 
attack. Our Generals »w this, and determined to 
take advantage of it. Hut there was a Berious trouble 
at tbe start, which 1 do not think has been made pub- 
lic It was tb'' distrust on tbe part of tbe corps com- 
manders of tbe military capacity of Sidney Johnston. 
I came to know it through lien. Hardee, with whom 
1 was on tin most confidential term-. Johnston's loss 
of all that region from Howling Green down to tbe 
Mississippi line bad set tbe press bowling to Buch an 
extent that be wanted to resign bis command. There 
never was a grander man. and I love bis memory, but 
bis movements are open to serious criticism. He was 
not a man of expedients, and bad been SO long used 
to the slow routine methods of tbe old army that be 
did not adapt himself readily to tbe new. extraordi- 
nary condition of tilings. He was too magnanimous 
and modest, and did not know bow to seize authority 
and knock people over. At any rate, tbe corps com- 
manders were nervous about going into battle with 
him in command. They patched up a curious expe- 
dient. They got Bragg appointed Chief of Staff with 

plenary powers Bi gg accepted upon condition that 

hi' should retain tin- immediate command of bis own 
corps. It does not seem that any use was made of this 
extraordinary arrangement. I find only one com- 
munication in the War Records from Hardee, dated 
Camp near Mickey's, April 4th, to Gen. Braxton I 
Chief of stall'. Beauregard, however, says in his re- 
port, thai "Bragg, in addition to hie duties as Chief 
of Staff, commanded bis corps." I think every one 

Either ashamed of tin- thin e, and 

let it quietly drop. 

" Well, a plan of operation was worked out by Beau- 
regard, and we were to surprise tbe enemy at 
It was known that Buell was moving down from Nash- 
ville to join Grant on the Tennessee River. He was 
making a "forced march," but bis rapidity was very 
like our-. What could have been done, and would 
have been done toward tbe latter part of the war in a 
few days, took week- We at la-t got under way on 
the morning of tin- 3d of April, ami it was 1 \| 
that we should be able to surprise tin- enemy on the 
5th, and a- we had only about twenty miles to march 
it did not seem unreasonable. Our methods of sur- 
prising the enemy, however, were— or rather are now 
— amusing enough. It rained during tin first night 
out, and as tbe men were not ir guns would 

go off after a wetting, they proci 1 ded to try them, in 
which operation they were assisted bytheofficei 
the tiring was by volley: and then tbe general ofl 
one would think, wanted to make sure that the enemy 
still there, since 1 reconnaisance in force was 

r them up and keep them on tin- alert' The re- 
sult was a great row in front of the enemy. A pi' ket 
stand, six or eight men. was captured and a heavy 

was sent out to recover them, and Sherman, who 
lay with bis command nearest us. sent out an addi- 
tional cavalry force, and finally followed in pi 

with two regiments of infantry. There was quite a 
little battle in front, in which some fifteen rounds 

were exchanged. Tbe cavalry drove our people in 
upon the main army, which, by Ibis time, tie second 
day. bad got as far as Mickey's bouse, -i\ miles from 
the battle-field. The Federal cavalry ran in upon us, 
and we opened upon them with infantry and art! 
killing and wounding some of them and taking some 
prisoners. I. myself, opened lire with the artillery. 
It was random work, under excitement, and tic 
cution was not much. Sherman reports all tl 
Gen. Grant that night, and says. '1 infer that the 
enemy is in some considerable force at Pea B 
IF- goes on to give excellent re. Ins opinion. 

" Now comes the almost incredible part. ( >ur confu- 
sion has got itself Btraightened out down at Mickey'-, 
and on the 5th we move oil with the quiet assurance 
of troops moving out to a practice ground. Hat 
Corps is in front, and we move by the flank, two 
abreast, along a common woods road, tin General and 
his glittering stall' in front. When we wen- within 

about three miles of the enemy's camps theGeneral 
and his staff were brought to a sudden halt at the 
command of a gentleman in front of us half hidden 
in the bushes, with a gun pointing in our direction in 
a very suggestive way. The question was. 'Who is 
that ' We agreed that he was too polite for an en- 
emy, and that it must be one of our own men on 
picket duty; but the more important question was 
how to get past him without an accident. After a lit- 
tle parley I sung out. We are all right, meet me half 



way!' IK- assented, and when we were within easy 
distance I Baid, 'This is Gen. Hardee and his Btaff, 
and the whole army is following.' 'Well, haven't 
you got the password?' 'No,' I said, 'but you don't 
intend to Btop an army?' 'Well,' he answered, 'I 

BUppOSe I'll have to 1ft' you pass, but 1 wish you had 

the word.' I don't remember that I thought at the 
time that there was any thing particularly tunny in a 
single man on outpost halting an army. As a "result 
of this episode I suggested to lien. Hardee that it 
might lie well to cover our advance with some light 
troops. Be replied that he intended to throw out 

skirmisher- a- - as we hegan to form line. In the 

course of time Hardee became one of the most care- 
ful, and in every way best, corps commanders we had. 
1 don't remember that 1 ever reminded him of this 
extraordinary incident. He would have Keen amusi d, 
and readily granted that we were all very green. 

" We continued our advance along the narrow coun- 
try road, winding like a snake through the woods to 
within a mile of the Federal camps, and without en- 
countering another soul. The General then deployed 
Borne light troops, and the column filed to the right, 
and we quietly tonne, 1 line of battle, extending from 
Lick to Owl (reek. This was about the middle of the 
day. The first line consisted of Hardee- Corps, to- 
gether with a brigade from Bragg's Corps. The resl of 
Bragg's Corps, with part of Polk's, strung out, made 
a second line. The remainder of Polk's Corps and 
Breckinridge's Corps were held in reserve. The front 
was rather more than three miles in length, and only a 
little over a mile from Shiloh Church, which was on 
the edge of the Federal camps. 

" N"w. the puzzle is to know what Gen. Sherman and 
the Federals were doing on the 5th of April. Sher- 
man had reported to Grant that the Confederates were 
in force within six miles of his encampment the day 
before, and yet we were permitted to move up and 
form, as 1 have described, without seeing or hearing 
a single blue coat. If we had Keen resisted with any 
of spirit it would have gone hard with us; i't 
would have been impossible for us to gain the posi- 
tion we did. Indeed, I don't know what would have 
been the result." 

"Do you mean to say that the Federals did not 
know a whole army was forming in line of battle 
within a mile of them ?" 

"That ISJUSl what took place. Hardee's Line Was 

fullj formed, batteries in place, and everything ready 
for action by the middle of the afternoon, and we lay 

on our arms all the rest of that day and all night long, 
and there was not a soul seen or heard of from the 
yankee camps." 

" Hadn't you driven in any pickets or outpost- .'" 

" Not one. They seemed not to have had any that 

day: or if they had they did not extend out a mile 

from their camps. This has always been a wonder to 

me, and especially so when it is remembered that they 

wcii- West Point men in command." 

"Are not you a West Point man yourself?" 
"Yes; ami I am not saying any thing against West 
Point, 1 am showing you the seamy side of things, 
and it is simply tomfoolery to deny that we were all 
ignorant of war, in spite of our training, in tie begin- 
ning. Nothing but experience will teach that busi- 
ness. But it is marvelous that common sense and 
natural timidity should not have taught Grant and 
Sherman to look out for danger when they had reason 
to know it was so close at hand." 

" 1 (id not Sherman expect an attack that morning'.' " 

"Sherman certainly did not expect attack on the 
morning of the 6th, as may he seen from his report. 
The reports of Grant, Sherman, and all the rest oi 
them, -how that not a step had been taken in any di- 
rection in anticipation of an attack. They knew noth- 
ing of our being in front of them until early in the 
morning. They were simply surprised, in spite of all 
we did to let them know, ami they did the best they 
could. Grant says somewhere that he was not sur- 
prised, because he knew the rebel forces were in his 
front in force two day- before. That is true, and it is 
just what make- the surprise Bo inexcusable for him 
and Sherman." 

"Well, we lay all the aiternoon in line of battle, 
and had plenty of time to look at the dogwood blooms, 
of which the woods were full. 1 never see them now 
that I do not think of Shiloh. We lay all night, and 
heard distinctly the drums beating in the enemy's 
camps. They kept up a continuous rattle almost all 
night, and we wondered what in the world could he 
the meaning of it. It has since Keen explained. The 
innumerable military hands were serenading their 
officers, and everybody was having a merry time with- 
out a thought of our thirty or forty thousand men 
who were listening with such peculiar interest." 

"Didn't you yourself expect them to he all ready 
for you in the morning?" 

"Well, that was an anxious question. I could 
hardly hope they did not know that we were encir- 
cling them, though there was not a sign of any sort 
to show it. The general officers thought that the 
'surprise' business was all up, at least Gen. Beaure- 
gard told Cen. Polk so iii a rather excited interview 
late in the aiternoon of the 5th that is. some time 
after we were in line of battle. Beauregard was taking 
Polk to task for his delay in getting into position. 
Polk, in his report, say- ' lie Beauregard i -aid he re- 
gretted the delay exceedingly, as it would make it 
necessary to forego the attack altogether: that our suc- 
cess depended upon our surprising the enemy, and 
this was now impossible, and we must fall hack to 
Corinth.' Pate at night a conference of the corps 
commanders was held, ami at it (as Gen. Hardee told 
immediately after the conference! the general feel- 
ing was that the attack was then hopeless, especially 
as the men were without rations. After listening foi 
some time- Gen. Johnston cut them short by saying, 
'Gentlemen, return to your commands; the attack will 
he made at dawn. If the men have no rations t hey 
must*take them from the enemy.' We came that near 
turning tail, even at the last moment. 

" Well, we did move at dawn. It seems that the en- 
emy was just sending out some scouts, at any rate our 
skirmishers were engaged very early. Sherman acted 
promptly, and by the time we got to the outer edge 
of their camps we found a line formed against us, and 
the resistance was very creditable for an impromptu. 
We had no particular difficulty, however, in pushing 
the greaterpart of the army out of their camps. It was 
all haphazard — line against lim — patching up weak 
places with troops from anywhere they could lie got. 
For several hours the tiring was constant. 1 dare -a \ 
there was more powder burned both by infantry and 
artillery at Shiloh than on any field of the war. 
Luckily it was very wild, or the carnage would have 
been more awful than it was. 

"One little incident will show how ignorant we 
were practically of the effect of Hank fire. We knew 



enough about it theoretically. I was on the lookout 
for advantageous positions for the artillery, and I saw- 
that by a little detour a raking tire could he got on the 
enemy's right. I ventured to take a section of Sweet's 
Mississippi battery, and conducted it to where the 
position could be seen, and they came into action. I 
1 returned at once. The enemy's right gave way about 
this time. When the guns got hark the officers said 
they did splendid work for a few minutes, bul that 
the enemy fell hack so that they couldn't get at them. 
They did not claim, and I did not suggest to them, 
that their tire had had any thing to do with their 
change "I position. It was a long time after, when I 
had seen the immediate effect of even a little Sank 
fire, that I put things together. However it may have 
been, tin enemy's whole right fell hack, hut the center 
and left held. The bend was at the little eminence 
held by ' on. Prent lse 

"About this time Gen. Beauregard ordered me t" 
attend to removing the captured artillery, which lay 

ittered in every direction, to the rear. 1 put a num- 
ber of parties at work, using stragglers chiefly. They 
<lid remove a large number of pieces, which we finally 
Becured; but I have always thought if we had finished 
up the work that day we could have removed them at 
our leisure. I went to tin- front as soon as 1 could. 
and struck the point from which the enemy's line 
bent hack toward the landing. There was a little old 
field just to the right of t ti i- point. I saw the oppor- 
tunity for some more think fire, and set to worl 
gather the fragments of our battel ies, .-■ attered about 
in all directions, and held them under cover of a skirt 
of wood- on the further side of this little Held until 
all were ready, I suppose there were over twenty 
pieces, but hardly a whole battery to The or- 

der was that when the piece on the left advanced and 
fired all were to come into action. The fire opened 
beautifully, but almost immediately the blue coat- on 
the heights over against us began to break to the rear. 
and we soon saw white flags. It was here that Pren- 
tiss surrendered his command. Really, I did not at 
the time, nor for a long time after, think that this ar- 
tillery lire had much to do with the enemy- confusion. 
I remember a distinct sense of disappointment, feel- 
ing that if they had only stayed there a little while 
We should have punished them handsomely. Later 
we all learned that a Sank tire like that took effect 
with great rapidity. By the way. I find in the War 
Records that < ion. Ruggles claim.- 1 he credit of making 
this concentration of artillery. I remember thai 
was there at the time, hut I thought lie was a specta- 
tor, and 1 was really under the impression that I con- 
ceived and executed it myself. 1 had told the story 
that way so long before I saw (ien. Ruggles' report 
that I had at least come to believe it myself. The 
sin t . ii, . - referring to this in (ien. Ruggles report ap- 
pears in italics, With an explanation that it was an 
amende, 1 report, the amendments being in italics, and 
made a year after the original. No reports were called 
for until a long time after the battle, am! I was then 
in the Trans-Mississippi Department, and so never 
made any report at all. 

"When we found the enemy retiring 1 limbered up 
this composite battery and followed up at a gallop, 
coming into battery again across the road leading 
down to the landing. Gen. Breckinridge's infantry 
occupied the line at this point. They were in two 
lines, in line condition. As I was coming Into battery 

(ien. Breckinridge said, 'Hold on, I am going to 
charge." I said. 'All right, I will shake them up for 
you till you move.' We could sec the Federal colors 
clown the road four or five hundred yards off. There 
happened to bea great stack of fixed ammunition just 
in rear of us which fitted our guns exactly. We tired 
away in the direction of the enemy furiously for some 
time, when I said to Gen. Breckinridge, ' If you are 
going to charge now is your time.' He moved his 
line forward a few paces beyond our pieces and halted. 
This was the mo-t advanced position occupied by us 
on the field." 

"Do you think you could have finished up the Fed- 
erals if you had moved upon them'?'' 

"Without doubt. The sun was still about an hour 
high. I do not doubt that we could have Keen in 
possession of the landing in twenty minutes, with 
very small loss." 

"Do you think Gen. Beauregard was to blame for 
not following up the victory'.'" 

" Beauregard was sick, and in truth he seemed not 
to know the condition of affairs, lie was hack at 
Shiloh church. At least Col. Sam Lockett, of the 
Engineers, told me that he was therewith him, and 
heard th< order given which closed the action on the 
first day. lie repeated the very words, which were 
about a- follow s : 'Order the firing to cease The vic- 
tory is sufficiently complete. I no need I 

the men to the fire from tin gunboats. 1 However, 
Beauregard knew that Buell was al hand, and that no 
time was to hi' lost in preventing a junction with 
Grant. There was really nothing to he feared from 
the gunboats, tor. a- 1 am informed, tie bluff 
high their lire would have had very little effect. It 
was a tearful blunder, and the way in which it was ex- 
ecuted made it worse. I took I - bat- 
■ hack to what 1 thought a tance and pre- 
to camp for the night, hut I found the infantry 
whirling past me to the nar. ami I had to move far- 
ther back till I got sonic infantry camps in front of 
me. Nobody knew where anybody < I waited 
a long tin- an orderly or staff officer to give 
information as to where headquarters were, and call- 
ing the Generals together for consultation. A: 
tired to death though 1 was. I mounted my horse and 
started out to find somebody's quarters. 1 rode up 
ami down in every direction, hut the only General 1 
found wa- Pat Cleburne. He was Bitting on a stump 
drinking coffee out of a bucket, and was a- utterly in 
irk a- I was. He knew where nobody was. had 
a few of his own men with him. and didn't know who 
wa- next to him. 1 gave it up and went hack to my 
Camp. The tact is, there was no conference of any sort 
that night." 

"Do you think it would have been different if John- 
ston had lived 

"It would indeed. He would have been up with 
the line, ami In- would mu have hesitated a moment 
about pushing on. In my opinion Johnston was a 
new man from the moment In- sent his Generals whirl- 
ing to their posts with orders to advance at dawn. In 
his humility he had deferred too much to them in the 
past. That battle won. he would have shown himself 
the great man he was." 

"From what you say we must have been at great 
disadvantage the second day.'" 

"That we were. The commands were all mixed up. 
We were simply blown into line by the enemy's fire. 



I wanted to find Gen. Hardee. 1 made my way to 
Shiloh Church, where I found Beauregard with an 
enormous Btaff. Just as I arrived Pickett, Hai 
Adjutant, rode up with a message to the commanding 
ral. He had a hard time trying to make the 
General understand where Hardee was. I- 

was astonishing how well we fought, and how well we 
held them, considering the horrible state of case with 
11- the second day, and the new troops they had. 
Buell seed the river in the night, and 

Lew Wallace had found hie way to the field. They 
really did not drive us from the field. It was plainly 
impossible for us to regain our advantage, and so we 
simply retired." 

" was there any pursuit ?" 

■■ Not the least in the world. The fact is, there was 
something comical in the way we got off, at Least on 
our part of the line. Hardee told me he was going to 
retire, and directed me to keep up a cannonading to 
cover his retreat. I had six oreight batteries, or parts 
of batteries. Luckily, the enemy stopped firing and 
fell hark out of sight at the same time. That left me to 
do the sham firing at my leisure I fixed prolonges — 
that is attached long ropes between the trails 01 the 
guns and the limbers— so that the firing could goon 
while the puns were moving to the rear, and in case 
of emergency could get away rapidly. I then retired 
the batteries alternately, 'it was 'very interesting. 
Level ground, open woods, no fire to dodge, we were 
very much absorbed in a movement we never hefore 
had had a chance to practice on the field. All at once 
I bethought me of our supports. I looked to the rear 
and there was not an infantryman or cavalryman in 
sight. To make it worse then- was a ravine to cross 
on a causeway. 1 didn't even know what one of the 
many road- the infantry had taken. Selecting the 
most promising one. I put spurs to my horse, think- 
ing the besl way would he for me to find out for my- 
self while my train was crossing, hut in a few minutes 
1 found myself hack where I had started from. There 
I was, abandoned bj the army and at the mercy of the 
enemy, w ith all those guns! V"Y once in my life I 
experienced that feeling of 'goneness' called loss of 
mind. Every thing was a blank for a moment, hut 1 
took the same road 1 had started on and avoided the 
turn that had carried me hack on myself. I nearly 

jumped out of my boots with joy when we came up 

with the infantry. There was not a gun fired by way 
of pursuit, ami we made our way through rain and 
mud with loads of poor wounded men, painfully back 
to Corinth. 


(APT. W. P. klOM I A.i I . BA1 I IMOHK. 


Col. William II. Stewart. Portsmouth, Va., April 
27th: I have read your editorial on a name for our 
Confederate war with great interest. I have often 
thought of the many objections to "Civil War." " War 
between the State-.'' As it was a war between the 
Northern and Southern sections of the United States, 
I have ventured to suggest " Enterse* tionai. War" as 
an appropriate name, which ought to he unobjectiona- 
ble on both sides of the sectional line. If our G. A. 
R. fellow-citizens would adopt some such name in- 
stead of " War of the Rebellion," it would be a fraternal 
greeting worthy of the chivalry of American soldiers, 
and a lasting peace offering which Confederate soldiers 
would prize. 

Since ti the Kearsarge on Roncador Reef so 

much has been resurrected relative to the Alabama- 
Kearsarge fight, and almost without exception inaccu- 
racies and misstatements forming the Bubject- matter, 
that one almost despairs of having any tiling approach- 
ing truth about it. Indeed, we have been forced to 
tic conclusion that very much of history is a fairy 
tale, first, we have it the 1 1-inch guns that did such 
pood service on that memorable 19th of June, went 
down with the old Kearsarge, when in fact the real 
ones are now at Mare Island Navy Yard. A- the old 
ship has had her batten changed several tine-- since 
this eventful action, any number of her 1 1-inch guns 
are to he found scattered here and the)' "ticketed" at 
the New York Navy Yard, Annapolis, etc., like the 
peddler's razor straps, "a few more left of the same 
sort." While all this commendable affection for the 
old Kearsarge and Hartford is occupying the nation's 
heart, what has become of "old ironsides" Constitu- 
tion 1? It cannot he our people would nurse the mem- 
ories of fratricidal war and forget the glories of 1812. 
Hear how the London Telegraph, of February 9th, has 
it, editorially: "On the morning of .June 19th, 1864, 
the Alabama, with her wooden sides covered with 
chains ami scraps of old iron, came out of Cherbourg 
Harhor to accept the challenge of war." Now how 
-hall we dispose of this statement? The Telegraph 
must confess to most lamentable ignorance of history, 
or stand self-convicted of spite and malice, or at least 
an unworthy desire to find favor with the winning 
side. Charity would cover the editoi with the folds 
of ignorance, for a filthy toad is the sycophant. 

Another English correspondent states, "Mr. Lan- 
caster, owner of the yacht Deerhound, succeeded in 
saving forty-odd officers and men of the sinking Ala- 
bama, and most dishonorably refused to deliver them 
up to the Kearsarge." Need the reader's attention he 
called to the utter ignorance of international law dis- 
played by this writer, or else his dull perception of 
what constitutes honor'.' Does this writer suppo-e Mr. 
Lancaster would lend himself to ('apt. Winston in the 
saving of life only to turn these men, struggling in 
the water for their lives, over to the tender mercies of 
an enraged nation'.' And so we find it here and there 
in our own press. Is it possible, Brother Jonathan, 
you have established, with John Bull, a mutual ad- 
miration society? No. there is glory enough attached 
to the old ship, whose bones are now bleaching on 
Roncador, by sticking to truth. In the endeavor to 
belittle your enemy you rob yourself of proportionate 
glory. " * 

Dr. A. Clarke Emmert, Bluff City, Tenn., May 1st: 
1 showed the Veteran to a Federal soldier this morn- 
ing, and he borrowed my entire file, and said that he 
wa- certainly going to subscribe for it. I wish to make 
a correction in your article on Wolford's capture at 
Philadelphia, Tenn. It was the 12th Tennessee Cav- 
alry instead of the 11th regiment in the engagement. 
I was a member of Company A of said 12th battalion, 
and have a scar on the head from a sabre cut received 
there in the field on the center of our lines. 

Mrs. O. M. Spofford, of Tennessee, sends her check 
for ten dollars to pay for subscriptions for friends. 





Among the Southern veterans residing in the 
National Capital are some noble women, whose sacri- 
fices and devotions tn our cause have never been re- 
corded in history. The Frosts of time have whitened 
their heads like the old soldiers, but the purity and 
beauty of their hearts is not marred. One of these, 
Mr-. Letitia Tyler Semple, daughter of Ex-Presideni 
Tyler, established the first hospital in the Smith. 
When the war commenced Bhe was in New York with 


| • * 


her husband, who was Paymaster in the United States 
Naw, stationed at New York. They immediately 

came South and cast their fortunes with our people — 
he taking a position on the Alabama and slip on 
another, and sometimes the more trying battle ground. 
In Philadelphia, on her way south Mrs. Semple met 
a friend who suggested to her that more soldiers died 
from sirkness than the bullet, and that she inaugurate 
a movement for the establishment of hospitals, which 
she did a- -non as she reached Richmond, in May 
1861. She arrived there the day the blockade set in. 
There she met her father who was a member of the 
Confederate Congress, and he obtained permission of 
Mr. Pope Walker. Confederate Secretary of War. to 
establish a hospital at Williamsburg. Mrs. Semple'a 
appeal to the ladies of Williamsburg was heartily 
responded to. Col. Benj, S. Ewell wasincommai 
the Peninsular, and with other gentlemen encouraged 
and assisted the move. The Female Seminary which 

stood upon the site of the Colonial Capitol, was selected 
for the purpose desired. The ladies went to work dili- 
gently. Mrs. Semple making the first bed with her own 
hands. Very soon seventy-five cots were in place. 
Dr. Tinsley, now a practicing physician in Baltimore, 
and Dr. W. C. shields were the surgeons in charge. 
Very soon troops from different points were centered 
there. About that time Mr-. Semple left Williams- 
burg and returned after the battle Of Bethel, .'line Id. 
There were then BO many refugees from Hampton and 
other places, and go many siek soldiers 1 none wounded 
as yet needing attention and comfort-, that William 
ami Mary College, the Court House, ami several 
churches were taken for hospitals, Dr. Willis West- 
moreland in charge Dr. Westmoreland sent a mes- 

her t" inspect 
the situation, which she did, and when -he found SO 
many needing more than the kind citizens could 
immediately supplv, -he went to Richmond the next 
day for supplies. General Moor ed all the assis- 

he could, and the people of Petersburg, Pittsyl- 
vania and other p atributed liberally of food, 
clothe- and bedding. The first death in the hospital 
wa- that of young Ball, < 'ompany A of Fairfax County. 
Ya. The young hero gave up his life for his country. 
and that was all that was known of him there, hut the 
lady who received the tender look from the soft blue 
• ye-, and smoothed hi- golden hair for the last time 
■ forgot him. It i< to he hoped his family found 
his remain-. The New < >rhan- French Zouaves, and 
Captain Zachary's troops were stationed thereat that 
time, and the ladies made and presented a tlag to 
them, the address being made by Mr. Edwin Tallia- 
ferro. General Magruder now took command of the 
troops. Among them was a brigade from Ceorgia 
under General McClaus. Colonel Ewell also was there 
with his regiment awaiting orders. All of them gal- 
lantly assisted the ladies in their work. Knowing the 
part Mrs Semple had taken in the noble work. Colonel 
Ewell asked General McClaus if he had called upon 
her. He answered, ' No, but I'll go directly." When 
turned from his visit to Mrs. Semple and the Col- 
onel a-sk.'d him what he thought of her, he said. " Why 
sir, I hadn't been in that room five minutes when, if 
she had -aid to me, 'McClaus, bring me a hucket of 
water from the spring.' 1 would have done it." 

So the women of that day helped the cause by cheer- 
ing the living and caring for the sick and wounded, 
and the beautiful woman who inaugurated such a 
glorious work still smil ' to every gen- 

erous and loyal deed for the good of nur loved South- 
land. The women of this generation also have a work 
to do, and they are banding together for the purpose. 
In Washington, besides the soldiers and their families, 
there are needy ones from every State who have been 
shipwrecked on theses of life. < mrSouthern Relief As- 
sociation is composed of about three hundred women 
wdio labor zealously in caring for this class, those who 
have no friends to help tin m. It i> refreshing^to meet 
with an organization - us ami loyal in spirit 

ami practice. When preparing for entertainments 
wealthy women don their aprons ami work by the side 
of those who are poor, oft times without knowing cadi 
others name. Every Southern heart that beats over a 
well rilled pocket should open it now. for soon our 
veterans will er the river." There they will 

neither want nor suffer. While honoring the dead let 
us not forget the living. 




Col. E. T. Lee, Monticello, [11., Assistant Secretary 
of the Shiloh Battlefield Association, composed of the 
old soldiers North and South, writes to tin- Veteran: 

The Shiloh Battlefield Association, at their recent 
meeting, adopted a charter which gives equal rights 
to all. The following i-. in substance, one (if tlie par- 
agraphs of the charter: "The survivors of both Bides 
of this great struggle, and their friends, are hereby tu 
have an equal and untrammeled right to perpetuate 
the memory of their dead and the location of their 
several positions in the progress of the battle in such 
way and manner as seems most desirable, subject only 
to such rules as may from time to time !»• enacted by 
the Association, it being the intention that this his- 
toric field, forever memorable for daring attack, stub- 
born resistance, gallant and persistent struggle, shall 
always be the common and sacred heritage of our 
whole people, and a lasting link of brotherhood and 
long-desired reconciliation." 

The Association is composed of the blue and the 
gray in equal numbers. A complete roster of all the 
survivors will he made, and annual reunions held 
on the battlefield. On such occasions the positions of 
all the various commands will lie marked. 

The bill for the purchase of the Shiloh Battlefield 
for a National Memorial Park is now before Congress. 
Col. Lee requests that you write your Congressmen 
and Senators asking them to give it their hearty 

The membership fee of this Association was placed 
at $5, which entitles all those paying that amount to 
a vote in all the proceedings, and to all privileges of 
the Association. 

Col. Lee concludes with an appeal for membership. 
Application should be made to James Williams, Sa- 
vannah. Teim. 


Under the auspices of the Ladies' .Memorial Asso- 
ciation of Monticello, their .Memorial Day was fittingly 
observed. The graves of the Confederate dead were 
adorned with flowers and garlands. Lev. B. L. Baker 
opened the exercises with prayer, after which Prof. B. 
C. Bondurant made the memorial address. He said: 

Thirty eventful years have passed away since the 
Star ot that young nation, which rose so pure and fail- 
above the battlements of Sumter, went down in 
darkness and defeat behind the gray hills of Appo- 
mattox. When we draw aside the shadowy curtain 
of those years and the mighty vision of that past rises 
up before us. we still feel our hearts beat quicker and 
our blood How faster at the shining deeds in battle 
done by men who offered up their stainless lives upon 
the sacred altars of their country's freedom, and on 
the field of carnage purchased immortality with death. 
In all these years of calm retrospect, when, at first, the 
Southern people saw their fields wasted, their homes 
desolated, their cities burnt to ashes, and their for- 
tunes wrecked; when their slaves sat smiling in the 
seats of power, and the itching palms of plunderers 
grasped the reins, and when in later years the South 
has burst the bands that bound her, When her cities 
have sprung up from their ashes, when her waste 

places have blossomed as the rose, and when she has 

arisen from the dust of disaster and put OH the beau- 
tiful garments of prosperity, rebuking the minion- of 
pow er that sought to lay their unhallowed hands upon 

her altars, and to fatten upon the spoils of her ruined 
fortune: — in all these years, when she has felt the con- 
queror's power, and when she has listened with breath- 
less interest to the conqueror's generous dying prayer 
for peace, in shadow and in sunshine, she has ever re- 
membered above her chief joys the men who, for her 
cause, on a hundred tields. "foremost fighting fell.'' 
1 would that my untried tongue could tell 
the story of their triumphs and their sorrows ; of how 4 
they hurled back the tierce tide of invasion at Manas- 
sas: of how they swept the Union lines at Fredericks- 
burg: of how they stepped boldly and lightly up the 
hill to death and glory at Gettysburg; of bow. in ten 
minutes. 13,000 Union men went down before their 
guns at Cold Harbor: of how. in charge after charge, 
they weltered in their blood at Chickamauga; and of 
how, in those dreary trenches before Richmond and 
Petersburg, when the black shadows of despair hung 
over a devoted people, they held at bay the grandest 
army ever assembled on this continent. It was such 
courage as this, my friends, that lias made that tat- 
tered -ray coat and that ragged gray cap the immortal 
emblems of a people's glory and the consecrated sym- 
bols of a people's sorrow. The suffering and destitu- 
tion of our soldiers exceeded that at Valley Forge, yet 
it was borne with something of that sublime patience 
with which the meek and low ly Saviour, in the garden 
of Gethsemane and on the cross of Calvary, lit up the 
annals of a dying world. 

Wherever a Southern hero sleeps Southern woman 
will guard and beautify his grave, reminding the world 
of her devotion to a glorious cause; of how she lived 

and loved and worked and prayed for that cause ; of 
how, by the untiring labor of her hands, she fed and 

clothed vast armies; of howshe moved, a ministering 
angel, among the wounded and dying: of how. by her 
gentle words and noble deeds and wholesouled prayers. 
she transformed many a dreary hospital into an outer 
court of Paradise. 

Dr. K. W. Parker, now of Sutherland. Iowa, who 
was a private in the 7th Wisconsin Infantry, furnishes 
the following: On July 1st, about 5 o'clock p. m.. alter 
the 1st Army Corps bad passed through the town of 
Gettysburg, Pa., the 17th Virginia Regiment formed a 
line of battle north of the Cashtown pike in rear of a 
one-story brick bouse. On a hill southeast of the 
town a battery of ! '2-pound howit/ers opened on the 
17th Virginia, one of the shells exploding in their 
immediate front, a fragment striking the Major under 
the chin, cutting a semi-circular flap, also tearing the 
flesh from the left shoulder. The Major remained 
standing, and repeatedly pressed the loose Hap of flesh 
back in place with the hack of his right hand. He 
bad stood there some minutes when the < ailed, 

"Here, boys, here; some of you come and help the 
Major off." I was a prisoner at the time, helping care 
for some of our wounded, and barely escaped a part 
of the shell that hurt the Major. Did he get well? 

Capt. R. II. I'helps, LaG range, Texas, writes, upon 
his return home from Birmingham: I congratulate 
you on the Yetekan having been made the official 
organ, and wish you unbounded success. 





11V A. .1. RKijl'IKR. 

Fold UP the gorgeous silken sun. 

By bleeding martyrs blest, 
\ ti«l heap tin- laurels it has wn 
Above its place of rest. 

No trumpet's note Deed hardly Mare, 
No drum funereal roll, 

Nor trailing sables drape the Mer 
That frees a dauntless soul! 

It lived « ith Lee, ami decked his brow 
From Fate's empyreal Palm; 

11 Bleeps the sleep of Jackson now. 
\- Bpotless and as calm. 

It was outnumbered, not outdone, 

And they shall shuddering tell 
Who slruek the Mow : its latest gun 
Flashed ruin as it fell, 

81e< p, shrouded Ensign! not the breese 

That smote the victor tar 
With death across the heaving » BS 

< M Bery Trafalgar; 

Vol Arthur's knights, amid the gloom, 
Their knightly deeds have starred; 

Not Callic Henry's matchless plume, 
Nor peerless horn Bayard. 

Not all that antique Fables feign, 
And Orient dreams disgorge ; 

Nor yet the silver cross oi ^pain, 
\nd Lion of St 1 ,. 

Can hid thee pale! Proud emblem, still 

Thy crimson glory shines 

Bevond the lengthened shades that till 
[heir proudest kingly lines. 

sleep in thine own historic night, 

Lnd he thy blazoned scroll ; 
\ warrior's banner takes it* flight 
To gieet the warrior's soul' 

A sTom is going the rounds, credited to Bhu and 
Gray, to the effect that Gen. Leonidas Polk and an- 
other General, not a bishop, were both knocked - 

less by a common shot in the Georgia campaign (dur- 
ing which campaign Gen. Polk wae afterward killed), 
and as they recovered consciousness (ion. Polk ex- 
claimed, "0 Lord, where am 1'.'" "In hades," re- 
marked his companion, and then, "have mercy on 

me." followed, with the explanation, " If is here 

it must he true." 

This story may have heen made out of a fact told 

me by the late Chief Justice Turney, of Tenm 
now Governor of the Volunteer state. In the awful 
battle of Fredericksburg he was Col. Turney, and 
commanded the 1st Tennessee Regiment. His Major. 
Felix G. Buchanan, was shot down, a cannon hall 
dishing the top of his soft black hat. the jagged edges 
and brim being thickened by his life blood. He was 
carried off for dead. Col. Turney gave specific orders 
that Buchanan's grave he well marked, as lie felt cer- 
tain the Major's father would send after his body. 
The battle raged fiercely on, and a bullet entering Col. 
Turney's mouth passed through the neek. It wae an 
awful wound, and the gallant officer was expected to 
die. He was carried to the rear, and was unconscious 
for a long time. His brain rallied to reason, however, 
just as he was carried into a Richmond hospital. He 
says, " 1 thought I was dead. I saw Buchanan, and I 

knew he was dead." 

The death of Senator Zehnlon B. Vance, of North 
Carolina, should have heen mentioned in the last Vet- 
m. \n. for he was prominently connected with the 
Confederacy. The story is credited to and may have 
originated with him, that when he and hi- command 
awaiting some minutes before going into a Bevere 
charge upon the enemy, a rabbit jumped and was 
making to the rear, he said, "Go it, Molly Cotton Tail; 
if 1 had no more reputation at stake than you 1 would 
run too." When the war wa- over and every thing 
was in confusion, and misrule was rampant, it was 
GOV. Vance who put tilings right and saved the State. 

In the Democrat ligns tor many years he was 

tie central figure, and when it was known that'Yance 
would speak in any corner of the State great crowds 
would dock to hear him. He was perhaps the fun- 
niest man in the Senate before his health becai 
impaired that he was compelled to he more Berious. 
He was not only funny, hut hroadminded and 
on tin great political questions of the period. He 
was often invited to speak on important occasions in 

the North and Y.:\<\. and was ever highly appro iated, 
and reflected honor upon the "Old North State " 

Senator Vance was in had health for two or three 
before his death. He was three times Governor, 

and as often chosen United State- s., .,,;,(, , r 

1:1 minisci sci - r.\ r r. ini. 

Augusta Chronicle: While on a -cut in King and 
Queen Counties, being pursued by a detachment of 
Federal cavalry, we took to the woo, is. and dodging 

down tin' hanks of the Rappahannock, found a dug- 
out concealed in some hushes, hut no paddles. Tear- 
»me clap-boards off the roof of a deserted house 
by, "Sandy." Cued ton Coleman one of tin R08- 
troopers .and myself shoved the canoe into the 
river and pulled away for Port Royal, hut before we 
had gotten two hundred yards out the yanks rode tip 
and ordered us back. " Sandy," who was in the -\< 1 11. 
1 *me his "Enfield" we were all paddling for 
dear life with the clap-board paddles, and kneeling 
down at that— with "Cap., you do the shooting, • 
man will load and I will paddle." No thought of sur- 
render there 1 had to do tie tiring lying on my 
hack. ( 'oleman loaded kneeling, while " Sandy " and 
tie' current that we had jvj '■ carried us to the 

otherside. It was rather ticklish work — " Sandy " said 
he had to "shift his quid to balance the boat;" hut 
my firing made them dismount and take to cover, and 
that gave us time to get farthei "if. We always thought 
1 hit one. as they dismounted almost as Boon as 1 tired 
and hurriedly moved their horse- hack from the hank. 
1 only had their smoke to lire at afterward, as they 
laid down on the grass on the hank. All honor to the 
Confederate soldier who, like "Sandy" Guedron, al- 
ways did his duty. 

.1. L. SoiiAi b, LaGrange, Ga . publishes a card stat- 
ing that he served in the 14th North Carolina Regi- 
ment, Army of Northern Virginia; enlisted in April, 
t'.i, served to April, '65, and names twenty-five battles 
in which he participated, beginning at Yorktown and 
ending with Appomattox, and forty skirmishes. 



IThc (Confederate Veteran. 

One Dollar a Year. 8. A. CUNNINGHAM. Editor. 
OfnV" at B 1 Corner church and Cherry st-.. s, ml pi 

This publication is tbe personal property of 8. A. Cannlngbam. 
All persons who approve It, and look (•• its benefits ■■>- an 
for Associations throughout tbe South, are requested to commend 
lt« patnmuge and to co-operate In extending it. 

The Veteran refers editorially to the Grand Army 
matter mentioned in the proceedings at United Con- 
federate Veterans Reunion at Birmingham. I>r. .lones' 
explanation will 1"- approved and disapproved by good 
men. There is no other phrase so disagreeable as the 
"'' A I!." and the three measured huzzahs, to the 
average Southerner, whether a Confederate veteran or 
not. Politicians bave taken advantage of their con- 
nection with the organization to do some of the vilest 
things known. We of the South wonder how good 
men have remained in the organization, when it lias 
been insolent even to our tattered and blood-stained 
which their true men must respect, and which 
IS the most sacred of all earthly emblems to those who 
Buffered under and for it. The "unreconstructed" 
could hardly wish stronger emphasis than this. 

But there is another view to take of it. Veterans 
of hotli armies are proud of their war associations and 
of their sacrifices for principle. This pride lias caused 
many thousands to continue in the organization de- 
spite their indignation against political leaders, while 
many other thousands have withdrawn from it. As 
an organization the (J rand Army of the Republic may 
not merit the consideration shown it by the resolution. 
and yet the Southern people, who have made greater 
sacrifice than any other people on the earth, can con- 
sistently enougb invite them to come, in the hope 
that hitter sentiment will prevail, and that a better 
element may yet get control and exert its powerful in- 
fluence for the good of our common country? The 
Veteran took position long ago that the Confederate 
soldier was more patriotic than the average soldier for 
the Union. The Confederates fought through the four 
years without pay and through far greater privation. 
Again, they were almost all of American ancestry. 

Let us prove true to the end. It is comforting that 
thousands of (I rami Army veterans are realizing the 
truth as they have not heretofore, and we must do 
every thing possible for the glory of those who went 
down in the struggle, and for blessing to the gem-ra- 
tions alter ii-. 

It is a coincidence that just as the foregoing was 
finished this letter comes from \V. I-:. Chidcster, Com- 
mander of a Grand Army Tost at Alexandria, Minn.: 

Permit me to add, we feel that did you not revere 

the memory of your dead comrades you would he un- 
worthy of the name of brave and honorable men: 
that the action taken by the people of various South- 
ern States in granting pensions to the men who sacri- 

ficed so much at their call, are fulfilling their sacred 
pledge; that the bitterest enemies of the Northern 
soldier are those who became rich during ami through 

lie conditions resultant of the war. ami the Northern 
and the Southern stay-at-homes, while some of their 
most loyal friends are among the "Southern briga- 
diers" -o called) of Congress, as well a- among the 
whole body of those who wore the gray in the front 
ranks of the Confederates. 

FIonob t" Houston, Texas, for her zeal in securing 
the mxt Annual Convention of United Confederate 
Veterans! The committee appointed to secure the 
selection of that city comprised the Mayor. Hon. Jno. 
T. Browne, 1!. M. Johnston, editor of the Houston 
Boat, Norman (J. Kittrell, the gifted lawyer, Will Lam- 
bert, Commander, and C. C. Beavans. Adjutant Diet 
Dowling Camp. In a circular they say. "Do you 
know Houston'.'" and comment as follows : 

Population of Houston, 61,530; area of Houston. ;> 
square miles; taxable values, $20,350,000; scholastic 
population, 9,403; registered vote. 8,381; hank clear- 
ings, 1893 — average per day $862, l">7. average per week 
$5,184,742, total for year $269,549,060; cotton receipts, 
1892-93, 1,068,528 bales; cotton receipts, 1893-94, with 
four months to come, 1,015,101 hales: live compresses, 
and one of them the largest in the world: five cotton 
seed mills: real estate transfers, 1893, 2,658; valua- 
tion, $10,366,049; building permits, 1893, 607; esti- 
mated value of buildings, $930,305: center for eleven 
railroads, with mileage of 8,500 miles; largest hotels 
in the South; thirty-eight miles of electric street rail- 

Confederates should plan to go to Houston. The 
great State has done so much for the U. C. V. cause 
that a superb representation should go to their reunion 
in 1895. Her people have made up their minds to ex- 
cel in royal entertainment. Let thousands be there 
to share it. 

W'ohk on the Government Park at Chickamauga is 
progressing nicely. Over $200,000 has been expended 
on roadways, and from $."><M),000 to 8400.000 in acquir- 
ing and clearing lands. The government possessions 
at present embrace about six square miles. The mon- 
uments so far are about equal in honoring Confeder- 
ate with Federal heroes. 

The venerable W. Cart Johnson writes, with tremu- 
lous hand, from Orlando, Fla. : Your last number is 
just splendid. It is growing better in size, in make-up 
and in popularity. Here's three rebel yells for the 
success of the Veteran, and here's the money for the 

Mis- Etta Mitchell, Mississippi representative at 
Birmingham Reunion, incloses subscription with this 

note: "Jackson, Miss., May 2 — I beg that you nuiuhei 
me among the subscribers to your delightfully patri- 
otic Confederate Veteran. 




Much praise is due Commander R. X. Rhodes, who 
has championed the movement for a ( Confederate Mon- 
ument at Birmingham. During the reunion it- 
ner-stone was laid. [The Veteran for April and Sou- 
venir were of the articles deposited.] Gen. Stephen 
]). Lee made the address. In it he -aid: 

Loyalty to the pasl is a duty. Peeling that w e were 
right we Btaked all on the uncertain chances of battle, 
and we lost. We were overpowered, and we had to 
Bubmit to the result, hut we cannot 1>. otherwise than 
proud of the history we made while a nation. We 
are here to-day not to praise the victorious, 'ait to 
ii imperishable renown for the vanquished. 

When we look backward from tie zenith of lite w. 
Bee things with a clearer vision. We see man} causes 
that brought on the struggle. For slavery, the indi- 
rect eause of the war. the North is as much responsible 
as the South. A.8 to the doctrine of •■ States' rights," 

the right of a sovereign state to withdraw from the 
Union, the question is decided forever against us. If 
we are not convince. 1 we are quieted. We accept the 
inevitable with such grace as we can, but we cannot 
blot it from our recollections. We cannot yield the 
belief in the principles we inherited from our revolu- 
tionary forefathers. We fought for what they did. 
but they had better luck. War was forced on us. 
Constitutional and sac-red guarantees agreed on in one 
union of sovereign States were trampled under foot 
under the theory promulgated by Mr. Seward and ac- 
cepted bj the North, of a * higher law than the Con- 
stitution." We were invaded We were forced to de- 
fend our hearthstones and our property and the in- 
herited rights of local self-government bequeathed us 
by our forefathers. We need no justification for our 

conduct. It is a universal law that B man should de- 
fend his own. We did that and that only. We would 
have deserved to lie trampled on if we had not resisted 
See how gloriously we did it. Look at our record. 
Never did a nation contend against such odds. 1 defy 
contradiction. Head for yourselves tin- war records 
now being honestly published by our government. 

My young fellow-countrymen, young gentlemen, 
young ladies, listen to me — you who have lived since 
the war and have only heard of it from others. Learn 
now what this monument, the corner-stone of which 
is now to he laid, is intended to commemorate. Look 
at these gray-haired veterans. Who are they'. 1 I will 
tell you. They air some of the survivors of an army 
of 600,000 men who fought and kept back from our 
Southern soil an invading army of 2,864,272 men not 
including three and six months volunteers . or with 
the odd- of 2,264,272 men more than they had to eon- 
front them. To this great odd- must be added 600 
Is of war blockading our coasts ami occupying 
our rivers, manned by 35,000 sailors, preventing our 
getting supplies of arms, provisions, clothing, medi- 
cines, and necessaries of all kinds. In this unequal 
contest the Confederate Army did not lay down its 
arms until it was completely overpowered, and it had 
only 100,000 effective fighting men for dutyin the 
Geld left of that army of 600,000, while the Federals 

had over 1,000,000 men for duty, or ten men for everj 
Confederate soldier, and all our arsenals, munitions 
of war ami supplies were exhausted or captured. 
Before the end of the conflict the Confederate army 

had lost over one-half of the 600,000 men, or 325,000 

men on the death roll. It had fought over our be- 
loved Southland almost foot by foot, on nearly -J.ihki 
battlefields. It had inflicted a death roll on the enemy 
of 359,528 men. 275,000 of whom lie buried beneath 
our Southern soil. Comrades of the gray, we made a 
record unsurpassed in the annals of war or history. 

Rev. A. T.Good] oe, author of " Some Rebel Relics," 
has a letter from a gentleman in South Carolina com- 
plaining at the title of his book. Mr. < roodloe quotes 

from a memorable Bpeech made at a Tennessee reunion 
by Hon. Ed. Baxter in reply, in which he said: 

"The history of the English people is a history of 
■ maintain their rights and liberties 
against the tyranny and oppression of the governing 
powers. To the American citizen who has carefully 
read the history of the race Irom which we sprang. 
I convey- no suspicion of dishonor or 
reproach. It is a term which tyrannical governments 

it all times applied to people who have the COUr- 
-i-t their oppression, and while tyrannical 
governments may intend to use the term, rel- 
one of reproach, every true lover of liberty who knoii - 
hi- history must regard it as a title of honor; history 
prove- that it is a title of liberty which is older and 

honorable than the king- prerogative; it 
title which was originally won by the BWOrd, it has 
been maintained by the sword, and unless it be de- 
fended by the sword, liberty will perish from the face 
of the earth. All the riLrlits, privileges, and inmiuni- 

ou enjoyed by the American people we: 
quired for them by rebels and will be bequeathed to 
them by rebels. There cannot be found to-day in all 
this world a man in whose veins doe- not flow the 
blood of a rebel, whether of English descent or not. 
Allow me to add that any man deserves this honorable 
title who is ready to tight, regardless of doubts or con- 
Bequences for the rights of life, liberty, and property. 
These are the things for which we fought, ami we 
counted not tie cost when we bade defiance to the 
enemy'- forces that undertook to despoil us of them." 

The promptness with which nearly $■>.<**> of the 
12,500 wanted to finish paying for the Confederate 
Monument at Chicago was raised was animating and 
delightful to veterans. Gen. Underwood had made in 
Chicago a plaster east of the statue and had it ert 
in the Wigwam as a surprise — a magnetic sensation. 
It is the statue of a private soldier with folded hand-, 
uncovered in solemn meditation, but manly and no- 
ble in bearing. 

THE Society of the Army and Navy of the Confed- 
erate States, for the State of Maryland, will partici- 
pate in the ceremonies attending the unveiling of the 
■■ Monument to the Private Soldiers" in Richmond on 
May 30th. They will go by the York Liver Line, the 
committee having chartered the steamer Baltimore for 
the trip. Tickets for the round trip $5, and good to 
return for live days. The members of the Society are 
urged to make this excursion asuccess by going them- 
selves and bringing it to the attention of their friends. 
The fad that the monument i< erected to the memory 
of the private soldier of the Confederacy should in- 
duce every member to go. Much interest is mani- 
fested in the event. 



THE CAUS1 "I llll. W'Ai: 

Hon. John H. Reagan, of Texas, who is the only 
surviving member of tin- original Confederate Cabi- 
net, attended the reunion at Waco last month, and in 
an address upon the causee of the war, Baid: 

This presence revives many hallowed memories ol 
the past. It calls up the memory of the days when 
husbands separated from wives and children: when separated from fathers and mothers, brothers and 
sisters; when loving and loved ones left their homes 
to enter the armies of the Confederacy, with hearts 
proudly responding to the rails of patriotism, and ach- 
ing for those who were left at home. It calls to mind 
the forming of military organizations, and their march 
to the seat of war, buoyant with hope under bright 
new banners, in the presence o( smiles which came 
through tears, the waving of handkerchiefs, the silent 
prayer of hope and love, and the soulful good-live — 
God bless you. It calls to mind the long marches, the 
scenes around the camp fires, and anxious prepara- 
tion- for battle. It brings before the mind anew the 
panorama of battle. It calls up the memories of first 
Manassas, of Seven Tines, of tin- seven days in front 
of Richmond, of Fredericksburg, of Second Manassas, 
of Sharpsburg, of Gettysburg. It reminds us of Fort 
Donelson, of Shiloh and Corinth, of Chickamauga, 
of Lookout Mountain, of Flkhorn, of Vicksburg, of 
Stone's River, of Atlanta, of Murfreesboro, of Frank- 
lin, where Pat Cleburne and other heroes fell, and of 
a hundred other fields on which Confederate skill and 
courage and constancy were displayed. It causes a re- 
newal of our admiration and love for such great Cap- 
tains as Robert E. Lee, Stonewall .lack-on, Sidney 
Johnston, Joseph E. Johnston, Beauregard, Bragg, 
Longstreet, Hood. Kirbv-Smith. Gordon, Cleburne, 
Polk. Price, Breckinridge, Granbury, Randall. Scurry. 
Ector, Cabell. Ross, Waul. Ren McCulloch, John I 1 
Tom Green, W. II. F. and Fit/.hugh Fee. .1. F. R. Stu- 
art. Forrc-t. Wheeler, and a hundred other heroic lead- 
ers ill the l08t cause. 

Great as was the ability and courage and purity of 
our Generals, who deservedly achieved a world-wide 

lame, and proud as we were and are of their characters 
and virtues, we turn with still greater pride and ho- 
lier reverence, if such a thing be possible, to the mem- 
ory of the subaltern officers and private soldiers wdio, 
for four weary year- of privation, suffering, carnage 
and death, carried the banners of the Confederacy and 
offered their lives on the altar of their country 6 lib- 
erty: because they served and suffered without the in- 
centive of office and rank, animated solely by their 
love of home, country and liberty, and their devotion 

to a cause dearer to them than life. There were feat- 
ures in the struggle of the Confederacy which must 
hold their place in history as long as the admiration 
of genius and courage and virtue shall survive. 

• if late years we frequently hear the inquiries as to 
what caused this great war, with all its sacrifices of life 
and property'.' Sometimes this inquiry is doubtleBE 
made bv those seeking information, hut others make 
that inquiry in order to belittle the war and those who 
were engaged in it. A struggle which cost hundreds 
of thousands of valuable lives, and by which many 
billions of money was spent and property sacrificed, 
could hardly have been engaged in without sufficient 
cause. * * * 

During colonial times in this country the political 
authorities of Great Britain, Spain, and France, and 
the Dutch merchant- planted African slavery in all 

the North American colonies. At the time of the 
declaration of American independence, 177»i. African 
slavery existed in all of the thirteen colonies. At the 
date of the adoption of the Federal Constitution, 1787, 
African slavery existed in all of the States except one. 

The commercial reason for the planting of African 

slavery in this country was 110 doubt Stimulated by 
the hope of ease and gain. It was at the same time 
justified by the Church on the ground that the negroes 
were taken from a condition of heathenish barbarism 
and cannibalism and brought to where they could be 
taught the arts of civilization and industry, and w here 
they could be instructed in the doctrine- and practices 
of the Christian religion. I am not discussing the 
question now a< to whether this practice and these 
views were correct: I am only telling you what was 
done and thought to be right by our ancestors and by 
the great governments of the world. When the Con- 
stitution of the United States, the compact of union, 
was adopted it recognized the right of property in 
African slaves. The African slave trade was then still 
being carried 011. and the Constitution of the United 
States provided that it should not be prohibited by 
Congress prior to the year 1808, twenty years after the 
adoption of the Constitution. It also provided that 
slaves escaping from one State into another should not 
be discharged from service or labor, but should lie de- 
livered up to the owner. There were differences of 
opinion as to the rightfulness of slavery among the 
men who formed the Constitution. Subsequently, 
and before 1861, a number of the Northern State-. 
where slave labor was not thought to be profitable, 
abolished that institution, and by degrees a strong 
prejudice grew up against slavery, first among philan- 
thropists and religionists, and then in a number of 
states it became a political question. The agitation 
of this question was not at lirst entirely sectional, but 
it became so subsequently. Its agitatian, as early as 
1820, threatened the perpetuity of the Union. The 
agitation went on until it resulted in civil war and 
bloodshed in Kansas. This was followed by the inva- 
sion of Virginia by John Brown and his deluded fol- 
lowers for the purpose of inaugurating civil and ser- 
vile war in that State. And when hi' was executed 
for his crimes Northern churches were draped in 
mourning, and their bells tolled in token of their sym- 
pathy with him and sorrow for his fate. In the Thirty- 
fifth ( longreSS, when the agitation was threatening the 
peace of the country, thirty-odd propositions of com- 
promise were made for the purpose of averting the 
danger of disunion: all of these, without exception, 
were made either by Southern members or Northern 
Democratic members. And every such proposition 
which was presented in the House of Representatives 
was received by the Republican members with hoot- 
ing and expressions of derision, and the Southern 
members were often told that they had to submit to 
the will of the majority. The Constitution was de- 
nounced bv some of the agitators as a league with hell 
and a covenant with death, and the agitators claimed 
that there was a higher law than the Constitution. 
In the campaign of I860 the Republicans nominated 
as their anti-slavery ticket both their candidates for 
President and Vice President from the Northern States, 
a thing which had not occurred before that time, ex- 



cept in the election of Gen. Jackson as President anil 
Mr. Calhoun as Vice President, both from Southern 
Slater, in 1828, when there was no Bectional issue. 

In 1832 the peace of t hi' country, if not the integ- 
rity of the Union, was threatened on the questi< 
the revenue policy of the government, which led to 
the steps taken hy South Carolina to nullify the acts 
of Congress hy which duties on imports and for the 
protection of home industries were levied in a way 
which, it was believed, did not hear equally on the 
different parts of the country, and which was believed 

to involve a violation of the Constitution. Both these 
were questions which cum,' up umler the broader and 
greater question of the proper construction of the Con- 
stitution of the United States, In the Federal Con- 
vention of 1 787, which framed the Constitution of the 
United States, the question as to the character of the 
government we were to have, and of the (powers which 
were to be conferred on it. and in the conventions ol 
the States which ratified the Constitution, were very 
ably discussed, some of the members in each prefer- 
ring a strong Federal Government, and other-, jealous 
of the rights of the States, and more Bolicitous for the 
liberties of the people, preferring a government with 
limited powers. 

The States represented in the I ederal Convention 
were each free, sovereign and independent. The Con- 
stitution formed by that Convention and ratified by 
the States conferred on the government so formed 1 er- 
tain specified and limited powers necessary to enable 
it to conduct our foreign and federal relations, i 

ing to the state- respectively and to the people all the 
powers nol so delegated. The question wa- 
in the Convention as to what should be done in case 
of disagreement between the Federal Government and 
one or more of the State-. A proposition was made 
by Alexander Hamilton to confer on the Federal Gov- 
ernment power to coerce refractory state-, and it was 
voted down. So this power was not expressly given 
by the Constitution, and was not embraced in the 

powers which were given. 

1 Miring President Washington's administration, be- 
ing the first under the Constitution, the question as 

to whether the Constitution should be Strictly con- 
strued so as to preserve the reserved rights of the 
state-, or should receives latitudinous construction, 
looking to strengthening the government beyond the 
power- delegated by it. was sharply made bet 
Thomas Jefferson, the Sei retary of State, contending 
for its strict construction, and Alexander Hamilton, 
contending for a broader construction. 

During the administration of the eld< I \dams tin' 
Congress, with the approval of the President, passed 
what is known in the history of the times as tin 1 alien 
and sedition laws. The strict constructionists, under 
the lead of Mr. Jefferson, denied the constitutionality 
of these laws, and charged that they endangered the 
liberty of the citizens. Under this issue the V.meri- 
can people agreed with Mr. Jefferson, ami elected him 
President in the year INK', and again in 1804. 

In the year 1798 the Legislature of Kentucky, and 
in the year 17'. ,( .» the Legislature of Virginia, passed 
resolutions denouncing the alien and sedition laws as 
violative of the Constitution and dangerous to liberty, 
and asserted the right of the States to protect them- 
selves against unconstitutional laws and acts of the 
Federal Government, And in these resolutions they 
led the right of the States to protect the people 

against the unconstitutional acts and arbitrary power 
of the Federal Government, and that they were the 
judges of their rights and remedies, but that this 
power was not to he exercised by them except in ex- 
treme cases, when there was no other remedy. I'nder 
this issue what was known as the Federal party went 
out of power and out of existence. And undei 
as the doctrine of the then Republican party, which 
afterward became the Democratic party. Mr. Jefferson, 
Mr. Madi-on and Mr. Monroe, successively held the 
office of President of the United Mates for twenty- 
four - i years. It was always the doctri 
the Democratic party down to I860, and was specific- 
ally indorsed by its national conventions in several 
canvasses for President and Vice President preceding 
the war. 

I am not Baying whether this is or is not the doe- 
trine of the Democratic party now. I am only reciting 
fact- to -how the opinion- which prevailed be- 
the war between the State-, and in a large 
ure guided the people of the Southern -tat,- when 
they passed their ordinaii ,n. Tliev be- 

lieved a public opinion had been created in the North- 
ern State-- which threatened tl ■ F the country 

and the rights of the people. They believed the Con- 
stitution of the United State- had cea-ed t,, 1„ a shield 

for their protection, and that their safety and welfare 
made it necessary for them to withdraw from the 
Union and forma government friendly to their peo- 
ple, and under which their rights would he secured to 
them. They were in part led to this conclusion by 
thp facts I have stated, and by the additional facts 
that the people of the Northern S lad repudiated 

the provisions of the Constitution and of the . 
Congress, which were intended to protect them in the 
enjoyment of their local, social, ami domestic institu- 
tions, and which were intended to protect 13,000,000,- 
IHKI of property in slave-; that they hail i, 
a decision of the Supreme Court of the United - 
whicl ed the doctrine of the Constitution and 

law-; ,,f Congress on this subject; that some "f the 
Northern State- had passed law- forbidding their au- 
thorities and people from aiding I be the pro- 
visions of the Constitution and law- requiring the 
rendition of fugitive slav. 

The-e things and other- of like character i aused the 
Southern States to attempt to withdraw from the 
Union. And the principles I have called to view and 
the facts I hay, referred to led to tin- great war which 

30 much blood and treasure. And these prim 
and facts are the answer to the new generatioi 
why their fathers gave their services, their property, 
and their live- in that war: and why brave men fought 
and died, and why holy men, pure and noble women 
prayed for tie - >rs and Repre- 

sentatives in Congress, and officers of the army and 
naw surrendered their offices ami emoluments, and 
abandoned a condition of peace and security and 
offered their fortunes and their live- in so unequal a 
contest: and why the people at large in tie 
with remarkahle unanimity, staked every earthly 
thing which was precious ami dear to them in so un- 
equal a war. rather than submit to the degradation of 
living under a violated Constitution and laws, and 
heing compelled to accept only such rights in the 
Cnion as might he accorded to them by the grace of a 
hostile popular majority. 

A number of persons who are specially wise after 



the fact have said we had better have compromised 
than to have accepted battle with such a preponder- 
ance of population ami wealth and the power of an 
organized government against us. Can any one point 
to an instance in history where principles of such 
magnitude and property of such value were settled by 
a compromise? As well have asked why our revolu- 
tionary fathers did cot compromise with King I leorge. 
It was one of those cases which, under all the circum- 
stances, could only be settled by appeal to the god of 
battles. And those who think a settlement could 
have Keen made by a compromise certainly cannot 
have been familiar with the fart- which led to the 
war. Horace Greeley, in the preface to his history of 
what he calls the rebellion, said: '"The war might 
have been broughton a little earlier or it might have 
been postponed to a little later date, hut sooner or 
later it was inevitable." And he spoke the truth. It 
is unreasonable t" assume that statesmen, philanthro- 
pists, citizens iii the ordinary walks of life, the minis- 
ters "!' religion, and the women of the country, would 
needles>ly and without great provocation have con- 
sented to engage in a war of such magnitude, and that, 
too, when numbers, the materials of war and a pow- 
erful government was to he encountered by a people 
without a general government, without an army, 
without a uavy, ami without a treasury. 1 do not 
believe that any people, in any age, ever entered into 
a war with higher, purer or holier purposes; nor do 1 
believe that any people in the worlds history ever 
displayed more patriotism or made greater sacrifices, 
or exhibited greater endurance and courage than the 
soldiers and people of the Confederate states. 

You will understand that in making these state- 
ments 1 am not doing so to renew the passions and 
prejudices of the war. or to question the patriotism of 
the men who fought for the Union. 1 doubt not that 
their patriotism was pure and their belief that they were 
in the light as strong a - ours. I am discussing these as 
tin- facts of history, which, if not kept in view by our 
people, might make posterity question the patriotism 
and virtue of the noble men who fought in that and 
of the pure women who prayed for their success. No 
one can feel more gratification that the war is ended 
and that peace and fraternal good will is restored 
between the people North and South than 1. And 1 
can meet and greet the soldier who wore the hlue as a 
friend and brother, and am glad that many of them 
have made their homes among us. We are now under 
the same government flag. We have the same laws 
ami language. We read the same Bible and worship 
the Same God, and we arc the same people, with the 
same hopes and aspirations and destiny. 

< Ine 01 the proudest memories of that great war is of 

the conduit of the women of the Confederacy. They 
willingly gave their fathers, husbands and brothers to 
the service of the Confederacy. In very many cases 
they took upon themselves the burden of supporting 
their families, both aged parents and children, by 
their own labor. And in the struggles to take care of 
home affairs they would spin and weave and knit and 
make up garments for their loved ones, both at home 
and in the ranks of the army. They denied themselves 
the ordinary comforts of life in order to help to supply 
the army, to take care of the sick and wounded 
soldiers, to feed and clothe such as were in their reach. 
Many good women who before the war were only 
engaged in such indoor and delicate employment as 

the custom- of the country bad assigned to women, in 
the absence of the male members of their familes in 

the army, to support their families planted and culti- 
vated and gathered the necessary field crops, chopped 
and hauled w I. and fed and attended to the stock. 

cheerfully accepting such duties as their part of the 
sacrifices necessary to achieve the independence of the 
( 'onfederai !J , 

If time permitted, this might be illustrated by many 
striking instances of the grand heroism of our women, 
a moral heroism even greater and grander than that 
of the soldier who fell in the excitement of battle. I 
am tempt., 1 to mention one such incident, as told me 
by ( lovernor Letcher, of Virginia, during the war. He 
had visited his home at Staunton, and returning had 
stopped at the house of an old friend. Seeing none 
but the good lady at home, he inquired about the 
balance of the family. Her reply was that her hus- 
band, her husband's lather, and her ten 30n8 were in 
the same company in the army. He said to her that 
having been accustomed to have a large family around 
her she must feel very lonely. This noble matron 
replied: "YeB, it is very hard to be alone, but if I 
had ten more sons they should all be in the army." 
Can any one be surprised that a country whose women 
were capable of such sacrifices and sufferings willingly 
endured, and devotion to and prayers for their coun- 
try's cause, should have prolonged the struggle for 
independence alter its army had been reduced by 
casualties in battle and otherwise to a mere skeleton, 
whose money had been depreciated until it had but 
little purchasing power, whose soldiers were hall 
naked, with barely food sufficient to sustain life, and 
whose country had been desolated by the ravages of 

The world's history can hardly show an instance in 
which stub courage and constancy and devotion has 
been shown by both men and women, in the face of so 
powerful an enemy. And 1 predict that in the not 
distant future some Macau lay will be found who will 
do justice to their patriotism and skill and courage; 
and that, the citizens of all parts of the Union, North 
and South, will feel a just pride in the facts that such 
men and women and their descendants form a part of 
the population of this great republic; as we of the 
South shall feel a just pride in being citizens of a 
country which produced a Davis and a Lincoln, a Lee 
and a Grant, a Stonewall Jackson and a Sherman, and 
their respective compatriots. With all our pride on 
ace, unit of the qualities exhibited by our people dur- 
ing the war, perhaps the most striking illustration of 
their capacity for self-government is shown by their 
conduct since it ended. Their country desolated by 
tin war: their wealth and resources exhausted; tens 
of thousands of their best men filling honorable graves 
on the fields of battle; their social and domestic insti- 
tutions dest roved ; their local governments annulled 
under the policy of reconstruction : denied the bless- 
ings of civil government; the military made para- 
mount to the civil authorities; the right of the writ 
of habeas corpus suspended ; arrests without affidavits 
of guilt and without warrant; citizens liable to be 
tried by drum-head military courts; freedmen's 
bureaus established everywhere, under the control of 
the military and of a set of lawless camp followers of 
thi' army, stimulating the negroes to hostility to the 
whites; with an alien race made dominant who were 
unused to the exercise of the duties of citizenship, and 


J 49 

unqualified for Belf-government; with no security fur 
life, person or property; overwhelmed by all these 
'Calamities, that the people Bhould have been able to 
reorganize society, and to reestablish civil govern- 
ment, revive the ordinary ind <i the country, 
and in less than thirty years, reach the condition of 
general prosperity which now prevails throughout the 
Southern States, furnishes the strongest possible proof 
of the capacity of our people for the preservation of 
social order and for Belt-government; and cannot fail 
to secure for them the good opinion of the civilized 

I wish to say something about reunions, like the 
present, of the soldiers of both the Southern and the 
Northern armies. Some persons object to them 
because they fear the effect will be to revive and per- 
petuate the passions and prejudices of the war. I 
think this is a mistaken view. That they cai 
revival of the memories of the war is true, but it does 
not necessarily follow thai Buch meetings will revive 
the passions and prejudices of the war. Many instan- 
ces have occurred in both the South and the North in 
which the soldiers of the two sides have met together, 
and in fraternal kindness recounted the triumphs and 
glories of their respective armies, those of the one Bide 
feeling thai those of the other were entitled to their 
respect, and all feeling that they were now fellow-cit- 
izens and brethren. 

That war will go down in history as one of the great 
wars of the world the officers distinguished for skill 
and the soldiers distinguished for courage rarely 
equalled in ancient (ir modern times. As lung as 
patriotism and love of country and admiration for 
skill and courage survive, the memory of the achii ve- 
ments on both sides will gratify American pride and 
stimulate American patriotism and valor. 

A people without a history cannot command respei t. 
One of the offices of history is to perpetuate achieve- 
ments in religion, in the arts, in the sciences, in arm-, 

and in government, and so to cultivate the lo 
country and the glory of 8 people. 

Whatever lingering prejudice may still exist, pre- 
venting any of the people of either side from doing 

justice to the memory and motive of those on the 

other side, must in a Few more decades entirely give 
way, and then the son- and daughters of the late Con- 
federates will he proud of the valor and achievements 
of the Federal officers and soldiers, and the -on- and 
daughters of those who Berved in the Federal armies 
will he equally proud of tin' achievements of thi 
Confederates, And each side, in my judgment, does 
well to perpetuate the remembrance of the virtue.-, 
the skill, the courage, and the achievements of its 
statesmen, it.- Generals, its soldiers and its noble 

Confederate Monument at Covington, Tbnn. — 
The Confederate Monument Committee want the 
name of every Tipton County Confederate soldier, 
and with information as to whether still living or dead, 
what regiment and company he belonged to. and his 
rank: what battles he participated in; if killed in 
battle, when and where ; where buried, and any special 
act of heroism or any incident in his career. These 
facts are to he properly arranged and placed in the 
corner-stone of the monument. Any person familiar 
with any thing of interest in regard to any Tipton 
County soldier should communicate with Col. .1. I*. 
Green," Covington, Tenn. 


:c told about the capture and trans- 
fer of a railway locomotive during the war that the 
Veteras would like an account from a participant. 
_ Said T. C. DeLand, of the Examining Hoard at the 
Treasury: The Confederacy was very much in need of 
a railway locomotive in order to operate their supply 
a. It wa- in 1864, and they had not the mean's 
to buy an engine, so the invariable alternative arose 
one \ band of one hundred men was Belei ted 
from Lee's army and placed under the command of a 
ot-four Georgian, who had I. ecu foreman of a 
stone quarry, and was more or less skilled in tl 
of derricks, etc. He took his men up into Maryland 
and they tore up a section of the Baltimore and Ohio 
Railway track. Bagged the next train, and with noth- 
ing on eai rope, those hundred men 
carried the locomotive fifty-two miles over lull-, a 
streams, through bogs and wood-, until they struck a 
line the Confederacy had built Then they ran the 
engine down to Virginia. 

When Robert Garrett, then President of the Baiti- 
and Ohio, heard of the feat he couldn't believe 
it. He went out and personally inspect,,] I 
went over the rout,, and declared it the most wonder- 
it of engineering d. Vfter the 
war he delegated a mac the leader of the hand. 
He was located in Georgia. Garrett senl for him. and 
on the strength of that single feat made him road- 
master of his entire system of railro 


Judg< D. C. Thomas, Lampassas, Texas, writ* 
have a roll of Texas prison ised from Fori Del- 

aware at the close of the war. I was a prisoner there 
for more than a year, and was not released until some 

- aft, i Lee's surrender. I was in three diffi 
prisons, and of course know something of prison life. 

The Veteran is grateful to Jui mas, and con- 

templates giving this list ere long. 

•T. L. Gee, of Williamson County, Tenn., who pre- 
eord of proceedings when Mrs. John C. 
Breckinridge gave the 20th Teni nade from 

her own silk dre-s. published in April Veteran, kept 
a detailed account of the members of hi- company, 
"D." It- total membership, officers and men, was 

129. There was one substitute. Fifteen were b r- 

ably discharged, ten wet-, transferred, five promoted to 
other commands, twenty-five were captured, and one 

aptured while on secret service and killed: nine 
"joined the cavalry" and were paroled at the surren- 
der, twelve were t la 1 1 sferred to other commands, five 

paroled while wounded, and t\\->- stacked an 
Rentonville, X. C. During the war eleven were killed, 
thirty-five wounded, and two died of wounds. 

During the Birmingham Reunion .1. W. G. and 
friends were visiting the Missionary Ridge Cyclorama, 

and several veterans were looking' at it. when one of 
them expressed much disgu-t at the unfavorable show- 
ing the Confederates were making in one part of the 
picture. Rut walking around the old soldier saw 
something to please him. and in an exultant tone he 
sung out, "Come here, hoys; look at this; arn't we 
giving them h— ?" C. 




Gen. James H. Lane, of Alabama, is :i native of Vir- 
ginia— Mathews Court Bouse. A "star" graduate 
with distinction from the Virginia Military Institute, 
he afterward took a scientific course :it the University 
of Virginia. He served as Assistant Professor of Math- 
ematics at his Alma Mater, the Virginia Military In- 
stitute. He was afterward Professor of Mathematics 
in the Florida University at Tallahassee. When the 
war begun he was engaged as professor in the North 
Carolina Military Institute at Charlotte. He took an 
active part at once, and was made Major of the 1st 
North Carolina Regiment, and was in "the first battle 
of the war." according to 1 >. II. Hill. He was dubbed 

the "Little Major" of "the Bethel Regiment." With a 
handsome outfit of sword, bridle, saddle and stirrups 
from this command, he left them to serve as Colonel 
of the 28th North Carolina, of which he was unani- 
mously chosen Colonel. This same compliment was 
paid him by this regiment upon its reorganization and 
volunteering for tin- war— the first twelve month.- to 
so enlist, according to Gen. Holme-. When Gen. 
Branch was hastening to the right in the great battle 
of Sharpsburg, A. P. Hill dashed up to the command 
and called out. "Who commands this regiment?" 
Lane stepped forward and saluting, said, "I do, Gen- 
eral." Hill replied: "Take your regiment, Colonel, 
at a double quick, deploy it along that road, defend 
that unsupported battery and drive hack the enemy 
advancing through that corn." About dark Branch 
ordered Lane to rejoin him, and that, doubtless, was 

the la>t order of that brave officer; for. as Lane aj>- 
proached \\'\> line he recognized Maj. Englehard, and 
asked, "Where is Gen. Branch?" Englehard. in a 
voice which betrayed his emotion, replied, "He has 
just been shot; there he goes on that stretcher, dead, 

and you arc in command of the brigade." Two days 

afterward Branch's brigade, under l.ane, and the brig- 
ades of Gregg and Archer, constituted the rearguard 
of the Army of Northern Virginia, when Gen. Lee re- 
used the Potomac without the loss of a wagon. 
The brigade petitioned for Lane's promotion, and 
on the recommendation of Lee. Jackson and A. 1'. 
Hill be was appointed Brigadier to succeed the la- 
mented Branch. Gen. Lane was wounded on the head 
at the first < 'old Harbor at the same time that the no- 
ble Campbell was killed in front of his regiment with 
it- colors in his hands. He received an ugly and very 
painful wound a few days afterward at Fra/ier's Farm, 
when his regiment was charging a battery, hut he re- 
fused to leave the Held, though advised to do so by the 

I hvision burgeon. A.t the si nd < old Harbor he was 

dangerously wounded, and was borne, profusely bleed- 
ing, from the field. 

This noted North Carolina brigade took an active 
part in every important infantry battle fought by tin- 
Army of Northern Virginia, and Gen. Lane was in 
active command from Sharpsburg to the surrender at 
Appomattox Court House, except about two months 
when confined by serious wounds. 

After the surrender Gen. Lam- begged his way to 
the home oi' his childhood, which had been in the en- 
emy's lines, to find his aged parents ruined in fortune 
and crushed in spirit at the loss of two noble sons. 
lie remained there huckstering and working his 
father's garden and a small lot in corn until he could 
borrow $150 to enable him to leave his old home again 
in search of employment more congenial to his habits 
and to the physical ability of a wounded Boldier. 

This "Little General" enjoyed the confidence ami 
respect of President Davis, as is seen from the follow- 
ing beautiful ami touching tribute: "1 willingly hear 
witness to his character and general capacity. En- 
deared to me as he is by hi- Ber vices to the South 
when he was the youngest Brigadier in the Confeder- 
ate Army, I admit that I feel a warm interest in his 
success, not for himself only hut also as a good exam- 
ple tor the youth of the State I love so well." 
Gen. Lane married miss Charlotte Randolph Meade. 

of Richmond, Va., who died several years ago. He 
has four daughters, and lives at Auhurn, Ala., where 
he is Professor of Civil Engineering in the Alabama 
Polytechnic Institute. The Veteran will print soon 
an address of his about our women in war times. 

Lowndesboro, Ala., March 19, 1894. At a meeting 
of (amp T. J. Bullock, No. 331, U. C. V., Adjutant C. 

D. Whitman offered the following resolution, which 

was adopted : That we heartily indorse the Confedeb- 

ati: VETERAN, and accept it as our official organ, and 
cheerfully recommend it to all soldiers, regardless oi 
whetherthey wore the gray or the blue. It is worth 

the price. $] a year. 

Graham Hughes, Secretary, Owensboro, Ky.. March 
pi- "gi r — I ; lm commissioned by the Confederate 
Association of this place to notify you that your mag- 
azine has been indorsed by it as an able and true rep- 
resentative of Confederate interests." 




A C. McLeary, Humboldt, Term.: A friend sent me 
two Qumbers of the Vetebak, December and January, 

and I read both of them through the first night, and 
was reminded of many funny t h i 1 1 lt - said and dime 
during the war. 1 was a private in Company G, 12th 
Tennessee Cavalry, under Forrest. The greater part 
of our company were boys from Bixteen to twenty, 
and we were a jolly set. German Tucker took a Con- 
federate cracker to show to some ladies Living near 
camp, and they wanted to know how we ever got them 
tn pieces, lie told them that we put one con 
the cracker iii our mouth, placed the chin on a stump 
ami got some i>ne to hit us on top of the head with a 
maul. Bill Combs, when discussing the cracki 

an article of food, said. "I can get full Of the 'dad 
gum' things, but can't '_ r et enough." 

Late one night we were cooking rations for 01 
our Middle Tennessee raid- Two of the boys, one in 
the 1 Ith Tennessee Regiment on another hill, and one 
of my company, were "jawing" at each other, when 
the 1 Ith man yelled out. " You go to h — ." Our man 
answered, " There's no way of getting there now. the 
yankeee have burnt the bridges." Fourteenth an- 
-w . red, " The\ did a good thing for you. then." 

While on that raid we marched and fought for days 
and nights in succession. Late one dark night W< 
were on the march, it was raining, and we were all 
ild, tired, sleepy and hungry. We were hunched 
up in a creek bottom waiting for those in front to 
the stream. Not a word was being spoken, old 
.-ore hacked hoi -, - were trying to rub their rid- 

ome other horse. We knew we would have 
fighting to do as soon as day broke, and we had the 
blues All at once Joe I.' I "Boys, I have 

become reckless; I've got so I don't care for nothing. 
I had just a- soon he at home now a- to be b 
The effect was magic. While the skill and bravery of 
our Generals and the lighting qualities of our soldiers 
could not have hen excelled, if it had not been for 
those jolly spirits to animate other- the war would 
have come to a close much sooner. 

Let us have something* more from ('apt. Hord. I 
Laughed more while reading his Mike Kelly article 
than any thing 1 have seen concerning the war. It 
reminded me of my experience when Hood's army 
left Nashville. Not in Mike's charging qualities, bul 
in trying to mount a frightened horse when the 
yankeee and their bullets were coming fast. I was a 
good rider, and when at myself could mount a horse 
a- quick as an Indian, lint I had sprained my left 
ankle BO severely I could not stand on it 10 put the 
other foot in the stirrup. Six or eight of us were on 
guard -1 was a volunteer. We were at an old Lrick 
house on the hank of the Cumberland river five or 
six miles below Nashville. Our horses were over the 
hill out of the range of the gunboats three or four 
hundred yards from us. The first thing we knew OUT 
hoy- were running the yankeee, our hoys in front, 
down the Charlotte pike below us. As tiny ] 
they sent R. 1'.. Bledsoe, one of our company, to tell 
us to L ret away if we could. The rest of the guards 
left me at once. Bledsoe saw me. run his horse some 
two hundred yards to where I was, jumped from the 
saddle, threw me the reins, and was gone like a flash, 
hoping to get to my horse and then make his escape. 

Well. I must close, as I have already called for more 
space than I expect to get. However, Mr. Editor, I 
must tell of the uneasy ride this same old ankle caused 
me to take. Winn we got hack to the Tent. 
River our time came to cross the pontoon bridge about 
midnight, and it was \ery dark. Gen. Cheatham was 
there to see that every thing started on the bridge in 
proper order. Orders were to dismount and lead 
across, hut there was no walking for me, so I kept my 
n the bridge when Gen. Cheatham railed 
out, "Why in the don't you dismount?" "I have 
a sprained ankle. General, and can't walk." "All 
right, if you are a mind to risk it I will." When a 
hoy I rode bucking mule-, jumping horses, young 
and a railroad train with wheel- jumping the 
but all this was pleasure compared with that 
pontoon ride. The river was hank full, the bridge in 
a swing, jumping up and down. My eyes being up 
above the rest, the lights on the hank in front blinded 
me like a hat. It seemed to be the widest river in the 


The following letter was recently sent to the writer 
witli request for its return. Tin company referred to 
w.i- 1'.. li-t Ti nnessei Ri giment : 

In tin Ditches near Atlanta. .Inly 30, 1864, 8 o'i lock 
a. m. — My Dear Friend 1 II A- 1 commence thi- 
every thing i- comparatively calm, though then was 
"heavy" skirmishing all night. -0 reported, and it lias 
this morning on the left. Our brigade is 
a " support " for tin cavalry on tin right. 

Day before . i understand, there w 

"lively" engagement on tie Lit Wi did not 
any thing except tic artilhry. I suppose that our 
I.-- wa- quite heavy, hut do not credit near all that I 
hear in regard to it. We dear that the yankees burned 
- apply train of our coi 

Tic papers were thankfully received that you gave 
["here ha- not been a late paper here in about 
two weeks. Wi get no m ws 

1 arrived Iv to my command w ith the onions. 
Tie boys wen 1 them, and say I must get an- 

other furlough. In tin .■> nte during my ah- 

some of our truest soldiers, and my aear and 
dear friends, gavi their Lives for their country. One 

of mv - omp in i . a g I soldier and steady young 

•hot through the head. The yankees nevei 
ously wounded one of my company, hut have -hot 
three through the head, killing each instantly. Of 
all that were killed in my regiment I fear that neither 
one was prepared to die. How strange that men will 
go blindly into eternity, when a light is offered that 
will show them the way' Mv dear friend. I desire 
that you so live as that all may he well with you un- 
der all circumstai 

Tin onions referred to. a two bushel sack full, were 
bought in Macon I - md the purchaser declined 
$300, hut had the pleasure of their distribution to com- 
rades in his regiment. 

I.t. Gen. S. D. Lei . Agricultural College, Mis-. : 1 con- 
sider your last tw is splendid, and had made 
up my mind to write you especially commending the 
February number. The material is just what it ought 
to Vie. and I wish you eminent success in your work. 
I wish you had started such a monthly ten years ago. 

J 52 



[Extracts from an address by J. M. King, Jr., befori ■ 
at tin* University • >! Nashville.] 

It i- oof of the words of a statesman, nor of the 
deeds of a great general, but <>!' the actions and death 
of a noble Southern hero that I beg you to listen to. A 
short time before the battle of Mission Ridge Gen. 
Bragg bad planned a campaign through Tennessee 
into Kentucky, ft was important to know the exact 
strength of tin- Federal forces occupying the sections 
through which he was to pass. For tins information, 
which had been promised by a Federal officer at Nash- 
ville, a courier was to be sent. This perilous under- 
taking, to pass through a country swarming with 
Federal soldiers, required a man of the coolest cour- 
age and unflinching devotion toduty. Sam Davis, of 
( oleman's Scouts, a youth of nineteen years, was 
chosen for the hazardous journey. He went dressed 
in his gray, and accomplished his task, but on his 
return was taken prisoner near Pulaski, Tenn. A 
search of his person revealed the important papers he 
.carried, and from their accuracy and minuteness of 
.detail it was at once suspected that he had secured 
them from a Federal officer of the engineering depart- 
ment. It was highly important to detect the name 
.of the traitor, and to that end Davis was questioned. 
His answers were straightforward. Frankly admitting 
that he had received the papers as suspected, he firmly 
.declined to give the name of the officer. The com- 
mander pressed him, offering him pardon and safe 
return into his lines, or would subject him to trial 
by court martial, to result in death on the gallows, 
lie was unmoved, and stoutly refused to sell his friend. 
A commission being appointed, he was tried, found 
guilty, and sentenced to be hanged as a spy Friday, 
November 23, 1863, in the town of Pulaski. When 
his fate was made known to him he expressed some 
surprise at its harshness [dicing dressed in his army 
.colors and wearing his Confederate arms when cap- 
tured he was no spy], hut he showed not the least 
fear or weakness- -not the quiver of a muscle. In 
wilting to his mother he realized full well the end. 
Death was certain. These are his words to her: 

"Dear Mother — how painful it is to write to you 

■that I have got to die to-morrow morning. I will lie 

hanged by the Federals. Mother, do not grieve for 

me. I must hid you goodbye for evermore. Mother, 

I do not hate to die. (live my love to all. Tell the 

• children all to he good." 

A nobler heart never beat! Think of his grief- 
stricken niothei a- she read those lines. The simplic- 
ity, the sincerity expressed in them illustrates bis 
.character. Directly after writing this he was again 
visited hy the Chaplain, but he remained firm not to 
reveal the confidence given him. At the time ap- 
pointed for his execution, seated on his coffin, his 
arms pinioned at his hack, he was driven to the scaf- 
fold which had been erected on an elevation overlook- 
ing the town. He saw the soldiers move the coffin 
from the wagon, and, turning to the commander, in- 
quired how long he had to live. "Just fifteen min- 
utes," was the reply. Then, without a tremor or the 
slightest change of countenance, he said, "The rest of 
the battles will have to be fought without me." 

As he ascended the steps of the scaffold in company 
with the Chaplain, after committing a few keepsakes 

to a friend, his mind evidently turned hack to his 
home. Familiar scenes and trying recollections 
thronged upon him. He recalled his dear mother aa 

she hade hiii] farewell at the gale, giving to him her 

treasured Bible, asking God to take care of her precious 
boy. lie -aw his father, his frame trembling with 
emotion as he took his hand and said, "My son, go 

and light for our Southland, and. if need he. die in 
bei cause;" and no doubt he recalled tin' tender words 
of his dearest one as they knelt at the altar and vowed 
to in- all and all to each other. At this moment a mes- 

r, dispatched in hast' from headquarters, arrived 
at the scaffold. It was the last offer of pardon. He 
was told that such fate might he avoided l>y giving 
the name of the officer from whom he had tin trea- 
sonable documents. Though standing upon the hrink 
of eternity, he turned upon the messenger and, with 
a glowing indignation, said, "No! I would diea thou- 
sand deaths first. I will never betray the confidence 
reposed in me." After a short prayer the black cap 
was drawn over bis head and he stepped upon the 
trap, and with the calmness of a philosopher, the stern'- 
ness of a patriot, the sincerity and courage of a Chris- 
tian martyr, paid the severe penalty of unswerving 
devotion to duty and honor. 

Far ami wide his death was mourned. His execu- 
tioners wept. The common soldiery stigmatized tin- 
deed as a cruel assassination. Among his own lines 
his comrades resolved to erect a monument to mark 
the resting place of one who deserved the title of Mar- 
shal Ney, "the bravest of the brave." 

Noble Sam Davis was admired by his enemies and 
loved hy his friends. No one ever awakened greater 
sympathy. His youth, his courage, his coolness un- 
der the trying circumstances, endeared him to all. 
Even now, after the lapse of twenty-nine years, at the 
mention of his name to a comrade or friend, a tender 
sympathy causes the tear to rise unhidden to the eye. 
He was a mart) I to w hat he conceived to he his duty. 

('apt. Samuel D. Buck, Baltimore, calls attention to 
some errors in his article in the VETERAN for March, 
page 75, in which be states: lam made to call " Mas- 
sanutton Mountain " " Maurerton Mountain," " Hite's 
Fane" " Hill's Fane." Then the charge made on the 
battery says "charged across the river," should lie, 
"charged across the run.'' Then the article says, "We 
remained north of Middletown over night." I cer- 
tainly did not intend to bo state, but that "we were 
halted north of Middletown in line of battle until we 
fell hack in the afternoon." Our brigade, under the 
persona] command of Gen. Pegram himself, kept in 
perfect alignment until we were forced to break to 
cross Cedar Creek bridge. I read the Veteran with 
gnat pleasure, and look for it as a personal friend. 

Thomas I ». Ransom, Commander Stonewall Jackson 
Camp at Staunton, Va., recently called a meeting of 
its members to protect from mob violence a negro un- 
der trial during popular excitement. He appointed 
a committee and charged it with the duty of aiding 
the authorities of the county and city in the preserva- 
tion of order, as representatives of the Camp, and of 
giving immediate notice to all members of the Camp 
accessible to them, of any emergency calling for its 
further action. 




Thanks to James T. Bacon, editor of the Edgefield. 
S. C, Chronicle, for notes concerning Capt. (ieorge B. 
Lake, of Edgefield Court House, who started the move- 
ment for having the Veteran made official organ of 
the United Confederate Veterans at Birmingham. 
Capt. Lake is a native of the Edgefield District, born 
January, 1841. His father was an eminent physician 
and a zealous Christian. His mother excelled in bril- 
liant literary achievements. 

The son enlisted in Company C, Gregg's First South 

Carolina Regiment, the first organized for the great 
Confederate conflict. It was the first regiment that 
went to Virginia, and evidently fired the first gun on 
the Southern side in the war. The Gregg regiment 
was disbanded at the end of six months, the time for 
which it enlisted, and young Lake immediately re- 
enlisted in the 22d South Carolina, and was made a 
staff officer of the regiment. He was healthy, active. 
and was constantly on duty until his burial at the 
Crater by Petersburg. Va., July 30, 1864, when he be- 
came a prisoner. His men were so situated there that 
they tired over a four-gun Confederate battery. When 
the mine, charged with 8,000 pounds of powder. was 
fired they were all buried, and thirty-one of his thirty- 
four men, including himself, were killed. Capt. Lake 
and the other three survivors were dug up by the Fed- 
erals after two hours. He was sent to Fort Delaware 
where he was kept until the end came. Capt. Lake 
had never missed a battle in which his command en- 
gaged. Confrere Bacon concludes: 

"Capt. Lake, with a lovely, noble wife, promising 
children, and a happy home, is now one of the most 
honored, beloved, and useful citizens of the town of 
Edgefield. He thanks God that it was his privil< 
to go to Birmingham, and there to cheer "Pixie' and 
"The Bonnie Blue Flag" as lustily as. when a boy, 
he followed and Johnston in Virginia, and fought 
under J. K. Johnston in the \\ , 

Desiring the experience- of (apt. Lake in that aw- 
ful disaster, the explosion of the Crater, request for 
an account was written to him and this is his reply: 

* * * "That would he hard to put on paper. 
The Federal troops had heen mining for some time. 
We knew it. and to prevent the destruction of the 
battery and the breaking of our lines, we sunk a shaft 
on each side of' the Lattery abonl a dozen feet deep, 
and then tunnelled out twenty feet or more to the 
front. l>ut the enemy- mine was under our tunnel a 
good many feet. <>ur officers around the mine he- 
lieved that we were going to be blown up. My com- 
mand was in the rear line of work-, and we were all 
asleep. I knew nothing of what had happened until 
the most of the dirt had been taken off Of us. Before 
I was taken out. however. I came to consciousness, 
and talked to Lieut. W J Lake, of Newberry, B.C., 
a Lieutenant in my company, who was lying on my 
side. We knew we were huried. discussed the proba- 
bilities of getting out, and thought they were very 
slim. His thigh was broken, and he was othervi 
badly injured, hut finally recovered. The brave fel- 
lows who took us out of the ground, working away 
while exposed to shot and shell. 1 think were mem- 
bers of a New York heavy artillery regiment. They 
showed other evidences of their courage, for they BOOD 
turned one of our guns, that had heen blown out of 
the trenches, upon our men. and handled it as only 
brave men can in such a place. When I found that 
nearly all my men had heen killed, and the remain- 
ing few. with myself. wen prisoners, it was gloomy 
indeed. We were kept in tne Crater for a considera- 
ble time, exposed to -hells from our own batteries. 
These shells made terrible havoc with the Federal 
troops who had charged through the break, but after 
heingdriven back stopped in the Crater for protection. 

"I was in some of the hardest fought battles of the 
Confederate war — was at one time for two weeks in 
Fort Sumter, when all the Federal iron-clads would 
-team up to within eight hundred or a thousand yards 
of the fort, and they and the land batteries on Morris 
Island would hurl shell and shot in the fort by the 
ton, but I never saw anv thing t<> equal the horror of 
the Crater." 

T. C. Monroe, of Auditor's office, Little Rock. Ark., 
who was of Company K.. and acted as Adjutant 8th 
Alabama Regiment, Wilcox's Brigade, Anderson's Li- 
vision, A. P. Hill's Corps, desires to learn of Col. John 
P. Emerich, if living, who commanded this noble lit- 
tle regiment in its last days. The regiment was first 
commanded by Col. John A. Winston, then by Col. 
Y. L. Royston, the "Tall Sycamore of the South," 
then by Col. Hillery A. Herbert, now Secretary of the 
Navy, then by our Hutch Colonel, John P. Emerich, 
a noble soldier, who, at the organization of the regi- 
ment, was Captain of a company, the German Fusil- 
iers, from Mobile, Ala. Maj. Monroe desires to hear 
from Col. Emerich. if living, as well as anv other 
member of that noble old regiment, through the Vet- 
eran. He adds, " Success to the Veteran at any price." 



CUT. B. 11. TEAGUE. 

Capt. B. II. Teague is a native of Aiken. S. C. His 
early years were spent in Charleston. While at school 
he became a member of perhaps the most youthful 
military company in service, the Pickens Rifles, of 
Charleston. At the age of seventeen year- he volun- 
teered in Company B, 11am]. t>>n Legion Regiment, 
Mounted Infantry. Gary's Cavalry Brigade, Army 
Northern Virginia. 

Young Teague was a brave and faithful soldier to 
the end, and surrendered with his command at Appo- 
mattox. He boasts that he never " held horses during 
a fight." After the war he joined his State militia as 
soon as organized, and has advanced through the 
grades of office until he is now Lieutenant Colonel of 

Commander Teague organized the second Camp of 
United Confederate Veterans in his State, that of Bar- 
nard K. Bee. No. M. and his comrades, appreciating 
his zeal in their behalf, have kept him in command, 
lie is a dentist l>v profession, and is held in high es- 
i. em as a skillful' practitioner. He is an inventor of 
several useful appliances in dentistry, upon which he 
has letters patent. Dr. Teague is ex-1'resident of the 

Dental Association of his State, a place of honorable 
distinction; and he is President of the Young Men's 
Christian Association of this city, which position he 
now holds. His standing among his people is that of 
an exemplary and honorable citizen, and though he 
sought not political preferment, he was made Presi- 
dent of the Central Democratic Club of his county 
for nearly ten years after the overthrow of radical Re- 
publicanism in his State. 

As a labor of love, and for the purpose of preserv- 
ing them from oblivion, Commander Teague has for 

many years been collecting relics and souvenirs of the 
Conlederate war. He has tilled a suite of rooms with 
these precious treasures, many of which are of his- 
torical and inestimable value, contributed by his many 
friends and his comrades. To these rooms all veter- 
ans are welcomed, and they have been visited by hun- 
dreds. He affirms he is a crank at collecting, and at 
the parting at the Birmingham meeting he said, "If 
you want to make a fast friend send me a Confederate 
war relic." 



I have not cared to correct the many misstatements 
concerning my position on inviting the G. A. R. to 
hold its session in Atlanta, which have appeared in 
the papers. But I avail myself of the columns of th< 
Veteran for a brief explanation, in order that my 
comrades may know just where I stood on the ques- 
tion. 1 opposed the proposition to send a committee 
to the Grand Army and invite them to hold their 
next session in Atlanta on the ground that it was a 
question with which we had nothing to do — that just 
as we would consider it an impertinence for the 
G. A. I!, to send us a commission to suggest where we 
should meet, so they would regard such a commission 
on our part as an impertinence. 

Alter there had been a good deal of tine rhetoric 
about "fraternity," "forgetting the bitterness of the 
war." etc.. 1 replied, in substance, that I did not mean 
to revive bitter memories of the stormy past — that I 
had no sort of objection to meeting old soldiers who 
fought against us, and, as a matter of fact, had fre- 
quently done so- and that if we could eliminate from 
the G. A. R. all who were not soldiers I would be glad 
to welcome and fraternize with the true soldiers who 
wore the blue. But, I added, truth compelled the 
statement that very many of those most prominent 
in the G. A. R. reunions were men who never smelt 
gun powder, who were soldiers "for revenue only" — 
who were only solicitous to have their names on the 
pension rolls, and who belonged to that class of whom 
Ben Hill, of Georgia, had wittily said that they were 
"invisible in war and invindbU m peace. 

The convention voted the other way, though it was 
very far from being the "unanimous" vote that some 
of the papers claimed, and 1 acquiesced in the decision. 
But from the thanks which have since been showered 
upon me for the stand I took, I incline to the opinion 
that I expressed the sentiments of a verylarge minority, 
if not a majority of Confederate veterans, and of our 
Southern people. 

I am unite sure that if the G. A. B. does meet in 
Atlanta and conduct their meetings in their usual 
Style, that it will be the well-nigh unanimous verdict 
that this invitation was exceedingly unwise, and that 
it will be many a long day before it is renewed. 
University ol Virginia, May 7. 1804. 

Dr. Cicero R. Barker, Salisbury, N. C: Please ask if 
Harry Love, a member of the 42d North Carolina Reg- 
iment, who moved to Texas in 1*70, is still alive. If 
so, send me address. 




The reports of a multitude of Camps, Bivouacs, 
are published in this Veteran. It is a remarkable 
compilation. The indorsement is unstinted, and prac- 
tically universal; besides, the circumstances under 
which it was given make it all thestronger. A prom- 
inent member of the organization was in Nashville a 
few days before the meeting, and introduced the sub- 
ject of making the Veteban the official organ, and 
- said lie would take pleasure in presenting it. He af- 
terward concluded it would 1>. better forthe leading 
Confederate in Tennessee to offei the resolution, and 
said he would make a speech in its advocacy; hut the 
gentleman mentioned said he thought it would he in 
better taste Forthe motion to be made from another 
state. These two gentlemen were occupied constantly 

in the general work of the Convention, and time 

passed on until the firs! day was gone The aext day 
they weic busy as ever, and others less prominent in 
tin' Convention, knowing the situation, wanted tin 

resolution offered, hut I advised them to wait. Thus 
matters continued until just before tie ( onvention 
I losed, when ( 'apt. < ieorge B. hake of South Carolina. 

1 onferred with Capt. B. II. Teague, of thai state, and 
it was determined thai the latter offer the resolution, 

which he did. Without concert of action the m< 
was seconded from nearly every part of the Conven- 
tion, ami was "carried without a dissenting voice." 
After the vote had been announced g Chattanooga 
delegate arose to oppose the resolution, saying there 
are other Confederate (?) papers, and he was opposed 
to discriminating, l'.ut he was "too late," the resolu- 
tion had "already passed." [This gentleman i- very 

enterprising. He has been at the bead of his city 

government, a ml active in Democratic committee work, 
but some time since he was left out of the committee 
entirely, and in complaining bitterly about it he said. 
"I know one thing. I'm no d — fool."] 

As editor and proprietor of the Veteran 1 passed 
through an ordeal at the reunion which it is necessary 
to explain to the many comrades wdio had written 
they expected to see me at Birmingham. The re- 
union to me was like a battle in war times. I had 
not "a good time," as has been so often presumed by 
correspondents. The"cat in the meal bag" was fed 
at defiance, and by a few who have had even 
that I could bestow since the Veteran has existed. 
A "General" on the platform, who was not "made bj 
the private soldier." hut by a politician, was conspic- 
uous, and he was put on an important committee. His 

presence seemed, at least, to influence General officers 

who make official reports of the war. and the VETERAN 
was not mentiom d from the platform any more than if it 
had never existed. The long and able report read by 
the Chairman of the 11 istorical Committee, and a gen- 
tleman who hail stated previously that the VETERAN 

"material is just what it should be," ami. "1 wish 
you had started such a monthly ten years ago.'' never 
had mention of it, hut it should. 

The able and illustrious Commanding General 
had ever carefully avoided committing himself in any 
sense to the Veteran. He had not. however, forgot- 
ten to commend another publication which ha- Keen 

so faithfully exposed by the Veteran. He had not 

forgotten, either, to write an earnest oommendat i 

a publication in his own State which has a department 

similar to the warp and went of the Veteran. I had 
even written a request tor a word of commendation. 

hut failed to -ccure it. Readers of the Veteran all 

over the South will hear testimony that the V ETEB v\ 
has honored him above any other living num. It 
gave him first prominence at the grave of Mr. Davis, 
and quoted his word- about the scene. When he de- 
livered hi- splendid Lecture here on the "Last Days 
of the Confederacy "—better suited to New England 
than old South defenders I did a- I have ever done, 
what I could do for hi- success. 1 could not have 
done the consistent thing to print his picture in April 
\ i ; i ran but for his g< spirited brother, vt 

friendship has ever Keen opi nly demonstrated. 

Then another < leneral, w ho is a candidate for office, 
and whose claims have been pressed through his wai 
d under the title, " United Confederate Veterans," 
although prohibited by the Constitution, has ignored 
the Veteran entirely, hut it has served him just as if 
he had done his duty. Do 1 dare, the dastardly thing. 
to complain at these dignitaries'.' They know that my 
work has deserved commendation, yes, and their 
money too, to the value of one dollar a year. [But 
that 1 have never asked directly of anybody.] It is 
an insult to justice that so much be done to bonoi 
fellow patriot- by an individual whose high aim to 
meeting obligations is bo involved, who is doing a 
work that they in their hearts commend, and yet who 
have not the courage to do and to dare as they had 
thirty years ago. They did not merit equal credit fol 
valor then, with fame- shining temple open 
them, to the equally patriotic who rushed into the 
jaws of death equally bold, and no such reward prom- 
ised. I am not discriminating against our gallant, 
patriotic leaders, hut 1 am just in these criticisms. 
It is not right to exalt eternally comrades, howevei 
worthy of honor, above their equals, unle,-s they 
show reciprocal appreciation of what is done for them 
The Veteran would go out a- a lamp without oil, yea, 
famine, tire and death would come quickly if the noble 
heroes of the rank and tile were to do as some of the-. 
have done through the unpatriotic policy of keeping 
favor with an agent who has drawn, according to re- 
port, mort than forty thousand dollars during the past 
twenty years, by liberality of the United States Gov- 
ernment in compliment to the South, and in its 
effort to secure true history. Everybody knows I am 



ri.'ht. This could not be more disagreeable service 
to anybody. I am in the responsible position, in- 
dorsed by the manj- thousands of Confederates, im- 
pelled t" a duty as Bacred B£ when 1 carried a gun. 
I would be untrue to every holy memory if, with 
the VETERAN, I did not expose this "inwardness/' 
From the morning I saw the Federal thousands — a 
picture of the British in my childhood horror — march 
into Fort Donelson, I have been as loyal as any soldier 
who gave his life to the cause. I have the comfort 
now of knowing that I did my entire duty on every 
occasion, and cost what it may now, I intend to con- 
tinue in that line until the end comes. 

I may err often and seriously, but I will surely con- 
tinue to have the consciousness of loyalty to duty in 
these matters. It has been my good fortune ever to 
have the candor to apologize for mistakes, and the 
■columns of the Veteran are wide open now of right. 


Since the grand reunion at Birmingham, Ala., I 
have naturally thought much of the I'nited Confed- 
erate Veteran movement, of how its great success has 
been brought about, and cannot resist the temptation 
to write you on the subject. 

I'ndoubtedly the establishment of a federation of 
Confederate veterans was a cherished wish of the South- 
ern soldier^' that participated in the great war for 
Southern independence, but the maturing of such a 
hud into the full blown Hower now presented by the 
I'nited Confederate Veterans is more the work of the 
•Chief of Staff, Gen. (ieo. Moorman, than of any other 
•one or dozen men connected with the movement. His 
constant labor in effecting the organization of Camps, 
assiduous attention toward the irksome but necessary 
details of formulating a federation of Southern veter- 
.ans, painstaking courtesy and general urbanity 
toward those with whom he came in contact, won for 
him the favor and confidence of all, and made the ar- 
duous task a possibility that has now become a bloom- 
ing achievement, successful beyond expression. 

It is true that he had the assistance of his lady Sec- 
retary in the tedious machinery of office work, and 
Miss Childress performed her part most loyally, en- 
thusiastically, and in a manner every way admirable, 
and for which she was heartily and unanimously rec- 
ognized by the Birmingham Convention, but while 
she is entitled to every meed of praise, still his i Moor- 
man's) was the directing hand, and all will join in 
acknowledgment of its inestimable value to the fed- 

I write the foregoing because of the circumstances 
which, as Secretary of the Committee on Nominations, 
made me aware of the enthusiastic unanimity of that 
committee in presenting Miss A. C. Childress' name 
to the Convention for Chief Clerk and Stenographic 
Secretary at general headquarters of the United Con- 
federate Veteran Federation; and also, on the adop- 
tion of the new Constitution, of having been selected 
by the General commanding to present his compli- 
jnents to Gen. Moorman, and tender to him appoint- 

ment to the position of Lieutenant General and Chief 
of the Genera] Staff, with full appreciation of his past 

services and great expectations tor the future. 

Again, the Veteran has done much and exceed- 
ingly well for the Confederate movement, and in its 
interesting publications and bright pages it has evi- 
dently revived a great deal of the past that was slum- 
bering, ami brought to the surface the vivid recollec- 
tions of the realities of the magnificent Southern 
record, all evidenced and acknowledged by the fullest 
indorsement from the Legislative Council of the Fed- 

There is another element which formed the princi- 
pal initial link of the chain of organization, viz.: 
The reception of the veteran soldiers by glorious old 
New Orleans two years ago, with such an open, old- 
time and lavish hospitality, unsurpassed anywhere 
under any conditions by any people, that it brought 
to every one a smile of approval, culminating in a 
general desire for perfecting the U. C. V. organization. 

The conditions enumerated still exist, and in addi- 
tion thereto can now be added the bringing forward 
to take position in the foremost rank, with the illus- 
trious Gordon as Commander, such a renowned Gen- 
eral as Wm. H. Jackson as second in command, with 
the three departments, having as their heads, respect- 
ively, Generals Fitzhugh Lee, Stephen D. Lee, and YV. 
L. Cabell, all distinguished for services in the field, 
for natural and acquired abilities, that the ultimate 
uniting, under the federated head, of every ex-Con- 
federate Association and detached veteran is assured. 

As a conclusion to this article I desire to personally 
return thanks to the members of the Birmingham 
Convention, severally and collectively for their cour- 
teous indorsement, and for the material aid given and 
promised toward liquidating the debt on the Confed- 
erate Monument at Oakwoods Cemetery, Chicago, with 
the assurance that when all the subscription and other 
promised contributions have been pain but little debt 
will remain. 

I believe that the many thousands of your readers 
will be glad to join in the foregoing, and wish the I . 
C. V. cause prosperity and perpetuity. 


BY I.. I. < '., Ill NTSV1LLE, ALA. 

These stanzas were written as 1 sat by a one-legged 

veteran at the Birmingham Reunion with tears run- 
ning down his cheeks while Gen. Gordon called the 
"honor roll" of the battles in which his men had fol- 
lowed him : 

Oft' with your hats, men of renown 

Lei "lit the silvery gleam 
That, Bhining as night's star-set crown, 

Lights history's changing stream. 

Lock down on us from that grand plain 
Where, heroes, ye did climb 

Out of the din and battle smoke 
To earthly heights sublime. 

And now , before the lights are out, 

Look in our eyes once more; 
Send out your ringing battle shout 

Like thunder's mighty roar. 

Our veterans, our honored ones, 

Your noble work is done; 
Though conquered, ye are conquerors, 

Our hearts, our cause, are one. 


J 57 

Report of Historical Committee at U. C. V. 
Reunion, Birmingham. 

Wh also recommend the following Bllitable t" be 
used as a supplementary reader in our schools: "The Civil 
War," by Mrs. Ann 11. Snyder, of Tennessee. All of which is 
respectfully submitted by your obedient servants. 

.1. \V. Nicholson, W. K. (jakrktt. 
.1 N. fcjTrBBS, - 1 1. I. kk. Chairman, 

"When Gen, Lee finished his report amid thunder- oi ap- 
plause, I>r. .1. William Jones moved the adoption oi the n port, 

which was carried unanimouslv. 




^Fosters Webb, 


Established, Maintained, and Governed by 
■ • • • the State • ■ • ■ 


Blank Books, 

211 CHURCH ST., 

* * 

We make « specialty of printing for Confederate Camps and other 

Veteran organizations. 

The Cosfkdfrate Veteran is printed by nur establishment and 
Is submitted as a specimen <>f our work. 

We luive In our poS DOOn lon ' ail Co